Stages of development
It is very important for any dog owner to know the correct growth rate and duration of the pet’s growth, as well as how the proportions change in each separate time period.
Up to what age is a dog considered a puppy? These are the main stages in the development of dogs:
- Embryonic (while the embryo is in the womb);
- Sucking (begins immediately after birth and lasts about 30-45 days);
- Puppies (from one and a half months to six months);
- Young growth (from six months to a year);
- Juveniles (from one year to two and a half years).
At this time, the greatest acceleration of growth occurs. For example, the weight of an embryo on the fortieth day of a mother’s pregnancy can be about several grams, while a puppy appears already weighing more than 300g. Up to 600g. In total, we have an increase in weight literally hundreds of times.
After birth, in a month, the cub increases its weight by about five to six times.
At this age, the puppy already has all the typical features of its breed, appearance, proportionality of the skull, ears, coat color, as well as bright constitutional features inherent in the breed.
Males and females also differ in appearance. When the puppy reaches one month old, the baby is weaned from mother’s milk.
After three months, the growth rate slows down, although it remains at a fairly high level. And upon reaching the age of 6 months, the pet can no longer be considered a puppy, but transferred to the conditional category of “young”.
Time to grow up. how old do dogs grow, how much to consider a pet as a puppy?
Immediately after birth, the most important period in the life of a puppy begins. increased growth of the body. This is not only weight gain, but the overall development of all organs. When this period ends?
How old do Chihuahuas, Shepherds and other breeds grow? about this and much more in a detailed review below.
End of growth depending on the breed
How long do dogs grow? When evaluating the development and growth rate of a puppy, it is imperative to take into account the breed and constitution.
How old do toy terriers grow? Small breed dogs develop much faster, while large dogs stop growing later.
Here are some typical examples.
How old do small breed dogs grow? They develop rapidly and complete their growth in about six to nine months. How old do Yorkies, Chihuahuas, and toy terriers grow up to? Yorkshire Terrier and Chihuahua grow up to about eight months, and then only “get stronger”. For a toy terrier (correctly. Russian toy), growth ends earlier. already at 6 months.
How old do large breed dogs grow? Their development takes longer, up to about eight to ten months. For example, in a representative of the wonderful husky breed, the active growth phase ends at nine months. How old do dogs of medium breeds grow? Large pets grow the longest. For example, a German shepherd puppy completes its growth only at 12 months and after that gains muscle mass for about a year.
However, if the diet is not followed, the physical development of the pet can be significantly slowed down. Correct diet in the first eight months is extremely important, as this time is critical for raising a healthy and strong dog.
How old do dogs grow??
We can say that the tubular bones finish their growth, and the development of the sternum also slows down significantly by six months. Proper care and proper diet during puppyhood gives an increase in height and body weight approximately doubled.
In the period from six months to a year, the growth rate usually decreases greatly. The weight of the dog increases by about a quarter and the height at the withers by one-tenth.
So, we see that the fastest growing period for a dog is the first six months, depending on the breed. In large individuals, this period lasts about two to three months longer.
How old do dogs grow? The main growth at the age from 6 to 12 months practically stops. But this does not mean that the development and formation of the exterior is over, it lasts about another year and a half.
The growth of a small puppy is completely uneven. In each period, certain organs and parts of the body grow, for example, only a born puppy has short legs and a rather long body.
At first, the dog grows up, and only after that. in breadth.
Typical breed proportions are acquired only towards the end of development. It can often be observed that most puppies have disproportionately large ears. This happens because they reach their normal size while the rest of the body is in the process of growing.
How to feed your puppy for growth?
A balanced and properly formulated diet is of the greatest importance. It is better to formulate the feeding regime together with a specialist. It is imperative to take into account the characteristics of the breed, size and physiology.
In the period from one and a half months to three, the puppy needs quite frequent feeding: about six times a day. Gradually, the number of feedings should be reduced to four, and after two months to three times.
When the puppy reaches six months, he is transferred to two feeding in the morning and in the evening.
It is worth noting that after six months puppies are actively gaining muscle mass, therefore they need a sufficient amount of protein, calcium and vitamins.
So, for 1 kg of weight you need:
- Nine grams of protein;
- Two and a half grams of fat;
- Fourteen grams of sugar and starch;
- One and a half grams of fiber;
- Five hundred milligrams of calcium;
- And also vitamins A, D and E.
How to feed your puppy for growth? There are two types of feeding: natural food and plant food.
If the puppy eats natural food, then follow the general recommendations.
Raw meat is given with care, as it can be infected with helminths. Flour and sausage products, various sweets should be completely excluded from the diet.!
All of this is poisonous to the dog’s gastrointestinal tract. Her teeth may deteriorate and her eyes may water. Small bones are dangerous and can pierce the esophagus or stomach.
It is recommended to adhere to a certain feeding schedule, and teach your puppy to it from a very young age.
It is imperative that your dog’s water needs are met. So, for one kilogram of weight, it is necessary to give from forty to one hundred milliliters of water.
A properly balanced diet and adequate intake of minerals even affect the development of the dog’s skeleton. The tendency to pathology of the skeletal system is more common in large breed dogs such as the German Shepherd, St. Bernard, and Labrador Retrievers. So, scientists have studied the effect of nutrition on the growth process, two main factors have been identified:
- Excessive calcium intake.
From this it follows: it is extremely important to maintain the balance of this mineral in food, since an increase in the rate of calcium intake causes abnormalities in the cartilaginous tissues, and a reduced intake increases the risks of developing a weak skeleton and an increase in the frequency of fractures.
Growth rate and growth rate are the most important indicators of a dog’s development. We highly recommend that you have a special notebook and take control measurements of your four-legged friend. This information will be useful to your veterinarian and make it easier for you to monitor the correct development of the puppy.
Also check out how puppies grow:
During this period, breeders give the dogs to their new owners, they are already weaned. This stage lasts from 1 to 6 months. The puppy is actively growing, his teeth are changing. At this time, it is required to monitor its nutrition and health (it is important to vaccinate and carry out treatments against possible parasites).
The main patterns of rocks
Each species has different periods of full adulthood. The following is a summary of when dogs stop growing in the most common breeds:
- The German Shepherd, like the husky, is actively developing up to a year, and up to two years it is formed until it reaches full maturity;
- In a Rottweiler, growth ends by the year, the muscles are finally formed at 2.5 years;
- Yorkshire Terrier becomes fully adult at eight months;
- Dachshund develops up to 8 months and further grows only in width;
- Pugs grow from 5 to 9 months;
- In the Pekingese, maturation depends on sex: the male develops up to a year, the female faster, up to 8 months;
- Toy Terrier is the fastest dog in development, full maturation is completed by 5 months.
Note! In nature, there is such a variety of dogs as mestizo, which does not belong to either purebred or mongrels. Nobody can predict the growth of these individuals.
What does mestizo look like
Stages of development and growth
Any animal, before becoming an adult, goes through stages during which noticeable changes occur.
Medium-sized dogs develop and mature in the same way. from 10 months to 1 year. Some then only gain muscle mass.
How old do dogs of different breeds grow?
The main feature between maturation of different breeds is that the small breed matures faster and the large breed takes longer. But you need to know at least approximately how many months the dogs grow and the characteristics of each breed in order to track the development of the pet.
Important! In addition to the difference in development between breeds, dogs of the same breed, but with different sex characteristics, also develop differently.
The developmental period inside the womb is divided into several parts. The first stage ends by day 18, development is due to food reserves. Next, the liver, kidneys are formed and blood circulation starts.
The second stage shows signs of pregnancy in the mother dog. The embryo takes the form of a mammal. The nose, eyes, jaws, limbs are forming, the fetus is rapidly increasing. At the end of this period, almost all of the formation ends, only the hairline does not appear.
Within the last third period, the main growth process takes place: the development of the brain, respiratory tract, bone skeleton, digestion and genitals.
How small dog breeds develop:
- Toy Terrier stops growing at the age of 4 months and becomes already as large as it will be throughout its life;
- Yorkshire Terrier, or York, grows up to 5 months, then only gains muscle mass;
- Pugs grow from 5 to 9 months;
- Dachshunds grow in length up to 8 months and then only in width.
Small breeds develop faster
By the age of 1, almost all dogs go through puberty. In appearance, they are no different from an adult, but if it is a large breed, then the final maturation will occur by 2 years. It is for this reason that crossing is allowed no earlier than 2 years after birth.
Note! Little puppies who are often sad and lonely do not develop as well as happy brethren. The first months are considered the most stressful for an animal, therefore you need to devote maximum time and be patient.
Up to what age do dogs of small, medium and large breeds grow
Before getting a dog, the first thing I would like to know is to what size the animal will grow. It depends on genetics and breed type. When transferring a pet, breeders can roughly tell the time when the rapid growth of the dog will stop.
Growing up periods
To track a dog’s growth, you need to know how it develops with age. There are 5 main stages.
- Embryonic. This is the time the puppy spends in the womb. In it, organ systems are laid, the individual itself is formed. The puppy gains weight from 6 to 500-600 grams (depending on the breed).
- Sucking puppy. This is the period from the birth of the dog to 1.5-2 months. the time when the puppy is completely dependent on the mother: she feeds him and spends most of the time with him. Teeth begin to erupt, the puppy learns the world around him, grows up about twice.
- Puppy. From 2 months to 6. At this time, the baby usually has new owners, it is very important to properly adapt him to new, unfamiliar food.
- Young growth. At this stage (from six months to a year), the character of the dog is laid. It is very important to start training your pet during this period. Also during this time, puberty occurs.
- An adult dog. This is the last stage of development. from one to three years. The dog practically does not grow, mainly muscle mass is building. By the end of this period, the dog’s skeleton is fully formed.
Throughout its life, a dog must eat properly to maintain its health. But, as mentioned earlier, it is for the puppy that it is important that only useful substances are in its diet, since during this period the bone skeleton and the body are formed.
When feeding a pet, the owner must adhere to a number of rules.
- You need to feed a pet up to three months old 5-6 times. From 3 months to six months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to three. After six months, the dog needs to be given food twice: in the morning and in the evening. These are average values, but they can vary depending on the breed. Remember that overfeeding, like underfeeding, is detrimental to your pet’s body.
- The first complementary food should be introduced somewhere in 2–3 months, but the puppy should be taught to new food gradually. You can start with dairy products, cereals, boiled vegetables, meat (boiled). In no case do not give the baby offal: small bones, skin, offal, etc., since his body is not yet able to digest such heavy food.
- Food can be given to a puppy from 3 months, while you need to buy super-premium or holistic types: such ready-made food contains all the necessary substances.
If you want your pet to eat natural foods, then you need to know what food can be given and what not. The fish in the puppy’s menu should only be boiled; it is advisable to heat the meat too, as it can be infected with helminths. Exclude tubular bones, overly fatty, spicy and salty foods, as well as sweets, potatoes and pastries. You can give dairy products, cereals, vegetables, dried fruits. Large pork or beef bones are also good for the dog.
Water should always be available for the pet, and whey and broth can also be given.
In order for the puppy to develop and grow correctly and quickly, it is necessary to carry out disease prevention on time.
Deworming is carried out once every 3 months and only when the puppy is already 60 days old. Also during this period, the baby can be vaccinated against a number of diseases, treated against parasites: fleas, ticks. It is necessary to make scheduled visits to the veterinarian.
Factors affecting growth
Some dog owners may be worried about whether their pet is growing normally. Most often, they simply do not notice the development of the puppy, since after six months it begins to grow evenly and slowly. But still, some factors can influence the development of the dog.
- The size of the pet and the speed of its development depend primarily on the breed of the dog: small ones develop faster than large species.
- It is important to remember that males are larger in size and weight than females.
- Puppy nutrition plays an important role in development. If you provide the correct diet for the baby, then perhaps he will be even slightly larger than other representatives of his breed.
- Health is the key to high-quality growth of a pet, because a sick puppy will spend all its strength on healing and maintaining the body, and not on the process of growing up.
- In order for the puppy to be in normal tone, so that his muscles and skeleton are formed correctly, it is necessary to give him constant physical activity. This concept includes: playing with a pet, walking in the fresh air, training.
- The presence of genetic diseases.
How old do dogs of different breeds grow??
When a new little resident appears in the house. a puppy, all attention becomes riveted to him. We try to do everything to keep him healthy and comfortable. Of course, special attention is paid to the growth and development of the puppy.
In this article, we will look at the age to which different breeds of dogs grow, and also find out what factors affect the proper development of an individual.
Different breeds of dogs increase in size in different ways. The rapid growth of the puppy continues up to 6 months, and after that it slows down. In some breeds, growth is noted up to 3 years.
Small breed owners often become concerned that puppies stop growing after six months. But this is normal, because small individuals develop much faster. Some dogs reach puberty at 7-8 months.
- The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most popular small breeds. They are called Yorkies for short. Development lasts up to 8-9 months. Their puppy appearance does not change until old age, these dogs are perfect for keeping in an apartment.
- The pug is a friendly but very lazy dog. Its weight can reach 6-8 kg, and its height can be up to 32 cm. This dog develops mainly up to 9 months, actively gaining weight.
- The Pekingese is a Chinese breed. This dog is good-natured, but stubborn and wayward. She has a very long coat and therefore requires careful maintenance. The height at the withers is up to 23 cm, and the weight is up to 5 kg. Development. up to 8 months, sometimes up to a year.
- The Pomeranian has a toy appearance. These mini-dogs can be 18 cm tall, in some cases reach 30 cm, weigh up to 3 kg. It grows only up to six months, and then bones and muscles become stronger.
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Its height is from 30 to 40 cm, and its weight is up to 15 kg. Staffs are very intelligent, loyal and loyal dogs. They should always be in human society. An adult becomes at 10-12 months.
- Dachshunds are famous hunters. They grow up to 8 months in height and length, and then in breadth.
- The Toy Terrier is a smooth-haired, cute and playful dog. She is known for her furry ears. Growth. only 25 cm. Grows up to six months.
- Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world. Her height does not exceed 23 cm, and her weight is 3 kg. She is a very loyal, energetic and graceful dog. Grows up to 8 months.
How old do dogs grow?
As soon as a four-legged pet of unknown origin appears in the house, a lot of questions arise about how it will grow up, who it will look like, become large or remain small. If we are talking about a thoroughbred puppy, then there are no special difficulties about the future exterior. you can look at his parents or other representatives of the breed. But for any dog there are certain rules and canons of growth at different age periods. And so, to what age do dogs grow?
Growth of puppies over 6 months
In puppies from the age of six months, flat bones grow, that is, the sternum is actively developing, pets grow, but already in width. These processes last intensively for about 6 months, and after a year, growth continues, but at a slower pace.
The bone frame of the dog is fully formed by the age of three. Small breeds finish developing much earlier than large ones.
The first mating affects the growth of the pet, after which the growth of the animal stops completely. This is one of the reasons to avoid early coverings, so as not to disrupt the development and growth of the dog.
To fix the metric data, it is necessary to measure the dog at certain periods and record all the data. Household scales can be used to weigh the puppy, but if the pet belongs to large breeds. St. Bernards, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, then large trading scales will be needed.
In addition, the following parameters are measured:
- Sternum girth;
- Height (height at the withers);
- Length of hind and forelegs.
To remove them, centimeter tapes, tape measures and rulers are used.
Until the age of six months, it is recommended to measure the pet every 10 days, at a later age, once a month will be enough.
Growth of dogs of different breeds
In most cases, puppies grow intensively up to 6 months, in representatives of small breeds, growth inhibits growth earlier than in larger ones.
Large breed puppies grow and form after six months of age, although not so quickly. Consider the growth of some breeds:
- Pekingese. these small dogs grow on average up to 9 months, males often up to a year.
- Yorkshire Terriers. their growth continues up to 7-8 months.
- Chihuahua. very small and fragile puppies grow up to 8 months old, and after a year they get much stronger.
- Dachshund. the growth of puppies stops by 8 months, after which they continue to grow, but exclusively in width.
- Pug. the growth of these puppies varies. it can stop at six months or continue up to 9 months, while they are gaining weight intensively.
- Rottweilers are a powerful and large breed, puppies grow up to 12 months, the development of a muscular corset occurs up to 2 years of age.
- German Shepherd. active growth is observed up to a year, and the dog is fully formed by two years.
But it should be borne in mind that the above data are only average figures, because in addition to the ratio to the breed, there are also a lot of equally important factors that affect the growth and development of the dog:
- Correct, balanced diet;
- Lack or presence of training;
- Pet conditions;
- Hereditary predisposition to disease.
It will be helpful to read:
Period from birth to 6 months
From birth to six months, a healthy active puppy should triple in weight, and grow at the withers by two. At this time, dogs grow only in height.
This stage is characterized by the cessation of the growth of tubal bones. Therefore, it is very important that at this time everything is formed according to the norm. Improper, unbalanced nutrition, previous serious illnesses can negatively affect the development of the bone frame, as a result, deformities and obvious violations will appear, which will no longer be possible to correct.
In this case, an adult individual will have the wrong body proportions, which will put an end to exhibitions and participation in competitions.
Stages of development and growth of a dog
A healthy, normally developed puppy should grow in accordance with a certain pattern. Such a concept as growth includes several stages:
- Changes in puppy weight;
- Body growth;
- External changes (exterior);
- Physiological features.
The concepts of growth and development have different meanings, but if the pet is healthy, then they occur in a timely manner. There are several stages of growth and development of puppies:
- The first stage is considered to be the period when the puppy is still in the womb. This period is very important, since it is there that the basic qualities of the future dog are laid. And here it is worth more carefully choosing a future family member, based on data about his parents, the reputation of breeders.
- The second stage is the time when the baby is breastfed, the so-called suckling period, which lasts from childbirth to one and a half months. At this time, the breeder is responsible for the well-being and growth of the babies, and he is also responsible for the small pets. If the puppy is strong and the future owners have experience of feeding monthly puppies, then you can wean it from the mother a little earlier to be completely sure of its correct feeding and further growth.
- The third stage is longer and lasts from 1.5 to 6 months. Most often, during this time period, puppies end up with new owners. At this time, the puppy is growing very intensively, he has a change of milk teeth. Here, the owner is solely responsible for all processes.
- The fourth stage. from 16 to 12 months, is quite varied and proceeds depending on the breed of the puppy. It can be accompanied by active growth, its slowdown, or a complete stop.
- The fifth stage is no longer the growth of the puppy, but the formation of an adult, albeit young, dog. Its duration is on average 2-2.5 years. Stopping growth, the animal continues to gain muscle mass.
It is important to have an understanding of which measurement data are normal in a given period. Of course, there are no exact numbers, but still there is a certain trend.
Proper feeding of your puppy
Nutrition is of great importance for the growth and development of the dog. Ideally, the diet, including the number of feedings, the composition of the diet, based on individual and breed characteristics, should be developed by a dog handler.
On average, a puppy under 3 months old should eat at least 5-6 times a day. The grown pet is gradually transferred to four meals a day. From 6 months, the number of feedings can be reduced to two, as for an adult dog.
Do not forget that from six months the pet has an intensive set of muscle mass, so the diet must be enriched with proteins, vitamins and trace elements.
Dog owners have a choice. to feed the pet with natural products or ready-made food. dry or wet. Sometimes these two types are successfully combined.
If the owner of the puppy chooses to feed dry or wet type of food, then he must find a good super premium food. Such products contain all important micro and macro elements, vitamins, sufficient amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates. Balancing the finished feed affects the normal development of the puppy. In addition, most manufacturers, releasing such products, take into account age characteristics and other nuances.
Those owners who have opted for a natural diet should follow these guidelines:
- Exclude too spicy, fatty, smoked, salty foods from the diet.
- It is best to buy sea fish after boiling it. Raw fish and meat can lead to infection with helminthic infestations.
- Bones are poorly absorbed, so it is not advisable to give them to a pet to chew.
- Sweets and chocolate lead to diabetes, disorders in the activity of the cardiovascular system, loss of vision and teeth, so their use is excluded.
- You can give low-fat cheese, cottage cheese, boiled meat, raisins, dried fruits, etc.
- Food should be at room temperature so as not to disrupt the digestion process.
Proper feeding, caring and attentive attitude to your pet will help it grow and develop normally.
Puppy growth stages
The pace of development of a dog at the initial stage of its life is subject to certain patterns that are not related to the breed. over, the beginning of growth is usually considered the period when the puppy is still an embryo, while in the mother’s womb. At this time, the formation of the animal’s body takes place, which is why it should only be taken from a responsible breeder who monitors the health of pregnant females.
The second stage is the life time from the very birth of the puppy to 1.5 months. This period is called the sucking period and is the same for any breed. This period is the same and lasts up to six months. During this time, molars appear in the dog, the height at the withers approximately doubles, and the weight triples. Up to 6 months old, the ears grow in puppies and, by the end of the period, the same shape as in an adult dog.
In the period from 6 to 12 months, the dog is no longer called a puppy, but a young. It continues to grow. although not always until the very end of the term. Most small breeds complete their size increase by eight or nine months, large dogs grow up to a year. It is also easy to find out to what age dogs of medium breeds (spaniels, bulldogs, bassets, huskies and chow-chows) grow. They usually stop growing by 9 or 10 months.
During these six months, the sternum develops most noticeably in all breeds. However, the growth is no longer as intense as in the previous stage. But the exterior changes noticeably. by the age of one year, the pet looks almost the same as it will be throughout its life.
How old do dogs grow?
When a puppy appears at home, many owners have questions about what size and weight it will reach. Some are interested in how old the dogs grow. that is, when the active period of growth ends and muscle mass ends. For most breeds, there are several guidelines that can be followed in answering these questions.
The need for parameter control
Controlling the height and weight of a four-legged pet is not at all necessary if it is purchased from a reliable breeder. Having received a puppy of a certain breed, you can check what an adult dog will look like by looking at the parents, and familiarize yourself with the stages of growth by reading the relevant literature.
The answers to questions about the development of the puppy are much more interesting for owners of animals received for free or even picked up on the street. Although it is rather difficult to answer exactly to what age mongrel dogs grow and, moreover, how they will look in a few months or years. These answers are no less important for owners who see that the growth rate of the pet does not quite correspond to their expectations.
To control the development of a puppy, and then a young dog, it is recommended to periodically weigh it using ordinary scales and measure it using a tape measure or centimeter. Until the puppy is 2 months old, measurements are performed once every 5 days, up to six months. every ten days, then monthly. The height of the dog at the withers in a standing position, the circumference of the metacarpus (wrist joint) and chest are measured. Measurements and elbow heights can be taken.
Young dog development
The next stage, when the pet can be called a young dog, continues for most breeds up to 16 months of age. In small breeds, it ends earlier. even before a year. The period can be characterized by an active increase in body weight or size, and a complete cessation of development. Much depends on the following factors:
- From health in the early stages. active puppies grow faster and can mature earlier than their sisters and brothers from the same litter;
- The quality of the dog’s nutrition. a responsible attitude to the pet’s diet will allow it to develop longer and become larger. although not by much;
- From the sex of the animal. Females tend to be smaller in size and weight.
Size Difference Between Male and Female
The last stage of development is considered the period from one year to 2-3 years. At this time, small pets have long ceased to grow, but large dogs can gain muscle mass. Thus, the answer to the question of how old dogs grow to become fully mature depends on the breed. The smaller the dog, the earlier it grows up. But even a representative of the largest breed. for example, a Newfoundland or a St. Bernard. may well be considered an adult by the age of three.
Considering in more detail to what age dogs of small breeds grow, it is worth noting the following facts:
- The growth of Chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers ends by 8 months, in the future there is only an increase in mass;
- A toy terrier can grow up even faster. by six months. From this time on, neither their height nor their weight changes;
- The size of pugs varies in different ways. some young dogs of this breed may stop growing at 6-7 months, others continue to develop until nine;
- The growth of the female Pekingese ends by 8-9 months, the male. by the year;
- Dachshunds grow in length up to eight months of age, after which they only increase in width.
Large and muscular dogs such as the Rottweiler grow to their usual size by 12 months, and their muscles can grow up to 2 years. Sheepdogs, St. Bernards and Labrador Retrievers grow faster up to a year, and at the final stage. almost imperceptibly. They can be called fully formed by the age of 2.5-3.
Stages of development and growth of a dog
The length of the puppy’s growing up period can be broken down into the following stages:
- Embryonic. the period when the puppy is in the womb. It develops not only physically (the formation of organs and systems occurs, the strength of the constitution, the foundations of health are laid), but also psychologically (it remembers the smell of the mother, the foundations of its character and behavior are formed).
How long do dogs grow
Every owner wants to know what his puppy will look like when he matures. Many people often measure the size and weight of a pet and are worried if these indicators are within the norm. Is it worth worrying about finding a slowdown in growth, and whether the puppy can stop growing. this article will be devoted to these questions.
- Stages of development and growth of a dog
- How old do dogs grow?
- Small breeds
- Medium breeds
- Large (large) breeds
Large (large) breeds
Large breeds grow the longest and take on the appearance of an adult dog up to 3 years. Large breed dogs grow like this:
- Rottweiler. grows in height up to 1 year, gets stronger up to 2 years.
- German Shepherd. up to 1 year old, growth occurs, up to 2 years. muscle gain.
- Labrador Retriever. grow up to 1.5 years, fully formed up to 2.5 years.
- Saint Bernard. grows up to 12 months, by the age of 3 it is gradually gaining shape.
- Caucasian Shepherd Dog. growth in height occurs up to 1 year, the formation of muscle mass. up to 2 years.
- Mastiff. grows up to 1 year, exterior forms up to 2.5 years.
- Irish wolfhound. up to 1.5-2 years.
- Great Dane. grows at the withers up to 1.5 years, in mass. up to 3.
- Moscow Watchdog. growth in height stops at 14 months, sometimes at 1.5 years of age, the formation stops at 3 years of age.
- Alabai. up to 1 year, getting stronger up to 3 years.
Small dog breeds include:
- Yorkshire Terrier. grows up to 8-9 months.
How to determine the age of a dog
There are cases when the owner does not know the date of birth and age of his pet, and this indicator is important from the point of view of the beginning and frequency of vaccinations, sterilization, castration, training, care and feeding.
In order to approximately determine the age of an animal, there are such methods:
- Look at the teeth. A young animal of 1 year old has white, clean, healthy teeth, a 2-year-old has yellow teeth, a 3-5-year-old has tartar, a 6-year-old has worn canines, concave incisors, and over 8 years old has obtuse canines. In older dogs, teeth begin to fall out. Teeth change between 2 and 6 months.
- Examine the wool. The older the animal, the harder it feels. With old age, the coat begins to turn gray.
- Touch and examine the muscles. Flabby muscles are a sign of an aging animal. The older the dog gets, the less it moves and the more it sleeps.
- Look into the eyes. With age, the eyes begin to water, become dull, the gaze of young dogs is clear.
: how to find out the age of a dog
How old do dogs grow?
Intensive growth in dogs is observed up to 6 months of age, then the rate decreases. The further developmental period of healthy dogs, which are kept in appropriate conditions, depends on the breed and size. Consider the growth features of small, medium and large dogs.
Average dog breeds grow up to about 12 months of age, in the context of breeds it looks like this:
- Spaniel. about 8 months old, maturing up to 1.5 years. Cocker Spaniel
French Bulldog. up to 8-9 months, then grows in breadth.
The “Why Doesn’t My Dog Grow” Fallacy
Dog owners are often mistaken about their pets, and this applies to their size as well. In this regard, they begin to look on the forums for an answer to the question of why the dog does not grow, forgetting that this is impossible.
Owners often get confused about the size of the puppies:
- The puppy has stopped growing and will be a dwarf. This is not so: puppies grow actively up to 6 months, further growth and weight gain are less active and uneven. The indicator can also be affected by illness, lack of physical activity, lack of vitamins.
- A small animal cannot protect me. This is not true: growth and defense are independent of each other. The dog handler is able to train any animal to resist attacks on you.
The owners should learn that the puppy cannot fail to grow, they just do not notice it. If you show the puppy to someone who has not seen him for a while, he will definitely notice the change in appearance.
Even if you regularly take measurements and record readings, it may turn out that the dog relaxed its muscles a little, spun, the ruler moved from its place, etc.
In order for your dog to be physically developed, it needs to be properly fed and actively walked, and in order to protect you, it must be trained and be a friend to the dog. Thus, the growth process of a dog goes through several stages. It is important that puppies can grow at the withers up to 1.5 years of age, and the larger the breed, the longer growth will continue. Up to 3 years old, the puppy will acquire the exterior of an adult animal.
Do not worry too much about the growth of the pet. everything has its time, and a dog of any height will be able to protect you.