home Dogs The rate of feeding the dog dry food per day

The rate of feeding the dog dry food per day

Moderation and control

To find out how much dry food to give a dog per day, it is most correct to act empirically: weigh it regularly and, depending on the results obtained, adjust the diet in one direction or another. However, the owner in any case needs a starting point. the amount of feed in grams from which he will start. For this, Acana specialists have developed feeding norms that take into account the age, body weight, activity level and other characteristics of the animals.

When underfeeding is dangerous

During pregnancy and lactation, the energy and nutrient requirements of animals increase significantly. If your pet is expecting offspring, add 25-50% to her usual diet. And when she puppies, food should not be limited at all. Leave it freely available and let the dog eat as much as he likes throughout the lactation period.

It is normal for a lactating bitch to eat 200% of her normal food intake. Malnutrition during this energy-consuming period is fraught with a decrease in the quality of milk and loss of health for a four-legged mother. If a dog feeds puppies, but is unable to eat a large amount of food and is clearly losing weight, it is reasonable to switch it to a higher-calorie product, for example Orijen Puppy Dog, which contains 520 kcal per 120 g.

Recommended amount of feed

rate, feeding, food

In addition to weight, the recommendations provide for such a criterion as activity. If your pet has a minimum of physical activity (one hour a day or less), feed it according to the data in the “Reduced activity” column. For example, a dog weighing 10 kg, which lives in an apartment and walks twice a day for 20-30 minutes, will only need 120 grams of the specified product. If your pet runs and trains a lot, feel free to choose the “Increased activity” option.

How many times a day to feed?

Adult dogs are fed twice a day, half an hour after the walk. It is better to do this always at the same hours: for example, at 7.00 and 19.00. It is recommended to feed puppies more often. 3-5 times a day, gradually reducing the number of feedings. By 10-12 months, they will be ready to switch to “adult” mode.

Once you’ve decided how much dry food to feed your dog, divide the amount by the number of feedings. This will be a portion for one meal. It may seem to you that it is extremely small, but this is not at all the case, because dry food is a concentrated product that practically does not contain moisture. While in meat, fish and wet canned food, moisture sometimes reaches 80-85%. It turns out that the portion volume when feeding with natural food increases due to ordinary water, which animals, being on dry food, simply receive separately.

You need to measure dry food on a kitchen scale or using a measuring cup. If the dog has not eaten (or has not finished eating) the offered, the bowl is removed before the next feeding, which should take place at the proper time and in the usual amount.

Young and old

Puppies need a lot of energy to develop and grow. Calculate daily allowances for them using the recommendations at the bottom of the table, or choose special products for puppies marked Puppy, where the norms are indicated by weight and type of breed.

Elderly animals (over 7 years old), on the contrary, tend to be overweight due to age-related slowdown in metabolism and decreased physical activity. In some Acana and Orijen lines, there are special dry foods marked Senior, taking into account the biological needs of this particular age category. If the dog is picky about food and is used to a different diet, you can stay on it, slightly lowering the usual rate.

How many grams of dry food to give a dog?

There are two fundamentally opposite approaches to feeding pets. Some owners scrupulously calculate the calorie content to the nearest gram, others pour granules into the bowl without regret, considering the pet’s appetite as the only guideline. The truth, as always, is somewhere in between: pharmaceutical scales are not required, but control cannot be completely abandoned. After all, the lack of a framework in nutrition sooner or later leads to obesity and related problems.

Individual approach

When deciding how many grams of dry food to feed your dog, keep in mind that each animal is unique and throughout life its needs will vary depending on internal and external factors. For example, in the cold season, aviary dogs spend a lot of energy to maintain a normal body temperature, which means they need an enhanced diet with an emphasis on the “right” fats, that is, animal fats from quality sources. At the same time, apartment dogs, walking a little, do not need extra calories, which will invariably turn into body fat.

Selecting dry dog ​​food and calculating the portion size

⋅ Economy Class is made from offal and cereals and does not contain meat. Its energy value is 280-320 Kcal. When choosing this feed, vitamin and mineral supplements must be introduced into the animal’s diet. The portion of this food is the largest. In addition, often unscrupulous manufacturers write on the packaging a composition that does not correspond to reality, increasing the dose of certain ingredients or even replacing them with better ones.

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⋅ Premium class is made with the addition of meat. Its energy value is 320-400 Kcal. These foods are more recommended by veterinarians and experienced breeders than cheaper economy brands.

⋅ Super-premium class is made mainly from meat and is a complete diet. There is no need to add additional nutrients to the dog’s food. Energy value of feed. 400-450 Kcal.

⋅ Holistic is 60% meat. This is the most nutritious diet. A portion is the smallest, but its energy value is 400-450 Kcal. However, professionals often say that the holistic class does not differ much in its nutritional value from premium and super-premium, and such feed is more expensive due to belonging to the most premium class.

Each dry dog ​​food must be labeled with the serving size on the packaging. It differs depending on the brand and the energy value of the product. One serving is usually divided into two meals: morning and evening meals.

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On average, dogs of large breeds (for example, German Shepherd, weight from 40 kg) consume 500 g of premium food and 700-800 g of economy food per day. Fodder for them is developed less high in calories, because the metabolism of the animal is slow. That is, they eat a lot, but the food for them is more dietary.

Medium breed dogs (weight from 12 to 40 kg) eat 350-450 g of premium food and 550-650 g of economy class.

For small breeds, the most high-calorie feed is selected due to their excessive activity. Small dogs (for example, Yorkshire Terrier, weight up to 12 kg) eat 150-300 g of premium food and 350-400 economy food per day.

Portion calculation for a pregnant dog

During pregnancy and lactation, the dog uses more energy. Starting from the 42nd day of pregnancy, the portion of dry food and water of the animal increases by 25-50%. Provide a pregnant or lactating dog with constant access to food. In this case, you can not follow the diet if your animal is not prone to obesity. Puppies and feeding will use up extra calories, and fasting during this period is much more dangerous. However, do weigh the animal regularly to minimize risks.

Age restrictions when calculating the portion of dry food

The energy expenditure of animals changes with age. Puppies are active, they are growing and they need high-calorie food and a larger portion. With reaching the age of seven, the dogs become calmer, energy activity decreases, as does the portion of food. And in large breeds, for example, in Great Danes, the aging process can begin at all from two years old. In any case, you either stick to the lower limit when calculating the portion of food, or transfer the dog to a special food marked Senior.

Portion calculation for dogs with an active lifestyle

Not all of our pets are couch potatoes. Some dogs lead an active lifestyle: they serve, participate in exhibitions. The activity level of these animals is higher than the average calculation. Constant physical activity increases energy consumption. In this case, the portion must be increased by ⅓.

Seasonality as an indicator of dog feeding

Service dogs work regardless of whether the weather outside the window is good or bad. Animals often carry their post outside and in the cold season the dog spends more energy. The body consumes additional nutrients to keep it warm. The portion of dry animal feed should be increased by ⅓ in the cold season and reduced by ⅓ in the warm season.

An adult dog should not be fed more than twice a day. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal problems.

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It is important to understand that food for your pet is not a cost item to save on. The composition of cheap and expensive feed is very different from each other. Thus, economy-class food contains blood, bones, hooves, horns, modified soybeans and vegetable oil cake. Premium and super premium food is more natural, it consists of meat, offal, skin, bones, cereals and vegetables. Experienced breeders and veterinarians recommend feeding your dogs more expensive but more natural foods.

If the dog has health problems, the selection of the correct food must be done under the supervision of a veterinarian. He will choose a diet food that will not harm your pet.

Another nuance that should be clarified: you can not interfere with feed of different brands when feeding. You should buy food from a specific manufacturer that suits your dog and takes into account all of its individual characteristics. Mixing feed of different brands, like mixing drying and natural feed, can lead to an imbalance of vitamins in the animal’s body and dysfunction of the digestive system.

Should you feed your puppy dry food?

Babies are active, they grow and spend more energy. Such food for them is a balanced diet containing all the necessary vitamins and minerals for the development of the animal. Since all vital processes are formed in the puppy’s body, you need to be especially careful when choosing food and calculating portions. Almost every producer of dry food, especially premium and super-premium class, has a division of products by age. So you can buy exactly the right food for your pet’s age.

In the first month of life, the puppy feeds on breast milk, which is replaced by artificial nutrition only if the bitch refused to feed the puppy or her milk is toxic due to illness. To successfully transfer a puppy from natural milk to powdered milk, it must be fed at least eight times a day, gradually reducing the amount of feeding. So, in the third and fourth weeks of a puppy’s life, four times a day is enough, and then the pet can be gradually taught to solid food. You should start with wet food, which is easy to lick and swallow. It is recommended to soak solid granules in water. By the third month of life, the puppy’s milk teeth are strong enough to gnaw.

How to train your puppy to dry food

Often breeders do this from childhood. To do this, they soak it first in breast milk and then in water. Thus, at the moment of moving, the puppy is ready to completely switch to “drying”.

Due to the active growth and development, the feeding of the dog will change every month. Puppies in the second month of life need to be fed 5-6 times a day. Then remove one meal every two months, gradually leaving only two meals a day. Try to follow the regime. Set the bowl of food in for 15 minutes and then remove. If you missed your feeding time, then wait for the next meal. A puppy, like any child, can be capricious. If there is food left in the bowl, do not give him extra volume at the next meal. With such restrictions, you can quickly teach him to endure and not go to the toilet before walking. If you experience regular malnutrition or refusal to eat, see your doctor. If the puppy is healthy, then the doctor will definitely help you choose food and calculate the portion.

Daily diet: dosage

There is a myth that feeding dogs only dry food is unhealthy. Therefore, many people mix their pets with goodies from the table. With such “care” the owners harm the animal: dry dog ​​food is a balanced diet, tested by doctors and containing all the necessary vitamins and minerals. If you decide to add a product to the pet’s diet, then an overabundance of nutrients is possible. For example, feeding an animal from a festive table with a chicken leg, and then giving crackers, you increased the protein in the dog’s body. An excess can lead to diseases of the stomach and intestinal tract. Don’t experiment with your pet’s health.

It is especially important to follow the dosage during puppy development. For example, if a small pet gets more calcium than is necessary for its age and weight, the risk of developing hip dysplasia increases.

Dry food must be dosed depending on its class and size of the dog. There should always be drinking water next to the bowl, which is three times the feed rate. A healthy adult animal drinks 30-50 ml of water per kg of body weight per day. Puppies need to be given half a glass of water every two hours: because of their active growth, they consume calories and liquid faster.

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How much dry food to give a dog per day: table of daily allowance, how to calculate by weight

Our pets do not know the norm of food and cannot stop in time. And if a kind owner always responds to the pet’s plaintive look, the dog can get sick. There are many diseases associated with overeating, and some of them are fatal. The same can be said for not eating enough food. Let’s figure out how much dry food you need to give your dog.

Croutons or natural food

Among dog breeders there are constant disputes about what is still better to feed their pets: industrial food or products from the master’s table. At first glance, the second option is more acceptable, since in this case the dog will eat fresh meat, vegetables and dairy products, while dry food is perceived by many as fast food for animals, an analogue of human chips and crackers. We are in a hurry to dispel this myth: dry food is developed by scientists and veterinarians, laying in them all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals that will support the metabolism and health of the dog. In turn, at home it is quite difficult to independently calculate the correct balance of protein, folic acid, prebiotics, vitamins A, D and E and other components of the daily diet.

In addition, the composition takes into account certain predispositions of different breeds of dogs to various diseases, allergies and pathologies, reducing the risk of illness or development of deviations.

There is another equally common myth that dogs need a varied diet to live a fulfilling life. This is not so: dogs are quite conservative animals in terms of their taste preferences. Therefore, it is recommended to change the food only as the pet grows up, and also in some cases: if the dog is allergic to a particular food, or during pregnancy and lactation.

Calculating serving size

Each pack of dry food will suggest a portion calculation for the puppy. It takes into account the characteristics of the breed and the size of the dog. On average, a serving of a large breed puppy is 600-900 g of premium food and 900-1200 of economy class. Medium breed dogs at a young age should consume 450-600 g of premium food and 600-800 g of economy class. Small breeds need 200-400 g of premium feed and 450-600 g of economy class.

When dry feeding, give your puppy free access to plenty of water. Remember to change the water regularly to keep it fresh.

Should you feed your puppy dry food?

Babies are active, they grow and spend more energy. Such food for them is a balanced diet containing all the necessary vitamins and minerals for the development of the animal. Since all vital processes are formed in the puppy’s body, you need to be especially careful when choosing food and calculating portions. Almost every producer of dry food, especially premium and super-premium class, has a division of products by age. So you can buy exactly the right food for your pet’s age.

In the first month of life, the puppy feeds on breast milk, which is replaced by artificial nutrition only if the bitch refused to feed the puppy or her milk is toxic due to illness. To successfully transfer a puppy from natural milk to powdered milk, it must be fed at least eight times a day, gradually reducing the amount of feeding. So, in the third and fourth weeks of a puppy’s life, four times a day is enough, and then the pet can be gradually taught to solid food. You should start with wet food, which is easy to lick and swallow. It is recommended to soak solid granules in water. By the third month of life, the puppy’s milk teeth are already strong enough to gnaw.

Croutons or natural food

Among dog breeders there are constant disputes about what is still better to feed their pets: industrial food or products from the master’s table. At first glance, the second option is more acceptable, since in this case the dog will eat fresh meat, vegetables and dairy products, while dry food is perceived by many as fast food for animals, an analogue of human chips and crackers. We are in a hurry to dispel this myth: dry food is developed by scientists and veterinarians, laying in them all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals that will support the metabolism and health of the dog. In turn, at home it is quite difficult to independently calculate the correct balance of protein, folic acid, prebiotics, vitamins A, D and E and other components of the daily diet.

In addition, the composition takes into account certain predispositions of different breeds of dogs to various diseases, allergies and pathologies, reducing the risk of illness or development of deviations.

There is another equally common myth that dogs need a varied diet to live a fulfilling life. This is not so: dogs are quite conservative animals in terms of their taste preferences. Therefore, it is recommended to change the food only as the pet grows up, and also in some cases: if the dog is allergic to a particular food, or during pregnancy and lactation.

Selecting dry dog ​​food and calculating the portion size

⋅ Economy Class is made from offal and cereals and does not contain meat. Its energy value is 280-320 Kcal. When choosing this feed, vitamin and mineral supplements must be introduced into the animal’s diet. The portion of this food is the largest. In addition, often unscrupulous manufacturers write on the packaging a composition that does not correspond to reality, increasing the dose of certain ingredients or even replacing them with better ones.

⋅ Premium class is made with the addition of meat. Its energy value is 320-400 Kcal. These foods are more recommended by veterinarians and experienced breeders than cheaper economy brands.

⋅ Super-premium class is made mainly from meat and is a complete diet. There is no need to add additional nutrients to the dog’s food. Energy value of feed. 400-450 Kcal.

⋅ Holistic is 60% meat. This is the most nutritious diet. A portion is the smallest, but its energy value is 400-450 Kcal. However, professionals often say that the holistic class does not differ much in its nutritional value from premium and super-premium, and such feed is more expensive due to belonging to the most premium class.

Each dry dog ​​food must be labeled with the serving size on the packaging. It differs depending on the brand and the energy value of the product. One serving is usually divided into two meals: morning and evening meals.

On average, dogs of large breeds (for example, German Shepherd, weight from 40 kg) consume 500 g of premium food and 700-800 g of economy food per day. Fodder for them is developed less high in calories, because the metabolism of the animal is slow. That is, they eat a lot, but the food for them is more dietary.

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Medium breed dogs (weight from 12 to 40 kg) eat 350-450 g of premium food and 550-650 g of economy class.

For small breeds, the most high-calorie feed is selected due to their excessive activity. Small dogs (for example, Yorkshire Terrier, weight up to 12 kg) eat 150-300 g of premium food and 350-400 economy food per day.

Portion calculation for a pregnant dog

During pregnancy and lactation, the dog uses more energy. Starting from the 42nd day of pregnancy, the portion of dry food and water of the animal increases by 25-50%. Provide a pregnant or lactating dog with constant access to food. In this case, you can not follow the diet if your animal is not prone to obesity. Puppies and feeding will use up extra calories, and fasting during this period is much more dangerous. However, do weigh the animal regularly to minimize risks.

Age restrictions when calculating the portion of dry food

The energy expenditure of animals changes with age. Puppies are active, they are growing and they need high-calorie food and a larger portion. With reaching the age of seven, the dogs become calmer, energy activity decreases, as does the portion of food. And in large breeds, for example, in Great Danes, the aging process can begin at all from two years old. In any case, you either stick to the lower limit when calculating the portion of food, or transfer the dog to a special food marked Senior.

Portion calculation for dogs with an active lifestyle

Not all of our pets are couch potatoes. Some dogs lead an active lifestyle: they serve, participate in exhibitions. The activity level of these animals is higher than the average calculation. Constant physical activity increases energy consumption. In this case, the portion must be increased by ⅓.

Seasonality as an indicator of dog feeding

Service dogs work regardless of whether the weather outside the window is good or bad. Animals often carry their post outside and in the cold season the dog spends more energy. The body consumes additional nutrients to keep it warm. The portion of dry animal feed should be increased by ⅓ in the cold season and reduced by ⅓ in the warm season.

An adult dog should not be fed more than twice a day. Overfeeding can lead to obesity, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal problems.

It is important to understand that food for your pet is not a cost item to save on. The composition of cheap and expensive feed is very different from each other. Thus, economy-class food contains blood, bones, hooves, horns, modified soybeans and vegetable oil cake. Premium and super premium food is more natural, it consists of meat, offal, skin, bones, cereals and vegetables. Experienced breeders and veterinarians recommend feeding your dogs more expensive but more natural foods.

If the dog has health problems, the selection of the correct food must be done under the supervision of a veterinarian. He will choose a diet food that will not harm your pet.

Another nuance that should be clarified: you can not interfere with feed of different brands when feeding. You should buy food from a specific manufacturer that suits your dog and takes into account all of its individual characteristics. Mixing feed of different brands, like mixing drying and natural feed, can lead to an imbalance of vitamins in the animal’s body and dysfunction of the digestive system.

How to train your puppy to dry food

Often breeders do this from childhood. To do this, they soak it first in breast milk and then in water. Thus, at the moment of moving, the puppy is ready to completely switch to “drying”.

Due to the active growth and development, the feeding of the dog will change every month. Puppies in the second month of life need to be fed 5-6 times a day. Then remove one meal every two months, gradually leaving only two meals a day. Try to follow the regime. Set the bowl of food in for 15 minutes and then remove. If you missed your feeding time, then wait for the next meal. A puppy, like any child, can be capricious. If there is food left in the bowl, do not give him extra volume at the next meal. With such restrictions, you can quickly teach him to endure and not go to the toilet before walking. If you experience regular malnutrition or refusal to eat, see your doctor. If the puppy is healthy, then the doctor will definitely help you choose food and calculate the portion.

Daily diet: dosage

There is a myth that feeding dogs only dry food is unhealthy. Therefore, many people mix their pets with goodies from the table. With such “care” the owners harm the animal: dry dog ​​food is a balanced diet, tested by doctors and containing all the necessary vitamins and minerals. If you decide to add a product to the pet’s diet, then an overabundance of nutrients is possible. For example, feeding an animal from a festive table with a chicken leg, and then giving crackers, you increased the protein in the dog’s body. An excess can lead to diseases of the stomach and intestinal tract. Don’t experiment with your pet’s health.

It is especially important to follow the dosage during puppy development. For example, if a small pet gets more calcium than is necessary for its age and weight, the risk of developing hip dysplasia increases.

Dry food must be dosed depending on its class and size of the dog. There should always be drinking water next to the bowl, which is three times the feed rate. A healthy adult animal drinks 30-50 ml of water per kg of body weight per day. Puppies need to be given half a glass of water every two hours: because of their active growth, they consume calories and liquid faster.

How much dry food to give a dog per day: table of daily allowance, how to calculate by weight

Our pets do not know the norm of food and cannot stop in time. And if a kind owner always responds to the pet’s plaintive look, the dog can get sick. There are many diseases associated with overeating, and some of them are fatal. The same can be said for not eating enough food. Let’s figure out how much dry food you need to give your dog.

Calculating serving size

Each pack of dry food will suggest a portion calculation for the puppy. It takes into account the characteristics of the breed and the size of the dog. On average, a serving of a large breed puppy is 600-900 g of premium food and 900-1200 of economy class. Medium breed dogs at a young age should consume 450-600 g of premium food and 600-800 g of economy class. Small breeds need 200-400 g of premium feed and 450-600 g of economy class.

When dry feeding, give your puppy free access to plenty of water. Remember to change the water regularly to keep it fresh.

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