How to remove a tick from a cat at home
The owner is obliged to take care of the health and comfort of the ward comprehensively, the mandatory list of things to do includes regular preventive treatment against blood-sucking parasites. However, processing is far from a guarantee of the absence of ticks, especially in the “hot season”. in autumn and spring. We will figure out how to remove a tick from a cat at home and in which cases it is better to consult a doctor.
How to find a tick in a cat
The parasite, although universal, is small and has a rather modest “arsenal”, given the thickness of the cat’s skin. Most often, insects are found in the ears, armpits, groin, abdomen. on delicate, thin skin. If you find a tick in a “standard” place, do not panic, the situation can be dealt with with folk remedies. It happens that the parasite gets under the eyelid, lip, into the anus or under the foreskin of males. you should not remove the tick yourself. see a doctor.
It is important to remove the parasite on its own, the animal, trying to get rid of the “enemy”, will itch, which can partially pluck the insect. The foreign protein remaining in the skin will begin to degrade, causing local inflammation. In nature, there are about 850 species of ticks, which are divided into 2 families: Ixodidae and Argasaceae. The difference in the rigidity of the outer shell of the body, on animals, are most often parasitized by hard ixodid ticks, argasids have a soft shell.
Otherwise, the structure of all parasites is the same:
- The body is round, drop-shaped, black, gray, brown.
- Sexually mature individuals have 4 pairs of paws, young ones. 3.
- There is a head at the pointed end of the body.
Correctly pulling out a tick from a cat means taking turns to remove the head and 8 paws from the skin. When you find a parasite, take a magnifying glass and examine it:
- Paws are visible above the skin, the body of the tick is round, black. the initial stage.
- The tick is black, looks like a drop, the paws are completely immersed in the skin, the head is visible. the parasite is fixed.
- The insect looks like a convex mole, paws and head are not visible. the tick has already been pumping blood, is on the cat for 4 to 8 hours. A well-fed tick weakens a little “grip”.
In the absence of experience, getting rid of a tick is quite difficult. If you are unsure of your abilities, vision, disdain or are afraid of insects, it is optimal to consult a doctor who will teach you the algorithm of actions by example.
How to remove a tick from a cat. step by step instructions
Consider the most difficult option. you have no experience, the mite has completely immersed the limbs and head in the skin and has not yet been satiated. at this stage the parasite holds on most tightly. In order to remove a tick from a cat at home, you will have to calm down and fix the animal, it is better to enlist the help of another person.
Ticks breathe through the body, so the best way to loosen the parasite’s grip is to cut off the oxygen supply:
- Wipe the skin with an antiseptic, remove interfering hair, if necessary, do not use brilliant green and iodine.
- Cover the tick with nail polish, oil, petroleum jelly, cream. any product that is taken with a film. Wait 10-15 minutes.
- If the situation is tense with improvised means. for example, you are helping a homeless animal. generously lubricate the skin with sunflower oil at intervals of 20-30 seconds.
You will need tweezers and a magnifying glass, when the parasite senses a lack of oxygen, it will partially pull the legs and head out of the animal’s skin.
- To remove the tick’s head from a cat, pry it up with tweezers from the bottom and gently pull up.
- Moving from the head, remove the paws alternately and in pairs.
- There is a chance that the tick will “stick to the body” even when all legs and head are removed. Re-coat the tick and wait 5-10 minutes, the parasite should pull its paws under itself.
- Make a noose loop out of the thread and tighten it under the belly of the tick, separating it from the animal’s skin.
- Re-treat your skin with an antiseptic.
How to properly remove a tick and its head?
The greatest activity of ticks is observed during the “spring-summer” period and persists until mid-autumn. Infected ticks are carriers of diseases dangerous to humans.
Having found a tick on a person’s body, you should immediately take the necessary measures to remove it, since even non-infectious individuals of the parasite can cause serious harm to health.
In a medical facility
If you are close to a healthcare facility, it may be wiser to have the tick removed by a specialist. Home methods are not always effective, and it is extremely undesirable to delay the removal of the parasite: the virus secreted by the insect enters the bloodstream gradually, and the sooner help is provided, the less infection the body will receive. The doctor will remove the tick competently and without prejudice to the patient’s health.
With a thread
You should take a thread about 20 cm long, fold it in half, pry it with a loop of a tick and, making swinging and unwinding movements counterclockwise, try to get the insect. To reduce pain before the procedure, you can lubricate the affected area of the skin with oil, and after removing the tick, it will be correct to treat the skin with iodine.
The right ways to get a tick
With any oil solution (be it vegetable oil, petroleum jelly or cream) we treat the affected area of the skin, including the insect itself. A minute later, with two fingers, we pry on the body of the tick, tilting it onto its back, and sharply pull it out.
You can get the tick with a cotton swab. Having saturated it with a fatty composition, we rotate around the attached tick until it separates from the skin on its own. This is due to the fact that the tick relaxes its proboscis for a while, as the airways are filled with a greasy solution.
It is important that the insect is completely removed, since it is often possible to stretch only its trunk, and the head remains in the wound, causing severe irritation on the skin.
How to get a tick’s head?
It so happens that only part of the tick can be removed, while the head of the arthropod remains deep on the skin. How to remove a tick in this case?
In order to get the head of the parasite, you need a needle or pin, previously calcined over a flame. It is necessary to remove the rest of the insect in the same way as an ordinary splinter.
Using a soap solution
A cotton swab must be moistened in a strong soapy solution and applied to the sucked tick. After a while, without squeezing the fleece from the parasite, start rotating the insect counterclockwise. With superficial skin lesions, the mite will quickly come out. In case the parasite dug deeply, the cotton swab will have to be held and rotated longer.
What to do with the extracted insect?
The extracted parasite should be destroyed: it is best to burn or crush by squeezing with paper or cloth, since the liquid contained in it, when crushed, can get into small cuts or scratches on the skin.
If the insect was removed alive, it should be placed in an airtight container and taken to a medical laboratory for analysis.
You can get rid of the parasite at home with tweezers. Before this procedure, the bite site should be treated twice: before removing the tick and after.
How not to remove a tick
On the above methods of extracting a tick that has eaten into the skin, the correct ones have exhausted themselves.
Contrary to common recipes, doctors do not recommend using soap suds, gasoline, alcohol and other exotic agents to pull out a bloodsucker. And that’s why.
- The bloodsucker dies from aggressive influences, and remains embedded in the human skin;
- But before dying, he often relaxes the proboscis, and the blood that he managed to pump, together with the saliva infected with possible infections, enters the blood stream of the victim.
And then the risk of contracting encephalitis or borreliosis increases manifold.
How to properly remove a sucked tick from a person
As soon as the sun warms up and the grass begins to turn green, people are massively drawn to nature. And here a person is in danger of becoming a victim of an attack by an ixodid tick. If such a situation has happened, and there is no medical institution nearby, then the rules on how to remove a tick from a person should help in hiking conditions.
Extraction with oil
A simple, but at the same time risky way, questionable from the point of view of medicine. It consists in the principle of blocking the access of air to the tick and depriving it of the opportunity to breathe, which supposedly forces it to leave the victim.
- The ingrained parasite is poured with sunflower oil or any other that has a liquid fraction;
- To prevent the oily liquid from spreading, it is better to put a ring on the bite area and pour oil into its circle;
- After a few minutes, the bloodsucker must crawl out on its own, after which it must either be saved for analysis or destroyed.
If the tick cannot be completely removed
Often, due to inexperience or because of panic, people pull out a tick, tearing off its protruding body from the head immersed in the thickness of the skin. What to do in such cases?
- The main thing is not to panic and calm down;
- Find a sewing or injection needle from a syringe, safety pin, or any piercing sharp object;
- Heat it on a flame;
- The place from which the bloodsucker was just pulled out, treat with any available antiseptic;
- Act as when removing a common splinter;
- After removing the remnants of the pest, again thoroughly treat the wound with an antiseptic;
The most risky method is to pull out the parasite with your hands, because there is a great danger of crushing or tearing the body of a bloodsucker, and then infection of a person, if this tick is a carrier of infection, becomes much more likely. But nevertheless, they resort to it most often forcedly, when there are no suitable tools with them.
- It is necessary to wrap your fingers around not the body itself, but the place of articulation with the head, which is already in the subcutaneous layer;
- You need to grab carefully, as close to the skin as possible;
- With a few rotational movements, as if a screw is unscrewing, you need to gradually remove the bloodsucker along with the head and proboscis so that there are no remnants of a spider under the skin;
- If there is a natural disgust for an insect, fingers can be wrapped with a handkerchief, gauze or bandage;
- After removing the sucked parasite, the affected area must be immediately treated with any available antiseptic.
Extraction with tweezers
This method is suitable in case of quick detection of the parasite, when its size is too small to be removed with fingers.
How to remove a tick with tweezers
It also has its own rules for deletion.
- With tweezers, similarly, you need to grab not by the body, but by the skin itself, and twist the whole tick completely with careful rotational movements.
- It is better to place the tweezers parallel to the skin, and not at an angle or perpendicular.
- It is not necessary to twitch and make sudden movements, and it is also unacceptable to squeeze the very little body of the bloodsucker. The probable rupture of the parasite promises subsequently formidable troubles. infection and suppuration of the bite site.
Note! Now in pharmacies for those who are planning outdoor activities, special curved tweezers are available for removing ixodid ticks. They allow you to easily and completely pull out an eaten bloodsucker from the skin.
How to remove a tick correctly
How to remove a tick
As soon as a bloodsucker is found, the best solution is to contact any medical institution, where a specialist who knows how to remove a tick will do it professionally and without consequences. They can also take the extracted parasite for analysis to determine if the victim has “rewarded” the infection.
But if there is no such opportunity for a tick bitten, then the insect will have to be removed on its own.
Removing a thread
This method is rightly considered questionable in terms of perfect results, since it requires skill and patience. Otherwise, there is a risk of separation of the little body from the head embedded in the skin.
How to remove a tick with a thread
- A strong thread or thin cord is taken;
- Around the bloodsucker, at the very site of the bite, a seizure is made with a thread;
- Then a loop is made;
- The sucked bloodsucker is gradually removed with shaking vibrating or twisting movements.
Features of removing a sucked tick
In order to understand how to correctly pull out a tick from a person, you need to have an idea of the structure of the parasite and the way it is introduced into the skin to saturate with blood.
The ixodid tick has a freely rotating head with a mouthpiece attached to the body. Once on the victim’s body, he can crawl over the body or clothing for a long time, up to an hour, choosing a place suitable for a calm and safe “meal”.
Such “favorite” places on the human body are places with the thinnest skin and closely located blood vessels.
- Popliteal hollows;
- Elbow cavities;
- Areas behind the ear;
- The temporal and occipital region;
- Hairy part of the head.
Having chosen a secluded place, the parasite attaches itself to it with suckers on its paws and gently and painlessly pierces its skin with its proboscis. Then he begins to twist the proboscis, plunging it into the thickness of the skin to reach the bloodstream.
As the blood becomes saturated, the body of the small spider swells, increasing up to 10 times. On this basis, you can determine how long the bloodsucker has been under the skin. for a long time or has just been introduced. In any case, it should be removed.
A common mistake of cat owners is to remove the tick with their bare hands. The use of gloves will help reduce the risk of damage to the pet’s skin, as well as protect the owner. If there is a suspicion that the bloodsucker is infected, after removal it must be put in a jar and delivered to the laboratory. According to statistics, every fifth tick carries a dangerous infection. At the same time, specialists need to carry only live insects.
Among the common mistakes are the use of lubricants, in particular oil. A common and erroneous opinion among pet owners: a tick greased with oil, kerosene or petroleum jelly will come out on its own. In this case, the bloodsucker suffocates and dies, and then its removal is even more difficult.
An equally important mistake is the sharp removal of the tick. No sudden movements can be made. It is necessary to smoothly pull the insect out of the cat’s body so as not to tear the body away from the head. The tick also should not be crushed under any circumstances. If the resulting liquid from the crushed insect enters the wound, infection can no longer be avoided. In order for the tick to die for sure, it is recommended to get rid of it by burning or pouring alcohol.
The appearance of the parasite
As practice shows, many are frightened by conversations and stories about tick bites, but not everyone knows what this insect looks like. Signs that distinguish ticks:
- Brown, gray or black body, shaped like a rounded drop;
- The number of legs depends on the maturity of the tick. in an adult, there are 4 pairs of legs, in a young. 3;
- The proboscis is located on the head;
- Sucking, the tick with its head and paws burrows into the skin, only the body is visible from the outside.
Due to the tiny size of the insect, it is extremely difficult to see it in the thick hair of a cat. However, its size will indicate how long the insect is on the body of an adult animal or kitten. Initially, it will look like a flat seed. As it feeds on blood, the insect will grow in volume and turn pink or red. It is much easier to see an already full tick. They often bite into the neck or head.
How to recognize and correctly remove a tick from a cat. How to pull out correctly
As soon as the owner finds a tick on his furry pet, you must immediately remove it. When self-removal at home, it is extremely important to observe the following rules:
- Before removing a tick from a cat, wear rubber gloves. this way you will protect yourself from infection;
- Fix the cat to prevent sudden movements during the removal process;
- Asking someone for help, extra hands will not hurt;
- Do not pull out the tick sharply, you need to get it out by twisting it clockwise;
- Before starting the procedure, treat instruments, hands and the bite site with an antiseptic.
There are two ways to properly and safely remove a tick from a cat’s body.
Using a thread, fingers or tweezers:
- With tweezers or hands, take the tick as close to the proboscis as possible.
- Unscrew slowly clockwise, you can also wiggle it from side to side.
- Get it out, make sure that the insect head does not remain under the skin of the animal.
- After removing the bloodsucker, treat the lesion with alcohol, iodine or brilliant green.
- Destroy the tick immediately.
With a syringe:
- Get a new syringe and a stationery knife.
- Cut off the part from the side of the needle with a knife.
- Press firmly to the bite site, gradually pump out air.
- Remove, destroy the tick and treat the bite site.
In the first 30 days after the bite, you need to carefully monitor the behavior and condition of your pet. Biting a tick injects hazardous substances into the animal’s body, which can cause severe allergies or serious illness. As soon as the cat’s behavior or health condition deteriorates, it should be shown to the veterinarian.
The reason for going to a specialist may be:
- Fading of the coat;
- Loss of appetite;
- Weight loss;
- Appearance changes, etc.
Sometimes it happens that only the body of the tick is removed, and its head remains under the skin. A close examination of the cat will show a black bump. Removing the head is many times easier than removing a whole bloodsucker. To do this, you need to take a sewing needle, treat it with alcohol or heat it over a fire. Next, pick out the remains of the tick as splinters are usually removed. Disinfect the bite site. Monitor the wound for one to two weeks. In case of inflammation or decay, the cat should be immediately taken to the veterinary clinic.
Small kittens and adult cats that walk freely in the country or on the street are at risk. Pets can be protected with products that are sold in veterinary pharmacies. These are collars, drops and sprays. Sprays are the safest remedy, but they work for a short period of time. Also, drops are often used that drip directly onto the animal’s fur. The substance is absorbed into the skin, so the cat will be protected for a period of 1–2 months. It should be noted that the composition of the drops is toxic and unhealthy for the pet.
Experts advise using a collar, which should only be worn while you are outdoors. Despite the variety of protective measures, only the care and attention of the owner can truly protect and save the animal.
A tick bite is a common occurrence for pets that move freely around the street. The owner of the cat must be aware of the appearance of the tick, its danger and habitat. Knowing what a threat it poses to a cat, it is necessary not to ignore preventive measures and regularly examine the animal.
How to remove a tick from a cat.
To remove a stuck tick, there are special tools that allow you to remove it without squeezing the body. This is important, because by crushing its body, you increase the likelihood of harmful bacteria present in the tick’s body entering the cat’s blood.
Tick removers come in varying degrees of sophistication, but in reality, they are usually “nailers” or handles with a loop at the end (lasso handle). If these tools are not available, you can use a string or thin line or fine-tipped tweezers to remove the tick. During the “operation”, be sure to use rubber gloves to avoid infection, which can be infected even through healthy skin.
Gently hook the tick to the head or jaw as close as possible to the spot where it has dug into the skin. Don’t grab the tick by the torso.
Resolutely and calmly, with effort, but not abruptly, without jerking, pull the tick out. Do not twist it while pulling it out.
Do not try to “drive out” the tick by lubricating the cat’s skin at the site of the bite with alcohol, oil, or other substances. It’s useless. over, these irritants can stimulate the tick to bring more saliva into the wound and, accordingly, more pathogenic bacteria.
After removing the tick, do not flush it down the toilet. He will stay alive. To destroy, place it in a jar of alcohol.
Clean the tick bite wound on the cat’s skin, treat with disinfectants. Apply a small amount of antibiotic ointment if possible. Remember to wash your hands thoroughly.
Never use your fingers to reach or crush the tick. A tick can be carriers of diseases that are dangerous not only for cats, but also for humans. The remains of a crushed tick can also be source of infection.
Immediately after removing a tick from the skin of a cat, inflammation is often observed at the site of the bite. A small amount of hydrocortisone spray helps soothe irritation, but it may take more than a week for complete healing.
Sometimes, a bite permanently leaves a scar on the skin and a bare patch in the cat’s fur. This damage to the cat’s skin causes irritation and destructive effects of the tick’s saliva. Don’t worry about the tick’s proboscis or head remaining in the skin. If everything is done carefully, the head is unlikely to come off, this rarely happens. In any case, the danger is not the remnants of the tick, but its saliva and the pathogens it carries.
Methods for removing ticks sent by site visitors.
If you have experience in removing ticks from cats. Send!
Here is an option sent by Zoya Mikhailovna (thanks for the advice! Site visitors have already sent messages about the successful experience of removing ticks this way).
To remove a tick, you need to take a piece of cotton wool, moisten it and lather well with any soap. Then put a fleece on the stuck tick, pressing it tightly to the skin. Rotate the wool in quick circular motions (clockwise, counterclockwise). If the tick does not bite deeply, a few rotations will be enough, if only the bottom peeps out, then you have to work hard for 30-60 seconds. The tick will remain on the fleece, and you just have to burn it. The method is painless, fast, effective, and most importantly. The tick comes out completely. I have been using this method for 10 years and not only me, but all family members and relatives. This is how you can remove ticks from animals and birds.
Site visitor Maya the Bee removed the tick with alcohol, she told about it this way:
A kitten, quite a toddler, apparently, when he ran across the lawn, he managed to catch an insect. I only noticed this when I was stroking the kitten. I felt something hard, removed the wool, and there. I immediately went to the Internet, found an article (on another site), then read your advice, eventually smeared the tick and the area around it with alcohol (twice), waited a little and let’s pull it out gently with tweezers. Unhooked completely, I didn’t even have to try, then I just processed the place and that’s it!
Cat bite with a tick. first aid and treatment
In the period from spring to autumn, in plantings, squares, parks, and just wherever there is vegetation, formidable small parasites appear. mites. They are dangerous because they endure very unpleasant, very difficult to treat diseases. You need to understand that a cat tick bite can be dangerous for infection with encephalitis and other diseases.
Types of ticks
Are ticks dangerous for cats? To one degree or another, each type of these parasites is dangerous, and there are several types of them.
- Ixodids. they get on the animal from the external environment, they usually live on plants, where they wait for a person or an animal to pass by. A pet can be bitten by a tick brought into the house by a person wearing clothes. Ixodid ticks carry various dangerous diseases, such as piroplasmosis, encephalitis, theileriosis and other infectious diseases. Ixodic is often also referred to as encephalitis if it carries the encephalitis virus.
- The subcutaneous tick in cats. demodex, is the causative agent of demodicosis, a skin disease. Subcutaneous mites cause baldness in the cat in places of infection, very much disturbing the pet with severe itching.
- Ear mite. localized in the ears and auditory canals. Symptoms of an ear mite in cats are easily recognizable: the animal constantly scratches the ear with its paw, tearing it to the blood, and exudate forms in the ear canal itself, which smells bad.
- Scabies. a rare subcutaneous parasite for cats, causes sarcoptic mange, in cats symptoms are manifested by loss of hair around the ears and on the forehead.
- Cheyletiella is a rare species of subcutaneous tick in cats. This parasite can be seen with the naked eye and causes hyletiliosis. It is usually localized on the body of the cat, forming scales and itchy wounds.
- Notoedres cati. are the causative agents of feline scabies, this species is called itching in the common people. Rarely affects cats.
- Lynxacarus radovskyi are also rare species. Cats manifest by dandruff, causing constant itching and hair loss.
Ixodid tick bite
Every cat owner understands that a tick bite for cats is not only the danger of a possible infection with a disease, but even a bite wound for a cat is fraught with suppuration. A person should know what to do to get rid of a tick from a cat as soon as possible.
If the cat goes out for a walk, then during the period of tick activity, it is necessary to examine the pet after each return from a walk. If a dangerous parasite is found, it is necessary to remove it from the body of a fluffy beauty as soon as possible. It would be nice to immediately seek help from a veterinary clinic, where specialists will be able to carry out this procedure quickly, as well as immediately investigate for the presence of infection, but this is not always possible. Therefore, most often the owners try to get the ticks on their own.
Removing a tick on a cat is not at all difficult, but it requires confidence in movements and some devices that can make it easier to pull out the bloodsucking, not allow any of its parts to remain inside.
Before pulling out a tick from a cat, the owner must prepare special or improvised means: oil, a special tool or something that can replace it (tweezers, strong thick thread or clamp), a disinfectant that is useful for treating the wound after a person will be able to remove the parasite. Before removing a tick from a cat, it is imperative to wear medical gloves to eliminate the risk of infection of the person himself.
Having dropped oil on the body of the parasite and on the skin of the cat around the bite, you need to wait a while for the insect to begin to weaken from the lack of oxygen, then it will be much easier to get it. After a few minutes, you can get rid of the bloodsucker by grabbing it with a device and starting to twist it slightly counterclockwise. It is necessary to twist gently, trying to move your hand smoothly, without jerking.
If there is no opportunity to investigate, then it is best to simply burn the parasite or pour it over with alcohol, and throw it out in a day. After the insect is destroyed, the wound is treated with iodine or alcohol. For prevention, you need to give the cat an injection of immunoglobulin in order to slightly support the pet’s immunity.
In case of deterioration of the animal’s condition, an urgent examination by a veterinarian is necessary, who must be sure to tell when the ticks appeared in the cat, in what area the fluffy was bitten, how the tick was removed on its own. The doctor will do the necessary studies of the animal, prescribe, if necessary, appropriate treatment.
To avoid the possibility of tick bites, it is best to take preventive measures. Today, there are various antiparasitic agents that prevent the parasite from sticking to the body of the animal: drops from ticks, special powders from ticks for cats, antiparasitic aerosols.
The situation when a subcutaneous tick appears in a cat is more complicated, since these parasites live under the pet’s skin, are not detected until the cat’s immune system weakens. Then the external signs of the disease appear: baldness, wounds, scaly skin exfoliation. Treatment of subcutaneous ticks in cats is complex and lengthy. Only a doctor can determine how to treat a subcutaneous tick in a cat, after the type of tick with which the animal is infected.
Infection can occur from animal to animal, or it can be brought into the house by a person on his hands or clothes. A kitten can become infected from a lactating cat, then both the mother and the entire litter of babies should be treated. Ticks in cats cause anxiety, animals lose their appetite, tear the lesions into the blood.
Treatment not started on time can lead to serious complications, can lead to the death of the cat.
It is worth recalling that the best that the owner can do for his four-legged girlfriend is to take the necessary preventive measures that can completely protect the kitty from parasite infection.
Ear mite in a cat
Otodectic mange or ear scabies is caused by the settlement of the microscopic mites Notoedres cati in the ear canal of a cat. The main symptoms of the disease: the animal feels discomfort, anxiety, shakes its head and scratches its ears.
When examining the ear canal, dried brown crusts are noticeable, which are the waste product of a large number of cat ear mites, and there is also a characteristic odor.
With the timely detection of the disease, the treatment of ticks in cats at home is as follows:
- Mechanical cleaning and removal of crusts from a pet’s ears using disinfectant solutions: Furacilin, Camphor alcohol, diluted hydrogen peroxide.
- Immunomodulatory drugs and vitamins.
- Instilling medicinal drops into the cat’s ear canal, followed by massaging to distribute them over the auricle: Tsipam (price 140-150 rubles), Otoferonol (90-110 rubles).
- Some veterinarians prescribe a one-time tick injection to a cat in the form of an injection of Ivermek (the price depends on the packaging of the medicine. from 90 rubles), which has an antihelminthic and arachno-entomocidal effect, causing a quick therapeutic effect, for cats, the dosage should be selected based on the weight: 0.1 ml for 5 kg.
- Skin treatment with Wilkinson’s ointment (price about 40 rubles) on an acaricidal basis.
Medicines for the treatment of ticks
The fight against ear mites is usually long and takes about a month, but even if the main symptoms go away, the procedures should be continued for another week.
For the entire period of treatment, to facilitate care and to prevent scratching of the ears, a special collar should be put on the cat, which will help speed up the healing process.
With an advanced disease, not only the ear concha and the eardrum, but also the meninges can be affected, otitis media with purulent discharge progresses, which will have a negative effect on hearing and can cause the death of the animal.
Traditional methods of treating ear mites in cats are used at the initial stage of the disease in the absence of severe scratching. To cleanse the ear canals, you can use herbal infusions according to the following recipes:
- Green tea tincture is prepared from 2 tsp. Large-leaf dry mass in a glass of boiling water, 2-3 drops are instilled after cooling. In both ears within 30-45 days;
- Almond oil. used after cleansing: drip and massage each ear;
- Ointment from 3 tbsp. L. Vegetable oil and ½ a clove of garlic are used to lubricate the cat’s ear canals every day, but on rare occasions this can cause allergies.
What to do after deletion
The chances of a pet being infected by a tick bite are much lower than in dogs. Symptoms of the onset of tick disease in cats can appear within 2-3 weeks, so it is necessary to closely monitor the pet and its condition during the incubation period.
Particular attention should be paid if ticks were found in a kitten, in which a strong negative reaction of the body is possible due to immature immunity.
Negative symptoms include: high body temperature in a cat or cat, apathy, loss of appetite, emaciation, diarrhea or vomiting, cough, shortness of breath, pink urine.
If signs indicating infection appear, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic, where, after the diagnosis and analysis, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment. Its effectiveness depends on early diagnosis, the severity of the disease, the condition of the cat’s body, the effectiveness of drugs.
Description of the parasite and its varieties
Ticks (Acari. lat.) Belong to the small arthropods of the subclass of arachnids. Their main diet: decaying organic matter, plant juices and small brethren. Habitat: grass, leaves of shrubs and trees, buds, skin of animals and birds, where they find food in the form of blood, lymph and epithelial particles.
Not all pet owners know that cats have ticks not only those that can cling to wool in the forest or outdoors, but also subcutaneous ticks that live in the upper layers of the epidermis or in the ear canal. Therefore, it is necessary to talk about all the diversity of species, of which there are more than 1000 in the world.
The most common types of ticks in cats and cats are:
- Ixodid or forest, which can be carriers of infectious diseases that are dangerous to both humans and animals;
- Subcutaneous or scabies, causing various diseases of the epidermis;
- Auriculars that settle in the ear canal of a cat or cat.
Ixodid tick: what it looks like and how to remove it
These parasites are most common in the warm season from spring to early autumn. The size of a forest tick is 3-4 mm, it looks like a small gray-brown spider, has a chitinous shell. When it gets on the wool, it does not immediately bite into the skin, but can crawl for 2-3 hours, choosing a suitable place for “lunch”. Therefore, a hungry gray or white tick can be seen between the hairs when it is in search and try to catch it.
After sucking and saturation with blood, the parasite sharply increases to 1.5 cm and acquires a red-brown or gray shade of the body, as can be seen in the photo of a tick in a cat.
Animals can easily “pick up” parasites while walking in the park, where there are various plants. Most often, “bloodsuckers” stick in those places that are inaccessible to the cat, which is why she cannot remove them on her own: on the neck, stomach, behind the ears, at the withers, in the groin and in the armpits.
Maximum activity of ixodid ticks: spring and autumn, it is during this period that they are hungry and angry.
The mouth apparatus of the tick contains a proboscis, with which it pierces the skin and firmly clings to it, injecting anesthetic saliva. The cat does not feel the moment of the bite, and only after a few hours, and sometimes days, it can be detected. The longer the parasite drinks blood, the more and the harder it is to remove.
The danger of ixodid tick bites for animals lies in their ability to carry severe viral infections that penetrate through saliva injected under the skin.
Dangerous infections and possible consequences:
- Piroplasmosis. causes a decrease in erythrocytes in the blood, which leads to intoxication of the sick pet’s body, which manifests itself in an increase in temperature, lethargy, refusal to eat, without timely treatment, a fatal outcome is possible.
- Hemobartonellosis is a form of infectious anemia that causes a chronic disease of internal organs.
- Theileriosis or hemosporidiosis. affects the circulatory system, provoking hemorrhage, which can lead to blockage of blood vessels and death of the pet.
- Tularemia. leads to damage to the lymph, intoxication and blood poisoning, possibly fatal.
- Also, ticks spread the eggs of worms, which enter the animal’s body through saliva.
Demodexes or hair mites live in small numbers in the upper layers of the skin and follicles at the base of the hair in areas of minimal pubescence: the head, paws, neck, and around the eyes. Parasites feed on dead particles of the epidermis and can exist for many years without causing any harm to the animal.
Initially, Demodexa was called an eyelash or eye mite, which parasitized livestock, and then passed on to pets and humans. This name was given for the fact that parasites infect not only the skin, but also settle on the eyelashes near the eyes.
Signs of the disease appear only during the period of decreased immunity in a pet in the form of the following symptoms:
- The animal is nervous because of severe itching, constantly tries to itch;
- In the affected areas, the coat becomes thin, baldness is possible;
- Scratches appear on the skin until blood, crusts, blisters with pus.
Diseases caused by subcutaneous ticks and their symptoms:
- Demodecosis. affects the upper layers of the skin, causing constant itching and allergic reactions, degeneration and scarring on the surface of the epidermis.
- Feline scabies or notoedrosis is manifested by the formation of sores on the skin and large fistulas that begin in the head area and then spread down the body, leading to severe itching and baldness. Clipping mites can be transmitted to humans and other animals.
- Heiletiellosis (walking dandruff). looks like profuse dandruff with a mass of microscopic mites, when moving which gives the impression of stirring (hence the name). Its signs are scaly nodules on the skin of the back, hair loss. The disease is contagious to humans.
- Sarcoptic mange or itchy scabies. manifests itself at first on the cat’s face, then affecting the whole body, is expressed in the formation of scabs and crusts, which is accompanied by intolerable itching. Sarcoptic mites in cats are intradermal parasites, infection occurs through objects and through contact with sick animals.
Having determined the presence of subcutaneous mites by characteristic symptoms, treatment is carried out only after the correct diagnosis and tests done in a veterinary clinic. Usually, scrapings of the affected epithelium are taken, allowing you to accurately establish the type of parasite.
Treatment depends on the severity of the disease: milder forms often self-cure by improving the pet’s immunity after establishing proper nutrition and caring for.
If the disease is started, then the following procedures are used to cure:
- Baths with keratological shampoos.
- They do a haircut in the damaged areas, and then they carry out treatment with acaricidal preparations: ointments and drops Fungin (solution cost 150-160 rubles, spray about 300 rubles), Iruksovetin (price 370-400 rubles), Safroderm, Amitrazin.
- Bacterial complications have to be treated with a course of antibiotics prescribed by the doctor.
- Vitamins and supplements: Ligfol. a drug for stimulating regenerative processes in the body of animals, improving immunity, accelerating wound healing (price per 100 ml about 1800 rubles).
- Ivermectin is given subcutaneously to treat fungal infections. The price of the medicine and its analogues depends on the volume of liquid for injection and ranges from 200 to 1500 rubles.
- It is imperative to treat all animals that have been in contact with the sick.
- Sick cat quarantine lasts 30 days.
- Disinfection of the room and care items is carried out using the disinfection of the room and care items using an acaricidal preparation (Delta Zone, etc.)
What to do if a cat has a tick
It is easiest to find a “bloodsucker” among the cat’s hair when the tick has stuck to the skin and has increased in size. It must then be removed as quickly as possible to try to avoid infection.
- The owner should wear rubber gloves to avoid direct contact, be sure to wash your hands after the procedure.
- Do not drip oil on the parasite, so as not to accelerate the spread of infection.
- It is necessary to remove the entire ixodic tick from the cat, for which they use special tweezers Tick Twister, which capture the parasite, and then twist it clockwise.
- Twisting thread may break or damage the tick.
- If the head of the parasite remains under the skin, then the wound must be treated with an antiseptic to avoid infection.
- If you suspect an infection: a tick, put in a glass container, can be taken to a laboratory or clinic for analysis for infection.
- To destroy the pulled out parasite, they put it in a jar of alcohol, and do not crush it, because they are very tenacious, and even after being flushed down the toilet they can survive, thanks to the “air bag”.
Tick infestation routes
Blood-sucking parasites live on the ground and in the grass, as well as on wild and domestic animals, so a cat can “catch” a tick in various ways:
- While walking outside, in a park or forest;
- When dealing with a sick animal;
- Through contaminated objects: dishes, rugs, etc.;
- From his own owner, who can bring the “bloodsucker” into the house on his clothes.
Even domestic cats that have never been outdoors can become infected with these parasites. Signs of a tick in a cat are manifested in a change in its behavior and general health, so the owner should periodically examine his pet for the presence of parasites among the wool, ears and other parts of the body.
The danger for an animal after an attack by “bloodsuckers” is that they not only cause trouble by clinging to the skin and sucking blood, but also often carry infections, causing serious illness in pets.
What to do and how to treat a tick in a cat or cat
Tick infestation is one of the most common parasitic diseases in felines. Therefore, every pet owner, when a tick is found in a cat or cat, should know all the nuances: what variety it belongs to, methods of removal, symptoms of probable infection and methods of treatment.
Prevention and protection of cats from ticks
It is almost impossible to completely protect a pet that regularly walks on the street. Vaccinations against parasites also do not exist, because they do not belong to microbes. The only measure remains the use of insect-acaricidal preparations for cats, which are added to sprays, drops, collars and shampoos for pets.
Fighting ticks in cats is necessary using various methods, trying to prevent their attack and reduce the risk of bites:
- To put on a walking cat a special collar against ticks and fleas, which repels parasites with a smell.
- The safest and most effective way is to use drops designed to kill ticks caught in the cat’s hair. They are sold in ampoules and applied to the skin and protect the cat for 1-3 months: Frontline, Advantix, Stronghold, etc.
Although such funds do not give a 100% guarantee, however, their use in cats and cats for the period from late spring to early autumn will avoid an attack of “bloodsuckers”, which means the probable infection of infectious diseases.