Large pieces can scratch mucous membranes, get stuck in the throat and provoke an attack of suffocation.
These diseases kill many stray and domestic animals around the world every year. Problems can be avoided by giving your dog bones sparingly and in moderation.
Is it possible to give chicken bones to a shepherd dog?
Chicken, duck, goose, turkey and rabbit bones are prohibited for domestic dogs. Fragile, hollow inside the bone when gnawed, form sharp edges that can easily cut the stomach and scratch the throat. The consequences are gastric bleeding and costly surgery. than possible in this case, a lethal outcome.
What bones can and can not be sheepdogs
It is not recommended to give boiled and fried bones to dogs. In the process of cooking, they lose all useful properties, become brittle and easily crumble. This is what often becomes the cause of constipation and intestinal obstruction.
Can a shepherd dog pork bones?
Pig meat and bones should not be fed to dogs, especially German shepherds, which have a hereditary predisposition to diseases of the pancreas. In addition, eating raw pork meat and bone marrow can lead to infection with parasites and pseudo-rabies virus. Infectious meningoencephalitis is a viral disease that is dangerous for both pets and humans.
Diseases of the intestinal and digestive tract
An unbalanced diet leads to a violation of the acidity level, as a result, bones cannot be digested and excreted naturally. This leads to trauma to the intestinal walls, blockage of the stomach and large intestine.
The opinion of experts about the inclusion of bones in the diet is radically different from the opinion of ordinary owners. Veterinarians consider them to be of little use, harmful to the health of dogs.
Some of the common problems that excessive bone cravings lead to include:
What bones can be given to shepherd dogs
What bones can be given to shepherd dogs is a question that interests many novice dog owners. The popular belief is that bones, along with meat, are great for everyday animal feed. But not everyone knows that a sugar seed, instead of a good mood, can give a pet serious health problems.
Is it possible to give pearl barley to a German shepherd?
All experienced dog handlers agree that it is impossible to feed a shepherd with pearl barley porridge. This cereal is almost unaffected by canine digestive enzymes, and inflames the walls of the organs that make up the digestive system, leading to diarrhea. For this reason, even well-cooked barley porridge does not need to supplement your dog’s diet. their body is simply not designed for such a meal.
What cereals can be given to a German shepherd
Many novice dog owners make a serious mistake in transferring their nutritional experience to their pets. Not all plant cultures that a person can assimilate will be useful for a pet.
Pearl barley or millet groats are almost not digested by the dog, and come out undigested.
It is also not recommended to give semolina porridge, since it is devoid of most of the nutrients contained in the shell of wheat grain. But it can be used as a tonic. it is easily absorbed and contains minimal amounts of fiber.
It is better to use rice or buckwheat as the best option. Rice groats are a dietary product that does not cause allergies, it must be prepared so that the grains easily crumble and do not stick together, and do not contain too much water. Rice has several benefits:
- increased nutrients. magnesium, iron, calcium, zinc, potassium;
- Benefit for health. Strengthens blood vessels, maintains the stable functioning of the heart, musculoskeletal system and nervous system;
- nutritional value. The kernels are boiled and grow significantly in size, a relatively small amount of rice will be enough to satisfy the dog’s appetite.
- reduced consumption compensates for the relatively high cost.
Rice slime is a very useful substance. It exhibits a pronounced absorbent effect. If the pet is poisoned, the owner should feed or put some of this liquid in the throat with a syringe. it will alleviate the symptoms and increase the likelihood of a successful treatment.
A shepherd dog should not be fed with one type of porridge. a dog, just like a person, does not accept the constant use of the same food. Therefore, rice can be alternated with buckwheat. Unfried buckwheat contains many useful substances, strengthening the nervous system and supporting the musculoskeletal system.
What cereals can not be given to a German shepherd
Every pet owner should know which cereals should not be used. Even if you cook porridge correctly, it will provoke allergies, digestive system disorders and cause a number of other negative effects. You cannot feed a German shepherd with such cereals:
- Corn. It is very poorly absorbed and often causes allergies. Giving it to a German shepherd puppy is strictly prohibited, as this can weaken the immune system and provide a basis for the development of enteritis and other intestinal infections;
- Barley. Cannot be digested by the dog, causes diarrhea and upset the entire digestive system;
- Millet. It is also not recommended, since it is poorly absorbed and contains a minimum of nutrients.
Not knowing what cereals can be fed to the shepherd, the owners use boiled wheat. It is really nutritious, but it often causes allergies, accompanied by a deterioration in the pet’s well-being and other unpleasant consequences.
Cereals and cereals in the diet of the German shepherd
Before purchasing a pet, be sure to find out what cereals can be given to dogs. German shepherds. Dogs of this breed are very active and require constant physical activity, so they need quality food that could provide them with the necessary energy and nutritional components.
Dogs are omnivores, so both plant foods and meat are good for them. Thanks to this, you can feed the German Shepherd with cereals based on various cereals, but you cannot cook everything in a row, since the pet will not be able to digest some of them. Best to provide mixed meals.
What cereals can be given to a German shepherd puppy
Growing up dogs are more demanding and vulnerable than adults. They need a large amount of nutritious food that contains the full range of essential nutrients and vitamins. They can be fed with milk porridge, but you cannot give pearl barley to a puppy either.
The groats prepared for a young dog should be thoroughly boiled, necessarily supplemented with meat and vitamin supplements.
If the owner dilutes food with dry food, then for the smallest puppies it is recommended to soak it with warm water. In the absence of an allergic reaction, you can feed your baby with oatmeal. Add to the porridge:
Feeding should be fractional, since the baby will not be able to eat a lot in one go.
It is impossible to give food to a shepherd puppy only twice a day as an adult, because in this case his body cannot grow properly. The baby will try to eat as much as possible, as a result of which he will develop a strong craving for food. An excess of food eaten at one time will not be able to digest, and a significant part will not be absorbed.
Can a shepherd dog Hercules?
This mixture is based on oatmeal, which in turn is an allergen. Before you feed your baby, you need to know what his reaction will be. To do this, you can add a little Hercules to your regular diet. Reddened ears and flaking of the skin will be a sign of intolerance. In the absence of a reaction, you can safely feed a puppy or an adult pet with such porridge.
What can be added to porridge?
The boiled cereal itself is of little interest to the pet, since it does not have a tasty smell. But if you add vegetable oil, quality boneless meat and vegetables to its composition, you can prepare nutritious and healthy food that your pet will quickly love. It contains no preservatives or other harmful substances, so such nutrition is the best option.
German Shepherd Porridge should contain ingredients of natural origin to provide your dog with the necessary energy.
It is impossible to feed it with naked wheat grits, because due to a lack of vitamins, the pet will soon begin to have serious health problems.
- Beef. It is less fatty than pork and healthier than chicken;
- Chicken necks or carcasses. They contain a maximum of useful trace elements and are devoid of tubular bones that are dangerous for the dog’s esophagus;
- By-products. Easy to boil, provide good nutrition, but cannot serve as a complete substitute for meat.
Often the owners of German Shepherds believe that it is enough to cook porridge with chicken legs. They are really useful for the growing body, since they contain a large amount of calcium and gelatin, which is necessary to strengthen the skeleton, but they are not very rich in nutrients.
Cereals contain a lot of useful substances, but in order for the pet’s body to assimilate them, he must eat porridge in a well-cooked form. When preparing delicious food for your pet, you need to follow several recommendations:
- If vegetables and meat are added to the composition, they must be boiled in advance for 10-20 minutes (depending on the type). Useful substances will be boiled down into broth, and then absorbed into cereals;
- Add salt and sunflower oil. Fresh food is not so interesting for the dog, if you add salt to it, you will improve the taste and provide the pet’s body with the salt necessary for its body. A tablespoon of sunflower oil in a saucepan will improve the taste and smell, and prevent the grains from sticking together into a single lump. The shepherd needs to cook food no less thoroughly than yourself.
- Consider the peculiarities of the croup. It is recommended to pour buckwheat separately with boiling water before adding it to the pan and hold for 10 minutes, and the rice must be constantly stirred, since it is prone to burning. Oatmeal should never be left unattended on the stove.
Another important requirement is that you cannot be lazy and ignore the porridge. Without stirring, the cereal will stick together into a single lump, and it will be difficult for the shepherd to eat it. And if the rice or oatmeal is burnt, then the pet may refuse it altogether, and it is dangerous to give such food to the puppy.
Do not add to porridge: flour products, potatoes, legumes, citrus fruits, grapes, sorrel, sweets, smoked meats and pickled foods, small bird bones, sausages.
All this is either poorly absorbed, or in one form or another harm the dog’s body.
Is it possible to give bones to a puppy 2 months and older?
For a dog, a bone is not a complete lunch or a hearty dinner, but just entertainment that allows you to have fun and enjoyment. It is not at all necessary to include bones in the pet’s diet, since they do not carry any special benefits and can be easily replaced with special toys that deliver no less joy and, at the same time, are devoid of various potential dangers.
If you want to know if it is possible to give bones to a puppy at 2 months of age and at an older age, we are ready to answer: yes, it is possible (if the owner really wants it), but carefully. Although it is better not to give them at any age. Why?
The puppy may choke on a bone, get damaged intestines or stomach, suffer from regular constipation or diarrhea. Follow the links to get detailed information on what misfortunes this seemingly harmless and such a familiar delicacy leads to.
First of all, let’s decide when and at what age can a puppy be given bones without fear of harming his health? As we already wrote above, after 2 months the puppy can occasionally be allowed to gnaw on a tasty bone. But no matter how many months your pet is, it is important to choose the right bones for him, which can be relatively fearlessly offered to him.
So, what bones can you give to a puppy of a German shepherd, husky, alabai and any other large or miniature breed?
Subject to the five above recommendations, the puppy can be pampered with a tasty bone already from 2, 3, 4 months, but often this should not be done. once every two weeks is enough. Be on the alert, do not leave the dog alone for a long time with a bone, even the largest and, in your opinion, strong. Your task: to make sure that he does not start chewing on it and swallowing pieces. Only in this way are you guaranteed to avoid potential troubles and save your pet from serious problems.
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The dog has a bone stuck in his throat
Essential Vitamin Complexes for German Shepherds: From Toddlers to Seniors
For the full development and proper functioning of the musculoskeletal system, as well as maintaining the immune system, the German Shepherd, like any other purebred dogs, must be given various vitamins and supplements from an early age.
There are vitamins that are specifically designed for German Shepherds. Vitamins can be purchased in pill form, and the pet can receive them with food. But it is important to remember that in order to know what vitamins to give your pet, you need to pay attention to many factors: age, the presence of diseases or abnormalities, the degree of activity, etc.
High in liver, yeast, and dairy products. With a lack of this group of vitamins, the shepherd’s metabolism is disturbed, problems with the coat appear.
Retinol (vitamin A)
Retinol is found in carrots, liver, apples, milk. It is responsible for the metabolism of mucous membranes and skin, as well as for immunity.
Retinol (Vitamin A) is found in carrots and should be given to your German Shepherd.
Phylloquinone (vitamin K)
Contained in herbs: lettuce, nettle and cabbage. Responsible for blood clotting.
Calciferol (Vitamin D)
It is found in some herbs, seafood, cottage cheese, vegetable oil, fermented milk products, cheese and is responsible for the absorption of phosphorus and calcium. With a lack of it, the dog may develop rickets.
Vitamins for German Shepherds
As mentioned earlier, many vitamins are found in regular foods. Having determined the necessary vitamins, you can make up the pet’s diet so that it is saturated with these components.
Vitamins for puppies
So, if your dog’s age is from 2 to 5 months, then the following vitamins will be useful for your pet:
- Calcium gluconate. This vitamin is sold in pill form and is given to a puppy at one month of age;
- Phosphorus. This vitamin is responsible for the strength of bones and is good for the puppy’s joints, which is extremely important in the early stages of development, since the skeleton of the dog is not yet formed and is not strong;
- Glucosamine. Responsible for the correct formation of cartilage and ligaments;
- Honda sulfate;
- Calcium glycerophosphate. Is a mineral supplement for puppies under 1 year old.
Like many medicines, the use of these vitamins can lead to upset of the gastrointestinal tract, therefore, tablets should be given to the puppy with sour milk products.
How to make a German Shepherd heavy bone from low bone / How to increase puppy health
For puppies, you can find sources of vitamins in various foods, such as: meat products (B1, B2, B6 and B12), dairy (A and B2), cereals (B1, B2, B6, PP and E), vegetable fats (vitamin E ), animal fats (A and D). The correct diet of the German Shepherd is balanced with all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
In combination, natural products containing vitamins with tablets will help the puppy develop and receive all the components necessary for his body.
GERMAN SHEPHERD OWNER’S REMINDER
Place a puppy, and an adult dog, must be organized in a convenient corner: not on the aisle, not by the battery and not at the door (entrance, balcony). The bedding can be a mattress, a rug, and a pillowcase on top. Keep the litter clean. For convenience, it is recommended to have several replaceable pillowcases on the bedding, periodically change them and wash them.
If you decide to keep your dog outdoors, then you need to build a spacious enclosure with a wooden floor covering, with a roof and a convenient and comfortable booth inside that reliably protects the dog from drafts and rain. Now there are many companies that provide services for the construction of dog enclosures.
2.1. Hair care. Brush the coat several times a week with a special medium-hard slicker brush and a rake brush. In spring and summer, you can wipe the dog’s coat with burdock (adds shine). It is recommended to wash the dog in case of heavy pollution (the best option is 3 times a year. spring, summer, autumn (do not wash in winter) with cosmetics, and in case of street pollution. with plain water). From cosmetic products we can recommend shampoos of the company “8 in 1”. Protect from drafts after bathing. After washing, wipe the dog’s coat thoroughly.
2.2. Ear care. Clean your ears at least 1 time per month with a damp cotton swab or use special ear cleaners. In normal condition, the inner side of the ear is smooth, with a small amount of light, odorless sulfur. If you notice weeping or dark discharge, an unpleasant odor, redness, the dog shakes his head, and often scratches his ear with his paw. this indicates ear inflammation. In this case, a veterinarian’s consultation is required.
2.3. Dental care. Brush your teeth about once every 3 months (use toothpaste or toothpaste without a strong taste and smell, or a special toothpaste for dogs). You can also use special bones with fluoride for cleaning your teeth, and special artificial bones (“buffalo bones”, tendons) are also very good for these purposes, in addition, it is also a good massage for the jaws.
2.4. Eye care. Normally, your dog’s eyes should be clean, clear, and free of discharge. Alarming symptoms are: eye redness, inflammation around the eyes, mucous or watery discharge, frequent blinking, increased lacrimation. In this case, a veterinarian’s consultation is required. First aid: drip Iris eye drops, 1-2 drops into each eye; rinse with a cotton swab dipped in chamomile infusion.
2.5. Nail care. Healthy nails are dark, shiny, do not crumble or delaminate. The claws are trimmed as they grow, in cases where the claws do not grind down on their own. It is recommended to use a claw cutter. guillotine.
3.Feeding see “Approximate Puppy Feeding Diet”
For food and water, it is better to have two enamel bowls, (or better yet, nickel plated). One stands constantly with water. Food is put only at mealtime. A prerequisite is that the puppy must be immediately fed from a stand of such a height, at which the puppy’s neck will be parallel to the floor, so that the cervical vertebrae, the spine itself and the joints of the front legs are not bent. The height of the stand should increase as the puppy grows. The bowl of water should also be on a stand. Food should be at room temperature (not hot or cold).
I Give my German Shepherd Puppy a Raw Bone
Feeding the puppy should be frequent: 6 times a day. up to 2 months, 5 times. from 2 to 4 months, 4 times. from 4 to 6 months, 3 times. from 6 to 9 months, 2 times from 9 months. In terms of volume and calorie content, food depends on the constitution of the dog, its physical condition, the duration and intensity of daily walks, the season, etc.
You need to decide for yourself how you want to feed your dog. natural products or ready-made (dry) food. It is perfectly acceptable to make the transition from fresh food to ready-made feed and vice versa. The main thing is not to mix them with each other.
Dog. the creature is carnivorous, therefore, protein products should serve as the basis of food: meat, mainly raw, dairy products, eggs. You can’t raise a good puppy on Qashqai and soups.
MEAT is given to the puppy raw, finely chopped. Minced meat is worse because it does not stay in the stomach and passes into the intestine half-digested. In the intestine, the enzymes of digestive juices act on carbohydrates and fats, and proteins remain unused.
Raw meat is the most complete product, the main building material for bones and muscles. It gives the puppy growth, strength, health. You want your puppy to receive it daily. It is also helpful to give offal (scar, heart, lungs, liver, penises, etc.). It is imperative to boil the offal or scald it with boiling water. they may contain embryos of worms.
Puppy age. The amount of meat (in grams)
Recommendations. Meat: beef, veal, horse meat or their trimmings. It is best to give flank from meat. Fatty meat often causes digestive upset in dogs. Meat by-products are good for use: liver, kidneys, lungs, heart, brains, tongue, spleen, scar, diaphragm, trachea, meat from the head (cheek), udder, tails, lips, noses, ears, etc.
The liver is the richest source of vitamins. She also has high dietary qualities. The liver is rich in iron, copper and zinc, as well as vitamins A, B2, B12 and niacin. Liver digestibility is very high.
The heart is a good source of complete proteins, contains B vitamins.
The rumen is considered a protein-rich food. minerals and fat-soluble vitamins are incomparable. It is very good to feed with weakened immunity. Serve raw.
Penises are also rich in protein. Serve raw.
The lungs contain about the same minerals, trace elements and vitamins as meat.
The spleen, like the lungs, belongs to the offal rich in connective tissues.
The udder contains an increased amount of fat, but due to the residual milk content, calcium is much higher in it than in other offal.
Beef ears and noses can be given as a treat (contains protein, very useful). It is very convenient to add finely chopped vegetables to meat feeding.
Poultry offal. They have a high energy value and are well eaten by dogs. But due to the insufficient usefulness of the protein they contain, they cannot serve as the only source of animal feed. Poultry offal includes entrails, skin, paws, heads, necks, etc. It should be borne in mind that dogs should not be given tubular chicken bones. It is better to feed already grown puppies with this type of product.
DAIRY PRODUCTS. In the first place is cottage cheese, as the main source of well-absorbed calcium. It is good to give calcined curd, which you can cook yourself. To do this, add 2 tablespoons of 10 percent calcium chloride to half a liter of boiling milk. Throw curdled cottage cheese on a sieve. When the serum drains, cool slightly and give to the puppy. Leftover whey can be left to drink or added to the porridge. Milk is less nutritious, voluminous, often weak. Kefir, curdled milk is better than milk, because have a good effect on digestion (especially with bifidobacteria). Every day the puppy should receive about 300 grams. curd.
EGGS. A highly nutritious product. It is better to give raw yolks mixed with dairy products or porridge. Crude protein is undesirable and is simply not digestible. Eggs can be fed soft-boiled or as an omelet. With systematic meat feeding, one is enough. two eggs a week.
FISH. It is a very good product, rich not only in protein, but also in vitamins, trace elements and minerals. It is given without bones and entrails only in boiled form. Fish proteins are not as complete, so you should not feed fish more than 2 times a week. The fish should not be oily. Raw freshwater fish is a common source of tapeworm infections. When feeding fish, it should be borne in mind that some of its species contain specific substances that destroy some vitamins, microelements, thereby affecting the development and normal functioning of puppies. Therefore, our advice is to introduce fish into the diet for older dogs.
It is very useful to give squid. They have high nutritional value meat. It is rich in vitamins B6, PP, B12 and B2. Improves the quality of the wool. Give 2 times a month.
BONES. Raw sugar bones and cartilage are good as toys, but have no nutritional value. The intestines are often clogged. Cooked bones are a common cause of constipation and colitis. Do not give bird bones: very dangerous.
CEREALS AND a loaf. These products cannot be the main food of the dog, but in small quantities, their use is perfectly acceptable and even necessary. The nutritional value of cereals is uneven. It is better to use the following types of cereals: buckwheat (done), rice, millet, boiling them in the form of porridge. over, rice and buckwheat do not contain allergens and are well digested by the body, unlike other cereals. When cooking porridge, it is useful to add carrots, cabbage, pumpkin and other vegetables. One feeding requires approximately 250 grams of cereals.
loaf. fed in small quantities in the form of croutons, preferably from a rye or gray loaf.
VEGETABLES. It is useful to give carrots, cabbage, pumpkin, rutabagas, zucchini, beets and other vegetables finely chopped or grated in the form of salads, adding vegetable oil in small quantities. Boiled pumpkin with porridge is good as a vitamin feed. It is best to give stewed vegetables (in a little water). In this form, they are better digested.
Raw fruits and berries are good, greens are raw and finely chopped (lettuce, dandelion leaves, steamed nettle). an excellent vitamin supplement to the main feed.
When organizing feeding the puppy, keep in mind that it is necessary to accustom the puppy to vegetables and fruits from an early age.
SWEETS. Spoil appetite and disrupt digestion.
VITAMINS AND MINERAL FEEDINGS.
For normal life, a dog needs not only nutrients, but also minerals and vitamins, which are not always contained in the feed in sufficient quantities. Therefore, they must be introduced additionally in the form of feed additives. It is better to use special vitamin and mineral supplements, in which all vitamins and minerals are contained in the ratio necessary for normal life.
Brief information about vitamins:
Vitamin A. Vital for the metabolism of the skin and mucous membranes. Contained in carrots, apples, liver, milk, egg yolk. With a lack of vitamin A, the dog’s immunity decreases, keratinization of the mucous membranes develops, and the skin changes.
B vitamins (B1, B2, B3 or PP, B6, B9, B12). These vitamins are needed to ensure the metabolism of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, as well as metabolism in general. Found in yeast, dairy products and liver. With vitamin deficiency, various deviations from the norm occur, including noticeable changes in pigmentation, hair loss, changes in coat, deterioration of wool quality.
Vitamin C. Ascorbic acid is necessary for maintaining metabolism in connective tissues and providing a number of other functions. Produced by the dog’s body. In the case of vitamin deficiency, which develops as a result of various diseases (diarrhea, acute helminthiasis), there may be a need for additional intake of vitamin C. With a lack of vitamin C, weakness of connective tissue develops, as well as decalcification of bones.
Vitamin D. Promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. Contained only in animal products. Vitamin D deficiency can result in rickets.
Vitamin E. Influences hormonal balance, carbohydrate metabolism and fat breakdown. The consequence of a lack of vitamin E can be muscle atrophy, heart failure, infertility, stillbirth.
Vitamin K. The most important factor in blood coagulation. Found in Green Leaves of Lettuce, Kale, Spinach, Nettles.
As good vitamin preparations, it is recommended to use the drug Trivit (A, D, E in oil) 4-5 drops per day, beer shiver (useful for metabolism, wool, skin), seaweed or seaweed collection (contains a large group of vitamins. and it is also good to use this drug to obtain a richer color pigment), dried carrots to improve the pigmentation of the skin and coat. Garlic preparations (in particular, Bevi-Dog’s garlic flour) act on ectoparasites and helminths. Products containing gelatin are given to prevent and treat damage to joints, ligaments, and to strengthen the nails. It is also good to give multivitamins (from Sanal, GimBorn), we recommend a special multivitamin complex for puppies Excel Daily Multu-Vitamin for puppies from “8 in 1”, preparations from Canina and Canipur are also very good.
For the correct development of the puppy, it is imperative to give a mineral supplement, which should consist of calcium-containing substances: calcium, phosphorus, Honda sulfate, glucosamine. Calcium and phosphorus are mainly responsible for the stability and strength of the skeleton. Honda sulfate and glucosamine are involved in the formation of ligaments, cartilage, bones, and intra-articular fluid. Of the mineral dressings, it is recommended to pay attention to the following preparations: Excel Glucosamine from “8 in 1” (USA) Calcidee (USA), Airishkal (Holland), Stride, Canvit Chondro. You can use drugs in tablets Calcium Gluconate and Calcium Glycerophosphate in a 1: 1 ratio, given that for each month of the puppy’s life, 2 tablets more are consumed, i.e. a month-old puppy receives 2 tablets of calcium gluconate and 2 tablets of calcium glycerophosphate per day, respectively, at 2 months he will have to receive 4 to 4, and so on until he reaches six months of age. In our opinion, it is still better to use the ready-made preparations listed above. It should be remembered that calcium is absorbed by the body much better with fermented milk products. To strengthen the ligaments, it is also very good to give quail eggs. 3 pieces a day.
We adhere to the position of raising puppies on natural food, but we have nothing against ready-made food. Dry food has a number of undeniable benefits. its composition is balanced taking into account the age and physiological characteristics of the dog, it takes only a few minutes a day to feed. The food does not deteriorate during storage, you can take it with you on the road.
You need to know that all dry food is divided into three categories. super-premium class, premium class and economy class. The difference between them is not only in price, but also in composition. and, accordingly, as.
Economy class feeds are made from low quality raw materials. mainly from by-products with the addition of low-grade cereals and soybeans. When feeding with dry food of economy class, a deficiency of various vitamins and amino acids occurs in the animal’s body, which can lead to metabolic disorders, digestive disorders, allergies and other health problems. The nutritional value and digestibility of such feeds is low, so their consumption is higher than premium and super-premium feeds. Energy value. about 250-300 kcal / 100g. Economy class feeds include the following: Baron (Finland), Chappi (Russia), Meal (Russia), Purina Dog Chow (USA) and others.
In the manufacture of premium feed, products of higher quality are used. The main source of protein. meat products. Due to their better digestibility, they give less undigested waste than economy-class feed. Energy value. about 300-350 kcal / 100g. These include such feeds as Bewi-Dog (Germany), Chicopee (Canada), Dr. Alder’s (Germany), Frolik (Russia), Happy Dog (Germany), Pedigree (Russia), Pro Pac (USA).
Super-premium feed will be distinguished by the greatest compliance with all requirements: ideally balanced composition, high nutritional and biological value, high digestibility. In the manufacture of this category of feed, the highest quality components are used: chicken, turkey, lamb, egg, high-quality cereals (rice). The composition of these feeds takes into account the stage of life, the amount of physical activity, body weight and the state of health of the animal. Energy value. 350-450 kcal / 100g. Many firms specializing in the manufacture of feed in this category have their own sources of raw materials (farms, fields, etc.). The most common super premium feeds are: Hill’s (USA), Royal Canin (France), Nutro (USA), Eukanuba (USA), Eagle Pack (USA), Purina Proplan (USA), Diamond (USA), Genesis ( Canada) and others. In the Royal Canin line of food, a food specially developed for adult German shepherds has recently appeared. GERMAN SHEPHERD 24. According to the manufacturer, this product takes into account a number of specific features of German Shepherds: protects bones and joints, supports the immune and digestive systems, hair and skin health.
Be sure to feed your dog food that is appropriate for its age and physiological condition. If you are at a loss with the choice of food. check with your veterinarian or breeder. Do not take a large pack of food at once. it is better to take a little for a sample. it may not work, or your dog may simply not like it. By the way: if your dog is reluctant to eat food, you can add a small amount of grated cheese, kefir, etc. (no more than 10% of the total amount of feed).
When purchasing food, be sure to check the expiration date indicated on the package. Do not buy feed by weight. expired feed is often sold this way.
The food can be given both dry and soaked (with water! And not with broth, milk, etc.). In any case, a bowl of water should be available to the dog at all times.
If you have made a decision to feed your dog with ready-made food, our advice to you is to use only super-premium food.
When deciding to feed the puppy with dry food, it is imperative to feed only dry food, no cereals, meat, dairy products, because the above foods have everything necessary for the correct development of the puppy, and the addition, especially of protein products, will only disrupt the balance of nutrients in the food, which can lead to kidney, liver, and allergies.
REMEMBER! Each new food should be introduced into food gradually, observing the reaction of the dog’s digestive system and possible allergic reactions. Compliance with the feeding regime is very important! When refusing food (if the dog is healthy), do not replace it with a more tasty one, but remove it and give it to the next feeding.
Products unsuitable for feeding to dogs: flour (vermicelli, butter loaf), potatoes (practically not absorbed by the body), legumes (peas, beans), sweets, salted, smoked and pickled foods, sausages, tubular bones. Do not add spices to food (pepper, bay leaf, etc.).
If you decide to switch your dog from natural food to dry food. do this gradually, over one to two weeks, as a sudden change to an unaccustomed diet can cause digestive upset.
Do not feed chunks or nibs from the table between feedings. For the normal assimilation of food, it is also important that the puppy (dog) eat in a calm environment, slowly.
4.1. The dog is vaccinated for the first time before the puppy is 3 months old (done by the breeder), the second time. at 7 months (after changing milk teeth to permanent ones), then after the puppy reaches 1 year of age and until the end of life once a year.
We are using the Nobivac vaccine. Vaccination schedule with this vaccine:
1.at 4-6 weeks (done by the breeder). Nobivac Puppi DP
2.At 8-9 weeks. Nobivac DHP L
3. at 12 weeks. Nobivac DHPPi RL
Also good vaccines Vangard-5 or Vangard-7 and Hexadog.
4.2. Worm control (deworming).
Dogs must be dewormed 2 times a year and before vaccinations (no later than 2 weeks before vaccinations).
Of the antihelminthic drugs, we recommend using Drontal. Plus (for dogs). This drug is used for treatment against round and tapeworms. Dosage: 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight. Given once.
Kaniquantel, Cestal, Polivercan, Prazicid (suspension) have also proven themselves well.
4.3. Flea and tick control.
In the spring-summer-autumn period (from May to September), the dog’s coat must be treated with special agents against ticks and fleas. You can use Frontline spray or Bars drops, as well as put on a special collar from Bayer. Bolfo.
Home veterinary first aid kit.
To provide a sick dog with first aid, it is necessary to have a first-aid kit, the contents of which should be replenished with usable medicines at least once a year. The first aid kit should include:
1. Tools: scissors, tweezers, thermometer, pipettes, syringes, syringes 2, 5, 10 ml, rubber band.
2. Dressing material: bandages of various widths, sterile and non-sterile, cotton wool, sterile napkins large and small, elastic bandage.
3. Medicines in ampoules: glucose 5%, aminovit, gamavit, traumeel, immunofan.
4. Medicines in tablets: activated charcoal, levomycetin, festal, smecta, suprastin, corsil, imodium, furazolidone.
5. Medicines for various uses: hydrogen peroxide, iodine, brilliant green, potassium permanganate, vaseline oil, Vishnevsky ointment, liniment synthomycin, levomikol, dioxidin, malavit, eye drops “Iris”, tetracycline eye ointment, furacillin, valocardin, chlorophyllipt, Rescuer “, Regidron, polyphepan, bifitrilak.
6. Collection of herbs: chamomile, gastrointestinal collection.
Puppy upbringing issues.
The puppy may whine a little on the first night. Have patience and don’t go to bed. You can put the puppy under the bedding heating pad. the puppy will warm up and fall asleep, or a soft toy nearby. Do not allow from the first day that which cannot be done by an adult dog in the future: in bed, on the sofa, etc.
Get ready to endure a lot: gnawed shoes, torn wallpaper, puddles. The puppy can not immediately learn the numerous prohibitions. It is possible to punish for “crimes” only when you find a “crime” at the PLACE, at the MOMENT of its commission, and not in any way
What vegetables are allowed?
Not everything that is good for humans has the same benefits for dogs. For example, certain vegetables can cause a severe digestive upset in a German Shepherd puppy.
- Recommended vegetables for feeding dogs include carrots, pumpkin, squash, bell peppers, cucumbers, sweet potatoes, asparagus, turnips, and radishes.
- It is strictly forbidden to give your dogs potatoes, broccoli, legumes, eggplants, garlic and rutabagas.
- With care, give tomatoes, cabbage (only stewed), beets.
Nutrition of a German shepherd puppy. What food to feed your dog?
In order for a tiny puppy to grow up to be a strong and healthy German Shepherd, it is important to properly organize its nutrition.
When drawing up a diet, it is worth considering that the puppy has a small stomach volume and an accelerated metabolism, therefore it is recommended to feed him often and in small doses. You will also learn how to properly feed a puppy at 1 month, 2, 3-4 and later.
Up to a year
The basic principles of organizing nutrition for a puppy up to a year:
- Keeping all nutrients in balance.
- Compliance with the intervals between feedings according to age.
- Monitor portion sizes: the puppy should not overeat, but fasting will adversely affect his growth and development.
- Food should be room temperature.
- Fractional nutrition.
Up to 6 months old German Shepherd Dogs are recommended to give food in the following proportions:
- 10% of the total mass of the daily allowance is dairy products;
- 10%. vegetables;
- 10-20%. vegetables and cereals;
- everything else is meat and meat offal.
When feeding nauralka, each new product is recommended to be introduced gradually, and it is extremely important to monitor the reaction of the puppy’s body. If constipation occurs, the puppy is given a tummy massage and dill water.
If loose stools appear, the puppies are given rice water. If during the day the stool has not returned to normal, then it is recommended to contact the veterinarian, since diarrhea can be a sign of not only digestive upset, but also a disease such as colibacillosis.
The product that caused the digestive upset is excluded from the diet or given in a different form (boiled, steamed, mixed with other products).
From about 25-27 days, puppies are taught to cereals from ground rice and buckwheat. A little later, grated vegetables and fish are introduced into the diet.
At two weeks of age, and if necessary earlier, complementary foods begin using the following products:
- Low fat cottage cheese.
- A scrap of meat.
- Special mixtures for complementary feeding.
Special formulas for feeding newborn puppies are similar in composition to bastard milk, so their correct use does not cause the risk of hypovitaminosis. Natural food is difficult to balance, so it is imperative to monitor the puppy’s condition so as not to miss the onset of rickets or eczema.
After a year
When the shepherd dog reaches the age of 1 year, the number of feedings is reduced to 1-2 times a day. You can use either dry food for dogs over 1 year old, or the natural food that the shepherd ate at puppyhood.
At the age of 6 years and older, the dog is considered elderly, physiological changes begin to occur in its body. For example, metabolism slows down, physical activity decreases. Therefore, the dog needs a special low-calorie diet with low protein.
From what month can you dry?
You can give dry food to puppies from two weeks of age. Before starting feeding, it must be soaked with water at room temperature or milk. It is recommended to give dry food to puppies over 1.5 months.
Diet by month
When using ready-made dry food, there are no difficulties with the diet: all recommendations for feeding and serving size are indicated on the package. But those who prefer to feed German Shepherd puppies with natural food usually have many questions. Below you will find out how you can feed your monthly, 2 month old and older puppies.
- At the age of 1 month, the puppy is fed 6 times a day. 30% of the diet should consist of meat (lean beef), and everything else. dairy products and plant foods. From dairy products it is recommended to give cottage cheese, kefir or yogurt. From vegetables. grated stewed carrots or zucchini. Give your month-old puppies chopped lettuce and spinach. It is recommended to cook porridge from ground buckwheat or rice. Give a boiled egg yolk or quail egg once a week.
- At the age of 2 months, puppies already become more developed and eat well on their own, so meat and vegetables can not be rubbed, but cut into small pieces. Gradually, you can introduce into the diet boneless sea boiled fish, chicken, apples and pears. It is recommended to start cooking porridge from whole grains. It is important not to forget to give daily dairy products.
- At the age of 3-4 months, the puppy is fed the same products with the addition of various offal: beef heart, liver, kidneys, udder, rumen, chicken stomachs, etc. Doses of offal should be small, and it is recommended to give them no more than 1-2 times a week.
- For cheeks at the age of 5-6 months, the number of feedings is reduced by up to 3 times. The products are the same, but you can diversify the diet with bananas, bell peppers, tomatoes and cucumbers, a little cheese, berries (strawberries, blueberries, plums) and steamed oat bran.
- Puppies over 6 months old are fed 2 times a day. Products used are the same.
For clarity, below is a table of the diet of a German shepherd puppy by month.
|Puppy age, months.||Number of feedings||Featured Products|
|one||6||Beef, cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, carrots, zucchini, lettuce, spinach, boiled egg yolk.|
|2||5-6||Beef, chicken, fish, cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, carrots, zucchini, apples, lettuce, spinach, boiled egg yolk.|
|3-4||4-5||Beef, chicken, fish, offal, cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, carrots, zucchini, apples, lettuce, spinach, boiled egg yolk.|
|5-6||4-3||Beef, chicken, fish, offal, cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, carrots, zucchini, apples, pears, bananas, strawberries, blueberries, plums, lettuce, spinach, boiled egg yolk, oat bran.|
|Older than 6||2||Beef, chicken, fish, offal, cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, carrots, zucchini, apples, pears, bananas, strawberries, blueberries, plums, lettuce, spinach, boiled egg yolk, oat bran, oat bran.|