A bluish gray or light blue coat with a graphite veil in combination with a white belly and pink ears looks just amazing. The eyes are shiny black. Sapphire is one of the most expensive and sought-after chinchillas.
The color appears by 7-8 months. Younger rodents with the declared sapphire color are best purchased in specialized nurseries.
Animals are not separated into a separate breed. An albino is an animal that has no color pigment at the genetic level. Has milky fur and red eyes.
It is considered the typical and most common color. The torso is uniform gray, lighter on the belly, chest and legs.
Breeds with white fur
White chinchillas look elegant and personable. They have their own nuances.
These types of chinchillas have beige fur as a base, the back and head are chocolate. The abdomen is sand-colored, sometimes almost white.
Gray fur with a blue tint and a lighter color on the abdomen and chest distinguishes rodents from the total gray mass.
Rodents, called white Wilson, are “dressed” in a white fur coat with possible admixtures of grayish or beige colors:
- Silver mosaic. The animal has a white fur coat with a silvery overflow and a dark fur of the head and base of the tail.
- Light mosaic. Rodents have light gray spots on a pure white coat. The scruff and ears are dark gray.
White chinchilla is not uncommon in nurseries. Breeders willingly grow it, the color is in demand
All breeds, species and colors of chinchillas with photos and names
There is a generally accepted opinion that the only chinchilla color is gray. However, this is not the case. For decades, breeders have sought to breed fluffies with interesting colors. This article contains useful information about what colors of chinchillas can be found in nurseries.
Constipation is a fatal pathology for chinchillas that causes rupture of the intestinal wall and death of the pet.
- with the inactivity of the fluffy animal;
- eating mostly concentrated feed;
- lack of water;
- stress and infectious diseases.
- sits in a hunched position;
- makes groans;
- refuses to eat;
- there is no bowel movement;
- a clogged intestine can be felt through the stomach.
It is recommended to drink vegetable oil for the pet, make it move, make a cleansing enema, feed it with fruits or herbs.
Parasitic diseases of chinchillas
In domestic chinchillas, ectoparasites are most often observed. lice, lice and ticks, worms and coccidia. Diagnosis and treatment of diseases must be carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Chinchilla infectious diseases
Chinchillas become infected with infectious diseases even at home with good care and maintenance through:
- contaminated feed, water and litter;
- bites of blood-sucking and arachnid insects;
- contact with sick animals.
Fluffy animals most often develop paratyphoid fever, listeriosis, tuberculosis, pseudotuberculosis, streptococcosis.
Such pathologies are characterized by a severe course and often fatal.
Treatment of infectious diseases of chinchillas is carried out only by a veterinary specialist after a comprehensive examination of the fluffy animal, clarifying the diagnosis and finding out the cause of the disease. Many pathologies require the prescription of specific drugs or the euthanasia of an infected animal.
The optimal conditions for keeping domestic chinchillas is an air temperature of 18-20 degrees with a humidity not higher than 60%. The air temperature above 25 degrees is fatal for small pets. With heatstroke, animals are in a depressed state, breathe heavily, refuse food, often there is a massive death of exotic animals. In case of overheating, it is necessary to place the pet in a cool room, excluding the possibility of finding animals in drafts. For resuscitation of the animal, drugs are used that support cardiovascular and respiratory activity.
Malocclusion in chinchillas develops in the absence of roughage and mineral stones in the animal’s diet, metabolic disorders in the body, and inherited transmission. Pathology is characterized by the formation of sharp edges on the teeth and malocclusion.
- scatters feed;
- refuses to eat;
- incomplete closing of the jaws is observed;
- wetting of the fur around the mouth;
- weight loss.
In case of problems with teeth, the wool becomes wet, the animal looks extremely sloppy
Treatment consists of cutting teeth by a specialist in a veterinary clinic under general anesthesia.
Chinchillas react very emotionally to a change of environment, loud noises, intrusive attention of pets and children, careless attitude of the owner, adding a new partner.
Sometimes fright can cause the sudden death of an exotic animal.
- lethargic and depressed;
- gnaws at its tail;
- food refusal and hair loss is observed.
In case of stress, it is necessary to place a frightened animal in a separate cage, create a quiet cozy atmosphere, treat it with your favorite treat and give time to calm down.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Chinchillas are very susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases. The slightest non-observance of the recommendations of experts on the proper nutrition of a chinchilla can lead to the following pathologies.
Bark and branches of fruit trees
Pears, apple trees, sea buckthorn are also actively used as twig feed.
It is forbidden to use branches of apricot, almond, elderberry and bird cherry for feeding chinchillas containing substances poisonous for pets.
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Responsible for the functioning of the immune and reproductive system. Lack of tocopherol leads to:
- pathological pregnancy and childbirth;
- congenital diseases of newborn puppies.
The chinchilla’s body needs sulfur, copper, iron, cobalt, magnesium, zinc, the lack of which is manifested:
- loss and deterioration of wool quality;
- nervous disorders;
- decreased reproductive function.
To replenish the need for trace elements, the rodent can eat:
- sprouts of wheat and oats;
- various greens;
Nuts are source of trace elements
A good option is the use of vitamin supplements and mineral supplements, developed for chinchillas, taking into account the daily needs of the animal.
The realities of being a chinchilla breeder
Some owners believe that everything that smart rodents eat cannot be harmful to the chinchilla’s body, and fluffy animals are able to independently identify harmful and useful foods. This insidious delusion sometimes turns into the death of pets as a result of eating prohibited foods.
At home, chinchillas drink from nipple drinkers suspended from the wall of the cage or aviary. Do not pour water into open containers to avoid rapid contamination and overturning of the dishes.
For fluffy rodents, use bottled non-carbonated baby water or purified with a charcoal filter, it is highly discouraged to give small pets water from the tap to avoid intestinal disorders.
It is recommended to change clean drinking water once a day. 2 times a week, it is necessary to wash off the mucus from the inner wall of the drinking device, treat the spout and the cavity of the drinker with boiling water.
Pine branches are cleaned of resin before feeding them to pets, rodents also willingly feast on pine cones.
Concentrated foods form the basis of the diet for small rodents, combining high nutritional value with minimal fat and sugar. Concentrated feeds include legumes and cereals, oilseeds. The ideal option is to use in the diet of chinchillas high-quality ready-made pelleted feeds from well-known manufacturers Versele Laga Chinchilla Degu Pro, Vitakraft Vita Special, Vitakraft Pellet, developed specifically for chinchillas, taking into account the physiological needs of rodents for nutrients. An adult eats about 1 kg of pelleted feed per month.
Chinchilla Pets : How to Breed Chinchillas
Granulated food for chinchillas is carefully balanced
Granulates are prepared according to a carefully verified recipe and contain the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals; feed is produced taking into account the age and physiological state of small pets.
When using only purchased or self-made cereal mixtures without introducing granular feed, the animals sort out the grains and eat not all the ingredients, which leads to a lack of nutrients in the pet’s body.
Granulated feed is recommended to be poured into feeders at the rate of 25-30 g per day per adult. When spilling or throwing away food, it is recommended to reduce the number of treats fed, do not add a new portion until the previous food has been eaten.
Diet of domestic chinchillas
The diet of pets is as close as possible to the composition and quality of feed that chinchillas eat in nature, taking into account the need of small rodents for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Failure to comply with the proportions of nutrients, the norm of vitamins and mineral supplements in the diet of chinchillas has an extremely negative effect:
- on the growth and formation of the skeleton of a domestic animal;
- quality of wool;
- reproductive, digestive, immune and excretory functions of the body.
In feeding your pet, it is important to maintain the correct balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
Given the lack of mobility of pets, the amount of food consumed should be correctly calculated in order to avoid the development of obesity in cute animals. You can feed a chinchilla with a relatively small amount of food, provided that it contains all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and trace elements in the required proportions.
At home, it is necessary to use not only hay and combined feeds that chinchillas eat to feed small animals, but also introduce mandatory additional products: fresh and dried herbs, berries and fruits, twigs, vitamin and mineral supplements.
Birch branches contain vitamins, carbohydrates and phytoncides, dried young leaves are source of vitamin C.
The fruits of the oak branch have an astringent effect and are highly nutritious food.
It is advisable to feed chinchillas with nutritious willow branches cut in winter.
What does a chinchilla eat
The chinchilla’s diet depends on the habitat. Mostly they live in the desert highlands, where they feed on dry and coarse food. They rarely eat juicy food in such conditions.
Chinchillas are herbivores, so vegetation forms the basis of the diet. Can also feed on small insects.
In nature, the chinchilla eats grass, crops, legumes, moss. Since this beautiful animal belongs to rodents, it needs to grind its teeth every day.
They gnaw on the branches of shrubs and trees, as well as the bark of trees.
Under natural conditions, wild chinchillas have much stronger immunity and digestive systems than domestic individuals. Vegetation, including roots and branches, is eaten along with the dirt.
At home, you need to feed the chinchilla with grass and branches, which must be cleaned of dirt and moss.
How to feed a chinchilla at home
Domestic chinchillas have a delicate digestive system and a weak liver. Rodent nutrition at home is completely dependent on the owner.
An improperly formulated diet can lead to illness and death of the animal. Therefore, the issue of feeding is very important.
- Specialized feed;
- Tree branches;
- Grain, groats;
- Vegetables, fruits, berries; dried fruits;
Chinchilla food mainly consists of hay and specialized feed. Juicy food and fresh herbs can only be fed in small quantities. An improperly formulated diet will lead to a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract and disease, which significantly reduces life expectancy.
Hay should always be in the cage. It is necessary for the normal functioning of the intestinal tract, improves digestion. Hay is useful not only for the digestive tract, but also necessary for grinding chinchilla incisors.
In summer, you can make your own hay. The grass should be collected in the forest or in the field. Then dry it for 1-2 months and feed it to the pet.
Purchased hay must be sorted out before feeding the chinchilla. It may contain thorns or sharp branches and roots.
But you cannot feed a chinchilla with only one hay. The diet must include specialized feed.
Also, pelleted food is useful for grinding the incisors of a rodent.
The daily rate is 1-2 tsp. If the animal begins to gain weight, the dose must be reduced.
In the wild, chinchillas eat tree branches, bushes, and their roots. But domestic animals have more sensitive digestion. Before you feed the branches, they must be cleaned of dirt, rinsed and dried.
- Apple tree;
- Birch tree;
In no case should you give chinchilla branches of stone fruit trees. These include cherries, plums, sweet cherries, peaches, apricots. Leaves and bark contain hydrocyanic acid, which is dangerous to animal health.
Juicy food includes vegetables, fruits and berries. Since in the wild, chinchillas rarely eat such food, it should be introduced with caution in the diet of a domestic chinchilla.
First, you need to feed a small amount of vegetables or fruits and watch the animal. If there is no negative reaction of the body, you can gradually increase the amount.
- Bell pepper;
Banana and melon are sweet fruits, feed them in small amounts.
- Black currant.
Before feeding the grass to the chinchilla, you need to dry it in the sun.
- Strawberry leaves;
- Lettuce leaves;
- Carrot tops;
What else can you feed a chinchilla
Before you buy a chinchilla, you should find out what it was fed with. The delicate gastrointestinal tract reacts sharply to feed changes. To avoid negative consequences, it is important to feed the chinchilla with the same food as before. The change of feed must be done carefully, gradually mixing it with the old feed.