The main cause of this type of disease is a damaged mitral valve (left side). In the lungs, fluid begins to accumulate, which, with an enlarged heart, strongly presses on the trachea. Also, cardiac cough appears as a consequence of dilated cardiomyopathy, which is characteristic of large dog breeds. In a puppy and an adult animal weighing less than 7 kg, the disease is rarely observed.
- deaf (uterine) cough;
- increasing intensity;
- decreased pet activity;
- bluish-gray color of the gums;
- fluid in the abdomen.
Cough in dogs of a viral nature very often appears in the form of tracheobronchitis or aviary cough. The infection is quickly transmitted by interaction with a sick animal. only a few minutes of contact is enough for infection. At the initial stage of the development of the disease, the dog coughs as if choking, over time the symptoms may worsen, the animal vomits. Medicines should only be given after consulting a veterinarian.
Cough in dogs: causes, symptoms and treatment
Pedigree pets are like small children. spontaneous, sometimes capricious, active, cheerful and requiring careful care. The owners of four-footed tomboy should be prepared for any unexpected event, in particular for recognizing the primary symptoms of various diseases. Some of these, such as the common dog cough, may be just the tip of the iceberg. Heart or lung problems, cancer, allergies. each of these diseases poses a threat to the life of the animal. We offer to study the most common causes of cough in dogs, which are easy to identify at home.
Mechanical damage and foreign bodies
Cough caused by parasites
Prolonged stay of a pet, especially a puppy, in an unsanitary environment can lead to infection with toxacars and hookworms. The process begins when the animal swallows a larva or adult parasite, which then travels through the bloodstream to the lungs. A large number of parasites can cause tracheobronchitis, dirofilariasis and other inflammatory processes. Timely prophylaxis at home can save the life of a pet, because damages with dirofilariasis are poorly treated.
- increased cough in the supine position;
- deterioration in the appearance of the pet;
- increased fatigue;
- with a heart parasite. photophobia and convulsions;
- the animal cannot swallow;
- drastic weight loss.
Prevention of cough in dogs
Treatment for a dog’s cough should begin by identifying the reason why the dog is coughing. Prevention, on the other hand, can eliminate factors that can reduce the pet’s immunity, make it more resistant to viruses. First of all, it is necessary to conduct examinations at the veterinarian, vaccinate the animal, carry out parasitic prophylaxis, and give the necessary vitamins. It is necessary to monitor the quality of food and living conditions, for the sufficient activity of a puppy or an adult pet. An important role is also played by observing the four-legged friend and any changes in his behavior or appearance.
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Mechanical damage and foreign bodies
If the dog coughs and wheezes, and there is also a discharge of blood, most likely, it is trying to get rid of a foreign object. This happens extremely rarely and is provoked either by damage to the central nervous system, or by the rapid swallowing of food (typical for small breeds). This type of cough also manifests itself when suffocating with a collar, the presence of a tumor or fluid in the airways. In any of the above cases, you should immediately seek treatment from a veterinarian.
- the animal tries to burp;
- discharge of blood with saliva;
- the animal vomits, grunts, wheezes, sneezes;
- refusal of food and water;
- frothy nasal discharge.
If a dog coughs only during a certain season of the year, it is most likely allergic. In addition, the symptom can be caused by a reaction to an insect bite, to chemicals or dust, to food. Treatment should be carried out after the final clarification of the cause of the allergy. It is easy to learn more about various allergic reactions from the training videos of famous veterinarians.
- the pet sneezes often;
- cyanosis of the gums;
- redness of the eyes;
- in rare cases. a skin rash.
Dogs, like humans, sometimes suffer from intolerance to certain chemicals. With allergies, the mucous membranes begin to react sharply to certain compounds. They swell, as a result, the lumens of the airways are significantly narrowed, shortness of breath occurs, the animal may begin to wheeze. Symptoms of an allergy in a dog are:
- redness of the whites of the eyes;
- copious discharge of fluid from the nose, mouth and eyes;
- a rash on the skin in the form of red pimples;
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Only elimination of the allergen can permanently save the animal from unpleasant symptoms. To do this, it is necessary to determine what caused the irritation. Antihistamines will help relieve symptoms and alleviate the condition of the animal. Dogs with allergies are also prescribed immunomodulators.
Animals can cough due to infectious diseases. After walking down the street in bad weather, being in a draft or drinking cold water, the dog easily picks up a respiratory infection. The most common medical conditions in domestic dogs are:
- Angina. Inflammation of the tonsils against the background of other pathologies of the oral cavity, prolonged vomiting, rhinitis, mucosal trauma. The disease makes it difficult for the animal to swallow, so it does not eat or drink water. For treatment, the pet is prescribed a course of antibiotics. If angina is accompanied by an inflammatory process in the mouth, antiseptics are used.
- Tracheobronchitis. The disease has a viral etiology and is manifested by a dry, deep cough. It looks like the dog has something stuck in the throat. Sometimes, along with the cough, the dog has a white foam. The animal eats poorly, moves a little. His temperature rises. The disease is usually mild. In rare cases, bronchitis in dogs can progress to pneumonia.
- Pneumonia. With such a disease, dogs develop a painful cough, difficulty breathing, tachycardia, and a runny nose. The animal is practically swollen with mucus, abundantly secreted from the nasopharynx. Inflammation of the lungs can be viral, bacterial, or fungal in nature. There is another very dangerous type of pneumonia. aspiration. It occurs as a result of vomit entering the lungs. Any kind of disease should be treated only under the supervision of a specialist.
In case of infectious diseases, you cannot treat the pet yourself. Syrups and cough tablets for the dog should be prescribed by a veterinarian. The fact that Teraflu helps people with ARVI well does not mean that it should be given to a sick pet.
Coughing, wheezing with a gag reflex, sneezing, saliva with blood can be the consequences of strangulation with a collar. The pet did not eat anything on the street, but after the walk began to cough, as if choking? In this case, you need to check if the collar is pinching him. A symptom that appears in a chained dog after a strong, prolonged barking may indicate that she injured her throat with a collar or tore her vocal cords.
A minor injury will heal over time. If the dog has foam or blood from the mouth, he needs the help of a qualified specialist. Similar symptoms may indicate the ingress of poisonous substances into the body of an animal that have affected its nervous system.
It is not uncommon for older dogs to suffer from heart disease. With such pathologies, they have a constant dry cough. a symptom of damage to the mitral valve.
Another symptom that veterinarians diagnose with heart cough in dogs is cyanosis of the gums. Gradually, the animal’s condition will begin to deteriorate: it will begin to wheeze, its heart rhythm will be disturbed, shortness of breath, weakness will appear. It is especially difficult for a dog with a sick heart in the heat. If a heart cough appears in the morning and at night, it means that the disease has worsened.
In this case, expectorant and emollient medications will help alleviate the condition of the dog. To prevent an exacerbation of the disease, the dog must adhere to a special diet and physical activity.
Why does the dog cough when trying to burp: causes, characteristics and treatment
Why does a dog drool or spit up when he coughs? Attempts to regurgitate when coughing indicate that the animal has either an accumulation of fluid or a foreign object in the throat. This symptom appears for a variety of reasons.
A cough in itself is not a disease, it is only a manifestation of some kind of disorder, in which the airway patency worsens. The symptom is typical for a number of pathologies: respiratory infection, heart disease, allergies, worms, trauma, etc.
Reverse sneezing in small dogs and brachycephals
The brachycephalic group is distinguished by a special structure of the skull, due to which the so-called reverse sneezing occurs in animals. This syndrome is manifested by a strange cough that combines the symptoms of sneezing and grunting at the same time. During an attack, the dog adopts a posture typical for asthmatics: spreads its front legs, raises its neck and opens its eyes wide.
With the reverse sneezing, the animal does not succeed in quickly clearing its throat. The dog coughs to a gag reflex. A condition occurs under the influence of allergens, stress, a sharp temperature drop or other irritant. It is impossible to cure a dog from a reverse sneezing. You can only prevent the onset of seizures by protecting the dog from the effects of the factors that cause them.
Congenital malformations of the respiratory system
Dogs of small breeds such as Toy Terriers, Yorkshire Terriers, Pugs, Spitz, Chihuahuas, etc. often suffer from congenital respiratory defects. The cause of the cough in these pets may be a collapse of the trachea. With this pathology, due to the degradation of the tracheal rings, the dog can constantly cough. In the early stages, the disease is treated with drugs that improve the condition of the cartilage tissue.
If the disease in a Yorkie or a pug could not be overcome with medication, the dog will have to be operated on. The deformed rings will be replaced with artificial ones. If left untreated, the animal’s condition will worsen. It will begin to cough and grunt, it will be harder to cough up phlegm.
In Pomeranian Spitz, the structure of the respiratory organs is such that with any irritation of the larynx, the animals begin to cough. At the same time, the dog cannot clear his throat for a long time, it may seem that the dog is choking, choking, but then everything goes away.
Cough caused by parasites
The more serious problem in this case is parasites. As practice shows, infection of a pet’s body with parasites usually manifests itself in the case when an adult or a puppy lives in unsanitary conditions. In particular, we are talking about such parasites as hookworms and toxocaras. The very process of infection with a harmful organism begins at the moment when a pet accidentally swallows a larva or a parasite.
The parasite enters the lungs through the bloodstream. Excessive presence of parasites in the animal’s body can cause tracheobronchitis, as well as other inflammatory processes. Dirofilariasis is caused by helminths that enter the bloodstream when bitten by a mosquito. Prevention is always better than treatment.
The symptoms of a cough caused by parasitic organisms are listed below:
- when the dog is lying, the cough will intensify;
- the dog begins to lose weight dramatically;
- the dog gets tired quickly;
- the pet has difficulty swallowing or cannot do it at all;
- if the parasite is cardiac, then the animal may develop convulsions, as well as photophobia;
- the overall appearance of the animal deteriorates.
Cough due to cancer
Sometimes the problem can manifest itself as a result of the pet developing cancer. As a rule, in this case, the breed does not matter, usually the problem manifests itself in an older age. There can be several types of tumor, depending on which treatment options depend. For example, if you have a primary or secondary tumor, your dog may feel better if you give him steroids. In any case, you should not give any medications on your own without a doctor’s prescription.
How to treat a dog’s cough if the cause is type 1 adenocarcinoma:
- with a decrease in activity and mobility, veterinarians usually prescribe bronchodilators;
- if the animal has shortness of breath, then steroids can help solve the problem;
- in case of arrhythmias, bronchodilator drugs will be the best treatment option.
Causes and treatment of cough in dogs: notes for caring dog breeders
Sometimes dog breeders are faced with such a problem when the dog coughs as if choking and tries to regurgitate something. Pets, especially purebred ones, need care no less than small children. From this material, you can familiarize yourself with the main symptoms and causes of cough in dogs.
What are the symptoms?
If your dog is coughing like it’s choking, you’ll need to understand the symptoms first. When pets of large or small breeds cough violently and constantly, spit up saliva, foam and grunt, this may indicate serious illness. Experts identify several signs that are considered evidence of certain problems.
Therefore, before giving your pet any medications, you should diagnose the state of his health and pay attention to the accompanying symptoms:
- if the dog spits up, it may have mucus from the nose at the same time;
- coughing in dogs may be accompanied by weight loss;
- the dog ceases to be active, as before, he becomes lethargic and even depressed;
- during active exercises and loads, the pet has uniform breathing;
- foam can come from the mouth, the pet can vomit;
- if the dog is in a lying position, his breathing quickens;
- pet wheezes and sneezes.
If the dog coughs as if choking, wheezes, sneezes, vomits white foam, then it urgently needs to be carried to the veterinarian. The owner should first of all pay attention to the condition of the pet’s gums, they may be bleeding, sores appeared on them, or they turned pale. Often, a dog’s cough manifests itself in parallel with an increased temperature. And if the dog wheezes and sneezes, you should also check the lymph nodes, they may have increased.
In addition, the breed of the pet, as well as its age, play an important role in this case. As practice shows, pets of certain breeds are sometimes prone to certain diseases.
One of the most common reasons why a pet can cough is a viral cough. Usually, this disease manifests itself in the form of an aviary cough or tracheobronchitis. As practice shows, infection is quickly transmitted as a result of contact with an infected pet. Just a minute of contact is enough for your pet to get sick.
At the earliest stage, the dog will cough, as if he is trying to burp something. After some time, the pet vomits with white foam. The first thing to do is to take the pet to a specialist, subsequent treatment is carried out only after a complete examination of the patient by a doctor.
- At home, dry cough in pets is treated with antibiotics;
- an irritated trachea of an animal can be treated with special medicines for coughing;
- if the dog wheezes and vomits white foam, treatment can be done with medications prescribed by a doctor;
- when your pet loses its appetite and refuses food, prevent contact with strangers;
- with enlarged tonsils, doctors usually prescribe the use of expectorant drugs (video by Ludmila Podgaevskaya).
Prevention of cough in dogs
If the dog vomits foam and sneezes, what should the breeder do in this case? Treatment of cough in dogs should be carried out strictly according to the results of examination by a specialist, who will first identify the cause. As for the breeder, he must do prevention on time, this is the only way to reduce the risk of the disease.
- regular check-ups with a doctor;
- pet vaccination;
- implementation of parasitic prophylaxis;
- providing the animal with all the necessary vitamins;
- providing the dog with a high-quality diet and conditions of detention;
- always watch for changes in the dog’s behavior and activity.
Prevention of cough, as a symptom of “nursery” cough, to some extent can be timely vaccination. Prevention of dirofilariasis. regular treatment with drops against fleas, ticks and mosquitoes.
Cardiac cough in dogs is caused by damage to the heart mitral valve. Because of this disease, fluid begins to collect in the lungs of the pet, which puts very strong pressure on the trachea. In addition, cardiac cough can result from dilated cardiomyopathy, which is common in large varieties. If you own a puppy or small dog weighing up to 7 kg, the likelihood of this disease is extremely low.
- fluid began to collect in the abdominal cavity;
- the gums have acquired a bluish-gray tint;
- the activity of the animal has decreased significantly;
- the dog wheezes, he has a deaf cough;
- the intensity increases (video by Ludmila Podgaevskaya).
Mechanical damage and foreign bodies
It often happens that the pet does not just cough, but also wheezes, and blood is released from the mouth. Apparently, in this case, the reason is the presence of a third-party object in the body. All breeders know that animals often swallow various things, but they are usually digested in the stomach. So, if a dog wheezes and bleeds from his mouth, then this happens quite rarely. The reason may be damage to the central nervous system or the rapid swallowing of food, which is especially true for pets of small breeds.
A similar cough can also occur as a result of strangulation with a collar. In addition, swelling or fluid in the airways may be the cause. One way or another, the only thing to do is to seek help from a specialist.
- the dog may try to burp;
- the dog wheezes, vomits, sometimes with foam;
- the animal sneezes;
- saliva with blood is secreted from the mouth;
- the dog does not want to eat or drink;
- foam can come out of the nose (video by dog-channel.tv).
It happens that the cause of difficulty breathing is a chest injury. Therefore, in cases where the dog was hit by a vehicle, had a fight, or simply returned home with blood and other signs of injury, special attention should be paid to the presence / absence of the following symptoms:
- Lingering and “metallic” cough.
- Pain on palpation of the chest.
- Discharge of foamy exudate or even blood from the mouth and airways.
The injuries themselves vary, and the causes of difficulty breathing also vary. But nevertheless, the general “mechanics” of such phenomena can be distinguished almost always:
- Severe contusion of the muscles responsible for the contraction of the chest during breathing. If they are repulsed and hurt, the dog will not be able to breathe normally and will try to take deep breaths, as they cause pain during injuries.
- Broken or cracked ribs. At the same time, any inhalation can cause serious pain to the dog, and therefore breathing becomes shallow, wheezing and very frequent.
- Lung contusion. At the same time, the animal cannot breathe normally; pulmonary edema may develop. When inhaling and exhaling, wheezing, hissing, grunting are heard.
- Due to the fracture of the ribs, the pleura was torn or the lungs themselves were damaged by fragments. At the same time, any inhalation and exhalation inflict severe pain on the pet. Breathing becomes hoarse, hoarse and shallow, rapid, with blood and / or bloody foam coming out of the mouth and airways.
Kennel Cough In Dogs
Important! Any suspicion of a chest injury should immediately call your veterinarian!
Wheezing and grunting sounds when breathing
One of the most common symptoms is wheezing and grunting sounds when breathing.
They can occur in the following cases:
- Bronchitis and pneumonia.
- Often this phenomenon in the presence of parasitic nematode larvae in the lungs.
- Allergies accompanied by symptoms of edema.
- Asthma attacks.
- This happens with severe chest injuries, accompanied by the development of hemothorax (blood flow into the chest).
First aid for a dog with signs of choking: what can be done before the veterinarian arrives
The owner can provide first aid to the dog in case of signs of choking:
- The dog is immediately given complete rest, it must be isolated from loud noises, small children, etc.
- The air in the room where the sick animal is located should not be excessively dry or humid. We advise you to immediately ventilate and freshen up the room.
- If there is suspicion of asthma, or if the pet is tormented by periodic attacks of suffocation of an unclear etiology, it is advisable to carry out high-quality wet cleaning in the room every day. But we do not advise using chlorine or other “chemistry” in this case, as chemicals can contribute to the development of new attacks.
- In the case when the pet’s condition will gradually return to normal, you can give him lukewarm, sweetened water. Only give a drink should be a little: as soon as the dog gets drunk, everything will start again. In addition, the animal can choke, swell and die.
Important! In no case should the animal be held or otherwise fixed during an attack! If the dog develops sufficiently strong hypoxia, it may well not recognize the owner, and therefore become dangerous.
Severe bites and other injuries in such situations are completely commonplace. To prevent trouble, we can only advise you to place a sick pet in a room with a minimum amount of furniture and open corners. Even if during the attack the dog “loses control”, he will not receive serious injuries.
The main causes of difficulty breathing
Let’s consider the main causes of shortness of breath, which are most often found in the practice of veterinarians around the world. Of course, in the first place are the usual “colds”, which sometimes suffer from dogs.
- The mucous membrane of the nose and other parts of the upper respiratory tract first becomes inflamed due to the activity of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic bacterial microflora.
- Inflammation leads to the development of puffiness.
- The respiratory passages are narrowed, which is why the dog can no longer breathe deeply, sniffs and grunts.
But this is one of the easiest and relatively harmless reasons. It happens that simple rhinitis descends lower, as a result of which inflammation of the lower respiratory system develops. This is how often bronchitis or even pneumonia occurs.
Unfortunately, neoplasms are often the cause of breathing problems in older dogs. Their nature does not play a special role: even a benign tumor in the lumen of large bronchi with 100% probability will lead to the appearance of a lingering, “ringing” cough.
- Clinical signs develop rather slowly. Benign tumors can take months, sometimes years, to grow. In the case of malignant neoplasms, this period can be significantly reduced (up to a couple of months).
- With oncology, the pet’s condition deteriorates rapidly, the dog weakens, gets tired even with minimal physical exertion, the cough progresses.
- Antimicrobials and antitussives have little effect.
If the owner suspects something was wrong in time, only chemotherapy or radiotherapy can be dispensed with. But this rarely happens, and in most situations the treatment is exclusively surgical.
The dog chokes and grunts, wheezes, coughs
Measured and even breathing almost always indicates the normal health of the pet. In any case, such a dog is probably all right with the respiratory organs. But when the dog is suffocating, there is no longer any talk of “heroic” health. over, with such symptoms, we would advise you to immediately call a veterinarian.!
Periodic attacks of suffocation
If the dog has periodic attacks of suffocation, this may indicate the following pathologies:
- This often indicates asthma.
- This happens with allergies.
- It is possible that this symptom indicates helminthic invasions.
- In many cases, the first and second degree of tracheal collapse manifests itself this way.
- It is possible that in the organs of the respiratory system of the dog, the tumor has “settled” and is slowly growing.
- If the dog is overly impulsive and sensitive, then such signs may indicate the psycho-emotional nature of the seizures.
The dog wheezes, wheezes are heard
It is not uncommon for owners to mistake a dog’s wheezing as a symptom of a cold, and rarely give it serious importance. However, the situation usually changes dramatically if the animal begins an attack, in which the pet loses consciousness, wheezes, and its mucous membranes acquire a bluish tint.
Precisely in order not to bring the animal to such a peak state, dog owners should remember that frequent and loud wheezing is an extremely serious symptom that usually accompanies serious illnesses and pathologies. However, wheezing can be caused by a seemingly insignificant incident, for example, a foreign object entering the larynx of a pet. The type of wheezing can also help to identify the disease. experts distinguish wet and dry wheezing in dogs (each of them has its own characteristics, characteristics and causes). In any case, if this clinical sign is detected, the owners of the animal should immediately take the pet to an appointment with a veterinarian.
Signs of wheezing in dogs
As mentioned earlier, there are several types of wheezing in dogs, each of which has its own characteristics and characteristics.
- Dry wheezing is usually heard due to the fact that the lumen of the bronchi or trachea was narrowed, or due to the presence of too thick secretion. They are clearly audible both when exhaling and when inhaling, however, when exhaling, they are much louder. Often occurs with obstruction of the airways (for example, after a foreign object has entered them) and bronchitis.
- Humid wheezing in a dog usually occurs due to the accumulation of various organic substances in the lungs or respiratory tract, for example, blood or exudate. Air must pass through them, so its movement slows down significantly. Moist wheezing can be heard during both inhalation and exhalation. If enough contents have accumulated in the lungs, wheezing can be heard at close range. Often, similar wheezing in dogs is observed with pulmonary hemorrhage, edema, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia.
- Crepitant wheezing becomes audible if the alveoli have expanded with air. This type of wheezing is best heard during exhalation. Usually, crackling rales appear with pneumonia or fibrosis.
- An inspiratory whistle, often heard as wheezing, is essentially loud breathing that occurs when the airway is narrowed. It occurs with brachycephalic syndrome, paralysis of the vocal cords, as well as when foreign objects enter the trachea.
Possible causes of wheezing in dogs
As mentioned earlier, wheezing is often caused by serious illnesses, pathological conditions, as well as dangerous incidents, including:
- Laryngospasm or laryngeal edema can occur due to allergies, foreign objects entering the animal’s throat, wheezing, and immediately during the attack (can be caused by squeezing the collar) it can look crazy and start gasping for air. over, the mucous membranes of the animal turn blue. The diagnostic process includes anamnesis, sedation with examination of the larynx, and, if necessary, an X-ray examination. As a rule, the treatment of laryngospasm is medication (includes drugs whose action is aimed at relieving puffiness), but in some situations, the doctor may insist on mechanical ventilation. As a rule, laryngospasm is eliminated without unnecessary problems and complications.
- Tracheal collapse is a very common condition in dogs. When the trachea collapses, the trachea is deformed and compacted, thereby preventing air from passing normally during inhalation or exhalation (depending on the case). Most often, tracheal collapse occurs in small decorative dogs such as Chihuahuas, Terriers, Spitz, etc. Most often, at first, the disease does not in any way affect the general condition of the animal (it can only be accompanied by a rare cough due to the pressure of the collar or during stress). Gradually, as it develops, the disease begins to cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, severe cough, temporary loss of consciousness, and wheezing in the dog. X-ray and bronchoscopy are required for diagnosis. Treatment involves giving the animal complete rest and using the neck. If the collapse of the trachea begins to seriously threaten the health and life of the dog, surgery may be ordered. Treatment is usually successful and without serious complications.
- Brachycephalic syndrome. This disease is characterized by a serious disruption of the respiratory system. Most often, such a pathology occurs in pets with a short and round skull and with a flattened nose, namely bulldogs, Pekingese, pugs, etc. However, brachycephalic syndrome can develop not only due to the non-standard structure of the dog’s skull, but also due to hereditary predisposition. Developing, this disease provokes a decrease in the nasal passages, the lumen of the nostrils, as well as an increase in the soft palate and deformation of the larynx. Among the symptoms of the disease, experts distinguish severe snoring, severe shortness of breath, loud wheezing during inhalation, whistling and bluish mucous membranes. Stress, exercise and fever can aggravate the above clinical signs. The list of diagnostic measures for this disease includes: X-ray, auscultation, tracheo-laryngo-bronchoscopy, as well as sedation with an examination of the oral cavity. Usually to correct problems caused by brachycephalic syndrome. surgery is required. If the owner of the pet sounded the alarm in time and took the pet to the veterinarian, the likelihood of its cure without negative consequences is very high.
- The ingestion of foreign objects into the respiratory tract. X-rays and bronchoscopy are required to detect a foreign object. Treatment, of course, involves removing the body from the airways. The possible consequences of such an incident will depend entirely on the severity of the incident.
- The emergence of tumors in the respiratory system of the body. If the dog wheezes, there is a possibility that malignant or benign formations begin to develop in the airways of the body. The onset of tumors is usually accompanied by severe shortness of breath, wheezing and frequent coughing (blood can be found in the sputum). If the doctor suspects the presence of neoplasms and metastases in the lungs of the animal, only X-rays are needed to confirm the diagnosis. If the growths are likely in the trachea or nose of the animal, a biopsy and tomogram is necessary. Treatment involves chemotherapy or thoracotomy. The probability of a cure is not always there and largely depends on the animal’s body.
- Bronchitis, pneumonia (pneumonia). These diseases are accompanied by severe coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. Despite the common misconception, pneumonia and bronchitis are common in dogs. The diagnostic process involves an X-ray examination, a blood test. In some cases, bronchoscopy may be required. Usually, these diseases are treated with antibiotics, various antitussives, antipyretics, etc. In most cases, treatment is successful.
- Pulmonary edema. This pathology is characterized by the fact that the liquid part of the blood gradually sweats out and begins to accumulate in the intercellular space of the lungs. There are many reasons that can cause this condition. The onset of edema is usually accompanied by severe shortness of breath, as well as cyanosis of the mucous membranes. Auscultation and X-ray are necessary for correct diagnosis. Treatment of pulmonary edema involves the use of decongestants; in the most difficult situations, the veterinarian may insist on mechanical ventilation. Next, the doctor must establish the cause that provoked such a condition. This could be, for example, an infection or heart failure. After the identification of the disease. the root cause, it is necessary to begin its treatment.
- Paralysis of the vocal cords and larynx. This condition is characterized by the fact that the air can no longer pass through the glottis of the animal (at least, a sufficient amount of it), and the dog receives less oxygen. Such a pathology can be either congenital or acquired. Most often, paralysis of the larynx and vocal cords is observed in the following breeds: Dalmatians, Rottweilers, huskies. It should also be noted that males suffer from this disease more often than females. Elderly animals are also at risk. In addition to wheezing, paralysis is accompanied by severe shortness of breath and, in some cases, fainting. Diagnosis of paralysis of the larynx and vocal cords involves palpation of the animal’s neck, x-rays, and sedation. Usually, if the dog is wheezing due to paralysis, doctors recommend surgery. It can be plastic surgery of the larynx or tracheostomy. If the operation is successful, there will be no need to worry about the health and life of the animal.
The dog wheezes, what should the owner do?
From the foregoing, it becomes clear that if the dog wheezes, it is better to take the animal to the veterinarian immediately. Remember, there is no way you can diagnose the disease on your own, because this requires special equipment and qualifications.
If the dog’s wheezing has become more and more audible, and its behavior more and more resembles an attack, the owner needs to drop the panic and do the following:
- Open all windows, thereby providing the dog with a large amount of oxygen.
- Do not touch your pet if it looks like it has found the most comfortable position for itself. over, you cannot grab the animal by the chest or neck.
- If you have an oxygen tank at home, don’t be afraid to use it.
- If the dog is in a relatively normal condition, examine its mouth. you may notice a foreign object in its throat. However, you should be as careful as possible. an excited animal may well bite you.
During the above procedures, try to think about when the dog began to wheeze, whether the wheezing was wet or dry, whether it was accompanied by other symptoms, and whether you gave any medication to your pet. All this information can significantly speed up the diagnostic process, and in especially severe cases, even save the dog’s life.