In what order does this process take place?
After all the temporary teeth have appeared, the growth of permanent.
The milk teeth in puppies change in the following order:
- The first premolars are erupted first, immediately behind the canine (there is no temporary one).
- Further, up to 4 months, the incisors are changed (in order).
- Permanent canines and premolars erupt over a period of 4-6 months (depending on the breed).
- Then, by 6-7 months, molars appear (there are no milk ones).
Do dogs have milk teeth??
Temporary (milk) teeth in dogs must necessarily change to permanent ones, since they physiologically cannot withstand the load that an adult animal receives during its life.
Periodontal development is a complex process and it begins in the embryonic period. Babies are born with soft, bare gums. The age when the first milk teeth (incisors and canines) are cut in puppies is about 20 days. By the age of 2 months, the premolars grow and a little later the second premolars.
In dogs, during the period of change, the root of the milk tooth begins to dissolve, the constant pushes out its remnants, as a result of which it falls out.
When puppies change their baby teeth?
Until the moment of change, babies have 28 milk teeth. Puppy Dental Formula:
Age period, how many months do milk teeth change in dogs:
- in large and giant breeds, the change should be completed by 5-6 months of life;
- in representatives of small breeds, this period is somewhat longer and lasts up to 7-9 months.
How to visually distinguish milk teeth from molars in dogs? Temporary. thin, less powerful, whitish-transparent color.
How a puppy owner can make life easier for him during a change of teeth?
Usually, the process of changing milk teeth in puppies goes without problems. Some owners do not even notice this period or find temporary canines or incisors that have fallen out during cleaning.
The physiological feature in animals is such that the pet’s teeth must necessarily receive a load, while a kind of amortization occurs, which strengthens the periodontium. In the age period up to 8-9 months, puppies in various ways try to massage the gums, crunching the surrounding objects. At home, it is possible to correct this behavior with such devices:
- Rubber balls of the appropriate size (tennis balls are also possible, but with caution, as large pets chew them quickly and can swallow pieces). Such toys allow to bite, chew during the game. It is believed that such manipulations stimulate the growth of permanent canines and incisors, and also facilitate the sensation of the pet during the shift period.
- Twisted ropes.
- Edible treats, sticks, special puppy bones. While the pet chews the treat, the gums are massaged and the milk teeth are naturally loosened.
Why it is impossible to loosen and pull out a milk tooth at home:
- Loosening is likely to fracture. The anatomical structure provides for a long root and a crescent-shaped bend. The part that is visible in the oral cavity (crown) is only 1/3 of the total size. The other 2/3 are invisible. this is the root.
- In the event of a fracture, the infection penetrates through the chamber into the surrounding tissue and nearby alveoli.
How teeth change in dogs, and what the owner should do?
In most puppies, the period when milk teeth change passes unnoticed by the owner. It was laid down by nature so that the process takes place in a fairly short time and is painless for the animal.
However, in the course of selection, a number of breeds acquired an anatomically unnatural jaw shape, and therefore, at the genetic level, they may have problems during the period of tooth change.
How to properly feed your dog during this period?
When puppies lose their baby teeth, there is no need to specifically change the diet. The pet continues to be fed with the same food. Dry industrial feed partially removes plaque, and also massages the gums when grasping pellets.
With natural feeding, the food received may be too soft. In this case, the pet should be additionally given special treats that will create a load, strengthening the periodontium. In addition, soft food is more retained on the enamel, gradually forming tartar.
When teeth change in dogs?
If you do not know how and when dogs change teeth, be sure to read this article, which contains all the basic information regarding this topic.
So, first of all, we note that the change of milk teeth in dogs, regardless of the breed, takes place in almost the same mode (with only minor differences in timing). There is only one common feature: large breeds go through this stage a little faster than representatives of miniature breeds (as happens in Yorkies, read here).
All puppies do not have a single tooth at birth. Like newborn babies, they consume only liquid food. mother’s milk.
- When from the day of birth it takes from 20 to 25 days, the dog becomes the happy owner of the first milk fangs.
- After about 10 more days, that is, on the 30th. 35th day, the incisors are cut.
- The last milk teeth appear between the 30th and 60th days of the puppy’s life.
Some time after all the temporary teeth have taken their rightful places, a new process begins. So we come to the answer to the question: in how many months or when do milk teeth change in dogs. The change is carried out gradually, not in a month or two, but during the entire first year of life:
- The first milk incisors, hooks, fall out quite early, even before the onset of four months of age.
- By the end of the fifth month, the replacement of the middle incisors and coloration begins.
- Fangs change by six months.
- The most persistent false-rooted teeth do not give up their positions until the age of ten months of their owner. Nevertheless, slowly, one by one, they also fall out.
Thus, if your dog is completely healthy and developing in accordance with all norms, by the end of the tenth month of life he should not have a single milk tooth. When he turns one year old, his “Hollywood smile” should show snow-white, strong and sharp teeth.
You can find another article on this topic at the link.
Further, with age, the crowns begin to grind down a little. Sometimes they are erased almost to the ground. Most often this happens with old dogs, who in their youth liked to gnaw something very hard, say, a metal mesh when kept in an open-air cage, or something similar.
By the way, the age of the animal is easily determined by the degree of wear of the crowns.
How to help your pet?
How does a dog feel when its teeth change? In most cases, the loss of old teeth and the eruption of new teeth are almost painless. The only discomfort may be an itchy feeling in the gums. At the same time, the puppy strives to scratch them in the only ways available to her:
- gnaw on wooden furniture,
- chew the master’s shoes,
- pledge the binding of the book
If you value your belongings and furnishings, make sure that your puppy has several chewing devices in advance. It can be:
- rubber bones,
- toys. teethers,
- treats in the form of pork ears, cartilage and the like.
Also, sometimes the dog’s temperature rises, but not much, by 0.1-0.3 degrees. Such an increase in temperature should not cause panic, since such a reaction of the body to changes occurring with it is within normal limits. You should be wary only if the dog has become lethargic, inactive, has lost its appetite.
PULLING OUT PUPPY TEETH
If your pet has the above symptoms, it will not be superfluous to contact your veterinarian. In addition, a visit to the clinic is necessary if, next to the milk tooth, which did not fall out in due time, a molar began to grow, as a result of which a second dentition was formed on the same jaw. All this is fraught with the formation of an incorrect bite, so it is better to immediately remove the extra teeth.
By the way, when choosing a puppy, be sure to pay attention to the condition of the teeth of his parents. It is better not to ignore this important rule, since all the dog’s dental problems are inherited by its offspring. Thus, you can know in advance how much trouble this or that puppy will give you in the future.
Problems with changing teeth
During the change of teeth, they fall out because the root dissolves, but all the material remains in the gum and is used for the growth of molars. Sometimes the tooth cannot break through the gum. In this case, you can feel it. To help him, you need to contact your veterinarian who will perform a gum resection. Sometimes the milk teeth do not have time to fall out, and the molars are already beginning to grow. It turns out two rows, especially often this happens on the incisors. This happens if the owner does not know when the milk teeth in dogs change. In this case, the puppy needs help. It is recommended to loosen the captive milk tooth for several minutes. If you do this regularly, it will soon fall out painlessly during the game.
Teeth change may be delayed due to illness of the puppy, ear cropping, or complications of the vaccine. Therefore, all interventions should be tried to be done up to 3 months. Otherwise, permanent teeth may grow incorrectly, in the wrong place. This will break the dog’s bite and become an obstacle to his participation in breeding. The process of changing teeth is especially often disrupted in dwarf or decorative dogs, as well as in long-faced animals. This is due to weak chewing muscles. In addition, feeding the animal only soft food can also lead to problems when milk teeth cannot fall out.
How to Help Puppy Teeth Fall Out Healthy Dog Chews Retained Puppy Teeth
When milk teeth change in dogs
For your pet to have healthy teeth, it is also important to know all about caring for them in puppies. Babies are born without teeth. Baby teeth appear in puppies only in the second week of life. At first they are small, bluish in color. They all grow by the end of the first month. There should be 28 of them in total. 14 each on the lower and upper jaws. When closing the mouth, they should not touch. scissor bite in dogs. Many pet owners know how milk teeth look in dogs, but not everyone can answer how they should change.
It is very important that the puppy’s milk teeth grow properly. Their condition of the dental apparatus in an adult dog depends on this. Therefore, the owners need to know what time the teeth of the dogs change. After all, what they will be later depends on the correct course of this process. This usually happens in 3-6 months. In large breeds earlier, small breeds will go through this later. In decorative dogs, changing teeth can take up to 9 months.
Knowing when a dog’s milk teeth change can help to roughly determine the age of the puppy. Professionals often do this.
- At 1 month old, the puppy has all milk teeth. 28 pieces. They are arranged in a row. The teeth are all sharp, very small.
- Then the jaw grows, so by 2 months the incisors are more widely spaced.
- At 3 months, the incisors are very low, some of them are gone.
- By 4 months, many dogs have 2-3 new incisors.
- By 5-6 months, the puppy has all the permanent incisors, there are the first premolars, sometimes some canines are missing.
- Most dogs have all permanent teeth at 6-7 months.
Dog Teeth Care
It is recommended to brush the dog’s permanent teeth every week with a special toothpaste. This will protect your pet from plaque, tartar and gum disease. If you do not care for your teeth, you may get an unpleasant odor from the mouth.
Veterinarians do not recommend giving bones to an adult dog after all teeth have changed. It is believed that this grinds them down and may damage the enamel. You can give your pet an apple or carrot to chew on something. It is recommended to regularly examine the dog’s mouth in order to start treating emerging diseases in time.
How teeth change
The puppies’ teeth change in turn: some fall out, others are already beginning to grow. Milk incisors fall out first, then. premolars. The canines are the last to change and permanent molars begin to grow. Often, pet owners do not even notice the change of teeth in a puppy. They are small, and many dogs simply swallow them. Changing teeth can be unnoticeable, but not always. The correctness of this process depends on the breed, the nutrition of the puppy, and its individual characteristics.
When changing teeth, dogs often change their behavior. The puppy becomes restless, begins to gnaw everything. After all, like in small children, during this process, the baby feels itching in the gums. Many puppies start biting to relieve this discomfort.
Beautiful and strong teeth in dogs. it is not only a gift from nature. A lot depends on proper care for them. But not all pet owners know how to do it right. A healthy adult dog should have 42 teeth. They are divided into incisors, molars, false roots and premolars. Some breeds are missing a pair of teeth, and larger dogs can grow extra incisors. This condition can lead to the appearance of a malocclusion.
Each tooth is composed of dentin, cementum and enamel. Dog teeth are constantly exposed to aggressive action and mechanical damage. Therefore, they are also susceptible to various diseases.
When do baby teeth change in dogs? Dog Teeth Care
The health and well-being of a dog is largely dependent on the condition of its teeth. Many pet owners do not pay attention to this, considering that the main thing. feed and walk your pet correctly. Some people don’t even know when a dog’s milk teeth change. Usually only breeders who exhibit their animals are interested in the condition of the dental apparatus. The rest of the change of milk teeth is noticed only by the fact that the puppy began to gnaw everything. But this is wrong: inattention to the state of the teeth can lead not only to the impossibility of showing the dog, but also to problems in the functioning of the digestive system.
How to help a puppy
Teeth itch especially in puppies at 3-4 months. The owner must help the pet. you need to wean him from gnawing whatever is horrible, as this not only leads to damage to things, but can be unsafe for the pet. You need to give him special dog toys, balls, carrots, crackers. Large, raw beef bones are recommended for larger breeds. Some owners get scared when they notice blood on toys or other objects that the puppy gnawed. It’s not scary, so the tooth fell out.
It is worse if the milk teeth do not have time to fall out, and the molars are already growing. This is common in small dogs. In this case, the bite of the animal is disturbed, so he needs help. You can contact your veterinarian who will tell you what to do or will remove milk teeth in dogs that interfere with the growth of molars. You can also help the tooth fall out by loosening it frequently. In order not to form an incorrect bite, you cannot allow the puppy to pull toys, you do not need to pull something forcibly from his mouth.
Dog teeth problems
With improper care or a lack of minerals in the pet’s diet, various problems can arise. This can be a fracture or loss of a permanent tooth, caries, tartar, inflammation. Sometimes dogs even develop periodontal disease. To avoid this, you need to remove plaque from the dog’s teeth in time. It often forms on canines and molars due to poor nutrition. It is also recommended to regularly visit a veterinarian who will examine the animal’s dentition and give recommendations for caring for it.
Milk teeth in dogs: when they change and how to help a puppy
Puppies, like most carnivorous mammals, are born blind, deaf, toothless and completely helpless. They are fed with mother’s milk until one and a half months of age, after which they get to new owners, who replace the cubs of their real parents.
In dogs, as in people in childhood, there is a change in deciduous teeth for molars. This is a natural biological process, but in some cases it can cause discomfort to the baby. It is also on the conscience of the owners to monitor whether the puppy’s bite is formed correctly, whether milk teeth fall out on time and whether he will have pathologies of the jaw apparatus. Anatomy, the sequence of changing teeth and caring for the baby during this period must be known so that the owners do not experience discomfort, as well as when to visit the veterinarian.
The bite is formed during the sucking period. This criterion is one of the main in dog competitions.
Normally, most dogs have a scissor bite. when the front teeth of the lower jaw are close to the back of the front teeth, and the lower canines stand between the upper canines and the front canines of the lower jaw. It’s called a scissor. In case of any deviation from the norm, the dog is discarded, since it is not suitable for exhibitions and for breeding, since some pathologies can be inherited.
- Excessive milkiness of the bitch: if the mother lactates well, then the puppy does not need to make an effort to get milk. This is how an overshot is formed. Offspring with undershot are discarded and not allowed for breeding.
- Lack of milk in the mother creates an undershot snack as the puppies put in too much effort. With this pathology, babies are also discarded.
- Bite problems occur in weak puppies, who are chased by strong brethren from the milk nipples (which are closer to the belly or groin) to the breast. To prevent this, the breeder should periodically swap puppies.
- Incorrectly shaped nipples in a bitch (flat, inverted) can form in offspring undershot bites and distortions.
- Various toys of irregular shape made of hard materials with spikes and corners. Games with the use of force also affect the development of the pathology of the jaw apparatus. It is better to refrain from such games with the dog until its jaw is fully formed.
- Incorrect extraction of milk teeth in a puppy.
- It is also worth noting that in some breeds (bulldogs, dog breeds with a long narrow or short muzzle), the bite may not normally be scissor bite. The breeder or veterinarian will tell you more about this.
Growth of milk teeth in a puppy
In total, the puppy should have 32 milk teeth, which can be seen at 2.5 months. The presence of an extra premolar in the puppy (in the dental formula P1) is considered a pathology.
Since these teeth in the baby are temporary, they do not require special care.
How to help a puppy during a change of teeth
During the period of changing teeth, as mentioned above, the puppy experiences severe discomfort, in connection with which he gnaws, whines and growls for no reason. To relieve symptoms, feed your puppy a variety of soft treats more often to ease the discomfort.
If, upon self-examination of the oral cavity, a loose tooth was found, then you can try to remove it yourself. To do this, you need to wrap it around it with a soft napkin and gently swing it until it freely separates from the gum. In this case, I do not need to use sit. if a splinter of a milk tooth remains in the gum, incorrect growth of the root analog is possible.
Change of teeth in a puppy
Milk teeth begin to change at the age of 4 months. During the period of loss of tooth growth, the puppy may constantly worry, growl and whine due to unpleasant sensations. Also, the baby begins to have an unhealthy interest in gnawing something. Sometimes a low temperature rises. during this period it is necessary to inspect the dog’s oral cavity daily in order to contact the veterinarian in time.
When Dogs Lose Their Milk Teeth?
- The incisors are the first to fall out at the age of 3-4 months.
- Premolars fall next. 4-5 months.
- Canine teeth change at 6-7 months.
- By the 9th month, molars erupt in the posterior corners of the jaw. true root teeth that are only found in adult dogs.
In total, an adult dog has 42 molars. 20 on the upper and 22 on the lower jaw (an additional premolar grows on the lower jaw that does not have a milk analog).
Usually molars grow in place of the previous milk counterpart, thus the appearance of the jaw remains the same as with a full set of milk teeth. But it also happens that the root of the milk tooth does not dissolve over time and the root grows next to the milk tooth. This pathology is observed in short-faced and dwarf dogs. If you find this, you must immediately contact a veterinarian to remove an unnecessary tooth.
What not to do during a tooth change
During the formation of the dental composition, the puppy needs double attention and care. Therefore, it is worth spending more time with the baby and independently checking the oral cavity in order to contact a veterinarian in time.
At what age and how is milk teeth replaced with permanent ones??
When do puppies’ teeth change? It happens that the order in different breeds of dogs does not coincide or passes with the intersection of stages, but this is rare.
At what age do dogs change teeth? The change begins with the incisors at 2-4 months. Then there is a change of premolars. at 3-6 months, the canines are closing and change on average at 4-5 months. Also from 4-7 months. permanent molars begin to erupt.
We remove the itching by gnawing beef words, toys, special bones by the puppy. We treat the inflamed areas with chamomile decoction. If the gums are bleeding, consult a doctor. If this is not possible, we treat it with peroxide, but so that the puppy does not swallow it, even foam. We moisten the napkin slightly. The doctor will remove the hood from the fabrics, you yourself can damage the milk tooth.
The puppy’s teeth are getting out. how to know what the symptoms are?
In most cases, the puppy’s teething process is invisible and painless. The increase in temperature can be short-term, and disappear during sleep or rest. The owner himself must control the process. To do this, just slide your finger over the pet’s gums.
Important! The gums of the animal itch anyway, and the dog begins to gnaw everything he sees to get rid of this sensation.
What does it look like?
With a snack, the protrusion of the lower jaw becomes noticeable forward, the lower incisors are exposed. The rest of the teeth do not match.
Overshot is characterized by the protrusion of the upper jaw. Mismatch of other teeth.
A pincer bite is harder to notice as the mouth closes normally.
Why is it important to keep track of how teeth are cut and grow??
A correct bite and anatomically correct dental formula are the hallmarks of a healthy and well-developed dog. In the process of animal growth, thin milk teeth are cut through. Do dogs have milk teeth? Yes, then they change to permanent ones, molars grow. This is how nature intended.
But domestic dogs and especially decorative breeds and show class pets can have problems. When milk teeth erupt, inflammation and the wound can fester. This will lead to pathology in the future. It is necessary to carry out regular inspections and, if necessary, rinse the oral cavity, for example, with a decoction of chamomile.
Check if the teeth have erupted in the same place (if so, immediately contact a specialist). There may be a problem with the gum hood and will have to be removed, or they may grow in the wrong direction. The change of teeth in dogs can go with a delay in the process, the bite will be disturbed, the structure of the jaws will begin to develop with pathologies, the outlines of the muzzle may change. The matter will get complicated to the point that you have to do an operation, if you do not follow up on time, do not remove the lingering milk teeth.
The cause can be both at the genetic level and acquired.
- Ugliness is hereditary.
- Microelement starvation of the mother affects the offspring.
- Exhaustion of the puppy itself.
- Deep trauma.
Diseases in which there is a high likelihood of tooth loss
Such diseases include directly the pathology of the oral cavity, when the chewing components are involved in inflammatory processes. A dog’s teeth fall out when:
- stomatitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth with the formation of ulcers, and with prolonged course, the involvement of the gingival mucosa);
- gingivitis (inflammation of the gums);
- soft plaque and, later, stone;
- periodontitis and periodontal disease (processes affecting almost the entire dental structure and which may not manifest symptomatically for a long time).
The consequences of tooth loss
The loss of one or two chewing elements in an adult dog is fraught with serious consequences for life and its general condition. Incomplete dentition causes:
- disruption of the gastrointestinal tract due to insufficiently chewed food, because of which it begins to be poorly absorbed;
- pain when chewing and increased bleeding of the gums;
- increased abrasion of the remaining teeth due to the increased chewing load on the remaining dentition;
- uneven load on the jaw, which leads to displacement of the remaining teeth and malocclusion;
- deterioration of the general condition of the dog;
- culling of individuals at exhibitions, because healthy and “full-toothed” jaws are a prerequisite for participation in them.
Why does a dog lose teeth, which teeth can fall out and at what age
Dogs, like many other animals, grow two types of teeth over a lifetime. milk and molars (permanent). Both those and others can fall out. The difference is that the dog’s milk tooth fell out. this is normal, the root tooth fell out. this is already a reason to show the pet to the veterinarian, because without a reason this cannot be. Why does a dog lose teeth and what should the owner do at the same time??
Main points of treatment
- changing the diet of feeding, not only at the time of getting rid of the disease, but also everyday too;
- getting rid of the underlying disease;
- getting rid of tartar and plaque, if the reason is in them;
- increasing the general resistance of the body, taking vitamins, eliminating inflammation and bleeding of the gums, further strengthening the teeth;
- splinting of loose teeth (adhesion of several teeth in a row with special dental wire or fiberglass (“splint”) in order to fix loose teeth during the entire course of treatment).
Symptoms prior to tooth loss in dogs
Loss of teeth is not common in healthy animals. Usually, this process follows some characteristic symptoms:
- unusual or sharply unpleasant odor from the mouth;
- tartar or thick plaque;
- inflammation of the gums, manifested by swelling and bleeding;
- the presence of loose permanent teeth;
- caries or inflammation of internal tissues;
- increased production of saliva;
- old stomatitis, which already affects the condition of the gums;
- decreased appetite or a complete refusal to eat due to sore gums and loose teeth.
If you find any of the symptoms, you need to take the animal to the veterinarian-general practitioner or veterinary dentist. With the timely relief of unfavorable inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, there is a high probability of maintaining the integrity of the entire dentition.
At what age teeth fall out, and this is no longer considered normal?
After the change, any loss of root elements is no longer the norm. Teeth by the year are usually already all permanent, from this period you need to contact your veterinarian with this problem. In dogs, with the wrong choice of food and the lack of proper care of the oral cavity, a soft plaque forms very quickly, which also quickly turns into stone. Tartar is the most common cause of tooth loss, starting from the moment the chewing line becomes permanent.
Causes not related to disease
There are a number of reasons for the loss of teeth that do not belong to the category of diseases. It:
- malnutrition with frequent feeding of feed with a soft (pâté) consistency, as a result of which plaque is intensively formed, and then tartar;
- lack of proper stress on the dog’s jaws. Dogs should chew on something regularly. In an apartment, animals are limited in this need. The absence of a natural load on the jaws leads to their incorrect development and disturbances in the formation of the dentition;
- mechanical injuries from blows to the head and jaw area or falling.
Loss of teeth in dogs under 1 year of age
At how many months is the loss of chewing units not critical? If their loss is found in the period between 3 and 9 (10) months from birth, then this is most likely a physiological change of milk elements to permanent ones. This happens in the following order: front teeth-incisors (hooks, then middle and edges). premolars. canines. It is better to consult a veterinarian about any violation of the change order.
If the dog’s milk teeth do not fall out on time, they will most likely be removed artificially by a veterinarian, because a delay in changing them can lead to malocclusion.
What to do if you didn’t fall out?
During the period of eruption of milk and permanent dental units, the puppy needs regular observation and examination of his oral cavity. There are times when an erupting tooth leads to gum inflammation. Then the festering wound must be cured, since the purulent process can go to a healthy tooth. If any tooth is missing in the dentition, this will lead to the displacement of all dental units located on the jaw. Therefore, all wounds and inflammations on the gums must first be washed with hydrogen peroxide, and then irrigated with a warm infusion made from medicinal chamomile.
If the deadline has come, but the baby tooth has not fallen out, it must be pulled out, and this can be done by a doctor in a veterinary clinic. Sometimes it happens that in dogs both teeth grow side by side. milk and permanent. Due to the weak and soft dentin, the milk tooth decays very quickly. And since a permanent tooth grows next to it, then it is also involved in the decay process, as a result of which the dog can lose a permanent dental unit.
Another common problem with tooth growth is the so-called hood, which is obtained from the gum tissue. A tooth covered with such a hood cannot break through on its own, and it either begins to rot inside the gum, or grows in the wrong position, while interfering with neighboring teeth.
In this case, the dog can only be helped by a veterinarian who, with a surgical instrument, will open a passage in the gum for tooth growth. It is necessary to do this procedure on time, without waiting for the onset of inflammation in the gums and decay of dental tissues.
Changing milk teeth in dogs: age range and possible problems
With the help of its teeth, a dog can get its own food and, by chewing, grind it, sort things out with its fellow tribesmen and defend itself if necessary. With her teeth, the female has the ability to move her puppies from one place to another, and even cleaning the hair from blood-sucking insects is impossible without the participation of the front incisors of the dentition.
Puppies do not have teeth right after their birth, and first, babies develop milk teeth, and then they are replaced by permanent ones, in the amount of 42 pieces. This whole process takes place in the first year of a dog’s life and ends at the age of 9 months. The change of teeth occurs in animals on their own, but at the same time they sometimes need dental care. A person intervenes in the natural course of events only if there is any anomaly in the development of the dentition or to treat the sick teeth of his pet.
How new teeth are erupting?
When a puppy’s teeth grow, this process occurs in such a way that he feels a certain painful discomfort and his general well-being may deteriorate. The baby often has an elevated body temperature, but this does not last long and most often occurs when he is sleeping. It is not difficult to understand that a small pet has begun a period of changing the dentition is not difficult. outwardly, the dog can become lethargic or, conversely, irritable and restless.
At such a time, the puppy’s behavior also changes. you will notice that your dog will feel an irresistible desire to chew on something, and this happens due to the fact that his gums are constantly itching. To prevent the puppy from spoiling your things and furniture, you need to provide him with toys. After the milk dental units are replaced by a permanent dental formula, the symptoms associated with this process disappear.
A swinging tooth that is about to fall out looks half-gummed and is often at an angle to other teeth. Sometimes the process of loss is delayed and interferes with the growth of a new tooth, then you can see that the old and new, already erupted tooth are together. Such a neighborhood is abnormal and requires dental care, since in this case the dog’s permanent teeth will grow with an offset, changing the shape of the bite.
It is important for the owner of the dog to track this moment in time and contact the veterinarian, since otherwise the dog is doomed to live with the wrong structure of the dentition. This will entail a disruption in the process of chewing food, which means that over time, the digestion process will also be disrupted.
At a time when the puppy’s milk dentition erupts or is replaced, it is important for the owner not only to carefully observe his pet, but also to contribute in every possible way to these processes. Veterinarians recommend slightly swinging the swinging tooth with your finger, but in no case use great effort or pull it out.
During such a period of life, the baby should be given to chew not only toys, but also hard granules of dry food, bones and cartilages, hard vegetables, such as pieces of fresh carrots. all this will help loosen the milk tooth and facilitate its loss.
In dogs of large and medium-sized breeds, the change in dentition occurs relatively quickly and without pathologies, since the anatomical structure of their oral cavity provides enough space for the growth of dental units of various sizes. Decorative miniature dog breeds are most often faced with a delay in the loss of the milk row, as well as with abnormal growth and development of permanent teeth.
This is explained by the fact that the oral cavity in such animals is not only small, but also due to the peculiarities of the breed, it is anatomically deformed, for example, as in the French Bulldog or Pekingese. There is very little room for the growth of teeth on the jaw arch, and if the tooth grows large in size, this inevitably leads to deformation of the bite. It can be very difficult to inspect the oral cavity for prophylactic purposes in such dogs, therefore, the process of changing the dentition is often left to chance.
Time and order of loss
The pattern of appearance of the first dental units in dogs of most breeds is the same. Veterinarians note that small breeds of decorative dogs lag behind in the formation of the dentition by about 1-2 months, while medium species or large breeds of dogs are ahead of them in development.
Physiologically, nature is laid down so that a dog grows 32 milk dental units. They do not appear all at once, but sequentially, each in its own time.
- Fangs. They appear in puppies first, and this happens by the end of 2 or 3 weeks of life. Fangs appear first on the upper jaw. on the right and left, and then on the lower. In total, babies grow 4 milk teeth.
- Incisors. In puppies, 6 incisors are cut on the upper and lower jaw. Above, incisors appear by the end of 3 weeks of a puppy’s life, and from below they begin to grow at 4 weeks. Incisors are subdivided into hooks, middle and edges.
- Premolars. The dog grows 6 such dental units above and below, on each jaw. The growth of the premolars occurs almost simultaneously with the incisors. at 3-4 weeks of the dog’s life, and at first these teeth erupt in the upper jaw, and a week later the premolars already appear below.
- Permanent teeth. The function of molars in puppies is performed by premolars, which are not similar in structure to what the permanent molars of an adult dog look like.
By the presence of erupted teeth, you can easily determine the age of the dog in the first year of life in weeks. The puppy’s dental formula has a peculiarity. on the upper and lower jaw, the number of teeth is the same:
- 6 incisors;
- 2 canines;
- 8 premolars.
In babies, the first teeth are very thin and sharp, like needles. However, such a dentition is short-lived, since the dentin, which makes up the dental tissue, has a softer structure, in contrast to permanent teeth. The milk dentition wears out very quickly and begins to change.
The puppy’s milk teeth fall out in the following sequence.
- The first in the dog to change the incisors, and this happens at the age of 3-4 months. First, the hooks fall out, after them the middle incisors, and the last to change the edges.
- Permanent molars appear behind the premolar region on the jaw arch at 4-5 months.
- At the age of 6 to 8 months, milk premolars begin to be replaced by permanent forms.
- At the age of 6-7 months, along with the change of premolars, there is also a change of canines.
- In the period from 7 to 9, and sometimes up to 10 months, permanent root premolars grow in the dog.
In total, an adult dog should grow 42 permanent dental units in the oral cavity, with which the animal will live its entire life.
Dental formula of the upper jaw:
- 6 incisors;
- 2 canines;
- 8 premolars;
- 4 molars.
Dental formula of the lower jaw:
- 6 incisors;
- 2 canines;
- 8 premolars;
- 6 molars.
The loss of the milk dentition in a dog is due to the fact that, starting their growth, permanent dental forms, increasing in size, push and displace their milk predecessors. The first non-permanent dental units have no roots and are relatively easy to detach from the dog’s jaw.
Features of dental care
The owner of the puppy needs to carry out a regular examination of the oral cavity of his pet and this should be done once a day. Some dog breeders mistakenly believe that it is unnecessary to pay attention to the growth of the milk dentition, as it will change anyway. Veterinarians have a different opinion and believe that how well the period of growth of the milk dentition has passed and its timely replacement depends on what kind of permanent teeth the dog will have.
During the period of the change and growth of the dentition with the dog, you cannot play such games where she will have to pull something with force with her teeth. this can lead to serious injuries to the gums and dental units.
After the appearance of permanent teeth, they need to be carefully looked after. the dog’s oral cavity is treated with a special toothpaste and a brush with a soft short bristle. It is advisable for a pet to carry out this hygienic procedure every day on a regular basis.
In order for the dentition and bite of the dog to be formed correctly, it must be given a sufficient load on the chewing muscles. The dog should have a large number of toys of varying degrees of hardness, and also it should be given such food where it could use teeth. pieces of meat, cartilage, granules of dry food, bones.
Dogs that eat soft types of food, such as pate, porridge, meat soufflé, are much more likely to suffer from caries and malocclusion. Moderately hard food promotes mechanical cleaning of the surface of the teeth and strengthens the dog’s gums.
During the period of the growth of the dentition, the dog needs to provide a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. only in this case the tooth enamel will be formed strong and healthy. Preparations with calcium, fluorine and magnesium are introduced into the dog’s diet in volumes that correspond to its body weight. In order to choose the correct dosage of the vitamin and mineral complex, it is best to consult a veterinarian.
The pet’s permanent teeth must be protected. for this, do not play games with him that can ruin or break the dog’s teeth. For example, it is not recommended to twist the stick that the dog is holding in the mouth, do not pull forcefully on the rope or rag, in the fibers of which the tooth can easily get entangled, and you accidentally pull it out. The health and longevity of a dog largely depends on the good condition of its teeth, so the owner is required to help his four-legged friend to cope with this task.
For tips on changing teeth in dogs, see the video below.