The dog’s hair falls out. What to do
In dogs, the coat is the first indicator of its health, along with a wet, cold nose, good appetite and high activity. And naturally, when a dog’s hair falls out, inexperienced pet owners may start to panic. What this symptom can talk about and, most importantly, what to do in such a situation?
Why does dog hair fall out?
If the seasonal molt becomes protracted, the pet turns into a sluggish, constantly sleeping and running little animal. In this case, it is worth contacting a specialist for advice. Among the most common factors leading to a dog’s hair loss are the following:
- Improper nutrition. Among others, this is the most common cause. Quite often, pet owners are not aware of their dietary needs. For example, it is believed that dry food contains everything a dog needs and no additional elements are required. However, even with such a diet, the animal, especially during the period of its active growth, bearing offspring, after past diseases, needs to be supplemented with vitamin preparations and healthy foods. And it is extremely important to maintain a balance so that the dog’s body does not become oversaturated. Veterinarians especially recommend adding a small amount of olive oil to your pet’s food, as the unsaturated fatty acids it contains help to improve the structure of the coat.
- Parasitic organisms. Dogs are at risk of contracting various parasites throughout their lives. Lice, fleas, itch mites and more, they all negatively affect the health of the pet, including the condition of the coat. If the dog is constantly itching, while pulling out shreds of fur, bald patches, sticky tangles appear on the skin in places, then most likely the reason is this. Most parasites can be seen with the naked eye, but sometimes only a specialist will be able to identify the culprit of hair loss. For treatment, special means are used. drops, shampoos, liquids, sprays. Veterinarians recommend, especially in the warm season of the year, to wear a flea collar on your pet. There may also be lice in the dog’s coat.
- Ringworm. This pathology of an infectious nature is considered quite dangerous. Among the main symptoms, the formation of fungi, hyperemia and broken ends of the hair were noted, the accumulations of which form bald patches. In this case, only the correct therapy with the use of antibiotics, a competent rehabilitation period and good care will help. All this will contribute to the restoration of the coat. Doctors warn that people can also get ringworm. Therefore, at the slightest manifestation, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian.
- Allergic manifestations. Not only people are susceptible to allergies, but also our smaller brothers. And because of this, they can lose their hair. Dry food, medicines, hormonal contraceptives, detergents can provoke this condition. Dogs with allergies often itch, trying to gnaw the fur, often while tearing the skin to blood.
- Immune system disorder. The weakening of immunity can occur for various reasons. after serious illnesses, for example, dog plague, viral ailments, when infected with helminthic invasions. Having eliminated the root cause, you can start restoring the immune system (how to do this, the veterinarian will tell you) and the coat will eventually acquire a healthy look and the same density.
- The dog itself provokes hair loss. Excessive cleanliness can also cause hair loss. If the pet licks the fur for a long time and thoroughly every time and bites out the dirt, then the areas that are often treated in this way may turn red, become covered with irritation, or even be completely hairless. Such behavior may indicate neurological disorders, and in this case, sedatives and special protective devices are prescribed.
- Improper hair care. This includes the following errors:
- you can not use detergents and shampoos that are not intended for the care of dogs;
- it is not recommended to comb the pet more often than the peculiarities of caring for this breed require;
- express methods for making the coat look perfect in a short time can cause significant harm;
- frequent washing can worsen the condition of the coat, as the balance of the skin is often disturbed.
- Hormonal disruptions. The main reason for this condition is the regular use of hormonal contraceptives. In addition, veterinarians note that among the consequences of hormonal imbalance, hair loss is the smallest in terms of severity.
The relationship between coat condition and health
If there is a dog in the house, then part of the concern is taking care of its coat. This not only ensures the aesthetic and beautiful appearance of the pet, but also allows you to identify signs of excessive hair loss in time. This phenomenon is a reason for visiting a veterinarian.
A healthy, well-cared dog sheds hair twice a year. in autumn and spring, due to seasonal shedding. In other cases, loss of hair is a signal that the pet has a health problem.
Experts do not recommend feeding the pet with vitamins and a large amount of healthy food during the natural coat change, trying to prevent shedding. Such diligence can cause even greater problems, so you should know when to stop in everything.
It is also not advised to use agents that stimulate hair growth without consulting a specialist, since if there is no special need for them, the dog’s body will receive an “overdose” of substances. In addition, if your pet has serious problems in the body, such therapy will only distract from the search for the real cause of hair loss. Even with the normalization of hair growth, the reason for its loss may remain in the body.
Most often, hair loss is not the only symptom and is accompanied by lethargy, inactivity and hyperemia (redness) of the skin. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the skin.
If we talk about internal disorders, then this may be a failure in the functional activity of the immune system, metabolic processes, a lack of trace elements and vitamins, etc.
Hair loss unrelated to health and grooming
Dogs are very emotional creatures and it cannot be dismissed that the psychological state of the animal can affect the appearance of the coat. Severe hair loss can be due to stressful situations. surgical interventions, injuries, loss of the owner, getting used to a new home. But you never know the reasons for the upset of the pet?
Often, representatives of breeds that are more suitable for living in an aviary or on the street and have a thick undercoat, there is an all-season molt if they live in apartments. Other breeds can suffer from the same, but to a lesser extent.
In addition, dogs destined for the street, in most cases, shed profusely in the spring, during which time they can very often itch, as shedding causes itching.
Experts also found that representatives of long-haired breeds shed much less often and less intensely than short-haired ones.
What can we say, the loss of hair by a pet brings certain inconveniences to the owners, especially when it comes to keeping a dog in an apartment. Is it possible to help the dog during this period and get rid of hair in the house??
Preventive measures against hair loss
Above all, the owner must be able to distinguish seasonal shedding from disease-related hair loss. If in the first case it is enough to periodically comb out the dog, then in the second one cannot do without a professional examination.
You should not try to engage in treatment on your own, but it is better to pass tests and identify the exact cause of this phenomenon.
If the reason is an unstable hormonal background, then a special hormone therapy is prescribed. If the coat leaves the pet as a result of improper nutrition, then again the veterinarian will help to correct it. Having compiled a full-fledged menu and prescribing vitamin supplements, if necessary, the doctor will help return the shiny and beautiful coat to the pet.
In other words, these are diseases caused by harmful microorganisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses, external and internal parasites), which are transmitted from one animal to another by contact, as well as through care items, less often food.
Fungus (mycosis). caused by a group of pathogenic fungi. Usually it is trichophytosis and microsporia, popularly known as “lichen”. Transmitted to humans. Malassezia is less common, she loves wet places: ears, armpits, sweet lips. The external manifestation of a fungal infection can be different, from small bald patches to large areas of the body with dandruff and wounds or without. Localization on the nose, other parts of the head, on the body, on the legs. The fungus, as a rule, develops against the background of reduced immunity. If the risk of infection is high, veterinarians recommend that your dog be vaccinated against mycoses. For treatment, antifungal ointments and sprays, serums, immunostimulants, vitamin therapy are used.
A receding hairline on a dog’s nose caused by a fungal infection
Mites. Some types of mites live in the skin and subcutaneous tissue, causing severe itching, dermatitis and hair loss (often in patches) in their habitats. In dogs, sarcoptic mange (scabies), demodicosis and otodectosis (ear mites) are more common. It is transmitted by contact. Prevention consists of proper grooming of the coat, use of antiparasitic drugs and maintaining health. It is treated with the use of acaricidal agents in the form of ointments, shampoos, sprays, less often injections, symptomatic treatment is carried out, an additional course of immunostimulants and vitamins is prescribed.
Fleas, lice, lice. fleas and lice feed on blood. Often they cause the so-called flea dermatitis, which is accompanied by itching, scratching wounds and hair loss as a result of mechanical damage. It is observed for some time after getting rid of the parasites. Hair beetles, unlike blood-sucking ones, feed on particles of wool and skin, from which bald spots and dandruff appear. For treatment, insecticides (ointments, sprays, shampoos), antipruritics are prescribed.
Flaws in feeding are necessarily reflected in the condition of the pet’s skin and coat.
- With a lack of high-quality proteins, the hair becomes brittle and falls out easily.
- With a lack of vitamins B6, B12, biotin, the wool becomes dull, rough, the skin flakes.
- Lack of unsaturated fatty acids causes dull and brittle hair.
- Zinc deficiency can cause zinc-dependent dermatosis, to which Siberian huskies and malamutes are especially prone.
Wool. one of the main indicators of a dog’s health
Why does the dog lose hair, what should I do? Baldness causes, treatment
Molting is a natural process that cannot be avoided (does not apply to owners of hairless dog breeds). But sometimes the hair falls out so much that it is alarming. What to do if the dog itches and the coat crawls in shreds or falls out in winter, the hair becomes thin and dull, and bald patches appear in other cases. Possible causes, treatment.
If your dog has a lot of hair loss, this is a cause for concern.
Why does wool fall out in winter
Not all dog breeds are adapted to harsh winters. If, for example, a malamute or a husky becomes even more luxurious, then the coat of thermophilic breeds during the frost period can become scarce and brittle, and some dogs develop an allergy to frost. Sharp temperature changes and dry air in the apartment negatively affect the condition of the cover. Sometimes bald patches appear due to synthetic protective clothing that chafes and irritates the skin.
This is why long-haired dogs should not be trimmed (post-trimming alopecia)
Physiological molting in dogs: when to start to panic?
Dogs with different coat types shed differently.
- Owners of a thick double coat shed very abundantly: German Shepherd, St. Bernard, Husky, Bernese Mountain Dog, others.
- The average degree of molting is typical for short-haired dogs: chihuahua, bulldog, dachshund, others.
- Little or no molting. for hairless dogs or those whose hair grows constantly, requiring regular haircuts: Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese lapdog, Hairless Mexican, American Hairless Terrier, others.
Seasonal (physiological shedding) occurs as a result of normal mosaic hair replacement. It is mainly regulated by the photoperiod (the length of daylight hours), to a lesser extent by the ambient temperature. That is why in dogs kept in apartments, seasonality is poorly expressed, molt is stretched and can be almost year-round. For street dogs, it takes place twice a year: in autumn and spring. Before cold weather, a thick undercoat grows, and with the onset of warmth, the dog quickly gets rid of it, shedding in shreds.
Puppy molt starts at about 3 months and ends by 15 months. During this period, the young soft wool changes to an adult, coarser one. Puppy shedding is better seen in long-haired dogs.
In puppy and lactating dogs, active molt takes place 1.5-2 months after giving birth. Not so much because of a lack of nutrients and vitamins, but because of hormonal changes in the body. It is practically impossible to influence this process. Almost all breeds are susceptible to this, both long-haired and short-haired.
With normal physiological shedding, the pet’s condition is assessed as good, there are no changes in behavior or appearance: greasy hair, dandruff, skin damage or redness, bald areas, diffuse alopecia, the dog does not itch.
Seasonal shedding is stronger in spring when the winter undercoat comes off
Non-communicable diseases in dogs that cause excessive hair loss, patchy or diffuse baldness.
Acanthosis nigricans. manifested by thickening of the skin mainly in the folds. Often develops against the background of diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, obesity, malignant neoplasms, allergic dermatitis, or intertrigo (inflammation of the folds due to friction). Secondary bacterial and yeast infections play a significant role in development. Predisposition is noted in dachshunds.
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Adenitis of the sebaceous glands is a destructive inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands. often recorded in young dogs of the Poodle breed, Hungarian Vizsla, Chinese Crested, Samoyed. Probably inherited. In short-haired breeds, islet alopecia is observed, and in long-haired breeds, diffuse (can spread over time to the whole body).
Allergies and atopic dermatitis. Allergies are reactions to certain internal or external stimuli called allergens. The immune system of an allergic dog reacts to them excessively or inadequately. Often appears on the skin with redness, itching, hair loss.
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that begins at a young age and continues into adulthood with periodic relapses. In fact, this is an allergy to an undefined substance, which can be pollen, dust, smoke, detergent, and so on. It is difficult to establish and exclude from life. The disease is classified as hereditary. Common with food and other contact allergies in these breeds: Boxer, Cocker Spaniel, Dalmatian, Bulldog, Fox Terrier, Labrador, Golden Retriever, Black Schnauzer, Pug, Terriers.
The manifestation of atopic dermatitis on the abdomen of a Dalmatian
Baldness in dogs with weakened color is a hereditary disease of dogs of weakened colors (blue, yellowish-brown). Puppies appear normal at birth, but between 6 months. and for 2 years, the hair begins to fall out on the lower part of the body until it is completely lost. Often seen in Dachshunds, Chow Chows, Silky Terriers, Pinschers, Yorkshire Terriers, Great Danes, Whippets, Newfoundlands, Bernese Mountain Dogs, Shelties, Chihuahuas, Poodles.
There are many probable diseases that are accompanied by hair loss and the clinical picture is often similar, which makes it difficult to diagnose “by eye”.
- The doctor conducts a thorough examination, collects an anamnesis;
- Takes scrapings from the skin and checks them under a microscope for the presence of fungi and parasites;
- Prescribes a general and biochemical blood test;
- Other research as needed.
An alarming sign. hair loss in a dog and severe itching of the skin: what to do?
The dog’s behavior and various factors that not all owners pay attention to can serve as signs of a disease in a pet. Does your pet itch and lose hair? Does your dog have itchy and flaky skin? There is something to think about. But hair loss does not always mean a disease. In this article, we will take a closer look at this issue.
Causes of hair loss
To know how to react to the manifestations of signs of hair loss in a dog, you first need to understand the causes. Of course, hair loss around the eyes and on the body may indicate that some changes are taking place in the body. However, they do not always talk about a critical health condition that should be treated. It so happens that the signs are due to safe factors. Sometimes not.
Below we will take a closer look at the causes of hair loss. In the video from the author of the Children of Fauna channel, we also find out the causes of itching. Find out why the skin flakes and itches.
In addition to hormonal surges that lead to hair loss, there are other diseases that require immediate treatment.
- Molting. This phenomenon depends on the breed and size of the dog, as well as the type of coat. Puppies usually molt between 3 and 10 months of age. For some, it goes away with profuse hair loss, as a result of which the puppy even boasts patchy skin by the end of the molt.
In adult dogs, molting occurs twice a year, usually associated with the season. At this time, the pet needs special care. In addition to seasonal reasons, there are also those associated with childbirth in the female, or with stress. Another reason for shedding can be bathing the puppy with the use of special substances. They can weaken the hairline and leave the coat brittle and dry.
- Allergy. Allergies are sometimes associated with hair loss, especially around the eyes, itching and redness of the skin. Allergies are most common in dogs and are more common than their owners realize. Its causes are unhealthy diet, various seasonal allergens and even fleas.
- Parasites. Another cause of itching and hair loss around the eyes is a parasitic disease caused by mites. There are two types of scabies: sarcoptic mange and demodectic mange. Demodectic mange can occur at any age during a period of weakened immunity. In puppies, it often clears up on its own and does not require treatment. Hair loss begins around the eyes and mouth and is accompanied by itching.
- Solar dermatitis also causes hair loss on the face, around the eyes and nose. If the disease is left untreated, the pet may develop ulcers. This disease affects animals with slightly pigmented and unpigmented skin of the nose.
- Ringworm. A fungal infection, that is, ringworm, has been implicated in hair loss in dogs. It is determined by the fact that on the skin of the dog there are scaly, crusted rounded areas, in which there is no hair at all.
- Dandruff may occasionally occur in a pet. Dandruff affects the skin and hair follicles. The pet’s coat becomes dry and brittle.
- Vitamin deficiency also leads to hair loss. If there is a lack of zinc in the animal’s body, its skin can become hard and scaly. All hair falls out on the nose, around the eyes, on the elbow joints. Sometimes the crumb begins to crack on the pet’s paws.
- Childbirth and lactation in bitches can also cause loss of vegetation.
There are other diseases as well. There are even some that are peculiar to certain breeds of dogs. In order not to start baldness, you need to check the dog in a timely manner.
The treatment cannot be carried out independently with the use of any medicinal herbs. All drugs must be prescribed by a specialist.
Prevention and treatment of pet hair loss
Every dog, no matter what breed, deserves good treatment, care and timely treatment. The opinion that smooth-haired pets do not shed profusely, and therefore do not require special efforts to care for their hair and skin, is mistaken.
All pets should be brushed at least once a week and bathed once every 2-4 months. Bathing your pet depends on the breed and the degree of contamination of the coat. For example, show dogs and pets participating in the show need special care with the use of various special products, while for an ordinary dog, it is enough to apply shampoo and antiparasitic agents.
If your pet itches, and upon examination, you notice suspicious bald patches that cause itching, you should not figure out on your own why the pet has changed. You need to immediately go to the veterinarian for a consultation to understand why the dog is losing hair.
Once the diagnosis is established, treatment can be started. This will help stop the development of the disease and the spread of parasites to other animals and people.
Regularly, to protect your pet from food allergies and prevent worms, you need to ensure physical activity and make up a competent balanced diet. It is also worth limiting your pet from contact with stray animals that can carry diseases, and not walking in suspicious places.
If you closely monitor your pet, and also catch yourself in time at the first signs of hair loss on the face, around the eyes and nose, nothing bad will happen. The pet’s coat will become shiny and thick again, and the skin will stop itching and itching. A pleasant exterior of a pet will be not only his, but also your business card.
Why does your pet itch and go bald? Why is his skin peeling? The reason may lie in some kind of hormonal disease.
- Failure to produce somatropin (growth hormone) leads to the fact that the dog begins to symmetrically lose hair. This problem is more common in males during puberty. often dog breeds such as boxer, pomeranian, poodle and others are exposed to this.
- Cushing’s syndrome is also a common problem. It is characterized by hair loss all over the body. This is caused by the excess of the hormone cortisol in the dog’s body. The symptoms of the syndrome are excessive thirst and weight gain. In this case, the animal may suffer from uncontrolled urination. The abdomen becomes flabby and saggy. It should be noted that these symptoms can also appear when taking steroids.
- An excess of estrogen in a dog’s body can also lead to hair loss. The other extreme is estrogen deficiency. This phenomenon is observed in adult spayed females, which is determined by a decrease in the growth rate and a thinning of the coat. At the same time, the pet’s skin can become smooth and soft.
- Hypothyroidism When a dog’s body lacks thyroid hormone, hypothyroidism occurs. In this case, the dog becomes lethargic and flabby. Due to the deterioration of immunity, resistance to various infectious diseases decreases. The coat becomes thinner and begins to thin on the neck and chest, then on the sides, on the back, thighs and in the upper part of the tail.
It happens that a person himself is the cause of what is happening to a pet. Animals that live on the street in a booth or in an aviary and do not receive various delicacies from the owner that provoke diabetes or overweight, and do not know about such diseases. And a pet that is in close contact with the owner may even run the risk of contracting the “master’s” diseases. Among other things, you should not stuff your dog with all sorts of hormonal pills, for example, birth control. It also leads to hair loss.
After giving birth, the dog loses hair
It is believed that baldness after the appearance of offspring is quite a normal situation. Almost always, no intervention from the owner is required, gradually the coat grows back and the dog has enough quality nutrition and vitamin as prescribed by the veterinarian. Even when the dog’s hair fell out and did not have time to grow back in a couple of months, there is no need to rush with the preparations. Some breeds lose their coat after they finish feeding their puppies.
The dog is losing hair on the ears
- If the hair fell on the ears of a dachshund dog, it is worth checking the diagnosis of acanthosis black, typical of this breed.
- Solar dermatitis in breeds with low pigmented skin has become an urgent problem. The main danger in the appearance of ulcers in the affected areas.
- An ear mite in the warm season is a likely source of the problem, because its appearance gradually depletes the hair cover up to hair loss.
- The dog has developed lichen, but the incubation period is long. Deprive is not always accompanied by severe itching, therefore, it is not possible to recognize the problem in time.
- Lack of vitamins A, E leads to a deterioration in the condition of the skin and coat. The faster the problem manifests itself in a thin and vulnerable part of the body. on the ears of the pet.
The dog has hair loss and redness of the skin
Weeping wound with a red tint. typical for eczema. The source of the problem is parasites, allergies to food or care products, sometimes this is a consequence of poor-quality combing of the undercoat. Hormonal abnormalities become the reason why the dog’s fur climbs strongly from the genital area. Redness is often the result of constantly scratching the affected area or licking wounds.
The dog has dandruff and hair loss
A hereditary condition of increased fat content of the skin is the reason that the dog’s skin peels off and hair falls out. There are two forms of this disease: oily and dry, often both of them occur simultaneously, which complicates treatment. The dog actively licks the hair from the affected areas, scratches it, this leads to the formation of crusts and secondary infection.
The dog’s hair falls out on the back
The back in the area of the withers is always more prone to baldness, since vaccinations and insect treatments are applied to this part of the body. When the dog’s hair falls out strongly in these places, you need to examine the wound:
- The area of the croup and sides of the back after baldness appears with eczema. These are the so-called weeping wounds. If the combing of the fur during molting was of poor quality, parasites appeared or the animal did not take new food and shampoo, such reactions are quite expected.
- If the hormonal background of the dog is normal, but the bald patch is located symmetrically, it may be adenitis of the sebaceous glands. This disease occurs in poodles, it is dangerous by infection of hair follicles.
Hair falls out on the dog’s tail
- The secretion of sebum is source of nutrition for the coat, and when a dog’s hair falls out in places, this may be a signal of a failure in this very nutrition. If the gland secretes too much fat, it leads to baldness. Experts even gave the name to the problem “shabby tail”. Everything is solved by using salicylic acid and tar soap to remove excess fat and disinfect.
- Lice and fleas for the dog become source of helminth infection. Even after a one-time treatment and destruction of parasites, a clutch of eggs may remain on the dog, and this is again a bald tail after a while. Therefore, control by the owner. the first and most important point on the road to recovery. Additionally, if the dog’s hair falls out, a course of vitamins is prescribed to restore the hair coat.
The dog itches a lot and hair falls out
In the overwhelming majority, this combination of symptoms indicates an allergy or the presence of parasites. If we are talking about a young pet that has begun to actively itch, lose hair, you should check it for demodicosis. A mite that causes baldness and scabies can ruin the life of a dog of any breed, but it is more common in Chapree and Bull Terriers. Another reason why a dog itches and falls out is a scabies mite infection. If the bald spots are painted in a characteristic pink color and covered with a crust, the animal is infected with ringworm.
Why does a dog lose hair??
Only a specialist can answer the question, but not without the help of the owner of his patient. The reasons why a dog’s fur climbs are conventionally divided into two categories: hormonal and non-hormonal. Hormonal diseases associated with loss of hair:
- a lack or excess of estrogen leads to a gradual depletion of hairs, and then the dog’s hair falls out;
- significant hair loss is observed in Cushing’s syndrome, when there is an excess of a certain hormone in the dog’s body, there is a sharp weight gain and constant thirst;
- when the dog is actively gaining weight, the hairs on the body begin to break off and all this is accompanied by lethargy, there is a possibility of hypothyroidism;
- there is a whole list of breeds that are characterized by growth hormone deficiency, it causes baldness in a young animal during puberty.
A dog can also lose its hairline for other reasons that have nothing to do with an excess or lack of hormones:
- many breeds begin to lose hair too actively during molting;
- stress or a strong shock quite noticeably affects the appearance of the dog, its hair falls out after moving or visiting a veterinarian, many pets react to changing food or shampoo;
- bald patches in certain areas are sometimes a problem of a particular breed, for a dachshund, acanthosis is considered a typical disease, a Doberman often has color mutational alopecia;
- allergic reactions are diagnosed in the vast majority of cases, in such a situation, hair loss is accompanied by scabies or dandruff;
- for a young organism, parasites become the cause;
- the dog’s hair falls out in case of bacterial and viral infections.
The most common factor causing shedding and severe itching in an animal is allergies. As you know, dogs often suffer from allergic reactions, and they are caused not only by improperly selected food or poor-quality food, but also by:
- any medications your pet has recently taken
- non-wash human shampoos;
- synthetic materials used for sewing cheap overalls;
- cleaning agents for cleaning carpets, floors and other surfaces that the dog may come into contact with;
- house dust in poorly cleaned rooms;
- pollen from flowering plants and trees.
So, if your dog’s fur comes out in clumps, it itches a lot, sometimes even to blood and often licks itself, most likely the cause of all this is an allergy. To diagnose it in a clinical setting, you need to do an allergo test.
A little tip: remember if you added any new foods to your pet’s diet shortly before it started to itch.
We have listed the main reasons why a dog can shed hair and itch. Of course, there are other factors that cause similar problems, such as fungus (lichen). With ringworm, the animal’s body develops itchy, rounded, pinkish, crusty areas of bare skin. Such a fungus is dangerous because it is easily transmitted to humans, therefore, when in contact with a pet, you must be careful and wear rubber gloves.
The correct diagnosis can be made only after the dog has been examined by a doctor, best of all with the use of a special lamp. In addition, the veterinarian will take scrapings to determine the presence of ectoparasites.
All materials of the section “Taking care of your pet’s fur”.
What to do if your dog sheds?
The first signs of piroplasmosis in dogs
What is leptospirosis?
Often, pet owners are faced with such a common phenomenon. the puppy’s hair falls out. The owners should know and remember about the peculiarities of the organism of their four-legged friends. seasonal molt. This period, during which hair loss occurs, is not dangerous to the health of the dachshund, does not entail any serious consequences and is considered a normal process. However, if you notice an abundant loss of hair in a dog long before the above-mentioned period, then here it is really worth worrying.
Hair loss in a dog. causes, treatment, prevention
If the coat has not begun to grow, it is recommended to be tested for hormones.
The dog’s nose hair falls out. this can be a problem due to sun dermatitis, fungus or mites. Also, a lack of zinc can provoke hair loss on the nose of a dachshund. In this case, the skin becomes hard and begins to peel off. To eliminate this phenomenon, it is necessary to show the pet to a dermatologist who will take all the necessary tests and prescribe treatment.
If you find that a dog has a hairless spot on its leg, then most likely the dachshund has been infected with various parasites and pests. Most often, ringworm causes hairless spots. The skin becomes inflamed due to frequent exposure to parasites, it becomes hypersensitive to bites. Because of this, dandruff occurs, in addition to the skin, claws can become inflamed, as well as focal hair loss in dogs, hair loss with the formation of crusts.
Sometimes the owners of their pets find that the dog’s fur is worn out under the collar. This phenomenon is often observed. Worried owners immediately start thinking, looking for an answer to the question: “Will the wool be restored or not?” The coat can be restored if you wear the collar on the dog as little as possible, or at least loosen it so that it does not press or rub against the hairline. Often many owners forget to take it off after a walk. Thus, the dachshund is in it regularly, which leads to abundant hair loss around the neck.
The puppy’s hair fell out after vaccination. any dog can also encounter this phenomenon. The reason for the observed can be an allergic reaction of the body to the drug injected into it. Or weakened immunity, which failed when interacting with the vaccine, led to such consequences. In addition to hair loss, dachshunds may itch and peel off the skin. In this case, you need the help of a specialist.
If a dog itches and gnaws at the hair near the tail, then its seemingly rather strange behavior can be explained either by the presence of parasites that bite the skin, causing great anxiety to the animal, or by an allergic reaction, most often accompanied by severe itching. To get to the real cause, you need to take the dog to the doctor’s appointment. The owner is unlikely to be able to independently diagnose and identify the objective cause. Do not skimp on the treatment of your four-legged friends! Take care of pets, carefully monitor their health and appearance!
The scabies mite is a parasite, which can be infected not only by a dog, but also by a person. An animal that has caught scabies quickly loses its coat. First, the hair falls out around the mouth and eyes, then some areas of baldness spread throughout the body. As a rule, at the initial stage of the disease, the area of these areas does not exceed 1-2 cm, but later they combine and become much more noticeable, leading to extensive baldness.
Scabies is characterized by excruciating itching, forcing the four-legged pet to constantly itch. It is diagnosed only with the help of tests that can be passed in any veterinary clinic. It is dangerous to leave this disease without treatment, since it not only gives the animal noticeable discomfort, but can also lead to serious complications.
What to do if your dog sheds heavily
If the allergy was caused by food, then it is enough just to exclude it from the menu.
Drat’s puppy loses hair on his back.
Friends, the bottom line is this: the puppy is 3.5 months old. Plump, athletic, playful. The day before yesterday I saw that there was a lot of fallen hair on the floor of the apartment and on the dog’s bedding. I examined and saw that the fur on the back was tinted, and after stroking with a wet hand, the whole hand was covered with wool. I went to the vet, examined and saw nothing wrong with the exception of the falling hair on the back. They said it was necessary to do a scraping for 200 rubles. Done. The next day they said that it was trichophytosis and microsporia and that they needed to be treated with injections of 280 rubles each. In general, I do not mind, but there are questions: 1. Is it a divorce of doctors and is it really lichen? Maybe vitamin deficiency, and I (the dog) are glued with lichen? 2. The dog is domestic, very well-groomed and does not communicate with ANYONE on the street, all the time with me on a leash. Advise what to do and where else to read, consult.
With a doctor, most likely a divorce.
Dogs, our lovely pets, are prone to dandruff and seborrhea just like humans. When a person is faced with such a problem, he roughly imagines how to deal with the noticed phenomenon. But when this is observed in an animal, the owner is puzzled asks himself: “Why does the dog’s fur climb?”, “What was the reason?”, “How to deal with it?” Of course, every caring and attentive owner will be alert and immediately want to figure out why the dachshund has undergone such a disease, how to eliminate the consequences of this disorder.
The dog has peeling skin and hair loss
All pet owners should be aware of this fact. a dog sheds hair all year round in the spring and summer, which is considered a normal and common occurrence, which is called “molting”. This reason for hair loss should not be frightening or alarming, since shedding hair, its renewal is a natural process. However, if it is observed that the dog’s hair is climbing in shreds, the coat has noticeably faded and thinned, then in this case the owner of the dachshund is dealing with a more serious problem.
The dog’s fur crawls in shreds. what to do? Be that as it may, the first step is to seek help from a veterinarian who will conduct a medical examination with all the necessary tests. Only by coordinating your own actions with professional recommendations and the advice of a doctor can you get rid of this disorder. Otherwise, resorting to alternative treatments, making your predictions and independently identifying the reasons, you run the risk of leaving the dachshund without wool at all. Therefore, do not self-medicate. To the question “The dog’s hair falls out, what should I do?” seek help from a qualified technician immediately.
Quite often it can be observed that a dog’s hair falls out at the withers. This phenomenon can be explained by the consequences of stress, allergic reactions and poor nutrition. In this case, it is recommended to change the diet, switch from dry food to natural products. It should be remembered that wool is too sensitive and susceptible to various kinds of internal diseases, malfunctions, as well as external environmental factors.
It is not uncommon to observe that a dog’s hair falls out after giving birth. This is due to hormonal imbalance. The body suffers severe stress, it needs time to recover and rebuild. This phenomenon is considered a normal reaction of the body if the coat begins to grow again soon.
When does dog shedding begin?
The very first coat changes by 1.5 months, and in some breeds the color of the coat also changes, which becomes darker or, on the contrary, lighter.
The age-related first molt in dogs begins no earlier than 6 months of age, during which the downy coat changes to a harder and denser one. In some pets, hair is formed for several years and becomes characteristic of adult animals only after a few molts.
Reasons of HAIR SHEDDING in dogs. How to STOP Excess Shedding in dogs || Monkoodog
However, in some cases, age-related first shedding in dogs can begin at 3.5-4 months, when guard hair begins to grow. The hair change process can last up to a year, and in some breeds it can take up to 2 years.
What to do if your dog sheds heavily?
In heated and artificially lit houses, the animal’s brain does not receive a signal that a change of fur is required, the bodies of pets are not exposed to natural temperatures, especially if the animals spend most of their time in the apartment and walk very little. The body does not notice the change of seasons and there is no abundant molting period. As a result, molting occurs on an ongoing basis in small quantities every day.
Moulting time in dogs
Some breeds have a long and plentiful shedding period, while other dogs shed all year round, shedding a small amount of hair daily. Usually, pets shed twice a year:
- in autumn, usually in September, light summer coat is shed and a thick warm undercoat is built up, the pet visually increases in volume, becomes softer and fluffier;
- in late spring, usually in May, the undercoat falls out. Spring shedding in dogs lasts less than autumn shedding.
Moulting times in dogs vary, with seasonal molting lasting about 1-3 weeks. In pets living in an apartment, the timing of molting can change, and instead of a seasonal change, there is a year-round hair loss due to the constant air temperature.
Like human hair, dog hair is constantly changing. But this happens especially intensively in shedding dogs twice a year. in autumn and spring (especially strongly).
Most of all, dogs shed outside. Sometimes the owner of the puppy can be embarrassed by the sudden and rather strong molting of the puppy, especially not in the proper season.
A dog’s hair falls out in places what to do and how to treat
If the dog is not planned for breeding, it is better to spay it. Thus, you can get rid of shedding. When shedding intensifies, against the background of which the dog’s skin color has changed and bald patches appear, you should contact your veterinarian. Perhaps these are signs of some serious illness.
All dogs, regardless of breed, shed. But there are breeds that do not shed abundantly.
These breeds include the Irish Water Spaniel, Spanish Water Dog, Giant Schnauzer, Russian Black Terrier, Bichon Frize, Chinese Crested, Yorkshire Terrier, Mexican Hairless, Poodle, Shih Tzu, Miniature Schnauzer, Dandy Dinmont Terrier, Bedlington Terrier. maltese, havanese bichon, coton de tulear.
Causes of severe molting in a puppy
Since the coat is a pretty noticeable indicator of a dog’s health, there are several reasons for severe shedding:
- lack of vitamins in the body;
- improper nutrition or a sudden change in feed;
- improper hair care;
- stress (for example, when traveling in a car);
- two months before the bitch is in heat.
To keep the dog from shedding
Causes of shedding in dogs
Seasonal shedding in dogs is a natural process, but hair loss can occur for other reasons.
One of the reasons is dehydration, that is, lack of access to water and lack of water in food lead to dry skin, as a result, there is abundant shedding, and in some cases, dehydration leads to the development of diseases.
As a result of poor nutrition or disease, the body does not receive the nutrients necessary for the health of the coat and skin, the condition of the skin and coat deteriorates, and the hair begins to fall out.
Bitches are known to shed before heat. Therefore, this factor should also be taken into account if an off-season molt suddenly begins. Age-related shedding and shedding are considered normal in bitches that have stopped breastfeeding.
Infection with parasites, such as fleas, is accompanied by itching, which makes the animal want to itch. Animals that itch frequently lose more hair.
Hair loss can be triggered by stress, for example, during pregnancy, moving house, surgery.
Abundant molting can be observed in pets living in an apartment where the air temperature is high. Heat can cause hair to fall out regardless of the season. The optimum maximum air temperature in the room should not exceed 26 degrees.
Severe shedding in a dog, the appearance of bald spots and dandruff, skin problems and strong scratching in the absence of parasites, frequent licking is a reason to consult a veterinarian.