When kittens open their eyes
Good eyesight is the main weapon of any cat. Most purrs retain vigilant vision until old age. But almost all kittens are born completely blind. In exceptional cases, babies can be born with their eyes ajar, but this is extremely rare. In this article, we will discuss on what day kittens open their eyes after birth.
When kittens eyes open
Newborn kittens are small blind and deaf lumps that cannot fully move, except crawl weakly and turn their head from side to side. However, it is still impossible to call even such crumbs completely helpless, since kittens from birth have relatively well developed senses of smell and touch. But until the ear canals and eyes open, the babies will remain not too active, depending entirely on the mother cat.
How many days do kittens open their eyes after birth? Most often, the process of opening the eye begins in cats at 10-12 days of life, but at the same time some pets see their eyes a little earlier, while others can remain blind up to 3 weeks of life. So, in Siamese cats, representatives of the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex breeds, as well as in hairless sphinxes, their eyes can open as early as 2-5 days of life, but in Ragdolls and Maine Coons. on 16-19 days. By the way, kittens begin to hear at about the same time when they begin to see (i.e., on average, after 12 days of life). Thus, kittens do not stay in the silent darkness for so long.
Based on the following data, you can roughly predict when kittens will have their eyes open:
Mother’s age. Very weak kittens are often born in young first-born cats and in very elderly cats. They begin to see relatively late, slowly gain weight, are susceptible to various diseases due to weak immunity. First of all, kittens grow stronger and become sighted from healthy middle-aged cats;
Duration of pregnancy in a cat. The less time a cat spends carrying kittens, the later they will begin to open their eyes. On average, the duration of bearing offspring in females is about 63 days, but sometimes premature babies are born in cats;
Республика ШКИД (советский фильм трагикомедия 1966 год)
Kitten gender. In females, the eyes begin to open a couple of days earlier than in males from the same litter;
We have already found out that kittens open their eyes after birth by an average of 10-14 days. Blind eyelids do not open completely immediately. First, a small slit appears between the lower and upper eyelids, but after about a week it will be possible to see what the baby’s eye shape will be.
In all kittens, in the first week after the beginning of the opening of the eyelids, the eyes remain cloudy, their color is gray-blue. During this period, small animals do not clearly see everything that is happening around them. But they can already distinguish light from darkness, large objects from small ones. The approximate permanent (adult) color of the eyes of a kitten is established only by 3 months of age. And already at 6 months you can find out with accuracy what color your pet’s eyes will be.
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The first weeks of life, kittens are completely dependent on their mother. The cat not only feeds the cubs with milk, but also warms them with the warmth of its body, protects them from danger and licks the fur of the babies. And the owner can become an assistant to the mother cat, providing her and her children with comfortable conditions:
In the nest, where kittens spend all their time with a cat, it must certainly be clean. Very often, babies’ eyes become inflamed precisely because of dirty beds;
The bed with kittens and a cat should be placed in a warm, moderately draft-free room. It is important that the sun’s rays do not fall on the resting place of the animals. Only the opening eyes of kittens must be protected from sunburn;
To prevent the development of conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye), kittens’ eyes can be wiped from the outer corner to the inner corner with a cotton swab dipped in cooled and strained chamomile or calendula broth. Freshly brewed strong tea is also suitable (you can use green or black strained and unheated tea without additives). Instead of herbal decoctions and tea, you can use Furacilin solution or Diamond Eyes veterinary drops. If the kitten has purulent discharge from the eyes, you need to seek help from a veterinarian. Uncontrolled use of antibiotic eye drops to treat kittens can lead to undesirable consequences;
When kittens open their eyes?
Many cat owners will have to go through the exciting moment of the birth of little kittens. But there are many questions and concerns behind this. For example, when kittens’ eyes open and what to do if it seems that the kitten is “late” in learning about the world?
Kittens are born completely helpless, blind, deaf. The first days of life is justified, since the newborn sleeps up to 95% of the time. However, the kitten is growing up, its main task is to study the world where it will live. And for this he needs sight and hearing.
According to unwritten laws, the owners are always looking forward to this important moment when the kittens’ eyes open. From this time on, the kitten becomes more active, more independent, makes contact with the owner, examines the world around him. Then he begins to learn to walk, keeps balance easier, learns to distinguish light.
Usually, the eyes open on the 5-10th day of life, but there are factors that can significantly change this time frame. These factors include the breed, the duration of the cat’s pregnancy and even the living conditions of the kittens.
Health status of mom and kittens
If the kittens are healthy, eat well and the cat devotes enough time to caring for them, then the eyes, as a rule, open in a timely manner. The delay may indicate that there are viruses. Also, the reason for the delay in opening the eyes can be a disease or disorders in the development of the kitten.
Much depends on the breed
It is known that in most cases shorthaired breeds develop faster than longhaired cats, and oriental cats develop much faster than other cat breeds.
So, for example, sphinxes (Don, Canadian, Peterbalds) are often born with already slightly open eyes, and on days 2-3, the eyes open completely; Siamese and Thais become sighted on days 3-6, Siberian and Persian cats on days 5-9, and British cats on days 6-10.
How the eyes open?
Kittens’ eyes open gradually, the process takes 1 to 3 days. The opening starts from the inner corner of the eye, and gradually a small crack gradually enlarges, opening the iris. But the process is not over yet.
Only after 5-10 days kittens begin to distinguish the outlines of objects, but this does not happen before the end of the first two weeks of life. Until this moment, you need to take care of the stay of the kittens in a dark place so that the bright light does not damage the delicate pupil.
How long were the kittens born??
Another important indicator is the gestation period for kittens. If the kittens are walking around and the kittens are born on the 68-71 days, then it is possible that the kittens will be born with their eyes already open or will open them in a much shorter time.
What to do if the kitten won’t open its eyes?
Do not panic and rush the kittens ahead of time. If the eyes of the animal do not open in the first two weeks after birth, your task is simply to carefully observe the furry, paying attention to other symptoms and ailments. If, after two weeks, the kitten does not open his eyes, this is a serious reason to think.
The first thing you can try is to rinse the eyes of the animal with black tea (no additives, flavors or sugar). Just soak a cotton ball in the tea and then try to open your eyes very gently and gently. Of course, you can’t show strength here. If there is still no progress, it is best to seek help from an experienced veterinarian.
What are the reasons that the kitten does not open his eyes??
- Fusion of the eyelids. In addition to closed eyes, it is also characterized by the presence of abscesses. You can get rid of this ailment by washing the eyes with strong tea. If this procedure does not help, you will have to take the furry to the operation.
- Conjunctivitis. The kitten does not open his eyes, which are very watery? Perhaps he has conjunctivitis. You can get rid of this disease with a special solution. Talk to your veterinarian about choosing the right medication.
Also read: How to feed a month old kitten?
As you can see, the period when kittens begin to see comes pretty quickly. In some cases, animals open their eyes as early as the third day after birth. Next, your task is to help the pussies maintain their visual acuity. Try to keep the animals in a room that is not brightly lit and if necessary rinse the eyes with clean water. This way you can avoid infection.
When kittens eyes open
In all animals, cubs are born in varying degrees of readiness for life in a large and complex world. For some, children immediately stand on their feet, while others have to feed them for a long time, like, for example, a kangaroo. In cats, this period can last from one to three months, after which the kittens become quite strong and independent.
At the beginning of their life, they see nothing, but instinctively gravitate towards the mother and her milk. During this period, the kitten is completely defenseless, and needs the supervision of the mother-cat, and, of course, the owner.
We will tell you about how long it takes kittens to open their eyes and about other features of their development in the postnatal period.
When kittens open their eyes after birth
Almost all kittens are born blind. This is provided by nature, and there is no danger in this. There is no exact time, common to all kittens, when their eyes will open. But for most, this happens within a week. one and a half after birth. It is perfectly normal for this to happen after 15 or even 20 days. This happens gradually, and can take several days. On the first day, a small crack appears, through which the baby sees the light, but still does not distinguish much. After another couple of days, he is able to see silhouettes. Vision itself, its clarity, is formed over time.
How many days kittens’ eyes open can depend on a number of factors. These include the breed of the cat, and, of course, the individual characteristics of the development of each kitten.
In a breed such as the Sphynx, it is quite normal for kittens to be born with sightedness. But within normal limits and opening the eyes on the second. third day. Ragdolls stay blind much longer. Their kittens can begin to see only after 20 days, and oriental breeds within the first week. If you are wondering what time kittens eyes open in British cats, we inform you that the owners will need to wait a week and a half.
- According to statistics, female kittens begin to see earlier;
- Shorthaired cats are also ahead of their longhaired brethren;
- If kittens are premature, then they develop significantly faster.
Vision itself takes a long time to develop. The open eye is still poorly protected from bright light. Nature foresaw this, and covered it with a film. It is normal to see a young animal at 4. 5 weeks of age.
The kitten does not open his eyes: what to do
Cat owners often face various problems. For example, a common question on the cat-lovers forum: the kitten’s eyes do not open. what to do? Should you be afraid of such a phenomenon, or should you just wait a little longer? Whether to sound the alarm, as you have already understood, is worth it if the breed is characterized by an early discovery. Premature kittens will see their eyes longer, like representatives of the ragdoll breed.
At the same time, there are congenital anomalies of development, such as fusion of the eyelids. It can be partial, and goes away on its own in two or three weeks, or complete. In the latter case, help is required. Otherwise, pus will begin to accumulate in the eyes, and the animal may go blind.
- It is recommended to lightly massage the eyelids to speed up the process.
- Also, tea lotions are used, followed by processing with boric alcohol;
- Complete fusion is removed surgically in a veterinary clinic. The doctor makes incisions, and then the eyelids are treated with petroleum jelly with the addition of boric alcohol and saline.
When kittens open their eyes after birth, depends on various diseases, among which one of the most common is conjunctivitis. The disease can develop for two reasons. a general infection and a mechanical injury received by accident.
- The appearance of crusts on the eyes;
- Swollen eyelids;
To eliminate the problem, tea leaves, ordinary boiled water and special preparations are used. Sometimes additional treatment and tests are required. It is important to find out which harmful microorganisms are causing the pathology.
Features of the development of different breeds
As a rule, long-haired kittens open their eyes much faster than short-haired kittens. However, this is not entirely true. Above, I have already said that the life span during which kittens open their eyes will depend, among other things, on the breed of your fluffy. The above norms concern mainly the so-called street or mongrel purrs. If you have acquired a fluffy with a pedigree, it is important to find out the distinctive features of the development of the whole organism, including with respect to the period when kittens’ eyes open.
- Maine Coons. Large fluffy cats have long stood out among their relatives. In adulthood, some animals can reach over 10 kg. However, as far as the early stages of development are concerned, Maine Coons are slightly behind the usual yard cat. And this is not surprising, because the body needs more time to grow and develop due to the large size of the purr. For the first time, kittens open their eyes 12-15 days after birth.
- Sphinxes. The noble hairless purr breeds open their eyes 3-4 days after birth.
- Scottish and Persian breeds are slightly behind some of their relatives. Because of this, many furry owners are interested in how many days kittens’ eyes open. Here you will have to wait a little. the kittens’ vision finishes forming about 8-10 days after birth.
- Bobtail. Like Maine Coons, this breed of cats develops more slowly than some other fluffy cats. Their kittens open their eyes 10-12 days after birth.
- Ragdolls require special attention. the cat should not leave the babies for at least two weeks. After all, kittens’ eyes begin to open only 15-17 days after birth.
- Siamese cats do not differ from the standard. Fuzzies open their eyes 4-5 days after birth.
By the way, as soon as pedigree kittens open their eyes, you should help them with vision care. To do this, you need to regularly rinse the eyes with clean boiled water. For greater eye protection, you can use a decoction of chamomile or regular strong black tea (without flavors and various additives).
Related questions from kitten owners
Pet owners are interested not only on what day the kittens’ eyes open, but also other questions. We will devote them a whole section of our review, touching on the most important points for you.
- At what age do kittens acquire full hearing? Usually not earlier than 9 days. But the quality improves during the first month of life and then hearing develops;
- When will kittens be able to move freely around the room? By the month the small animal is already walking well, and by the age of one and a half, it actively runs, quite coping with the coordination of movements;
- At about one month of age, the kitten learns to use the toilet. Mom teaches him to bury the results of “activities”;
- The eruption of milk teeth is completed on the 10-14th day, and by the third month the kitten receives a complete set. Two months later, the process of changing the milk bite to a permanent one begins;
- Up to a month, kittens feed on mother’s milk. After this age, you can begin to slowly accustom him to natural food. It can be special food for the little ones, cottage cheese, egg yolk and minced meat. Serve food in small portions and chopped up. During the second month of life, the kitten must be fully accustomed to the new food.
- Some owners give kittens massage. How effective this is, experts cannot say. In addition, this is how animals acquire the smell of a person, to which the cat can react in different ways. Some cats begin to lick their cubs to eliminate the odor, while others may not recognize the offspring at all.
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1 day of life. a kitten is born completely blind, but he very quickly develops a sense of smell and touch, thanks to which he quickly finds source of food. Crawling. right after birth, shaking with a small body and bumping into brothers and sisters. It distinguishes well between light and shadow. shudders when a new bright source of light appears. Funny snorts! Without seeing or hearing anything, babies have a developed sense of smell and touch. they find the nipples of a mother-cat by smell! Kittens are conveniently kept in a cardboard box, which I must cover on top with a light or warm (depending on the season and temperature in the room) blanket. For two weeks (before opening the eyes), kittens should live in almost complete darkness, and even after the eyes have opened, kittens should not be taken out into the bright light. The box should be placed in a draft-free area.
5 days of life. the kitten starts to hear! Defends its right to the nipple, pushing siblings away. Interestingly, most kittens do not suck all nipples in a row, but choose one, capturing it in their mouth, they massage the mammary gland with their front paws, forcing it to lactate more abundantly. There is no tremor reflex in the first 6 days, so kittens are completely dependent on mother’s warmth to maintain the required body temperature.
6-14 days. the eyes open, first for the first born baby, then for the rest, first in the form of a crack, then, after a couple of days, entirely. After 14 days of life. milk teeth begin to grow, at 3-4 weeks. canines grow. Every day, until they reach 2 weeks, we weigh each kitten and monitor their growth. All data is recorded in a separate, specially wound up notebook.
Starting from 4 weeks. the kitten begins to walk, but the coordination of movements is not yet fully developed; quickly becomes active, plays, explores the world around him, the kitten seems awkward. Gradually, facial expressions and gestures become expressive: when strangers approach, the baby slightly arches its back, taking a defensive posture, presses its ears to its head, falls to the ground, the hair stands on end, a quiet hiss is heard I love this period of kittens’ life! These are the little ones, warm, soft and deliciously smelling of milk:
Scope’s First Kitten to Open Eyes!! 7 Day Old Kittens Close Up!
If there are a lot of kittens in the litter and the mother cannot cope, and also considering that the kittens have teeth and each feeding of numerous offspring causes pain in the mother cat, at any stage from birth, you can start feeding the babies. And our assistant in this is a substitute that is as close as possible in its properties to cat milk, for example, such as Royal Canin Babycat Milk. To be honest, the lesson is not fast and requires a lot of care and love. Unfortunately, the nipples included in the kit with milk are not suitable, and I recommend feeding the kittens through a syringe without a needle, but here you have to be careful not to injure the baby’s delicate mouth. It is also important that the food is warm, not hot or cold. In small containers, food cools down quickly, so it is best to keep the formula in a large container at the right temperature (i.e. in a water bath) during feeding. It is good to know that this milk can also be given to a lactating cat. This is how it was with us with the litter on “A”, at the 3rd week of the babies’ life, Grechenka was tired and I helped her recover: I completely took over 1 day of feeding, and then we set up a watch and fed in turn:
from 4 weeks of age kittens begin to be fed with “adult” food, this is a special time for a kitten. We must teach him to eat and drink in a completely different way than he is used to. Twice a day: in the morning and in the evening, the kids each receive their own portion of pate and dry food is placed in the aviary. the kittens first try to “bury” it, then gradually get used to the smell and crack it with pleasure. At the same time, not at all giving up the services of your beloved mom.
45 days of life. the British kitten acquires a beautiful body shape, has good coordination of movements and already needs space for play. The aviary is expanded, a scratching post is added and gradually, in stages, limited and exclusively under the close attention of a person. access from the playhouse is opened. All these safety measures are connected with whom, that still unintelligent kittens easily climb up, but they need to be taught to go down so as not to stretch their ligaments.
And now at 1.5 months the first “publication” is made. litter registration, when the quality of each baby is determined, obvious defects are identified, and the potential class of the kitten is determined. In our nursery, the registration is carried out by an international category judge, candidate of biological sciences and a wonderful person Inna Vladimirovna Shustrova, therefore each registration is like a mini-exhibition: the choice of best of best and comparisons, the event is fun and very interesting, for which many thanks to Inna Vladimirovna! Based on the act of registration and registration of the litter, the kitten is given a metric with an individual number.
From that moment on, the little baby kitten becomes a full-fledged feline person. a kitten of the British Shorthair breed. and has as a document not only a mustache and a tail!
From about 1.5 months, it is no longer possible to keep young growing organisms, they easily jump over the aviary, 1.2 meters high. And our task is to prepare the rooms for the raid of very curious kids: plug up all the holes, remove the vases, figurines and everything that can harm the kids. Everything, the aviary is cleaned and the whole room is given to the kittens! Here’s the joy.
a few photos of British kittens from our everyday life:
How to wash a kitten’s eyes?
It is necessary to rinse the eyes of a sick kitten as often as possible. The faster and more thoroughly you eliminate the source of infection, the faster recovery will come.
To soak and remove crusts, you can use:
- Pure boiled water.
- Strong brewing of tea (real, leaf).
- Warm saline diluted with clean water (1: 1).
- Decoctions of antiseptic herbs. can cause an allergic reaction.
- Veterinary eyelid cleaning solutions.
A cotton sponge is thoroughly moistened with the selected solution, which must be applied to the kitten’s eye and held for a little. After a few minutes, the discharge is open and easy to eliminate. Discharge should be removed from nose to ear.
Important! Don’t skimp on cotton sponges! Rubbing with the same sponge several times will only aggravate the situation.
Eye problems in a Scottish or British kitten
The most common ophthalmic problems in a Scottish or British kitten, oddly enough, are related to the size of the eyes. Many owners of already adult cats of these breeds often complain of chronic discharge from the eyes, which leaves streaks on the muzzle. In kittens, these problems can be observed for several reasons:
- Defects in the formation of the nasolacrimal canal. lead to profuse discharge of tears for no apparent reason.
- Allergic reaction to food or substances in the environment. that is, food or non-food allergies.
- Physical irritation of the mucous membranes. occurs due to improper formation or growth of eyelashes, curl or eversion of the eyelids.
- Poor care. if a cat develops discharge from the eyes, it must be carefully cleaned with damp cotton pads. When using tea leaves or herbal infusions, without prior consultation with a veterinarian, irritation may worsen and an allergic reaction may occur.
Almost always, treatment is carried out by a conservative method. drops or other procedures that are carried out at home are prescribed. In rare cases, problems are solved surgically.
By the way, in addition to discharge from the eyes, against the background of improper formation of the nasolacrimal canal, kittens of the British and Scottish breeds may suffer from chronic dryness of the mucous membrane.
Reasons why a kitten’s eyes fester
Before using any drugs, especially without prior consultation with a veterinarian, you need to clarify as much as possible the reasons for the disease. In most cases, it is more convenient to determine the cause by going by reducing Spectra symptoms.
All causes of eye discharge can be divided into:
Why Do Kittens Have Closed Eyes and When Do They Open?!
- Viral. from contact with a sick animal, a healthy one quickly becomes infected.
- Infectious. the disease occurs against the background of eye damage by microbes, fungi, bacteria.
- Congenital. ailments resulting from impaired intrauterine development.
- Post-traumatic. a disease that occurs after injury or as a result of permanent injury.
According to the method of development, ailments can be divided into:
- Local. affects only the eyes and communicating mucous membranes.
- Extensive. have a negative effect on the entire body.
It is important to understand that purulent discharge from the eyes can signal ailments that develop secretly and adversely affect the immune system.
The formation of pus, in itself, is not dangerous if the discharge is yellowish or white. In this case, pus is sterile and is a product of the processing of dead tissue.
If the pus has a strong odor, green, brown or other unnatural color, this indicates reinfection and severe inflammation, which is often accompanied by an increase in temperature.
What to do if a kitten’s eyes fester?
What if you notice suspicious symptoms? It is best to immediately consult a veterinarian for advice. If for some reason a doctor is not available, you can try to alleviate the pet’s condition at home. Remember, the main principle of treatment without veterinarian supervision is to do no harm. Try not to use medications unless absolutely necessary. Read the instructions carefully before using any medication.
The kitten’s eyes are glued over and do not open
The most common cause of a discharge that causes the eyelids to stick together and keep the eyes from opening is conjunctivitis.
- Infectious. occurs against the background of irritation of the mucous membrane, due to dust, weathering and other external factors.
- Viral. is a symptom of an infectious disease that develops covertly or acutely.
- Allergic. occurs against the background of constant arousal of immunity.
- Chronic. may occur against the background of constant dryness of the eyes, malfunctioning of the nasolacrimal canals, corneal ulceration and for other reasons.
Regardless of the cause, conjunctivitis is accompanied by purulent discharge from the eyes. When the kitten sleeps, the mucous membranes of the eyes are actively cleared, which leads to a profuse discharge of pus. Pus dries quickly, sticks together eyelashes, hairs and eyelids, which makes it difficult to open the kitten’s eyes after waking up.
How to treat conjunctivitis at home?
How to treat a kitten with conjunctivitis at home? First of all, you need to understand that conjunctivitis is very contagious. Even if a kitten has one eye festering, literally in a few days the disease is a parasite and the other.
When processing, it is necessary to observe the measures of maximum sterility. The sponges that you will use to clean your eyes must be constantly changed. rubbed once, thrown away.
Note! At home, only conjunctivitis can be really treated; for this, the kitten’s eyes need to be washed and buried. If the kitten has problems with the eyelids, cornea, lacrimal canals. you need to contact your veterinarian.
When handling a kitten, it is best to use medical gloves. In cats and humans, conjunctivitis can occur from the same pathogen, so make sure that children do not come into contact with the animal.
The kitten has a runny nose (snot) and he sneezes
If a kitten has snot (runny nose, rhinitis), he constantly sneezes, and his eyes water, there are three probable reasons:
- A viral disease that leads to irritation of the mucous membranes. Rhinotracheitis is possible in small, unvaccinated kittens.
Alarming symptoms caused by allergies disappear without external intervention when the allergen is eliminated. Most often, an allergic reaction occurs after a sharp change in diet or the purchase of accessories with which the cat is in constant contact.
Food allergies are detected by exclusion. The source of non-food allergies is more difficult to identify because the cat’s body can react to airborne substances such as pollen.
Colds in kittens need to be treated if the disease severely suppresses the immune system. Most often, kittens over 3 months old tolerate colds without additional therapy. Naturally, until the kitten recovers, it must be provided with comfort, high-calorie nutrition and constant warm drink.
Viral diseases do not go away by themselves, and if ignored, it leads to the death of the pet.
It is important to understand that a viral disease can only be eliminated by targeted therapy. Treatment with antibiotics, cough and other drugs is useless.
Diseases in a street, mongrel kitten
A street kitten is likely to develop the following ailments affecting the eyes:
- Acute otitis media. irritates the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes.
- Rhinotracheitis and other viral diseases.
- Ulcerative keratitis.
- Food and non-food allergies, especially before 3 months of age.
- Helminthic invasion. leads to general intoxication, which contributes to irritation of the mucous membranes and their inflammation.
Kittens that were born and raised on the street are critically prone to the above problems. As soon as babies turn 4 weeks old, almost all of them fall ill, and some do not survive.
Most often we are talking about rhinotracheitis, which is contagious. It is important to understand that after recovering from rhinotracheitis, some animals remain carriers and can infect healthy cats.
The kitten does not open his eyes: when to sound the alarm?
After birth, kittens look like defenseless hairballs, having neither hearing nor sight, but only smell and touch to find a nipple with milk. And the first three weeks all the care of them falls on the fluffy “shoulders” of the mother cat.
A separate question that worries many owners of newly appeared fluffy fidgets. when kittens eyes open. To begin with, it is worth giving a few useful facts about the structure of this sense organ. If we compare the eyes of a cat with a human, then it can be noted that their size is much larger than other parts of the body. In the retina of cats, like humans, there are nerve endings, the so-called rods.
The ratio of rods to cones (another type of nerve endings) in a cat is 25 to 1, which is almost 7 times higher than this ratio in humans. It is due to this that fluffy households can see perfectly at dusk when an insufficient amount of light arrives (people need six times more light to see). but in total darkness they are also blind.
Another feature is that the eyeballs of this animal are more round in shape with the cornea and lens located closer to the center, due to which the viewing angle is significantly expanded. Like humans, cats have protection in the form of eyelids with mucous membranes, only baleen have three eyelids, which contributes to better protection of the eyes from external irritants.
By the way, the opinion that cats see everything in shades of gray is erroneous. Recent studies have shown that, although they are weak, they still perceive the world as colored. There is only one condition. the angle of view should be more than forty-five degrees. Therefore, if the pussy likes to watch TV, then she will sit almost close to him.
It is very important during this period of opening the eyes that the mustache are in a dark place, out of the reach of bright light. And if the kitten shows signs of anxiety, does not suck the cat badly or looks lethargic, then it is urgent to show it to the veterinarian.
Now to an exciting question. Kittens develop very quickly and everyone’s eyes open differently. But on average, you can name the period from the 7th to the 14th day. No, this does not mean that if the kitten does not open its eyes two weeks after birth, then it is blind. Some individuals open them as early as 2-5 days (this is especially true for representatives of the Sphynx and Rex breeds). As already mentioned. it all depends on the breed, as well as on the conditions in which the kids are, heredity and just luck.
It has been noticed that in long-haired breeds the opening process is slower than in short-haired breeds. If the kittens live in a darkened place, then the opening process will happen faster, and conversely, if the newborns are surrounded by bright light. slower. The duration of pregnancy also plays an important role.
If the cat gave birth on the 68-70 day, then the likelihood that babies’ eyes will open earlier is very high. The very process of opening the peephole, as a rule, is the same for everyone. The first sign that the discovery has begun. the appearance of a “tear” in the inner corner, then a small gap is seen, which in a day, at most two, will fully open.
And here’s the result. The pale blue, almost gray, slightly slanting, unintelligent eyes of the baby are looking at the world. But their vision is still not quite clear, therefore future cats and cats orient themselves in space with the help of the same senses. touch and smell.
Interestingly, only white cats have multi-colored eyes. These individuals, like white representatives with the same blue eyes, are also prone to deafness. over, weak hearing occurs only from the side of the blue eye.
But what to do if, nevertheless, the kitten’s eyes do not open? You can help him by rinsing the glued eyelids with a strong infusion of black tea or a weak solution of boric acid and only after that try to gently open your eyes.
So, in individuals that have gone through this simple opening process, the eyeball has a cloudy cornea and a faded gray-blue color. Pigmentation (i.e. color change) begins after 3 weeks from birth, and by 9-12 weeks it is completed. the kitten has its own natural eye color. But again, these terms are rather arbitrary and the shade can change throughout life. As, for example, in the representatives of the Siamese breed, whose blue eyes take place in adolescence, and in the future can fade significantly. As for the clarity of vision, the final development of the visual field occurs 34 days after the eyes open, the acuity is formed by the 25th day. If a kitten becomes blind in childhood, changes will occur in its cerebral cortex: the number of neurons responsible for vision will decrease, and the portion of neurons that provide the impact of auditory and tactile stimuli will increase. Scientists have noticed that blind cats have longer whiskers (about 30%). Thus, the lack of one vision is more than compensated for by others. smell, touch, hearing. Distinguishing a blind purr from a healthy one can be very difficult, not everyone can cope with this task.
worth saying. only love and care for the mother-cat and kittens will help them grow up healthy and strong. And sight and hearing will appear at the right time. providing comfortable conditions. one of the primary tasks of a good owner.
What to do if a newborn kitten does not open its eyes for a long time
Most often, 3-4 days after birth, kittens begin to open their eyes. This process does not tolerate haste, its gradual and consistent course is considered an absolute norm. But what to do and what to do when the kitten does not open one eye?
Factors affecting the opening of the eye
How kittens eyes open is influenced by the following factors:
- Breed. In breeds such as the Rex and the Sphynx, the eyelids open on the second day after birth. Many sphinxes are born with their eyelids ajar. The offspring of Persian breeds become sighted in the period from 5 to 9 days, the Siamese open their eyes on the 5th day, the British are fully sighted on the 10-12th day.
- Accommodations. If the kittens are in a brightly lit room, they will fully see through a longer period of time.
- Coat length. In smooth-haired pets, the process is faster than in long-haired pets.
- Duration of pregnancy in a cat. If kittens were born on time, then their eyes will open on time.
- Health of mothers and offspring. If the pets are healthy, eat right and the mother takes care of the kittens for a long period, their eyes will open at the appointed time.
When kittens eyes open and how it happens?
Furry pets begin to see when their eyelids are fully extended. The process lasts 2-3 weeks and is conventionally divided into several periods. The first stage is the appearance of a narrow slit, the corners of the eyelids are slightly watery.
After the first 7 days of life, the activity of pets increases: the duration of sleep decreases, the cubs try to move more and crawl away from their mother. In the second week, the eyelids open wider. The process depends not only on the number of offspring, but also on genetics. A big role is played by the age of the mother, the level of illumination of the room in which the offspring live, the breed.
At first, the eyes of small kittens remain cloudy, the cornea is not fully formed, the pupil is poorly visible, therefore, fluffy pets learn to focus over time. By the time of teething, kittens learn to distinguish outlines of objects at a distance of 3 m.The color of the iris during the opening period in all four-legged animals is light blue.
But it also happens that a kitten has one eye opened, while the other remains closed. Consider the reasons for this phenomenon.
Kitten eye problems
If the kitten has not yet reached 3 weeks of age, then there is no reason to panic. It is possible to detect pathologies in development with the help of observation. With incomplete opening of the pet’s eyes, the following reasons for anxiety are distinguished:
- Fusion of the eyelids. Adhesion symptoms: swelling in the eye area, purulent discharge at the edges. If the disease is not fully manifested, a light massage will help. Before starting the procedure, moisten the eyelid area with tea leaves, then blot with a cotton swab moistened with diluted boric alcohol (water 1: 1). If the eyelids have grown tightly, surgery will be required.
- Conjunctivitis. The disease manifests itself most often with damage to the eye sockets and infection in them. With conjunctivitis, the eyelids also swell, but unlike adhesions, they stick together due to the drying out of purulent formations. Rinsing with a weak tea solution, which is recommended to be done several times a day, will help soften such adhesion. Eye drops and other solutions prescribed by your veterinarian can be used in place of tea. If after 2-3 days the problem does not disappear, it is recommended to contact the veterinary clinic and undergo an examination.
- Congenital blindness. This pathology is not so common. If the reason is blindness, the sense of smell and hearing are highly developed in tetrapods with this disease. Grown up kittens do not differ from their healthy counterparts, because orientate in space due to other abilities and feelings.
If there are no pronounced symptoms of disease or inflammation, and the kittens still do not open their eyes, this is not a reason to worry. You should be patient and wait. Perhaps four-legged pets develop slowly.
What to do if a kitten doesn’t open one eye?
You can help your pets to cope with the problem. To do this, it is recommended to perform simple manipulations:
- Prepare a strong tea solution, cool. Using a cotton swab, thoroughly wipe the eye slits several times a day.
- Dilute boric alcohol, treat the area of the pets’ organs of vision with a cotton swab.
- For purulent discharge, it is best to see a doctor. First aid: lotions from a solution of baking soda. A decoction of chamomile will also help relieve inflammation.
You cannot use medications on your own, especially with an antibiotic, because the reason for this position with the eyes can be different. Rash and hasty decisions can harm the health of kittens, lead to irritation of the mucous membranes and other negative consequences.
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