home Dogs Up To What Age Do Dogs Have Estrus

Up To What Age Do Dogs Have Estrus

How long does a Yorkie in heat last?

Normally, estrus lasts 3 weeks, and from the 9th to the 13th day the brood bitch can be fertilized. The 12th day is considered the best day for mating. But this is not a mandatory rule. If there are deviations in the duration of estrus, then the onset of the period during which the bitch can be fertilized also changes. Therefore, it is recommended to keep a close eye on the breeding bitch during the entire estrus and record the dates of her beginning and end. This plays an extremely important role in choosing the right mating day for Yorkshire Terriers. Preventive breeding vaccinations must be done no later than a month before the expected estrus and no earlier than a month after its end or a month after the distribution of puppies. In addition, you need to check the York girl for the presence of worms.

As soon as you establish a breeder’s bitch in heat that you intend to mate, contact the breed leader or Breeding Director. He tells you which dog your dog should be mated with, and tells you the address of its owner, as well as tell you what day it is best to mate. If you and your dog are going to mate in another city, choose the appropriate mode of transport so that the breeding bitch does not inconvenience and does not get lost.

When dogs are in heat?

The first estrus in dogs usually begins after the change of teeth, but it is impossible to predict the exact time, because K. The techka completes a certain stage in the development of the body of a young bitch. Each dog has its own. In large breeds, the development of the dog takes longer and there are frequent cases of a shift in the first heat up to the age of one year of the dog. Even within one breed, for example, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, we had the timing of the onset of the first estrus from 6 months to 13 months (a very powerful and large bitch)!

What can help in guessing the deadline?

You should ask when your dog’s mother started her first heat and how it went. Features, behavior, the course of pregnancy and childbirth are passed from mothers to daughters and, according to experience, in most cases, this is confirmed.

How old are dogs in estrus?

There is no unambiguous age indicator, since everything is individual. The breeds are different and the weight categories are different. Which leaves its mark. Large dogs live much less than dogs of small breeds, respectively, and the manifestations of a full-fledged sexual cycle are different.

When examining a patient, the doctor comes first with his diagnostic concept, which he will prove using special research methods.

” A correct diagnosis does not mean a cure”

First estrus in dogs.

You have a young bitch in your house and now you have to learn how to periodically go through the estrus cycle with her and adapt to this inevitable process.

How to notice the onset of heat or signs of heat in dogs?

The approaching heat can be noticed while walking the dog. The dog urinates frequently.

Behavior can change, often the dog becomes active, playful, and disobedient. Hormones begin “play”, and instinct pushes her towards free behavior. The bitch makes frequent marks. Odorless “bait” for males.

The bitch wants to explore more and more vast territories, thereby spreading its smell, luring potential “suitors”. Bitches often shed before heat.

Males during this period come up to the bitch, sniff at her, but they do not bind the bitch, and the bitch herself behaves more aggressively towards males.

When examining the dog, the owner notices a change in the female genitals. The loop becomes more and more swollen, when pressed, you can see the discharge lightly. Pink or unclear. Color pink.

If you notice changes in the dog’s behavior, do not be lazy and check the dog every day for heat by blotting the noose of the bitch with a napkin or toilet paper. The pinkish discharge will be the beginning of estrus. Mark this day in the dog’s notebook.

Yorks

In order for a future breeding bitch to be used for breeding, she must receive at the show an assessment of at least “very well”. The obvious requirement for a breeding bitch is her health and good shape. A bitch is allowed to mate at the age of 18 months. It is generally recommended to knit a Yorkie in third heat.

When Yorkies start their first heat?

Yorkies usually start estrus at the age of 8-10 months. The following are repeated at intervals of six months. There are many bitches whose first estrus begins much later. at 12-14 months. The interval between estrus in Yorkies also varies greatly. from 5 to 10 months. It even happens that a Yorkie is in heat only once a year. In the same bitch, the duration of the heat interval may also change. By old age, as a rule, the interval between estrus increases.

A cat’s heat: a natural process that requires special attention

If you intend to have a cat, and not a cat, you should prepare from the very first days for the fact that at a certain age she will begin to estrus. This is a natural process in the body of an animal, however, you need to prepare in advance for its beginning, because the owner of the animal must not only know how the cat behaves during estrus, but also be able to help his pet prepare for “an adult” life. And don’t think that caring for a cat during estrus will be easier and easier than caring for a cat in a similar situation.!

What is a cat’s estrus?

In another way, this phenomenon is called estrus and involves a change not only in the physical state of the animal, but also the occurrence of certain changes in its psyche. Heat begins when the follicles in the ovaries ripen in a cat, and it is this symptom that is the first evidence that the animal is ready to bear offspring and to subsequent childbirth.

As a rule, estrus in cats lasts several days, and you can determine its onset by the following signs:

  • Change in animal behavior. It can become either very aggressive or, on the contrary, very affectionate.,
  • The appearance of uterine and inviting cries (sometimes the cat can scream all day and night),
  • Swelling of the genitals (practically insignificant, therefore only a specialist can often determine its presence),
  • Frequent urination,
  • Decreased or even complete lack of appetite (observed either during the entire period of estrus in cats, or only in the first days),
  • Change in cat gait. She begins to walk on bent hind legs, tail raised,
  • The appearance of transparent discharge from the genitals. To remove them, the cat begins to wash much more often (at the same time, unlike dogs, cats do not have spotting!).
  • These signs of estrus in a cat can alternate, or they can be observed in combination. However, in any case, the owners of the animal need to be prepared for the fact that sometimes the cat marks its territory during estrus.!

    What are the signs that you can tell if a dog is in heat?

    Droplets of blood on the couch and floor, frequent urination, strange behavior uncharacteristic for a dog. all these symptoms indicate that the female is in heat.

    Signs of heat:

    • Favorite more often than usual to ask to go to the toilet. In this case, the female can mark with her urine every bush and every tree. In rare cases, the dog begins to write in the house, trying to mark all corners and pieces of furniture with its scent.
    • Bloody discharge with a specific odor oozes from the female’s genitals. In all places where the pet sat or lay, there are bloody drops, indicating that she is in heat.
    • Sometimes animals during this period begin to shed intensively, leaving scraps of hair throughout the house.
    • When the dog is taken out for a walk, he takes an active interest in all the males running by. In this case, the pet may try to break off the leash and escape from the owner.
    • During estrus, the character of the animal also changes. Sometimes the pet becomes overly excited and playful or behaves disobediently, not responding to the owner’s comments and commands. Some females, on the contrary, become lethargic and sad, do not want to play and even lose their appetite.
    • A sign of estrus can also be the fact that the dog often licks its genitals, in particular after each trip to the toilet.
    • Representatives of large breeds can behave viciously and aggressively even towards the owner. Therefore, it is advisable to limit walking with the dog, especially in those places where children walk.

    Frequent urination may be a symptom of estrus.

    Are there norms?

    It is worth noting that the duration of estrus, the cyclical nature of this process are individual for each female. Of course, there are norms. But they are very conditional. There is a framework for how many days a dog is in heat, exceeding which indicates the presence of health problems. Any caring owner should know the duration and frequency of estrus, what changes occur in the dog’s body during this difficult period, how behavior changes.

    When a dog first starts to estrus?

    Sexual maturity of four-fingered pets occurs at the age of seven to twelve months. Therefore, the first estrus can begin both in a seven-month-old pet and in a female who is twelve or fourteen months old. In some animals up to a year and a half, there are no signs of estrus at all and this is considered the norm, and not a deviation.

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    Puberty in dogs begins at 7-12 months of age.

    About the determination of estrus in dogs. When a dog starts to heat

    The first estrus in a dog, at what age. this question is of interest to many owners. Usually the onset falls within a period of six months to two years. This is normal. Usually, the first estrus begins after the period of tooth change. Nobody knows the exact time. In animals of small breeds, blood begins to flow at the age of 6 to 10 months. For representatives of medium and large breeds, the timing is slightly different. A dog’s first estrus can begin between six months and 13 months.

    When a dog’s first heat occurs, it is not difficult to notice it. The beginning takes place in conjunction with the following symptoms:

    • Frequent urination
    • Behavior change;
    • Interest in the pet from males;
    • The appearance of bloody discharge;
    • Sometimes females are prone to molt during this period.

    Heat is often quite noticeable in small breeds. But sometimes the first estrus begins imperceptibly and passes inactively, without noticeable signs. But even in this case, you must not lose your vigilance. it’s still a full heat.

    An owner wishing to breed offspring should remember when the female starts bleeding. Puberty occurs in the third period, it is for the third time that a pet can be knitted. In order to choose the most favorable days for mating in the future, the owner should record the behavior of the animal during this period of time.

    A dog’s sexual cycle consists of several parts. Let’s consider each of them in more detail:

    • Proestrus is a period that takes from a week to 10 days in which the behavior of the female changes noticeably. The pet is excited, playful and active. During walks, she marks the territory, listens poorly to the owner and more often pays attention to males.
    • Estrus itself. Ovulation occurs. The female allows the dog to come to her, takes away the tail.
    • Metaestrus is the third period lasting several days. The flow ends, the blood stops flowing, and the female loses interest in the males and stops letting them in.
    • During anestrus (the fourth cycle), sexual rest occurs, lasting up to 150 days.

    Owner rules

    What should the owner do when the dog’s first estrus begins? It should be remembered when it started, note how many days it lasts, as well as the peculiarities of the pet’s behavior during this period of time. This data will help predict the approximate time of the next estrus, as well as determine the favorable time for mating if further breeding of the offspring is planned.

    If the owner does not want to mix a bitch with a dog, the main rule for him is not to let the dog off the leash for a while, while it is in heat. Even if the pet knows all the commands and obeys the owner, during this period of time it can become uncontrollable, run away, not approach on command. And it will be very difficult to drag the dog away from the bitch, in which case.

    While estrus lasts, the owner should restrict his pet from participating in exhibitions for two reasons: firstly, at this time the dog’s behavior changes, and the owner cannot predict what she will do; and secondly, it can be dangerous due to the risk of accidental mating.

    During the period when the dog is estrus, it should be protected from infections. Their animal can pick up, for example, after swimming in a pond.

    Heat in dogs

    Heat in dogs or estrus is an important process that helps to plan mating or, on the contrary, to prevent the appearance of unwanted offspring. Any deviations from the norm are a reason to visit a veterinary clinic to prevent possible health problems.

    Key features

    Estrus can be determined by the behavior of the pet, which varies greatly. The female is active, plays a lot, may not follow the usual commands. All these are the consequences of hormonal changes. Other signs include:

    • Frequent urination. this is how the animal marks the territory and attracts males;
    • Bloody issues;
    • The dog constantly licks the area under the tail;
    • The bitch tries to run away to the males, and they reciprocate her;
    • Molting. this often precedes estrus.

    At first, dogs do not allow males to come near them and can be quite aggressive, since their bodies are not yet ready for mating. After about a week, sexual desire arises, the loop noticeably increases in size. A bitch can stay in this state for up to seven days.

    The dog tends to lick the area under the tail

    But your pet’s breed matters.

    How long?

    The first phase of estrus is a period of bloody discharge, a gradual increase in the loop and constant rushing towards persistent suitors. It is important to remember how long the dog’s estrus does not cause hunting: with the onset of the time of “love”, the most dangerous or most desirable (if mating is planned) days come. Estrus or the second phase of estrus. mucous transparent discharge, soft yielding noose, inviting games and characteristic postures when meeting males. The girl often asks for a walk, is disobedient during a walk, she can run away in search of love. The third phase of estrus in a dog lasts as long as it takes for the body to return to its normal state: the loop decreases, the discharge stops, the level of most sex hormones drops. As a rule, the duration of the phases is conditionally equal, plus or minus a couple of days.

    It would seem that everything is easy to calculate, but many different factors affect the duration of estrus in dogs. First of all, these are individual characteristics and heredity, therefore, with the question of the period of love, it is wiser to contact the breeder if he has enough experience. In addition, the size of the bitch is important: large girls mature later and “walk” longer, estrus in small dogs is shorter and occurs earlier, sometimes already at the age of five months. The constitution also plays a role: wide bone, square format, bulky muscles. late maturation and less prolonged estrus, light bones and general harmony, leanness. earlier maturation and longer estrus.

    How many days a dog’s estrus lasts is also influenced by the conditions of detention. If different-sex animals are kept in the same house, estrus can be delayed. If the bitch is exhausted by excessive exertion, contract. Heat is shorter in winter, longer in spring and summer, which is especially noticeable when it comes to booth or enclosure dogs. The season has almost no effect on a girl living in an apartment, therefore, the duration and frequency of estrus in dogs rarely change with the change in day length and temperature.

    Among other things, the general condition of the bitch is important. There are many congenital pathologies that often do not affect health in any way, but determine how long dogs are in heat. This is not necessarily a pathology of the development of the reproductive system, the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland, the adrenal glands, and other organs are responsible for the production of hormones, and therefore for the sexual cycle. Chronic diseases can also change the duration of the cycle. systemic diseases, tumors, infections, “female” ailments, etc.

    How long a dog will take in heat depends on age. Young healthy bitches run longer than adolescent and aging dogs. With age, not only the duration of the leaks decreases, but also their frequency. the resting phase gradually increases from year to year. Although some girls remain active until old age. But there is no complete cessation of leaks just due to aging.

    Do not forget to record how estrus affects the girl’s behavior, how many days the dog’s estrus does not cause a desire for love, how long the arousal phase and the rest phase lasts. This data will help if any changes happen. And remember that a veterinarian is the only competent person whose advice can truly be trusted.

    First estrus in dogs: duration and characteristics

    Estrus, scientifically or simply, estrus is a process that indicates the onset of puberty in a female. He says that the dog is ready to mate and bear offspring. First blood occurs as early as six months to a year. Normally. up to two years. It happens once or twice a year. frequent bleeding may indicate the presence of hormonal disorders in the dog. How many days does it bleed, when estrus begins in representatives of different breeds, what measures should be taken by the owner during estrus in dogs. more on this in more detail.

    • Techka: main features
    • When a dog starts to heat
    • Duration and frequency of estrus in a dog
    • Owner rules
    • Hygiene rules during estrus
    • Problems during estrus
    • Preparation for mating

    Owner rules

    What should the owner do when the dog’s first estrus begins? It should be remembered when it started, note how many days it lasts, as well as the peculiarities of the pet’s behavior during this period of time. This data will help predict the approximate time of the next estrus, as well as determine the favorable time for mating if further breeding of the offspring is planned.

    If the owner does not want to mix a bitch with a dog, the main rule for him is not to let the dog off the leash for a while, while it is in heat. Even if the pet knows all the commands and obeys the owner, during this period of time it can become uncontrollable, run away, not approach on command. And it will be very difficult to drag the dog away, in which case, from the bitch.

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    While estrus lasts, the owner should restrict his pet from participating in exhibitions for two reasons: firstly, at this time the behavior of the dog changes, and the owner cannot predict what she will do; and secondly, it can be dangerous due to the risk of accidental mating.

    During the period when the dog is estrus, it should be protected from infections. Their animal can pick up, for example, after swimming in a pond.

    Problems during estrus

    Some owners, having waited for the period when the dog’s first estrus should begin approximately, do not notice it. Often in decorative dogs (sometimes in representatives of large breeds) bloodless estrus begins. During such a period, there are all signs of estrus, except for discharge: they are either not, or they are invisible. It also happens: there are no signs of heat, but she is coming.

    In this case, the owner also needs to be on the lookout. Even if there is no discharge, the dog is ready for mating, and the males around him feel it.

    Special tests will help determine if an animal is in bloodless heat. In any case, the animal should be shown to the veterinarian, as heat without blood is unnatural. The specialist will determine whether the dog’s hormonal background is normal, and, if necessary, will prescribe a course of treatment.

    Unusual estrus (longer than usual, no discharge, onset at the wrong time) in older dogs may be indicative of a tumor or disease.

    Techka: main features

    How long dogs are in heat. the answer to this question is not very different for representatives of different breeds. Both in representatives of large and medium-sized breeds, and in small breeds, its duration is on average 20-30 days. Blood comes at intervals of 1-2 times a year.

    During this period, the owner should be more careful about his pet. Only joint efforts can ease this difficult period.

    Duration and frequency of estrus in a dog

    How many times a year does a dog have estrus, how long does it last and what are its features. every dog ​​breeder thinks about this. Heat usually occurs twice a year or three times in 14 months. For some breeds, it is individual and does not happen so often, but only once a year.

    It is bad if the animal does not bleed for more than 8 months, or, on the contrary, it appears too often, with interruptions of less than 4 months. This may indicate the development of an animal’s disease. Therefore, in this case, it is better to show the four-legged pet to the veterinarian.

    The exact cycle of a dog of large or medium breeds is determined by 2 years. In decorative breeds a little earlier. at about the age of 18 months.

    When a pet grows (up to a period of 1.5-2 years), different periods between estrus are the norm. Older dogs have a clearer cycle, although it may deviate by several weeks.

    The dates when estrus begins and ends are shifted throughout the year, since its duration is not exactly one month. Therefore, the owner must record the beginning and end of estrus every time.

    The frequency of estrus in dogs may differ depending on whether they are courtyard or domesticated. So, for the former, it takes place once a year, more often in early spring. The latter can have blood once or twice a year: in winter and autumn.

    How long dogs are in heat. there is no one answer to this question. The duration may vary depending on a number of factors. For example, conditions of detention. So, if the bitch lives with animals of the opposite sex, the duration of estrus may be longer. If the pet is too loaded (training, training, physical exercise), then this period ends earlier than usual.

    The duration of estrus in dogs may vary depending on the season. It often ends earlier in winter, while in summer its duration increases. But this does not apply to animals living in the apartment.

    How long estrus lasts can be influenced by the girl’s general well-being. Various diseases, pathologies, chronic diseases can affect the duration of the cycle.

    In aged animals, the duration of the cycle is reduced, the “resting phase” increases from year to year. At the same time, estrus does not stop at all even in older bitches. Young people have a longer cycle.

    During this period, the owner should record all manifestations: the beginning, how long it takes, what behavior the pet demonstrates. This data will help you notice any changes at some point.

    Hygiene rules during estrus

    Many owners are wondering if their pet needs special underpants for the estrus period. In their use, both pros and cons can be distinguished.

    So, experts do not recommend using this hygienic device during estrus, since the animal must lick itself at this time.

    But in some cases, owners use dog shorts during estrus. For example, if the dog is used to sleeping on the bed, or when traveling on public transport. to protect the dog from dirt during the period when it is most vulnerable.

    When choosing hygienic pants, you should pay attention to the material: they must be sewn from natural fabrics, have a hole for the tail, and also be adjustable in volume. There should be no seams on the underpants so that they do not irritate the skin of the animal. Also, the thing should fit in size. the dog should be comfortable in it. There are options with Velcro, fasteners, and even overalls or suspenders. Depending on whether the dog is used to wearing clothes, the choice of model also depends. For girls-dogs, shorts are sewn with a special on the inside. It is designed for special gaskets.

    Sometimes, in order to save money and if necessary, you can make such panties yourself, using cropped sliders or baby shorts.

    When a dog starts to heat

    The first estrus in a dog, at what age. this question is of interest to many owners. Usually the onset falls within a period of six months to two years. This is normal. Usually, the first estrus begins after the period of tooth change. Nobody knows the exact time. In animals of small breeds, blood begins to flow at the age of 6 to 10 months. In representatives of medium and large breeds, the timing is slightly different. the first estrus in a dog can begin in a period of time from six months to 13 months.

    Up To What Age Do Dogs Have Estrus

    When a dog’s first heat occurs, it is not difficult to notice it. The beginning takes place in conjunction with the following symptoms:

    • Frequent urination
    • Behavior change;
    • Interest in the pet from males;
    • The appearance of bloody discharge;
    • Sometimes females are prone to molt during this period.

    Heat is often quite noticeable in small breeds. But sometimes the first estrus begins imperceptibly and passes inactively, without noticeable signs. But even in this case, you must not lose your vigilance. it’s still a full heat.

    An owner wishing to breed offspring should remember when the female starts bleeding. Puberty occurs in the third period, it is for the third time that a pet can be knitted. In order to choose the most favorable days for mating in the future, the owner should record the behavior of the animal during this period of time.

    A dog’s sexual cycle consists of several parts. Let’s consider each of them in more detail:

    • Proestrus is a period that takes from a week to 10 days in which the behavior of the female changes noticeably. The pet is excited, playful and active. During walks, she marks the territory, listens poorly to the owner and more often pays attention to males.
    • Estrus itself. Ovulation occurs. The female allows the dog to come to her, takes away the tail.
    • Metaestrus is the third period lasting several days. The flow ends, the blood stops flowing, and the female loses interest in the males and stops letting them in.
    • During anestrus (the fourth cycle), sexual rest occurs, lasting up to 150 days.

    Preparation for mating

    When a dog is in heat, the owner who plans to breed offspring should think about mating a pet. How many days should pass from the onset of estrus is an individual question for each dog. Records and observations of the dog during the previous period will help to understand when to send a pet for mating. With their help, you can determine auspicious days. This is usually 11-15 days from the onset of estrus.

    It is better to mate before feeding the pets. Prerequisite: the bitch is brought to the male, and not vice versa. During this process, the animals should be in a calm environment, with as few people around as possible. Usually the dogs themselves deal with their amorous affairs. In rare cases, requires the participation of an instructor and a knitting specialist.

    So, the owners of a girl dog should know the following: in the period from six months to two years, the animal should start estrus. If this does not happen, you must show the pet to the veterinarian. The owner should know how long the dog is in heat. This knowledge will help determine the most appropriate time for mating. The owner should be more attentive to the animal at this time. to walk exclusively on a leash, to protect it from participation in exhibitions and competitions. Some pets may have some character changes, this should also be taken into account.

    How to tell if your dog is in heat soon

    Experienced owners know how to determine if a dog is in heat. And what about beginners who keep a pet girl for the first time? If the animal is over 6 months old, you should be on the lookout. To understand that the dog is in heat in the near future, the following signs will help:

      The dog began to shed;
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    The girl pees often;

    Blood blotches may be present in the urine of an animal;

    The behavior of the animal changes radically: an affectionate dog usually becomes a real fury, and a person with character turns into a submissive shy;

    The behavior of the dog before heat can be aggressive towards other bitches;

  • Tags may appear in the apartment.
  • The listed signs of estrus in dogs are not present in every case. It happens that the pet does not behave suspiciously before the time “x”. If the dog has reached the age of six months, the owner will have to be especially vigilant, watching the behavior of the animal, impurities in the urine, the state of the coat.

    Heat in dogs

    • Pregnancy in dogs
    • Dogcatfan
    • 17-04-2018, 18:17

    Sometimes people, choosing a dog for themselves, refuse to buy a female animal because of fear of leaks, pregnancies, unwillingness to attach baby puppies to good hands. However, many problems can be avoided if, ahead of time, when the dog’s first estrus has not yet begun, know about the intricacies of the processes taking place in the body of a sexually mature pet. So, let’s look at the age at which estrus begins in dogs, what are its signs and how the dog behaves in such a difficult period, what kind of assistance should be provided to the animal, what can and cannot be done if the pet is in heat.

    Overview of Canine Heat

    First, let’s find out when to expect a “surprise” from the female. It’s believed that the first estrus in dogs begins between 6 months and 2 years of age. over, in dogs of small breeds, estrus (the correct name for estrus) begins early. at 6, and sometimes even at 5 months. In medium-sized dogs, estrus usually begins at 8-12 months. And in large dogs, estrus occurs later than all. at 1-1.5 years, but sometimes even at 2 years. At the same time, it is impossible to name the exact time when the girl-dog will be ready for procreation.

    AND how old do dogs have estrus? Theoretically, a pet can be ready for future fertilization up to a very respectable age. That is, at 10, and at 15, and even at 20 years old (if the animal manages to live to such an old age) there may be estrus, because the menopause in dogs simply does not exist.

    Now it’s time to find out the duration of this difficult period. How long does estrus last for dogs? small breeds? They usually have estrus for 20 days. In medium-sized dogs and large dogs, estrus can occasionally last up to 30 days. The duration of estrus in dogs may be slightly less than the indicated periods if the pet is elderly, moreover, the amount of discharge from her may be very small.

    In this case, it is customary to divide the cycle into 4 stages, including:

      Proestrus. the period when the canine vulva begins to swell. Lasts about 6-10 days. During proestrus, the canine body is preparing for ovulation, special hormones are released. estrogens, which contribute to the appearance of bloody discharge;

    Estrus. in fact, this is the time when the pet develops an increased interest in doggies-boys. The loop becomes soft, puffiness decreases, the discharge changes to transparent or light pink. This stage in dogs usually lasts 7-9 days, and ovulation occurs on the 2-3rd day of the estrus period. Those owners who do not know on what day of estrus the dog should mate do it from the very first day of estrus, but it is better to wait 2 days after ovulation, when the eggs are formed;

    Metestrus. in the body, ovulation gradually fades away with the help of the hormone progesterone produced. Discharge in the dog during metestrus gradually disappears. The animal ceases to look at males lustfully. This phase lasts for about 7-20 days;

  • Anestrus. dormant time, when the female either bears offspring, or is falsely pregnant, or simply does not want to communicate with four-legged “gentlemen”, if fertilization for some reason did not occur. The duration of anestrus is approximately 5.5 months.
  • To the question, how often dogs are in heat also cannot be answered unequivocally. Usually, domestic bitches have a difficult period twice a year, mainly in spring and autumn (but it also happens in winter and summer). Yard dogs may be in heat once a year (more often in spring).

    Possible problems during estrus in dogs

    Heat in itself is not a disease, but sometimes bitches have problems during this period, which should be reported to the doctor as soon as possible. So, it is not good if the dog has:

      Vomiting and categorical refusal to eat. with estrus the appetite of some bitches decreases, but does not disappear completely. When, after a small snack, the animal’s stomach literally turns inside out, it’s bad. Perhaps the pet has been poisoned, caught an infection, or has a disorder in the work of its internal organs;

    If the time has come for metestrus, and the dog’s discharge does not stop in any way, a hormonal failure may occur;

    Normally, the discharge cannot be green, bright yellow, black. The fetid smell should also alert you. The dog may have an infection or genital inflammation;

  • When a dog’s temperature rises above 39.5 during estrus. 40 degrees is a mess. Most likely, the animal got sick (viral and bacterial infections, allergies, oncology, poisoning, etc.).
  • How to behave if a dog is in heat

    To prevent estrus from becoming a nightmare, the owner of a girl dog will need these tips:

      In order for the pet not to stain furniture, household clothes and carpets with secretions, the animal can wear special protective diapers. Pampers for girls in estrus are chosen in the appropriate size (from the smallest Small to the largest XXL). However, not all pets happily agree to wearing absorbent diapers. To prevent the animal from pulling the diaper with its teeth, it is better to wear overalls, pants or underpants for the dog during estrus;

    If the tailed “lady” is categorically against diapers, it will be necessary to secure all the fabric surfaces in the house if possible: roll up carpets, cover sofas and beds with blankets;

    During estrus, the pet attracts males like a magnet. During the period of “women’s affairs” the dog should be walked only on a leash, reducing the time of the promenade so that the animal has time to fulfill its needs and run a little. Small dogs, accustomed to a home litter box, may not be allowed out into the street at all;

    The behavior of a dog during estrus can unpleasantly surprise its owner: the pet may suddenly “forget” all the commands, although it previously strictly followed them. The owner needs to minimize the contact of the animal with the outside world during estrus;

    During estrus, the canine genitals are prone to infections. Felting in the dust and swimming in open water should be excluded if the animal has estrus;

    Bitches that mature should not participate in shows or competitions, and should not be taken on trips. If you neglect this rule, there will be harm to both the female and the dog, who will certainly feel that there is a “friend” nearby, ready to mate;

    Have you ever seen funny short-legged mestizos born from the union of a large female and a short male (or vice versa)? Do not expect mating to fail if a dog of the “wrong” size is running on the court. It is better to keep the dog on a leash outside the apartment;

    Even if the owner does not mind that the pet becomes pregnant, it is possible to rush to allow the dog to “meet” the males only after the third, at least second estrus, when the dog is older than 1.5 years (otherwise, a too young animal may even die during childbirth or have problems carrying puppies);

  • It is pointless to scold a dog that marks furniture and wallpaper, howls, ignores the words of the owner. It is better to distract the animal, for example, with some kind of game, a kind conversation. It is permissible to slightly soothe the animal with a remedy based on motherwort, valerian, passionflower or Scutellaria baikal (it is advisable to consult a veterinarian before use).
  • Sometimes the dog’s discharge is too sparse for the owner to notice. If against the background of this, the pet behaves quietly, then it happens that the owner does not even know that the dog is in heat. Conversations about the fact that a dog can get pregnant without estrus is sometimes conducted by inexperienced dog breeders. So, pregnancy occurs only during ovulation, which takes place only during estrus. If an inexperienced (in appearance) bitch becomes pregnant, most likely, the owner simply did not notice the discharge.

    What to do if dogs are not in heat

    In some situations, the owner does not want the animal to be in heat (for example, when the dog perceives abstinence from mating too painfully, has poor health for bearing offspring, etc.). To deprive the animal of the opportunity to give birth, sterilization is often carried out by ligating the fallopian tubes. But after such an intervention, estrus will still be present. If you remove the ovaries and uterus at the same time, there will be no heat. When sterilization is carried out correctly, the dog will cease to be of interest to individuals of the opposite sex and will forever lose the opportunity to have offspring.

    Many owners of pet girls are interested in the question: is it possible to spay a dog during estrus? Veterinarians believe that it is better to carry out the intervention to remove the genitals when the hormonal background of the dog returns to normal, that is, during anestrus. Although sometimes sterilization is carried out during estrus, but resorting to the method of laparoscopy, when internal organs are removed through a small incision in the belly of the dog.