Colored spots are randomly scattered across the body and fins.
The lateral segments of the caudal fin are much shorter than the central ones, so the tail looks like a spear.
This type of cockerel has a tail and fins of a rounded simple shape, close to non-selective species.
Cockerel green, red, light blue, orange, blue, black, white, purple, etc.
By trade standards, fish breeders and breeders divide cockerels into several types:
The cockerel dragon stands out among other species with a strong large body, most often red, in various shades, and the scales have a metallic (silver, golden) sheen.
Betta colors can be modeled on your own if you breed different species wisely. So, the red cockerel, which looks very impressive, conveys the color to the offspring well, however, the gene responsible for the red color of the fish is resistant to mutations, and is able to manifest itself after several generations of fry, upsetting breeders by spoiling the hard-to-remove shade with a red spot in the most unexpected places.
The blue cockerel is very common, the fish of this color, when crossed, gives the offspring incredibly beautiful shades of blue, blue and even black.
A pure white cockerel is considered very rare: as a rule, individuals of this shade have problems with the immune system, and the fish does not live long. There are representatives of the transparent species (Cellophane / Pastel), a feature of which can be considered black eyes. But the black cockerel can have several color variations, which, by the way, serves as an external sign of females’ fertility: for example, Black Melano is sterile, and Black Lace and Super black are very fertile.
Bigmouth siamese cockerel
As is obvious from the name, it differs in the size of the mouth from its relatives and not in large fins in both females and males;
Opposite to the previous option, since the head is painted in a dark color, as if imitating a masquerade mask.
The most colorful representatives of Siamese cockerels have a bright multicolored color. Various combinations of red, blue, yellow, green and other colors of the Spectra rainbow in the form of spots, stripes or edging make it possible to obtain a decorative fish of a unique color.
The most variegated, multicolored color, reminiscent of a harlequin costume, is called marble. Such a fish will be noticeable in any situation.
It is difficult to describe all the possible color combinations present in the coloration of the cockerel, especially since breeders are constantly working on new color options.
Overview of breeds by color
But not only gorgeous tails and fins make the cockerel a decoration of the aquarium.
A wide variety of colors and their combinations. this is what makes the cockerel stand out against the background of other ornamental fish.
There are three color options:
- monochromatic, when the whole fish is the same color;
- two-colored, when the body of the fish is of one color, and the tail and fins are completely or partially of the other;
- multicolored individuals are painted in different colors with a transition from light to dark or vice versa.
There are also dragon fish with a more powerful body and colored scales of a silvery metallic shade, reminiscent of chain mail. Most often among dragons there are poster-type cockerels with contrasting edging of the tail and fins.
Two-colored fighting fish have a body that is uniformly colored in one color, and fins and tail in another. Fish can have different color combinations, for example, red with blue, blue with gold, or black with red splashes. There can be a great variety of options.
Cambodian males have a relatively faded body with a red or green fin system.
Fish species of cockerels
At the beginning of the 19th century, in Siam, residents found in the muddy waters of stagnant lakes a gray nondescript fish with small fins, which has a rather aggressive character towards individuals of its species. People were interested in the fighting qualities of small fish, and Pla Kat, or biting fish, began to be used for tournament fish fights. The most successful representatives of the fish were used to produce offspring.
In the process of selection, the first individuals with an elongated tail were obtained, which was interestingly revealed during the manifestation of aggression or mating games. Due to the fighting nature and beautiful tail, the fish were associated with domestic cockerels, so they began to be called. Siamese cockerel fish (by origin).
Today, connoisseurs of cockerels are not very interested in her fighting qualities, but they highly appreciate the chic appearance. Over the years, a nondescript fighting fish has become a desirable decoration for the aquarium, acquiring a rich tail and fins and a variety of colors.
Classification of fish by body size
In its natural environment, the cockerel has an olive with a grayish tint in color with longitudinal or transverse stripes and small rounded fins. The length of an adult fish is about 40-50 mm. Females are slightly smaller than males and are colored paler. Males grow up to 5 cm, females. no more than 4 cm.
Fish found in aquariums around the world are artificially obtained.
For more than 150 years, aquarists have been breeding the Siamese cockerel, having obtained more than 10 species of fish, differing in the size and shape of fins, in different color options, turning a nondescript individual into a true decoration of a home reservoir.
The fish iridescent in the light with all the colors of the rainbow leave no one indifferent.
Among monochromatic cockerels, there are individuals painted in white, blue, green, red, blue, purple, yellow and orange. You can find gold and black in colorful fish.
In addition to uniformly colored fish, there are single-colored individuals with translucent fins. This color is called “butterfly”.
Fish of the “mask” color can also be classified as one-color, in which the head has a darker shade in relation to the rest of the body.
Varieties of individuals according to the shape of fins
The special pride of the domesticated fighting fish is the shape and size of its fins, which the male fluffs up very beautifully, caring for the female or threatening potential invaders of the territory.
Professional aquarium fish breeders and breeders, creating a trade description, divide cockerels into species according to the shape of the tail and fins, distinguishing several groups.
- Crescent-tailed fighting fish or halfmoons. Halfmoons have a large, veiled tail, shaped like an open fan or crescent moon. When opened, the extreme rays of the caudal fin diverge by 180 °, forming a perfect semicircle. The rest of the fins are also longer and fuller than those of other cockerel species. When the halfmoon unfolds his fins at full strength, it is impossible not to admire the veil that surrounds him.
- Crown-tailed cockerels. The unique large, veiled tail, as well as the dorsal and anal fins of the crown-tailed fighting fish, with their shape dissected into separate rays, resemble a royal crown. There are three types of crown-tails, distinguished by the quality of the protruding rays. These are fish with a single ray, in which the shape of the open fins resembles a comb. There are fish with double beams. In such fish, the elongated rays of the tail are connected in pairs by a membrane, forming a multitude of “swallow tails”. The third type of crown-tails differs from other representatives by a tail consisting of paired elongated rays crossed at the ends.
- Veil-tailed or common bettas have long, veiled tails and fins. Veil-tails do not have such luxurious plumage compared to other species of cockerels, but Siamese cockerels are the ancestors of other species of Betta splendens. The reason for this was the fact that the first hybrids obtained from wild representatives were veiled-tailed fish.
- Round-tailed cockerels belong to the group of short-tailed fighting fish. The fan-shaped round tail and fins commensurate with it do not have much pomp, but this does not make them look worse than the rest.
- The flock Betta boasts a chic long tail and dorsal tail with anal fins, wide trains that develop behind its back.
- The poster or short-tailed cockerels have a short fan-tail and elongated fins. The anal fin has a pointed shape elongated towards the tail. This species is closest to the wild Betta in both appearance and character.
- Delta tails or delta cockerels in an excited state resemble the outline of a hang glider. They have a semicircular tail and a rounded dorsal fin of medium length; the anal fin is slightly longer and slightly elongated towards the tail. In addition to the delta, there is also a super-delta with an elongated tail and fins.
- Cockerel with the names Dumbo, foolish, eared Dumbo has unusual peri-tibial fins, shaped like an elephant’s ear. Most likely, this name was given to the fish in honor of the character of the Disney cartoon about the baby elephant Dumbo the idiot, who could fly with the help of his ears. Dumbo is a new direction in the development of the species with a bias to increase the lateral fins, the volume of which is several times the size of the head.
- A giant cockerel or giant differs from other representatives of its species by its truly royal size. An adult representative of short-tailed giants reaches a length of 75 mm by the age of 8 months and continues to grow up to a year. The fish continues to increase its body weight for some time after the cessation of growth. Among the royal cockerels, there are both short-tailed posters and crescent-tailed posters. Veil-tails and crown-tails are very rare.
Giant bettas are obtained by breeding green fighting fish, so the available colors for this species of fish are purple, blue, green, red with blue or green.
How to choose?
Males are relatively unpretentious fish, suitable for keeping in a small aquarium, they can be purchased even by beginners in aquaristics.
The unpretentiousness of the fish is expressed in the fact that it does not require additional aeration and filtration of water, having adapted to live in turbid and oxygen-poor water, using atmospheric air for breathing.
But no matter how unpretentious fish the cockerel is, for a comfortable stay he needs to have a house of sufficient volume:
- for an ordinary fighting fish, the living volume is calculated from 7 liters per individual;
- for giant cockerels, you already need about 10 liters of water per fish.
If the future owner is not going to breed cockerels, then it is better to keep only one cock in an aquarium with a volume of up to 25-30 liters.
This fish easily tolerates loneliness, while with other representatives of its species there can be fierce fights, ending with torn fins, torn tails and even the death of brawlers.
Particular attention should be paid to the neighbors of the fighting fish. Cockerels get along well next to small, peaceful species: zebrafish, neons, swordtails, tetras and catfish.
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Too small fish are not suitable for neighbors to the fighting fish, since the males will chase them, not allowing them to the feeder.
The bright colors of representatives of other breeds of ornamental fish will irritate the cockerels and lead to fights.
But you shouldn’t keep cockerels with Sumatran barbs, since these peaceful-looking fish love to tear out their chic fins with their veiled tails.
Cyprinids are not suitable neighbors for Betta splendens, as they have different water temperature requirements. Goldfish prefer cool water, while males need an ambient temperature close to 25 ° C.
It is easiest for bettas to get along with other fish in large aquariums and at the same time settling in a new place of residence of fish in infancy.
You can watch the video about the fighting fish “Siamese cockerel” below.
Guppy. and care
Guppy. blue neon
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Guppies are quite unpretentious, and rootless fish do not cause any difficulty at all. They are not demanding for the composition of water and quality of feed. But if you want to have thoroughbred males with large fins and tails, then the conditions for them should be ideal. The most suitable water for hardness. 6-10 °. The optimum temperature is 24 ° C, although the range in which these fish can live is quite large, 18-30 ° C. It is advisable to change a third of the water once a week to a settled one, of the same temperature. It is useful to add table salt at the rate of a teaspoon per 10 liters of water. Despite the fact that a pair of adult fish can live even in a three-liter jar, aquariums from 50 liters are used to keep elite guppy fish at the rate of 1 liter of water per male and 2 liters per female, in the presence of intensive aeration and water filtration.
Female guppy with painted tail and upper fin
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Male guppies can bully each other when fighting for a female, but usually such collisions do not lead to serious injuries. But when keeping with other species, there may be problems. These fish themselves are small and harmless. And therefore they can suffer from other, larger and nimble neighbors. This is especially true for males with huge tails. They can only be kept together with peaceful small species. Even with small barbs, there are already problems. Given the variety of shapes and colors of this common fish, it is best to keep it in a species aquarium.
Lighting is essential for the intense coloration of males. You need not only long-term additional lighting, but also the presence of natural sunlight in the morning or evening. These fish in a home aquarium evenly inhabit all layers of the water. Feeding guppies is easy enough. They are always hungry and ready to eat any kind of food. But if you use a variety of high-quality live food and specialized commercial ones, this will increase their growth rate and brightness of color. These fish do not live in aquariums for long, for several years. The pot life is highly temperature dependent. The higher the temperature of the content, the faster the metabolic processes go and the shorter the life of the fish. In the aquarium, there must be thickets of plants and free space for swimming. Plants serve as shelter for females from too annoying males. And in the case of breeding in a common aquarium. a refuge for fry. Guppies need plant feeding, so they gladly pluck algae plaque from plants and stones.
Guppy. reproduction and breeding
Female guppy before giving birth
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“Pregnancy” of females lasts 35-45 days, depending on the temperature of the water. The number of fry in females varies. It depends on her age, size and feeding. For the first time, females throw about a dozen fry, and the old ones go up to a hundred.
These fish are “bad” parents, they will readily eat their own young if they are hungry. Therefore, if you plan to get offspring, the female must be transplanted from a separate special vessel with a large number of small-leaved plants before giving birth.
A few days before giving birth, the female’s abdomen is greatly enlarged and takes on a square shape. Once the fry is swept out, it must be removed. In a well-balanced aquarium, many guppy fry survive unattended, hiding in dense vegetation, and as soon as they grow up, they will be safe, but due to the lack of food in the general aquarium, the fish will have small fins and a dull color.
Childbirth of a female guppy
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When used for breeding adult large males with large fins and tails, problems with fertilization may arise due to their slow movements. In this case, it is better to use young males, which are more nimble, or to plant the desired pair in a separate small aquarium. In a shared aquarium, young males always have a mating advantage.
For feeding guppy fry, you can use any feed of suitable size. Considering that fry are born large, there are no problems. To obtain high-quality specimens, the food should be varied, and in the rearing aquarium you need to keep clean and periodically change part of the water.
There is one difficulty in breeding these beautiful fish. As soon as the sex of the juveniles begins to be determined, the males must be transferred to another aquarium. It is necessary to track the forming males very carefully, since even one not accidentally noticed will be able to fertilize all the females. And with arbitrary crossing, it will not be possible to preserve the color line and the shape of the fins. For reproduction, select the best, in body shape and color, a couple or several fish, and keep them constantly in a small aquarium. As you can see, for breeding purebred guppies, you need to have several aquariums.
There is one more feature when growing guppy fry. Young fish grow long enough, but a young male, having reached puberty and colored, practically stops growing. The higher the water temperature, the faster the males mature. At 30 ° C, this takes three months, then the male almost stops growing and remains small. At 22 ° C, males mature much longer, but manage to grow larger.
Recently, messages about the aggressiveness of fish, which were always considered peaceful, have often appeared on the forums. They also write this about guppies. It is clear that such small fish will not dare to attack larger neighbors, but among themselves, in a flock, relations can heat up. In this case, it is worth paying attention to the conditions of their existence. Aggression can increase sharply with a high density of fish in the aquarium, low water quality and a large amount of organic compounds in it, diseases that cause pain in fish. Lack of oxygen and harmful chemicals in the water can provoke aggression. Therefore, the first thing to do in this case is to improve the living conditions of your pets.
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Guppies are ideal if your child asks for an aquarium. The small size of the fish will allow you to keep 5.7 pieces in a 15.30 liter aquarium mounted on a desk. With a low fish density and the presence of undemanding living plants, filtration and aeration of water can be abandoned. The main thing is not to forget, in this case, to make more frequent water changes and clean the soil.
Guppy. red flamingo
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Of course, additional lighting is needed, but a table lamp is quite suitable for it in the evening. You can feed with dry or industrial feed from a jar. Fish can easily endure a week’s hunger strike in your absence, and it is better not to ask to feed their neighbors, accidental overfeeding, out of the best intentions, can lead to water spoilage and fish death. As you can see, the time and finance costs in this case are not great.
Currently, guppy fish in nature are common in most warm-water freshwater bodies. They spread artificially, in order to combat the malaria mosquito, as they gladly eat their larvae. They originally existed in Brazil, Venezuela and Guiana. There are local populations even in Russia, in places where warm effluents are discharged. Apparently, they were started by aquarists who released fish there.
In aquariums, a huge number of guppies are bred, differing in color, shape of fins and tail. The source material was taken from various natural reservoirs. As a rule, therefore, it is almost impossible to systematize them. There are tons of tail fin variations: round tail fin, two swords, above and below, one sword, radish, lyre. The upper fin can be scarf, going down even to the caudal fin. Monochromatic colors are effective: completely black. black prince, red. albino red, malachite green. Moscow malachite, blue. Moscow blue. Beautiful marble guppies with tails painted in black and white or black and yellow small spots.
In different countries there are a huge number of guppy lovers’ associations who are fond of breeding these wonderful fish. The largest is the International Guppy Breeding Council, which unites 12 Western European countries. He has developed the most detailed selection standards and annually holds international competitions and exhibitions.
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A guppy species discovered by researcher John Endler in one of the bodies of water in Venezuela. As it turned out later, this small nimble fish lives in only a few places in this country and is not found in the wild anywhere else in the world.
Externally and in structure, the Endler guppy is very similar to ordinary guppies. Only she is slightly smaller and does not have such a chic tail. These varieties easily interbreed with each other, with the smaller and nimble Endler males having a clear advantage. This suggests that we are dealing with a local branch of a guppy that developed in isolation and unfavorable conditions of existence reduced the size of the animals.
As already mentioned above, the Endler guppy is about one centimeter smaller than its larger counterpart and does not have a veiled tail. Their conditions of detention are approximately the same, and given their small size, it is possible to further reduce the size of the reservoir. For feeding, you need to use small feed so that the fish do not choke. Cyclops, microworms, and small daphnia will do. It is better to grind industrial feed additionally. It is advisable to feed your pets with plant foods.
The reproduction of these fish is no different from ordinary guppies. They throw only fry more often and less, adult females usually no more than several dozen. Feeding juveniles does not cause problems. To preserve the purity of Endler’s lineage, pets must be kept separately or with spawning fish, with which they cannot interbreed. In addition, the neighbors must be very small and peaceful.
Cockerel (fighting fish, Betta)
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A cockerel fish or a fighting fish, the name Betta is widespread abroad. a small beautiful aquarium fish, in nature common in the slow-flowing and stagnant reservoirs of Southeast Asia. The only drawback is that males are extremely aggressive towards each other. They grow up to 5 centimeters in length, and females are one centimeter smaller. In nature, a rooster fish has a light olive or grayish color. On the body, along or across, there are darkish stripes. The color depends on the state of the fish and becomes brighter when two males reproduce and collide. The original shape has rather short, rounded fins.
To breathe, this fish needs atmospheric air, since in nature it lives in dirty water, poor in oxygen and has adapted to use atmospheric oxygen, due to a special labyrinth organ. Artificially, when breeding in aquariums, almost any color options, monochromatic and variegated forms were obtained. The size of the fins is significantly increased. Despite its long history of keeping in aquariums, the cockerel is still a very popular fish.
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The cockerel fish is quite simple to keep. One copy can even be kept in a three-liter jar. But with a joint m of males or when kept together with other fish, problems arise. The male is very aggressive. Even before the appearance of this fish in Europe, in South Asia they were used for fighting, betting on a particular male. True, in most cases, such a fight was not brought to death. It all ended in dangling fins. During the battle, the color of the males became bright and they looked like small lightning bolts. Now such fights are prohibited.
Two males can only be kept in a large aquarium, preferably extended in length, where they can divide the territory. Another option is to divide the aquarium with glasses into several parts and contain one male in each part. Replacing part of the water in the aquarium with fresh water or the appearance of a female can cause a surge of aggression.
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The cockerel fish cannot be kept with other aquarium fish, if they have veil fins, the cockerels will certainly cut them off. A little larger, nimble, with short fins are optimal for joint keeping. These can be, for example, barbs, zebrafish, etc. The joint cultivation of fish also has a beneficial effect, but in this case they cannot be planted even for a short time. To keep a large number of males, you have to make special jugs with holes and place them in a common aquarium.
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Cockerel. tropical fish, the temperature in the aquarium must be maintained at 24-28C. The composition of the water is not essential. There should be open areas on the surface of the water, not occupied by floating vegetation, since the males need access to atmospheric air. Aeration of the water for the cockerels is not necessary, but it will not interfere with the general aquarium. Filtering, I believe, is needed in any case. Desirable natural sunlight for the aquarium at least a few hours a day.
The cockerel is not picky about food, eats both live and frozen food, will eat industrial and dry food. But the favorite food is bloodworms. The behavior of a male cockerel is quite interesting if he sees himself in the mirror. Taking him for a rival, he becomes enraged, opens the gill covers, puffs up all the fins and tries to attack his own reflection. True, it will not be possible to deceive him for a long time, after a while the male realizes that he is being bullied and stops responding to the mirror. In aquariums, bettas prey on small snails, while large snails can have their whiskers cut off.
Male cock building a nest
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It is not difficult to distinguish between male and female in males. Females are slightly smaller, not so brightly colored, have shorter fins. In the area of the anal fin, there is a white speck that looks like an egg.
These fish ripen quickly. already at the age of 3-4 months they become sexually mature. For breeding, it is better to take a young couple at the age of 6-8 months. If a male has participated in breeding several times, then his fins noticeably increase. A female that has not spawned for a long time may have problems with reproduction, since the eggs regenerate over time and the genital opening is blocked. These fish do not live long, usually no more than 3 years, and at an “advanced” age it is better not to use them for reproduction.
Although a pair of cockerels can build a nest and lay eggs in a common aquarium, if offspring are planned, a separate spawning aquarium should be used. A small, low container of 4-5 liters with a column of water 10-15 centimeters high will do. No soil needed. But more plants need to be placed, especially with a small spawning aquarium. The female needs somewhere to hide from the male, and plants can be useful for him when building a nest.
Couple at the nest
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The temperature in the spawning tank should be high. 28-30C. The water is fresh. this provokes spawning. Before spawning, producers need to be fed a variety of live foods. Aeration is not needed in the spawning aquarium, it interferes with the construction of the nest, and bright light is also not needed. The male is put in the spawning ground first and he begins to build a nest from air bubbles that do not burst due to his saliva. The female is usually planted in a day.
Spawning, when breeding males, usually occurs after a few days. If spawning is delayed by a week, you should try changing the female. If the male is extremely aggressive, then the male will have to be changed. Fresh water can be added to stimulate spawning.
During spawning, the male clamps the female between the head and tail, squeezing out several eggs. At the same time, he fertilizes the eggs. Without letting the eggs fall to the bottom, the male cockerel picks it up and puts it in the nest. After spawning, the female is removed. This must be done immediately, since the male can be extremely aggressive.
The male remains in the spawning ground and looks after eggs and larvae. He removes the dead eggs, completes the nest, returns the fallen larvae and eggs. The number of eggs per spawning 200-400 pieces.
The larvae emerge from the eggs within 24 hours. one and a half. After another 4-6 days, they turn into fry and begin to swim. At this point, the male must be removed, otherwise he may transmit the spreading fry, trying to return them to the nests. If necessary, in a spawning aquarium, it should be fed with a well-washed bloodworm.
The labyrinth organ in cockerel fry appears in the return of several months. Therefore, in a spawning or rearing aquarium, you need to install aeration and, as a last resort, reduce the water level.
In the early days, the fry should be fed with “live dust” or ciliates, in extreme cases with egg yolk from steep chicken eggs. The latter is much worse. When they grow up a little. freshly hatched brine shrimp larvae. In the future, the size of the feed is selected depending on the size of the fry. If necessary, you can use a chopped tubifex or commercial feed for fry.
Cockerel: An aggressive pet for ultimate fighting. Fish that you need to keep alone in a separate aquarium
The East has always been famous for its martial arts. Whether it’s Japanese karate, Chinese wushu, or the secret techniques of Buddhist monks. But among the warriors-people, a small warrior in a colorful robe, an underwater master, filled with rage. a cock-fish or a fighting fish, was lost!
Its history began in Southeast Asia. For a long time, our hero was a nondescript fish from muddy lakes. Embittered and furious, he fought with his brothers for food, land and the heart of females.
No, this is not a passionate kiss. So males sort things out with each other, grabbing each other for all sorts of parts of the body.
His warlike spirit did not go unnoticed. people, noticing the makings of a champion in the fish, made them fight for the amusement of the crowd. So the proud fighter became a gladiator: glass cells became his home, protein granules. food. For the absurd character, our hero got his name.
However, in terms of the variegated color, the specific name of the fish is also very suitable.
After hundreds and thousands of battles, the cockerel became famous. The warrior exchanged his low-key robes for bright outfits, and long fans of fins and a tail became his adornment. Yellow, blue, black. what kind of cockerels you will not meet today!
In my humble opinion, cockerels are some of the most beautiful aquarium fish.!
Like any celebrity, male cockerels are surrounded by female fans. Females scurry around him in a flock, and he fiercely protects his ladies from rivals and suitors. Sometimes fish that are not involved in battles fall under the hot fin, because indoor fighters are kept in separate aquariums.
Unlike males, females do not look as bright.
Despite their flashy outfits and harsh temper, cockerels are great parents. Like their feathered namesakes, the fishes build a nest for their kids, but not from poop and sticks, but from bubbles and saliva. Until the babies hatch, the warrior will be away from fights for a while. he will take care of the clutch: return the fallen eggs to their place, protect the nest and maintain order in the house, cleaning it from dirt. But the cockerel is a strict parent: as soon as the fry are born, he leaves his children, for the warrior must know his own way.
Alas, the glory of the gladiator has died away, the cockerel now hardly fights. Only in the east, he still fights in fierce duels, and the world knows him as a bright pet decorating another aquarium.
Good fish, but growing in round jars is not good for them. Mine was hit on both hemispheres when I was taken home. He also very cool dives into the shelter and sits with his nose out of there.
He lives with me) On the past, DR was presented with an aquarium a year ago. A good fish, unpretentious, swims out to say hello, swells at his wife, not at me))
Wipe the glass in the aquarium, he can’t see a damn thing
Cockerels cannot be called unpretentious fish, they require care and often get sick. From stress, from bad water, from poor quality feed. from anything. I have treated mine five times in his entire life. In the end, he was killed by a fungus that was not noticeable until it was too late. he settled under the gill covers. And especially when he was constipated. he lost control of his swim bladder and was pulled to the bottom. I had to put it in a shallow cuvette, because. and it was necessary to write about it in the article! unlike most fish, males breathe air through a labyrinth apparatus, and they need to rise to the surface of the water to swallow air. That is a problem for a fish that goes to the bottom like an ax. And to cope with constipation, you had to feed him peas.
Second, males cannot be lodged with females. they fight. I didn’t know that when I bought a pair. As a result, I have two aquariums. The female, on the very first day, piled on the male, and peeled off his entire tail. It was then that he fell ill for the first time, and I learned all the delights of his treatment. By the way, their tail grows back again, and there is no need to be afraid that it will remain scanty for life.
Fish-cockerels: care and
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly vibrant and exotic fish. Aquarists love them very much not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care. This article contains information regarding the peculiarities of keeping and breeding cockerels in an aquarium.
Description and varieties
The cockerel fish (fighting fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belongs to the macropod family. It is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air to breathe.
The body shape of the cockerels is oval, it is flattened from the sides and elongated in length. The sizes of the fish are mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are about 4 cm.However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length. The caudal and upper fins are rounded, the pectorals are pointed. Males have longer fins than females.
The cockerels have a very interesting and varied color. They can be one-, two- or multi-colored. All colors of the rainbow, as well as their shades, can be present in the coloring. Males are colored brighter than females.
Betta fish have a lifespan of approximately three years.
To date, breeders have bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them have a bright unusual color. There are several classifications of species.
Depending on fin shape and size:
The question of compatibility is individual, and it all depends on the temperament of the fish. Male cockerels do not get along with each other, and females can have a hard time. If she does not suit the male, he can easily beat her, and on the contrary, some females pose a danger to unwanted gentlemen. The thing is that in nature these fish come into contact only during spawning, and most breeders agree that until the male builds a nest, the female has nothing to do next to him.
All fish can be divided into several groups according to their coexistence with cockerels:
- Swordsmen, pliers, mollies, peaceful catfish, thorns, rasbora, gourami grumbled, minors, etc; get along well;
- fights with tails cut off can occur if they are neons, guppies, cardinals, barbs, spotted gourami, marble and pearl, labeo, etc.;
- Astronotuses, piranhas, parrots, lineatuses, tetraodons, akars, etc. absolutely do not get along.
Cockerels can be kept in both small (10-15 l) and large aquariums. One individual requires 3-4 liters of water. If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided by partitions into several parts. In this case, several males can be kept in one container at the same time without prejudice to their health.
The baffles are made of transparent, non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. It is better to plant tall plants next to them to block the view of the fish and reduce unwanted meetings.
The optimum water temperature is 24-28 ° C, however, lowering it to 18 ° C, males tolerate quite well. It should be remembered that prolonged stay in a too cold aquarium is fraught with illness for them. Control is carried out by means of a thermometer.
Cockerels are undemanding to the quality and composition of water. Nevertheless, it is better to adhere to such a framework: hardness 4-15, acidity 6.0-7.5.
To prevent disease and reduce stress, it is recommended to use table salt (half a teaspoon for three liters of water).
A prerequisite is regular water changes. In large aquariums, it is carried out every two weeks, and in small aquariums, once every three days. It is imperative to remove all feed residues from the bottom.
Decorations and lighting
Cockerels love to swim between various obstacles, so shelters made of stones, driftwood, grottoes, etc. will be quite appropriate. The main thing is that all decorations should be free of sharp edges and environmentally friendly.
Do not set up the aquarium in direct sunlight.
Southeast Asia is considered the birthplace of the cocktail fish. Its main habitats are warm fresh, slow-flowing or stagnant bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish occurs in history in the 1800s. At that time, the inhabitants of Siam (now Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and began to breed a special breed for fights with cash rates.
Cockerels were introduced to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. They came to the USA in 1910, where Frank Locke developed a new color version of the cockerels. In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S. Melnikov and dated to 1896.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used for fights with money stakes. Fights did not lead to the death of fish, as a rule, the case ended with frayed tails. Now such fights are prohibited.
- The male cockerel can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with his own reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: the gills and the labyrinth organ.
- Males show sympathy for the opposite sex very interestingly: the female “fidgets” back and forth, and the male protrudes his gills and fins and wriggles all over.