The diet for feeding rabbits at home must include green vegetation, fruit and vegetable peels. This food is rich in fiber, which has a beneficial effect on the animal’s digestive system and normalizes its intestinal functions.
Green food is used in feeding rabbits throughout the warm season. from spring to late autumn. Such food can be prepared independently, using meadow grasses, grain and legumes, as well as tops of various vegetables, and these types of greens must be combined and alternated, since, for example, an excess of legumes often causes flatulence in animals. Young grass should be chosen for mowing, it is better absorbed by the digestive system of rabbits.
Rabbit treats include clover, alfalfa, nettle, plantain, dandelion, sorrel, thistle, among cereals. oats, barley and corn. Vegetable tops of carrots, black radish, beets, rutabagas, Jerusalem artichoke, cabbage are a good component of green feed.
To avoid digestive disorders in the total mass of green fodder, the proportion of vegetable tops, leaves and peel should not exceed a third.
Features of feeding rabbits in winter
The question of what to feed rabbits at home in winter is more complex. During this period of time, nutrition needs to be really balanced. First of all, it is necessary to provide stocks of good quality hay, since it contains the substances necessary for the health of the animal.
Juicy feed in winter must be used wisely: those products that can be stored for a long time, for example, carrots, pumpkin, forage cabbage, are best used fresh, others are harvested in the form of silage or dried. In small quantities, rabbits happily eat sauerkraut. Branch food should also be prepared in advance, and the most useful in winter are branches of conifers, as well as their needles (needles).
The main part of the winter diet is concentrated feed.
It should also be remembered that when the temperature drops, the calorie content of the rabbits’ diet must be increased. It is good to give animals warm food (for example, porridge) during this time. Particular attention should be paid to the state of the feeders: in frost, food in them can freeze, which should not be allowed.
In summer, the main part of the rabbit’s food is green food. Only dry hay or straw should be added to them in small quantities to help the animal cope with the excess moisture contained in grass and fresh vegetables and can cause diarrhea and bloating.
When feeding rabbits with wet silage, dry additives are also necessary.
How to feed rabbits properly, make up a diet
The diet of rabbits differs greatly not only depending on the breed of the animal, its age and condition, but also on the season. Knowing the main differences between the summer diet and the winter diet, you can achieve significant resource savings and a more balanced feeding regime.
The main source of fiber, vital for the normal digestive process in a rabbit, is roughage: twigs, hay, straw and grass meal. They are also rich in vitamins, minerals and protein.
As part of roughage, the main component is hay, which is especially necessary for rabbits and lactating females. It is best to use hay from young herbs, dried in a place protected from direct sunlight, as well as straw from legumes and grain crops (oats, millet).
Branch feed additives should be harvested in mid-summer by tying and hanging in a well-ventilated area. In winter, it is better to store branches directly in the snow. Suitable for this are young shoots of fruit trees (plum, apple) and shrubs (raspberries), as well as willow and willow vines, branches of maple, acacia, aspen, linden, less often birch. Coniferous branches (juniper, pine, spruce) are very fragrant, rabbits chew them with pleasure.
Grass flour is made from over-dried hay or grass. It is used as an additive to soft food in a ratio of about 1: 4.
In autumn and winter, when the amount of fresh greens is limited, succulent feed is of great importance in the diet of rabbits. These include various vegetable crops, as well as silage. a kind of rabbit canned food. This type of food is easily digested and perfectly assimilated by animals, improves digestion processes, as well as lactation. The beneficial properties of juicy feeds are determined by the high m in them of vitamins, carbohydrates and water, their disadvantages should be attributed to the low level of protein, fiber and minerals.
The favorite vegetable among rabbit breeders is red (not a dining room!) And yellow carrots, in winter they are simply indispensable for replenishing the rabbit’s body with carotene, vitamins of group B and C.. reaching the adulthood of the animal four hundred grams per day, regardless of the season. Carrots are given fresh in summer, mixed with vegetable tops, in winter, if necessary, dried.
Forage types of cabbage provide rabbits with vitamin K, protein and minerals such as calcium, sulfur, phosphorus, iron. Cabbage is perfectly stored and does not need to be dried, however, it can be silage. It is very beneficial for the skin of rabbits, although overdose can cause digestive upset.
Beets in fresh, dried or ensiled form are also used as juicy feed, and sugar is absorbed by animals much better than feed. Like cabbage, it causes diarrhea in high doses, so it should be used with caution. An even more nutritious food for rabbits is rutabaga.
Sometimes rabbits are fed with potatoes, however, because they contain too much starch, they should be boiled and mixed with bran or combined feed.
Melons such as fodder watermelon (less sweet), vegetable marrow and pumpkin have proven themselves well as juicy feed for rabbits. They can be used raw or ensiled, in various mixtures. The pumpkin can also be boiled and mashed. Melons have a beneficial effect on the quality of the animal’s wool, as well as promote better absorption of other types of feed.
Rhubarb leaves and petioles are very beneficial for rabbits due to the malic, citric, oxalic and ascorbic acids they contain.
A special type of juicy forage is silage, which contains a large amount of vitamins and microelements. You can cook it yourself, which will significantly save feeding costs. For this, various fruits and vegetables, tops and even weeds are used.
All the mass collected for ensiling must be chopped, mixed and placed in prepared containers (wooden or metal barrels, buckets, plastic bags, etc.), well tamped until juice forms and sealed (for example, filling the mass with sawdust and covering the neck of the pot with clay). To speed up the silage process, up to a tenth of boiled potatoes or powdery paste is sometimes added to the container.
Before feeding the animals for the first time with silage, make sure that there is no smell of mold or rotting (proper silage smells like sauerkraut) and introduce it into the diet gradually, mixing with bran or other types of feed.
What to feed rabbits, types of feed
Being in natural conditions, rabbits independently provide themselves with a correct and healthy diet. However, the success of breeding animals in captivity requires a clear understanding of how to properly feed rabbits at home, keeping the balance of all the nutrients and vitamins necessary for the animal. For this, the rodent diet should consist of several types of feed, among which must be present: green, juicy, rough and concentrated feed.
Why the right diet is so important for rabbits
Regardless of what goal the breeder sets for himself, a proper diet for the animal is necessary: it directly affects both the appearance of the skin and the quality of meat, as well as the health, longevity and fertility of rabbits. These rodents have very weak stomach muscles, and their intestines are about ten times the length of the animal’s body. Therefore, both the stomach and intestines of the rabbit must be constantly filled with food and liquid.
The digestive system of rabbits, unlike other animals, works almost continuously, during the day the rodent takes food in small doses several dozen times. Therefore, the rabbit should always have supplies of clean water and hay in direct access.
The digestive tract of rabbits is a rather sensitive system, disturbances of which caused by infections, parasites, as well as improper feeding, have a direct effect on the animal’s immunity. So, the diet must necessarily contain both crushed (grass, leaves, tops) and large solid food (bark and tree branches), the absence of which can lead to various disorders, in particular, diarrhea. The food should contain enough fiber and protein. Starch is necessary in metered quantities. both its excess and deficiency negatively affect the work of the rabbit’s gastrointestinal tract. Grass provides the correct intestinal microflora. The chlorophyll contained in it, in addition, oxygenates the blood of the animal, strengthens cells, increases regenerative functions and strengthens the immune system.
What rabbits eat at home determines the speed with which food passes through their intestines, and therefore the general health, appearance, size, coat quality and lifespan of rodents.
Concentrated feeds for rabbits include cereals (oats, corn, barley, wheat, rye), legumes (peas, lentils, soybeans, beans), oil production waste, as well as animal feed and animal feed (meat and bone and fish meal).
This type of food is the richest in protein and other nutrients, therefore its share should be at least a third of the total diet of the rabbit, and sometimes, depending on the age and physiological state of the animal, as well as the nutritional value of other types of feed, even higher. An increase in concentrated feed in the diet leads to an increase in the growth of the animal and has a beneficial effect on lactation.
The most suitable grain for feeding rabbits is oats. It can be given whole or crushed without fear of overdose. It is a diet food that is very useful for intestinal motility and, moreover, does not lead to obesity.
Corn kernels are nutritious, although not rich in amino acids and protein, but they must first be soaked or minced. Also, rabbits are given corn porridge.
Wheat, barley (without shell), and rye are used as an additive to other feed, the grain must first be germinated and yeast to increase vitamins in it and increase digestibility. You can feed animals with such grain in order to avoid fermentation in the intestines for no more than four days in a row.
Food industry waste such as bran (mainly wheat), as well as meal and cake obtained from the processing of flax, soybeans, sunflower and hemp are used as concentrated feed.
Animal meal is added to wet feed in small portions to enrich the rabbit’s diet with calcium and phosphorus. In addition, from animal food, rabbits eat silkworm pupa, as well as milk and whey in very limited quantities.
Compound feed is necessary for rabbits as a condition for a balanced diet, since it includes all the nutrients necessary for rodents, mineral supplements and vitamins.
Pelleted foods specially formulated for rabbits can be used as the main ration without the addition of other concentrates. However, for females during pregnancy and lactation, an additional at least 40% of grain is required.
Feeding rabbits in winter
Feeding rabbits in winter is aimed at increasing nutritional value, while increasing the amount of roughage and concentrates eaten. During the winter cold, they need energy.
It is also necessary to adhere to such intricacies of winter feeding of rodents:
- Providing rabbits with constant access to food (especially at night and in the morning). A hopper feeder can help with this, which will prevent feed overruns.
- Drinkers should have clean water, as this is important for young animals and females. In winter, the water can be heated.
- Feed your rabbits a diet containing fiber, which will have a beneficial effect on the function of the digestive tract.
- When feeding several feeds at the same time, concentrates are given first and juicy ones second. The winter feeding of the rabbits is completed by the distribution of hay.
Figure 8. Diet for rabbits in winter
Figure 8 shows an example of a winter diet for rabbits. It is not recommended to give feed containing carbohydrates. cookies, sugar and other delicacies. Eating this type of feed can cause obesity.
Since the distribution of feed and drinking water involves the use of special equipment, we recommend that you look through the manufacture of a do-it-yourself drinker for rabbits.
Vitamins and minerals
In winter and early spring, rabbits are deficient in vitamins. During this period, it is necessary to immediately introduce various vitamin supplements into the diet. Among this kind of additives, one can distinguish fortified fish oil, which is introduced into the diet in different doses, depending on the age of the animals. For example, 0.5 grams per head per day will be enough for young animals, 1 g of fish oil is given to adult animals, and 2 and 3 grams per day for sucrol and lactating females, respectively.
In winter, rabbits are deficient in vitamin E. Vitamin E can be obtained from good vitamin-dried shade, young greens or sprouted grains. Young greens at home are grown hydroponically (greens are grown from grain in solutions and without soil). These kind of greens are fed to rabbits with roots.
Lack of phosphorus and calcium in feed can be corrected by introducing mineral supplements (bone meal, bone ash, chalk) into the diet. It is also necessary to give table salt to animals of all groups.
Concentrated feeds are considered to be grains of legumes and cereals, processed products of oilseeds and cereals (bran, cake, meal, compound feed, animal feed).
It is recommended to give concentrated feed in large volume during periods of active growth, fertility and lactation. Experienced rabbit breeders declare that in order to obtain great results, it is necessary to include up to 40% concentrates in the diet of rabbits (Figure 7).
- Oats are the best grain feed and can be fed in any form (rolled, crushed, whole). Dietary properties of oats have a beneficial effect on the digestion of animals.
- Corn is more nutritious than oats. Corn can be served in different forms (detailed, soaked or porridge), but as a boiled porridge it is given to rabbits during their fattening. However, corn grains do not contain enough digestible protein and for this reason it is recommended to mix it with other feeds rich in protein and amino acids (lysine, tryptophan).
- Wheat bran is used for fattening, but it is desirable to give them in small quantities in the absence of other concentrates.
Figure 7. Concentrated feed
Animal feed is very valuable for rabbits. The best animal feeds are meat and bone meal and fish meal. These feeds are fed to animals at 5-10 grams per head, mixing with any of the soft feeds. They can also be a good mineral supplement as they are high in phosphorus and calcium.
What to feed rabbits: at home
Rabbits eat plant foods. They have a relatively large single-chamber stomach. Therefore, they need adequate feeding according to generally accepted norms. However, before compiling a diet, you should familiarize yourself with some of the physiological characteristics of animals.
This article describes the main features of feeding rabbits: a description of food, examples of diets and food that should never be given to animals.
Diet structure and feeding rates
The daily diet of rabbits should include nutrients that can meet the needs of the animals. The greatest need for nutritious food is experienced by lactating rabbits and reared young animals, and the least such food is needed by rabbits during physiological rest (Figure 9).
You can feed rabbits with grass and hay in unlimited quantities, which will not harm the health of animals. However, the amount of other feeds in the diet should be in line with current scientific feeding standards. It is not recommended to allow a lack or excess of nutrients.
During the preparation of the diet for groups of rabbits of different ages and physiological conditions, the animal’s need for nutrients is established according to accepted standards. Then there is a selection of feed according to the content of nutrients.
For feeding from roughage, hay, hay and grass meal, twig feed and some types of straw are used. Roughage is source of fiber that must be present in the diet. Also, roughage contains a lot of protein (excluding straw), minerals and vitamins.
Characteristics of roughage for rabbits include (Figure 5):
- Harvested hay from leguminous grasses and leafy legumes (cut before or during flowering), dried in the shade, will contain a lot of carotene. It is also considered very good meadow or steppe hay made from forbs, which was mown at the beginning of flowering. Harvesting hay in rainy weather is carried out in small portions, while it must be dried on wire racks with a large mesh or on wooden grates. It is not recommended to use grass hay that was cut after flowering or dried in direct sunlight, as it will be very harsh for rabbits and their digestive tract will not digest such food well. Harvested hay should be green with a pleasant aroma and should be stored on a wooden deck (arranged at a height of half a meter from the ground).
- Straw is considered a less nutritious roughage. Straw is high in fiber and low in protein and other nutrients. Rabbits eat straw poorly, and it is not absorbed so quickly. Straw is fed mainly to adults during periods of their physiological dormancy, as well as in the absence of other feed. The following types of straw are suitable for feeding: millet, oat, pea, and lentil. Any other straw can only be used as bedding.
- The branches can also be used as roughage. It is best to start harvesting twig food for the winter in June-July, when leafy twigs contain the largest amount of nutrients. Rabbits very willingly eat branches of willow, aspen, mountain ash, willow, acacia, linden and maple. It is not recommended to feed the animals with branches of wolf berries, elderberry, broom and wild rosemary, as they contain toxic substances. In the event of digestive disorders, branches of alder and oak can be given, since they contain tannins (fixing effect). You can also add birch branches to the diet, but in limited quantities, since feeding them in large quantities can cause kidney inflammation in animals. In winter, the rodents can be vitamin-supplemented with pine, juniper and spruce branches.
Figure 5. Feeding roughage
Feeding rabbits at home for beginners means preparing and preparing feed for feeding. There is a different preparation method for each type of feed.
Examples of prepared feeds are shown in Figure 3:
- The green grass is preliminarily grafted, spreading it out in the sun for a short time. Without such preparation, only freshly cut grass can be dispensed. However, in no case should rabbits be fed with wet or warm grass, as this can cause bloating.
- High-quality hay without a musty smell is given without preliminary preparation. If the hay is caked, it is crushed into flour, poured with warm water and after a while the liquid is drained, mixing wet hay flour with mixed feed or bran.
- Root crops are fed raw, having previously cleared from the ground and cut into small pieces. Root vegetables should not be frozen. Only feeding frozen carrots is allowed, but only after preliminary defrosting. Boil potatoes and mix with oilcake, meal or compound feed.
- Kale and tops are mixed with hay, grass or twigs with astringent properties. Beet or carrot tops should not be fed in large quantities, as this type of feed can cause indigestion.
- Silo must be checked for quality before dispensing: it must not be moldy under any circumstances. In addition, it is better to feed silage with compound feed.
- Grain crops need to be crushed. The only exceptions are legumes and corn: they can be fed whole. Since legumes can cause bloating, they are first mixed with other grains, gradually increasing their proportion. In addition, legumes must be pre-soaked.
- Meal, cake and mineral additives are often mixed with mixed feed or boiled potatoes.
- Bran should be moistened before dispensing and it is better to dispense also with boiled potatoes.
Figure 3. Prepared feed: 1. Cereals, 2. Silage, 3. Grafted grass
Without exception, all feed should be poured into the feeders, and not laid out on the floor, since in the latter case, a large amount of feed is simply trampled or contaminated, which can cause digestive upset. In addition, to prevent feed spoilage, the feeders and drinkers are thoroughly washed before each feeding. Drinkers should always have clean, fresh water. It is often enough to wash the drinkers and change the water in them twice a day. Water should be cool in summer and slightly warmed in winter. You will learn more about the preparation and preparation of rabbit feed at home from.
Feeding modes in winter
During the day, rabbits come to the feeders more than 30 times and it is very important to observe the feeding regime of the rabbits. With the constant distribution of feed at a certain time every day, the animals with the approach of the next feeding begin to produce gastric juice. The production of gastric juice affects the growth of animals and the digestibility of feed.
Figure 9. Rates of feeding rabbits by age and season
A lactating rabbit and young animals up to 2.5 years of age are fed 4 times a day, animals after jigging from their mother and adult rabbits. 3 times. Winter feeding of rabbits should include not only standard feed, but also vitamin and mineral supplements necessary to maintain productivity and increase body weight.
For rabbits, as well as for other domestic animals, special feeding norms have been developed, which allow obtaining high-quality skin and meat. The diet of rabbits should be balanced in proteins, carotene, table salt and minerals (calcium, phosphorus).
The rates also differ depending on the direction of productivity. For example, if animals are raised for meat, more protein is added to their diet. This allows you to quickly reach the weight required for slaughter. In this case, the young are fed only up to three months, after which they are sent for slaughter.
However, in most cases, both in farms and in private households, they are grown to obtain skins, and this does not require such a large amount of protein feed. When reared on skin, animals are slaughtered not upon reaching a certain weight, but after the completion of molting.
The diet of rabbits is often half concentrates, supplemented with hay, root crops, tubers, silage (in winter) or green mass (in summer). It is believed that they can be given plenty of grain and legumes, but from the point of view of economy, this is impractical and does not affect the quality of the skins and the productivity of animals.
One of the most popular feeds is considered to be pelleted feed, which contains all the necessary nutrients and vitamins (Figure 2).
What do decorative rabbits eat, what can be fed at home
Like all pets, rabbits require proper maintenance, which includes a healthy diet. Rabbits are vegetarians, but even plant-based foods can be a threat to gastrointestinal function and health.
What to feed domestic rabbits: dry factory or natural food?
Modern ready-to-eat foods are easy to transport and use, but nothing replaces fresh green food.
Despite the fact that the granules will certainly include all vitamins, this diet has disadvantages:
- Unnatural structure of dietary fiber, due to which food is poorly absorbed, swells, clogs the stomach.
- The presence of flavor enhancers, flavors, preservatives (to extend the shelf life), dyes.
- Increased sugars, fats, starches, leading to fatty liver and death.
- Excess salts and minerals are not excreted in the urine, but are deposited and crystallized in the urinary organs.
- Granules do not grind your pet’s teeth.
- Constant consumption of food leads to addiction and weight gain due to overeating.
Natural food can cause flatulence, diarrhea, or mild poisoning, but with proper menu adjustment, these problems can be easily avoided. Hay and grass are considered indispensable in the diet, so it is better to feed herbivores from birth with greens.
If you have to transfer your pet to industrial products, then you need to select a brand according to its composition: fats up to 2%, proteins 13-15%, plant fibers 20-25%. High-quality feed is dense in structure, does not disintegrate in the hands.
Green foods for rabbits are good in moderation
This is a subtype of succulent food, the abundance of which on the menu is possible only during the warm seasons, while fresh grass is available. Rabbits need it due to their high protein and vitamin content.
Without green products, the efficiency of the reproductive organs decreases, the amount of milk in a nursing mother decreases, the growth of fetuses and newborn rabbits slows down. After winter, it is recommended to introduce fresh complementary foods gradually.
Rabbits love garden greens: mint, celery, parsley, dill, lettuce, basil. These herbs contain essential calcium, treat diseases.
Rabbits love garden herbs: mint, celery, parsley, dill, lettuce, basil
Also included in the diet:
- Green oats and other unripe cereals;
- Corn (cobs and leaves);
- Green peas, beans, vetch;
- Leaves and unripe sunflower seeds;
- Tops of radish, carrots, turnips, beets;
- Herbs (wormwood, nettle, tansy, dandelion);
It is forbidden to collect greens in places where dogs are walking, on roadsides, near roads, in busy crowded places of the city. It is better to mow the grass, not tear it, so all the juices remain in the stems. Wet plants deteriorate faster after rain.
The daily diet of decorative rabbits
These pets are picky, eating the same pattern for months. Therefore, you can develop a single menu, follow it, change it in case of atypical reactions (allergies, disorders).
The feeder is replenished every day:
- Hay, branches;
- Carrots, beets and other healthy vegetables;
- Clean unboiled water (bottled);
- Fresh and dry grass;
- Dried flowers, buds.
How to feed a decorative rabbit in winter
Experienced owners harvest hay and branches on their own for the winter, but in urban areas it is not so easy to mow and save tens of kilograms of dry grass.
In winter, they give the pet raw and boiled vegetables. Potatoes, beets and carrots will do. Rabbits love dried apples and pears, banana slices. Branches of coniferous trees (juniper, spruce) will be useful in winter.
Diet of a decorative rabbit: how many times to feed a day, how much to give
Depending on the age of the rabbit, a daily diet is developed.
For rabbits, a menu is selected according to the daily norms of substances: hay and straw (60 g), branches (100 g), carrots (150 g), beets (80 g), herbs (250 g), compound feed (50 g). The babies are taken away from the mother after 3 days, gradually treating them with new products.
Adults are fed differently. At certain periods of life, a different amount of food will be needed; pregnant and nursing females (450-700 g) require more than others. At rest, the rabbit eats 150-250 g. Food is added at the same time if the last portion is eaten.
|Feed type||How often do they give||Quantity per day (g)|
|Industrial||2 times a day||30-60|
|Green||2 times a day||150-300|
|Juicy||2 times a day||240-500|
|Hay, straw, branches||Refills as it is eaten||Unlimited|
|Berries and fruits, goodies||Two times per week||25|
Juicy natural feed
Fruits, vegetables and greens are classified as succulent food, that is, containing an abundance of water. Pets need them all year round, especially females during pregnancy or lactation.
They select products for such feeding more carefully, some fruits cause severe upset or constipation, and only in certain individuals. Therefore, it is important to monitor the rabbit’s reaction to the new component of the menu.
The following are considered standard in the diet:
- Carrots are a favorite delicacy containing essential oils, vitamin C. They are cleaned of the earth, sometimes cut.
- Boiled or raw pumpkin improves the quality of the wool and increases the weight of the animal.
- Beets improve blood circulation.
- White cabbage is fed in small amounts as it causes bloating.
- Zucchini restores water balance, it is recommended for use in the warm season.
- Potatoes are mixed in boiled form to gain mass.
- Apples and pears are given in small quantities, in the winter as dried chips.
Fruits and berries
In addition to apples and pears, rosehips and strawberries are allowed to eat (they treat diseases of the genitourinary system); currants and sea buckthorn (strengthens the immune system); raspberries (useful for pregnant rabbits); kiwi, figs, cranberries (provided there are no intestinal parasites and infections); blackberries, grapes. It is allowed to treat your pet with a banana, prunes, apricots, quince and peaches.
Feeding rules and diet at home
The pet rabbit may seem to be constantly hungry. In fact, vegetables are digested quickly due to their low protein content. Therefore, starvation for eared pets is equivalent to death. An adult pet needs to eat 40-50 times a day in small portions.
Due to weak peristalsis (contraction of intestinal muscles), the colon becomes clogged, there is not enough saliva for digestion.
Feed is divided into juicy, coarse, green, combined. For the correct development of the rabbit, the menu should include all types. It is recommended to introduce vitamin baits and hard treats for grinding teeth.
In order to properly organize the diet, you should be equal to the nutrition of wild animals. In nature, they get their food on their own, choosing crops full of fiber.
How often and how much to feed
In order for the life of a mollusk in an aquarium to be comfortable, certain rules must be followed. One of the important aspects is the volume of the reservoir in which they live. To increase the likelihood of growing a large snail, it takes about 12-15 liters per individual.
Another important rule is nutrition. It will be about how to feed snails at home.
Food should be given in the evening, as domestic snails are nocturnal animals. It is recommended to feed the shellfish once a day. The amount of food depends on the number of individuals. You should not worry about overeating snails, as they always know their measure. The tastes of each individual are different. You can notice this by observing the process of the meal. Almost every snail eats one type of food.
Care must be taken when feeding baby snails. Their diet is markedly different from that of adult shellfish. Kids eat mainly greens and shabby carrots. Over time, you can move on to apple slices.
The nutrition of newborns is fundamentally different from that of adult snails. In the first days of their existence, they feed on the remains of the shell. This is their staple food. From the moment of birth, babies need calcium, so they need to be fed with a mineral mixture. In addition to their shells, newborns will not refuse from a finely grated leaf of lettuce or a fresh apple.
It is necessary to feed small snails only with thoroughly mashed vegetables and fruits. From the moment of birth, babies eat a lot. In the first days of life, individuals burrow into the ground. They move little, so food must be placed closer to their place of deployment. They use cabbage, salad, cucumber for food. From fruits, you can give an apple, melon, pear, watermelon.
What do snails eat in the aquarium and what is forbidden to feed them? What snails eat at home
When breeding snails, the main factor for their lifespan is the condition of their keeping and what can be fed to snails.
While in the aquarium, the mollusk feeds mainly on organic deposits that form on its walls. Individuals in the tanks do not need to be fed especially, since they eat all the plants and algae that are there. It is worth being careful, as a large population can destroy all representatives of the underwater flora in a short time. Based on this, you should not populate a large number of shellfish into the tank.
In their diet, they are picky, so their diet includes plants and fruits. It is useful to feed the snail at home with vegetables and herbs. The list of foods suitable for food is quite wide:
- Lettuce leaves;
- Horse sorrel;
As a feed, adults can be given cabbage leaves. Cucumber slices are also a great option. Rotten greens can be considered one of the favorite snail dishes. They have no particular preference for food, so even lettuce leaves stuck in the refrigerator will be suitable as food for shellfish. Another food source is gammarus. fish food.
In addition to vegetables, fruits are used as food for shellfish. You can give almost any kind of fruits and berries. It is not recommended to feed the snails in too large portions, as the cut pieces settle in the ground, rot and subsequently pollute the water. For food, a list of the following fruits is suitable:
For the normal functioning of the body, molluscs need calcium. It can be mixed with individuals in vegetables, fruits and herbs. With a lack of calcium, the shell of the mollusk may begin to exfoliate or crack. She will begin to hurt and growth in size will decrease significantly. Calcium is especially necessary for individuals under the age of one year. Later, this need is slightly reduced.
When feeding, it is recommended to use sickle. a mineral stone saturated with vitamins. Calcium gluconate can be given as an additive. A budget option is an eggshell, ground into powder.
Forest snails and land snails
Plants predominate in the diet of these species. Only fresh food is eaten. They love fruits and vegetables.
At home, snails eat protein foods in the aquarium. It can be either gammarus or self-cooked seafood puree. It is necessary to feed individuals as they eat food. As food, land snails eat corn, cucumbers, eggplants, cabbage. From fruits, preference is given to grapes, watermelon, strawberries, mango.
To maintain the normal functioning of terrestrial individuals, it is necessary to feed foods containing large amounts of calcium. You can give cottage cheese several times a week. It is recommended to mix the mineral supplement into food. An eggshell is suitable for this.
This species is herbivorous. The large number of teeth allows the individual to easily cope with the leaves of plants and their stems. Fresh fruits and greens are often eaten. Unlike other species, they rarely eat rotten food.
At home, individuals can be given vegetables, fruits, and some types of cereals. Their digestive tract is long, which is why shellfish are often eaten. It is not recommended to give large portions at a time and try to feed the snail quickly. It is necessary to thinly chop the herbs or fruits and put them in a separate container. It is better to remove rotten residues immediately, since they are not eaten and quickly contaminate the soil.
Suitable for food are apples, dandelion leaves, horseradish, cabbage, radishes. As a top dressing, use a soaked loaf in small quantities.
What snails eat in nature
Snails are a type of molluscs. They are considered herbivores. The exception is some of their species, which feed on small insects or their deceased remains.
The main food for molluscs is grass, leaves, fruits and vegetables, tree bark. Young snails feed on fresh food, and mature snails. on rotten ones. Rotten wood plays a special place in their diet, as it is a kind of delicacy.
By their nature, snails do not pose any danger to humans. With an increase in their number, they can quickly destroy plants and some fruits. This is due to the fact that mollusks have a large number of teeth. In some individuals, their number reaches 8-10 thousand. They are located on the tongue of the snail. Young individuals have sharper teeth.
To maintain healthy teeth, molluscs need calcium. With a lack of it, it grinds off its shell and subsequently dies, since the body remains without a protective covering. No snail bites.
This species is the most common among molluscs. In nature, they live in groups of several individuals. They are nocturnal. Food is obtained by touch, as they have poor eyesight.
It is required to maintain a certain level of moisture in the tank. It is 70–90 percent. To do this, it is enough to spray the container with boiled water several times a day using a spray bottle. Adults need to set up a small pool where the clams love to swim. At a low level of humidity, an individual can hibernate, from which it can be difficult to get it out.
Aquarium snails feed on vegetation, fruits and vegetables. Food must be given in a special container with low sides. It is better not to put food on the ground, as it quickly deteriorates. The diet may contain fish food or dry rolled oats. The common snail loves to eat banana and apples. You can add more of them to the diet. It is worth being careful, as excessive feeding with these products can provoke the whims of individuals, and they will refuse other food.
Achatina is the largest representative of gastropods. Unlike its congeners, it possesses intelligence and intelligence. They can distinguish their owner from other people. Has conditioned reflexes.
You can feed snails in the aquarium with cabbage, potatoes, fresh lettuce. It is recommended to experiment with food, as some individuals have different preferences for it. It is also needed for a quick transition to another feed that is available. Large individuals should not be overfeeded with their favorite delicacy, as after a while they may refuse other types of food.
Be careful with soft fruits as they can kill the shellfish. There were cases when an individual completely buried himself in a piece of banana, blocking his oxygen access. It is recommended to give soft products in a separate container, as they spread over the soil, which leads to its contamination.
For small individuals of Achatina, it is better to give finely chopped greens. The basis of the feed base in the early period of life is made up of greens, shabby carrots.