Paralysis of the hind legs in rabbits. solving the problem correctly!
Among the most common ailments in rabbits, paralysis of the hind limbs (paresis) occupies a special place. Many breeders, especially beginners, get scared when faced with this condition. If the rabbit’s hind legs fail: what to do and how to help the poor fellow? This is what we will talk about in our article.
There are several types of brain inflammation that can affect the condition of the hind legs in rabbits. These are encephalitis, encephalomyelitis, meningitis, leptomeningitis, pachymeningitis. In addition to the loss of the hind legs of the animal, loss of coordination and weakening of reflexes can also be observed.
All types of a condition such as paralysis are manifested in the fact that the paws become completely or partially immobile. The animal can simply drag them along, moving with the help of its front paws. Sometimes sick animals fall on their side.
Problem solving methods
So, if one or more of your rabbits have lost their hind legs, you need to immediately start doing something. Otherwise, you risk losing your pet. Self-medication is contraindicated! The very first method is to wrap the animal in a dense, soft cloth and place it in a dark cage. The next step is an x-ray of the head and spine at the animal clinic.
It so happens that the crawl’s legs are not completely taken away, and partially retain their mobility. To prevent the muscles from atrophying completely, visit the veterinary clinic on the day of the incident. At the beginning of the treatment, namely in the first few days, the animal should not move a lot. In the following days, be sure to let him out for a walk. After the end of the treatment, massage the legs of the pet. gently pull the legs towards you and release.
This exercise helps the animal to restore limb function faster. Veterinarians usually prescribe a treatment regimen that must be strictly adhered to. Try to remove the cell for this period, place the baby in the aviary. Place an absorbent diaper under the back. This is necessary, since rabbits in this state very often do not feel how they defecate and urinate under themselves.
Malfunctions of the central nervous system (CNS) are a very likely reason that the hind legs in rabbits have failed. The nervous system suffers as a result of stress, severe fright, shock from various procedures or a sudden blow. For this reason, even if the paws are immobilized, their sensitivity may be partially or completely retained. Recovery usually occurs within a week of the incident.
There may be several reasons why the rabbit’s legs were taken away. To establish the exact cause of this condition, contact your veterinarian. Self-medication in some cases may not give results and even lead to the death of the pet. So, what exactly are the reasons that lead to similar symptoms??
How to prevent illness?
What should you do if you do not want such troubles for rabbits? Make sure that the animals do not fall, do not experience severe stress. Keep aggressive pet dogs and cats out of your rabbitry. Give your rabbits a vitamin supplement periodically, such as aminazine or others prescribed by your doctor. Mandatory points for the prevention of paralysis of the limbs are timely vaccinations, good nutrition and cleanliness in the cells.
Spine and head injuries
The main and most frequent reason for the failure of the hind legs is spinal injuries of varying severity. Severe concussion of the brain, such as from a stroke, also falls into this category. In both cases, the neuronal centers responsible for the movement of the hind legs are damaged. Other injuries leading to the failure of the legs: pinching, dislocations, bruises.
Even if you know the source of the problem for sure, you should not make hasty attempts to help your pet. Transport him urgently to the clinic, where he will be assisted by a qualified veterinarian.
The rabbit has lost its hind legs, what to do?
Why is paralysis dangerous??
In addition to the fact that the failure of the hind limbs disrupts the coordination of the animal and hinders normal life, it can be dangerous for other reasons. This condition can signal a serious infectious disease or damage to internal organs. And in this case, restriction of movement is only the first sign, followed by others. The deterioration is expressed through the following symptoms:
- refusal to eat and water, or, conversely, increased thirst;
- the appearance of bald spots and sores on the skin;
- diarrhea and urinary incontinence;
- redness of the cornea of the eyes, blurred vision;
- uncontrolled and too profuse salivation;
- violation of coordination and orientation in space;
- the appearance of seizures;
- complete paralysis of the whole body.
Inflammation of the brain
Disease of the main head organ leads to a disruption in the work of the whole organism. Often, the ailment also affects the motor functions, then the hind limbs of the rabbit fail. Paralysis can occur due to encephalitis, in which the animal cannot stand up at all and even move its head normally. It is useless to treat him, because as a result, the pet will still be limited in movement. Another dangerous disease is encephalomyelitis, which occurs as a result of infection in the head organ. Treatment is also useless, the rabbit will still die in a couple of days.
Brain inflammation can lead to hind limb failure
Inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. meningitis. also leads to paralysis of the hind legs, but this ailment can be overcome with timely treatment of the veterinarian. In addition, the symptoms of the disease are similar to disorders of the central nervous system, which are treated with medication in the clinic and are often quite successful. But in any case, you should seek help from specialists.
for compound feed for rabbits
Possible preventive measures
Pathology can be successfully avoided if due attention is paid to the conditions of the rabbits. First, you need to take care of proper nutrition: animals should receive a full range of vitamins and microelements, and calcium supplements should be given in lactating rabbits and young animals. Secondly, the cells and premises must be cleaned on time, disinfected, and monitored so that rodents do not get into them. Sick pets need to be isolated from the rest in time. Thirdly, you need to look after the rabbits and on the walk so that they do not fight, do not fall from a great height, do not bump into sharp objects, do not get injured, do not break their paws or spine.
One of the preventive measures is a complete diet.
Owner actions after finding paralysis in a rabbit
As soon as pathology has been noticed, you should consult a doctor. Regardless of the cause, the state of paralysis can be extremely dangerous, especially since it can progress if the source is an infectious disease. In this case, all livestock will be at risk.
In no case should the animal be treated on its own. The only exceptions are cases when the immobility of the hind legs is caused by a fracture. But all the same, the animal can be given first aid at home, and then you can still take it to the veterinarian. Thus, it will be possible to avoid undesirable consequences: improperly fused bones, muscle atrophy, etc. You can find out that the paw is broken by the behavior of the pet: he scratches it on the floor, rakes the bedding and rushes around the cage, showing that he is in pain.
The animal must be treated by a qualified veterinarian.
Table 2. Instructions for first aid for physical injury of the legs
|Step one. When diagnosing a fracture of the hind legs, it is necessary first of all to isolate the animal: carefully transfer it to a separate, clean cage with soft bedding and dim lighting. You can also inject a pain reliever.|
|Step two. Next, a homemade tire is applied to the rabbit, for which pieces of plastic pipe or wooden planks, bandages or simply rags torn into long rags are suitable.|
|Step three. After that, you need to move the pet to the carrier and take it to the veterinary clinic for examination, and if possible, call a doctor at home.|
How to identify pathology
Most often, recognizing the occurrence of a problem is not difficult: limb failure is noticeable at first glance. The rabbit begins to drag its hind legs, cannot stand on them, and move normally. He crawls, pushing off with his front legs, and demonstrates with all his appearance that he is in pain. Depending on the specific cause, the animal is also diagnosed with negative side symptoms (reddening of the cornea of the eyes, difficulty breathing, etc.).
However, there are times when paralysis develops implicitly and not immediately. Therefore, the farmer needs to pay attention to any atypical moments in the pet’s behavior. If he begins to move less and refuses to eat and drink, this is already an alarming symptom. The limbs may not be paralyzed right away. at first they just do not obey, which is difficult to notice right away. One hind leg can be taken away from a rabbit. this is how monoparesis occurs, if both do not work already. this is paraparesis. Further, complete immobilization may occur, which most often leads to death.
What to do if a rabbit‘s hind or front legs fail: how to solve the problem correctly
This disease is common among rabbits and is quite dangerous. At the first signs of the disease, it is required to take measures to eliminate the symptom and the root cause. The treatment of the animal is prescribed by a doctor, since the causes of paralysis are diverse. from commonplace injuries to fatal diseases. Consider the main causes of the onset of a symptom, diseases that cause paralysis, methods of treatment, first aid to a rodent.
What causes rabbits to fail paws
The causes of paralysis in rabbits are varied. To find out why the rabbit’s hind legs failed and how to treat this ailment, first of all, you need to make sure that there are no:
- Vertebral hernia;
- Fractures of the legs and other injuries of the limbs;
- Vertebral fractures;
- Vitamin deficiency;
- Nutritional problems;
- Infectious, viral diseases;
- Pinched nerves.
Lack of calcium also causes paralysis. It is important to monitor your pet’s food. It is necessary to add vitamins and minerals to it. Specialized multivitamin supplements are also used. Calcium affects brain and muscle activity, bone formation. With a calcium deficiency, the skeleton of the animal is gradually destroyed, which leads to problems associated not only with the failure of the legs.
Particular attention should be paid to nutrition during pregnancy of a pet, with low immunity, an early age of the rodent. Pregnant females need more nutrients so that the offspring are born healthy and the mother’s body is not damaged. Feeding the young takes a lot of energy and takes nutrients from the mother’s body. The food of a nursing mother contains more beneficial vitamin supplements than other rabbits. Mother’s milk supports and builds up the babies’ bodies, so it is important to take care of the diet both before and after birth. Young animals require careful attention and nutritional control in order to subsequently form strong, healthy animals. Lack of vitamins leads to weight loss, deterioration of the quality of the coat, rickets, and limb failure. With reduced immunity, the animal’s body needs special support, since it is more susceptible to infection with pathogenic bacteria than others. In this case, the disease develops faster, it is more difficult to treat.
What a farmer should do
A timely response to the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease often helps to save the pet’s life and get rid of negative consequences, if possible. Self-treatment of rabbits leads to a deterioration in the condition of the rodent, followed by death. The breeder is only able to determine for sure a leg fracture. A broken limb affects the pet’s behavior, stands out externally. An external examination determines how many limbs are affected, the presence of paralysis, fracture, and other injuries. The disease, the symptom of which is paralysis, is put by a specialist.
When a problem is identified, the owner moves the rabbit to a separate warm house, protects it from negative influences and stress. If the injured foot moves, the crawl is active, it is possible that the crawl has a pinched nerve, a blow or injury. In these cases, the treatment brings quick results.
With complete or partial absence of motor activity, paralysis is suggested. It is not recommended to take independent measures to eliminate symptoms.
In the event of a fall and subsequent limb failure, spinal injury is assumed. The rabbit is hospitalized, no independent measures are taken for treatment. Spinal injuries are treated with medication or surgery.
Some rabbit breeders, when the first signs of serious diseases appear, kill the animal in order to alleviate its fate and not perform useless actions in the absence of a chance of survival and the continuation of normal life.
Injuries to the legs in rabbits
Injuries to the bones and muscle tissue often lead to paralysis. It is quite simple to injure the body of a rabbit contained in a cage. Due to the lack of motor activity, the skeleton is weakened. A rodent can be injured if:
- Accidental blow;
- Fight with neighboring individuals;
- Awkward movement under stress.
The body of pets is especially delicate and easily injured. The cages significantly reduce the activity of the rabbit, so the bones gradually weaken. A light blow can cause serious harm to the rodent’s health, since a weak skeleton is not able to withstand a heavy load. It is recommended, if possible, to release the fluffy for a walk, under the supervision of the owner. Awkward movement of the rabbit while walking can damage the spine or legs.
Improper transportation of the animal causes stress, negatively affects the condition of the rodent, and can injure it. When transporting your pet, take care of safety and comfort. Isolate the cage from harsh, loud sounds.
It is undesirable to keep the rabbit together with mice and rats. Rodents may not get along, fight. If one animal is infected, then others are at risk of infection.
Without breast milk, rabbits are also at risk of injury from minor blows. Artificial feeding is not able to replenish the baby’s supply of nutrients, so the immunity of the young is weakened. Newborn rabbits are unable to defecate on their own. Rabbit breeders need to help the animals. to massage the abdomen. The procedure requires accuracy and attention, since it is easy for a rodent to injure.
Cause. brain inflammation
The brain is responsible for the work of the internal organs and systems of rodents. Disorders of the brain affect the entire body of the animal, including muscle activity. Incorrect work of the main organ of the pet can also provoke death.
Common diseases that provoke the failure of the hind legs of a rodent are:
- Meningitis is an inflammation of the spinal cord and brain. Difficult to treat.
- Encephalomyelitis. The spread of infection leads to malfunctioning of the brain, as a result. paralysis of the hind limbs. A rapidly developing, dangerous disease. The death of an animal occurs 2-4 days after the first signs appear.
- Encephalitis is an inflammatory disease of the brain. The main symptom is limb failure. The infected rodent is unable to exercise physical activity. The disease is incurable. Death can be prevented, but brain function is impaired, as a result of which the rabbit becomes disabled.
The first signs of illness serve as a signal to contact the veterinarian. Medicines to relieve the condition, treat symptoms, are prescribed by a doctor. In the case of a fatal diagnosis, it is recommended to kill the pet to alleviate the torment of the animal.
When diagnosing diseases, a specialist pays attention to the similarity of symptoms with diseases of the central nervous system. If the central nervous system is disrupted, it is possible to restore the pet’s health. With a timely visit to a specialist, the chance of recovery is significantly increased. Modern drugs are able to cure the animal in a week without negative health consequences.
Severity of paralysis in rabbits
The hind limbs of rabbits fail in the event of certain diseases or injuries. Symptoms of pathologies are similar, one of them is paralysis of the legs. Additional signs can help identify specific diseases in your pet. Paralysis of a rodent manifests itself when the animal moves: its hind legs drag along the ground, rabbits fall on their legs.
Regardless of the root cause of paralysis, there is a classification of the severity of the pathology:
- Monoparesis. damage to the muscle tissue of one limb.
- Paraparesis. damage to the muscles of two limbs.
- Tetraparesis. failure of both paws.
The last point is the most severe form of the disease. The rabbit cannot move independently. The reason for the failure of the paws is not only illness, injury, but also nervous strain. Under severe stress, threat, tension, sometimes the hind legs of rabbits fail and they die. Stress also causes a number of serious diseases that negatively affect the condition of the animal.
Listeriosis as a cause of paralysis
The most dangerous cause of hind leg failure in rabbits is listeriosis. The carriers of the disease are rabbits, insects, wild animals, rodents. From these animals, the disease is transmitted to rabbits through physical contact or through waste products. The bacterium is also dangerous for humans. There are no cures for the disease. The acute form of listeriosis is fatal in a short period of time. In the chronic form of the course of the disease, the animal lives for 1.5 months. Sometimes the disease is not fatal, but serious consequences affect the further maintenance of the pet.
If the rabbit’s hind legs are taken away, the spleen has enlarged, the liver is disrupted, there are constant convulsions. you should consult a specialist for a diagnosis. These three symptoms signal a listeriosis infection.
Listeriosis is an incurable disease that spreads rapidly among rodents and is extremely dangerous. It is important to recognize the disease early and isolate the infected animal immediately. The cage is thoroughly disinfected after the crawl, the rest of the pets are checked for symptoms. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is recommended to kill the rabbit and dispose of the carcass (for example, burn it).
Listeriosis as a cause of paralysis
There is no more dangerous cause of paralysis in rabbits than listeriosis. The emergence of this disease is associated with the spread of infection by temporary and main vectors:
- wild animals.
Rabbits can catch listeriosis through any contact with an infected animal or insect. In addition, their feces are also dangerous. Veterinary intervention is powerless. In its acute form, the disease exterminates the weakest animals. Most often, young animals suffer, after which the rabbit also dies. over, death occurs within a day. The chronic form is less fulminant. An infected rabbit can live up to 1.5 months. Very rarely, a lethal outcome can be avoided, but such an individual becomes useless for further maintenance.
Recognizing listeriosis is easy. Very often, in addition to the fact that the hind legs have failed in rabbits, other symptoms are also observed: in infected animals, the spleen is enlarged and the liver is affected. It is very difficult to identify such signs on your own. But if the body of the animal is cramping, this is 95% indicative of infection with listeriosis.
When a rabbit has lost its hind legs due to listeriosis, there is no chance of recovery. The spread of this disease in the herd being kept is unpredictable. At the first suspicion of such a disease, a sick individual should be quarantined and consult a veterinarian. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is necessary to discard the rabbit and conduct a thorough disinfection in the common cage. In addition, it is important to completely get rid of the killed carcass: bury it far from the farm or burn it.
Features of symptoms
If the rabbit‘s hind legs have failed, it is difficult not to notice. Fuzzies are motionless, and during movement they drag them along the ground. Often, this pathological condition affects the pet’s appetite. Sick rabbits may give up their favorite treats, as well as drink.
During this period, it is necessary to provide the rabbit with comfort and coziness by placing it in a separate cage. If the hind legs have failed in several individuals, this most often indicates an infectious disease. In order not to destroy all the livestock, you should quickly isolate healthy rabbits and contact your veterinarian.
Very often, when the paws of the eared ones are taken away due to some other pathological conditions, the course of paralysis becomes unpredictable. When the condition of rabbits worsens, other symptoms may appear:
- the formation of pressure ulcers of the skin of the extremities, which is in constant contact with the floor of the cell (sometimes the legs become bald);
- problems with urination;
- profuse salivation;
- disorientation in space.
When a pathological condition affects the nervous system, the development of the disease becomes unpredictable. Very often, veterinary intervention does not bring the desired effect and the animal dies.
In some cases, with timely referral to specialists, it is still possible to save the animal. But paralysis of the hind limbs in a rabbit with CNS problems requires long-term treatment, which can take from a week to one month. In addition, the drugs used for these purposes cost a lot, so very often breeders prefer to cull sick animals, and not expose themselves to waste.
Severity of paralysis in rabbits
Paralysis in rabbits occurs both due to injuries and due to infection with certain diseases. The signs of such a pathological condition are always similar, because most often the paws suffer from it. Only additional symptoms, which indicate the presence of certain diseases in the animal, may differ.
It is not difficult to determine whether a rabbit is paralyzed or not: the eared ones usually fall to their feet. During movement, a sick rabbit drags its paws along the ground.
Regardless of the cause of the pathological condition in rabbits, paws fail to varying degrees of damage. When one leg is damaged, it is monoparesis, when two, it is paraparesis. And when the paws are taken away completely. tetraparesis. This form is the most difficult. The animal is completely immobilized and cannot move. Plus, it’s not just injury or illness that can cause paralysis. Sometimes this condition is a response of the nervous system to a threat. The stress from the influence of external factors leads to other equally serious illnesses and even to the death of the pet.
What to do if a rabbit has lost its hind or front legs
Paralysis of the limbs in rabbits is a common problem. When the rabbit’s hind legs have failed, it is necessary to find out the exact cause of such a pathological condition, because it depends on this how and with what to treat the pet.
Rabbit’s hind or front legs have failed
There are several diseases that can provoke the manifestation of paralysis. A novice breeder should not waste a minute, because some diseases can lead to death of the animal.
Injuries to the legs in rabbits
Muscle and bone injuries are a common cause of rabbit hind legs failing. Most often, the eared ear is injured in the following cases:
- falls and bumps;
- sloppy sharp movement in stressful situations.
This is partly due to poor physical activity.
rabbits at home negatively affects their health. Like many caged animals, they cannot afford to move a lot. This leads to a deterioration in the condition of the bone tissue. The result is a fracture from any fall or light blow. Even a sudden movement of the eared as a result of a fright can injure him.
The risk group also includes newborn rabbits who are artificially fed. Their immunity is weak and at greater risk than babies who receive all the nutrients in breast milk. In addition, it is important not only to monitor the diet of small pets, but also to help them with defecation: they do not know how to do this on their own, therefore, tummy massage should be performed. At the same time, the procedure itself requires maximum caution: any wrong movement of the hands can injure the baby.
Cause. brain inflammation
The brain is the organ responsible for the functioning of many systems. Its correct work allows every living being to think, react to some external and internal factors, succumb to reflexes, etc. Locomotor activity also belongs to the service sector of the brain. Any violation of this organ can not only take away some important function from the body, but also lead to death.
Inflammation of the brain can also be one of the reasons why the rabbit has failed hind legs. The most common diseases are:
- Encephalitis. Inflammation of the brain, the main symptom of which is paralysis. A sick individual not only cannot stand on its paws, but often even turns its head to the side. Such a disease does not respond to treatment. It is rarely possible to save the life of an animal, but even after healing, vital reflexes remain impaired.
- Encephalomyelitis. Brain damage occurs as a result of infection with infectious diseases. Paralysis is one of the main symptoms of this disease. From the moment of the onset of signs of inflammation to the death of the animal, it takes 1 to 4 days.
- Meningitis. Inflammation of not only the brain, but also the spinal cord, since it is very difficult to get rid of meningitis with other diseases.
It is best to ask a specialist about what to do when signs of brain inflammation appear. Experienced farmers are not advised to fight for the life of a sick animal because of the minimal chances of its recovery. It’s best to kill him.
Before proceeding to extreme measures, you should take the sick rabbit to the veterinarian. Very often, similar symptoms are manifested in disorders of the central nervous system, and the nervous system has a better chance of recovery. In addition, modern drugs used in specialized clinics allow the animal’s health to be restored in 5-7 days if the breeder contacts the breeder in a timely manner.
What causes rabbits to fail paws
Hind limb paralysis in rabbits occurs for a number of reasons. The most common are:
- nutritional problems;
- infection with infectious diseases;
- broken limbs and other injuries;
- pinched nerves;
It is no less rare for a rabbit to show paralysis of the hind limbs due to a calcium deficiency in the body. If the breeder makes mistakes in the preparation of the feed, not adding additives that are beneficial to the pet’s health, this quickly affects the health of the furry. Calcium, necessary for the structure and strengthening of bone tissue, begins to wash out, as a result of which the skeleton becomes fragile.
Particularly susceptible to the lack of this trace element are individuals that have a weak unstable immunity: a pregnant rabbit, as well as any eared rabbit prone to frequent illnesses. Young animals also suffer. Every second rabbit has very weak immunity and requires constant replenishment of vitamins and minerals.
What a farmer should do
When looking for a reason why a rabbit’s hind legs have failed, it is necessary to act quickly.
Any hour or even minute can be decisive, so you should immediately contact a specialist for help. Experienced farmers do not recommend treating the livestock on their own: this only leads to a deterioration in the health of the animal and to its death. It is possible to identify the cause of the pathological condition only if the pet has broken its paw. This is noticeable both in his behavior and in external signs. In addition, a fracture rarely touches two or more paws, so it is easy to determine if the limbs are injured or paralyzed.
If the paws fail for another reason, only a veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis. The first actions of a person should be aimed at isolating the rabbit from external stimuli. It should be moved to a separate cage in a warm and calm place away from noise. If the rabbit knocks with an injured foot, this is a good sign: the animal hits the cage inventory, knocks over the bedding and behaves unnaturally due to its own anxiety. The presence of physical activity may indicate the presence of pain resulting from an injury or pinched nerve.
Features of treatment and rehabilitation
If at the end of the diagnosis it was possible to establish that the sensitivity of the hind legs was preserved, then it is necessary to start treatment aimed at the speedy restoration of motor function.
To begin with, the rabbit is placed in a warm box lined with a thick layer of soft cloth. In the first 24 hours after the onset of signs of paralysis, you need to keep the pet in a cramped cage to limit its physical activity as much as possible.
After 2-3 days, you can and should release the rabbit for a walk. Otherwise, muscle atrophy may begin. A gentle massage will be helpful. the hind limbs need not be pulled strongly, and then released. The massage is repeated 4-5 times a day. Of the drugs used are anti-inflammatory drugs and B vitamins.
In the case when the paralysis of the hind legs is provoked by an acute calcium deficiency in the rabbit’s body, therapy is required aimed at replenishing the deficiency of a useful trace element. Calcium borgluconate is best suited for these purposes.
Treatment is carried out according to the following scheme:
- the first two days. 1 ml of the drug 2 times a day, administered by subcutaneous injection;
- the next three days. 0.25 ml per day intramuscularly.
The dosage is indicated per adult. When treating rabbits, the indicated dose is halved.
Before the introduction, the drug must be warmed up to a body temperature of 3537 degrees.
For the same purposes, calcium glutamate, produced in tablets, is also used. They are ground into powder and dissolved in water for the rabbit to drink. To quickly replenish the lack of calcium in the first 3 days of therapy, you can give the maximum daily dose of the drug. 120 mg per 1 kg of body weight.
For the general strengthening of the animal’s body and the rapid restoration of the balance of all the necessary trace elements, the complex preparation “Gamavit” is used. The daily dose is 0.5 ml per kilogram of rabbit weight.
In the case when the pet does not stand on one hind leg, and no external damage has been identified, it is most likely a fracture. The bones will heal over time, and a tight bandage or splint prevents the limb from curving.
In case of paralysis caused by a concussion or other disorders of the central nervous system, the Almag apparatus is highly effective. With electrical impulses, it acts directly on damaged tissues and contributes to their rapid recovery. Treatment is carried out according to the recommendations of the instructions for use.
If the rabbit has been diagnosed with a spinal fracture, then even an operable intervention may be ineffective.
Experienced breeders are aware of such a problem when the rabbit‘s hind legs failed, and there were no reasons provoking the pathology. That is, the paralysis was not preceded by blows, falls, or stress. At the same time, the female looks quite healthy. Most likely, the cause of the disease is listeriosis. The causative agent of the disease is bacteria that multiply very quickly in the body and secrete toxins that affect the brain and central nervous system.
Pregnant females are most susceptible to listeriosis. In the early stages, a miscarriage is possible. Even if the rabbit’s hind legs were taken away, but she was able to bear and give birth to offspring, the rabbits have no chance of survival. Listeriosis is one of the dangerous diseases that cause the death of the entire herd.
There are also a number of infectious diseases, which are symptomatic of paresis. These include encephalomyelitis, meningitis, pachymeningitis, encephalitis, and leptomeningitis. An infection that affects the meninges and changes the cerebrospinal fluid can be recognized by a sharp weakening of reflexes. The rabbit is completely disoriented in space, and attempts to move are accompanied by cramps and falls on the side.
A rabbit with hind leg paralysis should be quarantined immediately.
If we are talking about an infectious disease, then such a precaution will help protect the rest of the livestock from the disease.
Basic diagnostic rules
The first thing to do when the rabbit’s limbs have come off is to place the animal in a separate box. The room should be dry, clean, warm and comfortable. Harsh noises and other factors that frighten the animal should be excluded.
Examine the legs for visible damage. The presence of foreign objects, wounds and growths indicates that it is simply painful for the animal to step on the limbs.
If no external damage is detected, it is necessary to check whether the sensitivity of this part of the body is preserved. Use the needle to prick an immovable foot and observe the rabbit’s reaction. If he is in pain, he will pull out, twitch and the like.
The needle prick should not be strong. a light piercing of the skin is enough. In this case, a sharp instrument must be pre-sterilized to avoid infection of the puncture site.
During diagnosis, you should try to minimize the movement of the rabbit’s body. If we are talking about a spinal fracture, any sudden movement can cause a deterioration in the animal’s condition.
If, as a result of visual inspection and the simplest diagnostics, it was possible to establish that the sensitivity of the rabbit’s hind legs is completely absent, specialized help is indispensable. In a veterinary clinic, a doctor must prescribe a blood test and X-ray examination.
A comprehensive examination helps to identify internal fractures and injuries, as well as to detect toxins in the blood that indicate the development of an infection.
The rabbit must be transported to the veterinary clinic in a special soft transport that protects against shock and vibration. If not to be carried, you can use a box of a suitable size, tightly covered with a blanket.
Head or spine injury
The most common cause of paralysis in rabbits is a head injury. A blow or fall provokes a concussion, a complication of which is paresis. Damaged neural centers responsible for the functions of the hind limbs simply stop doing their job.
In some cases, the ability to move all four paws returns to the rabbit after some time, without the use of special therapy. But there are often cases when even strong drug treatment does not bring the desired result.
If the animal falls from a height of more than one meter, a fracture of the spine or displacement of the vertebrae may occur. Due to innate curiosity, the rabbit can consider what is happening outside the cage and simply fall out of it. Therefore, if the cages are installed on an elevation, you need to ensure that the doors are always closed.
Rabbits can injure each other in fights. Young males are especially aggressive and reclaim their territory. But females can also fight, especially if they have offspring.
All mechanical damage leading to the failure of the hind legs in rabbits is practically not amenable to treatment. Avoid situations in which your pet could be seriously injured.
The most common reasons
The main symptoms of paresis are dragging of the hind legs, inability to stand on all four legs. In other words, a breeder can immediately notice a health problem.
Hind legs are taken away from rabbits for various reasons:
- spinal injury;
- vertebral hernias and congenital pathologies;
- damage to the body by infection;
- pathological lack of essential minerals caused by improper diet.
Following the first signs of paresis, other symptoms appear. These include. urinary incontinence, uncontrolled defecation, impaired coordination of movements, convulsions, intense thirst, increased salivation. Pressure sores and purulent wounds may appear on the paralyzed part of the body.
Let’s try to figure out in more detail what to do if the rabbit’s hind legs have failed. Naturally, contacting a specialized clinic in this case is the right way to solve the problem. But if this is not possible, you can try to independently identify the causes of paralysis and provide proper treatment.
What to do if a rabbit has lost its hind legs
In this article, we’ll talk about why a rabbit has lost its hind legs. There are many factors that cause hind limb paralysis. The primary task in this case is to identify the causes of the negative phenomenon. This will help provide effective assistance to the animal and avoid its death. In some cases, the rabbit can be saved and restored to full mobility, and in some, the pathology is incurable.
Other causes of paralysis
Serious disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract can also provoke the development of paresis. Multi-day diarrhea or lingering constipation is no less life-threatening to a rabbit than an infection that affects the brain.
What is the danger of diarrhea, and how to treat it, you can read in the article “Causes and treatment of diarrhea in rabbits.” The article “What to do with constipation in a rabbit” will help you to understand the factors that provoke constipation, as well as to choose an effective therapy regimen.
In rabbits, the hind limbs can fail in case of acute calcium deficiency in the body. This element is necessary for the animal for the normal functioning of all organs and systems.
If the animal receives little calcium from food, the body begins to consume it from its own resources. That is, from the bone skeleton. As a result, the bones become fragile and depleted. The fracture can happen spontaneously, without a previous blow or fall.
Calcium deficiency can occur with poor or monotonous feeding of rabbits. Especially carefully you need to monitor the diet of foster and lactating rabbits.
Some rabbit breeders try to plant the rabbits as early as possible, so that the female is not very exhausted and is ready for the next mating faster. This can also cause a lack of a valuable trace element in the rabbit’s body, since breast milk contains a large amount of calcium.
Sometimes the rabbit does not stand on its hind legs due to growths, cracks and wounds on the limbs. This is how the pododermatitis disease manifests itself. The disease develops when animals are kept in dirty cages or enclosures have too hard bottom. Learn more from the article “On the treatment of pododermatitis in rabbits.” This disease does not cause paralysis, but the rabbit stops walking on all four limbs.
Malfunction of the nervous system
Rabbits may lose their hind legs due to severe stress or pain shock. In this case, the sensitivity of the limbs is preserved. It is very simple to check this. lightly prick the back of the body with a needle, if the animal reacts to a stimulus, then most likely, after a short time period, the ability to fully move will fully recover.
The rabbit must be placed in a separate cage, to ensure peace and good nutrition. After 5-7 days, motor functions will fully recover.
Rabbits are very shy animals. Therefore, it is important to prevent the occurrence of the fear factor, which can provoke malfunctions in the central nervous system. Causes of stress. noise and vibration, harsh light, shock, attack by predators.
Foster and lactating rabbits are especially vulnerable to external stimuli. In the room where the cells from the mother liquor are installed, it is forbidden to carry out repair work or turn on bright lights in the evening. Even the noise of water pouring from the tap can lead to negative consequences.
When the rabbit’s hind legs are taken away, this is often to blame:
- spinal injuries. blows, fractures, pinching;
In both cases, due to injury, nerves are affected. the neural centers that control the work of the hind legs. If the functioning of the nerve fibers is impaired, the limbs do not move. In addition to bruises, sprains and fractures, sprains of the paws lead to paralysis.
Injuries are received during mating or fights. Sometimes rabbits are let down by curiosity. They stick out of the cage and fall. Cats or dogs are more likely to tolerate these types of injuries. For a rabbit, falling from a height of 1 m is a serious threat.
What to do if a rabbit has lost its legs
On their own, as a rule, only fractures are found. In any case, they quickly create comfortable conditions for the rabbit and go to the veterinarian.
Lack of calcium in the body
Do not underestimate proper nutritional management and a nutritious diet. When the body lacks calcium, the following happens:
- The substance is washed out of the bones. As a result, the rabbit gets a lot of disorders: frequent fractures, osteoporosis, rickets, and so on. Weakened bones are to blame.
- Important processes are slowing down. Calcium is needed for many compounds. As a result, the brain, muscles and other organs suffer.
Often the legs are taken away due to a lack of calcium in lactating rabbits and juveniles. Intensive feeding of beets, spinach, part of the cereals can lead to a deficiency. These foods remove calcium.
Radiography of rabbit hindlimb
Excess substance is also a problem. Clogged urinary tract, salts, stones appear.
Sometimes the reason is not visible. There are no injuries or stress, but the hind legs do not walk. It could be listeriosis. The disease is infectious. It is caused by bacteria. listeria rods. Enter the body:
- through blood into wounds, abrasions;
- with food;
- through the mucous membranes;
- after tick bites;
- across the placenta to the fetus.
Almost all pets and humans suffer from listeriosis. Sometimes the disease does not manifest itself for a long time. A strong organism fights bacteria. The acute form of listeriosis kills rabbit lives in a matter of hours. The disease is especially susceptible to:
- pregnant or lactating rabbits;
- weakened, sick animals;
- too young or old individuals.
Constipation or diarrhea
The paws also fail due to digestive problems. In the body, everything is connected:
- With diarrhea, the rabbit loses a lot of fluids.
- Further, due to dehydration, the blood becomes very thick.
- Blood circulation is impaired, including in the brain. Areas responsible for the work of the hind legs suffer.
- Paralysis sets in.
In digestive disorders, the mechanism may be different, but the consequences are the same:
Absolem is ill, Rabbit paralysis
- Diarrhea, constipation lead to the accumulation of harmful, toxic substances in the body.
- Toxins poison the blood, damage the central nervous system.
- Nervous system disorders cause paralysis.
- With digestive problems and constipation, pain in the intestines appears.
- Constant discomfort leads to intense stress. As a result, the paws fail again due to a failure in the central nervous system.
These causes and mechanisms sometimes work together or in combinations. Often they are caused by serious mistakes in drawing up a rabbit menu.
Causes of paralysis of the hind limbs
The symptoms cannot be overlooked. The animal drags its paws or cannot move. One or both legs work worse (paresis) or the hind limbs do not move at all (paralysis). Gradually the condition worsens:
- Bedsores are formed. Festering wounds appear on the skin.
- The rabbit no longer controls urination, incontinence is observed.
- Digestion is impaired, causing diarrhea.
- The animal’s head is spinning. He is getting worse and worse in space.
- Profuse, uncontrolled salivation.
If the rabbit’s hind legs have failed, they look for the reasons for the violation. There are many of them. it can be difficult to determine what caused the problem. Dealt with the veterinarian. The violation is serious, so they act quickly.
Treatment and rehabilitation methods
Therapy depends on the cause of the paralysis. Treatment is not suitable for all cases, sometimes only in part. The scheme is chosen by the veterinarian. Often they do the following:
- Relieve pain with medication.
- They fight inflammation of tissues, nerves with the help of medications.
- Treat infections, such as getting rid of listeria.
- Replenish the deficiency of the necessary substances.
- Massage the paws that refuse to work. This is done after the inflammation has subsided. Limb massage and gymnastics are needed so that muscles do not atrophy, blood circulation is restored. If there are no fractures, serious bruises, bend and straighten the paws.
- A little later, the factor of “native walls” is used. For rehabilitation, a rabbit is released into a familiar enclosure. Air and positive emotions help you recover. At first, the animals crawl in the wild for 10-15 minutes a day. Such a load is also useful. Fencing off the site, monitoring safety.
- Injections are given. They relieve swelling, eliminate the effects of hemorrhages, help with stress.
- Sometimes physical therapy, acupuncture.