Injury to individual areas, for example, when fighting with another cat, or friction from constantly wearing a collar, harnesses lead to the formation of bald patches. This is the mildest type of hair loss in cats and does not require treatment. Wool recovers quickly enough by itself.
In long-haired breeds, for example, the Persians, mats lead to the appearance of focal baldness. Wool, matted into a ball, causes discomfort, tightens the skin. The nutrition of the dermis under the mats is disrupted, which leads to hair loss.
Fungal diseases and parasites
Ringworm, trichophytosis, microsporia, favus are common causes of hair loss. These fungal lesions are characterized by the appearance of areas with broken hairs, but the hair can fall out completely.
Baldness due to fungal infection is characterized by the appearance of bald areas with well-defined borders, the skin on which is red and covered with scales, crusts, sores. With deprivation, the cat’s ears, paws, and areas around the lips become bald. The lesions are also formed in the back, head, neck. May be single or spread over the entire body.
When the infection penetrates, inflammation of the skin begins, pustules form, and after they dry out, crusts. And this is a favorable environment for staphylococci and streptococci.
Ear, subcutaneous mites, fleas, lice in a cat and all the like cause the formation of bald patches with itchy, reddened skin. The cat itches to sores, licks and combs such areas to blood, which provokes the appearance of pustules, pimples.
Diagnostics of the alopecia in the veterinary clinic
It is not necessary to treat alopecia, but the cause that caused it. Therefore, you will need to consult not only a dermatologist, but possibly an endocrinologist.
- Owner’s survey about the cat’s life (living conditions, nutrition, past illnesses).
- General blood analysis.
- Hair microscopy.
- Scraping of the skin to find out if there are fungal lesions.
- An ultrasound or X-ray may be prescribed if tumors of internal organs are suspected.
7 reasons why cats lose their hair and what to do
If the cat’s hair falls out and bald spots are formed, then there are serious problems in the pet’s body. Normally, a small amount of cat hair is lost daily and noticeably more during the seasonal shedding period. Alopecia in cats (baldness, total or partial hair loss) is a sign of health problems.
How to treat baldness
How to treat alopecia, largely depends on the diagnosis. Many owners of mustache at the sight of a bald area shout with horror. “deprive!” and start looking for something to anoint. The approach is completely wrong.
With feline alopecia, most often, complex treatment is prescribed. Local therapy is indicated if a bacterial or fungal infection has joined.
- Treating the underlying condition causing hair loss in cats.
- If skin parasites are identified, drops, tablets, shampoos are prescribed to get rid of. The prognosis is good if antiparasitic treatments are carried out regularly.
- For infections, a course of antibiotics.
- In case of an allergic reaction, the allergen is eliminated. If the cat has food allergies, dietary revision and elimination diet. The prognosis is good if the feed is selected correctly. If the allergen is not identified, the prognosis for recovery is cautious.
- If stress is involved, the cause should be ruled out. With the correct behavior correction, the prognosis is satisfactory. The therapy is long, requires patience from the owner.
- If tumors occur, surgery is performed. Timely operation gives the right to make a positive prognosis. In advanced cases, the animal is not operated on.
Regardless of the reason, it is additionally necessary to strengthen the immunity of the animal. Sometimes the question arises about the selection of a diet in accordance with age, health status, physiology.
Why does a cat go bald
The hair roots are anchored in the hair follicle, which is surrounded by blood vessels, nerve endings. Hence, it is clear that there are many reasons why a cat’s hair falls out in clumps to bald spots. It can be a disturbed metabolism, hormonal, genetic problems, a reaction to parasites, allergies. That is, when a cat becomes bald, the reasons can be both congenital and acquired.
In a healthy animal, the coat is shiny, smooth, and firmly adheres to the skin. A sign that a cat has alopecia is the appearance of bald patches or the presence of abundant hair loss all over the body (not to be confused with shedding in cats).
Bald patches in a cat are formed in random places or are located symmetrically on the body. The skin around the area of baldness may flake, redden, have bumps, ulcers, be hot to the touch.
Funny Cats Playing with Yarn
By the places where bald spots appear in a cat, you can to some extent determine what was the factor of baldness.
Below are the most common causes of hair loss.
Nervous disorders lead to the fact that the cat itself begins to pull out its hair in shreds, “gnaw” fleas, lick itself so hard that the hair begins to fall out.
Intense licking to relieve stress disorder is an obsessive self-grooming behavior. The cat licks the hair to bald spots. In some animals, it even comes to chewing the skin. This type of alopecia is called psychogenic.
A bald spot appears in the abdomen, genitals, inner thighs, legs, behind the ear, on the back, where the cat reaches out with its tongue and paws.
Constant rubbing of the muzzle with the paw can provoke the appearance of acne on the chin.
It is believed that Siamese, Abyssinian, Burmese, Himalayan cats are most susceptible to psychogenic alopecia. It is characteristic that in these breeds, the color of the coat after recovery in the affected areas will be darker.
Stress in cats is underestimated by many owners. Nevertheless, too many factors that seem insignificant to the owners can trigger a state of anxiety and neurosis:
- moving to a new home;
- the appearance of another animal or a new family member;
- moving the tray to a new location;
Also, if a cat licks its belly to a bald spot, parasites, allergies, dermatitis can be the reasons for such excessive “self-grooming”.
Often, owners do not associate the fact that a cat is balding on its stomach and hind legs with licking. After all, the pet does this mainly when alone. Therefore, if the animal’s behavior has changed, it has become secretive, has moved away and baldness has appeared. an urgent need to assess the conditions of its life and identify sources of stress.
When your cat has a hair problem, the first thing to do is take a closer look at the diet. An unbalanced diet, hence the lack of vitamins, quickly affects the appearance. Malnutrition and, as a result, wasting, also lead to baldness.
With a lack of vitamins from groups A, B, C (mainly retinol), small specks appear, devoid of hair. Then they merge and a large bald patch is formed in the cat. This is how alopecia areata manifests itself. With this type of baldness, the skin acquires a characteristic bright pink color.
It should be noted that if a pregnant cat ate poorly, was stressed, lacked vitamins in the diet, then the future offspring already have all the prerequisites for the occurrence of alopecia, which is characterized as congenital.
Correct care (combing the coat)
It is necessary to comb the animal’s fur with special combs. This must be done daily (during the molting period). By combing, you will not only get rid of excess hair on furniture and carpets, but also give proper care to the animal, saving its “fur coat” from tangling.
For combing, it is best to use special tools:
- metal comb,
- slicker brush,
- koltunorez (if tangles appeared),
- furminator (fur destroyer). This is a universal tool with which you can achieve the effect of using all of the above tools.
Constant cleaning in the apartment
Cleanliness is the key to health. Clean your apartment often, especially where your pet lives. Keep carpets and upholstered furniture clean. Whether you like it or not, the shedding period is inevitable. Therefore, try to treat this period with understanding and patience. Keeping it clean on a daily basis will make it easy for you. If you are lazy by nature, then get a modern robot vacuum cleaner that will do all the work for you.
Causes of loss
Before taking any measures to eliminate shedding hair of an animal, you should be aware that shedding can be caused by shedding.
- Seasonal molt. Such molting occurs in spring and autumn. This is not a disease, but a natural phenomenon, with the help of which the animal’s fur is renewed. Do not be afraid of this period, it will pass, and you just need to fight a little with wool.
- Constant molting. This is a fairly common phenomenon, like a person, the animal constantly loses some amount of wool. Permanent shedding is characterized by little hair loss.
- Sudden molt. This can be the cause of any disease. Be sure to contact your veterinarian to determine the cause and purpose of treatment.
What will you learn from the article
A person, starting a pet, does not think about the fact that he will have to fight with the pet’s coat during the molting period. However, you will have to fight and this cannot be avoided. What measures to take during the molting period in animals will be discussed in this article.
No wool, no problem. Quite a good method for getting rid of excess hair. You can trim your pet yourself. But it is better to contact a specialist who will make your pet a handsome man. However, before trimming an animal, make sure that its shedding is not a consequence of any disease. If you trim the animal before visiting the veterinarian, it will be more difficult for him to identify the cause of molting.
How to get rid of cat hair in your home
Nutrition for cats (correct food)
Nutrition plays a huge role for the animal, especially during the molting period. Very often, hair loss in pets is associated with a lack of fatty acids such as Omega 3 and 6. Vitamins should also be added to the animal’s diet according to age. Give your pet brewer’s yeast and sulfur preparations. In any case, if possible, consult your veterinarian about the best vitamin complexes to take.
How to deal with cat hair loss?
So, when you are sure that your animal has seasonal molting, you can start the methods of dealing with wool.
Here you must understand that bathing is useless. Why? Because by bathing the animal all the time, you just keep it clean, but this will not save you from molting. Remember that this period cannot be avoided. This is a natural process of life of any animal, so washing is not enough.
As you already understood, it is impossible to get rid of shedding. During this period, you need to take more care of the animal’s hair and cleanliness in the apartment. Consider the main methods of dealing with pet hair:
When vomiting is no longer the norm
If the cat tears its fur from time to time, but the animal is healthy, vigorous and cheerful, you should not take any special measures, except for combing and taking a paste to remove wool or eat freshly grown grass.
If vomiting is chronic and frequent, this is a reason to think. First, it is possible that the cat is shedding too much. In some individuals, a strong molt is an individual feature. But for the majority, the state of excessive shedding is associated with a lack of vitamins and minerals. The problem can be solved by daily combing the wool with a special paw or furminator, as well as by a single bathing during the molting period.
Additionally, vitamin-mineral complexes or brewer’s yeast are given to minimize shedding. Other measures will be discussed at the end of the article in the section “Prevention”.
Secondly, the cat can groom too much, even if there is no significant molt. And this, in turn, is associated with skin diseases, parasites or stress (many cats lick themselves a lot on nerves). If you see such a problem, that is, if the cat spends too much time washing, it is advisable to show it to the veterinarian. And, of course, if the cat has fleas, they must be removed, because itching because of them, as a rule, becomes the cause of constant licking.
If the cat licks itself a little, but still tears hair, it is advisable to examine the gastrointestinal tract for reduced motility and its causes. Motility disorders often occur due to the following factors:
- stress (this is associated with complex neuroprocesses);
- a sharp transition to a new diet;
- poor quality or unsuitable feed;
- taking a number of medications, such as antibiotics;
- helminths and protozoa;
- pathologies of the liver, kidneys, pancreas and gallbladder;
- foreign bodies in the digestive tract;
- excess weight;
- advanced age.
It is also an alarming sign if in the vomit you see not only wool, but also blotches of blood. If there is very little blood, this may be due to gastritis or mechanical damage to the stomach or esophagus (for example, bones or rough food). If there is a lot of blood or it does not appear for the first time, you need to go to the clinic, because, perhaps, there is internal bleeding. It is sometimes small, but measures must be taken anyway. Self-medication is unacceptable.
Vomiting of hair is normal.
Vomiting is a natural physiological process in cats, designed to rid the gastrointestinal tract of undigested fragments. A cat can vomit, for example, with chitinous shrimp shells or wool. the body is cleansed this way. And this is not the worst scenario. We’ll talk about the worst at the end of the article.
The fur enters the cat’s stomach when licked, therefore, especially clean individuals are at risk. The problem is exacerbated during the shedding period, when the hair is actively falling out and is on the cat’s tongue. Long-haired breeds are twice as likely to vomit wool balls as short-haired breeds.
If the cat has everything in order with intestinal motility and not too much wool has been swallowed, then it passes naturally through the digestive tract in transit. If there is a lot of wool or motility is impaired, vomiting and other unpleasant phenomena are possible.
Cat tears hair: what to do?
Many owners are faced with a situation where the cat is regurgitating fur. Is it dangerous? Is vomiting a normal condition or a reason to run to the vet clinic? You will find answers to these and other questions in the article.
What happens to the fur next?
Vomiting of hair in cats is usually observed in cases where the lump is so large that it does not pass into the duodenum. Such a lump is called a bezoar.
Bezoar is a foreign body in the stomach, which is a calculus of densely matted hair or plant fibers. History has many cases of bezoars in cats and only 400 cases in humans. Bezoars are subdivided into types depending on the composition. A lump formed by wool is called a trichobezoar. over, it may include not only wool, but also inclusions of what the wool met in the stomach, for example, pieces of meat, bones or dry food.
If a hairball gets into the intestines, it will come out naturally without any unpleasant consequences or cause a number of dangerous conditions. It can be inflammation of the intestinal walls (up to the appearance of blood in the stool), as well as partial or complete blockage of the intestine.
The obvious signs of a bowel blockage are:
- the cat has decreased or disappeared appetite;
- the cat has stopped going to the toilet in a big way or walks a little and with difficulty;
- the cat has a hard, enlarged, painful belly;
- the cat is lethargic and lethargic.
It must be remembered that there may be no visible signs.
The blockage can be caused not only by the bezoar, but also by a swallowed foreign object. Therefore, in any case, the examination should be carried out by a veterinarian. over, such a condition causes not only discomfort, but can also lead to death.
Most likely, if the situation has not yet reached the point of no return, the doctor will prescribe medications that promote the movement of the hairball through the digestive tract. The most affordable means is petroleum jelly or a paste for removing wool. But it is impossible to prescribe them yourself when the problem already exists, since they can aggravate the condition. This decision is made only by the veterinarian after the examination.
How small a hole can a mouse get through? Experiments.
If the cat goes to the toilet after taking medications, that’s good. But, if she still does not go to the toilet, the lump is in place, and the gastrointestinal tract cannot function, either the removal of hair lumps during endoscopy (if the wool has passed close) is prescribed, or an abdominal operation, during which the surgeon takes out the bezoar from the intestines.
A cat with intestinal blockage will die in 2-7 days without the help of a veterinarian, so you can’t hesitate!
Seasonal shedding and normal hair loss
The Scots have a thick and beautiful coat. In spring or autumn, it can fall out due to changing climatic conditions. The period of seasonal molting in cats lasts 1-2 months. Cold weather or warming weather, change in the length of daylight. all this affects the condition of the hairline of cats.
When an animal constantly lives indoors and does not go outside, its body does not feel drastic changes, so the change of seasons is not so pronounced. In such cases, hair loss can occur year-round, slightly increasing or decreasing.
When molting is associated with the seasons, it does not cause thinning of the coat or areas of baldness. You don’t need to go anywhere, just take measures to clean, moisturize the apartment and remove hairballs from the animal’s body.
On sale on the Internet you can find such a device as an arch for combing wool. It is something like a curved brush that is placed on the floor on a special stand. An animal eager to scratch begins to rub against this arch, thereby putting itself in order.
But whether your cat wants to use such a device is purely individual. To attract an animal to the unit, it is recommended to use catnip.
However, in any case, the arch is only an additional, and not the main tool for combing cats. She cannot comb out efficiently.
Dropping a fur coat in pets can be natural or pathological. The process is independent of the shape of the ears. If the Scottish Fold cat sheds heavily, what to do for you. observation of the animal will tell you.
Reasons for heavy shedding out of season
It happens that the fur of the Scots is thinning regardless of the season. By the appearance of the cat, it becomes visible, there may be bald spots. The following factors appear to be the cause:
- Poor diet, which lacks vitamins or fatty acids.
- Change of children’s fur to an adult.
- Hormonal disbalance.
- Parasitic diseases, leukemia, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, etc.
Lack of certain substances is the most common reason for the molting of an animal. For the Scottish Fold (Scottish Fold) breed, the quality of the feed means more than for other cats. Due to the nature of the breed, calcium supplements are required. Lack of this element is the cause of increased hair loss.
Natural food for a Scottish cat is prepared individually. The food from the owner’s table is not suitable, because it contains salt, spices, etc. It must contain all the necessary micro and macro elements. In addition to the main food, you need to give supplements containing a complex of vitamins.
Lack of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids also leads to hair loss.
Choosing the right diet for cats on your own is difficult and leads to mistakes. Therefore, it is better to purchase ready-made feed. They contain all the necessary elements and do not require additional additives.
Allergies are another common cause of shedding. This condition may be associated with the use of new cosmetics, such as shampoo.
If your kitten is 4-5 months old, then the process of hair loss is a natural phenomenon. During this period, the pet’s fur coat is updated to the fur of an adult animal. more dense, coarse and clearly colored.
It happens that the cat receives all the necessary minerals and fatty acids, but they are not absorbed by the body. This is due to hormonal disruption. disruption of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, etc. It is necessary to check the work of the organs that produce hormones, especially if there are other signs of the disease. To do this, you need to contact a veterinary clinic.
Increased hair loss is also caused by stress. They can be a loss or change of owner, a fall from a height, a move, physical punishment, the appearance of another family member, and a lack of attention. Exotic cats are sensitive to environmental changes.
If there are severe changes in the hairline, partial baldness or other signs of the disease, you should contact your veterinarian. This is caused by worms and other parasites, numerous diseases.
Reducing stress levels
If the increased molting is associated with moving, repairing, the appearance of a new family member, the death of the owner, or simply the arrival of guests, there is a reason to suspect the fear, excitement, nervous overexcitation of the pet as its cause. These can be changes in behavior (the animal is hiding, does not eat, etc.) or in appearance (the pupils are dilated, the ears are pressed, the tail is trembling).
The manifestations of stress are individual, as is the cause of its occurrence. Someone may be intimidated by going to the vet or leaving the apartment. and someone is afraid to swim.
Weasel and attention of the owner, as well as medications, will help reduce fear and anxiety. Be sure to talk to your pet out loud. since he understands the intonation of the voice of the owner and his family members.
In no case should you scold and punish the animal at this moment. You can play with him, stroke him, give him a treat, let him lie down next to him or on his knees. When moving, the old things will help. bedding, a house, etc.
If stress cannot be reduced by psychological methods, your veterinarian will prescribe medication. You yourself should not give the cat products intended for people (for example, valerian).
Scottish Cat Brushes
Rubber brushes have a massage effect, but they do not comb through and separate hairs from each other very well. Although everything will depend on the length, diameter and distance between their bristles. It is desirable that the brushes have thin sparse bristles, because the coat of the Scots is very thick. But during molting, such devices turn out to be ineffective.
Scottish Cat Combs
A regular hairbrush is one of the best and cheapest solutions. It penetrates well between the hairs, combing them without problems. However, a comb-comb is completely useless during shedding, when the hairs need not only be separated to give them a well-groomed look, but also combed out, as well as massage to speed up the shedding process.
Comb for Scottish cats: photo
Is there a lot of wool from Scottish cats
Alopecia are psychogenic, or neurogenic, etiology by the mechanism of development is similar to hair loss in humans on a nervous basis. In the feline family, hair can climb due to the stress they have experienced. In these vulnerable animals, it can be caused by anything: a change of place of residence, separation from a beloved owner, the appearance of a new four-legged family member or child in the house, a visit to the veterinarian, quarrels of the owners, etc.
Hair loss may occur shortly after a strong shock to the nervous system. You can recognize the psychogenic nature of alopecia in a pet by the following symptoms:
- lethargy, apathy, lack of response to external stimuli;
- significant decrease in physical activity;
- loss of interest in food.
A survivor of a severe emotional distress animal may experience vomiting and diarrhea. There are cats that are more prone to this problem than other relatives: Siamese, Burmese, Anatolian, Abyssinian, Scottish Fold, Bengal, Bombay, American Shorthair, British, Russian blue. Persians, exotics, long-haired American bobtails, European short-haired, Maine Coons, Norwegian forest cats are resistant to neurogenic baldness.
What to do in such a situation? Treatment consists of removing the cause of the stress, after which the hair loss will stop of its own accord. In a number of situations, they resort to drug behavior correction.
Causes of abnormal hair loss, treatment of underlying conditions
To stop baldness, you need to find out why it has arisen. In some cases, it is enough to change the pet’s diet or just watch the animal, in others it may be necessary to use veterinary medications.
If the kitten’s fur is climbing, it is likely that he suffers from congenital hypotrichosis. Usually babies with this genetic abnormality are born completely bald. Some of them are born with a scanty coat, but during the first 4 months of life they are completely deprived of it. Over time, bald skin becomes coarse and does not react so sharply to unfavorable external factors. At the same time, sensitivity to temperature extremes remains.
On bald areas, pigmentation is usually disturbed, they are affected by seborrhea. This is an incurable disease. It does not affect the quality of life of the animal in any way. Such a cat just needs to be protected from hypothermia and excluded from breeding.
Lack of vitamins and minerals
The lack of vitamins, macro- and microelements negatively affects not only the appearance of the pet, but also the work of its internal organs. Inaccuracies in nutrition, bearing and feeding of young with breast milk can lead to a deficiency of necessary substances. This problem cannot be ignored. The situation can go so far that the animal will die due to severe depletion of the body.
Mites of different types
There is a misconception that ticks can only infect stray animals or pets that are outside. In fact, this can happen with cats that are not outside the home. To become infected with these parasites, the cat just needs to rub on the leg of the owner who has returned from a walk or sit for a while on the rug by the front door.
There are several types of ticks that parasitize the body of representatives of the feline family. Some parasites prefer to settle in the auricle, while others affect the skin around the eyes, head and neck. Their waste products lead to the poisoning of the entire body of the cat. Ignoring the symptoms of the disease is fraught with the death of a four-legged pet. Home treatment involves:
- bathing a cat with special shampoos (Doctor, Elite);
- treatment of damaged skin with Chlorhexidine;
- the use of veterinary drugs to combat parasites (Tsipam, Perol, Ivermek, Amit);
- the use of sulfuric or aversectin ointments;
- taking immunomodulatory agents (Gamavit, Immunol, Maxidin);
- destruction or decontamination of cat litter;
- home disinfection.
In severe cases, in addition to the listed drugs, four-legged patients are prescribed:
- a course of injections of the “Cydectin” solution;
- antibacterial agents (Betamax, Amoxicillin, Baytril);
- the drug “Ligfol” to restore immunity;
One of the most common causes of alopecia in felines is fungal infection. Animals with immune systems weakened by poor nutrition, recent illness or surgery are especially susceptible to attack by these pathogens. Against the background of pathology, the pet’s fur is shedding, bare areas of itchy, red and flaky skin appear. As the disease progresses, small bald areas increase in size, forming extensive foci of inflammation. Sometimes pus appears in places of skin lesions.
Feline ringworm is contagious to humans, so its symptoms cannot be ignored. To treat the disease, a four-legged patient is prescribed topical antimycotic drugs (Miconazole ointment). Also, the veterinarian may prescribe Griseofulvin or Itraconazole.
Causes and treatment of hair loss in cats and cats: why it falls out, what to do at home?
Some cat owners are faced with the problem of hair loss in their pets. When it drops out in small amounts, there is no cause for concern. If the animal loses too much of it, while bare skin appears on its body, we are already talking about pathological baldness. When should you sound the alarm? Why does my cat lose hair? What to do when your pet goes bald?
Due to improper feeding
Errors in a cat’s nutrition are primarily reflected in the condition of his coat. Against the background of a deficiency of vitamins, micro- and macroelements, it loses its shine, becomes thinner, becomes brittle. If you feed the animal incorrectly, after a short time it will begin to go bald. If you do not revise the diet of the four-legged pet in time, the situation will worsen and internal problems will join external problems.