home Article To what size does a red-eared turtle grow?

To what size does a red-eared turtle grow?


The decorative red-eared turtle came to us from the northeastern part of Mexico and the southern states of the United States. Thanks to its unpretentiousness, the habitat of red-eared turtles has expanded quite significantly. It can be found today in Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia.

The turtle got its name from two red (sometimes orange or yellow) spots behind the eyes. Turtles grow relatively small. up to 30 cm in diameter, but giants can also be found. up to 60 cm. In the first 2 years of life, the turtle grows intensively. up to 10 cm per year! With age, growth slows down, and the animal’s shell adds 1-2 cm per year.

The lower part of the carapace is dark with yellow stripes and edging, while the color of the upper part changes with age and can be in various shades of green. from dark green to olive and even yellow-brown.

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How to feed a decorative red-eared turtle? In order for the turtle to actively grow and be healthy, it needs to eat well. At a young age, turtles prefer animal food, with age they begin to eat more and more plant foods.

  • Poultry, beef, horse meat (pork and lamb are not suitable because of their fat content).
  • By-products (liver, heart, lungs, stomach, etc.).
  • Lean fish (kept in hot water for a few minutes) or small live fish, shrimp, squid.
  • Snail meat.
  • Insects. Not poisonous! Grasshoppers, caterpillars, beetles, mealworm, bloodworm, koretra, large daphnia.
  • Live or dried hamarus.
  • Aquatic plants. duckweed, hornwort, ceratopteris, ludwigia.
  • Vegetables and herbs. cucumber, lettuce, clover, dandelion.

Self-made food

You can make a combination feed yourself. Its composition can vary in different recommendations, but usually it is something like this:

  • Food gelatin (30 g per half glass of water).
  • Fish fillet. 150 g.
  • Squid fillet. 100 g.
  • Milk. 150 ml.
  • Raw chicken egg. 2 pcs.
  • Carrot. 70 g.
  • Apple. 50 g.
  • Cabbage. 50 g.
  • Calcium glycerophosphate. 10 tablets.
  • “Tetravit”. 20 drops.

The mixture can be stored in the refrigerator for a week. Before use, the cut piece must be warmed to room temperature. The specified amount is enough for 7-10 days for an adult turtle. Bone meal or crushed eggshells should be given daily as source of calcium.

If you choose a ready-made commercial food for turtles, then carefully read its composition. Forages containing only dried hamarus or bloodworms will not work.

They feed the turtles in the water. The food remaining 20-30 minutes after the meal should be removed from the terrarium.


Turtles are often recommended as a simple animal for beginners, and they are inexpensive. 100-150 rubles. But is the red-eared decorative turtle so unpretentious? Home care will require both labor and material costs, because the purchase of the necessary equipment will have to pay 10-20 thousand rubles.

The decorative red-eared turtle can be kept either singly or in a group. It should be noted that to keep one individual, an aquaterrarium with a volume of at least 110 liters is needed. If you decide to purchase multiple turtles, they should be about the same age and size. In a group consisting of some males, conflicts will constantly arise, so pay attention to the gender of the animals in advance.

How Big Red Eared Sliders Actually Get

The water in the aquarium should be warm, 26-28 ° C. The water level in height must exceed the width of the animal’s shell, otherwise the turtle will not be able to roll over. You need to change the water 1-2 times a week, if you buy a filter, then you can do this less often. 1-2 times a month. An aquarium heater is required to maintain the temperature.

The land area in the aquaterrarium should be at least 25% of the total area. The coast of the island should rise at an inclination from the very bottom. The land should be located so that even a grown turtle cannot get out into the wild. at least 25 cm from the top edge of the terrarium.

Lighting in the aquaterrarium

The decorative red-eared turtle in nature spends a lot of time on the shore, under the rays of the sun. They are replaced in captivity by a UV lamp. It is installed at a height of about half a meter above the aquaterarium. The first time the lamp is turned on 1-2 times a week for a few minutes, gradually bringing the time to half an hour daily. UV rays disinfect the tortoise shell, without a special lamp, the animal starts to get sick.

The terrarium should also be equipped with a conventional incandescent lamp for lighting and heating. The air temperature on the island should not rise above 30 ° С.

Decorative red-eared turtle: care features

The ornamental red-eared turtle is one of the most popular domestic freshwater reptiles. In this article, you will learn what equipment is needed to keep turtles, how to care for them, how to feed them, and much more.

Are red-eared turtles decorative?

To answer this question, let’s look at what the word “decorative” generally means when applied to pets. The decorative animal does not perform any useful actions, it is turned on only for the purpose of observation and communication. Decorative animal does not guard the house, does not catch mice.

Let’s take a rabbit as an example. There is a wild rabbit, there is a domestic rabbit that is used for food, and there is a decorative rabbit. for keeping in an apartment as a pet. The word “decorative” is often associated with dwarfism (as many small breed dogs are called decorative), but this attribute is optional. Thus, to the question of whether it is possible to call a red-eared turtle intended for keeping in an apartment decorative, we will answer in the affirmative.

To what size does a red-eared turtle grow?

How a red-eared turtle sheds and why it happens?

Many reptile owners are often unaware of such a phenomenon as the molting of red-eared turtles. Yes, the red-eared turtle sheds, and it does so quite often. In order to help your pet to properly shed the layers of shell and skin, you need to be able to ease the shedding period and properly care for your pet.

If you didn’t know that reptiles can molt, you are probably wondering how a red-eared turtle molts. This process occurs during the active growth of the body, when the pet is young enough. The fact is that the upper layers of the skin and shell simply do not have time to grow after the body itself, as a result of which their exfoliation occurs. You do not need to be afraid of this, molting does not pose any danger either to you or to the turtle. This is a natural process provided by nature. However, it should be remembered that your pet needs extra attention from you during the molting period.
In the early stages of development, the layers of skin and the upper layers of the shell are exfoliated by a coherent film that can float on the surface of the aquarium for quite a long time. As they grow older, the amount of dead tissue decreases, and during the last molting of the reptile, only some areas of the skin and small particles of the shell peel off. If you notice that a red-eared turtle is molting, do not worry about its health. when the animal grows up, this process will stop.

Young red-eared turtles molt quite often. They may have two molts in a month. As a rule, frequent peeling of the skin and upper layers of the shell indicates the active growth of the pet. The total length of molt can reach several years. until the final maturation of the pet.

How to care for your tortoise during molting?

If you notice that a red-eared turtle is molting, take steps to provide it with suitable conditions right away. You don’t need to change your pet’s daily routine. pay attention to the diet. As a rule, during the period of active growth, reptiles need a large amount of calcium and various vitamins. To replenish the body with calcium, you can give the turtle fish fry or small crustaceans. You can also use special vitamin complexes that are designed specifically for young individuals.

Pay attention to how dirty your pet’s tank is. If you understood how a red-eared turtle sheds, you should have noticed that many dead layers of skin and shell remain in the water during the molting period. Consequently, the water will become polluted faster. Dead particles must not be allowed to rot. You just need to change the water more often so that it always stays clean.

In addition, some owners are trying to help the turtle get rid of dead tissue. This can be done only in extreme cases, when you see that the layers of the skin do not fall off for a long time and cause inconvenience to the pet. You can use a toothbrush, with gentle movements, to help your pet get rid of dead tissue. If you do not pay attention to the remaining pieces of skin for a long time, the animal can get sick or scratch its skin in an attempt to get rid of the shedding part of the body.

When a red-eared turtle sheds, many reptile owners get terrified and take the animal to the veterinarian. Many diseases of red-eared turtles are similar in symptomatology to the molting process. For example, a fungus causes peeling of the skin, rickets in turtles can cause curvature of the shell or detachment of its parts, and a lack of vitamins leads to exfoliation.

In order to completely eliminate the likelihood of a disease in your pet, a visit to the veterinarian is necessary. Only a specialist will be able to properly examine the reptile and give valuable advice on caring for it. If you do not have the opportunity to visit a specialist, you can get rid of suspicions on your own. If you notice that a red-eared turtle is molting, take a close look at the animal. If you have not identified other deviations from the normal state of the pet, and he is active and cheerful, you do not need to worry. Remember only one thing. molting is permissible when the body of the turtle develops, that is, during its growing up.

If your red-eared turtle is molting, you can rejoice! This only means that your pet is developing, growing. Soon, instead of a small turtle, there will be a full-fledged reptile in your apartment, delighting you with his fun games!

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Reproduction of red-eared turtles

Red-eared turtle in the terrarium
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Young red-eared turtles are almost the same regardless of gender. Determining the sex of animals becomes possible when they become adults. Already at the age of more than one year, turtles begin to show sexual differences. The sex of the red-eared turtle is easier to determine when compared to other individuals. Females usually grow much larger than males. Although, with a difference in the age of animals, this feature cannot be used. Males have longer claws on their front legs than females. They serve for mating dance and help to keep on the female during mating. The tail of the male is thicker and longer than that of the female. The lower part of the body is flat in females, and concave in males. The spots on the turtle’s head are larger and brighter in males. In nature, turtles reach sexual maturity by the age of 5-6 years, in captivity this happens somewhat earlier.

The courtship period for red-eared turtles occurs between March and July, and in captivity conditions can occur at any time of the year. The male swims in front of the female, tail first, and gently touches her muzzle with its claws, as if trying to stroke it. If the female is ready for breeding, then she accepts courtship, otherwise the female drives the male away. In some cases, it comes down to a scuffle. Young turtles can also perform a mating dance, but they are not capable of breeding before they reach reproductive age.

Turtle Size Chart | Red Eared Slider Size | Turtle Shell Colour Change | Turtles Size

After successful mating, the female spends more time in the sun. She may change her eating habits, the amount of food eaten will change, it is possible to refuse some types of habitual food. This is a normal reaction, it is worth trying to feed her with other foods and adjust the amount of food.

Pregnancy lasts on average about two months, if the female cannot find a suitable place for laying, this period can be increased. During the last two weeks, the female spends a lot of time on land, sniffing and digging the ground. Having chosen a place, the turtle abundantly wets the ground from the anal bladders and digs the nest with its hind legs. A female red-eared turtle can lay from 1 to 22 eggs, on average 5-10. She has no instinct to take care of her offspring. After laying eggs, the female leaves the nest.

The incubation period lasts 100-150 days. Incubation time and sex of young turtles depends on the incubation temperature of the eggs. Females are born at temperatures above 29 ° C, only males are born below 27 ° C. To pierce the shell of a turtle’s egg, an egg tooth is used, which falls off an hour after birth. After leaving the egg, a small sac is present on the belly of the newborn; it contains the remnants of food from the incubation period. Soon it will disappear, and the small wound that remains in its place will safely overgrow.

red eared turtles

Tortoise of Trust
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red-eared turtles are often more difficult than first thought. The turtles spend most of their time in the water, despite this they definitely need land.

An adult turtle needs an aquaterrarium with a volume of 100-150 liters, it is desirable that land occupies about 25% of its area. If possible, soil or crushed stone is poured on the shore. A gentle ascent with a rough, but not scratching surface is arranged on land. The water level should be greater than the width of the shell, so that being on its back, for any reason, the turtle can roll over and not drown.

The temperature of the water in the aquarium should not be dropped below 20 ° C, the normal temperature is 24-30 ° C (to maintain the temperature, it is desirable to install a heater). Change the water in the aquarium as needed, 1.2 times a week. The water filter allows you to do this much less frequently. However, a complete water change should be done at least once a month. It is advisable to install an incandescent lamp above the island in the aquarium. Turtles love to bask on land. Also, for the normal maintenance of a red-eared turtle, source of dosed ultraviolet radiation is required.

Red-eared turtle in natural environment
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In captivity, the diet of red-eared turtles includes small crustaceans such as gammarus or shrimp. Small aquarium or river snails, small or sliced ​​fish, meat cut into small strips, liver, small frogs, tadpoles, various insects and their larvae, earthworms, bloodworms, tubifex are also suitable.

Do not forget that the diet of red-eared turtles should include foods rich in calcium: fish heads, bone meal, chalk, eggshells, etc. The diet of adult turtles includes additional plant foods. Pets eat well dandelion leaves, cabbage, lettuce, spinach, plantain. Duckweed, elodea, spirogyra, seaweed, anacharis, aquatic watercress, edogonium, etc. are well eaten from algae. Young red-eared turtles are fed 2 times a day. Later, they are transferred to a one-time meal. Turtles over 2 years old should be fed no more than 2 or 3 times a week.

Red-eared turtle

Red-eared turtle
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The turtle is medium in size. The length of the shell is from 18 to 30 cm, depending on the sex of the turtle and the subspecies. Males are noticeably smaller than females. In young animals, the shell is bright green, with age it becomes olive or yellow-brown, decorated with patterns of yellow stripes. On the head, neck and limbs, the turtle is decorated with a pattern of white and green wavy stripes and spots. The turtle got its name from two elongated bright red spots next to the eyes. This spot can be orange, bright yellow in the subspecies Cumberland tortoise, or the Trust tortoise, or yellow, in the subspecies yellow-bellied tortoise. The bottom of the carapace is oval, usually of a dark color with yellow lines and yellow edging along the edge.

The red-eared turtle can be considered a long-liver. Under favorable conditions, she may well live 30.40 years. At the same time, the turtle has a fairly high level of intelligence, which is many times superior to the mind of many reptiles. She is able to perceive sounds at very low frequencies. For example, a red-eared turtle senses ground vibrations, the approach of a person or an animal at the level of 1000-3000 hertz. At the same time, representatives of this species are endowed with very sharp eyesight. So in search of food, they first pay attention to the color of the object, and only then to the smell and taste. In addition, the females are very fertile, and the little turtles born are very hardy and grow quickly. The size of a newborn baby is about 3 cm, in adults it is 10 times larger. over, females are much larger than males. During the year, the carapace grows by 1 cm, such a fast process is facilitated by food with a high m of protein. But the turtles kept at home are smaller than their free relatives by 15-20 cm and do not feel discomfort due to the cramped dwelling.

Young green turtles
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The red-eared turtle is widespread in nature. Its range covers the United States from the south of Virginia to the north of Florida and Kansas, Oklahoma and New Mexico in the west, Mexico, all of Central America, northwest of South America (northern Colombia and Venezuela). The species was introduced to the south of Florida, Arizona, Guadeloupe, Israel, South Africa and some European countries. In particular, to Spain, Great Britain. The red-eared turtle entered Australia, where it is officially recognized as a pest displacing the local endemic fauna.

In nature, it lives in shallow lakes, ponds and other bodies of water with low, swampy shores. Leads a relatively sedentary lifestyle. Extremely curious. If the turtle is full, it crawls ashore and bask in the sun. If hungry, then slowly swims in search of food. At water temperatures below 18 ° C, the turtle becomes lethargic, it loses its appetite. The turtle is able to notice danger at a distance of 30-40 m, after which it slides into the water with lightning speed, for which it received the name “Slider”.

The turtle’s vocal cords are not developed. He only knows how to hiss and snort with excitement. The red-eared turtle has well-developed eyesight and sense of smell. In contrast to sight, hearing is poorly developed. However, red-eared turtles are very good at orienting themselves by hearing and hiding in the water at any rustle. She not only hisses, but also emits a sound like a short squeak.

Young yellow-bellied slider
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The red-eared turtle, contrary to popular opinion, is very mobile and fast. With these qualities, she could well compete with some species of fish, and it is not a fact that she would come to the finish line second. This representative does not lose her agility on land. Here she is as fast as in the water, able to bypass obstacles in her path and hide from her pursuers.

The red-eared turtle has no teeth, but thanks to the remarkable strength of the jaw muscles, it can crush a rather strong object. When threatened by other inhabitants of flora and fauna, the individual immediately throws its head forward and bites its offender. Adults of this species can cause serious injury while protecting their lives. At the same time, the red-eared beauty knows how to scratch, her nails are strong and very sharp, which she also often uses for self-defense. People should beware of the hind legs of this creature, because the turtle will try to push off from their hands. Therefore, experts do not recommend pulling the red-eared turtle out of the water for children. This should be done by adults: very carefully and without squeezing the shell, while keeping it at a decent distance from the face and areas with open skin.

Diseases and treatment of red-eared turtles

The birth of the turtle
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The most common disease in red-eared turtles. pneumonia. Experts do not recommend keeping these exotic pets outside the aquarium. The owners of the turtle sometimes let it go for a walk around the apartment, thinking that it will be useful for the pet. In fact, it can be very dangerous, because the reptile can get into a draft and catch a cold. This also applies to the location of the terrarium, try to put it only in a place protected from wind and drafts.

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If you notice that the animal is lethargic, eats poorly or has completely refused food, most likely it is sick with pneumonia. In an aquarium, a reptile swims only on the surface, it simply cannot dive. Your pet is probably overcooled. There are two ways to treat it.

Aquaterrarium for turtles
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The traditional drug method involves a course of intramuscular injections. Keep in mind that treating a red-eared turtle should only be done under the supervision of a veterinarian. Self-medication can cost your pet life. And do not forget about the important point: when you calculate the amount of medicine for the weight of the turtle, you need to subtract the weight of the shell. To do this, it is enough to divide the total weight in half.

Some turtle owners are afraid to use drugs and resort to traditional medicine. One of the methods is based on steam baths. You need to prepare a decoction of chamomile. Next, you should slightly warm the broth and hold the turtle for some time over the steam. Monitor the steam temperature. he should not burn his hand. Now we are preparing a warm bath. In a ratio of 1: 3, we dilute a decoction of chamomile in water, the temperature should be about 30 ° C. The turtle should take therapeutic baths for about an hour.

Turtle masonry
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Diseases of the eyes of red-eared turtles. Observe the animal constantly. Examine your eyes. If you notice swelling of the eyelids, excessive discharge from the eyes, a purple color of the mucous membrane, be sure to go to a specialist. For the treatment of eye diseases in red-eared turtles, they must be kept on land. It is necessary to treat the affected mucosa with a veterinary agent. These can be antibiotics or sulfonamides. Take a clean bath at a temperature of 28 ° C once a day for several hours. The water must be absolutely clean. Treatment is carried out until the veterinarian confirms recovery.

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To treat this disease of red-eared turtles, raw fish, preferably with small bones, should be present in the diet daily. Include calcium and vitamin supplements in your diet. Turtle shell diseases are dangerous and their treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist. It is especially necessary to react quickly if the animal has a detachment of the horny plates from the shell. With active growth, this phenomenon is permissible, but with age it can only occur with the wrong maintenance of the reptile. Disease prevention and treatment for red-eared turtles means careful care. This also applies to the diet. Perhaps such a violation is a consequence of drying out. Fungus or blue-green algae can provoke detachment.

And at the end, in a condensed form, we present all the rules that must be followed when keeping red-eared turtles.

When keeping red-eared turtles, you must not:
keep in close quarters;
keep the turtle in an aquarium without sushi; the turtle is capable of drowning, despite the fact that it is aquatic;
keep the turtle unheated;
feed the turtles only raw meat;
feed the turtles only plant food;
if the turtle does not receive food rich in calcium, it is imperative to provide mineral feeding;
add oily vitamins to the feed “by eye”;
keep turtles in dirty water, especially if a film forms on the surface;
to clean the turtle with coarse brushes and even more to remove the horny shields if it is overgrown with algae;
keep several males in one aquarium and plant new animals without prior quarantine;
use only smooth materials (glass, plastic) for the construction of the gangway and the island;
wash the aquarium in the kitchen and use dishes for turtles in which food for humans is prepared.
irregularly clean the aquaterrarium;
hibernation for turtles is optional;

When keeping red-eared turtles, you need:
strict adherence to personal hygiene after contact with a turtle and cleaning the terrarium;
it is better to transport the turtle in a linen bag in the bosom.

red-eared turtles with other animals

Small turtles can be kept even with small fish. But when the reptiles grow up, they can easily eat your favorite fish, for example, guppies. Therefore, for adult animals, you need to select neighbors who can fend for themselves: cichlids, large barbs, catfish or koi.

Red-eared turtles do well with loneliness, but red-eared or other non-aggressive turtles of the same size will be the best company for them. Unsuitable company for turtles. toads, newts, lizards and snakes. Mollusks will live in the same pond with turtles for a short time.

Red-eared turtle

The red-eared turtle (Latin Trachemys scripta) belongs to the freshwater family Emydidae. Representatives of this species can live in any weak-flowing water bodies, tolerate relatively low temperatures and are unpretentious to food. These features allowed turtles to settle far beyond their natural habitat. in the southeastern United States. Such turtles can be found in South Africa, Europe, North America, Asia.

Often, red-eared turtles drive out their native relatives. Small turtles are born with a shell length of about 3 cm, they have a very bright and beautiful color. The first year and a half is the so-called stage of initial growth, when individuals grow up to 7.5 cm. Then growth rates decrease, annually the turtle grows on average by 1-1.5 cm per year. In adulthood, its dimensions reach 20-28 centimeters. Some species of red-eared turtles grow up to 60 cm. Their shells are green, olive or olive-green, in each of the sectors you can see a bright yellow stripe, the same stripes can be seen on the turtle’s head. As an individual grows up, its shell becomes darker, green shades may disappear altogether.

The shape of the carapace is close to oval; the scutes are well fitted to each other. Legs with large claws, small membranes between the toes, the tail when swimming is a kind of counterweight and an additional steering wheel when turning. The tails of males are often longer than those of females, although adult females boast more impressive dimensions and powerful jaws. Turtles can mate several times during the year, in one clutch there are 6-10 eggs. Females reach maturity in captivity by 5-6 years, males. by 4 years. There are 12 subspecies of red-eared turtles, in some the reddish spot is very prominent, in others it is a barely noticeable strip.

History of the species Red-eared turtles

The first mentions of red-eared turtles date back to the 16th century, information about them is found in the notes of the Spanish colonialists who explored Peru. It is difficult to say why the turtle was called the red-eared. neither she nor other representatives of this species have what people call ears. In reptiles, the hearing organs are represented by the eardrum, which is located on the head, they hear well low sounds with a frequency of up to 3000 hertz.

The first description of the red-eared turtle was made more than 300 years ago, however, in those years it was attributed to the genus Testudo. After that, scientists did everything to confuse amphibian lovers. Over the centuries, they were counted among more than 10 subspecies, only in 1986 did the red-eared turtle become a full-fledged representative of the genus Trachemys. As a result of crossing, 12 subspecies of different sizes and colors were bred.

Today the red-eared turtle is one of the most popular inhabitants of the home terrarium. In European countries, promotions are regularly held that urge fans not to purchase these turtles, because their population is rapidly declining. Switzerland even has a special center where you can bring a grown turtle.

and caring for red-eared turtles

Despite the fact that red-eared turtles are unpretentious, they need good maintenance and care. Although representatives of the order of amphibians spend most of their time in the water, turtles cannot do without land, they can simply drown. Therefore, it is necessary to construct an aquaterrarium, divided into two zones: land and water. You cannot keep the animal on the floor, the turtle can eat small objects or get sick from a draft.

For an adult red-eared turtle, you need to choose an aquarium with a volume of 100-150 liters. Dry land should be at least 25% of the total area. It is advisable to build a bank with a gradual slope; earth or gravel can be poured on land, provided that the soil does not come into contact with the aquatic environment. The water level should be no less than the width of the turtle’s shell. so that the pet can roll over if for any reason it is on its back. Turtles feed in water, so it needs to be changed frequently. Tap water is not dangerous, but it is still advisable to defend it, it is unacceptable to keep reptiles in dirty water, especially if the surface is covered with a characteristic film. Filamentous algae, duckweed and other small plants are allowed in the aquarium where the Trachemys species lives. (more. Arrangement of a terrarium for a red-eared turtle)

The water temperature should be 20-25 degrees, on average it needs to be changed 1-2 times a week. It is worth installing a lamp over a dry island. turtles love to bask on land. The island must be 20-25 centimeters lower than the edge of the aquarium, otherwise the animal can get out and run away. It is advisable to install additional sources of daylight, regular dosed ultraviolet irradiation is especially necessary for small turtles.

Most of the food that turtles consume. bloodworms, meat, squid, only make up for the lack of protein. For your pet to get enough calcium, it needs to be fed with aquarium snails or small lean fish along with bones. You can feed the turtles frozen fish of the perch family. Fatty types of fish. Baltic herring, sprat or capelin before giving to the turtle, should be immersed in water for 1-2 minutes at a temperature of 80 degrees. Fatty meat is the worst digested, so it is better to feed the turtles raw liver, squid or shrimp meat as additives. For young turtles, bloodworms, a carriage or a tubifex are suitable, gradually the diet can be expanded.

You can also prepare a mixture based on gelatin, it includes: 150 ml of water, 30 g of gelatin, 10 tablets of calcium glycerophosphate, 150 ml of milk, 2 raw eggs, vitamins, 100 g of squid fillets, 145 g of fish fillets, 70 g of carrots, 50 g cabbage, 50 g apple.

First, fill the gelatin with warm water, and then completely dissolve in a steam bath. Solid feed is crushed in a blender or meat grinder, poured with milk and beaten eggs, mixed, then added to seven vitamins and crushed calcium, stored in the refrigerator. Before feeding, the mixture is cut into cubes and warmed to room temperature. For adult turtles, the diet is made taking into account plant feed, they can be given duckweed, lettuce, young cabbage, elodea, pond algae. Small turtles are fed every day (up to 2 years), adults 2-3 times a week.

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Interesting facts about red-eared turtles

Turtles live on earth for almost 200 million years, they appeared long before birds, crocodiles, mammals and even dinosaurs;
In Russia, freshwater turtles with a characteristic red speck on their head are called red-eared, and in Germany, red-cheeked;
Red-eared turtles, like most representatives of this species, are long-livers, in captivity they can live for 30 years;
Red-eared turtles have a well-developed sense of smell, sight and touch, and the shell contains a large number of nerve endings.

You can buy red-eared turtles in a specialized nursery. The price of red-eared turtles can be found on the bulletin board.

How to care for a red-eared turtle

The novice breeder should know how to properly care for their pet. red-eared turtle requires high-quality regular care, a proper diet. Indoor red-eared turtle should not be disturbed often, especially small pets that have recently appeared in the terrarium. New individuals need time to adapt without the risk of stressful situations. To care for reptiles, it is recommended to carry out frequent cleaning, monitoring the purity of the water, bathing procedures, the habitat must be equipped with everything necessary. This little knowledge about care and maintenance will be enough for the longevity and health of a red-eared pet.

Do you need neighbors

The reptile is not the owner of a friendly disposition. Often, turtles kept at home in the same container arrange fights, especially this behavior is observed in adulthood. It is recommended that representatives of the same species be kept separately from each other. If there is no possibility of settling pets in different terrariums, the space can be divided using partitions.

Recommendations for breeding reptiles in the same terrarium:

  • the size of the individuals must be the same;
  • there should not be more than one male in a group;
  • individuals must be of the same age.

Frogs, toads, lizards and snakes and other similar individuals are perceived by turtles exclusively as food.

Aquarium water

The quality of care and the main condition for keeping a turtle is the condition of the water inside the aquarium. It is important to keep the fluid clean and at the correct temperature. Pets spend most of their lives in the aquatic environment, therefore, it should be replaced, filtered carefully in order to prevent the occurrence of diseases.

It is important for red-eared turtles to have free access to the shore, on a land plot it can rest and warm up, this requirement applies to all individuals.

The water for the aquarium should be settled, free of chlorine. The temperature should range from 22 to 28 degrees. If the water drops below 20 degrees, it should be heated with a heater, for accurate measurement, a thermometer must be used.

It is important to change the water once a week, no more than 1/3 of the water. It is forbidden to replace the water completely, as the internal biological balance of the terrarium will be disturbed, which is favorable for life.

Heater and filter

To properly keep pets at home, it is important to satisfy their natural need to bask on land. The shell should be heated to 35 degrees, for this it is necessary to install a lamp with an individual. It is important to monitor the temperature on the thermometer. Do not place the heat source too close so that the pet does not burn. The lamp must be hidden from splashing water and vapors. The heat source must work during the entire light period every day.

When choosing a filter, you should take into account all the features of the internal and external cleaning elements. The filter is selected taking into account the volume of the terrarium. External elements require less maintenance, are safer for the reptile, since the pet’s internal filter can be removed and damaged.

Important to know before buying

It is not difficult to care for a red-eared turtle at home, it is enough to follow the rules and create appropriate conditions for keeping a red-eared reptile. The yellow-bellied turtle is good for beginners.

In winter, the turtle does not hibernate. A red-eared reptile spends a large period of time in water, so you should carefully monitor its purity, maintain the required temperature.

It is important to consider that pets are very active, they can be aggressive.

When buying small red-eared turtles in the size of 2 centimeters, it must be remembered that the size of red-eared individuals can reach the palm of a person, so the aquarium for them should be of the appropriate volume.

Sellers often deceive buyers and misinterpret the turtle’s field, so be sure to check this before buying.

Aquarium turtles in an artificial environment can live on average 30 years. This feature of the red-eared individual obliges the breeder to take the purchase seriously.

Living in nature

Historical habitat. Central America and the USA, due to which the red-eared turtle is called American.

The red-eared turtle has a long life span in nature. It is important to know that aquatic red-eared reptiles living in river conditions need land no less than other land turtles, starting a red-eared house, you should create high-quality conditions for it, similar to living in nature. A small and large red-eared turtle lives not only in water, but also on land, where it must be necessarily warm.

Distinctive features of the red-eared turtle

A distinctive feature of the American individual is the red stripe. The young individual has a brighter stripe than the adult red-eared turtle. The shell is smooth and rounded. The shell color of the turtle is green with black and yellow lines. The older the freshwater individual, the darker it is.

The length of the shell is not an indicator of age, since the red-eared reptile grows rather quickly under domestic conditions. The sizes achieved depend on the environmental conditions, the quality of care and the health of the pet. The temperature of the water in the terrarium depends on the age and season. The highest temperature should be in summer and autumn. For young representatives, the water should always be warm.

For little representatives, the basis of nutrition is a completely plant-based diet. Upon reaching the size of 10 centimeters, animal food is proportionally added to the diet. In old age, the diet of an individual again becomes predominantly of plant origin. Read more about how to feed a red-eared turtle in a separate article.

Selection and arrangement of housing

Red-eared pets require a large terrarium or aquarium (at least 150 liters in volume). The height should be greater than the width of the carapace of an adult representative, since it needs to roll over freely. For a small individual, a small vessel can be used, within 50 liters. To keep a pet, water must be poured so that it can stand on its hind legs and stick out its muzzle.

If you plan to use wooden snags, then they must be kept in boiling water for some time. All plastic products must be of high quality and non-toxic. All elements of the interior space of the turtle’s dwelling, such as substrate, island and other decorative elements should be regularly washed under water from a tap.

Inside the terrarium, an island of land should be established, on which the reptile can freely climb. Incandescent bulbs 40 and 60 W should be located no higher than 25 centimeters, if the location is lower, then the light will interfere with the reptiles, falling into the eyes.

Care and hygiene

It is recommended to arrange water treatments for pets at least once a week. Water turtles need more frequent bathing or bathing containers in their terrarium. Bathing water should be warm, but not more than 32 degrees, boiled if possible. The fluid level is necessary for a comfortable stay with the head retracted.

Heater and filter

To properly keep pets at home, it is important to satisfy their natural need to bask on land. The shell should be heated to 35 degrees, for this it is necessary to install a lamp with an individual. It is important to monitor the temperature on the thermometer. Do not place the heat source too close so that the pet does not burn. The lamp must be hidden from splashing water and vapors. The heat source must work during the entire light period every day.

When choosing a filter, you should take into account all the features of internal and external cleaning elements. The filter is selected taking into account the volume of the terrarium. External elements require less maintenance, are safer for the reptile, since the pet’s internal filter can be removed and damaged.

Necessary items and tools

To ensure good life, the red-eared turtle must receive not only high-quality care, but also have all the necessary items in the arrangement of its home.

Bathing turtle

During the first bath, you should carefully follow the procedure in order to prevent the animal from being frightened. If the reptile does not feel well in the water and refuses to swim, it is recommended to limit yourself to spraying the shell and skin. If the bathing container is freely accessible inside the terrarium, the liquid must be changed every day.

Recommendations for breeding reptiles in the same terrarium:

the size of the individuals must be the same;
there should not be more than one male in a group;
individuals must be of the same age.

Frogs, toads, lizards and snakes and other similar individuals are perceived by turtles exclusively as food.

Features of handling a pet

Red-eared turtles must not be released onto the floor. They can bite, hiss and show aggression, you should handle it carefully, picking it up, it is recommended to hold the reptile with both hands, the shell can be quite slippery. After contact with pets, hands must be washed with soap, a large number of pathogenic bacteria accumulate on the shell.

Living in their natural environment, turtles independently extract all the vitamins and minerals necessary for health. In a home environment, the owner needs to independently add important elements to the feed.

Turtle island

It is important for red-eared turtles to have free access to the shore, on a land plot it will be able to rest and warm up, this requirement applies to all individuals.

The water for the aquarium should be settled, free of chlorine. The temperature should range from 22 to 28 degrees. If the water drops below 20 degrees, it should be heated with a heater, for accurate measurement, a thermometer must be used.

It is important to change the water once a week, no more than 1/3 of the water. It is forbidden to replace the water completely, as the internal biological balance of the terrarium will be disturbed, which is favorable for life.