Causes cats to itch, skin redness, hair problems. In this case, it is necessary to identify the allergens and get rid of them. To understand what the cat is reacting to, you need to keep a record of the food, after which the animal shows signs of allergy. Usually, in this case, the veterinarian prescribes antihistamines, and in especially severe cases, hormonal therapy is prescribed.
The remedies that are good for treating this condition in humans are not always effective for the cat’s eyes. But if there is an albucide solution in your first-aid kit, it will significantly alleviate the pet’s suffering, relieve swelling and begin to fight the pathogenic environment that injures the animal’s eye. Tetracycline ointment will also help the kitten fight unpleasant symptoms. You need to use these funds, like people, twice a day, until complete recovery.
In the veterinary pharmacy, you can purchase special products that are prescribed by the doctor after the examination. All doses are aimed specifically at treating the disease in cats and will be more effective for them. All preventive measures that a person can take to avoid this problem again is to remove all household chemicals and cosmetics in places that are closed from cats. Get rid of plants that cause allergies, wet clean as often as possible, remove molds. Pet nutrition plays an important role, which also needs to be normalized.
Why are my eyes watery
There is physiological and pathological lacrimation. The first is the accumulation of a small amount of dried tear fluid in the corners of the eyes. It looks like brown or brownish brown crusts. It occurs for a number of reasons:
- Age. In small kittens, in the first days of life, the organs of vision are still closed. When they erupt, tears flow profusely, which is considered a natural process and lasts no longer than a week. To prevent infection, it is recommended to rinse your pet’s eyes with warm, clean water.
- Eye contact with fur. Often found in long-haired breeds.
- Irritation. If dust, tobacco smoke and some other substances get on the mucous membranes of the eyes.
- Predisposition. A similar trait is often found in Scottish, British, Persian and some other breeds.
- Dry air.
- Sleep. The release of a small amount of tears after sleep is considered a normal option.
In all of the above cases, the pet’s well-being remains normal. No hygiene and medical procedures are required.
Pathological lacrimation is observed in almost any eye disease. The animal experiences significant discomfort, can sneeze, squint and rub its eyes with its paws.
Here is a list of the most common reasons:
- Neoplasms of the eyeball.
- Parasitic infection. Discharge appears due to intoxication of the body.
- Pathology of the internal structures of the eye.
- Fungal infection.
- Cataract or glaucoma.
- Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).
- Allergic reaction (mainly to household chemicals).
- Conjunctivitis. inflammation of the outer lining of the eye.
- Keratitis ─ inflammation of the cornea, which is accompanied by opacity and ulceration.
- Corneal injury.
- Increased formation of tear fluid.
- Developmental anomalies of the visual organs.
- Obstruction of the nasolacrimal canal. The hair around the eyes turns brownish (so-called “lacrimal pathways” are formed). Common in certain breeds (British, Persian, Sphynx, and others).
- A cat’s eyelid twist. It bends in the other direction, the mucous membrane is irritated by hair and eyelashes.
- Chemical and thermal burns.
- Foreign body ingress.
- Viral respiratory diseases (calicivirus or herpesvirus infections). At first, the discharge is clear and mucous, but later becomes purulent. Other characteristic symptoms are present: poor appetite, lethargy, nasal discharge, sneezing.
What to do
If you notice that the corner of the cat’s eye has turned white, it’s time to see your veterinarian. The prolapse of the third century is only a sign of an animal’s health problems. It is possible that the blinker membrane will return to its place on its own, but in most cases this pathology requires drug treatment.
Attention! In order for the doctor to have a complete picture of the disease, do not treat the pet yourself. The main examination method is the use of an ophthalmoscope
The doctor examines the patient and takes swabs of lacrimal or purulent discharge to determine if there is infection. Depending on the test results, treatment will be prescribed
The main examination method is the use of an ophthalmoscope. The doctor examines the patient and takes swabs of lacrimal or purulent discharge to determine if there is an infection. Depending on the test results, treatment will be prescribed.
- Disease of bacterial, viral and fungal etiology involves complex therapy using antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal drugs. When the condition is neglected, it is possible to use antipyretic and immunostimulants.
- In case of problems with the gastrointestinal tract, it is enough to normalize food. At the beginning of treatment, use special medicinal feed.
- For allergies, antihistamines are prescribed, as well as local hormonal therapy.
- If the appearance of a white film on the eye is associated with the ingress of a foreign body on the cornea, rinsing is performed; in severe cases, the foreign stimulus is surgically removed.
- For mechanical injuries, pain relief and local wound treatment are indicated.
Any treatment takes time, during which time the cat needs to be completely calm.
The complete course is very important, and not limited to initial improvements in the condition.
Medication is not necessarily used for blinking membrane prolapse. A number of cases do not require medication:
- The appearance of a white eye against a background of decreased immunity. In this case, there will be no discharge from the eyes. It is enough to provide the animal with a balanced diet rich in vitamins.
- The recovery period after a viral or infectious disease. In this case, it is necessary to regularly rinse the cat’s eyes in order to remove exudate.
- In case of dehydration: provide the pet with water and moist food.
Eye diseases transmitted from cats
Feline ophthalmic diseases themselves are not contagious, but remember that they can be secondary symptoms of more serious ailments. For example, with chlamydia, purulent conjunctivitis is very often diagnosed, which contributes to the transmission of infection to a person.
Be aware that eye diseases in cats can be contagious to other pets. This is especially true for those species that are caused by parasites, fungi and other infectious pathogens. Naturally, you should not be afraid of every feline eye pathology. Many eye diseases in cats are caused by harmless causes, such as improper animal care, injury, or an allergic reaction.
Panophthalmitis, a serious lesion of the entire eye
There are many diseases of the eye in cats, the treatment of which must be prompt and timely. Otherwise, serious complications develop, one of which is panophthalmitis. The disease affects all eye tissues. It is rarely registered. Panophthalmitis is progressing rapidly. For a month, the cat loses not only sight, but also the eye as a whole. In order to prevent a fatal outcome, you urgently need to seek help from a veterinarian.
- puffiness and redness of the eye;
- discharge of pus;
- eversion of the century;
- inability to completely open or close the eye;
- the growth of yellow crusts on the eyelids;
- loss of eyelashes;
- increased body temperature;
If the diagnosis of panophthalmitis is confirmed, the veterinarian removes the affected eyeball. The eyelids are stitched together. This is necessary to prevent inflammation from affecting the brain. If you refuse the operation, the cat will die.
Panophthalmitis is not an independent pathology. The disease develops due to a long absence of therapy for keratitis, blepharitis, conjunctivitis, and so on. If your cat has increased lacrimation, you need to contact a professional veterinary clinic. A timely diagnosis facilitates therapy and accelerates recovery. Ignoring symptoms leads to loss of an eye or death of the pet.
Quite a common occurrence in cats when there is a clouding of the lens of the eye. The lens is a natural clear lens. Light passes through a clear lens without refraction. The image reaches the retina and then processes the brain.
If the natural lens is clouded, brain cells will not be able to process the image correctly. Bright, shiny eyes indicate the absence of the disease. But they, like people, get sick, get old, lose their eyesight. The main symptoms of cataracts are clouding of the eye and tightening of the veil.
Feline Eye Problems | Symptoms & Causes | Dr. Bill’s Pet Nutrition
Cataracts are common in cats
General information about diagnostics
In most cases, the diagnosis can be made more or less reliably at home, based on visible clinical signs. But it is still better to play it safe and apply more accurate diagnostic methods:
- Sowing smears on nutrient media. So you can accurately identify a specific causative agent of the disease and prescribe the only suitable treatment.
- Using drops containing sodium fluorescein. This is a special pigment. When source of weak UV radiation is directed into the eye where this drug was previously dripped, then all ulcers, small wounds and other defects are brightly highlighted. Sometimes even some microorganisms “shine”.
The choroid provides nutrients and oxygen to all tissues and cells of the eyeball. Its inflammation is called uveitis. This is not only an extremely painful pathology that severely affects the general condition of the animal. If the disease is left untreated, it will almost certainly lead to complete or partial blindness of your pet. There are a lot of reasons for this pathology, here are just a few of them:
- Autoimmune diseases.
- Tumors of benign or malignant etiology.
- Metabolic disorders.
- Infections of unknown etiology.
Finally, various viruses are a fairly common cause of uveitis. For example, these include the causative agent of feline leukemia, feline immune deficiency, and even infectious peritonitis. So this disease can be a terrible harbinger of dangerous pathologies that lead not to blindness, but to death! By the way, the main symptoms are as follows:
- Cats’ eyes turn red so much that they look like albino rabbits.
- The pupil “shrinks” strongly, or becomes uneven, blurry.
- The eyeball itself can swell a lot.
- The eyes are not only red in appearance but also cloudy.
Accordingly, therapy largely depends on both the manifestations of the disease and its causes. Drops are instilled into the eyes to reduce inflammation, and pain relievers are prescribed orally. Depending on the etiology, the animal is injected with antibiotics, other antimicrobial or antifungal drugs. In some cases, the use of corticosteroids is allowed. If there is a real risk of developing glaucoma, your veterinarian may recommend surgical removal of the eye.
As we said, this is the name of the inflammation of the conjunctiva. The main symptomatology is the release of large amounts of exudate, and this can be both relatively harmless watery outflows, and pus. Therapy, ultimately, consists in eliminating the pathogenic microflora that causes the inflammatory process. But not only infectious agents may be responsible for it.
In many cases, this disease is caused by the feline herpes virus. Since this infection is incurable (the pathogen remains in the body forever), inflammation of the eyes in such animals can occur after any more or less severe stress. But do not forget that the cause of conjunctivitis may well be an allergy or even chlamydia. I would also like to note an interesting statistic: many practicing veterinarians claim that purebred cats are more prone to this disease. What is the reason, it’s hard to say.
In general, the average cat lover does not need to understand the symptoms of each disease described above, but the most characteristic signs are still worth knowing:
- Redness and swelling. almost 100% guarantee of inflammation.
- Strabismus (this is how glaucoma often begins).
- Discharge from the eyes is an alarming symptom. over, it is not at all necessary that pus will ooze from the eye, since the constant leakage of a watery secretion also indicates a serious inflammatory reaction.
- Pain. The cat sometimes howls, just hitting the eyelid with a paw.
- If the cat constantly scratches and rubs the eyelids, then there is nothing good in this.
- In the morning, it may turn out that your pet cannot open its eyes. In this case, the eyelids are firmly “seized” by dried pus.
- Photosensitivity (aversion to bright light).
- Any opacity of the cornea, “white film” on it, indicates the possibility of glaucoma or keratitis.
As we already wrote, inflammation of the eyelids is called blepharitis. It must be remembered that in this case we are not talking about the outer, but about their inner surface (palpebral conjunctiva). Here are the signs that indicate the presence of the disease:
- Scaly, flaky skin around the eyes.
- The itching is so severe that the cat intensively scratches these areas, additionally scratching and irritating the skin.
- Discharge from the eyes, which may be watery, slimy, or purulent.
- Swelling and thickening of tissues, the third eyelid may appear in the corner of the eye.
- The appearance of completely hairless areas on the eyelids, where the skin is very “fragile”, easily tears with the slightest pressure.
- Hair loss both on the eyelids themselves and in the “border” areas.
- Affected skin with blepharitis often “fade”, losing pigment.
- Formation of multiple papules (pictured).
- Formation of pustules.
- Ptosis, i.e. drooping of the upper eyelid.
The therapeutic strategy will depend on the immediate underlying cause of the disease. If it was not possible to identify it, a symptomatic approach to treatment is used. For example, warm compresses, which are applied for 10-15 minutes several times a day, have proven themselves well. Leaking exudate can be removed using sterile saline solution. Of course, antibiotics and other antimicrobial agents are prescribed along the way.
Unfortunately, conservative treatment does not help in all cases. So, if a tumor (even a benign one) contributed to the development of blepharitis, it urgently needs to be removed. In the case when the disease is of viral origin (herpes), antiviral agents are used in the form of drops, and other manifestations are treated only symptomatically. Inflammation of allergic etiology is treated with both antihistamines and immunosuppressants.
Diseases of the eyes in cats: varieties and methods of treating pathologies
“Eyes are the mirror of the soul”. this quote is known to almost everyone. It is not known whether cats have it, but everyone knows for sure that they can determine the state of health of the animal. And it will not be difficult for even a completely inexperienced breeder to identify many eye diseases in cats, since their signs are extremely characteristic. But not all cat lovers know about the varieties of these pathologies. This article will cover some aspects of a very broad topic.
This is the name of the process of inflammation, irritation and swelling of the cornea. Since the tissues of the affected organ dehydrate in this case, the disease is often called “dry eye”. Until now, certain causes of keratitis have not been adequately studied, but pathology can certainly be provoked by:
- Feline herpes virus.
- Foreign body that has damaged the cornea.
- Eye injury.
- Local or general infections.
- Ulcerative keratitis. Most often it develops against the background of mechanical damage to the cornea, there is a thorn.
- Chronic degenerative keratitis is most common in certain breeds (for example, Siamese cats). Thus, in some cases, we can talk about a hereditary predisposition.
- Eosinophilic keratitis. A characteristic feature is the pinkish tint of the cornea, which then turns out to be covered with a whitish film. These eye diseases are especially dangerous in kittens, which, if they appear, may remain blind.
Keratitis can only be defeated if it is detected early enough. How to treat this disease? In the most typical cases, broad Spectra antibiotics and antiviral drugs are used. Sometimes means to strengthen the immune system help. If keratitis appears against the background of feline herpes, this technique may not work. In this case, the disease gradually progresses, deep ulcers may appear on the cornea. Only supportive therapy can more or less preserve the quality of life. Everything is completely the same in the advanced stages of the disease.
How to treat
This therapy is usually beneficial. If the intraocular pressure does not decrease or increases, an operation is prescribed.
Blepharitis in cats
Eye inflammation in cats is associated with blepharitis. when the eyelids become inflamed and the eyes fester. The disease has three forms:
How to recognize blepharitis: the eyelids turn red, swell, gray scales are visible in the places where the cilia grow, from which pus flows. Ulcerative blepharitis is an advanced form of scaly. The purulent crusts dry up, and ulcers form under them. Meibomian. inflammation of the canal (as with barley in humans).
How to help in the presence of this eye disease in cats: the eyes should be cleaned of pus with a decoction of chamomile, the eyelids should be treated with an antibiotic ointment. Detailed treatment is prescribed by the veterinarian after the analysis of the scraping, because blepharitis is caused by ticks, fungus, allergies. Accordingly, the therapy will differ.
Corneal ulcer in a cat
The ulcer is treated exclusively with the help of a veterinarian. In no case try to treat it yourself. you will waste time and provoke complications. With an ulcer, the cornea becomes inflamed, the epithelium dies off and an eye defect forms. If the cat is squinting, leaking from the eye, it reacts badly to light. immediately contact your veterinarian. Advanced eye inflammation in cats can lead to corneal ulcers. Timely referral to a specialist will help to avoid surgery and preserve the cat’s eyesight.
The disease is associated with high intraocular pressure. hurts the pet, leads to visual impairment, often to blindness.
With glaucoma, the cat’s eyes flow, sensitivity to light appears, the pupil does not change size under different lighting conditions, the cornea swells, and in a chronic form the eyeball is bursting. It is impossible to diagnose glaucoma without a veterinarian. only he measures intraocular pressure.
Diseases of the eyes in cats: symptoms and treatment, photo
The eyes tell you about the health of the cat. When buying a kitten, immediately pay attention to its eyes. They should be clean and shiny. The eyes of cats are affected by various diseases. There are many of them, and they are divided into diseases of the eyeball and a group of diseases of the eyelids. About the treatment of eyes, the symptoms of most cat eye diseases with a demonstration in the photo, what is provoked and what danger they pose. we recommend that every owner know.
Inflammation of the eyes in cats can indicate such diseases:
- cat’s thorn
- blepharitis in cats
- prolapse of the third eyelid in cats
- glaucoma in cats
- corneal sequestration
- corneal ulcer in a cat.
Diseases of the eyes in cats with a detailed description of the signs and methods of treatment. further in the article.
Cat leucorrhoea therapy
Of the traditional methods of treatment, it is effective to instill the eyes with an aqueous solution based on high-quality honey. A few drops a day can cure a cat.
If the thorn causes the development of glaucoma, the eye is removed.
Eyesore in cats treatment and symptoms
One of the most common feline diseases. If you notice a cloudiness or a white spot. without a doubt, this is a thorn. Belmo in cats develops due to abnormalities in the cornea (infections or injuries), almost always leads to partial loss of vision. Leukocytes, lipids or proteins can accumulate inside the eye, advanced inflammation and cataracts inevitably lead to a thorn.
The symptom of the disease is clear, and it is not difficult to diagnose the disease. A white or cloudy spot appears in the central part or along the edge or throughout the eye.
Description: lens opacity. It responds poorly to treatment, often leads to blindness. The disease is associated with a violation of substances in the lens with increased breakdown of protein components. Causes: injuries, infections, chronic inflammation of the eyes.
The main signs are:
- turbidity of the eye. it is, as it were, covered with a whitish cloudy film;
- dilated pupil that does not respond to light.
Description: inflammation of the lacrimal sac with impaired patency of the nasolacrimal canal due to its narrowing. Occurs often after prolonged conjunctivitis.
The main signs are:
- mucous or purulent discharge;
- swelling in the outer upper corner of the eye orbit;
- swelling of the upper eyelid;
- enlargement of the lacrimal gland to the point of probing it;
- abscesses (accumulation of pus in the tissues around the eye).
Classification of diseases of the organ of vision in cats
Conventionally, all eye diseases in cats are divided into two large groups:
- diseases and damage to the protective devices of the organ of vision;
- diseases and damage to the organ of vision itself (or the eyeball).
To roughly understand the principle of classification of diseases, it is enough to pay attention to the structure of the feline organ of vision (see diagram):
Third eyelid prolapse
Description: It is often a secondary symptom accompanying some infectious and parasitic diseases of the eyes of cats, as well as with inflammation of the optic nerve. During sleep, a visible third eyelid is normal.
The main signs are:
- “Influx” of the eyelid to the eye (sometimes up to one third of the entire visual area).
Description: an inflammatory process that penetrates into the eyeball through the ulcerated cornea.
The main signs are:
- severe soreness;
- purulent discharge;
- penetrating corneal ulcers;
- increased body temperature;
- cloudy eyes.
Inversion of the eyelids
Description: a consequence of some eye diseases (blepharitis, conjunctivitis, etc.), as well as the genetic predisposition of some feline breeds (Persians and Sphynxes).
The main signs are:
- visual twist of the eyelid into the eye;
- irritation of the eyeball in the form of redness;
- blepharospasm (reflex closing of the eyelids and closing of the eye at the slightest tactile or light effect on it due to spasm of the round muscle);
- ulcers on the cornea in places of constant contact with the eyelid;
Photos and descriptions of diseases and injuries directly to the organ of vision
Description: a very rare and especially serious disease in which absolutely all parts and tissues of the eye are involved in the purulent process.
The main signs are:
- profuse purulent discharge;
- enlargement of the eyeball;
- redness of all internal mucous membranes of the eye;
- clouding of the cornea;
- decreased or loss of vision.
Symptoms of unhealthy cats
Despite the fact that it is quite difficult to determine the cause of the disease without a doctor, it is very easy to notice that a cat is unwell. The main common symptoms of cat disease are as follows:
- drastic change in behavior,
- disheveled appearance,
- bowel disorders,
- the desire to hide in a dark, quiet place,
- discharge from the eyes,
- nasal discharge,
- lack or increased appetite,
- weight disturbances in any direction,
The skin of a cat is susceptible to many diseases that can be of a different nature. Some of them are contagious to humans, which is why any skin diseases should be treated as soon as possible.
- Scabies is caused by a parasite that dwells in the thickness of the skin and gnaws through the passages in it. The disease can spread to a person. Symptoms of the disease: severe itching at the site of the lesion, breaking off the hair in a sore spot and scratching. The animal becomes restless, loses its appetite, becomes exhausted and generally worsens. Treatment is carried out using antiparasitic drugs.
- Dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease, accompanied by itching, redness, swelling and rashes in the form of bubbles with a clear liquid. The causes of the disease can be very different. Therapy is aimed at relieving inflammation, at the same time, prophylactic intake of antiallergic drugs is carried out.
- Pyoderma is a purulent inflammation of the skin, manifested by the presence of pustules of various sizes. Most often, they do not have a clear localization.
Therapy, depending on the disease, differs markedly and is determined by the veterinarian.
Pathology of the cardiovascular system
Diseases of the cardiovascular system are common in cats, especially in aging.
- Vascular atherosclerosis. this pathology affects cats over the age of 12, suffering from obesity. It occurs most often as a complication after infectious diseases or invasions.
- Myocarditis is a disease in which the heart muscle becomes inflamed. Symptoms include depression of the cat, increased body temperature, lack of appetite and high blood pressure. Without treatment, the disease is most often fatal.
- Endocarditis is an inflammatory process in the inner lining of the heart muscle. The cause of the disease has not been precisely established. Pathology is manifested by a depressed state, exhaustion, increased body temperature and heart failure.
- Pericarditis is an inflammatory process in the tissues of the pericardium. It appears as a complication of an infectious disease, as well as with very strong stress, severe hypothermia and exhaustion. Symptoms are similar to endocarditis.
- Myocardosis is a disease that leads to irregular heartbeat and circulatory failure. Manifested by anemia, edema and low blood pressure.
Treatment of cardiac pathologies includes complex therapy aimed at improving the state of blood vessels and heart muscle, correcting pulse disorders and ensuring sufficient oxygen metabolism in the tissues. Self-treatment without contacting a veterinarian is impossible.
What are the diseases in cats?
Cats, like all pets, get sick from time to time. If the problem is identified immediately, the pet receives timely therapy and in most cases it manages to regain health. Therefore, it is important for every owner to know the symptoms and treatment of diseases in cats.
Since all feline diseases, due to their abundance, are familiar only to specialists, the owner of a four-legged pet will only need to understand the basic feline health problems in order to have a good idea of what kind of help you can provide yourself, and when you need to contact a veterinarian.
In cats, eye disease is a fairly common problem that, with timely diagnosis, can be treated very successfully.
- Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye caused by dirt. It is manifested by purulent discharge and the desire of the animal to cover the eye. It is treated with antibiotics.
- Corneal ulcer is a complication of corneal trauma that appears when it becomes infected.
- Blepharitis is an inflammatory process in the tissues of the eyelid, in the absence of timely therapy, turning into a purulent form. The affected area turns red and flakes. Antibiotic treatment.
7 Common Eye Problems in Cats
In the absence of timely treatment, there is a high risk that the cat will go blind.
Respiratory system diseases
This problem most often, like in humans, appears during the cold season. Its causes are cat hypothermia and viral infections. In the overwhelming majority of cases, diseases of the upper respiratory tract occur. The best disease prevention is maintaining the overall health of your pets.
- Rhinitis or runny nose is quite common for free-range cats. A sick animal has mucous nasal discharge, impaired nasal breathing and sneezing. In severe cases, an increase in body temperature and a deterioration in appetite are possible. Treatment is with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. With timely therapy, the disease does not pose a danger.
- Bronchitis. like in humans, the disease is an inflammatory process in the bronchi, in which there is a strong cough of a spasmodic nature, hard breathing, and with an acute course, an increase in temperature. Most often, the disease affects kittens and old animals, as well as cats, whose body is severely weakened. Treatment is carried out with broad Spectra antibiotics and antispasmodic drugs.
- Laryngitis is a disease of the respiratory system that affects the laryngeal mucosa. A sick pet has a sore larynx, cough, and general lethargy. Due to the pain, appetite may decrease to some extent. The animal begins to give preference to liquid food.
- Pneumonia is the most serious illness of the respiratory system. A sick cat is observed: a sharp fluctuation in body temperature, severe disturbances in the work of the heart, apathy, weakness and breathing disorders. Veterinarians have a whole table of pneumonia symptoms that helps to determine the degree of the disease as accurately as possible.
Treating diseases of the respiratory system is required immediately, immediately after their detection.
Diseases of the teeth
The main problem is tartar, which, if not removed promptly, leads to tooth loss. It is quite easy to notice plaque on the teeth. On visual inspection, it is clearly visible and looks like a grayish ridge at the base of the tooth. The procedure for removing the stone is carried out in a veterinary clinic.