home Dogs What can you give your dog besides dry food?

What can you give your dog besides dry food?

Feeding Dogs Food: Dry or Wet Food?

Sooner or later, every pet owner is faced with the question: “Is feeding a dog food good or bad?” Let’s be honest: there is no single answer. And this type of food has both its pros and cons. Dog food is convenient because it doesn’t need to be cooked. Just open the package and a balanced breakfast / lunch / dinner for the dog is ready.

A good product contains all the necessary substances and vitamins. One has only to choose the right type of food, and your dog will not be at risk of obesity or exhaustion. What is the best dog food? Manufacturers offer 3 types of finished products:

  • dry;
  • semi-moist;
  • wet.

When choosing food for a dog’s nutrition, be guided by the characteristics of your pet. Take into account its breed, size, appetite and taste preferences. And also consider the characteristics of the feed.

Canned food

Manufacturers delight with a variety of canned dogs. It can be pate, and pieces of meat in sauce, and ordinary stew. This food is called wet food. These dog foods are very popular. Why do owners of tetrapods choose canned food? And why do eared-tailed creatures gobble up food from cans with pleasure? Let’s figure it out:

  • wet food contains a lot of moisture. Therefore, it is ideal for travel. It partly replaces the animal with drinking;
  • feeding the dog with canned food is appropriate if the pet has no problems digesting regular food. Wet canned food is quickly and easily digested;
  • they have a pleasant aroma and, as the manufacturers say, excellent taste. Therefore, dogs like.

Feeding dogs with canned food is beneficial when combined with pellet feeding. By itself, wet canned food is not able to clean the teeth of a dog from stone, but in combination with porous pads, the desired effect is achieved.

What disadvantages are noted by owners whose pets eat food from a tin can? The most commonly discussed cons are:

  • Wet dog food is addictive. Therefore, if your miracle suddenly refuses to eat boiled meat or sniffs out cottage cheese, do not be surprised. If you do not intend to feed the animal with canned food all the time, do not resort to this type of food too often;
  • canned dog food is unreasonably expensive. The bulk of the product contains no more than 30% natural meat. That is, the nutritional value of the product is small.

How to determine that you have good canned food in front of you? Take a look at what the manufacturer writes in the composition. It is important that specific types of meat and offal are indicated. In this case, you can be sure of the quality of the product. Avoid dog food that includes colors and artificial flavors.

Dry dog ​​food

What is dry food? It is a granular product that looks like small porous sponges. Good food is made from natural meat, and cereals can also be included. High-quality feed contains minerals and vitamins that are responsible for the good health of the four-legged friend. Granulated feed has the following advantages:

  • this advantage is more likely to please the owner than the pet. Dry food does not stain the bowl like any other. Therefore, if the pet does not show accuracy during the meal, greasy stains from food flying out of the bowl will not appear on the floor;
  • chewing food, the dog cleans teeth from plaque. The porous and sufficiently firm structure of pelleted dog food has a beneficial effect on the teeth of the animal;
  • food in granules is a great option for a dog when traveling.

Remember, only the highest quality dry food will provide your pet with a balanced diet. If the pet refuses to eat the granules, you can soften them with water or low-fat kefir.

Like any food, even the healthiest one, pellet food has its drawbacks that you need to be aware of. What “pitfalls” are there when feeding a pet with granulated products? So:

  • some owners note that dry dog ​​food causes flatulence in pets;
  • you can hardly trace the quality of a product by smelling it. It remains only to trust the manufacturer, having familiarized yourself with the composition and date of manufacture.

Choose premium and super premium feed. Budget foods include soy, hormones, pesticides, and chemical additives that can undermine your pet’s health.

Semi-moist feed

For fastidious dogs who do not like dry or wet food, manufacturers have developed semi-moist food. What is semi-moist dog food? These are soft croquettes with little liquid. Semi-moist food does not have a pronounced odor. It has the qualities of both dry and wet feed. But at the same time it is not in great demand. Most often, products of this type are designed for animals with allergies. The range of semi-moist feed is not wide.

Rules for feeding dogs with food

Still, what to choose: canned food or dry dog ​​food? Or maybe semi-wet? How to choose pet food? Focus on your pet, watch whether he devours food with appetite or stands over the bowl for a long time. It is also worth consulting your veterinarian when choosing the type of food. But, as mentioned above, according to the norms for feeding dogs with dry food, the diet should be diluted with canned food and even natural food.

Mixing different types of food is strictly prohibited. But you can give them one by one. For example, feed pellets in the morning, and indulge your pet with wet food in the evening. And do not forget that when eating dry food, the animal drinks a lot of liquid. How to transfer an animal from one type of food to another or introduce a new type of food into the diet? Keep in mind, this is a long process, not a one-day one. Give your pet a new type of food gradually, increasing the portion over the course of 7. 21 days.

Experts advise feeding the dog 1-2 times a day (depending on the breed and size of the pet). Give food at the same time in a certain amount. It is undesirable for food to be freely available: the pet can eat not because of hunger, but for the sake of satisfying taste buds.

Dog food

give, your, besides, food

How to feed your dog properly?

This question is always worried about the happy owner of the dog. Each of us wants to pamper our tailed friend, but at the same time maintain his health and vigor. And we all know that a lot depends on what and how our pet eats. And even with the modern rhythm of life, it becomes important that feeding the dog does not require a lot of trouble. Let’s try to figure out what are the main points to consider when drawing up a dog menu.

General rules for feeding dogs

There are some general rules for feeding a dog:

The pet should be fed after a walk, because eating before emptying the bowels and bladder is harmful to health.

In dogs, unlike cats, food should not be freely available all day. If your pet hasn’t finished his breakfast or dinner, remove the food some time later before the next feed.

Try to show courage and resist that pleading and sad look and not give the dog any tidbits from your table. Otherwise, always during the meal of the owner, the dog will release gastric juice, and this is harmful.

If possible, stick to a regimen and feed your dog at around the same time of the day. Most veterinarians believe that small to medium sized dogs should be fed twice a day, while large dogs weighing over 30-35kg should be fed once a day.

Avoid active games and strenuous physical activity immediately after feeding. this is fraught with the risk of volvulus in the dog’s stomach.

If your pet has a digestive upset, it should not be fed until symptoms stop or a veterinarian diagnosis is made.

Don’t overfeed your dog! Remember that your pet is an evolutionary descendant of predatory animals and the feeling of satiety directly during the meal may be practically absent. And obesity and overweight not only worsen the dog’s quality of life, but can also lead to serious health problems.

It is advisable to always keep bowls with water and food for the dog in one place in the apartment. It is very useful to use bowls on a stand with adjustable height. for a dog (especially a large one) it is much more natural and pleasant to eat without tilting its head down. In addition, bowls on stands will not slip on the floor and this is also convenient.

Provide a calm environment for your dog while eating. There is no need to distract the dog, talk to it, explain to the children that the pet is having lunch and there is no need to disturb him.

Always make sure your dog has fresh drinking water in the bowl, which should be changed regularly.

Do not under any circumstances give to the dog!

There are foods that are extremely dangerous for dogs. never offer them to your pet. So, for example, dogs do not assimilate starch, so potatoes and most types of baby canned food are harmful to them. Lard, fatty meat, pork, butter and margarine, in fact, any fatty food has a detrimental effect on the dog’s liver, so it should never be present on the menu. Your dog’s stomach is not adapted to food with added salt, spices and sauces, so you shouldn’t share your meal with your dog. Don’t give your pet sweets, sugar and chocolate. it’s best if he doesn’t even know what they taste like. loaf and flour products should also be strictly excluded. Most adult dogs also do not digest milk, so only fermented milk products with low m fat are useful for them.

Be careful. some types of bones are deadly for dogs. can severely damage the digestive tract. Dogs should not be given long bones of a bird, as well as bones from which a dog can chip sharp pieces with his teeth. It is useful to give only cartilage or. occasionally for fun and brushing your teeth. homogeneous bones from which parts cannot be separated. Not all vegetables are good for the pet. it is not recommended to give large quantities of cabbage, tomatoes and peppers, onions and garlic.

Dry dog ​​food. convenient and fast

By far, feeding with dry food is the easiest option with a minimum of effort. But there are some nuances here too. A huge industry around the world is engaged in the creation and production of all new types of dog food. Many of them are truly balanced in composition, made with quality ingredients, and contain the nutrients and vitamins your dog needs. However, this applies only to premium and super premium feeds, so you won’t be able to save on feed without saving on pet’s health.

Try to avoid feeds that are actively advertised in the media, because in this case, a significant part of the retail price will not be food, but the cost of the advertising campaign. Be sure to pay attention to the composition of the feed. the source of protein is also important here, the absence of ash, dyes, vegetable proteins, flavor enhancers in the composition. There are also many studies and ratings for individual feed brands on the web.

If your dog has any health problems, be sure to consult with your veterinarian about the choice of brand and type of food. It is important to comply with the feeding norms indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging. If a special measuring cup is not offered with the feed, simply weigh the feed in a convenient container on the kitchen scale once and use this container in the future to measure the portion of the feed.

If you have made a decision to feed the dog with dry food, then only give it. you cannot mix food with natural food. In no case should you use feed that has expired. Remember that your dog should always have fresh drinking water freely available. Dogs that eat dry food drink a lot of water and this is normal.

When switching from one brand of food to another, gradually replace part of the usual food in the portion with a new one. It so happens that at first a dog eats high-quality food without a lot of appetite and may even prefer cheap brands to it. This is due to the fact that cheap feed contains special attractive substances, and not at all because this feed is better in composition. Be persistent and your pet will get used to good food.

Natural dog food

If you love to cook and prefer to know exactly what is in your pet’s bowl, then you can opt for natural food. But here, too, you need to remember a few very important rules for the food to be good for your dog. In the first place, you should not think that natural nutrition means feeding the dog with leftovers from the owner’s table. Most of the foods we eat are categorically unsuitable for a pet. What can we include in its menu and in what quantity?

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The basis of a dog’s nutrition is meat products, while for an adult dog of normal weight and with an average activity, the portion is calculated based on the proportion of 20-25 g of meat per 1 kg of the dog’s weight per day. For young animals, as well as emaciated dogs or dogs with a high degree of activity (for example, if you play sports with a dog), they need 30g of meat per 1kg of body weight per day. It should be noted that dogs should not be given pork, fatty lamb, beef fat. It is best to use lean beef or poultry (boneless). Almost ideal is a beef shank (this is meat cut from the drumstick and thigh), because it contains elements that work like natural Honda and help keep your dog’s joints healthy. Meat by-products (beef heart, lung, liver) can be given 1-2 times a week. Beef tripe (stomach) is especially useful for a dog, it works as a natural probiotic and dogs love it very much. It is better to buy it in an already purified form because of its specific smell.

For elderly animals, meat products are given in boiled form, for young dogs it is enough to pour boiling water over the meat to exclude parasites (and, of course, do not forget about the annual preventive treatment of the dog for worms). Meat is given to the dog cut into small pieces, but not in the form of minced meat, because minced meat is poorly processed in the stomach. Certainly any sausages, sausages and wieners will not suit the dog. As an additional source of protein, you can give an egg once a week and low-fat boiled fish once a week (after removing all the bones).

The rest of the food is usually porridge, into which some types of vegetables can be added during cooking or after cooking. Slow carbohydrates should prevail in porridge, i.e. it is best to cook buckwheat or rice (you can mix), you can not use oatmeal, millet, pearl barley, pasta. You can add barley and flaxseed, as well as a little parsley or dill, germinated seeds of wheat or other cereals. It is useful to add unrefined sunflower or olive oil after cooking as source of Omega-acids (at the rate of 10g for a medium-sized dog). The porridge for the dog should be boiled in water, and not in meat broth, because otherwise, an extra load on the liver will be provoked. Do not salt, pepper or add any other spices to food for your dog. If your pet loves raw vegetables, it is helpful to add some grated carrots or zucchini to his dinner, for example. Sometimes it is helpful to give your dog low fat kefir or low fat cottage cheese, but never sour cream or filled yoghurts.

It is important to remember that when feeding a dog with natural food, it is imperative to additionally give complex dog vitamins. Food should always be given to the pet cooled to room temperature, but not immediately from the refrigerator. Monitor your dog’s weight, avoid obesity, if you need to lose excess fat, reduce the amount of carbohydrates (i.e. porridge) in food.

Dogs differ from us in food preferences. they do not require a variety of gastronomic at all, on the contrary, your pet will be more happy to find a familiar meal in a bowl. Therefore, if you have opted for natural food, pick one convenient and balanced food recipe for your dog and cook it constantly. Remember that natural food and dry food cannot be mixed, you should choose one.

What’s for dessert? Dog treats

If you train your dog or just work on obedience and good contact with your pet on walks, then you will need small pieces of takeaway treats to take with you. to reward your pet’s good behavior while walking. The size of a piece of such a training treat should be about 1×1 or 2×2 cm for a medium-sized dog. so the pet will feel that he has been treated, but will not switch to feeding. You can use special training treats for this purpose, or you can cut boiled meat, liver or chicken hearts. Many dogs are very fond of cheese, but it is too fatty product, so it can only be given in very small quantities and it is better to choose varieties with low fat.

If you are an avid culinary specialist and a lover of experiments, then on the Internet you will find a lot of different recipes, according to which you can prepare very tasty and healthy treats for your pet yourself. And sometimes a very unexpected, but absolutely not harmful product can become a delicacy for your dog. for example, a piece of fresh cucumber or banana.

We also remind you that if you want to take a dog as a gift. you can see the catalog of our shelter for dogs and cats!

Feeding natural food

If you are an adherent of natural dog feeding, you need to learn how to properly balance the diet for your pet. It is necessary to monitor the ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates in food, and also remember about vitamins, macro- and microelements.

Since it is rather difficult to calculate nutrients in a natural diet, it is recommended to use ready-made vitamin and mineral supplements. However, you should first seek the advice of a dietitian. Natural products are individual and can negatively affect your pet’s health.

Basic types of feeding

There are two main types of animal feeding: industrial feed and natural feed.

There is also a mixed type, when the animal is fed both natural food and industrial food. Unfortunately, many owners adhere to this type of feeding. This is often recommended by breeders, but let’s make a reservation right away, this is the most unfavorable option for an animal, and any doctor will say that this is wrong. Why is it so?

If the dog’s diet includes only industrial food, there is no need to additionally calculate fats, proteins and carbohydrates, since the composition of the food is already balanced. It meets all the needs of the animal, and industrial food can be selected based on the age and physiological state of the pet. When you add something else to the prepared diet, an imbalance occurs. You can overdose on one or another ingredient in your dog’s food. For example, there may be an excess of protein in the diet, or too high of carbohydrates. It should also be borne in mind that ready-made feed already contains vitamins and minerals in the required amount. And, as you know, an excess of vitamins and minerals badly affects health, as well as their lack. It should also be borne in mind that natural food and feed are digested differently. The body produces different enzymes to digest different types of food, and the residence time of food and natural food in the dog’s gastrointestinal tract varies considerably. Therefore, when feeding with mixed rations, malfunctions of the digestive system may occur.

So let’s take a look at the main types of dog feeding.

What foods can you feed your dogs?

As a traditional source of protein and animal fats, a dog is added to the diet of meat, by-products and fillets of sea fish, dairy products. In addition to fats, the body also needs polyunsaturated fatty acids (Omega-3 and Omega-6). These substances are found in oily fish and plant foods.

As source of carbohydrates for dogs, cereals (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal) and pasta made from durum wheat are suitable, but it is not recommended to abuse them.

Vitamins and minerals are found in fruits and vegetables. But it should be borne in mind that some vegetables in their raw form can cause strong gas formation. Also, dogs should not be given dried fruits and nuts.

Proper dog nutrition

Each owner of a dog, acquiring a puppy, is faced with the question: how to feed him correctly? And this question is one of the key ones, since proper nutrition has a direct impact on the physical shape and health of the pet.

What foods shouldn’t be given to dogs

There are a number of foods that should not be given to dogs, as this can lead to poisoning, diseases of the digestive system or other negative effects on the health of the animal.

  • Onions, garlic (in any form) contain harmful substances that can cause problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Grapes, raisins lead to acute kidney damage.
  • Chocolate, coffee, tea contain theobromine, which is toxic to dogs. In small quantities, this substance can cause vomiting and diarrhea, and in large quantities. damage to the nervous system (coma, convulsions), up to death.
  • Avocado contains persin, a substance also toxic to animals.
  • Raw fish contains the enzyme thiaminase, which breaks down vitamin B1 (thiamine). Lack of this vitamin can lead to the development of neurological disorders.
  • Citrus fruits can cause severe allergic reactions and adverse gastrointestinal reactions.
  • Pomegranate is highly irritating to the stomach lining and can lead to gastritis.
  • Broccoli contains isothiocyanate, which is toxic to dogs. Can kill the animal if consumed regularly.
  • Mushrooms contain a large amount of chitin, which is why the useful substances that are in the product are practically not absorbed.
  • Sugar substitutes (xylitol) are artificial sweeteners found in various sweets that are toxic to dogs. Xylitol can cause a sharp drop in blood glucose levels (hypolycemia), a decrease in potassium levels, and toxic liver damage.
  • Bones (any) do not carry nutritional value, when they are gnawed, sharp fragments are formed, which can injure the walls of the stomach and intestines.

Lack of physical activity

Many dogs, especially those who live in an apartment, lead a sedentary lifestyle. Their everyday life is limited to short quiet walks with a minimum number of games, or even without them at all.

Animals simply do not waste all their energy and over time they become more lethargic, indifferent to all kinds of entertainment. As a result, there may be a decreased appetite.

Try increasing your physical activity a little, and then pay attention to your appetite. It is important to remember that you can feed your pet no earlier than an hour after the walk.

Features of physiology

Often, bitches lose their appetite during estrus, and males, when they hear a “walking” girl nearby. Such changes are normal and do not require intervention. The animal during this period has more important things to do than nutrition.

Possible reasons for refusal

First of all, it is necessary to determine why the dog, which has always been not against pellets, now refuses to eat dry food, only after that you can decide what to do next and how to regain appetite?

The dog stopped eating dry food: what to do?

Sometimes it happens that the dog has stopped eating dry food, and not always the reason for this lies on the surface. For some owners, rejecting the ready-made feed becomes a real problem. Usually this is encountered when a pet needs to be transferred from “natural” to drying. And it happens that the dog does not want to eat dry food, although before it ate it with pleasure. Let’s figure out what to do in such cases, how to find out the reason for the hunger strike and not harm the pet?

Stressful situations

Many dogs refuse to eat dry food, as they are stressed, just like humans. They can have a hard time living alone, moving, losing the owner, and sometimes even the noise from a neighbor’s renovation or the appearance of small children. Owners often do not know or forget that stress is not only a psychological but also a physical reaction of the body to situations that are difficult to quickly adapt to. Analyze recent events, perhaps they are the reason why the dog refuses to feed.

If there is any stress factor, it is necessary to eliminate it or try to accustom the dog to the irritant. It is possible to use light sedatives on herbal ingredients, but in any case, adaptation will take a long time.

The problem is in the stern

Such concepts as “proper nutrition” and “healthy diet” are familiar to everyone, but not everyone understands and adheres to them. Here are some examples when a dog refuses to eat dry food due to the owner’s fault.

  • Unusual food. If the pet eats natural food, you have to constantly cook, but on trips or due to strong employment it may not be convenient. Drying becomes an alternative. The owners suggest that the pets have a snack with the pellets, but this is not enthusiastic, they do not seem attractive to the dog, not tasty or too tough.
  • You can’t fool your nose. If the dog constantly eats dry food, the reason for the refusal may be a sudden change of brand or the purchase of low-quality food (for example, by weight), which tend to oxidize in open packages. The appearance and smell seem ordinary to a person, but a sensitive dog’s nose cannot be fooled.
  • Spoiled nature. Many small breeds are by their nature very picky about food, and here the owner is also trying to feed the pet in every possible way. “If you don’t want food, eat at least a piece of meat (cheese, potatoes, cookies, etc.)”, “If you don’t want it from a bowl, eat it from your hand…”. The regular meal is eventually replaced by a slice of delicacy. The dog refuses to eat dry food, because he knows that in the end he will get a tasty treat, what the owner decides to do in this case: either remove any feeding or switch to “natural”.
  • Make it tastier! Dogs are not very demanding on a variety of food, but they can also “get bored” of food with the same taste. Especially in those cases when they periodically receive delicacies from the master’s table and know that food is tastier. Perhaps the reason for the refusal was the abrupt lack of the usual flavorings. Some owners soak drying with kefir or yogurt, and when they stop, the dog refuses dry food. Mixed feed is allowed only during the transition from one type of feed to another.
  • The issue of quality and quantity. The dog needs dry food many times less than other food. It can be difficult for owners to get used to the idea that now the pet needs not 2 liters of porridge, but only 500 grams of granules. The portions increase exorbitantly, the animal does not eat everything and complaints begin: the dog has stopped eating dry food.
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Health problems

Often, health problems lead to a lack of appetite. For example, a disease of the oral cavity (stomatitis), as well as the upper respiratory tract (runny nose). serious internal illnesses can also lead to loss of appetite.

Not all diseases are accompanied by pronounced symptoms, therefore, loss of appetite is the first alarm bell to go to the veterinarian.

What to do?

Most often, dogs are transported to dry food because of the convenience of such feeding or because of the need to switch to a dietary therapeutic diet, which is produced in the form of dry granules. To transfer a dog from one type of food to another, you need to follow several rules:

  • The transition should be gradual. Not only the dog is taught to dry food, but also its digestive system, within 2 weeks.
  • Drying begins to be mixed into regular feed in small quantities. Every day, replace a fourth of the entire portion until the granules completely displace the porridge.

Do not forget that with the addition of dry food, portions need to be reduced, since granules are needed much less than liquid food.

  • If the dog does not want to eat dry food, the pellets can be soaked in boiled water. Puppies are allowed to soak drying with kefir or homemade yogurt. You just need to make sure that this does not provoke the disorder.
  • The food must be of high quality (at least premium) and, of course, the dog likes.
  • It is undesirable to leave food in the public domain. Also, as with natural food, the dog should have its own regimen and fixed portions.

If the dog has given up dry food, then there is always a reason for this. Finding it out and solving it is the task of any responsible and loving owner.

Feeding prepared feed

Not all dog owners have the opportunity to prepare a variety of food for their pets, taking into account all the necessary components and their combinations. In this case, ready-made feed will serve as an excellent alternative to self-preparation. These products can be fed to both puppies and adult dogs. There are the following types of similar food:

  • dry. in the form of granules;
  • semi-moist. pieces of ready-made food with gravy;
  • wet. food in the form of a paste or paste;
  • goodies.
  • economy;
  • premium;
  • super premium;
  • holistic.
  • for daily meals;
  • supporting ruler;
  • preventive nutrition;
  • medical products;
  • enhanced diet for weak and malnourished dogs;
  • hygienic food, which is a treat.

Once the right food has been selected, you can confidently use it for daily feeding of a spaniel of any age, the main thing is to correctly calculate the amount of serving.

The packaging usually has general requirements for how much it costs to add this or that food for dogs of a certain age, so it will be easier for the owner to navigate.

If there was no experience with the use of finished products before and there are doubts about its necessity and benefits for the pet, then the advantages and disadvantages of this feeding option should be studied. Among the advantages of ready-made feed are:

  • ease and speed of cooking;
  • long shelf life;
  • convenience of portion dosage;
  • the presence of all the necessary vitamins, minerals and useful additives necessary for the full development of the dog’s body.

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As for the disadvantages, the following can be distinguished:

  • the high cost of premium feed, which is more expensive than cooking on your own;
  • holistics are practically not sold in retail trade;
  • you can fall for a fake of expensive food, which will harm the dog’s health;
  • puppies need to be given semi-moist and wet food until they have a complete change of teeth;
  • feeding only dry or wet food negatively affects the development of the pet and its digestion.

After analyzing all these factors, we can come to the conclusion that feeding the pet exclusively prepared food is suitable for very busy owners who have no time to be behind the stove and cook something to the spaniel.

Power features

The breed of dogs, the Cocker Spaniel, has its own characteristics associated with growth and development, which allows you to develop a daily and nutritional regimen suitable for it.

If you neglect this information, then the life and health of the animal will be at risk.

Like many other breeds, spaniels can eat hand-cooked food, dry food, and mixed food. Each of the options has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, therefore, before choosing something specific, it is worth studying them.

Diet, composition and amount of food are very important for any dog, and in order not to make a mistake, certain factors must be taken into account.

  • The size of the dog. Cocker Spaniels of different species are very different in size, therefore the size of the portions will differ.
  • Age features. The puppy should consume a fairly large amount of food, as his body is in the stage of active growth and development. Minor overeating will not harm in this case. However, it is worth carefully monitoring what exactly the pet eats, because small individuals can only eat natural, nutritious and fresh food. Feeding an elderly Cocker Spanil will be different because motor activity will be significantly reduced, which means that there will be no need for significant replenishment of calories.
  • Features of physical activity. Cocker Spaniels, which are hunting dogs or compete, consume a lot of energy. Therefore, they need timely and complete restoration of it through nutritious food. Domestic dogs do not have such a load, because the portions for them will be smaller.
  • The role of the pet’s character. Almost all Cocker Spaniels have a playful character and are constantly on the move, but sometimes you can also find calm, apathetic individuals. Active pets need to be given a full portion so that the dog does not starve, but calm pets can reduce the amount of food by a quarter.
  • Features of health and physical condition. The diet changes in some cases: the recovery period after surgery, the birth of offspring and their feeding. At this point, it is important to add protein products to the main food, which will contribute to a faster recovery of the animal’s body.
  • Any allergic reactions. Cocker Spaniels are among those dogs that are susceptible to allergic reactions to any food. This is especially true of modern dwarf breeds. In order not to harm your pet, before feeding him new food, it is worth checking if he is allergic to it. To do this, start feeding with small portions. In case of a negative reaction, such as itching, irritation and lacrimation, it is necessary to remove the food hazardous to the dog from the diet.

It is necessary to feed the cocker spaniel correctly, otherwise irreversible processes will begin very soon, which will negatively affect the health of the pet. In addition to the composition of the food, you need to pay attention to the size of the portions themselves: a puppy in 1 month can eat 3-4 tablespoons of food, for a 2-month-old pet this rate increases to 4-5 spoons per meal.

For comparison: an adult eats about 2 glasses at a time, and there can be from one to two such feedings.

The diet of dogs of this breed is based on the following principles:

  • pets up to 2 months of age are fed up to 6 times a day;
  • from 2 to 4 months, it is recommended to feed spaniels no more than 4 times a day;
  • from 4 months to 1 year, the diet is brought to 2 meals a day;
  • an adult healthy individual is recommended to feed well only 1 time per day.

The main feature of the feeding schedule is the regime, the owner must adhere to a certain time and place for feeding the pet. Such a system allows the dog’s body to adapt and work harmoniously.

You will learn more about the rules of feeding puppies by watching the following video.

Is it possible to feed with natural products?

Each owner decides for himself what and how he plans to feed his dog.

In the event that there is time and opportunity, then the consumption of natural products prepared with your own hands will only benefit.

In order to properly formulate the diet, it is important to know which foods can be fed to the cocker spaniel and which not. Among the necessary and useful ones, it is worth highlighting the most valuable.

  • Meat is a staple in the diet of any dog, including cocker spaniels. For puppies, the amount of the product is calculated in the proportion of 50 g of meat per 1 kg of the pet’s weight. Adults consume 250-300 g of meat per day. It is important to boil this product well and avoid any bones.
  • By-products. 2-3 times a week instead of meat, you can give the dog by-products: liver, heart, lungs. It is important to boil such food well. Due to the lower calorie content, its amount increases by one third.
  • Milk products. Any dairy product is food, so even milk cannot replace ordinary water. For adult dogs, milk can be laxative and should be justified. It is very important to give your pet kefir, cottage cheese, cheese and yogurt, without which the digestion process will not work properly.
  • Eggs. It is worth preparing omelets or soft-boiled eggs no more than 2 times a week, a larger amount will provoke negative processes in digestion.
  • loaf and cereals. These products should not be overused. Even cereals do not form the basis of the diet, they are included only for variety. It is best to use rolled oats, buckwheat and rice, which are cooked both in water and in milk. If desired, you can add vegetable oil and vegetables to cereals.
  • Vegetables. Cocker Spaniels can be given vegetables such as carrots, pumpkin, cucumbers, turnips, zucchini. They are served both raw and cooked, but the former is preferred. In order for the product to be better absorbed, it is necessary to finely grate or chop the vegetables and add vegetable oil or sour cream. You can also use greens as food for the dog, which are finely chopped and poured into the main dish. this way the dog will receive more nutrients.
  • Fruit can also be given to dogs, but not much, due to the high sugar content in them. It is best to use apples, melons, watermelons, currants, strawberries, raspberries, cherries, cherries.

In some cases, croutons and dried fruits will be useful for the spaniel, which will help to activate the digestion process.

To protect your pet from worms, you need to add garlic to the diet, which is rubbed with the crust of a loaf, and on the other hand, butter is spread. You can finely chop a clove and add to food.

You can use this supplement only once a week and no more than one tooth.

How to feed a cocker spaniel?

Any pets need proper care, proper daily routine and quality nutrition. If you decide to have a dog, then it is important to add more training, daily walks and other measures designed to raise a healthy and obedient pet. If a Cocker Spaniel appears in the house soon, then you need to read as many articles and books about this breed as possible in order to know the peculiarities of the care and feeding of this pet.

Mixed diet rules

In the modern rhythm of life, people often find it difficult to allocate a large amount of time for hobbies and pets, because something has to be sacrificed. In the case of pets, caring for them often suffers, since there is no time for walks, full feeding, training. In such a situation, it is better to refuse to keep pets, as this only harms them.

If the owner still tries to find a free moment, take a walk with the dog, teach her something and cook something tasty and healthy, then the pet will generously thank him for this. The occasional opportunity to cook the spaniel food on his own forces the owner to use ready-made food from time to time, which is a mixed diet of the dog. Here we can highlight:

  • mixing different foods. dry or semi-moist food with cooked food;
  • a separate feeding option involves the serving of a certain type of food within a set time frame: in the morning it can be dry food, in the evening it can be natural products.

This feeding option has its advantages:

There are also disadvantages in a mixed diet:

  • danger to the health of the dog when fed with low-quality feed;
  • the threat of oversaturation with proteins in high-class feed, as well as allergies to this component of the composition;
  • getting dysbiosis and indigestion;
  • the risk of overweight pet.

Mixed ration should only be given to a spaniel after the puppy is 5 months old.

Veterinarians advise against using this feeding option, as it negatively affects the dog’s digestive system.

Natural food

Feeding “natural” assumes independent preparation of the diet for the dog, taking into account its physiological needs. Ideally, this is complete nutrition, but in reality it is quite difficult to balance all the nutrients the animal needs, too many factors affect the selection of ingredients.

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It is even more difficult to balance vitamins and minerals, since when feeding natural food, it is quite rightly recommended to give the animal special complex supplements in the indicated dosages. Dry food is already balanced in all these substances, and therefore it can easily be skewed in one direction or another.

In this regard, we do not recommend the practice of mixing dry food and natural food in the diet, but choose one type of food and stick only to it.

Wet dog food

Complete wet dog foods can be used as the mainstay of the diet, or they can be successfully combined with dry food, and this is perhaps the most preferred option. In fact, wet food does not differ much from dry food (provided that both dry and wet food are of about the same quality), except for the moisture content: in canned food it can be up to 85%, against the maximum 10% in dry food.

In order to competently combine dry and wet food with each other, you need to reduce the amount of dry food in proportion to the amount of wet food. It should be borne in mind that wet food has a more intense aroma and is more attractive to dogs, so it may happen that the dog completely abandons dry food in favor of wet food.

What to feed dogs, except dry food?

Despite the fact that dry food is a complete, balanced diet, many dog ​​owners in one way or another strive to diversify and enrich the diet of their four-legged pets. Today we will discuss what to feed dogs, besides dry food, and what foods are not recommended for dogs.

Products from the master’s table

Many dog ​​owners are sometimes guided by their own eating habits, thinking that since they are eating something without consequences, then the dog will have nothing. In fact, it is wrong to think so, because people are omnivorous, and dogs by nature are carnivorous predators, and not everything that is good for a person is good for a dog.

The food of people is replete with various spices, hot marinades, contains a large amount of salt and sugar. Human food often contains a lot of onions or garlic, which can cause oxidative damage to the blood cells in dogs (hemolytic anemia). The combination of dry food with fresh vegetables and fruits is fraught with indigestion and flatulence, the same consequences will be after feeding the dog with potatoes, pasta, loaf, etc.

Digestive disorders in a dog are possible after eating fatty meat or fatty sausages. such foods create a shock load on the pancreas. Chocolate contains theobromine, which can cause severe poisoning in a dog, up to and including death.

In addition to health problems, constant treats from the table are fraught with behavioral problems in dogs, provoke constant begging for tidbits, disobedience, a complete rejection of dry food.

Does dry food need supplements?

If you take a close look at the packaging of any dry dog ​​food, you will see the mark “complete food” or complete food in English. This means that this finished product is a completely balanced nutrition in all nutrients that meets all the nutritional needs of the animal and does not need any supplements.

The only supplement without which feeding with dry food is simply impossible is clean, fresh water in unlimited quantities. It should be changed more often, as dog saliva and food debris often get into the bowl of water, which leads to the growth of bacteria.

Other additions to dry food can ultimately result in an imbalance of nutrients and cause a deficiency or, conversely, an excess of any element in the dog’s body.

Specialty Treats

Treats are not essential to your dog’s diet, but are an important part of the dog’s relationship with the owner, help train and train the animal, and are a safe way to reward your pet.

What to feed dogs, except dry food?

Despite the fact that dry food is a complete, balanced diet, many dog ​​owners in one way or another strive to diversify and enrich the diet of their four-legged pets. Today we will discuss what to feed dogs, besides dry food, and what foods are not recommended for dogs.

Natural food

Feeding “natural” assumes independent preparation of the diet for the dog, taking into account its physiological needs. Ideally, this is complete nutrition, but in reality it is quite difficult to balance all the nutrients the animal needs, too many factors affect the selection of ingredients.

It is even more difficult to balance vitamins and minerals, since when feeding natural food, it is quite rightly recommended to give the animal special complex supplements in the indicated dosages. Dry food is already balanced in all these substances, and therefore it can easily be skewed in one direction or another.

In this regard, we do not recommend the practice of mixing dry food and natural food in the diet, but choose one type of food and stick only to it.

Does dry food need supplements?

If you take a close look at the packaging of any dry dog ​​food, you will see the mark “complete food” or complete food in English. This means that this finished product is a completely balanced nutrition in all nutrients that meets all the animal’s needs for nutrients and does not need any supplements.

The only supplement without which feeding with dry food is simply impossible is clean, fresh water in unlimited quantities. It should be changed more often, as dog saliva and food debris often get into the bowl of water, which leads to the growth of bacteria.

Other additions to dry food can ultimately result in an imbalance of nutrients and cause a deficiency or, conversely, an excess of any element in the dog’s body.

Products from the master’s table

Many dog ​​owners are sometimes guided by their own eating habits, thinking that since they are eating something without consequences, then the dog will have nothing. In fact, it is wrong to think so, because people are omnivorous, and dogs by nature are carnivorous predators, and far from everything that is good for humans is good for a dog.

The food of people is replete with various spices, hot marinades, contains a large amount of salt and sugar. Human food often contains a lot of onions or garlic, which can cause oxidative damage to the blood cells in dogs (hemolytic anemia). The combination of dry food with fresh vegetables and fruits is fraught with indigestion and flatulence, the same consequences will be after feeding the dog with potatoes, pasta, loaf, etc.

Digestive disorders in a dog are possible after eating fatty meat or fatty sausages. such foods create a shock load on the pancreas. Chocolate contains theobromine, which can cause severe poisoning in a dog, up to and including death.

In addition to health problems, constant treats from the table are fraught with behavioral problems in dogs, provoke constant begging for tidbits, disobedience, and a complete rejection of dry food.

Wet dog food

Complete wet dog foods can be used as the mainstay of the diet, or they can be successfully combined with dry food, and this is perhaps the most preferred option. In fact, wet food does not differ much from dry food (provided that both dry and wet food are of about the same quality), except for the moisture content: in canned food it can be up to 85%, against the maximum 10% in dry food.

In order to competently combine dry and wet food with each other, you need to reduce the amount of dry food in proportion to the amount of wet food. It should be borne in mind that wet food has a more intense aroma and is more attractive to dogs, so it may happen that the dog completely abandons dry food in favor of wet food.

Specialty Treats

Treats are not essential for a dog’s diet, but are an important part of the dog’s relationship with the owner, help train and train the animal, and are a safe way to reward your pet.

BOOST YOUR DRY DOG FOOD: 3 additions to make your kibble healthier!

How to feed your dog natural food correctly?

If you have already decided what to feed your dog, and have preferred natural food, then congratulations. this is an excellent choice! It remains only to find out what is useful to feed your pet, and what products are strictly prohibited. So, an adult dog of any breed (guard, hound, decorative) can be fed at home:

  • raw meat and offal (beef, veal, rabbit, chicken, turkey, young lamb, kidneys, lungs, liver, trachea, udder, stomach);
  • sea ​​and ocean fish (hake, halibut, mackerel, chum salmon);
  • dairy products (kefir, milk whey, calcined cottage cheese);
  • vegetables (pumpkin, zucchini, carrots, beets);
  • cereals (buckwheat, rice);
  • fruits and berries.

Important! It is strictly forbidden to feed an adult dog with such products as:

Keep in mind that when feeding a dog with meat, all pieces should be free of fat and the poultry from the skin. In addition, it should be borne in mind that the bulk of the meat diet (approximately 80%) should be fed raw and only slightly boiled. Compulsory boiling, the liver should undergo, as it may contain larvae of parasites.

Important! An adult dog can substitute fish for one meat meal per week, as large quantities of fish interfere with the absorption of B vitamins.

It also follows the fate that an incorrectly compiled menu for a dog can cause a chronic lack of essential substances. Therefore, the dog should be regularly given vitamins in courses 3-4 times a year, as well as flavored food with minerals such as bone meal.

How to feed a dog with diarrhea?

Digestive upset is not only an unpleasant, but sometimes dangerous problem. Food intake should be suspended for at least a day. Instead of food, the bowl should contain constantly clean water in unlimited quantities. When upset, the dog is not given fat and raw. As soon as things go well, light foods should be included in the diet, exclusively in boiled form.

Important! Dog food, in case of poisoning, with diarrhea or vomiting, must be salted in order to restore the metabolism of minerals.

Do you need supplements to dry food?

Most commercial commercial feeds are complete feeds, as indicated on the packaging. Sometimes it is phrased differently, for example: “suitable for daily consumption”, “complete feed”, in English. complete feed. But the meaning is the same: the food fully covers the animal’s nutritional needs and does not need any additives.

The introduction of any other products and vitamin preparations will only disrupt the balance of nutrients in the diet, which over time can lead to a deficiency or deficiency of certain elements in the animal’s body. Therefore, if you have chosen a ready-made industrial food for your dog, it is better to limit yourself to them.

How to feed a dog with diabetes?

Like humans, dogs with diabetes have problems with food intake (lack of appetite) and the dog loses weight very quickly. To minimize losses, you should walk your pet more often, gain appetite, and try to give him more high-calorie food. If the dog was on dry food, then the veterinarian will advise a special medical food. Natural products should include:

  • hard cheese;
  • cereal soups in meat broth;
  • meat of various types, as well as fish, but boiled.

Be careful! Vegetables, fruits and refined rice are not allowed for dogs with diabetes.

How to feed a dog after poisoning?

Does your dog pick everything up for a walk? Then she has every chance of poisoning herself with spoiled food. When poisoned, the dog loses a lot of fluid, and toxins attack the body from the inside. Immediately after poisoning, it is advisable for the animal to be washed and put on a starvation diet for a couple of days. After, in order to alleviate the condition of the pet, you should adhere to the following principles:

  • transfer the dog to fractional meals (4-5 times a day);
  • give food a little warmed up;
  • exclude fatty foods;
  • give light broths;
  • porridge. only rice and buckwheat;
  • meat. chicken or horse meat.

Main product

Meat for your beloved pet does not have to buy the most expensive, for example, in the form of a first-class tenderloin. Any sinewy and bony parts are fine for him.

Due to the high fat content, pork is not recommended to be included in the dog’s menu. All other types of meat. beef, rabbit, lamb, poultry. are fine. From time to time, fish may appear on the menu. fresh frozen boneless fillets. After deep freezing, there are no parasites in it, so heat treatment is not required, as for meat.

Not by meat alone

With a well-chosen diet, the dog should have a shiny coat, clean eyes, a wet nose, a good mood and a lot of energy for walking and playing.

The third most important component of a dog’s diet is vegetables, herbs and unsweetened fruits. In principle, dogs should not be given sweets. Vegetables and bran can be served separately or with meat. Many consider it possible to feed their pets with cereals, but this, as a rule, causes the animals to gain excess weight.

Having a pet means completely taking care of his health on your shoulders. It is not always possible to understand all the intricacies of choosing a diet for a four-legged friend. Let’s find out what to feed your dog in order to maximally influence its appearance and health indicators.

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