What branches to give chinchillas
Wood dressing is no more than a quarter of the daily diet. Depending on the type of harvested stocks, dried branches can be given to a chinchilla in about the following amount:
- gooseberries. up to 3 twigs for 7 days;
- rowan, hawthorn and sea buckthorn, 1-2 branches per week are enough;
- viburnum is given 2 pieces per week;
- raspberries and willow are offered 1 twig every 2 weeks;
- birch is loved by many chinchillas. In addition to vitamins and microelements, birch leaves and branches contain phytoncides with antimicrobial action, which is especially useful for young growth. The foliage contains a lot of ascorbic acid and substances that activate metabolic processes. Feed your pet 1 branch weekly;
- an elm is offered as an escape every 3 days;
- chinchillas eat willow and pear well. Within a week, you can give up to 5-6 shoots. The most nutritious sprouts are cut during the colder months;
- currant branches are useful for chinchilla, 3 twigs are distributed for a week;
- linden can be put into the cage in any quantity;
- offer a slice of hazel twice a week;
- aspen (bark and branches) is given every 3-4 days. The best time to harvest is winter.
- oak and alder will help with diarrhea. It is enough to divide one twig into 7 parts and give it for a week in order to normalize the intestines and not cause constipation.
Some owners harvest pieces of grapevine, rosehip sprouts, apple trees.
Some feed manufacturers add carob fruit to some species. They are rich in proteins, sugars, pectins, B vitamins, iron, magnesium, potassium, calcium and other elements.
Rules for self-harvesting branches
When buds appear on the trees, you can start harvesting branches. They are cut with pruning shears. The sap moving through the trees at this time has the most valuable nutritional composition.
- Only live branches are taken from healthy trees and shrubs. Dried, dirty, moldy and tooth-stained animals cannot be cut off. The stalks of raspberries, gooseberries, hawthorns must be cleaned of sharp thorns so that the animal does not injure the oral cavity.
- Twigs (about 1 cm in diameter) are divided into parts 5-7 cm long. This size is convenient for a chinchilla that eats while sitting and holding a treat in its front paws.
- The chopped twigs are washed well and poured over with boiling water. Dry in the oven, placing on a baking sheet in a thin layer.
- The oven door is left slightly open. Check and mix the sticks periodically.
- Completely dried branches are stored in cardboard boxes. Plastic containers are not suitable for this, where they can become moldy. Well dried wood will not grow moldy. However, after a few weeks, you need to check the twigs. those infected with mold are thrown away, the rest are dried.
Recommendations for preparing feed from branches
Shoots and twigs of various plants are introduced into the diet of animals for several reasons:
- Wood diversifies the diet of a pet, deprived of the opportunity to choose what it needs at the moment, as it does in its natural habitat. Greens and twigs are rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements. This is a good addition to the daily diet of the animal.
- Chinchilla teeth, like other rodents, grow continuously. They need to be grinded. For this reason, the animal is constantly chewing on something. Solid wood is perfect for this. Otherwise, the chinchilla will begin to gnaw everything that is available to her, and this does not always please the owners.
- Any wooden objects are perceived by animals as toys. You can entertain your pet with twig and twig games. So communication with him will become more diverse, and he himself will become sociable, active, full of trust in you.
Dried young shoots are a natural product similar in nutritional value to hay. It contains proteins, fats, and also a lot of fiber. In industry, vitamin flour is produced from such raw materials.
Branches are harvested during the growing season of plants, when they have the most nutrients.
The places where branches are cut should be environmentally friendly. Forests are unsuitable for harvesting if there are highways or industrial zones nearby. It is also not worth storing wood fodder within the city, even in parks.
The twigs must be clean. free of mold, pests, fungal infections and animal bites.
The bark contains nutrients in maximum concentration, so it does not need to be cleaned.
Branches of which trees can be given to chinchillas, how much and why
On the rocks, where chinchillas live in the wild, there is rather sparse vegetation. However, the diet of rodents is diverse: cereals, legumes, lichens, cacti, and necessarily shrub branches and tree bark.
When breeding animals at home, in addition to vegetables, fruits and hay, you need to give chinchillas twigs. Rodent food will be complete when young shoots and greens are added to the food in the summer and dried branches in winter.
But first you need to find out which trees and shrubs are suitable for food for the animal, as well as how to provide it with this food in the winter.
Harmful branches for chinchillas
Some plants not only will not benefit rodents, but are strictly forbidden to them:
- any coniferous trees and plants whose wood contains resin;
- cherry, almond, plum, apricot and other pitted fruit trees. From the cyanide compounds present in them, hydrocyanic acid (the strongest poison) is formed;
- all citrus fruits;
- buckthorn, lilac, elderberry, maple, bird cherry.
Accustom the animal to woody food gradually, observing the reaction to a new delicacy for several days. Not all animals eat the branches of different plants with the same pleasure. Over time, you will understand your pet’s preferences and will be able to store what he liked.
Which tree branches can be given to chinchillas
The diet of rodents should be varied, so it is necessary to add greens and young shoots to it. However, before filling the feeder, you should figure out which branches can be given to the chinchilla. Not every tree or shrub will have a beneficial effect on your pet.
Rules for the procurement of raw materials
The need to introduce various shoots and twigs into the diet of rodents is explained by several factors:
- saturation of the pet’s body with vitamins and minerals;
- improving the functioning of the dental system;
- positive influence on the behavioral factor. chinchillas use branches as toys.
Features of harvesting green food at home:
- collection of branches is possible only in ecologically clean areas, far from highways, densely populated areas, industrial enterprises;
- the optimal time for collecting wood and foliage is the growing season;
- it is necessary to make sure that there are no moldy parts, lichens, traces of pests and fungus;
- at home, each rod must be sequentially rinsed with hot and cold water, dried;
- store in a place with minimal moisture content;
- the bark should be left on the twigs. it is it that contains the maximum concentration of nutrients.
What twigs can be given to chinchillas
Shrubs and trees can not be offered to chinchillas all the time. Depending on which branches and twigs are available in abundance, the diet should be planned as follows:
- Hawthorn. before feeding, you should remove the leaves and thorns, give 1-2 branches a week;
- Kalina. 2 pieces every 7 days;
- Gooseberries. 3 branches per week, previously cleaned of thorns;
- Raspberries. also clean off anything that can harm the animal, it is supposed to have 1 twig every 2 weeks;
- Sea buckthorn. remove leaves, give on a twig 1-2 times a week;
- Rowan. the method is similar to sea buckthorn;
- Currants. it is supposed to distribute 3 pieces for a weekly diet;
- Mulberry. you can pamper your pet once a week with 1 thing;
- Alder. effective for diarrhea, if you feed the animal 1 twigs every 7 days;
- Birch. the scheme is similar to alder;
- Willow. it is not recommended to exceed the dose of 1 twig for 2 weeks;
- Elm. shoot every 3 days;
- Pear. it is allowed to give 2 branches up to 3 times a week;
- Willow. can be given at the same frequency as a pear;
- Linden. can be kept in a cage at all times;
- Hazel. twig twice a week;
- Aspen. 1 rod 2-3 times a week.
You need to know which branches and in what form to give to the chinchilla
Harmful branches for chinchillas
Veterinarians and zoologists have identified many plant species that can be fed to rodents to improve health. However, there are varieties that chinchillas are absolutely not allowed. Among them:
- all varieties of conifers;
- citrus trees;
- apricot, plum, cherry;
- any kind of tree with resinous wood;
- lilac, buckthorn;
- bird cherry, elderberry, maple.
Knowing exactly what chinchillas eat, you can independently prepare for them a varied green menu and often the pet’s joy with a new delicacy that will only benefit.
What branches can be given to rabbits
The main food for ornamental rabbits is hay and granulated food, and in the summer also grasses. But as a supplement to the diet almost daily, you can give the rabbits branches of such trees:
- Apple tree
Can rabbits have pine branches? Yes, like other conifers, but they should not be given too often. From time to time, decorative and ordinary eared ears can also be given tree branches:
- Birch tree
What branches of trees can rabbits have. photo answer.
Branches from apple, hazel, grapes can be given together with the fruits, and currants without berries. Rowan and chestnut are also without fruit, and only sometimes in small portions. Walnut branches give a little to prevent parasites.
Birch branches have a diuretic effect, willows and lindens have an analgesic effect, oak and alder help with diarrhea, and coniferous branches are rich in vitamin C. Given the listed properties, these branches are given only occasionally for prevention.
Tree branches that can be given to rabbits, but not often.
Tree branches contain vitamins, trace elements, fiber and various substances that are not found in all grasses and grains. Therefore, in the correct diet for a rabbit, branches are an indispensable component.
What branches can and cannot be given to rabbits: lists with photos
- What branches can rabbits have
- Photos of branches of permitted trees
- From which trees branches are not allowed
- rabbit eating apple tree branch
- What herbs can rabbits
An eared pet has appeared in the house, the owners are actively reading about feeding it and find out that in addition to hay, grass and vegetables, it can also be given tree branches. In this article, we will answer the question which branches can be used for a decorative rabbit, as well as from which trees branches cannot be given.
What branches of trees are rabbits forbidden?
And so, you now know what branches you can give to rabbits. The next step is to find out the branches of which trees of domestic eared ears cannot be fed.
- Bird cherry
- Wolf bast
- Oleander (ornamental shrub)
These trees contain poisonous and toxic substances, which means their branches are dangerous to the health of decorative and ordinary rabbits.
Nevertheless, it is better not to give the branches of the following trees to the “eared” too often:
- Cherry plum
Although, on the forums, many rabbit breeders note that they feed their animals with branches of cherries, cherry plums, and sweet cherries. At the same time, no negative consequences are observed.
In the video above, you can see how the decorative rabbit willingly eats leaves from an apple tree branch. Among other things, the branches themselves, these domestic eared ears, also gnaw.
To find out a detailed answer to this question, we recommend reading the following feeding articles:
That’s all, now you know which branches can be given to rabbits and which ones cannot be given. By the way, if you have experience in this matter, be sure to write about it in the comments below (for example, which tree branches your pet loves most of all).
Our site is entirely dedicated to rabbits and here you will find information about breeds, diseases and their treatment, care and maintenance, feeding, as well as many other things concerning these pets.
Dangers to Chinchillas | The DON’Ts of Chinchilla Care
What branches can be given to a chinchilla (trees)
Chinchilla chewers. we prepare ourselves
Spring has come, the snow has melted, the trees are beginning to come to life.
It’s time to prepare nibbles for your chinchillas. It’s easy to do it yourself.
Let’s take a garden pruner in our hands. It is convenient to cut branches until the leaves have blossomed and the juice is just beginning to move along the trunks and branches. Recall which trees and shrubs are good for chinchillas. From those growing in the Urals. apple, pussy willow, willow, alder, raspberry, birch.
Not suitable for forage trees stone fruit (plum, cherry) and resinous conifers (pine, spruce).
- To feed chinchillas, we select only live branches (not dry, not moldy, not contaminated). Take raspberry stalks only those without thorns, otherwise the chinchilla can damage the oral cavity on prickly sticks.
- We cut tree branches into segments approximately 5 cm long. We recommend cutting thin sticks, no more than 1 cm in diameter. Thicker sticks are more difficult to cut and dry. In addition, thin sticks of chinchilla eat completely, and from thick sticks they eat only bark.
- Next, put the chopped sticks in a colander and rinse with boiling water
- Dry the sticks in the oven. We put them on a tray and distribute them evenly in a not too thick layer. The time and temperature of drying depends on the type of plate. From personal experience. drying in a gas stove at a temperature of 200 degrees.
C, with a slightly open oven door, takes 1.5 hours
We turn the sticks in the drying process every half hour, we check that they do not start to burn, we select the best mode of air flow.
Some models of electric stoves have an oven heating mode of 50. 70 degrees C and a ventilation mode.
In this temperature range, the wood dries better and does not burn. The drying process in an electric stove takes longer than in a gas stove, 7. 9 hours depending on the temperature.
Wood pulp is an essential nutrient for chinchillas, which must always be in their diet. In the wild, animals eat dry roots and branches. Of course, if necessary, you can prepare branch feed for chinchillas at any time of the year, but it is most convenient in spring and autumn when there is no foliage. Your chinchillas will be well fed, healthy and thank you!
Tree leaves for chinchillas, herbs
It is important to provide chinchillas with a varied diet with added greenery and young tree shoots. But not all branches can become food for a rodent: it is better to understand the peculiarities of feeding with stems in advance. Many trees and bushes can negatively affect your pet’s health.
First you need to understand the need to introduce branches into the diet.
Twigs can be used by animals as toys, which has a great effect on the behavioral factor, activity and communication skills.
- Forage collection is required in areas that comply with environmental regulations, and highways, industrial sites and busy areas are best avoided.
- It is best to pluck the branch when the leaves are in the growing season. This is the most optimal period for obtaining food rich in nutrients.
- The stems should be free from fungi, lichens and traces of other diseases and pests.
- Before harvesting, the shoots are well washed in warm, and then cold water, then the young branches are dried.
- Storage space is selected with a minimum percentage of moisture.
- The twig does not need to be peeled from the bark, because it is it that contains a large amount of nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
Constantly, on a daily basis, introducing bushes and trees into the diet is not a good idea, but you can safely diversify food with such tree branches by adding it to the diet along with other types of food:
- Hawthorn. It is necessary to properly prepare food. remove foliage and thorns. Enough with a few branches twice a week.
- Kalina. Can feed two stalks once a week.
- Gooseberry. The shrub is cleared of thorns, and then added to food 3 pieces every 7 days.
- Raspberries. You need to get rid of any elements that could be harmful. An animal can be given an escape no more than once every 14 days.
- Sea buckthorn and mountain ash. Pre-remove all the foliage, and you can give the animals a couple of times a week on the stalk.
- Currant. It is allowed to take three branches and distribute them in a weekly ration.
- Mulberry. One tree shoot can be given to a pet every 7 days.
- Birch tree. It is fed in the same way as alder. The stems of the tree are distinguished by a large number of vitamins and minerals. Particularly pleasing is the large number of phytoncides. substances with antimicrobial action. Animals that are kept in cages often suffer from a lack of this element. ascorbic acid in young foliage allows you to replenish the need for this vitamin. Also, greens are rich in substances that have a beneficial effect on life processes. All year round, you can supply your beloved pet with such a useful treat, but you do not need to overdo it, because a large volume of leaves will negatively affect the work of the kidneys.
- Juniper. Rodents love both the coniferous component of the tree and berries, which contain a large amount of sugars that have bactericidal properties.
- Pine. The branches are saturated with starch, various vitamins and a small amount of fat and iron. The last element is part of hemoglobin and has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of the animal. Also, the rods have spicy substances that determine the good appetite of pets. The needles hold the record for the capacity of ascorbic acid (the result exceeds citrus fruits by 6 times). It is necessary to feed the animals only with young spring stems, free of resin. Coniferous seeds are allowed to be added to rodents’ meals all year round.
- Willow. It is enough to give one branch every 14 days.
- Elm. It is allowed to feed the stem every 3 days.
- Pear, willow. You can use 2 shoots as feed, a maximum of 3 times a week. Both woods are valuable foods that chinchillas love. All year round, you can delight your pet with such a delicacy. The most nutritious rods, plucked during the cold season.
- Linden. Has no feeding restrictions, can always be near the beast.
- Hazel. Twice a week, you can delight a fur-bearing animal with a branch of a walnut tree.
- Aspen. One escape will be enough several times a week. Any part of the tree can be used as a supplement to the main diet. Harvesting is best done in winter, when the maximum amount of fat and protein.
- Alder. It is an excellent prevention of diarrhea. 1 twig for 7 days will relieve an unpleasant intestinal disease.
- Oak. The fruits and twigs of the tree awaken the interest of fur-bearing animals all year round. The tannins in the composition help to cope with diarrhea, but it is not recommended to give the chinchilla an abundance of plants, as this can cause constipation.
- Poplar. The nutritional value is very high, it is several times higher than many food, but for rodents such a tree is completely unattractive.
There are a large number of plants approved by veterinarians and zoologists. They can be safely fed to your beloved pet, because wholesome food can improve health. But there is a list of trees and shrubs that should not be given to chinchillas.
Among the tree species, various parts of which can be fed to chinchillas, the following can be distinguished.
Birch tree. Its leaves and branches are rich in vitamins and sugars. They contain a lot of phytoncides, substances with antimicrobial properties. Captive bred animals are usually in short supply, especially young animals.
Young birch leaves contain a lot of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and the buds contain vegetable fats and other valuable substances.
The leaves contain substances that stimulate the vital processes of animal organisms, similar in composition to those of ginseng. Birch branches collected in summer and winter, as well as leaves, can be fed to chinchillas throughout the year.
Oak. Acorns and oak branches attract the attention of chinchillas all year round. They are very nutritious. In addition, they are useful for indigestion in animals (diarrhea). they contain tannins. But in constant and large quantities, it can cause constipation.
Willow. Various types of willows are a valuable food product readily eaten by chinchillas. Leaves and branches are fed to animals all year round. Most nutritious branches cut during winter.
Aspen. Aspen leaves, bark and young shoots can serve as an additive to chinchilla feed in all seasons. They need to be harvested in winter, since during this period they contain much more fat and protein.
Juniper. The needles and berries of this small tree are healthy and attractive food for chinchillas. Berries contain up to 40% sugars, they have bactericidal properties.
Pine. The needles of this tree contain about 3% fat, up to 20% starch. In addition, it contains a significant amount of iron, an element that is part of the hemoglobin of blood, and special bitter-spicy substances have been found that stimulate appetite in animals.
Pine needles are known for their high vitamin content. There is especially a lot of vitamin C in needles. ascorbic acid is six times more than in lemons or oranges. The animals are fed primarily with young spring shoots. Chinchilla pine seeds are readily eaten throughout the year.
Poplar. In terms of nutritional value, poplar leaves are superior to the best forage grasses and are an excellent food. However, chinchillas eat them badly.
In addition to the above plants, animals consume leaves, shoots and bark of pear, apple, linden, hazel, blackberry, raspberry, sea buckthorn, etc.
Branches of apricot, wild rosemary, elderberry, wolf bast (wolfberry), buckthorn, almond, poisonous sumac, bird cherry should not be fed as branch feed, as they contain poisonous substances.
When giving branches of oak and alder, it should be borne in mind that they contain a lot of tannins (tannin), so it is advisable to feed them to animals as a fixative for digestive disorders.
Large amounts of birch branches can lead to kidney inflammation.
(SP Bondarenko. “Diseases of fur animals.”) Green food. grass and leaves of trees. should be no more than a quarter of the daily diet of a chinchilla (it is recommended to train 1 blade of grass per day, and preferably in dried form, because digestive disorders, diarrhea).
Young animals require special attention when feeding.
Until the cubs reach the age of 1.5 months, it is not recommended to include green and juicy food in their diet, although a piece of green leaf taken from their parents will not harm healthy babies. From the age of six weeks, the cubs begin to eat green food, which is gradually introduced into the diet and the portion is gradually increased.
Tea. Chinchillas are very fond of dry tea leaves. You can give green tea, black tea, and mate, but always natural, without artificial flavors.
Remember, too, that tea contains tannins, which are fortifying properties. Therefore, give a serving of tea no more than 1/3 teaspoon no more than three times a week.
It is good to combine tea leaves and dry petals of the Sudanese rose (“hibiscus”), which have a slight laxative effect.
Rosehip and wrinkled rosebuds. 4-5 pcs.
Strawberry and strawberry leaves. several pieces.
Rosehip. unlimited. peel, and give only the peel, and crush and remove the seeds! There are many cases of injury to the gums by the thorns of seeds! If you notice tears that the chinchilla refuses to eat. most often it is gum inflammation (stomatitis) Treat the gums with Metrogyl denta ointment.
Blueberries. a few berries a day, because dried berries have fastening properties.
Raisins. 1 pc. 1 time per week, during the recovery period or for lactating and pregnant females. sweet dried fruits are FORBIDDEN in the daily diet! cause insulin shock coma!
Drying apples. 1p per day. useful vitamin C.
Chinchillas are very fond of oatmeal, which has a high taste and is source of B vitamins.
All chinchillas I know are ready to sell their homeland for rolled oats, but you can only give it 1 teaspoon a day.
Hercules must be absolutely clean, dry and crumbly, free of foreign inclusions and impurities, free of mold, etc. Even better if it is a mixture of several cereals in the form of flakes.
Germinated grain is very useful for animals, especially young animals. In winter and early spring, germinated grain can be given at the rate of 10-15% of the daily requirement. For this, oats or barley are poured with water and kept in a warm room for 24 to 48 hours. The swollen and moistened grain is scattered on shelves in a bright room and fed after a few days when sprouts appear.
Plants only in dried form. preferably in addition to the roots:
Cabbage. causes gas formation.
Carrots. recommended dried
Dill is questionable, it has a diuretic effect and, in principle, is useless (but many give it for bloating, as it is recommended even for babies)
pepper. just like cabbage causes gas
Beets. although healthy, they weakens, so it is also not necessary
Cucumbers are harmless, but not every animal will eat this virtually aquatic vegetable.
Bananas. too sweet, not recommended
Pears. if moderately sweet, then dried (dried. cause diarrhea)
Grapes, raisins. very sweet, but a mother who has given birth or a sick animal can be given a raisin
Sunflower seeds and nuts are liver killer.
Do not get carried away with dried apricots and prunes. they are sweet and very weak
Better let’s get dried apples.
Persimmon. contains a lot of iodine. Since in the treatment of rodents they try to avoid iodine-containing preparations, it is better not to give. As sweet and astringent, constipation may be.
Tea rose petals. you can, but only grown with your own hands. You can’t give store ones, because they are processed with a bunch of chemicals.
As a delicacy, you can give: dried carrots and apples (a small dried slice), Rosehips, hawthorns, alfalfa rings, without yeast loaves (also a small piece), occasionally 1 raisin (for a pregnant and lactating female), 1 pumpkin seed (prevention of worms ),
Dried herb: Nettle, Dandelion, Plantain, Clover, Alfalfa leaf.
Dry twigs / leaves: apple, pear, currant, mountain ash, raspberry.
The branches of trees are recommended, the fruits of which are without pits, for example: apple, birch, willow, etc. The branches are ideal both for treats and for grinding teeth (it must be constantly in the cage)
List of poisonous wood species not suitable for chinchillas
almonds apricotsbuckle acaciablack lotusdalbergia blackwood ash-leaved maple buckthornanacardia western cedarwoodpannelia Iranian citrus wood: lemon, orange, grapefruit, etc.
cypress, ebony (ebony) wood, elderberry, eucalyptus, fir, elginkgo (Chinese) hemlock (American conifer), hollygledichia sweet hydrangea (tree-like) juniper, noble tree, mahogany wood, mango tree, maple, mesquite for the treatment of healthy oranges. reddish shadepine conespistachio plum sandalwood sequoiaeelwood teakwood walnut woodweeping fig
Branches of stone trees should not be allowed to chinchillas under any circumstances.
the toxicologist writes that you cannot give branches, seeds, leaves, bark of trees belonging to the genus Prunus: cherries, sweet cherries, plums, apricots, peaches, nectarines.
They contain the glycoside amygdalin (a cyanide compound), the cleavage product of which in the body is hydrocyanic acid. There are many recorded cases of fatal poisoning.
On the other hand, there is information that the bark itself is dangerous in the branches of the same cherry, and the juice in the cambium (the layer immediately behind the bark), which contains all the toxic elements
Chinchillas are herbivores, so they should not be given any animal products.
The main diet should consist of pelleted food for chinchillas and grain mixture.
Every day in the evening you need to give 1.5-2 tbsp. tablespoons of the main granular feed and once every 2-3 days (preferably in the morning). one tablespoon (for an adult chinchilla) of the grain mixture. The drinker must have water at all times! The water must be changed every day or every other day. Hay must be readily available.
3-4 rose hips 2. 2 fruits of chokeberry 3. 3 hawthorn fruits 4. 1 pumpkin seed (prevention of worms, but not desirable for pregnant females) 5.
One slice of fresh apple (small, and better for constipation) 6. One slice of dry apple. 7. Slice of dried carrot 8. ½ plate of dietary loafs (wheat or oatmeal) 9.
For one day, choose one or several delicacies from the list and treat your pet. Never give a lot of treats at once. this can adversely affect your pet’s health (constipation, diarrhea, bloating). Chinchillas are very fond of sweets and know how to beg for them, please use the treats wisely!
You can give dry leaves: nettle (not desirable for pregnant women), mulberry, apple tree, dandelion, plantain (give for diarrhea), birch (good for immunostimulation), acacia, alfalfa (give very little, it may cause diarrhea), clover, hawthorn (with color), tea rose or rosehip petals, strawberry leaves and flowers, calendula color, linden blossom, acacia color, dandelion color.
You can also give tree branches (apple, pear, willow, birch, poplar, mulberry).
Do not give chinchillas branches and fruits of stone fruit trees (they contain hydrocyanic acid).
The chinchilla’s diet should be free of seeds and nuts. they are harmful to animals.
To grind teeth, a special stone is placed in the cage for grinding teeth, you can put another mineral stone and hang a salt stone.
You can put an apple or birch saw cut into the cage.
Also, once a week, you can give calcium-containing vitamins (for example, in a veterinary pharmacy. “Calcium-Di” 12 tablets. 1 weekly).
Very useful for chinchillas: echinacea herb (immunostimulant, supports the body’s defenses. you can give 1 pinch per week), dandelion root (improves appetite), nettle (for weight gain and immunomodulation), chicory herb (for appetite).
All herbs and twigs should be washed and dried, or at least well dried. It is necessary to collect everything away from highways and roadways in order to avoid poisoning with heavy metals and harmful impurities.
Please carefully study the above recommendations for the nutrition of chinchillas. Follow them strictly. your pets will thank you with excellent health, good health and active physical form.!
All about feeding chinchillas
Chinchilla is perhaps the most difficult pet in culinary preferences. The animal cannot be called fussy, but if it is fed incorrectly, it can result in very serious health problems.
Talking about the nutrition of chinchillas, you need to start with the fact that these are rodents, which are herbivores. Vegetable food is the basis of their diet. In nature, these animals consume little food, because in their natural habitat (highlands) the amount of food is limited.
Mountain plants are poor food, but it is very high in calories and contains all the nutrients necessary for the life of a chinchilla, which their long intestines help the animals to extract from such roughage.
When feeding chinchillas at home, it is very important that the diet is varied, rich in vitamins, organic and mineral substances, but does not include fatty, sweet and too high-calorie foods.
Concentrated pelleted feeds are basic and easily digestible, therefore they form the basis of the diet of chinchillas. In a day, one pet accounts for about 25-30 grams (1-2 tablespoons without a slide).
As a rule, it contains: grass flour, wheat bran, crude fat, oats, barley, sunflower sprat, lemon balm, limestone flour, feed yeast, fish meal, salt, lysine, a premix with a full set of vitamins and minerals.
Crude fiber should be at least 10-15%, fat in granules. 3-4%.
They also contain the following mineral supplements: calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, sulfur, iron, iodine, zinc, selenium, manganese; vitamins A, B, D, E, K, PP, biotin, carotene; various organic acids. malic, folic, ascorbic. Energy value of 1 kg of feed. about 2900 kilocalories.
Cereal mix is also an important component of the chinchilla‘s diet, it should be 1/15. 1/20 of the pelleted feed (wheat, barley, oats, buckwheat, flax and milk thistle seeds). There should always be fresh clean water in the drinker, to which the animal should have free access.
Chinchillas are fed once a day. Each owner chooses for himself a certain, convenient time for him. You need to feed the chinchilla every day at about the same time. Usually it is evening from 18.00 to 20.00.
Depending on the season, the diet of chinchillas does not change dramatically, since juicy grass, fresh vegetables and fruits available in summer or autumn are not used to feed them. Chinchillas should not be fed wet food, so as not to disrupt the work of their gastrointestinal tract. not to cause bloating, stop digestion, diarrhea or constipation.
However, in the warm season, chinchilla owners have the opportunity to prepare and treat their pet with their favorite green delicacies. dandelion leaves, nettles, coltsfoot, plantain, strawberries, raspberries, currants, chamomile flowers, calendula, fragrant rose hips, shoots of leguminous plants. alfalfa, wicky, green peas and more.
Treats and other delicacies for chinchillas
Additional complementary foods or treats are used as a natural source of vitamins and minerals, as well as to diversify the pet’s diet.
It is mixed into pelleted feed or given separately in the paws, as a reward or treat.
Do not include all the goodies in the diet at once, let’s little by little, alternating.
For pregnant and lactating chinchillas, small chinchillas are preferable to feed with increased m of protein (up to 25%). Milk granules can be used as an additive to the main feed.
The diet of an elderly chinchilla has usually already taken place. it is constant. The owner of a chinchilla that has lived with him for a long time knows what she loves, what she eats, what kind of reaction certain foods cause her.
If an elderly chinchilla lives with you recently, follow the recommendations of the previous owner. The diet of an adult and an elderly chinchilla does not differ significantly.
Calling a veterinarian at home.
Obesity in chinchillas occurs with improper feeding, and this condition is aggravated if the animal is forced to lead a sedentary lifestyle (a cramped cage, lack of shelves, manholes, a running wheel or track in a chinchilla’s dwelling).
Adjusting the diet can cope with such a problem (reduce the number of delicacies, exclude harmful products such as seeds, raisins, dried apricots, nuts, rice, etc.).
The diet should be varied, but well thought out. Treats should be given little by little in the paws as a reward, and it is important to alternate them. one day we give a piece of dried apple, the next day. a hibiscus flower, on the third day. a rosehip, etc. Hay should be available to the chinchilla every day to aid digestion.
Individual eating habits of chinchillas
What branches can you give a chinchilla to gnaw
What branches and leaves can be given to a chinchilla, how to process them
Chinchilla is a representative of rodents, which requires a varied diet, including legumes, cacti, cereals, leaves, branches and bark, because it is with them that the animal relishes in the wild. At home, the animal needs to be provided with no less variety, and, in addition to hay and grain, bark and branches should be given to it. However, before that, it is important to find out which parts of trees, as well as shrubs, are suitable for feeding the rodent in order to avoid causing harm.
The benefits of wood for the body of chinchillas
Chinchillas should be allowed to eat bark and twigs for several reasons.
Among them are the following:
- The teeth of an animal, like any other rodent, are constantly growing. Therefore, he needs to regularly chew on something to grind. Hardwood is one of the best choices. If you restrict the animal in the branches, it will gnaw what it finds, and not in all cases the owner will be happy about this.
- Wood. its use is an excellent opportunity to make the food of a pet, which, when living in a cage, is significantly limited in choice, more diverse.
The chinchilla also perceives wooden objects as toys. With the help of twigs or twigs, it is possible to easily captivate the pet with games. Communication in this way will brighten up the gray everyday life of both the pet and its owner. A favorite will become more active and communicative, learn to trust a person.
Features of collecting and harvesting branches
The harvesting of twigs begins during the growing season of the trees. The reason is simple. the sap formed in the trees at this time is the most nutritious and valuable in composition. The signal for their collection is the appearance of kidneys. It is important to give preference to environmentally friendly places for cutting twigs. You should not choose for harvesting wood near highways, and even more so in industrial-type regions. Finding really clean branches in urban areas is also problematic.
During the collection and harvesting of branches, it is worth adhering to the following recommendations:
- The bark is represented by an impressive m of nutritional components, so there is no need to peel it off.
- When cutting stems with thorns (for example, in raspberries, hawthorns, gooseberries), you need to get rid of sharp thorns in order to eliminate the likelihood of injury to the animal’s oral cavity.
- The optimal choice is branches with a diameter of about 1 cm and a length of 5-7 cm each. It is these rods that are considered convenient for rodents that eat the treat, holding it in the front legs.
- After cutting, the branches must be washed under running water, and after that they are additionally doused with boiling water.
- You can dry the twigs in a natural way. under the sun in a suspended or unfolded state. An alternative and faster option is to use the oven at 150 ° C. In this case, the branches are stirred from time to time, and the oven door is slightly opened. The total time varies from the number of rods and can average from 2 to 5 hours.
- Completely dry branches are removed for storage. For this, cardboard boxes or paper bags are suitable. Polyethylene, film or plastic containers are not used for these purposes, because the rods in them can become moldy.
- Every 2-4 weeks, the branches are sorted out, checking for mold. If it does appear, discard the infected twigs, and rinse the rest again and dry in the oven again.
- Mostly branches are introduced into the diet in a dry or semi-dry form. Sometimes fresh are also allowed, but if possible it is better to refuse them so as not to harm the animal.
What branches can be given to a chinchilla
Rodents prefer fresh growth and bark of older trees:
- apple trees,
- and you,
- rose hips,
- linden trees.
Also, chinchilla’s favorite food are branches with leaves of rowan, birch, alder, pear, poplar, black currant, hawthorn, sea buckthorn, hazel, dogwood, elm, grapes, aspen, quince, blackberry, aspen, viburnum.
The twigs need to be dried well. this is very important.
It is not necessary to remove the entire bark: thanks to it, rodents can receive everything they need for the proper functioning of the body.
The following scheme will help to correctly distribute the number of branches of different types of plants:
- birch. 1 twig per week (means of preventing diarrhea);
- hawthorn. 1. 2 branches (peeled of leaves and thorns) per week;
- pussy willow. 1 piece of a branch in 10. 15 days. (not more often);
- elm. 1 shoot in 3 days;
- pear. 2 twigs 3 times a week;
- willow. 2 twigs three times every 7 days;
- viburnum. 2 shoots 1 time in 7 days;
- gooseberry. 3 twigs per week (no thorns);
- hazel. 1 branch twice every 7 days;
- linden. unlimited (can always be near the rodent);
- raspberries. 1 branch at 12-14 days (without thorns);
- sea buckthorn. 1 branch up to 2 times every 7 days (without leaves);
- alder. 1 twig every 7 days. (help in case of diarrhea);
- aspen. 1 branch within 2. 3 times within 7 days;
- mountain ash. 1 twig 1. 2 times a week (the fox is removed);
- currants. 3 twigs per week;
- mulberry. 1 twig for 7 days.
This wood can be used to make toys and furniture for chinchillas.
How to make a blank
Branches for chinchillas are harvested at the time of the growing season of trees. During the time when they contain the most useful substances. Areas for collecting branches should be chosen with a favorable ecological situation.
Do not cut branches of trees located in city parks, near industrial plants and highways.
The branches should be free of mold, as well as pests, lichen and fungal infections.
Branches are cut with a pruner at a time when buds have appeared on the trees, but the leaves have not yet begun to bloom. The juice that moves along the trunks during this period has the most nutritious composition.
- The branches for feeding chinchillas should only be alive. Dried, dirty, and with traces of mold are not suitable for the animal. If these are raspberry stalks, they should not be covered with sharp thorns, otherwise the animal may injure the oral cavity.
- The branches are cut into pieces of 5. 6 cm (it is more convenient to use not too thick ones: about 1 cm in diameter). If the sticks are more massive, the animal will gnaw only the bark from them, and the thin ones will eat them whole.
- The chopped branches are washed well and poured over with boiling water. Then they are placed on a baking sheet in a small layer and placed in the oven for drying.
- The time it takes for the twigs to dry completely will depend on the type of oven. If we are talking about a gas stove, at a temperature of 200C, they will reach the required state in 90 minutes. In this case, the door should not be completely closed. Stir the sticks every 30 minutes and check that they do not become charred.
- When the chinchilla twigs are completely dry, they are placed in a cardboard box (they can get moldy in a plastic container). If they are dry to the required degree, they should not grow mold. But still, within 7. 10 days you need to check their condition. When mold appears, the infected branches are thrown away, and the remaining ones are dried.
Why chinchilla twigs
Wood helps the rodent to diversify its food. It is needed as a supplement, thanks to which the animal receives vitamins and minerals.
With the help of hard wood, the chinchilla successfully grinds off its teeth, which must be done constantly.
Branches and wooden objects also function as toys for the animal. If the pet will not be distracted by various games, it may begin to gnaw its fur.
In terms of nutritional value, dry twigs are close to natural hay with relatively good quality. They contain up to 8. 15% proteins, various types of fats (5. 8%), as well as a large amount of fiber and other components. In industry, such raw materials are used to obtain vitamin flour.
What trees can chinchillas gnaw
Chinchilla nutrition should consist not only of vegetables, fruits, grains, etc. It is necessary that the pet gets along with food the substances necessary for the body, which are contained in various twigs, twigs and snags. But not every tree is suitable for the normal development of a rodent, and before you put any twigs in a cage to it, you need to figure out which trees chinchillas can gnaw so as not to harm the animal.
What wood is dangerous for chinchilla
There are many recommendations on which trees can be gnawed by chinchillas, but there are also types of trees and shrubs, the branches of which cannot be given to the animal. These include:
- citrus plants (branches, trunks, leaves);
- pine, spruce, fir and other conifers;
- any wood containing resin;
- branches and trunks of elderberry, maple, chestnut, acacia;
- branches, bark and bones of cherries, cherries, plums, apricots, peaches (when splitting, they form toxic substances that are dangerous to the life of a rodent).
The branches of wild rosemary, elderberry, buckthorn, almond, wolfberry, bird cherry also pose a threat to the animal due to increased toxicity. Therefore, they need to be excluded from the pet’s diet.
The uncontrolled use of twigs that are quite “edible” for chinchilla tree species can also end sadly. For example, if a pet uses birch branches more often than it should, this can lead to inflammation of the animal’s kidneys.
Building material such as chipboard and plywood should not be given to a chinchilla. In the manufacture of these materials, toxic glue with m of phenol is used. And if they are used to make a house for an animal, their ends are necessarily covered with metal corners to hide them from the teeth of a rodent.
Oak and alder contain tannins (tannin), and it would be more justified to feed them to an animal with indigestion.
Wood pulp is considered an important component of the rodent diet. And if you know which branches of trees can be given to chinchillas, you can provide the pet’s body with all the substances it needs.
The list of foods that can be given to chinchillas is quite long. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn,
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Rose hip,
Formulating a Chinchilla Diet
- Lettuce leaves,
- Spinach leaves,
- Sorrel leaves,
- Dandelion leaves and stems,
- Common nettle,
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Tops of plants,
- Twigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden twigs,
- Sprigs of hazelnut.
- Corn (corn kernels are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground),
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, flakes),
- Red and white beans,
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries. can be given to the animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more willing to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
It is recommended to collect fresh grass for fluffy pets in places far from roads and landfills, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass damp from dew or rain. And also make sure that no poisonous plants are caught among other herbs.
What can and can not feed a chinchilla
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivores. When buying an animal, you need to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on competent feeding. Therefore, every breeder should know about what can be given to chinchillas, and which foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are prohibited for feeding. This fruit, useful for humans, is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmons are high in sugar and astringents, which can lead to constipation.
It is not recommended to give chinchillas and beets.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. Which tree branches cannot be harvested:
- White acacia,
- Ash-leaved maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet cherries,
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple,
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. They cause severe constipation in healthy animals.
The branches of stone fruit trees (cherry, sweet cherry, plum, and so on) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such twigs, you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Prohibited products also include any type of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and dairy products.
Not all breeders know not to give chinchillas the leaves, stems and flowers of houseplants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people. for chinchillas becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never refuse tasty and aromatic food and can eat both a piece of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
Many breeders argue about the need or possibility of feeding these types of products to the animal. However, in small amounts, they are more beneficial.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas just love them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger lies in the fact that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat. walnuts, almonds, peanuts, or hazelnuts. The main thing is that there should be only one nut.
There is a lot of controversy about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those who are engaged in breeding and exhibitions know what a positive effect the seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an overabundance of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and stomach problems. Chinchillas can be given some pumpkin or watermelon seeds, sunflower seeds or flax seeds. It is very important to remember that the seeds must be fresh. Roasted seeds. pumpkin or sunflower seeds. will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as a treat. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots. we give it no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any of the types of dried fruits has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not entirely suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or a female who has just given birth. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can only give a small piece if you are constipated.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries. the animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few useful components. You can treat your pet with canned pineapples or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. The chinchilla’s intestines are very delicate and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new type of delicacy.
Also, breeders argue about the acceptability of feeding with crackers. It is not recommended to give a fresh loaf to the animals. it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from a yeast-free loaf, can become a good delicacy.
In the organization of food, it is not enough to know what you can feed a chinchilla and what not. Proper feeding also means adhering to the diet, keeping feeders and drinking bowls clean, as well as understanding the peculiarities of the animal’s digestion. The first and most important rule is that there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers must be clean. To do this, they must be disinfected with boiling water on a regular basis (at least twice a week). It is better not to use wooden feeders. they absorb odors and become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic ones, which are perfectly attached to the cage and are easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the entire cell. it kills microbes well and is odorless, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use regular laundry soap as a disinfectant. You can also wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage, with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the recreation area or even in the house. Many owners have noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of food and runs for cover.
Vegetables and fruits intended for the chinchilla must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all food leftovers are removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening, and succulent. in the morning. If the chinchilla is reluctant to eat, you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is monotonous food. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If you are not sure whether chinchillas can use this or that type of product, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.