Hair loss in dogs: the main causes
Dogs normally shed a little throughout the year and shed severely twice a year: in the spring and fall. However, if a dog’s fur does not climb evenly over the entire surface of the body, but only in certain areas, then most likely it is alopecia. There can be many reasons for this disease, but we will consider the main ones in this article.
Alopecia, as a rule, manifests itself at an early age and has little to no cure. If this is not a specially fixed trait, as, for example, in a Peruvian dog, Mexican, Chinese crested, then such animals should be excluded from breeding. The defect, most likely, will not threaten the health and life of the dog in any way, but it will be impossible to get rid of it completely.
This is the most common cause of hair loss in dogs. In this case, as a rule, naked areas on the body of the animal are round, covered with scratches, crusts, have damage, the animal constantly bites these places.
Baldness can be caused by both external parasites. microscopic mites, ear mites, fleas, fungi, and so on. and internal ones, for example, helminths. In this case, the veterinarian will prescribe antiparasitic treatment, and the alopecia will go away.
Often manifested by loss of the cutting element, itching, redness. In the case of food allergies, symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and indigestion may be added. Food allergies can be eliminated or restrained by switching to special food as directed by a doctor. Skin. also special food and elimination of contact with the allergen. An allergic reaction can be caused by dust, shampoo, flowers, hair of another animal, perfumes, household chemicals and much more.
This is baldness that occurs when the dog licks itself excessively. This usually happens with stress. In this case, the areas without hair are located in places that the dog can reach on its own. Here you need to understand the cause of stress: a new person, loneliness, another animal, illness, moving. After that, you need to try to eliminate it or fix the dog’s calm reaction to the stimulus.
In this case, hair loss is associated with medication to which the dog has a reaction. It is worth consulting with your doctor about canceling, replacing or changing the dose of medication.
This is baldness, the cause of which is the easiest to eliminate. It occurs upon contact with a tight collar, harness, poor-quality bedding, after a fight with another dog. In this case, bare areas will be located strictly in the area of the injured skin area.
This is a hormonal imbalance in a dog. The cause of baldness can be an overabundance of the hormone cortisol, a violation of the production of growth hormone. Most often, the disease occurs in. boxers, airedale and poodles during puberty. The specialist will either prescribe hormone therapy or transfer the animal to a dietary diet. Endocrine alopecia sometimes resolves on its own after puberty in a male dog, but it is still necessary to show the dog to a doctor.
Vitamins for hair growth in dogs
Regardless of the reason for hair loss, it is worth immediately introducing special vitamin complexes into the pet’s diet to stimulate hair growth.
Brewer’s yeast for dogs is source of B vitamins, which are essential for maintaining healthy hair and skin.
To maintain the health of the cutting element, the body needs the following substances:
- Vitamins D, F, H.
- Zinc chelate.
- B vitamins.
- Amino acids.
As source of vitamins, certain foods that need to be included in the dog’s diet can serve:
- Flaxseed oil. contains vitamin F.
- Liver and syrup (molasses). rich in vitamin H.
- Lamb, brewer’s yeast, whey, liver. contain B vitamins.
A complex of substances useful for wool is contained in food supplements and vitamin complexes:
Hokamix Skin Shine oil relieves itching, adds shine to the coat.
- Polydex. one of the varieties of mowing line. Super Wool plus is specially designed for wool recovery.
- Vit Active S-Sh. give the wool density, healthy appearance, softness. Natural antioxidants prevent the destruction of follicles, prevent the occurrence of allergic reactions.
- Hokamix Skin Shine is an oil with increased Omega acids. Relieves dry skin, gives the coat shine, eliminates itching and flaking.
- Excel 8 in 1. brewer’s yeast and garlic. Special complex for leather and wool.
- Beafar is a line of vitamins. Laveta Super Malti. complex for leather and wool.
- Kanvit Biotin. a preparation with biotin, which has a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin and cutting element.
- Canina. widely used by dog lovers all over the world.
The line of Canin vitamins includes complexes for dogs of various ages and breeds, as well as for the regulation of various physiological problems:
- DPETVITAL Biotin-tabs. restores the coloring pigment of the wool, improves its quality.
- Fell Gel. for small breeds. Eliminates hair brittleness, dandruff.
- Biotin forte. for long-haired breeds, helps to quickly restore hair.
- Fell O.K food supplement with increased m biotin.
- Petvital Derm Caps. capsules to strengthen the immune system, improve metabolic processes in the skin.
ATTENTION. When choosing vitamin complexes, you need to consult a veterinarian. Exceeding the dose, the duration of taking the drug can cause hypervitaminosis, which will cause health problems for the pet.
Causes of hair loss
The active shedding of the dog’s coat 2 times a year is a natural process of the animal shedding, so this phenomenon should not bother the owner. Seasonal molting does not negatively affect the well-being of the dog, and the owner only needs to comb the pet and monitor the cleanliness of its skin.
Hair loss in a dog may indicate a malfunctioning of the dog’s body.
But if the seasonal molting is still far away, and the dog has widespread or focal alopecia, the owner should find out the reasons for this phenomenon. Hair loss can be caused by several reasons.
Hair loss in dogs: causes and remedies
The silky and thick coat of the dog testifies to its excellent health. Complete or partial loss of hair in a dog indicates the presence of problems in its body. This symptom may indicate a serious illness. That is why the owner should definitely find out why the dog’s hair falls out.
With a normal hormonal background, the causes of hair loss in a dog may be as follows:
- Avitaminosis. The lack of vitamin B especially affects the condition of the coat. Deficiency of zinc in the body provokes the formation of skin hardness and baldness.
- Allergy. The dog may be allergic to food, cosmetics, chemicals, medicines. Hair loss is accompanied by redness of the skin, itching.
- Stress. The nervous system of many breeds is designed in such a way that excessive excitement affects their health and causes reactions in the form of changes in appearance and malfunctioning of internal organs. After a fight, a visit to a doctor, a move, or other stressful situations, the dog may start off-season molt.
- Yeast infections. For this reason, dogs with wrinkled skin are prone to hair loss: Shar Pei, English Bulldogs, etc. Hair loss begins in areas of high humidity. in the folds of the skin.
Hair loss can be due to yeast infections.
Flea dermatitis is a common cause of alopecia.
IMPORTANT. One of the reasons for hair loss is an excessive obsession with clothing for dogs. In the warm season, the skin under various sweaters, raincoats and capes overheats, which inevitably causes hair loss.
In an effort to decorate the pet, many owners constantly dress them up in various costumes. The purpose of clothing for dogs is to protect them from the adverse effects of the environment. At the same time, in favorable weather and at home, the dog should be without clothes so that the skin is saturated with oxygen, “breathes”.
Hormonal disorders in the body
A dog’s hair can fall out if some kind of hormonal disruption has occurred in the body:
- Cushing’s syndrome (hyperadrenocorticism) is a disease in which excess cortisol is produced in the body. Symptoms of the disease are hair loss, weight gain, systematic thirst, frequent urination.
- Hyperestrogenism. Excess estrogen in the body, which causes hair to fall out in the genital area.
- Hypoestrogenism. The disease most often develops in spayed middle-aged bitches. Hair loss is observed in places, first around the genitals, then throughout the body.
- Growth hormone deficiency during puberty in males. The disease has a breed predisposition, it affects Chow Chows, Poodles, Boxers, Airedale Terriers, Pomeranians, Dutch Spitz.
- Hypothyroidism Acute lack of thyroid hormones. The coat becomes dry and brittle. Then hair loss begins on the back, chest and neck.
Hormonal causes of alopecia include Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, growth hormone deficiency.
Treatment for alopecia in dogs
If your dog’s hair loss is seasonal, no action is necessary. The only rule is compliance with the requirements for the care of the coat. During molting, the dog needs to be combed once or twice a day using a special brush.
If the dog begins to lose hair, you need to show it to the veterinarian and find out the reason.
There is no single method of treatment for other types of hair loss, since in each individual case, therapy depends on the causes of hair loss. Baldness in places or completely requires a mandatory visit to a veterinary clinic to determine the causes. For diagnostics, anamnesis is taken, scrapings from the skin are performed.
After finding out the reasons, treatment is prescribed:
- If parasites are found on the skin, agents are prescribed against them. You can get rid of all pests at once with the help of Advocate, Stronghold drops. In advanced cases, antibiotics will be required.
- If the coat falls out due to vitamin deficiency or a general decrease in immunity, special vitamins for dogs are prescribed. Alopecia due to allergies will require, first of all, a change in feed and the elimination of contact with allergens. Then antihistamines are prescribed by mouth or for topical use.
- The hardest to treat dog hair loss is due to hormonal disruptions and various infectious diseases. Treatment requires the appointment of a complex of drugs taken for a long time.
Preventing dog hair loss
The main condition for preventing alopecia in dogs is the timely elimination of skin problems. The dog should be carefully examined during grooming and if there is any sign of baldness, contact your veterinarian.
Most often, a dog’s hair loss begins with the formation of bald patches in the hairline. If the appropriate measures are not taken in time, the dog will lose all hair.
During the moulting period, the dog must be combed daily and removed dead hairs, which can lead to skin irritation.
The dog’s coat must be especially carefully looked after during the seasonal molt. The dead hair is combed out thoroughly daily. If this is not done, inflammation and itching will develop. The dog will begin to actively comb the itchy areas, and as a result, hair loss will begin.
One of the conditions for the health of wool is compliance with the rules of feeding. Many dry food economy class, such as Oscar, contain low-quality ingredients, dyes and preservatives, the use of which will certainly affect the condition of the pet’s coat. Therefore, you need to choose high-quality feed or use natural products.
A beautiful, thick coat in a dog is a sign of the health of the animal and its decoration. Increased hair loss is a signal for the owner to take action.
We offer you to watch a video in which the veterinarian talks about the causes of alopecia in dogs.
If your dog’s hair falls out
Wool is the natural protective cover of the animal, which protects the dog from cold weather, rain, sunlight and other adverse events. In addition, the coat is a kind of mirror of the health of the pet’s body: if it is shiny and healthy, you can be sure that your four-legged friend is in excellent health.
If the dog’s hair grows dull, loses its elasticity and healthy shine, it means that something is wrong with it: deterioration in the condition of the coat can be accompanied by changes in behavior. the dog becomes restless or lethargic, loses its appetite. If you notice that your pet can no longer boast of such a coat as before, you need to determine the cause of the deterioration. There may be several options:
Diseases and parasites
Often, if the dog’s hair falls out. this is the first sign of the appearance of parasites. lice, lice or fleas. They can be easily identified by examining the thighs and base of the animal’s tail. Pets are not insured against them. after all, such parasites can be picked up on a walk or after talking with a neighbor’s dog. Also, lice larvae can stick to the soles of shoes, and then fall on the paws of dogs. Do not be afraid of feline lice. they are not dangerous for dogs.
Broken hair and reddish spots can also be the first sign of ringworm, the causative agent of this disease is microspores. Since this disease is contagious and unsafe for humans, at the first suspicion of lichen it is worth visiting a veterinary clinic. There, the pet will be prescribed a course of antibiotics and vaccinations.
Other causes of hair loss in dogs
Allergies of all kinds are less common reasons for a dog‘s fur. As a rule, allergic reactions to natural ingredients are rare, but dry food is not suitable for all animals. Also, hair can fall out if antibiotics or hormonal contraceptives are used.
If the dog has had a serious illness, this could lead to a decrease in immunity, so hair can climb all over its body. You also need to regularly deworm the dog, maintain its immunity with the help of immunostimulants.
Perhaps your dog’s diet lacks mineral salts and B vitamins, due to the lack of which hair follicles begin to break down. Even the most complete dry food cannot provide a pet with enough nutrients, so it is worth diversifying and revising the diet. For example, with a lack of B vitamins, the coat falls out, and the skin peels off, with a lack of copper, natural pigmentation is disturbed, if vitamin A is not enough, then the coat becomes dull, and the dog’s skin becomes oily.
Try to ensure that vitamins are always present in the diet of your four-legged friend, however, you should not oversaturate food with them either, since an excess is no less destructive than a deficiency. Unsaturated fatty acids found in different oils are useful: give regularly 2 teaspoons of olive or flaxseed oil. and very soon you will notice a positive trend.
Pay attention to the quality of the meat you offer your pet. it contains taurine, an amino acid that aids in the digestion and absorption of fats. Deficiencies can often affect coat health. Do not feed your dog overly fatty foods. lean beef, lamb, or chicken are best. Regularly add vitamins and minerals to the diet. and then your pet will be healthy and cheerful.
The dog can suffer from the fact that the person has no idea how to care for the coat. The use of human shampoos and conditioners is unacceptable. they can cause deterioration of the coat. To prevent the dog’s skin from becoming dry and dandruff, it is recommended to wash the pet with lukewarm water. Clean your dog regularly, you need to bathe your pet depending on the length of the coat: if the dog is long-haired, it needs to be bathed completely once a month. Cruel-haired dogs can be bathed less often, smooth-haired individuals can simply be thoroughly cleaned with chamois and a damp cloth.
Dry brushing is also a must: remember to brush the long coat from the head to the extremities. Then wipe the coat with a soft flannel or suede cloth. The brush will remove loose hairs and dandruff, and dust can be collected with a soft cloth. Smooth-haired individuals are cleaned with a rubber brush, they need to be bathed only in case of heavy pollution. Train your pets to brushing gradually, and over time it will become a habit. Do not overuse bathing, as you can wash off the fatty substances that nourish the skin. and as a result, your pet’s coat will deteriorate, the hair will be more brittle and thin. Dogs kept in the yard cannot be bathed in the winter season; they are cleaned with dry snow brushes.
For prophylaxis, treat the animal with special drops for prophylaxis, carry out treatment more often in summer than in winter, because the risk of picking up parasites increases significantly. In any case, before starting treatment, determine the cause of the disease and show the pet to the veterinarian.
Bacterial skin infections
They are common and ubiquitous. Usually arises as a secondary problem even with non-communicable skin diseases. A large number of bacteria are found on the skin of healthy animals. Under favorable conditions, they begin to actively multiply and become the cause of pyodremia, furunculosis, folliculitis, purulent abscesses and many other dermatological problems. Therefore, for various dermatological diseases, veterinarians consider it advisable to use a course of antibiotics.
Physiological molting in dogs: when to start to panic?
Dogs with different coat types shed differently.
- Owners of a thick double coat shed very abundantly: German Shepherd, St. Bernard, Husky, Bernese Mountain Dog, others.
- The average degree of molting is typical for short-haired dogs: chihuahua, bulldog, dachshund, others.
- Little or no molting. for hairless dogs or those whose hair grows constantly, requiring regular haircuts: Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese lapdog, Hairless Mexican, American Hairless Terrier, others.
Seasonal (physiological shedding) occurs due to normal mosaic hair replacement. It is mainly regulated by the photoperiod (the length of daylight hours), to a lesser extent by the ambient temperature. That is why in dogs that are kept in apartments, seasonality is poorly expressed, molt is stretched and can be almost year-round. For street dogs, it takes place twice a year: in autumn and spring. Before cold weather, a thick undercoat grows, and with the onset of warmth, the dog quickly gets rid of it, shedding in shreds.
Puppy molt starts at about 3 months and ends at 15 months. During this period, the young soft wool changes to an adult, coarser one. Puppy shedding is better seen in long-haired dogs.
In puppy and lactating dogs, active molt takes place 1.5-2 months after giving birth. Not so much because of a lack of nutrients and vitamins, but because of hormonal changes in the body. It is practically impossible to influence this process. Almost all breeds are susceptible to this, both long-haired and short-haired.
With normal physiological shedding, the pet’s condition is assessed as good, there are no changes in behavior or appearance: greasy hair, dandruff, skin damage or redness, bald areas, diffuse alopecia, the dog does not itch.
Seasonal shedding is stronger in spring when the winter undercoat comes off
Why does wool fall out in winter
Not all dog breeds are adapted to harsh winters. If, for example, a malamute or a husky becomes even more luxurious, then the coat of thermophilic breeds during the frost period can become scarce and brittle, and some dogs develop an allergy to frost. Sharp temperature changes and dry air in the apartment negatively affect the condition of the cover. Sometimes bald patches appear due to synthetic protective clothing that chafes and irritates the skin.
This is why long-haired dogs should not be trimmed (post-trimming alopecia)
Non-communicable diseases in dogs that cause excessive hair loss, patchy or diffuse baldness.
Acanthosis nigricans. manifested by thickening of the skin, mainly in the folds. Often develops against the background of diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, obesity, malignant neoplasms, allergic dermatitis, or intertrigo (inflammation of the fold due to friction). Secondary bacterial and yeast infections play a significant role in development. Predisposition is noted in dachshunds.
Adenitis of the sebaceous glands is a destructive and inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands. often recorded in young dogs of the Poodle breed, Hungarian Vizsla, Chinese Crested, Samoyed. Probably inherited. In short-haired breeds, islet alopecia is observed, and in long-haired breeds, diffuse (can spread over time to the whole body).
Allergies and atopic dermatitis. Allergies are reactions to certain internal or external stimuli called allergens. The immune system of an allergic dog reacts to them excessively or inadequately. Often appears on the skin with redness, itching, hair loss.
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that begins at a young age and continues into adulthood with periodic relapses. In fact, this is an allergy to an undefined substance, which can be pollen, dust, smoke, detergent, and so on. It is difficult to establish and exclude from life. The disease is classified as hereditary. Common with food and other contact allergies in the following breeds: Boxer, Cocker Spaniel, Dalmatian, Bulldog, Fox Terrier, Labrador, Golden Retriever, Black Schnauzer, Pug, Terriers.
The manifestation of atopic dermatitis on the abdomen of a Dalmatian
Baldness in dogs with weakened color is a hereditary disease of dogs of weakened colors (blue, yellowish-brown). Puppies appear normal at birth, but between 6 months. and for 2 years, the hair begins to fall out on the lower part of the body until it is completely lost. Often seen in Dachshunds, Chow Chows, Silky Terriers, Pinschers, Yorkshire Terriers, Great Danes, Whippets, Newfoundlands, Bernese Mountain Dogs, Shelties, Chihuahuas, Poodles.
Flaws in feeding are necessarily reflected in the condition of the pet’s skin and coat.
- With a lack of high-quality proteins, the hair becomes brittle and falls out easily.
- With a lack of vitamins B6, B12, biotin, the wool becomes dull, rough, the skin flakes.
- Lack of unsaturated fatty acids causes dullness and brittle hair.
- Zinc deficiency can cause zinc-dependent dermatosis, to which Siberian huskies and malamutes are especially prone.
Wool. one of the main indicators of a dog’s health
Pathological causes of hair loss
Hair loss that should not be normal. Cases of diffuse (throughout the body) and focal prolapse require close attention, consultation and, almost always, the help of a veterinarian.
The causes of pathological molting can be roughly divided into two groups:
There are many probable diseases that are accompanied by hair loss and the clinical picture is often similar, which makes it difficult to diagnose “by eye”.
- The doctor conducts a thorough examination, collects an anamnesis;
- Takes scrapings from the skin and checks them under a microscope for the presence of fungi and parasites;
- Prescribes a general and biochemical blood test;
- Other research as needed.
In other words, these are diseases caused by harmful microorganisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses, external and internal parasites), which are transmitted from one animal to another by contact, as well as through care items, less often food.
Fungus (mycosis). caused by a group of pathogenic fungi. Usually it is trichophytosis and microsporia, popularly known as “lichen”. Transmitted to humans. Malassezia is less common, she loves wet places: ears, armpits, sweet lips. The external manifestation of a fungal infection can be different, from small bald patches to large areas of the body with dandruff and wounds or without. Localization on the nose, other parts of the head, on the body, on the legs. The fungus, as a rule, develops against the background of reduced immunity. If the risk of infection is high, veterinarians recommend getting your dog vaccinated against fungal infections. For treatment, antifungal ointments and sprays, serums, immunostimulants, vitamin therapy are used.
A receding hairline on a dog’s nose caused by a fungal infection
Mites. Some types of mites live in the skin and subcutaneous tissue, causing severe itching, dermatitis and hair loss (often in patches) in their habitats. In dogs, sarcoptic mange (scabies), demodicosis and otodectosis (ear mites) are more common. It is transmitted by contact. Prevention consists in proper grooming of the coat, use of antiparasitic drugs and maintaining health. It is treated with the use of acaricidal agents in the form of ointments, shampoos, sprays, less often injections, symptomatic treatment is carried out, an additional course of immunostimulants and vitamins is prescribed.
Fleas, lice, lice. fleas and lice feed on blood. Often they cause the so-called flea dermatitis, which is accompanied by itching, scratching wounds and hair loss as a result of mechanical damage. It is observed for some time after getting rid of the parasites. Hair beetles, unlike blood-sucking ones, feed on particles of wool and skin, from which bald spots and dandruff appear. For treatment, insecticides (ointments, sprays, shampoos), antipruritics are prescribed.
The dog can scratch and shed also in the presence of other diseases that cannot be identified at home. One of them. demodicosis, is caused by mites living in the skin. There are two types of ailment:
- Generalized. the entire body of the animal is affected, especially the paws and ears. common in older dogs. It is characterized by severe itching. It begins due to a weakened immunity of a subsequently transferred illness or taking medications.
- Local. causes molting on the forelegs and in the muzzle. common in puppies. In some cases, it passes without a trace in 1-2 months, in others, it degenerates into a more serious generalized form. Can be inherited.
Hair loss in a dog. causes, treatment, prevention
If the coat has not begun to grow, it is recommended to be tested for hormones.
The dog’s nose hair falls out. this can be a problem due to sun dermatitis, fungus or mites. Also, a lack of zinc can provoke hair loss on the nose of a dachshund. In this case, the skin becomes hard and begins to peel off. To eliminate this phenomenon, it is necessary to show the pet to a dermatologist who will take all the necessary tests and prescribe treatment.
If you find that a dog has a hairless spot on its leg, then most likely the dachshund has been infected with various parasites and pests. Most often, ringworm causes hairless spots. The skin becomes inflamed due to frequent exposure to parasites, it becomes hypersensitive to bites. Because of this, dandruff occurs, in addition to the skin, the claws can become inflamed, as well as focal hair loss in dogs, hair loss with the formation of crusts.
Sometimes the owners of their pets find that the dog’s fur is worn out under the collar. This phenomenon is often observed. Worried owners immediately start thinking, looking for an answer to the question: “Will the wool be restored or not?” The coat can be restored if you wear the collar on the dog as little as possible, or at least loosen it so that it does not press or rub against the hairline. Often many owners forget to take it off after a walk. Thus, the dachshund is in it regularly, which leads to abundant hair loss around the neck.
The puppy has lost hair after vaccination. any dog can also face this phenomenon. The reason for the observed can be an allergic reaction of the body to the drug injected into it. Or weakened immunity, which failed when interacting with the vaccine, led to such consequences. In addition to hair loss, dachshunds may itch and peel off the skin. In this case, you need the help of a specialist.
If the dog itches and gnaws at the hair near the tail, then its seemingly rather strange behavior can be explained either by the presence of parasites that bite the skin, causing great anxiety to the animal, or by an allergic reaction, most often accompanied by severe itching. To get to the real cause, you need to take the dog to the doctor’s appointment. The owner is unlikely to be able to independently diagnose and identify the objective cause. Do not skimp on the treatment of your four-legged friends! Take care of pets, carefully monitor their health and appearance!
The most common factor causing shedding and severe itching in an animal is allergies. As you know, dogs often suffer from allergic reactions, and they are caused not only by improperly selected food or poor-quality food, but also by:
- any medications your pet has recently taken
- non-wash human shampoos;
- synthetic materials used for sewing cheap overalls;
- cleaning agents for cleaning carpets, floors and other surfaces that the dog may come into contact with;
- house dust in poorly cleaned rooms;
- pollen from flowering plants and trees.
So, if your dog’s fur crawls out in clumps, it itches a lot, sometimes even to blood and often licks itself, most likely the cause of all this is an allergy. To diagnose it in a clinical setting, you need to do an allergo test.
A little tip: remember if you added any new foods to your pet’s diet shortly before he started to itch.
The scabies mite is a parasite, which can be infected not only by a dog, but also by a person. An animal that has caught scabies quickly loses its coat. First, the hair falls out around the mouth and eyes, then separate areas of baldness spread throughout the body. As a rule, at the initial stage of the disease, the area of these areas does not exceed 1-2 cm, but later they combine and become much more noticeable, leading to extensive baldness.
Scabies is characterized by excruciating itching, forcing the four-legged pet to constantly itch. It is diagnosed only with the help of tests that can be passed in any veterinary clinic. It is dangerous to leave this disease without treatment, since it not only gives the animal noticeable discomfort, but can also lead to serious complications.
Hair loss in puppies and adult dogs: main causes
An express analysis for lichen is done with you using a lamp or microscopy. Sowing on Saburo is more accurate, but it takes 2 weeks. The drug for lichen. the Vakderm vaccine, costs about 60-70 rubles, well, another 50, depending on the clinic (but they could have counted as much as possible. like vaccination (but this is already chaos If lichen, then it is necessary to put down 3 injections with an interval of a week. In total, all treatment should cost the amount of one injection. Deprive the sore is interesting. Fungi can normally be on the animal, but do not cause disease, and in case of problems with immunity, they will appear But it’s not a fact that your dog has lichen. Maybe it’s really vitamin deficiency, maybe demodicosis. Maybe something else. In general, ask around the familiar dog owners, they can recommend a normal veterinary specialist. will say.
And further. 5 days ago I bathed the puppy with “Russian Champion” shampoo from fleas and ectoparasites. Or maybe it’s an allergy and that’s why the wool falls out? But it took 5 days. If you are allergic, then why 5 days, and not a day, another? We need your advice, friends! What to do?
Skin sores. mulion, the clinical picture in your dog is uncharacteristic, so go to the doctor.
03-09-2012 23: 43quote: Originally posted by annrnd: the fur on the back is soiled and after stroking with a wet hand, the whole hand is covered in wool
Is it an awn or an undercoat? Is the skin exposed?
At this age, puppies continue to change puppy hair to adult hair. Therefore, it is not surprising that there are a lot of hairs on the floor. If the puppy does not scratch violently certain places (chest, armpits, bites the hair over the tail. all these are signs of allergies? Primarily to food), then your worries are in vain. With age, molting will decrease, but will not stop. it is too warm in apartments and therefore seasonal molting stretches throughout the year.
than two months have passed. During this time, 2 vakderm injections were made. The back was overgrown with wool, began to shine and even curl. Everything seemed to be restored, the wool began to fall out less. So thank you very much for your advice! So the diagnosis was correct! Only on the muzzle, head and paws is the old, puppy’s hair, which, when pulled out, is easily plucked. Is that how it should be? By what age does the dog completely change its coat and overgrow it with a new one??
The change of wool ends by 6-7 months, followed by molting in spring and autumn. If the dog lives in an apartment, then a slight loss of hair may be during the heating season.
taksaAgata21-11-2012 15: 43quote: Originally posted by annrnd: So the diagnosis was correct!
Is depriving. the correct diagnosis? They wrote to you right away. a divorce. And it was in vain that such a serious drug was injected already 2 times, all the more so for a puppy. The usual puppy molt, after which an adult guard coat grows. In the future, the undercoat will fall out, and it is easy to pull it out with your fingers.
Methods for hair loss in dogs
Untimely, it is not known what reason the provoked bald spots on the dog’s coat are accompanied by such signs as low mobility, indifference to food, drowsiness, apathy.
Often, the owners are puzzled over why the dog’s hair falls out in winter. After all, the natural process of dumping wool occurs only in the autumn and spring. If you notice hair loss in a dog in winter and at the same time found scratches, reddened areas, then most likely the dachshund has dermatitis, which must be treated very carefully due to the vagueness of its diagnosis. In this case, it is necessary to consult with a specialist.
Causes of hair loss in dogs
To understand why the dog’s fur is coming out, the owner needs to take a closer look at the affected parts of the body. If hair loss is observed in symmetrical areas, then, most likely, a hormonal failure has occurred in the dog’s body. If the damaged areas are located in a chaotic manner, then the reason lies not in hormonal disorders, it has nothing to do with hormones.
The most common reasons include:
Regardless of breed, all dogs moult twice a year. It is a natural process of replacing old hair and seasonal adaptation of the coat to changing climatic conditions. By the winter season, the coat becomes denser and thicker, overgrown with undercoat. Closer to warmth, the cover layer becomes thicker, which serves as protection against overheating. This is a normal process.
Pets, in comparison with street cousins, are not so susceptible to temperature changes. They shed almost constantly. Therefore, the main rule of grooming is combing the coat. Comb the pet, preferably every day. This is especially true for pets of long-haired breeds. The essence of the procedure is that old hairs are removed.
The set of tools for this procedure includes:
- Comb with metal rounded teeth. With its help, the cover and guard hair is combed.
- Slicker brush. The dead undercoat is combed out.
- Massage brush. The best option is a brush with natural bristles.
- For pets with coarse coats, you need to purchase a grass trimmer. special knife for plucking wool.
- Mitten made of coarse thick fabric for cleaning from grease and dust.
If the owners take care of their pet’s coat correctly, then the hair will be thick, shiny and healthy. But it may turn out that even with good grooming, the dog’s hair falls out. The owners should not disregard this fact and be sure to find out why the dog’s fur is climbing.
If the dog has sores and hair falls out, then this is probably a manifestation of hormonal disorders.
- Growth hormone. somatropin is poorly produced. Most often this problem occurs in males during puberty.
- Manifestation of Cushing’s syndrome. Alopecia begins as a result of an overabundance of a hormone such as cortisol. During this period, the pet quickly gains weight and drinks a lot of fluids, and the skin sags and loses its elasticity. Another symptom of this syndrome is loss of urinary control.
- Excess or lack of estrogen also leads to hair loss. Sterilized bitches most often suffer from this.
- Hypothyroidism is an insufficient activity of the thyroid hormone. Bald spots on the paws, back, abdomen, and neck appear in dogs.
The owners noticed that the dog’s hair is falling out, what to do. this is a question every animal owner asks himself in panic.
- Contact your veterinarian immediately.
- There is no universal recipe. The doctor will examine the pet, prescribe tests, if necessary, and prescribe the treatment.
- With hormonal disorders, hormone therapy is prescribed, when parasites are detected, drops are prescribed, and with a weakened immune system. drugs to increase immunity.
With vitamin deficiency, the veterinarian will select vitamins for dogs against hair loss.
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There is no need to get involved in self-medication, otherwise there is a chance to leave your dog without hair at all.
The hair follicle can begin to break down if the animal is deficient in B vitamins. In this case, the dog’s hair falls out. Even high quality dry food cannot prevent hair loss in dogs.
Observing the condition of the cutting element of animals can help to find out why dogs are losing hair. So, increased fat content on the skin and dulling of the coat appears with a lack of vitamin A, bald spots in a dog may appear with a lack of copper.
Excess vitamins can be harmful, so they should be given to the pet in courses in accordance with the recommendations of the veterinarian.
The diet must be balanced. The pet should not eat food from the person’s table. Read the rules of nutrition, get advice from a veterinarian.
A properly formed diet with the addition of vitamins and microelements will prevent hair loss in dogs.
An allergic reaction can occur:
- for improperly selected feed.
- on the use of antibiotics;
- for the use of hormonal contraceptives.
If you notice that the dog’s hair is falling out around the eyes, and tufts are hanging from the back and sides, then most likely this is an allergic reaction. Dandruff on the back of a dog can also be one of the manifestations of an allergy. If you suspect an allergy, you should definitely visit your veterinarian.
Improper hair care
Often the owners cannot understand why the dog is balding.
It happens that the answer is on the surface. they wash their pet with shampoos and gels that are not intended for them. It is for this reason that dandruff appears in the dog and hair falls out.
You don’t need to bathe your pet weekly. For long-haired breeds, the best option is monthly washing, and other breeds. not more often than once every six months.
Diseases and parasites
If you notice that your dog’s hair is falling out in tufts, then your pet may have been attacked by parasites. Be sure to inspect the animal. Eaters, lice or fleas can settle in the wool. Their presence is not difficult to determine. it is enough to examine the thighs and hair at the base of the tail.
If the dog has bald patches on the back, and the skin on them is reddish, this is a cause for serious concern. The disease is called “ringworm”, it is dangerous for humans. Therefore, you need to go to the clinic to the veterinarian for treatment.
The dog’s hair falls out in places what to do and how to treat
If the dog is not planned for breeding, it is better to spay it. Thus, you can get rid of shedding. When shedding intensifies, against the background of which the dog’s skin color has changed and bald patches appear, you should contact your veterinarian. Perhaps these are signs of some serious illness.
All dogs, regardless of breed, shed. But there are breeds that do not shed abundantly.
These breeds include the Irish Water Spaniel, Spanish Water Dog, Giant Schnauzer, Russian Black Terrier, Bichon Frize, Chinese Crested, Yorkshire Terrier, Mexican Hairless, Poodle, Shih Tzu, Miniature Schnauzer, Dandy Dinmont Terrier, Bedlington Terrier. maltese, havanese bichon, coton de tulear.
Like human hair, dog hair is constantly changing. But it happens especially intensively in shedding dogs twice a year. in autumn and spring (especially strongly).
Most of all, dogs shed outside. Sometimes the owner of the puppy can be confused by the sudden and rather strong molting of the puppy, especially not in the proper season.
Moulting time in dogs
Some breeds have a long and plentiful shedding period, while other dogs shed all year round, shedding a small amount of hair daily. Usually, pets shed twice a year:
- in the fall, usually in September, light summer coat is shed and a thick warm undercoat is built up, the pet visually increases in volume, becomes softer and fluffier;
- in late spring, usually in May, the undercoat falls out. Spring shedding in dogs lasts less than autumn shedding.
Moulting times in dogs vary, with seasonal molting lasting about 1-3 weeks. In pets living in an apartment, the timing of molting can change, and instead of a seasonal change, there is a year-round hair loss due to the constant air temperature.
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What to do if your dog sheds heavily?
In heated and artificially lit houses, the animal’s brain does not receive a signal that a change of fur is required, the bodies of pets are not exposed to natural temperatures, especially if the animals spend most of their time in the apartment and walk very little. The body does not notice the change of seasons and there is no abundant molting period. As a result, molting occurs on an ongoing basis in small quantities every day.
Causes of shedding in dogs
Seasonal shedding in dogs is a natural process, but hair loss can occur for other reasons.
One of the reasons is dehydration, that is, lack of access to water and lack of water in food lead to dry skin, as a result, there is abundant shedding, and in some cases, dehydration leads to the development of diseases.
As a result of poor nutrition or disease, the body does not receive the nutrients necessary for the health of the coat and skin, the condition of the skin and coat deteriorates, and the hair begins to fall out.
Bitches are known to shed before heat. Therefore, this factor should also be taken into account if an off-season molt suddenly begins. Age-related shedding and shedding are considered normal in bitches that have stopped breastfeeding.
Infection with parasites, such as fleas, is accompanied by itching, which makes the animal feel like itching. Animals that itch frequently lose more hair.
Hair loss can be triggered by stress, for example, during pregnancy, moving house, surgery.
Abundant molting can be observed in pets living in an apartment where the air temperature is high. Heat can cause hair to fall out regardless of the season. The optimum maximum air temperature in the room should not exceed 26 degrees.
Heavy shedding in a dog, the appearance of bald spots and dandruff, skin problems and strong scratching in the absence of parasites, frequent licking is a reason to contact your veterinarian.
When does dog shedding begin?
The very first coat changes by 1.5 months, and in some breeds the color of the coat also changes, which becomes darker or, on the contrary, lighter.
The age-related first molt in dogs begins no earlier than 6 months of age, during which the downy coat changes to a harder and denser one. In some pets, the coat is formed for several years and becomes characteristic of adult animals only after a few molts.
However, in some cases, the age-related first molt in dogs can begin at 3.5-4 months, when the guard hair begins to grow. The hair change process can last up to a year, and in some breeds it can take up to 2 years.