home Cats What do lop-eared kittens look like when they are just born?

What do lop-eared kittens look like when they are just born?

Lop-eared kittens

Description of the breed. scottish fold kittens

For the past twenty years, the Scottish Fold has acquired its own recognizable type, despite interbreeding with American and British Shorthair cats.

This breed does not have to be massive, with a compact body and short legs, like the British. Distinctive feature. unusual ears, a crease at the base of which causes the ear to tilt forward. Scottish lop-eared. It is a medium-sized cat with a round, well-filled body and short, dense and firm hair. She has large, round, wide-set eyes with an even color, rounded furry paws and a short nose with a gentle curve in profile.

Animals of this breed are of two types: with hanging ears (folded ear) and straight. normal (straight). Lop hearing occurs due to an incompleteness of a dominant gene and is the result of an accidental mutation.

recently, the ranks of short-haired folds have been replenished with their semi-long-haired variation, called the highland fold. These cats have retained all the characteristic features of the breed, having acquired an elegant, fluffy coat. Highlands have not yet received mass distribution in Russia, but they confidently find their admirers among cat lovers.

The lop-eared gene is dominant, but the expressiveness (severity) of its action in kittens, even within the same litter, looks different. They love human society and show it with their whole appearance. Scottish cats adapt well both to densely populated apartments full of running children and dogs, and to small rooms. They are not afraid and get along well with other animals.

Scottish Fold kittens are born with normal straight ears. At three to four weeks of age, their ears fall down or remain straight. By twelve weeks, you can already determine the quality of the kitten: show (show), breeding (breed) or domestic (pet). Only cats with prone ears are on display, so get such kittens. every breeder’s dream.

Photo Lop-eared kittens (click to enlarge):

The origin of the Scottish Fold breed

Modern representatives of the Scottish Fold arose as a result of spontaneous mutation. On a Scottish farm in 1961, farmer William Ross noticed a cat with its ears tucked down. She gave birth to two kittens, one of which was acquired by Ross. He registered a white female and began to create a new breed. It became clear that the ears were bent. dominant feature. The degree of lop-earedness in different animals is completely different and manifests itself regardless of the genotype.

The lop-ear gene is dominant. However, at the very beginning of the formation of the Scottish Fold breed, breeders faced serious problems associated with disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Such serious complications led to the fact that in 1971 the largest felinological organization in Europe GCCF came to the conclusion that there is a direct relationship between the presence of hanging ears and similar bone anomalies in a cat. As a result, the breed was banned in its homeland in Scotland and England.

Perhaps this would be the end of the story of one of the most attractive cats, if some of them did not find a second home in America. Here in Massachusetts, at the Carnivore Science Center, under the guidance of geneticist Neil Todd, the nature of the inheritance of the lop-ear gene was studied in detail. Neil found that disorders of the musculoskeletal system in Scottish Folds occur only if the cat in its genotype contains a combination of only dominant genes.

Based on this, the breeders of this breed were asked to change the breeding programs (breeding programs) and stop knitting folds among themselves. For mating with folds, it was proposed to use straights. cats with ordinary erect ears.

Photo Lop-eared kittens (click to enlarge):

Characteristics of the Scottish Fold

Scottish Fold has relatively low requirements and does not require much handling. To be happy, he needs a clean environment, plenty of food and, above all, the sympathy of his owners. Scottish Fold cats have a sense of humor and frolic when their owners play and laugh with him. Its appearance alone already makes any person feel good.

The head of the Scottish Fold is well rounded, with a firm chin and developed jaws. The muzzle should have noticeable and well-rounded vibris pads. The head merges smoothly into a short, strong neck. Well developed cheeks, especially in Scottish cats.

The eyes are wide open. Large, rounded, set wide apart. The color of the eyes generally corresponds to the color of the coat. The nose of the Scottish fold is wide with a slight transition. A small stop is allowed, but a noticeable stop is considered a disadvantage. The profile is soft, moderately streamlined. The ears are folded forward and down. Small, smaller is better. Small, well-built ears are preferred. The ears of a Fold cat should be set in such a way as to emphasize the rounded skull. The tips of the ears should be rounded.

The body is medium in size, round, in proportion to the level of the shoulders and croup. The cat is strong, densely built, but without a hint of fatness or lack of mobility due to short, coarse limbs. The feet are very neat and well rounded, with five toes on the front feet and four on the hind feet. Scottish Fold cats can be slightly smaller than cats. Medium to long tail, but in proportion to the body.

The wool of the Scottish Fold is short, dense, plush, and uniform. The texture of the coat may vary depending on color or regional and seasonal variations. Coat length from medium-long to long. Abundant vegetation on the face and body is desirable, but short hair is allowed on the face and limbs. “Pants”, tail feathering, tufts of hair between the toes and hairs on the ears should be clearly visible, a collar is desirable. Wadded wool is a serious disadvantage of adult animals.

Photo Lop-eared kittens (click to enlarge):

All cats are gray at night, but what do they look like during the day? Let’s take a closer look at the patterns on Scottish cats fur coats. Perhaps it is difficult to find two dressed exactly the same. These fashionistas have in their wardrobe much more outfits than British ones, and have about two hundred colors, for which cat breeders use mainly English terminology to describe them.

black fold scottish cat We jokingly mention the “outfits” of Scottish cats, since the English word tabby, according to some sources, was first applied to oriental moire fabrics. Literal translation from English tabby. tabby cat. This is the main, so-called “wild” color, inherent in many wild animals, especially cubs.

The most prominent representative of the feline genus with this color is the tiger. Therefore, this color was named brindle. In English, this color is called mackerel, because to the English it resembles mackerel, or mackerel, fish. A brindle-colored Scottish cat should have a pattern in the form of the letter “M” on the forehead, three closed rings in the form of a necklace on the chest, rings on the legs and tail.

Three more colors belong to tabby, which come from the main, striped. If the stripes are interrupted along the length, then spots appear. A spotted pattern appears, in English spotted. Ideally, in a spotted pattern, the spots should not merge anywhere, forming stripes. The third type of tabby is the marble pattern, or blotched. In this case, the stripes are not even, but fancifully bend, forming intricate patterns. This color is also called classic tabby. It allows for a mix of straight stripes on the back and rings and even more intricate patterns on the sides and shoulders.

Fold Scottish cat silver-black marble The fourth tabby color is Abyssinian, or ticked. It was first discovered in Abyssinian cats. It is formed as a result of ticking, that is, zonal dyeing with rings of each hair, while the tip should be dark. This color resembles a hare or rabbit fur coat. All tabby colors consist of a combination of the main monochromatic: white, silver, black, red, blue and lightened options: chocolate, cream, lilac. The Scottish cat can also be dressed in a plain coat. This color is called solid.

The next group consists of tipped colors, which are formed as a result of incomplete staining of hairs. When only the tips of the hairs are dyed, about 1/5 of the length, shadow colors appear. When dyeing half of the hair, the colors “smoke” are obtained.

It has been noticed that Scottish cats, unlike British cats, love white. Many colors in the Scottish breed are associated with the presence of white spots of various sizes, these are the so-called piebald colors. These include harlequin. a white background with spots of a different color, located chaotically and having any shape. The color of the spots is the main color. Bicolors. white occupies about half of the total color.

The tortoiseshell colors of Scottish cats resemble the shells of turtles. They are characterized by a combination of spots of different colors, red (cream) and black (chocolate, blue, purple). The color can consist of two main colors, for example, blue-cream, lilac-cream. Tricolors and particolors. combination of tortoiseshell color with white.

As a rule, all tortoiseshell colors are inherent only to cats. Scottish cats such variegated “clothes” are allowed only for their chosen ones, and they themselves “dress” more modestly. If, in the rarest of cases, a cat of this tortoiseshell color appears, it will certainly turn out to be sterile.

Photo Lop-eared kittens (click to enlarge):

Correct and timely feeding is the key to good health and longevity of your pet. When choosing a diet, remember that a cat is by nature a predator; meat must be present in its menu.

The cat refuses to feed the kittens, which can replace the cat’s milk?

Use milk replacer for newborn kittens for feeding. For example, “Royal Canin Babycat Milk” or “Beaphar Kitty Milk”. These products are made from easily digestible whey and are very similar in composition and taste to natural cat milk.

If you are feeding with natural products, you need to add vitamins, minerals (calcium) and taurine to your food. Ready-made balanced feed “Premium” and “Super Premium” classes already contain all the necessary nutrients and minerals for the proper development of a kitten.

The better to feed the kitten, dry food or pate?

Pates can be alternated with dry food, the interval between feedings is at least 2 hours. If the kitten is fed only with soft food (pates), plaque forms on the teeth, the teeth change later, since the load on them is not created, the kitten may even forget how to chew. Dry food cleans teeth well from plaque. Special food for small kittens can be fed from 4 weeks of age. On the food packaging, the manufacturer indicates how much to give. Measure exactly as instructed and do not overfeed. Make sure that water is always freely available, this is very important when feeding artificial dry food.

Photo Lop-eared kittens (click to enlarge):

Scottish Fold Kitten Care

From childhood, a Scottish kitten must be taught to daily care, then in the future he will understand that examining the ears, eyes, teeth, grooming. this is part of his life.

Once every two weeks, we examine the cat’s ears: the shells should be clean, without rashes, plaque, and unpleasant odor. Carefully clean the ear canal with a cotton swab. In a healthy animal, sulfur is light, odorless. Longer hairs often grow at the end of the ear. “tassels”. They need to be removed. To do this, we hold the tip of the ear with the fingers of one hand, and with the other at this time we cut off the hairs or pluck them out (carefully).

The eyes of British and Scottish Fold cats generally do not require special care. In the morning, sometimes dark plaque accumulates in the corners of the eyes, which is removed with boiled water applied to a soft cloth or napkin. Purulent discharge is unacceptable and is the reason for contacting a doctor.

The fur of the animal also requires care. British. the only shorthaired breed that loves combing against the grain. 2 times a week, with a metal and massage brush, comb the hair, first in the direction of hair growth, and then against. This is a wonderful massage. First, the hair is combed on the back, along the sides, on the chest. The cheeks and neck are massaged “towards the face”, i.e. against the grain. After combing, the excess wool is removed with damp hands or a special rubber mitten.

For the litter box, you need to choose a secluded but accessible place. The most convenient is the toilet or the bathroom. It is categorically excluded to place the litter tray in places of rest and eating of the animal. The tray is cleaned with non-toxic, odorless detergents, preferably with baby soap and a specially designated sponge. If possible, the tray should be as large as possible. large size and curved sides (this is convenient not for the cat, but for the owner).

At first, you need to make sure that the kitten correctly determines the location of its tray. As soon as the baby starts to fuss, finely touch his paws, squat, dig in the wrong place, take him to the litter tray and make sure he used it. Praise him, fondle him.

The cat’s favorite sleeping mat. flat pad about ten centimeters thick. It is advisable to raise the bed above the floor.

To ensure that the claws are always “ready for battle”, cats sharpen them several times a day, while they mark the boundaries of their personal territory with the help of a secret secreted by the sebaceous glands on the toes.

To protect your furniture from cat claws, carpets, walls, buy or make yourself a special post for the claw point. The height of the post must be at least 40 centimeters.

Take the kitten to the post several times a day, especially after sleeping. Reward your kitten for good behavior. During the training period, the places that the kitten tries to scratch must be covered (with plastic, film). You can rub the orange peel on problem areas, and if you leave home, tie the peel to the scratched area. The harshest punishment for a kitten should be a sharp shout “No!” Be consistent and persistent.

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Photo Lop-eared kittens (click to enlarge):

When to choose a fold kitten?

You can separate a mother-cat and a kitten at the age of the baby at least 2.5-3 months, when the kitten has already grown up and adapted enough, he can eat a variety of foods and is accustomed to the tray.

Before that, they will have enough time to feed their mother’s milk, with which they receive important substances and antibodies, which form the basis of the health of the Scottish Fold cat. What is also very important. at this age the kittens are already vaccinated. It is in connection with all of the above reasons that Scottish Fold kittens are sold at the age of no earlier than 2.5 or three months, however, until this time, many breeders provide potential buyers with the opportunity to choose the baby they like.

If you want to get a Scottish Fold kitten, we advise you to visit a cat show or go to one of the breeders’ sites on the Internet, where you can choose the gender, color and breed of the cat, as well as their parents, and evaluate the conditions in which they are kept. Choosing a Scottish Fold kitten is not an easy process, and one reason is that different mowing lines can develop differently.

Be sure to pay attention to the tail of the lop-eared kitten that you are going to purchase. it should be long, not have kinks or knots and be mobile, since problems with the tail in lop-eared kittens are much more common than in other breeds. The reason for this is the gene that is responsible for lopening, Fd, which affects not only the ears, but also the entire cartilaginous tissue.

Spend time watching the kitten that you like: evaluate the gait, behavior, playfulness, because if the baby hides under the closet or looks scared and does not go into his arms. do not believe the beliefs of the breeders that he will adapt to your home in a new place, because the kitten. not tamed, will remain so, and the psyche of the baby and his behavior in a new place is a very important factor when choosing a cat.

Pay attention to the build of the kittens. it should be about the same. The belly should be soft and not bloated. Look under the kitten’s tail. it should be clean, but if not, this may indicate the baby’s diarrhea, one of which may be an infection. A fold-eared kitten should not puff out of the mouth, and ears, nose and eyes should be without discharge.

Be sure to ask to look at the place of residence of the mother-cat: there you can see what the cats eat and what filler is in the tray, as well as evaluate the parents of the cats in order to roughly imagine how they will grow up with you.

A decent breeder will help you with any questions you may have about feeding or keeping a Scottish Fold kitten, as well as give advice and important advice on how to make the adaptation of a Fold kitten in a new home the least painful, about the necessary vaccinations, etc.

Breed colors

In every country, and even more so in every nursery, work is underway with their favorite colors. The number of allowed options is quite large. You can choose as a monochromatic representative, as well as in various patterns and color marks.

  • Harlequin. On a pure white background, large markings on the back and head are allowed, the tail must be completely colored, it is possible that a different color overlaps the croup. Colored should be no more than a fifth. Blue eyes allowed.
  • Wang. Fully white, except for the colored tail and a couple of specks on the head.
  • Bicolor. Half of the cat is painted a different color (not white). A white closed collar is required.
  • Solid white. Yellow or other shades are undesirable. Color spots on the head are allowed in kittens, which should go away with age.
  • Solid black. Any shade on both the awn and the undercoat (brown, ashy) is prohibited, as well as the presence of white hairs.
  • Solid purple. Pinkish coat and nose lobes are preferred.
  • Solid blue. All shades are allowed, but lighter shades are better.
  • Solid red (red). Necessarily even, bright. Semi-rings of a light shade on the paws and a hint of a pattern on the forehead are acceptable.
  • Tortoiseshell. One of the most beautiful colors. The perfect blend of cream, reds, blues, blacks, reds and chocolate colors and shades. Preference is given to cats with a red or cream spot on the forehead. The paw pads and nose are colored in two main colors, which prevail in the color. Smoky undercoat is allowed in kittens. Any drawings are not allowed.

Health and care

On average, the breed has a good life expectancy and good health. But, as elsewhere, there are exceptions. Folds are the most common problem. In this regard, straights are distinguished by healthier genes.

In terms of grooming, Scottish cats are also not very whimsical. They calmly get used to regular brushing. The coat, despite its softness, does not require daily brushing, even in long-haired specimens.

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Like any cat, a Scotsman must undergo hygiene procedures (teeth, eyes, ears). The latter, in the light of physiological characteristics, is a prerequisite.

How to choose a Fold Scottish kitten

lop-eared, kittens, look, they, just

What is the difference between Scottish Fold and Straight cats

The Scottish Fold differs from the Scottish Straight counterpart mainly in the different structure of the ears. Their ears are miniature, they close the external auditory canal, as if hanging down. In another way, this breed is called Scottish Fold.

Only born Scottish kittens are similar to each other in the structure of the ears. Three weeks later, it becomes clear which of the kittens was born with a fold. Some kittens have raised ears, although they were lowered at birth.

  • The first degree. the ears are not very raised above the head, the tips can look in different directions or forward, the cartilage is folded in half.
  • In the second degree, a double pleated fold is distinguished from the side of the outer edge of the ear. The ears do not protrude beyond the head contour.
  • In the third degree at the tip of the ear, in addition to the presence of a double pleated fold, an additional fold (triple fold). In such a kitten, the head looks more rounded, since the ears are in the contour of the head. Representatives of the third degree are very rare among folds, even in America such kittens are unique.

Scottish Straight has erect ears and looks quite normal. In these kittens, the gene responsible for the bending of the ears did not appear outwardly, although one of the parents is a representative of the lop-eared phenotype. Unlike exotic folds, small straight-eared kittens look more inconspicuous, but they have all the qualities of goodness and superiority.

In each litter, up to several kittens with lop-eared ears are often born. Breeders look forward to and predict what their offspring will be, because suddenly the situation can change radically. And only on the 21st day it becomes clear which of them is who. During this period, kittens’ ears twist or fall.

It happens that fold kittens do not inherit beautiful ears from their parents. After all, the likelihood of inheriting those “popular” ears from pedigree folds is much higher than from representatives of dubious origin.

It is often possible to notice that in some Scottish Folds ears can react to all kinds of weather or other conditions. they rise in heat, during mating, during pregnancy, when changing the regime and type of diet. The folds are straightened, the ears at the tips can turn in different directions and rise. They may even bend backward, which is extremely rare.

Such changes in some animals are both temporary and irreversible. But kittens of the Scottish breed have ears that are completely straightened, or half, still differ in size from the ears of ordinary cats. It is extremely rare to find “strong” ears that do not change throughout life. Such representatives can be attributed to the show class.

Scottish Straights are a cat breed that can improve the genotype, bring the breed to the front ranks, without using various experiments with matings of other breeds. Straight is essential for good fold breeding. It differs from Scottish Fold in erect ears.

The reasons

The main difference between straight ears and hanging ears is the structure of the ear membrane. Immediately after birth, kittens are similar to each other. Only after a while, the ears either remain hanging and close the membrane, or rise. And sometimes this happens without any outside influence.

  • climatic conditions;
  • stress;
  • hormonal disbalance;
  • diet;
  • physiology.

If a lop-eared cat has straightened ears, then the weather conditions may have had a direct impact. For example, in the heat, they straighten up and stick out in different directions. A rare position occurs when bending back. In some cases, after the normalization of climatic conditions, a return to the previous place occurs. This breed is characterized by extreme sensitivity and response to any changes in the weather.

This also happens when the animal is under stress. Often, owners have noticed changes when the animal is nervous. In most cases, this position of the ears became permanent.

Lop-eared cats often have raised ears after giving birth. Hormonal disruptions occurring in the body also affect lop hearing. That is why many breeders participate with their pets at exhibitions only until the first birth, while the ears are hanging.

In the process of mating, people sometimes do not take this process seriously and do not pay enough attention to the main reason for straightening. a genetic predisposition. If you do not fix the gene responsible for lop-earedness, then even if the kitten is born lop-eared, then changes will soon occur.

Also, after incorrect mating and a thoughtless choice of a partner, kittens may not only change the structure of the auricle, but also have a number of health problems. The consequence of such a mutation can be splicing of the vertebrae or problems with the musculoskeletal system.

If a lop-eared cat has straightened ears, then the reason may be in the animal’s diet and replacing frequently eaten food with some other, less familiar food.

Signs of lop-ear

The following rules will help you to accurately determine the kitten’s lop-earedness and not fall for the bait of charlatans:

  • Choose a kitten at least three weeks old. The older he is at the time of purchase, the easier it will be to determine that he is lop-eared. It is advisable to buy a kitten at the age of two to three months.
  • Folds not only have unusual ears, but also a slightly different body structure. Their muzzles are wider, with small cheeks, their eyes are set wider. The ribcage is usually larger, and the legs and tail are shorter and thicker.
  • Feel the kitten’s nose. there should be no hump on the bridge of the nose. You also need to feel the tail. it should not have humps and knots.
  • Buy a fold-eared cat during the cold season. The fact is that folds have an interesting feature. in extreme heat, kittens have a slightly raised ears.

In addition, there are some general rules for choosing purebred kittens:

  • The kitten must be completely healthy. Its fur should be thick and silky, its eyes should be clean, and its belly should be soft. His mood is also important. if the kitten is healthy, he will be playful.
  • If in the future you want to breed purebred kittens or participate in exhibitions, then the kitten you buy must have a veterinary passport and pedigree.
  • Since healthy offspring is obtained only when a purebred cat is crossed with a regular one, you should inquire who the kitten’s parents are.
  • When buying a purebred kitten, be prepared to pay a high price for it. These kittens are really expensive, and if the seller offers you to give them cheaper, this is a reason to think about whether they are offering you defective animals.

By following these rules, you can easily choose a healthy pedigree kitten. But do not forget that the criteria for choosing a four-legged friend are not limited to these. After all, each animal has its own character. someone is docile, and someone has a wayward.

To make it easy for you to get along together, carefully monitor the reactions of the kittens you choose. You can determine the cat that suits you as follows:

  • If the baby growls at you, tries to scratch or run away, it is better to opt for someone else;
  • If the cat purrs and sits on your lap with pleasure. this is the beginning of a strong friendship.!

What do lop-eared kittens look like when they are just born?

Many people ask how to determine the lop-ear of a newborn kitten. In a newborn, it is not visible at all. Look at the photo above: do you see anything on it at all? But from the 18th day it is already clear which ears the kitten will have. straight or curved. Then you will see that some of the kittens’ ears fell slightly forward and downward.

When kittens show lop-earedness, it is already clear that the ears are lowered with one, two or three folds, or do not have them at all. There is an opinion among breeders that if there is only one fold, then, most likely, with age, the ears will rise completely or rise. If there are two folds, then how lucky: they can rise only a little, or they can strongly become so-called helicopters. The cherished three folds are very rare: such ears will lie perfectly throughout life. However, other breeders will object: sometimes the quality of the ears does not depend on the number of folds.

So, the signs of lop-earedness in a kitten are as follows: folds are curved down and forward; the smaller size of the auricle. There are no other signs such as the color of the hair on the ears, etc. degree

What to look for when choosing a Scottish Fold kitten?

If you want to get a Scottish Fold kitten, we advise you to visit a cat show or go to one of the breeders’ sites on the Internet, where you can choose the gender, color and breed of the cat, as well as their parents, and evaluate the conditions in which they are kept. Choosing a Scottish Fold kitten is not an easy process, and one reason is that different mowing lines can develop differently. It often happens that the pressed ears of a Scottish Fold kitten rise, and sometimes quite the opposite. the ears, which are not very dense initially, after a while may be pressed down due to the growth of the kitten.

Be sure to pay attention to the tail of the lop-eared kitten that you are going to purchase. it should be long, not have kinks or knots and be mobile, since problems with the tail in lop-eared kittens are much more common than in other breeds. The reason for this is the gene that is responsible for lopening, Fd, which affects not only the ears, but also the entire cartilaginous tissue.

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Spend time watching the kitten that you like: evaluate the gait, behavior, playfulness, because if the baby hides under the closet or looks scared and does not go into his arms. do not believe the beliefs of the breeders that he will adapt to your home in a new place, because the kitten. not tamed, will remain so, and the psyche of the baby and his behavior in a new place is a very important factor when choosing a cat. We also advise you not to pay attention to statements that a two-month-old kitten is a show class, since it is simply impossible to predict the class of Scottish Fold cats at this age.

Pay attention to the build of the kittens. it should be about the same. The belly should be soft and not bloated. Look under the kitten’s tail. it should be clean, but if not, this may indicate the baby’s diarrhea, one of which may be an infection. A lop-eared kitten should not puff out of the mouth, and ears, nose and eyes should be without discharge. The coat of healthy kittens is clean, soft and shiny, the opposite indicates poor nutrition or health problems. Scottish Fold kittens at the age of two months are very playful, mobile and curious.

Be sure to ask to look at the place of residence of the mother-cat: there you can see what the cats eat and what filler is in the tray, as well as evaluate the parents of the cats in order to roughly imagine how they will grow up with you.

A decent breeder will help you with any questions you may have about feeding or keeping a Scottish Fold kitten, as well as give advice and important advice on how to make the adaptation of a Fold kitten in a new home the least painful, about the necessary vaccinations, etc.

Lop-eared cat breeds

The breed of cats with an abnormal structure of the ears was first recorded in 1961, although they existed before. But it was from this time that scientists began to study such animals. They concluded that fold kittens are born due to a gene mutation. Very soon, scientists realized that if you cross two lop-eared individuals, the offspring are very weak.

That is why cat breeders breed Folds with regular cats with straight ears. Kittens from such a union are born healthy and strong. However, in such a litter, cubs appear, both with straight and hanging ears. over, until the age of two or three weeks, they cannot be distinguished from each other. they look exactly the same.

When the kittens reach three weeks of age, it becomes possible to determine whether the ears are lop-eared or not. In kittens with straight ears, at this time, the cartilage begins to harden, which supports the ears in a standing state. In lop-eared individuals, or folds, this does not happen, and characteristic folds appear in place of the cartilages, by which they are distinguished.

Straightening. pros and cons

Despite the fact that this breed of cats attracts many breeders and ordinary lovers, their feature does not always have a positive impact.

Lop-eared cats are more likely to suffer from various ear diseases, even before they are raised. Parasites quickly spread and remain unnoticed until the last stage, because the structure of the auricle is conducive to the formation and accumulation of sulfur. These areas should be viewed and cleaned regularly by lifting the ears.

Often, the elated state disappoints the owners, because at an early age the animal can still be lop-eared. Many people, in pursuit of the ideal breed, begin to cross incompatible species, after which sick kittens are born with many pathological abnormalities. Do not despair if the kitten’s ears are straightened, in some cases they may “fall” again.

By themselves, fold cats are friendly and quickly become attached to the owner. Because of this “zest” the care of the cat is carried out more thoroughly and tolerantly. Sometimes problems arise from physiological characteristics, so it is important to regularly take preventive measures. In an elevated state, sulfur and other dirt do not accumulate in them, and any symptoms can be immediately noticed.

Changes in the position and structure of the ear canal occur 5 weeks after birth. They are temporary, that is, if the ears rise in hot weather, then it is more likely that after some period they will drop again.

It also happens that irreversible straightening occurs. often after the first birth or first mating. There is no need to forcibly try to return the previous lop-earedness. This can happen to any kitten in the litter, even if he has a good pedigree. It is rare to find cats that do not change their position throughout their lives, and therefore such breeds are raised for presentation at exhibitions and other similar events.

Straightening occurs for various reasons, before starting a cat of this breed, you should consider the characteristic features, so as not to be disappointed in the choice later. Lop-eared cats require special care, even if the structure of the ears has changed. When buying a purebred cat, it is necessary to study its pedigree. this will avoid scammers offering ordinary animals for a high price.

How to choose a fold kitten? 0 6 February 2015

Useful materials:

General description of the disease Cutaneous horn on the forehead or face (ICD code 10. L57.0).

The main reasonsBefore considering the factors provoking the appearance of secretions that have a sourish odor, it is necessary to immediately note

Normal temperature in different species of animals Veterinary services Day hospital for animals Veterinary certificates Vaccination

What discharge between menstruation is considered normal Female discharge normally consists of mucus from the cervical canal, dead

Do’s and Don’ts when you first try to identify a cat or cat

Put the kitten on its stomach and lift its tail.

If possible, wait until the baby is 3-4 weeks old.

Make sure mommy cat doesn’t mind your actions.

Keep manipulation time to a minimum to avoid stress.

  • to carelessly hold a toddler
  • do not lift the kitten by the tail
  • if possible, do not pick up the kitten until 3 weeks of age. If you hold the kitten in your hands for a long time, then your scent may appear and the mother cat may refuse the baby. This will lead to the fact that you have to feed the kitten without a mother.
  • do not take away from feeding
  • thermoregulation in very small pussies (up to 1 month) is not developed, so do not hold it on your hands for a long time, as this can lead to hypothermia even in a few minutes
  • do not try to press on the genitals

Distance between anus and genitals

Consider the photos below. These are close-up snapshots of 3 week old kittens (1 month old). On the left is a boy, and on the right is a girl.

You need to pay attention to the distance between the anus and the genitals. In males, the distance is greater than in females. For clarity, consider the following picture.

What will you learn from the article

Agree, it is quite difficult to determine the sex of a small kitten, especially a newborn. You have to seek the help of a veterinarian or wait 10-12 weeks (2-3 months) before the gender is evident. Learn to do it yourself earlier.

The article contains all the necessary information for the owner of the animal, supported by a photo in order to learn how to distinguish a cat from a cat. It will also be useful to learn how to properly feed a kitten at 10-12 weeks.

Manifestation of the shape of the testicles in kittens-boys at 3 months

Part of the male cat’s genitals are the testicles, which are located between the anus and the penis. Almost imperceptible at birth, they begin to appear and increase in fluffies at the age of 10-12 weeks from birth. The photos below will help you visually understand this issue.

What should be a healthy kitten

Let’s take a look at what healthy fold kittens look like.

The little “Scotsman” should look friendly and inquisitive, playful, easy to move and jump. The health indicators are as follows:

  • coat: well-groomed and thick, without bald patches;
  • eyes: shiny, without pus;
  • gums: pink, no signs of inflammation;
  • ears: no pus, dark discharge, or foul odor;
  • tail: smooth, without kinks and thickenings;
  • belly: soft, even after eating (hard may indicate the presence of worms);
  • anal opening: small, without bumps and inflammation.

The discrepancy between the weight and age of the animal may indicate that the pregnant cat ate poorly, was sick or had been ill with the newborn kitten itself.

We take into account external factors

If you have decided on the class, the second important step is to choose the gender of the pet:

  • Male. Breeding cats are more difficult to keep than cats: they mark things in the apartment, often meow, etc. Therefore, if you do not plan to use a cat for breeding, it should be castrated.
  • Female. Breeding cats are calmer and more balanced. However, keep in mind that breeding kittens for sale requires experience, knowledge and investment, so buying a cat for “easy money” is not a good idea. As in the first case, the non-breeding animal is spayed to avoid disease. The operation costs 2 times more than for a cat.

If you decide to acquire a pair of animals for breeding, do not forget that one of them must be straight-eared. Crossbreeding of Fold Scots is prohibited, since the offspring in this case suffers from bone abnormalities.

The next important question is the length of the coat. The long-haired variety seems more attractive to some, but it also requires additional care.

The color can be chosen, focusing on your own preferences, but it must meet the requirement if you are taking a breed or show class animal.

Determining the purpose of the purchase

First, decide for what purpose you want to have an animal: as a pet, to participate in exhibitions or for breeding. Depending on whether your interests concern all three points or only a few, you can determine the class of the future cat:

  • Pet. The cheapest category. As a rule, a pet-class kitten has a healthy deviation from the standard. Usually this concerns an unacceptable color, bite, irregularly shaped ears, etc. Sometimes this class includes babies without defects, simply not reaching the exhibition level. As a rule, these kittens are sold under the condition of sterilization. If you only need a pet, you can safely dwell on this group: external data will not affect the friendly character of the animal, moreover, an unacceptable color by the standard does not mean “ugly”.
  • Breeding. This category includes only cats. As a rule, they have minor defects. not disqualifying, but only lowering their marks at shows (wrong coat texture, too wide-set eyes, etc.). With the right choice of a partner, such animals are capable of producing show-class offspring, and sometimes they themselves can take a prize at an exhibition (as a rule, a possible title is limited to “Champion of the breed”). Many people have such pets and just for the house.
  • Show. Promising kittens, most often with an impressive pedigree. They can take part in exhibitions and be used for breeding. This is a very expensive option, so these animals are rarely kept as regular pets.

Kittens are usually taken at an age when the formation has not yet been completed and changes for the worse are possible. The breeder determines the potential of the baby, focusing on the current shown and the data of the parents, but it is impossible to predict 100% how an adult animal will look.

If the seller assures you of the indispensable champion future of the kitten, this speaks of dishonesty: there were cases when kittens received numerous awards at the age of 3-6 months, but in the junior period they had problems with ears or tail.

In order for a kitten to receive a show class certificate, it must have excellent grades from a licensed specialist. To obtain the level of the top show class, he must be over 3 months old, and in addition to the specified document, receive the title “Best kitten” at a European format exhibition or become a participant in the final rings at an American format exhibition.

What affects the cost

Let’s now find out how much a Scottish kitten costs.

  • The cost of pet-class babies starts from 6 thousand rubles. It depends on the type of defect and the beauty of the color.
  • A breed-class kitty can be purchased for 18 thousand rubles. and higher, depending on her own merits and prospects of breeding qualities.
  • The price for a show-class animal can go up to 180 thousand rubles. It depends on the breed data and how many awards the parents received (and the kitten itself, if it has already been taken to exhibitions).

Think carefully about your own capabilities and desires, if necessary, consult with a specialist. Finally, carefully examine the future pet so that later this acquisition will bring maximum joy.

Newborn fold kittens: how to distinguish a Scottish from an ordinary one

Fold Scots have an unusual appearance, but in early childhood they are very similar to British Shorthair cats. Newborn cats can be Scottish and Highlands, Straights and Folds. But it is impossible to immediately find out what shape the baby’s ears will be. We will find out by what signs and at what age it is possible to determine the presence of lop-earedness in a kitten.

General information about lop-eared breeds

The history of the breed began in 1961, when an unusual white cat, Susie, was discovered on one of the farms in Scotland. The tips of her ears were bent forward and covered the upper part of the ear canal.

Later, Susie gave birth to kittens, two of which (a boy and a girl) inherited a genetic anomaly of the ears from their mother. The cat was castrated, so he left no offspring. And the cat named Sans was acquired by William Ross, who lived next door.

Ross brought in geneticist Pat Turner and the two started breeding a new breed. Local British cats were used as partners for Sans, resulting in 76 kittens. Of these, 42 were born lop-eared, and 34 were ordinary. This turned out to be enough to write an application for the creation of a new species. But life has made its own adjustments.

In 1971, the registration of Fold cats was canceled. The animals showed diseases of the bones, spine, deformity of the limbs, deafness, a tendency to infectious diseases, and much more. It is possible that the story of the Scots could have ended on this, but the situation was saved by geneticists from the United States. The problem was solved quite simply. All diseases turned out to be the legacy of the connection of homozygous cats (having the same lop-eared alleles). As soon as they began to knit with straight-eared Scots (heterozygous), healthy kittens were born.

In 1978, the CFA gave the Scots exhibition status. It took another 15 years to establish the standard for a new breed, which was called the Highland Fold (the first cats were longhaired). Later, short-haired Fold and Straight Scottish cats were recognized. They became Scottish and Highland Straights.

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What do newborn Scottish Fold kittens look like?

It is almost impossible to distinguish a Scottish kitten from an ordinary one. Like other babies, in the first days they sleep a lot, eat a lot and hardly react to external stimuli. It is better not to touch newborn animals at this time.

By the end of the first week of life, the kitten develops hearing, vision appears and the umbilical cord heals. During this period, there is a reaction to loud sounds.

By the end of the second week, fold cats already hear, see (vision is fully formed by 15-17 days), try to stand on their legs, become fluffy and release their claws. There is a reaction to the purring of the mother cat. By the end of the third week, natural curiosity wakes up. kids begin to look out of their box, and the most daring even try to get out of it and expand the sphere of living space.

At the age of 3 weeks, you can start socialization. the kitten is introduced to the tray, often picked up, played with it.

At the age of 20-30 days, the activity of small Scottish cats increases. They already know how to run and jump, and when they get scared, they hiss and arch their backs. Sleep duration is gradually reduced. Remains a long night’s rest and a short nap several times a day. During this period, artificial complementary foods are introduced.

By the age of 2 months, kittens no longer depend on maternal feeding, but out of habit they continue to look for a nipple.

Important! It is noticed that the more kittens are under the supervision of the mother, the stronger their immunity and the stronger the nervous system.

At 3 months old, the Scottish baby is already ready to change his place of residence:

  • he sees and hears perfectly;
  • knows how to use a tray and scratching post;
  • used to eating wet and dry food;
  • was vaccinated and treated against parasites.

Important! It is not recommended to take a Scottish kitten to a new home until it is 3 months old. Until this time, it is advisable that he was under the supervision of a mother cat.

When Fold Kittens Have Ears Down

First of all, you need to understand the genetic mechanics. Because it’s impossible to immediately understand whether the kitten is lop-eared or not. All babies are born with a normal structure of the auricle and all newborn kittens have ears. But by 15-20 days, the ears of lop-eared babies fall. Thus, kittens at 2 weeks show belonging to the group of lop-eared for the first time. But the process is not yet complete and everything can change quite quickly.

Initially, all animals were born with one fold, but later breeders were able to achieve the formation of two, and after a while and three folds on the ears of cats. If at the age of 2 weeks in lop-eared kittens only one fold has formed, then there is a high probability that later the cartilage will get stronger and the ear will straighten. in such kittens the ears rise in 50% of cases, and they grow not in folds, but in straights.

The presence of a double fold is a guaranteed sign by which you can distinguish a fold kitten from a normal one. In such a combination, the risk of colliding with inserted ears is reduced by half.

The most reliable sign is the presence of a triple fold. With it, the ear will definitely remain pressed to the head. However, it will be possible to finally determine the fold of a kitten only at the age of 3-4 months.

Important! Despite the fact that the Scots differ from other breeds in the unusual shape of the ears, some animal lovers prefer to have straight straights. They are afraid of possible health problems and believe that a cat with raised ears is more affectionate.

Foldness determination rules

It is possible to determine whether a kitten is lop-eared or not, not only by the appearance of the little Scotsman, but also using some additional methods:

  • Meet the parents of newborn Scottish Fold kittens. The father, as a rule, does not live with the offspring, but the cat must be with the babies up to 2.5 months. She may belong to the group of straights, but if all other breed characteristics are recognizable, then the litter should contain fold-eared kittens.
  • In order not to accidentally confuse a mestizo with a purebred animal, you need to inquire about the availability of documents. Even when the father is not with the kittens, breeders keep a photocopy of the papers confirming his breed. If you have elite parents, you can understand that a fold-eared kitten in a litter will definitely not be a half-breed.
  • If there is no confirmation of the breed of one of the parents, you should familiarize yourself with the mating documents. Felinological clubs always draw up an act according to the established model and register it. This will help you find out that the fold kitten was born legally.
  • By the time the kitten is sold, the breeder must prepare a metric.
  • If a small cat’s ears stand up immediately after birth, this is normal. Lop-earedness is determined later. Therefore, you cannot take a kitten from the cattery before he turns 3 months old.
  • In the early periods, even experienced experts cannot understand whether the kitten will fold or remain straight. An ordinary cat, especially a mestizo with a high proportion of Scottish blood, in the first weeks may look like a purebred. But the difference will surely show up by 3 months of age.
  • The choice of a nursery or a breeder is of great importance. Perhaps, reputation can become a determining factor here. Owners know the capabilities of their pets better than others and predict in advance how many upright and lop-eared babies a particular cat will have in the litter. They can give the most valuable advice on the content and always try to select only responsible and conscientious owners for babies. Therefore, the final recommendation on how not to become a victim of scammers refers specifically to the behavior of breeders. They never give up very young kittens, they are always interested in the expected living conditions of their pets, willingly share advice, show photos of cats-parents and children from previous litters. In this case, the buyer can be sure that he is purchasing a purebred Fold Scotsman.

    General information about lop-eared breeds

    The history of the breed began in 1961, when an unusual white cat, Susie, was discovered on one of the farms in Scotland. The tips of her ears were bent forward and covered the upper part of the ear canal.

    Later, Susie gave birth to kittens, two of which (a boy and a girl) inherited a genetic anomaly of the ears from their mother. The cat was castrated, so he left no offspring. And the cat named Sans was acquired by William Ross, who lived next door.

    Ross brought in geneticist Pat Turner and the two started breeding a new breed. Local British cats were used as partners for Sans, resulting in 76 kittens. Of these, 42 were born lop-eared, and 34 were ordinary. This turned out to be enough to write an application for the creation of a new species. But life has made its own adjustments.

    In 1971, the registration of Fold cats was canceled. The animals showed diseases of the bones, spine, deformity of the limbs, deafness, a tendency to infectious diseases, and much more. It is possible that the story of the Scots could have ended on this, but the situation was saved by geneticists from the United States. The problem was solved quite simply. All diseases turned out to be the legacy of the connection of homozygous cats (having the same lop-eared alleles). As soon as they began to knit with straight-eared Scots (heterozygous), healthy kittens were born.

    In 1978, the CFA gave the Scots exhibition status. It took another 15 years to establish the standard for a new breed, which was called the Highland Fold (the first cats were longhaired). Later, short-haired Fold and Straight Scottish cats were recognized. They became Scottish and Highland Straights.

    What do newborn Scottish Fold kittens look like?

    It is almost impossible to distinguish a Scottish kitten from an ordinary one. Like other babies, in the first days they sleep a lot, eat a lot and hardly react to external stimuli. It is better not to touch newborn animals at this time.

    By the end of the first week of life, the kitten develops hearing, vision appears and the umbilical cord heals. During this period, there is a reaction to loud sounds.

    By the end of the second week, fold cats already hear, see (vision is fully formed by 15-17 days), try to stand on their legs, become fluffy and release their claws. There is a reaction to the purring of the mother cat. By the end of the third week, natural curiosity wakes up. kids begin to look out of their box, and the most daring even try to get out of it and expand the sphere of living space.

    At the age of 3 weeks, you can start socialization. the kitten is introduced to the tray, often picked up, played with it.

    At the age of 20-30 days, the activity of small Scottish cats increases. They already know how to run and jump, and when they get scared, they hiss and arch their backs. Sleep duration is gradually reduced. Remains a long night’s rest and a short nap several times a day. During this period, artificial complementary foods are introduced.

    By the age of 2 months, kittens no longer depend on maternal feeding, but out of habit they continue to look for a nipple.

    Important! It is noticed that the more kittens are under the supervision of the mother, the stronger their immunity and the stronger the nervous system.

    At 3 months old, the Scottish baby is already ready to change his place of residence:

    • he sees and hears perfectly;
    • knows how to use a tray and scratching post;
    • used to eating wet and dry food;
    • was vaccinated and treated against parasites.

    Important! It is not recommended to take a Scottish kitten to a new home until it is 3 months old. Until this time, it is advisable that he was under the supervision of a mother cat.

    When Fold Kittens Have Ears Down

    First of all, you need to understand the genetic mechanics. Because it’s impossible to immediately understand whether the kitten is lop-eared or not. All babies are born with a normal structure of the auricle and all newborn kittens have ears. But by 15-20 days, the ears of lop-eared babies fall. Thus, kittens at 2 weeks show belonging to the group of lop-eared for the first time. But the process is not yet complete and everything can change quite quickly.

    Initially, all animals were born with one fold, but later breeders were able to achieve the formation of two, and after a while and three folds on the ears of cats. If at the age of 2 weeks in lop-eared kittens only one fold has formed, then there is a high probability that later the cartilage will get stronger and the ear will straighten. in such kittens the ears rise in 50% of cases, and they grow not in folds, but in straights.

    The presence of a double fold is a guaranteed sign by which you can distinguish a fold kitten from a normal one. In such a combination, the risk of colliding with inserted ears is reduced by half.

    The most reliable sign is the presence of a triple fold. With it, the ear will definitely remain pressed to the head. However, it will be possible to finally determine the fold of a kitten only at the age of 3-4 months.

    Important! Despite the fact that the Scots differ from other breeds in the unusual shape of the ears, some animal lovers prefer to have straight straights. They are afraid of possible health problems and believe that a cat with raised ears is more affectionate.

    Newborn Scots: how to distinguish a fold kitten from an ordinary one

    Fold Scots have an unusual appearance, but in early childhood they are very similar to British Shorthair cats. Newborn cats can be Scottish and Highlands, Straights and Folds. But it is impossible to immediately find out what shape the baby’s ears will be. We will find out by what signs and at what age it is possible to determine the presence of lop-earedness in a kitten.

    Foldness determination rules

    It is possible to determine whether a kitten is lop-eared or not, not only by the appearance of the little Scotsman, but also using some additional methods:

    How newborn kitten grew up from giving birth to first bath

    • Meet the parents of newborn Scottish Fold kittens. The father, as a rule, does not live with the offspring, but the cat must be with the babies up to 2.5 months. She may belong to the group of straights, but if all other breed characteristics are recognizable, then the litter should contain fold-eared kittens.
    • In order not to accidentally confuse a mestizo with a purebred animal, you need to inquire about the availability of documents. Even when the father is not with the kittens, breeders keep a photocopy of the papers confirming his breed. If you have elite parents, you can understand that a fold-eared kitten in a litter will definitely not be a half-breed.
    • If there is no confirmation of the breed of one of the parents, you should familiarize yourself with the mating documents. Felinological clubs always draw up an act according to the established model and register it. This will help you find out that the fold kitten was born legally.
    • By the time the kitten is sold, the breeder must prepare a metric.
    • If a small cat’s ears stand up immediately after birth, this is normal. Lop-earedness is determined later. Therefore, you cannot take a kitten from the cattery before he turns 3 months old.
    • In the early periods, even experienced experts cannot understand whether the kitten will fold or remain straight. An ordinary cat, especially a mestizo with a high proportion of Scottish blood, in the first weeks may look like a purebred. But the difference will surely show up by 3 months of age.

    The choice of a nursery or a breeder is of great importance. Perhaps, reputation can become a determining factor here. Owners know the capabilities of their pets better than others and predict in advance how many upright and lop-eared babies a particular cat will have in the litter. They can give the most valuable advice on the content and always try to select only responsible and conscientious owners for babies. Therefore, the final recommendation on how not to become a victim of scammers refers specifically to the behavior of breeders. They never give up very young kittens, they are always interested in the expected living conditions of their pets, willingly share advice, show photos of cats-parents and children from previous litters. In this case, the buyer can be sure that he is purchasing a purebred Fold Scotsman.

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