Can dogs be given a loaf and which one is better to feed??
Every dog breeder is familiar with this situation. The kitchen, the hostess, the dog with plaintive eyes, begging for some delicacy from the table, and, of course, many feel sorry for the pet, it seems that he does not finish eating, and a piece of loaf or a sandwich with butter flies in his direction from the table. But rarely does anyone think about whether it is possible to give dogs a loaf, and what effect it can have on the health of a pet.
Nuances of use
As a reward, puppies can be given rye crackers and a bran loaf starting at 3-4 months. As puppies grow up, they are usually very active and require additional sources of energy, especially during training. The loaf for puppies does not carry other additional functions, therefore, if necessary, you can replace it with cereals, which will be source of carbohydrates. For pregnant dogs, the use of a loaf is acceptable, but when choosing, be sure to carefully study the composition. A black rye loaf is fine and no additives.
And in order to avoid risks during the period of feeding the puppies, it is better to exclude the loaf from the diet of the lactating female.
Based on all these features, we can conclude that it is possible to give a loaf to a dog, but there are certain rules that must be followed:
- don’t give a loaf every day;
- if your pet has a fondness for baked goods, use them only as a reward;
- breeds and sedentary pets that have a predisposition to obesity, it is better to exclude flour products from the diet;
- it is necessary to exclude a loaf from the diet for aging animals;
- in no case should you give a loaf with mold, even if you peel it off;
- sandwiches with butter and various sauces can cause diarrhea;
- a loaf made from yeast dough is difficult to digest in the pet’s stomach;
- a fresh loaf is also not suitable for food and can cause fermentation processes in the gastrointestinal tract, which can provoke colic;
- do not give the pet dough, this can lead to serious consequences, up to and including death.
Features of the dog’s body
Now let’s take a closer look at the features of the dog’s digestive system and its difference from the human gastrointestinal tract.
A dog is a predator, and unlike humans, amylolytic enzymes that are capable of breaking down carbohydrates are not secreted in its saliva. Their production begins only at the moment of the first collision with carbohydrate food, so the animal’s body adapts to cohabitation with humans. The length of the intestine also differs, it is shorter in predators. As a result, they need more easily digestible foods that do not cause undue stress on the digestive tract.
The dog’s stomach came from a wolf, has elastic walls and is able to stretch, acquiring a volume of up to 2.5 liters. Gastric juice consists of pepsin, enzymes, water and a small percentage of salts. Under the action of pepsin, which works more efficiently in an acidic environment, meat and even bones that enter the stomach swell, this is how food is prepared for assimilation. And in the intestines, which is 1/3 in relation to the body, further assimilation of food takes place, which lasts about 15 hours. In humans, the intestines are 1/8 longer in relation to the body, so for a person the complete process can take twice as long.
As can be seen from the above features, the digestion of a quadruped is very different from that of humans, although the dog’s body can adapt to the nutrition of any food, of course, not without harm to the health of the pet.
Pros and cons of goodies
And yet there are times when the dog gets a piece of a fragrant loaf or a delicious crouton. This is permissible at certain times.
- As a reward for the work done, on which energy was expended. It is better to give it in the form of crackers, only in this way it will not harm the health of the pet.
- Also, the use of a loaf is justified in the winter for street (open-air cage dogs) and stray animals. For the latter, perhaps a loaf will be a salvation.
- Crackers will be useful for teeth, due to their porous structure, a stale loaf will help remove plaque.
- And rye crackers contain lysine, which has a positive effect on the immunity of the animal.
That’s all the positive aspects that a loaf carries. But there are negative ones that you definitely need to know about. Dogs can develop certain medical conditions if abused.
- Obesity. a loaf is a high-energy product, if it is given, then it is necessarily in small quantities. The most important thing is always to control the amount of carbohydrates in the diet, especially in sedentary pets, as this is fraught with obesity and concomitant diseases of the joints and heart. Here it is necessary to take into account the breed characteristics, for example, a Labrador, a pug, a Chinese crested, a French bulldog have a predisposition to weight gain, for these breeds a loaf is contraindicated.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Digestion of a loaf is accompanied by additional energy consumption of the body and an increased load on digestion and other organs. baked goods, especially if they are in excess, can cause frustration or constipation.
- Allergic reactions. They are accompanied by swelling of the paws, redness of the auricles, and scratching on the skin. Allergies are more often caused by baked goods with raisins, sesame seeds and other additives. The following breeds are at risk here: Cocker Spaniel, Bulldog, Mittel Schnauzer, Dalmatian, Labrador Retriever, Irish Setter.
- Sweet baked goods can provoke tooth decay and diabetes.
How to choose the best option?
- In the diet, you can use crackers from a rye or grain loaf. A stale loaf is easier for a pet to digest.
- Biscuit biscuits are also suitable for eating. True, in small quantities.
- You can use toast, just not very fried and without using all kinds of pates and sauces.
- You can please your beloved pet with a homemade cake made from rice or oat flour using vegetables. The dough should be kneaded in water.
There are baked goods that are not recommended to be given to the animal. This list includes certain foods.
- Yeast dough products. They can cause stomach fermentation, bloating and gas.
- a loaf with additives. onions, garlic. It can irritate the stomach lining. In addition, onions and garlic contain a substance that damages hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the body. This can lead to anemia and poisoning.
- Corn and soy loaves are difficult to digest and can cause vomiting and bowel upset.
- Puffs with chocolate, raisins, jam, nuts, jams and other sweets will initially be pleasant to the pet, but in the process of digestion they will cause heaviness in the stomach and painful sensations. And chocolate is poison for a dog.
- Homemade fried flour products are also unacceptable.
What to do in unforeseen situations?
It may also happen that the pet stole a loaf or someone unknowingly treated him to an unwanted treat. In this case, don’t panic. Provide the pet with enough water and observe the pet for several hours. At the slightest sign of poisoning, vomiting, bloating and diarrhea, use Zoonorm or Enterosgel. For diarrhea, a fasting diet for 12 to 24 hours is indicated. An enema will help with constipation.
And it is better to go to a veterinary clinic for help from a specialist.
See the video below for what you shouldn’t feed your dog.
Food from the human table
Other owners feed the dog, in addition to dry food, the same food that they themselves eat. We do not recommend doing this, because marinades, spices, sugar, and a large amount of salt are used for cooking in our kitchen. All this makes food more attractive to humans, but is absolutely unnecessary for dogs. In addition, some of them do not tolerate fatty meat, potatoes, and a number of other products that are quite harmless for us.
Therefore, when feeding with natural food, you need to cook separately for the dog, giving preference to lean meat, poultry and offal, with a small addition of vegetables, herbs, unsweetened fruits.
Important. When the owner alternates between natural food and dry food, the dog often completely refuses the latter. This is due to the fact that foods saturated with moisture always smell more intense, and when choosing food, dogs rely mainly on their sense of smell. Consider this before trying mixed feeding.
Of course, such delicacies are not indispensable in a dog’s diet (correctly selected food is much more important). However, this is a significant part of human-pet interaction, and a complete rejection of it impoverishes our lives. The main thing is not to forget that measure is needed in everything, and to avoid overfeeding. It is desirable that the treats do not exceed 10% of the dog’s total daily diet.
What to feed dogs, except dry food?
Animals, being strong and hardy in their natural habitat, are quite vulnerable in the human world. Therefore, taking care of their health and well-being completely falls on the shoulders of the owner. Loving a pet is not enough. it is important to have knowledge about its proper maintenance and feeding.
Of course, it is most convenient to use dry food, developed by specialists and already ready to eat, but not everyone wants to just feed them. Consider the question of what to feed dogs, except for dry food, and what products are not recommended for them.
Do you need supplements to dry food?
Most commercial commercial feeds are complete feeds, as indicated on the packaging. Sometimes it is phrased differently, for example: “suitable for daily consumption”, “complete feed”, in English. complete feed. But the meaning is the same: the food fully covers the animal’s nutritional needs and does not need any additives.
The introduction of any other products and vitamin preparations will only disrupt the balance of nutrients in the diet, which over time can lead to a deficiency or deficiency of certain elements in the animal’s body. Therefore, if you have chosen a ready-made industrial food for your dog, it is better to limit yourself to them.
Wet dog food
Another option for feeding dogs, in addition to dry food, is special canned food for animals. If the label of such a product has a mark about full rationality, then you can give it to your pet daily, as the main menu. This is an important point, because some dog foods in cans and spiders are just treats and are not suitable for daily nutrition, since they do not provide all Spectra with vitamins, minerals and other essential substances.
There is no fundamental difference between complete dry and wet food: it is only in the liquid content (7-10% versus 60-80%). Of course, this is only true when it comes to products of equal quality. How to determine quality feed, we wrote earlier.
The main requirements for the composition of dog food are dictated by the fact that they are predators: high meat, enough animal fat and a minimum of carbohydrates. It is best when cereals are not at all in the list of ingredients: if they are often added to dry feeds for technological purposes (to form stable granules), then in wet ones they always play the role of a cheap filler that increases calorie content and volume, but does not bring much benefit to the body predator.
What should not be given to dogs?
Speaking about what to feed dogs, in addition to dry food, it is worth separately listing the products that are harmful to them. These are smoked meats, pickled and salted dishes, yeast dough pastries, mushrooms, nuts, sweets. Chocolate and any other products with its addition are especially dangerous: cocoa beans contain the alkaloid theobromine, which can cause serious poisoning in a dog.
Wet dog food
Complete wet dog foods can be used as the mainstay of the diet, or they can be successfully combined with dry food, and this is perhaps the most preferred option. In fact, wet food does not differ much from dry food (provided that both dry and wet food are of about the same quality), except for the moisture content: in canned food it can be up to 85%, against the maximum 10% in dry food.
In order to competently combine dry and wet food with each other, you need to reduce the amount of dry food in proportion to the amount of wet food. It should be borne in mind that wet food has a more intense aroma and is more attractive to dogs, so it may happen that the dog completely abandons dry food in favor of wet food.
What to feed dogs, except dry food?
Despite the fact that dry food is a complete, balanced diet, many dog owners in one way or another strive to diversify and enrich the diet of their four-legged pets. Today we will discuss what to feed dogs, besides dry food, and what foods are not recommended for dogs.
MAKE YOUR DOG’S FOOD BETTER (By Adding These Three Things)
Products from the master’s table
Many dog owners are sometimes guided by their own eating habits, thinking that since they are eating something without consequences, then the dog will have nothing. In fact, it is wrong to think so, because people are omnivorous, and dogs by nature are carnivorous predators, and far from everything that is good for humans is good for a dog.
The food of people is replete with various spices, hot marinades, contains a large amount of salt and sugar. Human food often contains a lot of onions or garlic, which can cause oxidative damage to the blood cells in dogs (hemolytic anemia). The combination of dry food with fresh vegetables and fruits is fraught with indigestion and flatulence, the same consequences will be after feeding the dog with potatoes, pasta, loaf, etc.
Digestive disorders in a dog are possible after eating fatty meat or fatty sausages. such foods create a shock load on the pancreas. Chocolate contains theobromine, which can cause severe poisoning in a dog, up to and including death.
In addition to health problems, constant treats from the table are fraught with behavioral problems in dogs, provoke constant begging for tidbits, disobedience, a complete rejection of dry food.
Healthy Foods to Feed Your Dog
Does dry food need supplements?
If you take a close look at the packaging of any dry dog food, you will see the mark “complete food” or complete food in English. This means that this finished product is a completely balanced nutrition in all nutrients that meets all the animal’s needs for nutrients and does not need any supplements.
The only supplement without which feeding with dry food is simply impossible is clean, fresh water in unlimited quantities. It should be changed more often, as dog saliva and food debris often get into the bowl of water, which leads to the growth of bacteria.
Other additions to dry food can ultimately result in an imbalance of nutrients and cause a deficiency or, conversely, an excess of any element in the dog’s body.
Feeding “natural” assumes independent preparation of the diet for the dog, taking into account its physiological needs. Ideally, this is complete nutrition, but in reality it is quite difficult to balance all the nutrients the animal needs, too many factors affect the selection of ingredients.
It is even more difficult to balance vitamins and minerals, since when feeding with natural food, it is quite rightly recommended to give the animal special complex supplements in the indicated dosages. Dry food is already balanced in all these substances, and therefore it can easily be skewed in one direction or another.
In this regard, we do not recommend the practice of mixing dry food and natural food in the diet, but choose one type of food and stick only to it.
Treats are not essential to your dog’s diet, but are an important part of the dog’s relationship with the owner, help train and train the animal, and are a safe way to reward your pet.
Can I feed my dog only wet food??
However, do not feed your dog exclusively wet food. This is due to the fact that granules of dry food allow to some extent prevent the formation of dental plaque, massage and improve the blood supply to the gums and thereby reduce the likelihood of periodontitis in the dog.
What kind of food do Spitzs like?
- raw meat of low-fat varieties, cut into small pieces (one third of the diet);
- raw sea fish or boiled river fish. used several times a week as a meat substitute;
- boiled eggs (2 pcs.
- any fermented milk products;
- rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, barley porridge (10% of the diet);
Is it possible to alternate food for a dog?
Therefore, you cannot combine dry dog food with homemade food. You can not not only mix, but also alternate dry food and homemade food, as well as give additional products in between feedings.
What can you feed a dog other than food?
- Raw and boiled beef
- Boiled and stewed poultry, except for long bones
- Boiled liver
- Tripe, raw
- Raw ocean fish (blue whiting, Arctic cod)
- Lightly salted fish (a little)
- Buckwheat or rice porridge, including boiled in milk
What can you give your dog besides dry food??
What can you feed ducks??
All this is not a very high-calorie food, so ducks are happy to eat a loaf. they cannot find such hearty treats in nature. But it is precisely because of its nutritional value that a loaf is very harmful for ducks, especially for ducklings and adolescents.
- salad of all sorts
When is the last time to feed a dog?
From 8 weeks to 4 months, puppies should be fed every 4 hours for a 16 hour day. At the same time, they should receive the first portion early in the morning. After 9 weeks, the frequency of feeding can be gradually reduced from 4 to 3 per day. From 4 to 6 months, the number of feedings can be reduced to 3-2 per day.
How to feed York except dry food?
dairy products (about 10% of the total diet per month). low-fat kefir and fermented baked milk; boiled egg yolk (once a week will be more than enough); boiled sea fish.
York food feed
- Royal Canin (best);
- 1-st Choice;
- Pro Plan (Purina);