Normally, your dog should relieve himself 1-2 times a day. If you notice that this is not happening, then you should take a closer look at the animal. Constipation in a dog usually does not have dire consequences. What to do in such cases, any veterinarian or experienced dog breeder with experience will explain to you. But it would be nice to think about the causes of the phenomenon. What triggered the violation of defecation? This can be facilitated by the following factors:
- Power problems. Your favorite buns are a treat for you, but not for your pet. All these sweets, smoked meats and other delicacies can easily cause constipation in a dog. What to do in this case? For the future, just do not give them to her. A completely useful product can also provoke this ailment. For example, natural meat. This applies to those cases when you prefer to feed the dog only to him. Nutrition should be balanced. Therefore, it is better to take a closer look at ready-made feeds that take into account all the needs of your friend.
- A large number of bones. Many of us believe that a dog simply needs to chew on bones. Meanwhile, the bones cause intestinal obstruction. And birds are dangerous at all.
Constipation in a dog: symptoms
How do you know if your dog is not doing well? Actually, you will understand everything by her appearance, but there are other signs:
- Bloating. This is due to the accumulation of gases. Even from a distance, you can hear intrauterine rumbling.
- Poor appetite. When your dog has a bowel obstruction, he refuses to eat.
Laxative for animals
In general, there are several types of laxatives for dogs:
- Plant varieties can be used (buckthorn bark).
- From salt, magnesium or sodium sulfate helps.
- Of the synthetic ones, you can advise “Bisacodyl” or “Purgen”.
- Oil includes all types of oil: castor, vaseline, sunflower and others.
Constipation in a dog: how to treat?
As Exupery said, we are responsible for those we have tamed. Therefore, if you see that something is wrong with your pet, it should be treated. You don’t have to think that everything will go away by itself. It will not work. And if it does, it will be an imaginary recovery, which then will still make itself felt.
So, you are faced with a problem. constipation in a dog. What to do?
- You can enter a soap solution or a solution of glycerin into the dog’s anus. Oil also helps. Use a syringe for this. The liquid should be no more than 1-2 tablespoons.
- During this period, it is imperative to add up to 3-4 tablespoons of vegetable oil, milk and prunes to food. Several berries should be chopped and poured into porridge. The amount of prunes depends on the weight of the animal.
- What to give a dog for constipation from medications? Candles “Anuzol” help well. Lactulose preparations (for example, Lactusan or Duphalac) soften stool.
- Effectively relieve pain novocaine blockade, drugs “Baralgin” or “No-Shpa”.
Preventing constipation in a dog
What to do so that once constipation never recurs again, and your dog is cheerful and healthy?
- Monitor your pet’s diet. Pumpkin is a very good remedy for the prevention of constipation. For a small dog weighing up to 11 kg, 1 spoon per day will be enough. But if the weight of your dog is more than 20 kg, then you will need 3 spoons.
- Walk your dogs more often. She should not just intelligently walk next to you, but run, jump, then the constipation will disappear without a trace.
- Pay attention to hygiene. Tangled hair, especially the one on the back, should be cut from time to time, and the dog should be bathed constantly.
By following these simple guidelines, you will be raising a healthy and happy dog.
Stool retention is not an independent pathology, but a sign of an underlying disease. There are the following causes of constipation:
- oversight of the dog owner;
- physiological state;
Owner oversight is manifested in the following:
- Power supply errors. Lack of dietary fiber when feeding a natural diet. Constipation from bones that clog the intestines. Lack of water when feeding dry granules.
- Adynamia leads to relaxation of the smooth muscles of the intestine. Food stagnates, thickens, clogs the alimentary tract. Inhabitants of apartments in high-rise buildings suffer if you rarely walk them.
- Stress. Each dog reacts individually to non-standard situations. Most often, dogs suffer from a change of owner, transportation, participation in expert exhibitions, the appearance of another pet in an apartment or aviary.
- Ingestion of foreign objects. Puppies are most susceptible to curiosity or an unbalanced diet. The growing body needs calcium, which is scarce in the natural diet. Once I had to dissect a four month old Caucasian Shepherd puppy. There were stones in the baby’s stomach, which blocked the exit to the intestines. In this case, it turned out to be an imaginary constipation. The puppy stopped eating, so there was no bowel movement.
Physiological condition. constipation in a pregnant dog occurs because the uterus squeezes the intestinal loops. Moisture is absorbed from the food coma, the mass thickens, thickens and does not pass through the anus. Hormonal surges during estrus can lead to stool retention. Alternatively, constipation in older dogs. The smooth muscle wall of the intestine loses the ability to peristaltic contractions against the background of the extinction of reproductive functions, as well as chronic diseases.
The postoperative condition also contributes to stool retention. Anesthesia extinguishes the muscle tone of the intestinal walls. A recovering dog is wary of pushing because tension is accompanied by pain.
Constipation occurs as a result of non-communicable diseases, as well as infections in which the nervous system is affected:
- damage to the spine leads to a violation of the innervation of the intestines;
- inflammation of the paraanal glands is accompanied by pain in the anus and reflex spasm of the sphincter;
- inflammation of the stomach or intestines;
- intestinal blockage with tangles of helminths;
- diseases of the kidneys, pancreas and liver disrupt digestion processes;
- obesity or exhaustion weaken peristaltic contractions;
- side effects of medications;
- damage to the nervous system, paralysis;
- inflammation of the prostate gland in males;
- intestinal neoplasms.
How to tell if your dog is constipated
In some cases, constipation is preceded by the following deviations from the norm:
- the volume of the defect has decreased;
- feces come out in the form of dense dry balls.
You may suspect constipation if you find the following symptoms in your dog:
- the pet cannot go big and whines;
- lack of appetite;
- the stomach is swollen, rumbling is heard;
- malaise, lethargy;
- unsuccessful attempts to defecate.
Vomiting is a threatening symptom of constipation.
What threatens constipation in a dog
On the third day after stopping defecation, the fecal masses begin to decompose. Toxins are absorbed into the bloodstream, intoxication develops.
The following pathological conditions occur:
- Chymostasis is the compaction of digestive products in the anterior intestine. Mostly old dogs suffer from overfeeding of bones, cartilage, ligaments. The disease is promoted by weakness and lack of water.
- Coprostasis. thickening of feces in the large intestine. Pathology often occurs in old males with inflammation of the prostate. The disease is facilitated by injuries of the pelvic bones, neoplasms.
- Intestinal obstruction occurs when there is blockage by bones, other foreign objects, and tangles of helminths.
- Megacolon is characterized by hypertrophy of the colon and rectum. The disease can be congenital or acquired due to multiple constipation.
These pathologies require conservative or surgical treatment. Ignoring the problem can be fatal.
What to do if your dog is constipated
When faced with the aforementioned symptoms, you need to know in which case you can cope with the disease on your own, and when you cannot do without the help of a specialist.
This will be discussed in the following sections of the article.
Home Dos and Don’ts: 4 Simple Tips for Constipation
If there are difficulties with defecation, the stool has become denser and dry, try to provide self-help to the pet, which consists in the following actions:
- Review your diet. If you feed your dog natural, exclude treats with bones, as well as foods that are not typical for dogs. chocolate, sausage, etc. Stop feeding meat and offal. Transfer your pet to curdled milk and vegetable stew. Feed plums, pumpkin, carrots, bran. If the dog feeds on pellets, soak them, temporarily switch to canned food.
- If your pet is feeling well, give him petroleum jelly or a prebiotic containing the synthetic polysaccharide Lactulose. Apply pumpkin seed infusion. Pour 2 tablespoons with a glass of boiling water, leave for 60 minutes. The portion is intended for a medium-sized dog.
- Traditional medicine recommends preparing infusions of flax or oat kernels. Pour 100 ml of boiling water over one tablespoon of seeds and leave for 30 minutes. Give your dog twice a day before each feed.
- Dog breeders advise pouring petroleum jelly inside the dog or putting an enema. I’ve tried both. It didn’t work the first time. If the mineral oil gets into the respiratory tract, the dog will have to be rescued. And the contents of the enema can be irritating. Or too rough a penetration will injure the anus, and the dog’s teeth will injure your hand. If there is no experience. wait for the veterinarian.
Do not mindlessly give your dog laxatives intended for humans. If the dog’s health is unsatisfactory, there are additional symptoms, do not take risks, take the patient to the clinic or invite the veterinarian at home.
When you need veterinarian help
Veterinary help is sought in the following cases:
How to Get Rid Of Constipation in Dogs at Home || How To Treat Constipation in Dogs
- the dog has no stool for more than two days;
- bowel movements are painful, streaks of blood, pieces of undigested food are found in the contents;
- feces have a putrid odor;
- the dog is depressed;
- the abdomen is tense, the touch is painful;
- the dog does not eat, it is sick;
- the pet has repeated bouts of vomiting;
Tell your veterinarian the following information:
- the age of the dog;
- lifestyle: apartment, kennel;
- when the stool retention began, how it manifests itself;
- diet, number of feedings;
- what the dog has used in the last day;
- whether there is vomiting, what the expelled mass looks like;
- how the pet’s behavior changed after the appearance of signs of stool retention;
- dates of last vaccinations and deworming;
- the presence of spinal injuries;
- if your dog was operated on, when and for what purpose;
- what diseases the pet has suffered;
- does the dog have chronic diseases, if so, what medications were used and when;
- Does the pet often have stool retention;
- what remedies did you use to relieve constipation.
After collecting the anamnesis, the veterinarian examines the dog, reveals inflammation in the perineum, near the anus, the presence of foreign objects in the intestine. Appoints laboratory tests or does without them.
Treatment can be prompt or conservative.
In all cases, laxatives and diet therapy are used.
Laxative for dogs: 10 remedies to give for constipation
The sooner constipation is eliminated, the better for the pet.
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To prevent the dog from becoming weaker from hunger, as well as intoxication, use fast-acting laxatives.
For pets, veterinary and medical preparations are used, which are prescribed by a doctor. They are usually divided into the following groups:
- Saline laxatives for a single emergency relief of acute constipation.
- Preparations based on mineral or vegetable oils.
- Prebiotics derived from lactulose. It is a disaccharide composed of galactose and fructose. Not absorbed by animal digestive enzymes and pathogenic microbes. Available for enzymes of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine, which eliminate disease-causing flora and normalize digestion. Prebiotics are gentle.
Magnesium sulfate (Magnesia), medical product.
Use a powder diluted with an equal amount of water under the supervision of a veterinarian. The drug is poorly absorbed, increases the osmotic pressure inside the intestinal tube. Water rushes to the place of the congestion, feces liquefy. Excess moisture irritates the mucous membrane, smooth muscle contraction occurs, the intestines are emptied.
The drug is effective if the dog is full of bones or constipation due to lack of water or adynamia.
The drug is used once in an amount of 2 to 20 g, depending on the weight of the pet.
Magnesia is contraindicated for pets suffering from chronic diseases of the kidneys, heart, liver, pregnant bitches, puppies, old dogs. If intestinal obstruction has formed, the medicine cannot be used. Do not give magnesium to pets during postoperative rehabilitation.
The effect occurs approximately 5 hours after using the drug.
Sodium sulfate (Glauber’s salt).
For constipation, the drug is used under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Once at a dose of 1.0-1.5 g / kg of dog weight, but not more than 25 g.
The principle of action and limitations are the same as in the treatment with magnesia.
Vaseline oil is a liquid paraffin that is not subject to emulsification by bile, digestion and absorption into the blood.
The hydrocarbon envelops the thickened food lump, lubricates the mucous membrane, promotes the movement of the formed feces through the intestines.
The drug is injected into the mouth 1-2 times a day with a syringe with a removed needle at a dose of 1 ml / 2 kg of body weight. The course of treatment is 5 days or less.
Contraindications. shortness of breath, bloody discharge from the anus or mouth, hyperthermia (above 41 °), intestinal obstruction. To correctly inject the oil, raise the pet’s head, pull the lip at the corner of the mouth, insert the cannula of the syringe between the teeth of the upper and lower jaws. Inject the oil, stroke the neck from top to bottom so that the pet swallows the medicine.
If the desired effect is not achieved, and the oil appears at the exit, change the tactics of treatment, apply an enema.
Castor oil is used once.
In the intestine, it is broken down to glycerol and ricinic acid, which irritate the mucous membranes. For dogs, the drug is administered in pure form in an amount of 5 to 50 ml.
Defecation occurs, on average, 6 hours after ingestion.
The remedy is contraindicated for puppy bitches, as it irritates not only the intestines, but also the uterus, as well as with internal bleeding and intestinal obstruction.
If vomiting occurs after taking the drug, seek veterinary help immediately.
Don’t treat constipation with sunflower oil. In dosages comparable to castor, it does not have the desired effect, since it stimulates the secretion of bile. Vegetable fats are emulsified and broken down by digestive enzymes to fatty acids and glycerol and are used for energy purposes. At higher concentrations, vegetable fat increases the load on the liver.
Bimin was made on the basis of petroleum jelly especially for dogs and cats.
For 1 kg of body weight, give 1 ml of the drug. For puppies weighing up to 1 kg. 3 drops of medicine for therapeutic purposes and 1 drops each for prophylactic purposes.
Duphalac. a medicinal product approved for use on dogs.
It is a sweet syrup that contains 667 mg / ml lactulose. The nutrient is available for absorption only by the beneficial bacteria in the large intestine. They normalize the functioning of the digestive system. Thickened stool softens.
Defecation occurs after 5 or 12 hours.
The drug is given at night for 2-3 days in a row or until complete recovery.
In case of an overdose, vomiting, diarrhea and intestinal distention cannot be ruled out.
Lactusan is available in syrup form. The active ingredient is lactulose.
The drug is prescribed when constipation has occurred as a result of prolonged antibiotic therapy or with symptomatic treatment of diarrhea.
The daily dosage is 1 cm / 3 kg of weight. The effect comes after three days of use. A side effect is diarrhea, which does not negatively affect the pet’s well-being. The cost of a bottle of 300 ml. 300 rubles.
Microlax for cats and dogs is a solution for rectal administration in 5 ml tubes.
Active ingredients. lauryl phosphate, sodium citrate, sorbitol destroy thickened feces.
Use the drug under medical supervision if constipation occurs after surgery or if the above remedies do not work.
Drive the entire tube for a large dog, half for a small dog. Possible side effects are diarrhea and allergic rashes. The number of injections of the drug is determined by the veterinarian.
Mucofalk is a prebiotic agent based on soluble fiber of psyllium seed shells.
The drug has been adapted to treat constipation in dogs.
The medicine is a sachet in which 5 g of granules with a pleasant taste and smell were placed. Open the sachet, pour into a cup, pour 150 ml of water, stir. Wait for the suspension to thicken to a jelly consistency, feed the dog. If the pet is small, 60 cm3 is enough.
The drug is given twice a day until the problem is eliminated.
Mucofalk is sold in packs of 20 sachets worth 490 r.
Bisacodyl is a medicine that enhances mucus secretion and intestinal motility.
For dogs, rectal suppositories are used. A large animal is inserted one candle, a small one. a quarter.
The duration of the course of treatment is determined by the doctor.
A pack of 10 suppositories costs 50 rubles.
Dietary supplement, source of lactulose.
Veterinary drug with a pronounced laxative effect, which contains: lactulose, lactose and galactose. Stimulates the growth of beneficial lactic acid bacteria in the large intestine and increases the “water content” of feces. Effective for severe constipation.
Magnesia (magnesium sulfate)
Effective laxative for dogs, thinning fecal matter by attracting fluid and having a pronounced peristaltic effect.
What is the danger of constipation
The consequences of prolonged constipation are serious enough. The main risks are:
- general intoxication of the body;
- critical internal intestinal trauma, up to rupture of the intestinal walls;
- violations in the functions of internal organs and systems;
- excessive stress on the heart;
- violation of the trophism of the skin with the subsequent appearance of itching, scratching, places of baldness;
- death of the animal if the intestines are not emptied within 4-7 days.
All About Dog Enema
This is one of the first aid methods for a dog with constipation. Before the dog is given an enema, you need to know for sure that this procedure will not hurt her even more. Before undertaking an enema for a dog, you must first consult with a specialist regarding the solutions introduced into the intestine, their volumes, as well as the nuances of the procedure itself.
Also, the doctor will be able to roughly say, according to the symptoms described by the owner, whether it can be done at all. Enemas are deep and shallow. Shallow cleansing enemas for constipation can be easily done at home by the pet owner himself. If constipation lasts a long time, then only a deep enema can already help, which is carried out only by a veterinarian.!
What to tell the doctor
When contacting a veterinarian, it is important to provide the following information in more detailed form:
- the age of the animal and the way of life;
- how long has constipation been fixed and in what manifestations;
- the presence of vomiting, its frequency and frequency, the type of vomit.
- the usual methods and daily frequency of feeding;
- a list of the fed food for the last 24 hours;
- changes in behavior, urination, bowel movements, appetite, thirst.
By examining the animal, the veterinarian can determine the presence of foreign objects in the intestines, the presence of inflammation of the perineum and anus, problems with the paraanal glands, neurological problems, bone injuries.
To more accurately determine why the dog has constipation, in addition, the following may be prescribed:
- general blood analysis;
- abdominal x-rays;
- X-ray of the intestine with contrast to assess its patency;
- Abdominal ultrasound.
How much liquid do you need and how to prepare
To flush the intestines, you need to adhere to the following volumes of fluid, depending on the size of the dog:
- weight about 50 kg. within 1 liter;
- weight about 20-40 kg. within 500 ml;
- weight up to 20 kg. within 200 ml.
Enema is done using Esmarch mugs (for large dogs), suspended at a height of no more than 1 m, as well as syringes and rubber pears of various sizes. In small breeds (dwarf) dogs, the use of a syringe for 10 cubes is allowed. It is safest to use rubber-tipped instruments to avoid injury during the procedure. Before the enema, you can enter the dog No-Shpu or Baralgin (intramuscularly, at the rate of 0.1 ml / 1 kg of weight) to relax the intestines, relieve pain and prevent spasms at the time of the procedure.
Associated with physiological pathologies
- Diseases of internal organs (kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract);
- Fractures of the pelvic bones.
- Inflammation, edema, abscesses of the prostate and para-anal glands.
- Intestinal blockage with foreign objects (bones, toys).
- Intestinal atony.
- Dysbacteriosis of the large intestine.
- Tumors in the intestine or perineum.
- Diseases of the nervous system, accompanied by paralysis and paresis.
- Injuries and pains in the spine.
Sources of the problem “constipation
The most common non-disease related cause of constipation is poor diet:
- Wrong diet:
- Lack or low amount of fiber in food;
- Pet consumption of waste;
- Consumption of dry food with insufficient intake of liquid in the dog’s body;
- Monotonous food;
- Steep broth based food;
- Bone nutrition;
Causes of constipation associated with physiological pathologies:
- Diseases of internal organs. gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys;
- Injuries to the pelvic bones;
- Ingestion and clogging of the intestines with foreign objects;
- Inflammation of the prostate and paranasal glands;
- The presence of parasites. worms in the intestines;
- Intestinal atony;
- Dysbacteriosis of the large intestine;
- Diseases of the anus;
- Neurological pathologies (paresis, paralysis);
- The presence of tumors in the intestine;
- Spine injury.
What to do if your dog is constipated?
What to do at home if your dog is constipated? In what cases is it necessary to contact a veterinarian?
What is considered constipation in a dog
In a healthy dog, the act of defecation should occur twice a day. Even a single emptying per day should alert the owner. In puppies this process occurs more often. 5-6 “trips to the toilet”.
- Stool with a frequency of twice every three days or the presence of pain during bowel movements can be considered constipation;
- Fecal masses accumulate in the intestines of the animal, which eventually dry out, thicken, causing discomfort in the animal. They can injure the intestines during bowel movements;
- Constipation is a common problem in dogs, especially older ones. Also, the disease is characteristic of dogs with a sedentary lifestyle, eating bones.
Danger of constipation
Frequent and prolonged constipation is dangerous. The risks are as follows:
- Intoxication of the body. Feces accumulate in the intestines. During its decomposition, harmful toxic substances are formed. skatole, methane, mercaptan, etc.;
- Critical internal intestinal trauma (even rupture of the intestinal walls) is possible;
- Harmful substances negatively affect internal organs and systems. liver, kidneys. The heart works under extreme conditions;
- Trophic changes in the skin. itching, baldness;
- Death of an animal in the absence of defecation within four to seven days.
Helping a dog with constipation
What to do at home if your dog is constipated? You can help the animal yourself only if the constipation is not accompanied by any other symptoms, except for the absence of defecation. If constipation is provoked by any disease and there are other negative phenomena in the behavior of the animal, then you should definitely contact your veterinarian.
One of the forms of constipation is coprostasis (stagnation of feces in the lower intestine). If there is not enough fluid in the animal’s body, then it begins to be absorbed from the feces by the intestinal walls. In this situation, you can help the dog at home.
- Rationally change the diet;
- Give your dog plenty of fluids;
- Use an enema;
- Use folk laxatives, medicines (for animals, not for humans!).
5 Home Remedies for Constipation in Dogs
If the dog has visible discomfort, you can give it antispasmodics.
But you should begin to provide assistance with an enema. Laxatives stimulate intestinal motility. If it starts to work, and the feces are dry and dense, then the animal will experience pain and injury.
Enema allows you to eliminate constipation effectively and quickly. It softens the stool, which prevents the occurrence of negative consequences. cracks in the anus, hemorrhoids.
For an enema, use plain water, a decoction of chamomile, castor oil, a solution of potassium permanganate, etc.
At home, constipation in a dog can be eliminated with improvised means:
- At night, give fresh kefir. how much the dog will drink itself. If she does not want to drink it, pour it in with a syringe or a rubber bulb;
- Add sunflower, linseed or castor oil to food at night;
- Give petroleum jelly by mouth, syringe or syringe (the amount depends on the size of the dog).
Constipation is a negative phenomenon that must be eliminated, and not wait until it goes away on its own. It is best to contact your veterinarian to know the exact cause of this condition.
How to help your pet
If you notice constipation in dogs, treatment should be started as soon as possible. If the feces come out partially and the animal feels satisfactory, then you can try to cope with the problem yourself.
With drugs that activate the work of peristalsis and intestines, dogs are allowed the following means:
It is better to refrain from medical treatment of your pet in the complete absence of bowel movements. In this case, the dog must be taken to the veterinarian for a complete examination. If the cause of constipation is some ailment or a swallowed object, then giving the animal a laxative, you can harm it even more.
Also, do not self-medicate if constipation is accompanied by anxious behavior, drowsiness, vomiting, refusal to eat, and soreness of the abdomen. The dog needs to carry out a number of laboratory tests, do x-rays and ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.
Recognizing constipation is easy
In the absence of any intestinal problems, the dog defecates twice a day. Owners may suspect constipation in a pet due to the absence of defecation for more than a day. If the animal has never gone to the toilet during the day, then this is a wake-up call that it’s time to visit the veterinarian.
Also, constipation in a dog has the following symptoms:
- making an effort when trying to defecate;
- attempts to go to the toilet end in nothing;
- soreness when emptying (the dog may whine);
- too dry stool;
- a small amount of faeces of an abnormal shape;
- presence of hairballs in feces.
In animals, with a prolonged absence of stool, the urge to defecate becomes more frequent. The dog often asks to go outside, whines and trembles, but in the end, after another attempt to defecate, the feces still do not come out. At the same time, the pet’s belly is unnaturally hard when probing, which is explained by bloating due to the accumulation of gases.
How often and why does a dog get constipated?
Each breed of dog has its own vulnerability, because of which there is a need to visit a veterinarian from time to time. Some often suffer from stomach problems, others have a weak liver or kidneys, others are worried about the pancreas, etc. All this increases the risk of developing intestinal dysfunction and, if not fed properly, animals face constipation.
The most dangerous are intestinal congestion, which has arisen as a symptom of one of these diseases:
- inflammation of the pancreas;
- liver dysfunction;
- poor kidney function;
- orthopedic problems;
- abnormal formations in the intestines or anus;
- enlargement of the prostate gland (in males);
- ailments of the stomach, etc.
Young dogs often suffer from a lack of bowel movement due to overeating. Therefore, it is important to establish a norm for the pet and try not to exceed it, even if he asks for more. Constipation also develops against the background of an unbalanced diet with insufficient fiber.
Most often, older individuals suffer from problems with stool. This is especially true for dogs that are inactive.
Also, the reasons for the appearance of an ailment such as constipation include:
- feeding with dry food;
- high consumption of bones;
- adding fatty broth to the porridge;
- lack of water in the bowl.
In addition to the above, the absence of a bowel movement in a dog occurs due to intestinal obstruction. This pathology can be provoked by a solid object swallowed by an animal or an accumulation of a large amount of wool (found in fluffy dogs). Often constipation occurs in the dog after bones, especially chicken bones (they should not be given to the pet at all).
Causes of constipation in dogs
Difficulty in a dog’s bowel movement can be caused by a number of reasons. They can be divided into those that are associated with the wrong rhythm of life of the four-legged, and which are associated with diseases.
Constipation in a dog
Such a seemingly banal problem as constipation in a dog, in advanced cases, can even lead to intoxication and rupture of the intestines, damage to internal organs and, as a result, the death of the animal. To prevent this from happening, you must observe the correct daily regimen and diet of your pet.
But, if such a nuisance has already occurred, each pet owner should know what to do in this situation and how to provide his pet with first aid.
In order to notice in time changes in the natural processes of dog’s emptying, you need to notice how many times your dog goes to the toilet, and what is the normal emptying schedule for him.
- Puppies can void about five times a day.
- Adult dogs. one or two.
- Aging dogs. every two to three days.
Earlier, I already told you what feces should be in a healthy dog: evenly colored and well-formed. If deviations from the norm appear, you need to sound the alarm.
- Intestinal neoplasms.
- Diseases of the prostate in males.
- Inflammation of the paraanal glands.
- Spine pain.
- Diseases of the liver, kidneys.
- Neurological and orthopedic diseases.
If a puppy is constipated
Overeating is the most common cause of constipation in puppies, as at this age dogs usually do not know what to do and eat until they see the bottom of the bowl. Therefore, at the first problems with bowel movement, you need to reconsider the number of feedings for a small pet and reduce portions.
If defecation is completely absent, then the animal should be taken to the veterinarian. In case of partial excretion of feces, the puppy can be helped to restore stool by the following methods:
- give half a teaspoon of petroleum jelly;
- do a tummy massage;
- resort to micro enema.
- Postoperative constipation in dogs
Intestinal obstruction after surgery is quite common. And this applies not only to humans, but also to dogs.
If the dog has symptoms of constipation after the operation, then it should be immediately taken to the veterinarian. Otherwise, the animal may undergo another surgical intervention.
The causes of constipation in dogs in the postoperative period are antibiotics and other medications that are given to the pet for a better and faster recovery. Therefore, it is important to keep the animal’s microflora healthy until the end of therapy.
The pet’s diet during this period should consist exclusively of light foods. Useful will be the use of kefir with the addition of bran.
What to give a dog for constipation
You wanted to know what to give your dog for constipation. I think these 10 remedies will definitely help you heal your dog.
When to take a constipated dog to the vet
Of course, what to give a dog for constipation is good and the above remedies can help, but in some cases you need to react seriously, and only a veterinarian can help.
It’s good to call your veterinarian as soon as you hear of a problem. Constipation can be a sign of some very serious medical conditions.
Long-term or chronic constipation can lead to a build-up of dried feces that gets stuck in the colon, known as constipation. This can lead to another condition, which is marked by the impossibility of normal bowel movements. megacolon. The large intestine swells up and loses the ability to move stool. Chronic constipation is both a contributing factor and a symptom of this disorder.
When you visit your veterinarian, make sure you are armed with as much information as possible, including:
Depending on the duration and severity of symptoms, a veterinary examination may consist of:
- palpation of the abdomen;
- rectal examination;
- abdominal radiographs;
- barium enema;
- Ultrasound or colonoscopy;
- complete blood count;
- Analysis of urine;
- neurological test.
Causes of constipation in dogs
How do you know if your dog is constipated??
You may find that your dog is less likely to empty out despite eating a normal amount of food. Constipated dogs will strain to empty themselves. The stool is usually shaped and has a hard, dry consistency. You may notice that the dog’s anus is bulging, but the stool does not move.
If constipation continues for a long time, your dog may lose its appetite. Vomiting may occur due to the appearance of the hind intestine in the colon.
What can you give your dog for constipation??
Just like humans, dogs can feel constipated, making them uncomfortable and even painful. Typically, this condition can be associated with a lack of fiber in the dog’s diet or not getting enough water throughout the day. Feeding your dog certain types of food can also contribute to the problem. There are many treatment options for constipation, we have listed just a few remedies to give your dog a constipation.
Please keep in mind that you should always check with your veterinarian before making any changes to your dog’s diet or medication (and also to make sure he is not showing symptoms of a more serious illness or disorder).
Veterinary treatment and prevention
Most cases are resolved with gentle treatments such as increasing fluid and fiber levels or increasing exercise. Laxative suppositories and enemas can be helpful, but should only be used under the direction of a veterinarian, especially if needed for an extended period.
In more extreme cases, medical interventions are needed such as:
- Removal of the affected feces by hand;
- A drug to activate normal colon function or to block the production of certain enzymes;
- Surgery may be needed in very rare, extreme cases, usually for a megacolon. One surgical procedure known as colectomy, which removes portions of the colon.
For most dogs, constipation will be a rare problem that will be controlled through a balanced diet, access to fresh water and regular exercise, this is the main thing to give the dog constipation.