When kittens open their eyes and what they are able to see
Features of the discovery according to the breed
According to the timing of eye opening in pups, cat breeds are arranged in the following order:
- Sphynxes: kittens open their eyes on the third day of life, some individuals are born sighted.
- Thais and Siamas receive their sight at the age of 3-6.
- Siberian kittens open their eyes on 5-7 days of life, British one day later.
- In Scottish pussies, the eyelids open slightly on the fifth day, but the process differs in duration and ends at the end of the second week of life.
- Maine Coons and Ragdolls do not see their sight until the middle of the second ten days.
Why is a kitten born with closed eyes??
The living conditions of the ancestors of modern cats in the wild were not conducive to long-term bearing of the fetus. Therefore, kittens were born premature, blind and deaf. Compared to cubs of other species, of course.
The second reason for blindness is the protection of an unformed organism from the penetration of microbes and other unfavorable factors. The cornea of the eye is the gateway to the bloodstream. Cubs need time to get antibodies to pathogens from mother’s colostrum so that the immune system is ready to ward off microbial aggression.
But the cat does not have time to nurse the kittens for a long time. To feed offspring, she needs to hunt, then milk will be enough. Therefore, the development of babies in the external environment is proceeding at an accelerated pace.
How to understand that a kitten is blind?
It is impossible to notice signs of blindness in a kitten immediately after the eyes have opened, because the eyes of the cubs are still so weak that they all continue to behave like the blind for some time. You can suspect vision problems towards the end of the 1st month. A blind kitten walks uncertainly, often bumping into obstacles. Blurred eyes are also a sign of vision problems.
You can check your guess by conducting a simple test: bring a finger or any object to the kitten’s face and start moving it in different directions. A healthy baby will follow him, the sight of a blind kitten will remain motionless. The reaction of pupils to light is also indicative. with an increase in the intensity of illumination, their diameter decreases, with a decrease, it increases. In a blind animal, there is no pupillary reaction. If you suspect blindness, a kitten should be shown to the veterinarian. Diagnostic measures to check vision and make a diagnosis:
- visual examination of the organs of vision;
- determination of the state of the internal structures of the eye using an ophthalmoscope;
- Ultrasound of the eyeball to determine the position of the lens, identify pathologies in the tissues of the eyes, assess the work of muscles and blood vessels;
- electroretinography to assess the condition of the retina;
- MRI to determine the integrity of structures, identify inflammatory processes, neoplasms, blood flow disorders.
Blindness is not a death sentence for a cat. The behavior of a kitten born blind practically does not differ from the behavior of a healthy one, because in blind animals other senses are exacerbated. smell, touch, hearing, which allows them to navigate well in space and lead a full life. Such kittens usually make excellent companions, everywhere following their owner.
Why kittens don’t open their eyes on time?
Eye opening does not always happen on time for the following reasons:
- Conjunctivitis. inflammation of the mucous membrane may begin before opening. In this case, the germs are passed on by the mother. The owner is to blame for not vaccinating the cat in a timely manner and feeding it with inadequate food. The owner is given the opportunity to correct the error. The mother is transferred to a super premium class food designed for juniors or kittens over a month old. Inflamed organs of vision are washed with drops of Diamond eyes or similar.
- Adhesion of the eyelids: the problem can only be solved by a veterinarian operatively or with the help of therapeutic massage.
How to teach a kitten to eat on their own, at what age they start to eat themselves
Knowing when a kitten’s eyes open helps the cat owner determine if the kitten’s rate of development is up to breed standards. If you find developmental abnormalities, you should contact your veterinarian.
Newborn kittens have a minimum of skills: they cannot hear and walk, they can only crawl and suck milk, orienting themselves in space by smell. Babies are born with closed eyes, and they begin to see only some time after birth. How many days do kittens open their eyes? What does it depend on? What are the signs of pathology?
When kittens open their eyes
When kittens that have opened their eyes begin to see their surroundings?
Kittens’ eyes open within a few days. First, small cracks appear on the inside. They gradually diverge and reveal dull blue eyes, which will acquire a permanent color only after a few months. At first, animals are only able to distinguish between light and shadow, so they continue to search for their mother by smell and bump into each other.
A little later, babies begin to see the vague outlines of objects, after 5-10 days they can already distinguish their shape. Visual function almost completely returns to normal at 4-5 weeks, but the gaze is not immediately focused, and the pupils do not respond quickly enough to light. the organs of vision continue to form.
How the eyelids open?
The first slits appear from the side facing the nose. Clearance gradually increases, however, full disclosure may take from several days to 10 days.
All kittens have initially dull blue eyes and at this moment the animal only reacts to light and distinguishes silhouettes of objects. At this time, bright lighting is harmful for him, however, the mother-cat knows better how to care for the cubs.
The kitten cannot open its eyes
Ten days after birth, kittens begin to open their eyes, initially there are narrow slits, and then, like beads, two small buttons glow. This is a normal process. But what to do when the kitten’s eyes won’t open? This phenomenon is alarming for the owners.
It is a pleasure to watch the opening of the small beads. To begin with, tears appear in the inner corner, then a small crack forms, which increases every day. The result is small shiny buttons. But if your eyes do not open well, is it worth doing something?
Reasons for not opening your eyes
Newborn fluffy babies develop quickly and their eyes usually open after 1.2 weeks. But there are exceptions when babies stay with their eyes closed for more time.
So, kittens can open their eyes depending on the following factors:
- From the breed. There are breeds in which the eyes open already on day 2, but these cats are purebred: Rex and Sphynx.
- From living conditions. If babies are exposed to light, their eyes will open completely for a long time. Kittens grow in a darkened place, then their eyes will erupt faster.
- In long-haired kittens, this process takes much slower than in smooth-haired ones. This feature depends on the breed.
- Duration of pregnancy in a cat. If the pussies were born on time, then their eyes will erupt on time.
When do Kittens Open Their EYES After Birth? Find Out Here!
2 weeks have passed, and the baby is still blind or the kitten’s eyes are barely visible, this should alert the owners, since pathological deviations are possible. Contacting a veterinarian in this case is mandatory.
One eye of the baby cannot open, while the other he looks great. This phenomenon is troubling. This may be due to a foreign body or a cold. If the eye begins to fester, then it may be conjunctivitis. If the kitten does not fully open one eye, then in any case, you cannot do without an experienced veterinarian.
If the kittens have not fully opened their eyes, but they look only through small slits. Just like humans, animals are vulnerable to viral infections. Harmful microorganisms can also enter, both from the external environment and from the womb.
How to help kittens open their eyes
What if kittens don’t fully open their eyes? Is there any way you can help your pets solve the problem? You need to follow simple steps:
- Brew a thick tea leaves, condemn, strain. Using a cotton swab, treat small cracks with cooking.
- Dilute a weak solution of boric acid and also regularly treat kittens’ eyes.
- When pus is released, you should consult a specialist, but for the first time you can help and make lotions yourself from a solution of baking soda.
- Chamomile decoction will also relieve inflammation.
In no case should you yourself apply treatment with drugs, and even more so with antibiotics. Such a decision can only harm the health of babies. However, many believe that they will cope with feline problems on their own, but this is a misconception.
Only persistence and sincere feelings of loving owners will help to restore health to kittens, including a clear view of the world around them.
About the vision of cats
To clarify the problem and correctly assess the current circumstances, the owner must know about the structure of the kitten‘s eye. In relation to the human organs of vision, pets have a much larger eye size. There are also nerve endings or rods located in the retina. There are almost 7 times more rods than cones, which indicates that furry friends have much better vision than humans, so they see well in the dark.
The round shape of the eyeball with the lens located at the center helps to expand the viewing angle. The eyes are protected from external factors, that is, the ingress of foreign bodies by the eyelids and mucous membrane. over, cats have three centuries, and this only enhances protection.
Research has found that cats see the world in color, and not in black and white, as many people think. It’s not for nothing that when watching TV, the kitten likes to sit next to the screen.
Features of eye wash
Although there is nothing difficult in this, you need to have some knowledge. This simple procedure requires proper attention and understanding of the animals. The process itself is pretty simple. It should start by preparing a small piece of sterile gauze or bandage.
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, and treat with a disinfectant solution, if possible, chlorhexidine, for example, is perfect for this.
- Moisten gauze or bandage in the solution and gently apply to the eye.
At the same time, a small kitten does not offer resistance, since he has little strength to fight the owner. But nevertheless, it is better to fix it on a small lump by wrapping it in fabric so that it cannot resist. When performing this task, it is best to keep the baby’s head slightly upward. In general, this procedure brings only joyful emotions, because in parallel you can watch your pet.
To perform it correctly, you need to adhere to the following tips:
- choose the position of the animal lying on the back;
- carry out movements smoothly from the inner corner to the outer;
- do not press hard on the eye;
- eliminate sudden movements and tune in to the same wavelength with your kitten.
If a drug is prescribed and needs to be instilled, then the position of the kitten should be the same as when treating the eyes. In this case, it is necessary to open slightly the eyes of a furry friend so that the product gets into them. Extrude the drop to the center of the eyeball. In any case, the baby will close his eye, but this is exactly what is needed. The main thing is that he does not rub his eyes afterwards.
Caring for kittens brings a number of positive emotions and admiration from the owners, because at this moment they become closer, and at the same time there is mutual understanding and affection.
Related questions from kitten owners
Pet owners are interested not only on what day the kittens’ eyes open, but also other questions. We will devote them a whole section of our review, touching on the most important points for you.
- At what age do kittens acquire full hearing? Usually not earlier than 9 days. But the quality improves during the first month of life and then hearing develops;
- When will kittens be able to move freely around the room? By the month, the small animal is already walking well, and by the age of one and a half, it runs actively, quite coping with the coordination of movements;
- At about one month of age, the kitten learns to use the toilet. Mom teaches him to bury the results of “activities”;
- The eruption of milk teeth ends on the 10-14th day, and by the third month the kitten receives a complete set. After another two months, the process of changing the milk bite begins with a permanent one;
- Up to a month, kittens feed on mother’s milk. After this age, you can begin to slowly accustom him to natural food. It can be special food for the little ones, cottage cheese, egg yolk and minced meat. Serve food in small portions and chopped up. During the second month of life, the kitten must be fully accustomed to the new food.
- Some owners give kittens massage. How effective this is, experts cannot say. In addition, this is how animals acquire the smell of a person, to which the cat can react in different ways. Some cats begin to lick their cubs to eliminate the odor, while others may not recognize the offspring at all.
When kittens open their eyes 4.6 (92%) 5 votes
Did you like the article? Add stars on social networks ;! May there be more happy people and cats !
1 day of life. a kitten is born completely blind, but he very quickly develops a sense of smell and touch, thanks to which he quickly finds source of food. Crawling. right after birth, shaking with a small body and bumping into brothers and sisters. It distinguishes well between light and shadow. shudders when a new bright source of light appears. Funny snorts! Without seeing or hearing anything, babies have a developed sense of smell and touch. they find the nipples of a mother-cat by smell!
It is convenient to keep kittens in a cardboard box, which I must cover on top with a light or warm (depending on the season and temperature in the room) blanket. For two weeks (before opening the eyes), kittens should live in almost complete darkness, and even after the eyes have opened, kittens should not be taken out into the bright light. The box should be placed in a draft-free area.
5 days of life. the kitten starts to hear! Defends its right to the nipple, pushing siblings away. Interestingly, most kittens do not suck all nipples in a row, but choose one, capturing it in their mouth, they massage the mammary gland with their front paws, forcing it to lactate more abundantly. There is no tremor reflex in the first 6 days, therefore, to maintain the required body temperature, kittens are completely dependent on mother’s warmth.
6-14 days. the eyes open, first for the first born baby, then for the rest, first in the form of a crack, then, after a couple of days, entirely. After 14 days of life. milk teeth begin to grow, at 3-4 weeks. canines grow.
Every day we weigh each kitten until they reach 2 weeks and monitor their growth. All data is recorded in a separate, specially wound up notebook.
Starting from 4 weeks. the kitten begins to walk, but the coordination of movements is not yet fully developed; quickly becomes active, plays, explores the world around him, the kitten seems awkward. Gradually, facial expressions and gestures become expressive: when strangers approach, the baby slightly arches its back, taking a defensive posture, presses its ears to its head, falls to the ground, the fur stands on end, a quiet hiss is heard. I love this period of kittens’ life! These are the little ones, warm, soft and deliciously smelling of milk:
If there are a lot of kittens in the litter and the mother cannot cope, and also considering that the kittens have teeth and each feeding of numerous offspring causes pain in the mother cat, at any stage from birth, you can start feeding the babies. And our assistant in this is a substitute that is as close as possible in its properties to cat milk, for example, such as Royal Canin Babycat Milk. To be honest, the lesson is not fast and requires a lot of care and love. Unfortunately, the nipples included in the kit with milk are not suitable, and I recommend feeding the kittens through a syringe without a needle, but here you have to be careful not to injure the baby’s delicate mouth. It is also important that the food is warm, not hot or cold. In small containers, food cools down quickly, so it is best to keep the formula in a large container at the right temperature (i.e. in a water bath) during feeding. It is good to know that this milk can also be given to a lactating cat.
This is how it was with us with the litter on “A”, at the 3rd week of the babies’ life, Grechenka was tired and I helped her to recover: I completely took over 1 day of feeding, and then we set up a watch and fed in turn:
from 4 weeks of age kittens begin to be fed with “adult” food, this is a special time for a kitten. We must teach him to eat and drink in a completely different way than he is used to. Twice a day: in the morning and in the evening, the kids each receive their own portion of pate and dry food is placed in the aviary. the kittens first try to “bury” it, then gradually get used to the smell and crack it with pleasure. At the same time, without giving up the services of your beloved mother at all.
45 days of life. the British kitten acquires a beautiful body shape, has good coordination of movements and already needs space for play. The aviary expands, a scratching post is added and gradually, in stages, limited and exclusively under the close attention of a person. access from the playhouse is opened. All these safety measures are connected with whom, that still unintelligent kittens easily climb up, but they need to be taught to go down so as not to stretch their ligaments.
And now at 1.5 months the first “publication” is made. litter registration, when the quality of each baby is determined, obvious defects are identified, and the potential class of the kitten is determined. In our nursery, the registration is carried out by an international category judge, candidate of biological sciences and a wonderful person Inna Vladimirovna Shustrova, therefore each registration is like a mini-exhibition: the choice of best of best and comparisons, the event is fun and very interesting, for which many thanks to Inna Vladimirovna! Based on the act of registration and registration of the litter, the kitten is given a metric with an individual number.
From that moment on, the little baby kitten becomes a full-fledged feline person. a kitten of the British Shorthair breed. and has as a document not only a mustache and a tail!
From about 1.5 months, it is no longer possible to keep young growing organisms, they easily jump over the aviary, 1.2 meters high. And our task is to prepare the rooms for the raid of very curious kids: plug up all the holes, remove the vases, figurines and everything that can harm the kids. Everything, the aviary is cleaned and the whole room is given to the kittens! Here’s the joy.
a few photos of British kittens from our everyday life:
When kittens open their eyes after birth
Almost all kittens are born blind. This is provided by nature, and there is no danger in this. There is no exact time, common to all kittens, when their eyes will open. But for most, this happens within a week. one and a half after birth. It is perfectly normal for this to happen after 15 or even 20 days. This happens gradually, and can take several days. On the first day, a small crack appears, through which the baby sees the light, but still does not distinguish much. After another couple of days, he is able to see silhouettes. Vision itself, its clarity, is formed over time.
How many days kittens’ eyes open can depend on a number of factors. These include the breed of the cat, and, of course, the individual characteristics of the development of each kitten.
In a breed such as the Sphynx, it is quite normal for kittens to be born with sightedness. But within normal limits and opening the eyes on the second. third day. Ragdolls stay blind much longer. Their kittens can begin to see only after 20 days, and oriental breeds within the first week. If you are wondering what time kittens eyes open in British cats, we inform you that the owners will need to wait a week and a half.
- According to statistics, female kittens begin to see earlier;
- Shorthaired cats are also ahead of their longhaired cousins;
- If kittens are premature, then they develop significantly faster.
Vision itself takes a long time to develop. The open eye is still poorly protected from bright light. Nature foresaw this, and covered it with a film. It is normal to see a young animal at 4. 5 weeks of life.
What day do kittens open their eyes
The day when newborn kittens begin to be seen does not come immediately after the birth of fluffies. At first, they vitally need a mother, whose task is to take care and protect their offspring.
By and large, the moment when kittens’ eyes open depends on the general development of the animal. Some purrs grow up quite quickly, but some delay in the process. So it is obvious that all the frameworks and norms that exist in this matter are rather subjective. Each animal is individual and develops at its own personal pace.
Veterinarians have highlighted the average values - it is believed that kittens open their eyes between 5 and 15 days of age. This does not happen overnight, but gradually. At first, babies open their eyes slightly. Through narrow slits, they learn to analyze the brightness of the light around. At the same time, the pupils remain completely motionless, since the nervous system of animals and the speed of transmission of what they see to the brain are not yet fully developed.
However, after a couple of days, kittens begin to clearly understand the difference between light and shadow. During this period, their eyes acquire a pale blue tint. Many veterinarians advise limiting the movement of animals during this time, leaving them only in a dimly lit room. Bright light can harm the fuzzy’s not yet strong vision.
After about 10-12 days, kittens open their eyes and begin to explore the world around them. Since then, they have already sensed movement, showed an interest in objects and, in general, behaved quite actively. However, this does not mean at all that vision has completed its formation. The animals’ eyes continue to develop for several more weeks. This can be seen by the change in shade on the iris of the pet.
Features of the development of different breeds
As a rule, long-haired kittens open their eyes much faster than short-haired kittens. However, this is not entirely true. Above, I have already said that the life span during which kittens open their eyes will depend, among other things, on the breed of your furry. The above norms relate mainly to the so-called street or mongrel purrs. If you have acquired a fluffy with a pedigree, it is important to find out the distinctive features of the development of the whole organism, including with respect to the period when kittens’ eyes open.
- Maine Coons. Large fluffy cats have long stood out among their relatives. In adulthood, some animals can reach over 10 kg. However, as far as the early stages of development are concerned, Maine Coons are slightly behind the usual yard cat. And this is not surprising, because the body needs more time to grow and develop due to the large size of the purr. For the first time, kittens open their eyes 12-15 days after birth.
- Sphinxes. The noble hairless purr breeds open their eyes 3-4 days after birth.
- Scottish and Persian breeds are slightly behind some of their relatives. Because of this, many furry owners are interested in how many days kittens’ eyes open. Here you will have to wait a little. the kittens’ vision finishes forming about 8-10 days after birth.
- Bobtail. Like Maine Coons, this breed of cats develops more slowly than some other fluffy cats. Their kittens open their eyes 10-12 days after birth.
- Ragdolls require special attention. the cat should not leave the babies for at least two weeks. After all, kittens’ eyes begin to open only 15-17 days after birth.
- Siamese cats do not differ from the standard. Fuzzies open their eyes 4-5 days after birth.
By the way, as soon as pedigree kittens open their eyes, you should help them with vision care. To do this, you need to regularly rinse the eyes with clean boiled water. For greater eye protection, you can use a decoction of chamomile or regular strong black tea (without flavors and various additives).
The kitten does not open his eyes: what to do
Cat owners often face various problems. For example, a common question on the cat-lovers forum: the kitten does not open his eyes. what to do? Should you be afraid of such a phenomenon, or should you just wait a little longer? Whether to sound the alarm, as you have already understood, is worth it if the breed is characterized by an early discovery. Premature kittens will see their eyes longer, like representatives of the ragdoll breed.
At the same time, there are congenital anomalies of development, such as fusion of the eyelids. It can be partial, and goes away on its own in two or three weeks, or complete. In the latter case, help is required. Otherwise, pus will begin to accumulate in the eyes, and the animal may go blind.
- It is recommended to lightly massage the eyelids to speed up the process.
- Also, tea lotions are used, followed by processing with boric alcohol;
- Complete fusion is removed surgically in a veterinary clinic. The doctor makes incisions, and then the eyelids are treated with petroleum jelly with the addition of boric alcohol and saline.
When kittens open their eyes after birth, depends on various diseases, among which one of the most common is conjunctivitis. The disease can develop for two reasons. a general infection and a mechanical injury received by accident.
- The appearance of crusts on the eyes;
- Swollen eyelids;
To eliminate the problem, tea leaves, ordinary boiled water and special preparations are used. Sometimes additional treatment and tests are required. It is important to find out which harmful microorganisms are causing the pathology.
Opening eyes in kittens
What to do if the kitten won’t open its eyes?
Do not panic and rush the kittens ahead of time. If the eyes of the animal do not open in the first two weeks after birth, your task is simply to carefully observe the furry, paying attention to other symptoms and ailments. If, after two weeks, the kitten’s eyes do not open, this is a serious reason to think.
The first thing you can try to do is rinse the eyes of the animal with black tea (no additives, flavors or sugar). Just soak a cotton ball in the tea and then try to open your eyes very gently and gently. Of course, you can’t show strength here. If there is still no progress, it is best to seek help from an experienced veterinarian.
What could be the reasons why the kitten does not open his eyes??
- Fusion of the eyelids. In addition to closed eyes, it is also characterized by the presence of abscesses. You can get rid of this ailment by washing the eyes with strong tea. If this procedure does not help, you will have to take the furry to the operation.
- Conjunctivitis. The kitten does not open his eyes, which are very watery? Perhaps he has conjunctivitis. You can get rid of this disease with a special solution. Talk to your veterinarian about choosing the right medication.
Also read: How to feed a month old kitten?
As you can see, the period when kittens begin to see comes pretty quickly. In some cases, animals open their eyes as early as the third day after birth. Next, your task is to help the pussies maintain their visual acuity. Try to keep the animals in a room that is not brightly lit and if necessary rinse the eyes with clean water. This way you can avoid infection.
Drops for eyes if the kitten’s eyes fester
At home, eye drops are used to treat conjunctivitis. As directed, the drops should be antiviral, anti-inflammatory and decongestant. Naturally, it is better to purchase medicines from a veterinary pharmacy, but if it is not available, you can go to a regular pharmacy. Carefully read the composition of the drug, the active ingredients are not so important as contraindications and side effects.
Advice: choose drops that do not cause a burning sensation when in contact with mucous membranes (point of instruction side effects)!
- Ciprolet or similar preparations containing ciprofloxacin.
- Levomycetin drops are the most common and affordable drug sold in a regular pharmacy. Drops of some manufacturers cause a burning sensation when in contact with mucous membranes.
- Diamond Eyes (veterinary drug). apply strictly according to instructions.
- Tobrex is a drug for people, you should not get carried away with it, but it quickly removes irritation and inflammation.
Important! The active substances of the drops can glow in the mucous membranes and tissues. Do not get carried away with eye treatment if you do not have clear instructions from your veterinarian. It is enough to drip your eyes several times a day, but you can rinse them more often.
Risk factors by breed
Some, pedigree representatives of the feline family have hereditary tendencies to ailments. It is important to understand that addiction is not a diagnosis, but a warning for the owner who is in control of the pet’s health.
The next important nuance is competent breeding. If the breeder follows the rules of breeding and uses only healthy animals for breeding, then the inheritance of diseases is minimized.
Neonate Ophthalmia in a Newborn Kitten
Diseases in a street, mongrel kitten
A street kitten is likely to develop the following ailments affecting the eyes:
- Acute otitis media. irritates the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes.
- Rhinotracheitis and other viral diseases.
- Ulcerative keratitis.
- Food and non-food allergies, especially before 3 months of age.
- Helminthic invasion. leads to general intoxication, which contributes to irritation of the mucous membranes and their inflammation.
Kittens that were born and raised on the street are critically prone to the above problems. As soon as babies turn 4 weeks old, almost all of them fall ill, and some do not survive.
Most often we are talking about rhinotracheitis, which is contagious. It is important to understand that after recovering from rhinotracheitis, some animals remain carriers and can infect healthy cats.
Kitten eye problems at 2 weeks
When the kittens are 2 weeks old, the film that keeps the eyelids closed begins to thin and break. Usually the eyes open from the center to the corners. During this period, the kittens’ eyes are very vulnerable, but the mucous membranes are ready to withstand the effects of the outside world.
Until the kittens are one month old, make sure that no direct sunlight falls into the nest. The pupils of small kittens do not have time to respond to it and contract in time, which can lead to retinal burns.
Suspicious discharge from the eyes indicates a failure of the mucous membranes. Simply put, the eyes are exposed to light, air, dust, and the mucous membranes are unable to withstand external factors. The problem is that even if discharge from the eyes appears, the owner does not manage to notice them, since the cat carefully monitors the hygiene of the offspring.
Note! If you are feeding a kitten artificially and it develops discharge from the eyes, it should be gently cleansed. A cloudy white discharge may indicate a food allergy.
The kitten’s eyes are glued over and do not open
The most common cause of a discharge that causes the eyelids to stick together and keep the eyes from opening is conjunctivitis.
- Infectious. occurs against the background of irritation of the mucous membrane, due to dust, weathering and other external factors.
- Viral. is a symptom of an infectious disease that develops covertly or acutely.
- Allergic. occurs against the background of constant arousal of immunity.
- Chronic. may occur against the background of constant dryness of the eyes, malfunctioning of the nasolacrimal canals, corneal ulceration and for other reasons.
Regardless of the cause, conjunctivitis is accompanied by purulent discharge from the eyes. When the kitten sleeps, the mucous membranes of the eyes are actively cleared, which leads to a profuse discharge of pus. Pus dries quickly, sticks together eyelashes, hairs and eyelids, which makes it difficult to open the kitten’s eyes after waking up.
Eye problems in a month old kitten
In a month-old kitten, the eyes are completely open, the pupils contract in a timely manner, the irises acquire a constant color. Around this age, kittens begin to try adult food. If supplementation is introduced correctly, no negative effects should be observed.
If the kitten chews everything that comes to his attention, including the foods that an adult cat eats. irritation of the mucous membranes and discharge from the eyes, may indicate an individual intolerance. Until a certain age, the kitten’s body is not able to assimilate and digest anything except dairy products.
Important! Monthly kittens that do not receive proper care or are under the influence of a constant viral load can suffer from conjunctivitis, rhinotracheitis and other dangerous diseases.
What to do if a kitten’s eyes fester?
What if you notice suspicious symptoms? It is best to immediately contact your veterinarian for advice. If for some reason a doctor is not available, you can try to alleviate the pet’s condition at home. Remember, the main principle of treatment without veterinarian supervision is to do no harm. Try not to use medications unless absolutely necessary. Read the instructions carefully before using any medication.
The kitten’s eyes fester: causes, home treatment
When a kitten’s eyes fester, it is important to quickly determine the causes of the disease. Conjunctivitis can develop in a one-month-old baby and even 2 weeks after birth. Against the background of the discharge, you may notice that the kitten has red eyes and a runny nose. In this case, eye drops will only partially alleviate the condition! What to do at home? Let’s figure it out in more detail.
The kitten does not open his eyes: when to sound the alarm?
After birth, kittens look like defenseless hairballs, having neither hearing nor sight, but only smell and touch to find a nipple with milk. And the first three weeks all the care of them falls on the fluffy “shoulders” of the mother cat.
A separate question that worries many owners of newly appeared fluffy fidgets. when kittens eyes open. To begin with, it is worth giving a few useful facts about the structure of this sense organ. If we compare the eyes of a cat with a human, then it can be noted that their size is much larger than other parts of the body. In the retina of cats, like humans, there are nerve endings, the so-called rods.
The ratio of rods to cones (another type of nerve endings) in a cat is 25 to 1, which is almost 7 times higher than this ratio in humans. It is due to this that fluffy households can see perfectly at dusk when an insufficient amount of light arrives (people need six times more light to see). but in total darkness they are also blind.
Another feature is that the eyeballs of this animal are more round in shape with the cornea and lens located closer to the center, due to which the viewing angle is significantly expanded. Like humans, cats have protection in the form of eyelids with mucous membranes, only baleen have three eyelids, which contributes to better protection of the eyes from external irritants.
By the way, the opinion that cats see everything in shades of gray is erroneous. Recent studies have shown that, although weakly, they still perceive the world as colored. There is only one condition. the angle of view should be more than forty-five degrees. Therefore, if the pussy likes to watch TV, then she will sit almost close to him.
It is very important during this period of opening the eyes that the mustache are in a dark place, out of the reach of bright light. And if the kitten shows signs of anxiety, does not suck the cat badly or looks lethargic, then it is urgent to show it to the veterinarian.
Now to an exciting question. Kittens develop very quickly and everyone’s eyes open differently. But on average, you can name the period from the 7th to the 14th day. No, this does not mean that if the kitten does not open its eyes two weeks after birth, then it is blind. Some individuals open them as early as 2-5 days (this is especially true for representatives of the Sphynx and Rex breeds). As already mentioned. it all depends on the breed, as well as on the conditions in which the kids are, heredity and just luck.
It has been noticed that in long-haired breeds the opening process is slower than in short-haired breeds. If kittens live in a darkened place, then the opening process will happen faster, and vice versa, if newborns are surrounded by bright light. slower. The duration of pregnancy also plays an important role.
If the cat gave birth on the 68-70 day, then the likelihood that babies’ eyes will open earlier is very high. The very process of opening the peephole, as a rule, is the same for everyone. The first sign that the discovery has begun. the appearance of a “tear” in the inner corner, then a small gap is seen, which in a day, at most two, will fully open.
And here’s the result. The pale blue, almost gray, slightly slanting, unintelligent eyes of the baby are looking at the world. But their vision is still not quite clear, therefore future cats and cats orient themselves in space with the help of the same senses. touch and smell.
Interestingly, only white cats have multi-colored eyes. These individuals, like white representatives with the same blue eyes, are also prone to deafness. over, weak hearing occurs only from the side of the blue eye.
But what to do if, nevertheless, the kitten’s eyes do not open? You can help him by rinsing the glued eyelids with a strong infusion of black tea or a weak solution of boric acid and only then try to gently open your eyes.
So, in individuals that have gone through this simple opening process, the eyeball has a cloudy cornea and a faded gray-blue color. Pigmentation (i.e. color change) begins after 3 weeks from birth, and by 9-12 weeks it is completed. the kitten has its own natural eye color. But again, these terms are rather arbitrary and the shade can change throughout life. As, for example, in the representatives of the Siamese breed, whose blue eyes take place in adolescence, and in the future can fade significantly. As for the clarity of vision, the final development of the visual field occurs 34 days after the eyes open, the acuity is formed by the 25th day. If a kitten becomes blind in childhood, changes will occur in its cerebral cortex: the number of neurons responsible for vision will decrease, and the portion of neurons that provide the impact of auditory and tactile stimuli will increase. Scientists have noticed that blind cats have longer whiskers (about 30%). Thus, the lack of one vision is more than compensated for by others. smell, touch, hearing. Distinguishing a blind purr from a healthy one can be very difficult, not everyone can cope with this task.
worth saying. only love and care for the mother-cat and kittens will help them grow up healthy and strong. And sight and hearing will appear at the right time. providing comfortable conditions. one of the primary tasks of a good owner.
Factors affecting the opening of the eye
How kittens eyes open is influenced by the following factors:
In breeds such as the Rex and the Sphynx, the eyelids open on the second day after birth. Many sphinxes are born with their eyelids ajar. The offspring of Persian breeds become sighted in the period from 5 to 9 days, the Siamese open their eyes on the 5th day, the British are fully sighted on the 10-12th day.
If the kittens are in a brightly lit room, they will fully see through a longer period of time.
- Length of wool.
In smooth-haired pets, the process is faster than in long-haired pets.
- Length of pregnancy in a cat.
If kittens were born on time, then their eyes will open on time.
- Mom and offspring health.
If the pets are healthy, eat right and the mother takes care of the kittens for a long period, their eyes will open at the appointed time.
Kitten eye problems
If the kitten has not yet reached 3 weeks of age, then there is no reason to panic. It is possible to detect pathologies in development with the help of observation. With incomplete opening of the pet’s eyes, the following reasons for anxiety are distinguished:
- Fusion of the eyelids.
Adhesion symptoms: swelling in the eye area, purulent discharge at the edges. If the disease is not fully manifested, a light massage will help. Before starting the procedure, moisten the eyelid area with tea leaves, then blot with a cotton swab moistened with diluted boric alcohol (water 1: 1). If the eyelids have grown tightly, surgery will be required.
The disease manifests itself most often with damage to the eye sockets and infection in them. With conjunctivitis, the eyelids also swell, but unlike adhesions, they stick together due to the drying out of purulent formations. Rinsing with a weak tea solution, which is recommended to be done several times a day, will help soften such adhesion. Eye drops and other solutions prescribed by your veterinarian can be used in place of tea. If after 2-3 days the problem does not disappear, it is recommended to contact the veterinary clinic and be examined.
- Congenital blindness.
This pathology is not so common. If the reason is blindness, the sense of smell and hearing are highly developed in tetrapods with this disease. Grown up kittens do not differ from their healthy counterparts, because orientate in space due to other abilities and feelings.
If there are no pronounced symptoms of disease or inflammation, and the kittens still do not open their eyes, this is not a reason to worry. You should be patient and wait. Perhaps four-legged pets develop slowly.
When kittens eyes open and how it happens?
Furry pets begin to see when their eyelids are fully extended. The process lasts 2-3 weeks and is conventionally divided into several periods. The first stage is the appearance of a narrow slit, the corners of the eyelids are slightly watery.
After the first 7 days of life, the activity of pets increases: the duration of sleep decreases, the cubs try to move more and crawl away from their mother. In the second week, the eyelids open wider. The process depends not only on the number of offspring, but also on genetics. A big role is played by the age of the mother, the level of illumination of the room in which the offspring live, the breed.
At first, the eyes of small kittens remain cloudy, the cornea is not fully formed, the pupil is poorly visible, therefore, fluffy pets learn to focus over time. By the time of teething, kittens learn to distinguish outlines of objects at a distance of 3 m.The color of the iris during the opening period in all four-legged animals is light blue.
But it also happens that a kitten has one eye opened, while the other remains closed. Consider the reasons for this phenomenon.
What to do if a newborn kitten does not open its eyes for a long time
Most often, 3-4 days after birth, kittens begin to open their eyes. This process does not tolerate haste, its gradual and consistent course is considered an absolute norm. But what to do and what to do when the kitten does not open one eye?
What to do if a kitten doesn’t open one eye?
You can help your pets to cope with the problem. To do this, it is recommended to perform simple manipulations:
- Prepare a strong tea solution, cool. Using a cotton swab, thoroughly wipe the eye slits several times a day.
- Dilute boric alcohol, treat the area of the pets’ organs of vision with a cotton swab.
- For purulent discharge, it is best to see a doctor. First aid: lotions from a solution of baking soda. Chamomile decoction will also help relieve inflammation.
You cannot use medications on your own, especially with an antibiotic, because the reason for this position with the eyes can be different. Rash and hasty decisions can harm the health of kittens, lead to irritation of the mucous membranes and other negative consequences.
All information posted on the site is provided in accordance with the User Agreement and is not a direct indication of action. We strongly recommend that before using any means, be sure to get an in-person consultation at an accredited veterinary clinic.