home Article What can you feed your turtle at home?

What can you feed your turtle at home?

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Terrestrial turtle: what to feed

If you have a land turtle, then the question “what to feed?” won’t bother you too much. This type is the least fastidious in food and can eat any food. But there are products that should not be given to them: milk, a black loaf, dry food for other pets, cereals. It is worth giving them in limited quantities cucumbers, spinach, spicy varieties of herbs, sweet fruits and minced meat. In summer, feeding such turtles in the house does not cause any particular difficulties, in winter it is more difficult, because animals must necessarily include fresh vegetables and herbs in their daily diet (up to 70% of all food), as well as fruits (25%) and various additives (mineral. vitamin, protein).

Choosing the wrong food for a particular type of turtles can lead to metabolic disorders in the animal and the occurrence of digestive problems.

How to feed your turtle: tips and tricks

Turtles are one of the least dangerous exotic reptiles for humans, which easily took root as pets and are especially popular. When choosing such a new tenant of your house, the first thing to do is to find out what kind of care and what kind of food is needed for the type of this exotic animal you have chosen. It is especially important to know how to feed a turtle, because its health and longevity will largely depend on this. Most species of turtles are centenarians in their natural habitat, but can easily end up on the brink of life and death with improper diet at home.

Feeding turtles at home

Asking the question of what to feed the turtle at home, first of all it is worth focusing on the type of this animal, depending on which the choice of a rational diet is made.

The basis of the diet of this type, which, as a rule, most aquatic turtles belong to, should be food of animal origin. The diet of these amphibious predators should be up to 90% of food of this particular origin and only 10-30%. vegetable food. The main food for them is fish and liver, which is desirable to give no more than 1 time per week. Fish can be fed with bones, but always finely chopped for young turtles and whole or in large pieces for adults. Additional food for this type of turtles can be various seafood and lean meat, as well as snails. Various supplements for freshwater turtles can be a supplement to natural food.

What to Feed your Turtle

This type includes red-eared turtles popular in the home environment, as well as marsh turtles. Their diet in equal proportions should include food of plant and animal origin.

Red-eared turtle: what to feed

This is the most common type of domesticated turtles that enjoy both minced meat and pellet feed. To avoid calcium deficiency, it is worth giving them boiled, but preferably not too fatty fish. But you cannot make meat for them the main food, since this can lead to rickets in the animal. For young red-eared turtles it is best to give food of animal origin, for more mature individuals. food of plant origin. In an aquarium with small fish, these turtles, if not fed in time, can easily eat their neighbors.

Marsh turtle: what to feed

Such a turtle is a real predator, which can hardly be satisfied by feeding only cabbage and herbs. The main part of their diet is food of animal origin. In summer they can be fed with earthworms, bloodworms and pond snails. They also love small fish, which they can swallow whole or tear apart. It is worth feeding the marsh turtle at least once a week.

This type includes almost all land turtles, including the popular domestic species. Central Asian and Mediterranean. Their standard diet should include up to 90% plant foods and only 2-10%. food of animal origin. The main food of land turtles is any non-poisonous plants, vegetables, salads and fruits. There should be more vegetables on the menu of these animals than fruits.

How and what to feed your turtle: general features

Rational and balanced nutrition

Like the diet of other pets, the diet of any type of turtles should be rational and balanced. A harmonious menu of different types of food, including both plant and animal foods, is essential for all types of turtles. It is also important to ensure that these animals always have access to a shallow bowl of water, which must be changed daily.

It is important to keep track of your regular diet. A medium-sized adult turtle should eat at least half a cabbage of lettuce, or at least some other food, every day. If your turtle eats almost nothing. you should definitely pay attention to this: it is likely that your pet is sick. It is advisable to acquire scales and periodically weigh the animal, noting fluctuations in its weight in order to timely notice the occurrence of health problems of your pet.

The presence of calcium in the food is especially important for turtles, which provides them with a strong shell and bones. Since this important element is almost absent in plants, it is worth purchasing vitamin supplements with m calcium and adding them to food for the turtle. It is important to respect the dosage of such additives, as excessive use of them will have an adverse effect on the animal.

How to feed your turtle

  • by putting food in the aquarium water;
  • from tweezers;
  • leaving food on the sushi island in the aquarium;
  • outside the aquarium if you do not want to contaminate the water with food debris.

At first, it is worth feeding the turtle from your hand, so that the animal gradually gets used to independence and goes to you to eat. It is worth getting accustomed to new products gradually, and if there are several turtles, it is worth observing that the food goes to all animals. Turtles do not eat cold food, so the food must be taken out of the refrigerator in advance and given to the animal to eat only when it reaches room temperature. It is advisable to feed the turtle during the daytime, when the animal is most active, or, alternatively, a couple of hours before bedtime.

Adult red-eared turtles should be fed once every few days, young ones. every day. A land turtle should be fed once every 2 days for an adult and once a day for young animals. Dry food should only be consumed as a supplement to the main food. Young individuals and females, while waiting for offspring, should eat every day, and their menu must certainly include in such cases calcium and vitamin D in significant amounts.

feed, your, turtle, home

Even in the kingdom of reptiles, where only deep archaic instincts are honored, culture can be found. Experienced turtle owners already know that after walking.

Remember that all types of land turtles are herbivores. Before feeding a land turtle at home, you need to carefully.

Sometimes reptile owners have to figure out why the turtle is not eating anything. A pet may refuse food in several cases, when.

Many reptile owners do not fully understand the importance of formulating the correct diet for a pet, which will include all the necessary.

Many owners are wondering if vitamins are important for the turtle, and if so, which ones and how to feed them properly? Of course, vitamins will be beneficial for.

What to feed a land turtle?

These animals are among the most unpretentious. Turtles eat little, do not require special care. they are not difficult to keep at home. All land turtles are herbivorous reptiles. As mentioned above, their diet is 95% plant-based and 5% animal. Feeding inappropriate food for this group, such as meat, is fraught with disease.

Omnivorous turtles

The diet of this group of turtles should consist of 50 percent animal food and 50 percent vegetable. Omnivorous turtles include semi-aquatic and adult aquatic turtles, some species of land turtles: prickly, cuors, adult red-eared, Spengler, red-footed (coal), etc.

Their menu is half animal foods, see the list above, and half plant foods, see the list below. Aquatic turtles are pampered with fish and seafood (as animal food), and land turtles are given mice.

  • Plants that grow in water conditions are plant food for aquatic species.,
  • Land plants are given plants that live on the land, fruits and vegetables are added to them.

What the turtle likes?

Turtles’ favorite foods are lettuce and dandelion leaves. they can even be dried for the winter. She is also partial to vegetables and fruits. The main food consists of almost all plants, vegetables, fruits and berries that are not poisonous for turtles. Can be fed with field herbs and houseplants such as: aloe, pea stems and leaves, tradescantia, alfalfa, timothy grass, lawn grass, plantain, rhubarb, rhubarb, sprouted oats, barley, thistle, sorrel, coltsfoot.

The vegetable menu consists of peppers, beans, pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, radishes, beets, artichokes, this list will be supplemented by cucumber and horseradish, which should not be given in large quantities.

It is allowed to feed land turtles with a variety of fruits and berries: apples, apricots, plums, peaches, mangoes, bananas, oranges, tangerines, watermelon, raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, strawberries, blackberries, blueberries. Additional complementary foods are: mushrooms, dry commercial food, dry sea cabbage, young sunflower seeds, soybean meal, bran.


Food for carnivorous turtles should consist of 80% animal food and 20% vegetable. This group includes almost all types of aquatic and all young aquatic, such as young red-eared, cayman, trionyx, marsh, musk, etc.

The main food for them is:

  • lean fish, live or thawed, with entrails and small bones. For young turtles, the fish should be finely chopped (spine, excluding ribs) with bones, for adults. whole or in large pieces. Large bones can be chopped or chopped finely.
  • beef or chicken liver is given once a week;
  • seafood such as green (not pink) shrimp, seafood cocktail;
  • mammals (small): naked mice, rats, runners.

All seafood, as well as fish, the turtle can only eat raw, do not give thermally processed food;

Complementary feed, which must be given once a week, is:

  • Dry food for freshwater turtles, for example, in the form of sticks, tablets, flakes, granules, capsules, firms “Tetra”, “Sera”, etc.
  • Insects: moth, forage cockroaches, grasshoppers, bloodworms, crickets, earthworms, gammarus and so on;
  • Molluscs, amphibians, invertebrates: slugs, frogs, small snails with shells, tadpoles and similar marsh.
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It is forbidden to give to predatory turtles:

  • meat (beef, chicken, pork, lamb, sausages, sausage, any kind of minced meat, etc.), as well as fatty fish, milk, cheese, loaf, fruit, dog or cat food, etc.

Three groups of turtles

Can’t be given to turtles

It is undesirable to feed onions, garlic, spinach, spicy herbs, grasshoppers, crickets, domestic cockroaches, poisonous insects, cherries, eggshells (causes salmonellosis), feed one type of vegetable or fruit.

Prohibited foods include:

  • potato,
  • medicinal, which include alkaloids,
  • indoor (dieffenbachia, euphorbia, azalea, elodea, ambulia, oleander, elodea.
  • vitamin D2 and the drug gamavit (they are toxic to reptiles).
  • milk, loaf, citrus peel, from fruits and berries, seeds, pet food, “human” food, including cereals (with the exception of oatmeal, which is not cooked, but soaked in water or vegetable juice, it should be given no more than 1 time per month), meat, any cooked foods.

From malnutrition in an animal, irreversible changes in the liver begin, which can lead to a much shorter life.

What to feed a land turtle at home?

In natural conditions, turtles take care of themselves by choosing the right food. If they need to, they eat protein foods, as well as minerals, which are necessary for the formation of the shell. If the turtle becomes a pet, then it completely falls on people, and the owner is engaged in its nutrition.

Meat and insects

Insects can be used as additional food; you should feed the aquatic turtle with insects no more than once a week. For individuals under the age of two, it is worth refraining from feeding on insects. Insects can be stored in the refrigerator and offered to reptiles after thawing. Dry, live and stunned insects are also suitable. In any case, you should observe your pet’s reaction to such food.

The following types of insects are suitable for the turtle‘s diet:

From meat products, you can offer the turtle chicken or other lean poultry meat. Beef can be given occasionally. Chicken or beef liver will also please your turtle. Fatty meats such as lamb or pork should be avoided.

Prohibited foods

Foods that cannot be fed to a sea turtle include:

  • fatty fish and meat, as well as fatty minced meat;
  • dairy products (cheeses, milk, cottage cheese);
  • eggs and eggshells in any form;
  • crab sticks and other preservatives;
  • salty, peppery food.


In the diet of an aquatic turtle, protein must be present. It is vital for your pet’s health, so keeping a predatory aquatic turtle on a plant-based diet is unacceptable. Experts recommend this proportion of animal and plant foods:

  • 70-90% of the diet should be food of animal origin, preference should be given to fish and seafood, but with great pleasure the reptile will also eat meat, for example, young mice and rat pups, while rat pups are preferable.
  • Food of plant origin can be present in the diet up to 20%. You can feed the aquatic turtle with lettuce, plantain, clover, seaweed, carrot tops and wheat germ.
  • No more than 10% of the food can be dry specialized food containing vitamin D3 and other necessary microelements and vitamins.

Now let’s take a closer look at how to feed a water turtle at home and make a list of suitable products.

Fish and seafood

The basis of the diet should be food that is a habit for the reptile, i.e. the kind that your pet eats in its natural habitat, mostly fish and seafood.

The fish should be not fatty and small in size. Ideally, the turtle can swallow the fish whole with bones and head. It is not necessary to give live food to the turtle, but experts recommend occasionally releasing live fish into the aquarium (or a special feeder) to maintain the predator’s instinct. It is better to cut the large fish into pieces and remove the scales. The following types of fish are suitable for feeding:

  • crucian carp,
  • perch,
  • hake,
  • cod,
  • goby,
  • blue whiting.

Fish caviar can also be offered to a turtle.

Fatty fish, before giving to the reptile, should be cut into pieces and poured over with boiling water, and then held in hot water for a while. It is better to refrain from feeding the turtle with these fish:

  • Tulle,
  • sprat,
  • herring,
  • mullet,
  • pink salmon,
  • capelin.

Vegetable feed

You should feed the sea turtle at home with vegetable food no more than two to three times a month. Only adults who have reached the age of two should be offered food of plant origin.

This is due to the fact that with age, turtles accumulate the required amount of protein and do not require as intensive growth as young individuals. It is also worth understanding that your turtle may refuse vegetable food, for example, Trionix will treat such food with contempt, and most likely will leave it untouched.

As a plant food, you can offer your pet plants that are suitable for feeding land turtles:

  • Young leaves of dandelion, plantain, nettle.
  • Sprouted wheat, young shoots of carrots.
  • Young cabbage leaf or salad.
  • Various seaweed, dry seaweed.
  • Cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin.
  • Apples, banana, pear.

What to feed an aquatic turtle

Aquatic turtles are predators, unlike their land-based counterparts, so you need to feed the aquatic turtle accordingly, most of them with animal products. Thanks to this diet, these turtles have a higher metabolism than land species. Therefore, the approach to the diet of an aquatic turtle should be somewhat different than to a land turtle.

Where to feed and how often

When asked how much to feed domestic aquatic turtles, the answer is the same as in the case of their land counterparts. For young individuals, it will be enough once a day, preferably in the morning. For reptiles that have reached the age of two, food can be offered two or three times a week, adults are also best fed in the morning, although this is not as important for sea turtles as for land turtles. If your turtle loves to eat at night, do not deny her this pleasure.

It is best to feed your aquatic turtle at home in a separate container. This is due, first of all, to the fact that the remains of fish and other food of animal origin will remain in the aquarium, thereby polluting it. If you do not put the turtle in a separate container, you will have to change the water in the reptile’s aquarium two or even three times a week. To avoid an unpleasant smell and possible pet illness, the easiest way is to purchase a small aquarium for feeding the turtle, or another container where to place the turtle during a meal. After the turtle has eaten, return it to the aquarium.

Now you know what to feed your domestic aquatic turtles, and we hope that this information will help your pet to stay healthy for many years.

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Vitamins and Mineral Blends

The most common and useful food is gammarus, which is rich in calcium. Also give bone meal 1 time per week 1 teaspoon. Crushed eggshells can be used instead of bone meal.


Insects are fed to aquatic turtles 1-2 times a week.

Of insects, the red-eared turtle eats grasshoppers, beetles, smooth caterpillars, crickets, and earthworms. In the summer, such food can be collected in nature. However, do not collect them in places that have been treated with chemicals.

It is highly undesirable to give domestic cockroaches to a turtle. They are often poisoned and the poison can get into the turtle’s stomach.

The most common food for turtles is gammarus, which are small dried crustaceans. This food contains a large amount of calcium, which the turtle needs for the growth and strength of the shell. You can also feed the turtle with a coretra and daphnia.

Cottage cheese, eggs

Cottage cheese can be fed as a separate feed. It is very inconvenient to feed it to the turtle, since small particles dissolve in the water. But turtles like to catch such food from the water and eat.

Eggs are usually used as a soft food that is mixed with other foods. To prepare food yourself, you need to chop vegetables, fish, add raw eggs. Dissolve the gelatin and add to the mixture.

Food for cats and dogs

Often, aquatic turtles’ owners try to feed them dry or wet food intended for dogs or cats. Such food is intended for dogs or cats, and contains a maximum of nutrients specifically for their body. For a red-eared turtle, such food will not harm, but it will not be useful either.

What does a red-eared turtle eat?

In nature, turtles feed on algae, plankton, eat small fish, snails, and are very fond of crustaceans.

At home, the red-eared turtle eats almost everything, it is unpretentious in food. For a turtle to have a strong shell and healthy skin, it requires both plant foods and animal feed. Food of animal origin for turtles under one year old should make up more than 80% of the diet. For red-eared turtles older than a year, you need to increase the proportion of plant foods.


In summer, the turtle is fed dandelion leaves, plantain, clover, coltsfoot. You can find lettuce leaves in almost every vegetable garden. Turtles also love dried seaweed.

Greens can be collected in the yard. The main thing is away from the road, or in the forest. Before feeding, the greens need to be sorted out and washed thoroughly.

Sprouted grass from grains is considered a very nutritious top dressing. You can germinate barley or oats. As soon as greens 5-10 cm high appear, they are cut off and given to the turtle.

Algae are grown in a separate container for turtles. Why do they need to be grown separately and not in the same tank as the turtle? Red-eared turtles are gluttons. The algae will not have time to grow, they will be eaten immediately. If there is too much vegetation, the turtle can ignore other food, because it will be full. Duckweed, aquatic watercress, spirogyra are grown from algae.

Fruits and vegetables

From fruits, the turtle can be given apples, pears, bananas, peaches, plums, oranges, apricots, melons. Citrus fruits must be peeled, cut into pieces and fed to the aquatic turtle.

HOW TO FEED TURTLES. The Basics | Turtle 101

Vegetables are fed with cucumber, zucchini, cabbage, tomato, angle grinder pepper, pumpkin, carrots, beets, legumes.

Fruits are source of vitamins, and vegetables are rich in fiber, which helps with food absorption and is good for the digestive tract.

In addition to vegetables and fruits, the turtle can be given mushrooms once a week. Champignons, boletus will do. Cut into slices and feed to the turtle.

What to feed a turtle, except for meat

Red-eared turtles should not be fed only with meat, otherwise diseases such as rickets, hypovitaminosis, and obesity may develop. The diet must include plant foods rich in fiber and vitamins.

How to feed a river turtle at home?

Aquatic turtles live exclusively in water, and only the need to bask in the sun or lay their eggs forces them to get out on land. It is at such moments that they are picked up by people who are not always aware of what to feed the river turtle and how to keep it at home. Nature has endowed this reptile with great patience and endurance. But, finding herself in unfavorable conditions of existence, she is unlikely to make it up to the hundred years of life allotted to her.

River turtle diet

Experts do not advise bringing a turtle that comes across on the way home, except in some cases when its appearance indicates that it is difficult for it to feed itself. To keep reptiles, you need a terrarium with a sortie and ideally clean water, since the turtle can only eat in water. To make the reservoir less polluted, a separate container is taken away for feeding.

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Predatory river turtles are often fed plants intended for terrestrial species, complaining that they live from hand to mouth. This should never be done. The percentage of plant foods that can be fed to a river turtle at home should be much less than that of animal origin.

The diversity of the turtle’s diet at home is inferior to wildlife. The main food is considered to be fish, although this is not entirely correct. The water turtle happily feeds on frogs, worms, shrimps, squid and small rodents. In no case should food be subjected to heat treatment.

How often should a water turtle be fed?

Growing youngsters should be fed daily, while older individuals should be fed once every two or three days. Once every seven days, turtles are fed chicken or beef liver. She is not often given additional food, which is a variety of insects, invertebrates and molluscs.

For water turtles, special dry food has also been developed, containing vitamins and microelements necessary for the body. But, most of all, they need calcium, which is absorbed only with special lamps that replace natural sunlight. A small proportion of plant foods most often consists of algae, duckweed, dandelion and soft parts of plants growing near water bodies.

What you can’t feed a river turtle at home?

Food from our table is dangerous for the body of a turtle, including vegetables and fruits, as well as everything that is used by pets. It is not recommended to give her meat products and fish containing a lot of fat. You need to be extremely careful when choosing insects and plants, as some of them can be poisonous, while others can interfere with calcium absorption or can cause iodine deficiency.

How to feed a land turtle at home

Land turtles are a popular reptile species that many have at home. These are interesting animals that have a wayward character and beautiful appearance, but at the same time they do not require special care. If in the conditions of nature they themselves get food for food, then in the conditions of an apartment or house, the owner of the reptile should take care of this. Food for land turtles should be varied and balanced. The daily diet of this animal should include plant and protein foods, as well as useful supplements.

Sample menu and additional components

Grooming and turtles provides a comfortable stay for the pet in captivity. It is important to think over a balanced menu for every day. It is advisable to draw up it in advance so that your pet is always full of vitality.

Your daily diet should look something like this:

  • once a day, you can give 50 grams of fresh stems of herbs in a sprouted form;
  • the turtle can be fed with beetroot roots, their number per day should be no more than 30 grams;
  • it is necessary to give 30 grams of cabbage leaves;
  • you can include boiled potatoes. 30 grams per day will be enough;
  • among protein foods, there may be minced meat, red worms, slugs. The amount of this food should be no more than 5 grams;
  • 20 grams white loaf;
  • it is recommended to include various vitamin supplements. fish oil and others. They should be given 1 gram per day.

In order to strengthen the structure of the shell, a sufficient amount of calcium must be supplied to the reptile’s body. An increased amount of this component is found in cottage cheese, semolina and buckwheat porridge. And how many times to give this food to a reptile, a veterinarian can tell for sure, but it is recommended to give it about 1 time in 7 days.

In winter and summer, additional feed mixtures should be included in the turtle’s menu. Land animals should consume the following foods once a week:

  • Dry seaweed;
  • Bran;
  • Raw sunflower seeds;
  • Dry yeast;
  • Soybean meal;
  • The presence of special dry feed mixtures that are intended for this reptile;
  • Non-poisonous mushrooms.

Care must necessarily include the arrangement of the drinker. A land turtle should be watered regularly, water is required for its normal development and full functioning of the body. But how often she should drink, it all depends on her body. some drink every day, while others 1-2 times a month.

What to feed your turtle?

In the wild, the land turtle gets its own food. These animals love to eat grass, various algae, roots, berries. The first task of the owner when keeping a reptile of this species should be to ensure proper and balanced nutrition.

Note! The further condition and development of the pet will depend on a well-designed diet. It is important that the menu included various mineral components and vitamins that will ensure the growth of the pet.

Your turtle should eat the following foods at home:

  • greens. clover leaves, wheat germ, leaves, dandelion flowers, coltsfoot, parsley stalks and leaves, lettuce leaves, aloe;
  • various vegetable crops. Amphibians are especially fond of carrot roots, cabbage leaves, green peas, beets, pumpkin, zucchini, tomatoes, fresh cucumbers;
  • freshwater for a sweet soul gobble up various types of berries. For their feeding, you can use cherries, currants, raspberries, grapes, strawberries;
  • a sufficient amount of fruit must be present in the diet.

In order for the feeding to be comfortable, all tough fruits and vegetables can be cut into small pieces. Bananas and soft berries can be given whole, before giving fruit, all seeds must be completely removed from them, otherwise the reptile may choke on them.

Feeding rules

Turtles should eat at the same time, this is the key to their good health and full development. It is advisable to do this in the morning. Over time, the reptile will get used to this regime, and will look forward to its favorite treat.

When feeding, be sure to follow a number of important rules:

  • juveniles need to be fed every day. Older turtles can be fed once every 2 days;
  • feed mixtures must be poured into a clean bowl, for this reason it must be rinsed first;
  • portions should be small. But the reptile usually eats as much as it needs;
  • after a meal from the terrarium, you need to remove all leftovers from the food;
  • the presence of pungent odors, strong noise can adversely affect the activity of the digestive system;
  • in any case, do not teach your pet to eat from the hands.

If we considered above what to feed the land turtles, then there are some foods that cannot be included in the diet of this amphibian animal. In order for the care to be correct, the following products should be excluded:

  • garlic;
  • spicy greens;
  • spinach leaves;
  • insects;
  • poisonous plants;
  • food from a person’s table;
  • milk;
  • pet food.

It is important to be able to properly care for your turtle, because care is the basis for its comfortable life in captivity. First of all, it is worth considering the correct diet. For a turtle of this species, it is important that it contains both plant and protein foods. It is such nutrition that can ensure the normal development of this reptile.

Do I need to water the turtle

As a rule, land turtles get the main dose of moisture from vegetables, fruits and greens. Most experts say that it is enough to provide the turtle with a bath of water once a week and it will not suffer from a lack of moisture. The fact is that turtles are able to replenish the lack of water through their skin. If the turtle swims in a bowl of water for 10 minutes, then this is quite enough for it.

There are cases that after purchasing a turtle, this small animal still suffers from a lack of moisture. In such cases, provide the turtle with daily baths of water for some time. Water must be poured up to half of the body so that the head looks out of the water. For this purpose, at first, you can install a drinking bowl with clean water so that the turtle can drink at any time.

Turtle diet

In the process of drawing up her diet, one must take into account the fact that certain substances, such as vitamin D3, can adversely affect her health. You should carefully study the list of substances prohibited for land turtles.

It should be remembered that in animals that fall into captivity, there is a shift in its behavior. With a lack of nutrients, she will begin to eat everything, including the land in the terrarium. To prevent this from happening, you should take great responsibility to the organization of your pet’s nutrition. With proper and balanced nutrition, the turtle will delight others for many years.

Therefore, before starting to feed the animal, you should draw up an approximate diet:

  • As mentioned above, the basis of the diet is greens, in the form of lettuce and dandelion leaves, plantain and alfalfa, thistle and sorrel, lawn grass, as well as leaves and stalks of legumes (peas or beans). In addition to this greenery, turtles are happy to eat the inflorescences of various plants. The main component must always be in the feeder, and how much of it the reptile will decide.
  • In second place are vegetables. Turtles love to feast on pumpkin seeds, fresh carrots, ripe zucchini, young beets and radishes. Once a month, the turtle can be given a taste of cucumber or horseradish.
  • The list of berries and fruits must include apples and pears. From time to time, you can include apricots, plums, raspberries, strawberries, as well as watermelon in the diet, but in small quantities.

What do turtles eat in their natural habitat??

The diet of land turtles consists of plant foods. Being in natural conditions, the turtle consumes all the necessary nutrients to ensure its normal development. At the same time, the turtle always feels what kind of microelements it lacks at this or that stage of its life, and it copes with this task perfectly, looking for the food that it needs.

The turtle can be in a state of searching for scarce food for a long time without damage to its health. You can learn a lot about these amazing animals by reading the relevant information on the Internet.

What to feed land turtles

Most species of land turtles feed on plant foods. Therefore, if such a turtle is kept at home, then you need to be very careful about its diet. People who faced a pernicious problem began to maintain special nutrition journals for their pets:

As a rule, the menu is prepared in advance, with planning for every day. This takes into account all the necessary vitamin supplements, in the form of calcium and various amino acids. If you bought a turtle, and you don’t know how to feed it, then first you should at least make a preliminary planning of its diet. In the process of feeding, it will become clear how to make adjustments to her nutrition. In order not to risk it, it is better to seek information from a specialist or “rummage” on the Internet, where there is a lot of useful information.

It is very important that nutrition is optimal and balanced. The turtle should not be overfeed, but it should not be allowed to starve. Her diet should include foods rich in essential vitamins and minerals to ensure the pet’s normal development and growth.

If the turtle eats a lot of different foods, it can negatively affect the health and longevity of the pet. Overeating in the turtle can develop liver and gastrointestinal tract diseases.

If the amount of food is insufficient, the turtle will not receive the required amount of nutrients, which can lead to defects in development.

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Although land turtles eat mostly plant foods, care should be taken to ensure that the turtle also consumes animal food. This may not be more than 5% of the total diet, but this is quite enough for its normal development.

Those who do not know how to feed this animal can purchase special artificial supplements with vitamins, proteins and other microelements. How many such additives are required to the main diet is indicated on the package.

A complete list of permitted plants and vegetables can be found here.

What you can’t feed land turtles?

Unfortunately, the list of prohibited foods is quite extensive and should be consulted. This list includes cockroaches, crickets, eggshells, potatoes, garlic or onions, various meat products (including sausage and minced meat), a loaf, milk, various cereals (except rolled oats), citrus peels, cherries, seeds from any berries These foods can cause liver disease, which can significantly shorten the liver’s lifespan. Therefore, when starting to draw up her diet, one should take into account the harmful effects of the above products on the turtle’s liver and not include them in the diet.

A complete list of prohibited foods can be found here.

Turtle feeding in winter and summer

Despite the fact that the animal is in captivity, it can feel the approach of cold weather, which contributes to a change in taste preferences. In the summer, the turtle eats more juicy foods, then with the arrival of the colder season, it prefers soaked hay and less juicy vegetables. In any case, you need to monitor the behavior of the turtle, as well as the fact that it consumes more from food.

How to train your turtle to eat on land?

To create a “happy” and comfortable life for her, a domestic turtle must be fed correctly, while paying attention not only to the diet itself, but also to the peculiarities of the feeding technique.

Inexperienced owners should find out in advance how to care for a turtle at home so as not to harm the animal. The difficulty lies in the fact that it needs to be taught to eat on land, the turtle must understand that it needs to get out of the water in order to get its food. To do this, you need to learn how to lure her to the shore. First, the food is placed near the water’s edge on an inclined bank. Then the food slightly diluted with water is placed in a small saucer, which is placed further and further from the water’s edge each time, thanks to which the animal begins to understand that in order to eat it, it will have to temporarily leave the water.

You can also feed the turtle on the shore in a different way. by placing it in a shallow container of water. Then it will be more convenient to add powders of vitamins and calcium salts to the feed for successful growth.

All owners of these animals know that their pets prefer to eat in the water and in the aquarium, which is their home, however, this method of feeding has a number of serious disadvantages. In water, food (especially animal) deteriorates instantly, quickly destroying biofilters and clogging the water.

If the turtle still cannot be taught to eat outside the aquarium, then the rule should be strictly observed. in half an hour after feeding, remove all food debris from the water, since this time should be enough for the animal to get enough.

Important tips for turtles feeding

The older the turtle becomes, the more it begins to eat plant food, which must be taken into account by turtle owners. Algae planted in an aquarium will not survive for a long time. turtles will quickly destroy them. Therefore, as a permanent food, they will have to constantly increase the proportion of plant food (duckweed and algae from natural reservoirs, edogonium, elodea, aquatic watercress, young cabbage and lettuce).

It is important not only to choose the right diet, but also to choose the right amount of meals:

  • young animals up to two years old need to be fed every day;
  • it is enough to feed adults only once every three days, but it is plentiful (however, this is also true for “young people”), since turtles are well-known gourmets and gluttons who love to eat densely and tasty.

Once again, we draw your attention to the fact that for the turtle, a balanced and proper diet is the most important factor for a long and healthy life. Only high-quality and fresh products can be used to feed turtles.

Remember that turtles will refuse food directly from the refrigerator, because, being cold-blooded, they avoid eating cold, so before feeding them, you need to take food out of the refrigerator in advance and bring it to room temperature (you can warm it up slightly).

Food contraindicated for turtles

As reptiles, turtles are unable to digest dairy products because they lack the enzymes that break down lactose. Therefore, there is no place in their diet for products such as yogurt, milk, cottage cheese or cheese. You can not feed them with products obtained from industrial processing, which have a dubious composition, and canned food.

In their natural habitat, turtles can even eat some poisonous seeds. But since we know little about their natural diet, we should not risk offering your pet plants such as rhubarb or avocado.

How to feed turtles at home?

Unfortunately, many people do not take turtles seriously enough, not like other domestic animals, they know little about the peculiarities of their maintenance and care for them, and most importantly, they are not very interested in the question of what to feed the turtles. But these crumbs also require a balanced diet, various nutritional supplements for active growth and good health.

What to feed domestic turtles?

When choosing a diet for land turtles, the most important factor is that they get enough calcium. For this purpose, lean small fish should be added to their food right with the bones, periodically fed to them aquarium or land snails. Due to their relatively small size, turtles can swallow whole, for example, guppies or other small aquarium fish. To further increase calcium in the diet, many often defrost large fish and cut them into pieces. For this, fish of the perch family are better suited, but it is undesirable to use mackerel and herring. Large bones must be removed from large fish, and fillets and vertebral bones must be chopped and added to other food. If the fish is too oily (sprat, capelin, herring, sprat), then it should be kept in very hot (80 degrees) water for a couple of minutes before feeding.

Experienced owners of these amphibians know how to feed domestic turtles, and each of them will say that meat is the most unsuitable food for these pets. With a meat diet in turtles, the risk of developing hypovitaminosis and rickets increases. Meat can only be used as a small addition to the “correct” feed and only in individuals raised on pelleted feed, since some of its types do not contain enough protein. In addition, there is another danger in meat. if you teach a turtle to it, then it will refuse other food, which will negatively affect its health.

Treats for turtles

When considering what to feed the turtles at home, do not forget to pamper them. It is advisable, in addition to the necessary, but somewhat boring food, to offer the turtles various delicacies. Usually, any species of turtles, including Trionix, are very fond of special live food: bloodworms, earthworms, carriage, tubipes. Young turtles are especially partial to such supplements, for which they are also necessary and useful, especially after a long fast caused by hibernation or illness. Indeed, depending on the size of the individual, the turtle can sleep at least 10 weeks, and maximum. 5 months.

Turtles are very fond of shrimp and squid meat, and raw liver not only suits their taste, but is also very useful. But the liver should not be the main food, but can be used about once a week as a supplement, replacing vitamins completely.

Turtle feeding in winter and summer

Despite the fact that the animal is in captivity, it can feel the approach of cold weather, which contributes to a change in taste preferences. In the summer, the turtle eats more juicy foods, then with the arrival of the colder season, it prefers soaked hay and less juicy vegetables. In any case, you need to monitor the behavior of the turtle, as well as the fact that it consumes more from food.

Feeding rules for land and aquatic turtles

Answers to the main questions that arise when feeding turtles: food size, amount, temperature, what food to feed, where to feed, feeding.

Depending on the size of the reptile, the food should be finely, medium or coarsely chopped. One piece should be less than half of the turtle’s head. Aquatic turtles tear large pieces with sharp claws, so they can be fed larger food. Lettuce and weeds do not need to be chopped.

What turtles eat in nature?

In the aquatic species of reptiles, the main interest is shown in protein foods, while land turtles are extremely partial to vegetable delicacies. But this does not mean at all that these two species do not want to diversify their diet with something special. In natural conditions, they eat whatever they like, but at home they do not eat what the turtle eats in the wild.

For example, an aquatic reptile is used to foraging underwater in the form of tadpoles, small fish, or insects. Some species, like the snapping turtle, can easily feed on a frog or even a duck.

Individuals of the Kistudo family, or in another way the marsh turtle, are a kind of intermediate version of a land and water reptile. She gets food for herself on land, hunting not for other animals and insects, but for juicy berries or other plant food.

Terrestrial species inhabiting Central Asia and the Mediterranean spend the whole day in their burrow and go out in search of something to eat only after sunset. Their favorite food is fruits and various nutritious plants. It is this species that is most popular among lovers of these leisurely pets.

How to feed your turtle: tips and tricks

Turtles are one of the least dangerous exotic reptiles for humans, which easily took root as pets and are especially popular. When choosing such a new tenant of your house, the first thing to do is to find out what kind of care and what kind of food is needed for the type of this exotic animal you have chosen. It is especially important to know how to feed a turtle, because its health and longevity will largely depend on this. Most species of turtles are centenarians in their natural habitat, but can easily end up on the brink of life and death with improper diet at home.

Eating turtles in winter

There is a lot of fresh vegetation in the summer, but what can you feed your turtles at home in winter? There are several alternative ways to feed your pet on frosty days. It is necessary to prepare for the winter in advance and check if the reptile in captivity will eat dried or frozen foods.

The turtle can be seed-fed in winter. These can be seeds of basil, clover, alfalfa, lemon balm, arugula, chamomile, oregano, thyme.