During their life, these animals grow a shell, beak and claws. Care for the claws of a turtle.
When the beak and claws grow to such a size that it becomes difficult for the animal to move and eat, remove them. For this procedure, use special nippers.
Such actions do not apply to aquatic species of turtles.
Clean the bottom and walls of the terrarium of animal waste every day. Wash feeding and drinking utensils as they become dirty.
The aquatic turtle aquarium also needs a general cleaning twice a month.
In most species, females are larger than individuals of the opposite sex. Cloaca is closer to the tail and has a star-shaped shape.
In males, the tail is longer, the genital organ is located in it. Their claws are stronger, thicker, more curved; curved plastron, it helps with mating.
Red-eared turtles reach maturity after one year because they grow faster than other species. It is possible to accurately determine the sex in males at the age of 2-4 years, in females. 3-5 years. Then the size exceeds 10 cm. about the field of red-eared turtles in a separate article.
In the Central Asian, sex becomes apparent when the age of the reptile reaches 6–10 years. You can distinguish a female from a male by the number of horny tubercles on the inner side of the thigh. The female has 3-5, the male has one.
The average life of these animals in the natural environment is 20-30 years. In conditions of keeping at home, subject to the rules of care, pets will live up to 40-50 years.
In captivity, these reptiles grow faster, as they receive high-quality nutrition and a comfortable life.
When determining age, they are guided by the size, and also count the number of rings on the shell. In one year, 2-3 rings are formed. But this growth is not uniform, it is influenced by conditions of detention, illness, hibernation.
In old individuals, the shell is smooth, the growth rings are pale. The younger the turtle, the brighter its color.
Inappropriate and disease are the main causes of death.
In another article, we took a closer look at how long turtles live.
Treatment of babies
Immunity in small turtles is not strong, they are susceptible to disease, sensitive to conditions of detention, among them there is a high mortality rate. Observe the nutrition of newborns, adapt the habitat for them.
For some time after birth, babies do not eat the food offered. They receive nutrition from the yolk sac on a plastron. Do not touch or delete it! When this bag dissolves, the little turtle begins to feed as usual. The diet must contain food with a high m of calcium.
Kids are very gentle, shy, easily get stressed. Protect them from unnecessary worries, surround them with care. Do not pick up unnecessarily, do not stand over the aquarium, do not knock, do not make loud noise.
It is important to provide the calves with a constant temperature: 26-27 degrees for water and 32 degrees for air (land). Keep the water clean, filter it, change every two days.
Children of the red-eared turtle do not tolerate drafts, direct sunlight. Provide them with access to a place on land that is heated by a special lamp. Children of turtles are kept at a warmer temperature than adults.
Babies are bathed two or three times a week. Washing procedure for children, as well as for adults.
In addition to a terrarium or aquarium with additional equipment, a heating lamp, include in the cost of good quality food, for examination or treatment by a veterinarian.
In nature, hibernation is a reaction to adverse environmental conditions, cold and heat. Such sleep for animals helps to survive these periods.
At home, where they are comfortable, there is no need to hibernate. Don’t induce hibernation!
Use hay as substrate in terrariums. it is easy to change. Do not put sand on the bottom, as animals will swallow it. A two-layer coating is laid: at the bottom. sand, at the top. large pebbles. The turtle sharpens its claws on her.
Do not put newspapers, expanded clay, sharp stones, cat litter in the terrarium.
Aquatic turtles do not need soil. For aesthetics, place large stones underneath the aquarium. Gravel or other coating will not work, the animal will swallow it.
Clean water, maintained temperature level. the most important in keeping aquatic species.
In the water, the red-eared turtle swims, sleeps, eats, and goes to the toilet. Change the water a couple of times a week to prevent the accumulation of ammonia, nitrates and an unpleasant odor. In parallel with this, carry out filtration.
Let the water stand before replacing so that the chlorine disappears and the temperature returns to room temperature. The comfortable water temperature for them is 22-28 degrees, cooling the temperature below 20 degrees is unacceptable.
For aquarium turtles, the water level exceeds the width of its shell, so that they swim, turn over, without touching the bottom.
Outside an aquarium with water, a red-eared turtle will live only a couple of days.
What turtles eat in nature?
In the aquatic species of reptiles, the main interest is shown in protein foods, while land turtles are extremely partial to vegetable delicacies. But this does not mean at all that these two species do not want to diversify their diet with something special. In natural conditions, they eat whatever they like, but at home they do not eat what the turtle eats in the wild.
For example, an aquatic reptile is used to foraging underwater in the form of tadpoles, small fish, or insects. Some species, like the snapping turtle, can easily feed on a frog or even a duck.
Individuals of the Kistudo family, or in another way the marsh turtle, is a kind of intermediate version of a land and aquatic reptile. She gets food for herself on land, hunting not for other animals and insects, but for juicy berries or other plant food.
Terrestrial species inhabiting Central Asia and the Mediterranean spend the whole day in their burrow and go out in search of something to eat only after sunset. Their favorite food is fruits and various nutritious plants. It is this species that is most popular among lovers of these leisurely pets.
Diet of aquatic (red-eared) turtles
What do red-eared turtles eat in the water? It is this breed of reptiles that is recommended to be purchased as a pet. Any marine animals have their own nutritional characteristics at different ages. If you have a young pet, then at first he will have to give more protein foods than plant foods.
After the two-year milestone, the turtle can begin to feed on plant foods, but protein cannot be completely excluded from the diet.
What the turtle eats early in its life is very important to its growing body. Therefore, it does not hurt to add earthworms, tubifex or bloodworms to the finished feed or concentrate, and an already matured individual can be given fish, chicken and beef.
There is one point to which all lovers and owners of aquatic animals need to pay attention. Never give your pets fatty protein foods such as capelin, mackerel or sprat. To replenish calcium reserves, it is better to give simple shrimp and tubifex, that is, what river turtles eat in the wild, or, alternatively, add beef liver or heart to the diet.
Various plants should also be included in the diet. If your pet feels a lack of plant food, then he will simply exterminate algae in the aquarium.
In order to avoid such excesses, water turtles should actively eat the following plant foods:
- lettuce leaves;
What do land turtles eat??
Here’s a combined and organized list of favorite treats for pet turtles:
- main diet: apples, cucumbers, lettuce, carrots, tomatoes, eggplants;
- any plants that are not poisonous to the turtle;
- dandelion is one of the favorite delicacies of land reptiles;
- barley, sorrel, oats, plantain and simple lawn grass;
- vegetables: green onions, legumes, radishes;
- fruits: banana, plum, peach, melon;
- berries: strawberries, watermelon, raspberries and blackberries;
- dry seaweed, mushrooms, young sunflower seeds and bran.
Products from the main diet can be given to the pet at least every day, and the rest of the list can be pampered no more than one or two times a week. If you want to diversify the turtle’s diet with dry food, then you should also not abuse it and overfeed your pet.
Diet of land turtles
What do domestic land-type turtles eat? Their main diet is fruits, vegetables and other plant foods. The main thing that the pet owner should take care of is that the whole complex of products is as balanced as possible, and in no case should you leave your turtle without fresh leaves and vegetables for a long time.
But it is impossible for the sake of usefulness to introduce the same products into the diet, here you need a competent combination and a nutritional system.
What does a turtle eat in nature and at home??
The turtle can be attributed to one of the most ancient species of reptiles. Most of these reptiles do great at home. Even a preschool child can take care of them, so there are no problems with nutrition, especially since they are almost omnivorous. But due to the specifics of the habitat, there may be some amendments to the diet.
Sometimes it happens that one type of turtles assimilates some food worse than another, therefore, in order to answer the question of what turtles eat at home, you first need to figure out which species it belongs to. These reptiles have quite a few distinctive features, but conditionally they can be divided into only two types. land and water. Depending on the type, the specificity of the diet also changes.
What does a turtle eat in winter? Actually, nothing, because with the onset of cold weather, food becomes less and less, therefore, as a clear representative of reptiles, the turtle simply goes into a long hibernation.
The duration of hibernation itself directly depends on the surrounding climate, and in the wild it begins in October and ends around March. Terrestrial species wait out the winter in burrows, while their aquatic species hide at the bottom of a pond or river.
Recommendations for all types of turtles
There are foods that are prohibited for all individuals, regardless of the type of reptile. In no case should you give your pet a loaf, porridge, citrus peels, grains or dairy products, the only exception may be cottage cheese.
Be careful when giving your turtle fruits and berries! Be sure to check what your turtle eats for bones. Foods that your pet should be moderately limited in are cabbage, cucumbers, onions, garlic, spices, and sweet fruits. Bone meal can be included in the diet to replenish calcium and other minerals.
Alternatively, crushed eggshells can be used for calcium saturation. The method for calculating the optimal portion is quite simple: for each kilogram of the pet, include 100 mg of shells.
Physiological features of turtles
All turtles are divided into 2 types:
At home, you can keep both varieties and their nutrition will be different. So, waterfowl are more often predators, while land birds are vegetarians. Omnivores include marsh and semi-aquatic reptiles. But everyone’s food should be as diverse as possible, so the pet will receive the entire set of nutrients, vitamins and trace elements.
Monotonous food will lead to poor health of the pet.
Teeth in both species of turtles (terrestrial and waterfowl) are missing. They grind food with ramfootheques. These are special horny sheaths located on the upper and lower jaw. Other individuals help themselves with their paws while eating.
This type of turtle is gaining increasing popularity among amphibian lovers. Its main feature is its soft green carapace. The horn plates are completely absent, it is simply covered with leather.
This turtle has a very aggressive character, often bites the owner and, despite the absence of teeth, causes pain, due to the presence of developed muscles on the jaws.
They are waterfowl, listed in the Red Book.
When keeping at home, it is important to organize the turtle in conditions close to natural: a sufficiently large amount of soil is poured onto the bottom of the aquarium, since Trionix likes to bury itself in the sand. He also needs a stone on which he will bask on land.
In the diet, he prefers food of animal origin: low-fat varieties of fish with small bones (hake, pollock, cod, gobies), chicken and beef liver, heart. They give in minimal volumes fish fry, small frogs. Some greens or a slice of tomato won’t hurt either.
How to feed aquatic turtles
This species in its natural habitat is a predator, and this should be taken into account when keeping a house. The main types of food that give pets are listed below.
Young turtles are cut into small pieces along with bones, adults are given larger pieces. If there are large bones, they are chopped or ground. The fish can be fresh or thawed. They give low-fat species: perch, cod, hake, pollock. Occasionally, fish with a high m of fat are allowed, for example, capelin, sprat. They feed her in a minimum amount and pre-soak in warm water.
Before feeding, the fish is not gutted, but given along with the entrails. A special treat for turtles is caviar.
This turtle is one of the most popular. Its name is due to the presence of a red spot on the head in the ear area just below the eyes. This is an aquatic species that requires keeping in an aquarium or aquaterrarium. It is worth organizing for a red-eared reptile an island of land, on which it can climb, for example, an artificial stone.
In nutrition, this species prefers small fish with bones, fish fry, shrimp, chicken breast, insect larvae, gammarus, hard-boiled egg yolk, etc. But he will not give up on plant foods. For example, from a slice of cucumber, apple or lettuce. over, young individuals prefer animal food, and older ones prefer plant food.
Turtle Diet Chart | How much to Feed Turtle| Turtle Portion Size | Turtle Healthy Food | Indian Tips
With proper care and nutrition, turtles will feel good and delight their owners for many years. If the turtle does not eat and is sluggish, most likely the rules for its maintenance have been violated, read about what to do in this case here.
Rules for feeding domestic turtles
They feed the pets at about the same time, so they get used to it and wait for food. It is important to give enough food, but not overfeed. Young individuals (up to 2 years old) eat daily, and older ones. once every 2 days.
At the same time, food should not be given out of hand, it must be put in the feeder for land and in the water for amphibious reptiles. Otherwise, the pets will get used to it and will not eat from the bowl.
Leftover food is removed from the terrarium or aquarium. Otherwise, they may deteriorate, and eating them will lead to poisoning of the turtles.
In autumn and winter, the amount of food is slightly reduced, since the activity of reptiles decreases, but at the same time vitamin complexes and additional feeding are added. Which is better to give and their number will be advised by the veterinarian.
What do turtles eat at home?
The diet of domesticated turtles depends directly on the type of their food; they are carnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous. Each species has its own characteristics when feeding, and food preferences in some amphibians can change with age.
Forbidden foods for turtles
There are many foods that are strictly forbidden to turtles. These include:
- plants (poisonous) related to nightshade, buttercups, as well as medicinal containing alkaloids;
- peel of all citrus fruits;
- seeds of berries and fruits;
- radish and radish;
- dry and wet factory feed for other pets;
- loaf, fermented milk products;
- all food that has undergone heat treatment (with the exception of boiled egg yolk and chicken breast);
- indoor and ornamental plants: dieffenbachia, rhododendron, violet, jasmine, crocuses, daffodils, etc.
Feeding omnivorous turtles
The main menu of omnivorous reptiles includes food of plant and animal origin in equal proportions.
It is important to select the menu depending on the reptile subspecies. For example, terrestrial food is suitable, consisting of terrestrial inhabitants (forage mice, rats, frogs, insects, snails, slugs), and aquatic. fish menu, seafood.
The situation is the same with food of plant origin. Terrestrial breeds should feed on terrestrial plants, vegetables, some fruits, while aquatic plants are more suitable for algae and other aquatic plants.
Feeding principles for aquatic turtles
- River, sea low-fat fish (pollock, hake, cod, navaga, perch);
- Liver (beef, chicken, fish). about once a week.
For adult animals, large fish need to be cut into pieces, the ridge should be crushed, chopped, small fish should be fed whole. For young individuals, the fish must be cut into small pieces along with the bones, after removing the ribs.
Addition to the main menu:
- Various raw seafood (shrimp with shells, squid, octopus. only tentacles, mussels, oysters);
- Meat (crabs, frogs, forage hairless mice, rats);
- Snails (helix aspera terrestrial, large pond snails, ampullaria, coils). feed small ones whole, large ones. without shell;
- Some insects, other living microorganisms (bugs, forage cockroaches, earthworms and mealworms, hairless caterpillars, daphnia, filly, bloodworms, gammarus, tubifex, woodlice);
- Some plant components (aquatic plants, fruits, vegetables, some types of cabbage);
- Special industrial feed for certain types of freshwater turtles (loose, granulated, tablets, sticks, flakes, capsules).
Vegetable ingredients should not prevail over meat foods. For aquatic reptiles, plants are only one of the sources of vitamins, useful microelements. During cold seasons, it is recommended to introduce specialized vitamin complexes for aquatic and sea turtles.
[attention type = yellow] Under no circumstances should predator turtles be fed beef, pork, lamb, their derivatives. sausage, minced meat, pâté and others. In addition to these prohibitions, you cannot feed reptiles with cheeses, dairy products, loaf of baked goods, feed intended for other animals. Such products can adversely affect their well-being and health. [/ Attention]
Feeding land turtles
- Fresh greens. plants that are not toxic to turtles (salads, cabbage, dandelion leaves, various flowers, grass). about 80% of the menu;
- Vegetable crops (zucchini, cucumbers, carrots, tomatoes). about 15% of the menu;
- Fruits (bananas, apples, pears). the remaining 5%.
- Champignons and other easily digestible mushrooms;
- Vegetable crops (a small amount of sorrel, plantain, coltsfoot, lawn grass, thistle. leaves, clover, peas, timothy, sprouted oats, veronica);
- Fruits (from citrus. orange, tangerine, mango, plum, apricot, peach, melon);
- Vegetables (bell peppers, beets, onion feathers, carrot tops, squash, pumpkin, artichoke, horseradish. a small amount, legumes)
- Berries (watermelon, strawberries, strawberries, raspberries, edible forest berries);
- Bran, sunflower seeds (not fried), dry yeast, dry seaweed;
- Special dry food for terrestrial breeds (Wardley, Tetra, Sera);
- Hard-boiled chicken egg. once a week;
- Snails, slugs, insects. once a month.
Periodically add calcium supplements to your pet’s menu, and during the cold season. special multivitamins.
[attention type = yellow] Pay attention! All plant foods should be fed exclusively raw. Do not use heat treatment. [/ Attention]
Never overfeed your pets, but do not limit the list of foods to 1-2 ingredients. The feed must be balanced, it is imperative to include all the necessary vitamins, otherwise there is a high risk of dangerous diseases, growth disorders, developmental disorders, obesity or exhaustion, death of the animal.
Many breeders have a question whether it is necessary to water the turtle with water.?
Land bugs are not adapted to receive water. Usually, when trying to water reptiles, liquid flows out of their mouths. If dry food predominates in the food of pets, animals may feel thirst more often than their relatives, who eat mainly vegetables and fruits.
Experienced owners advise using two methods to prevent dehydration:
- It is necessary to introduce juicy plant products into the pet’s menu as often as possible.
- Another way to give water to an animal is to bathe it. The optimal bathing time for land turtles is 30-50 minutes. The water should not reach the level of the nostrils. With proper bathing, the reptile’s body is saturated with moisture enough.
Eating at home
The diet of pets should include multivitamins and minerals, which are essential for their full life. Immediately after purchase, it is advisable to feed the turtle with the same food that the seller previously fed it, gradually introducing new components. The optimal feeding time is during the day, when the pet is most active. Before feeding, the animal must warm up enough so that it has an appetite. Therefore, it is best to feed your pet in 1.5-2 hours after turning on the heater. When the turtles are hungry, they begin to restlessly move around the terrarium or along the bottom of the reservoir.
To understand which food is right for your pet, you need to determine its type. Turtles are divided into 3 main subgroups, depending on the type of food:
- Predatory. They often eat meat, only 10% of their menu consists of food of plant origin. This subgroup includes almost all aquatic breeds. Trionix, red-eared. young, marsh. young. Their menu is based on seafood, low-fat fish.
- Herbivores. They eat plants, vegetables, fruits, only occasionally tasting meat products. This includes terrestrial species. Central Asian breed, Mediterranean.
- Omnivores. Meat and vegetable crops are consumed in approximately equal proportions. The last subgroup is adjoined by land turtles of certain breeds, red-eared, marsh, red-footed.
[attention type = yellow] Please note that you should feed your pets only according to their type, as an improperly formulated diet will contribute to improper metabolism, deterioration of the quality of life of these animals, various diseases of the digestive organs. [/ attention]
What do turtles eat at home??
Turtles that live in the wild find their own food on their own. Their menu includes both animal and plant foods in various proportions, necessarily natural vitamin components, various microelements.
[attention type = green] A captive reptile can only provide a full-fledged diet by humans. [/ attention]
Distinctive nutritional features of small and adults
For small and adult reptiles, there are some differences in feeding. Young turtles grow very quickly, so you need to feed them daily, while for adults it is enough to eat 2-3 times a week, eating all the food to the end.
The diet of young animals should be as diverse as possible, it is imperative to include vitamin D, which prevents the development of rickets, calcium, which is necessary for the proper growth of the shell, multivitamins, minerals.
There are situations when a pet is forced to do without food and moisture for some time. Here, too, there are some distinctive features regarding the age of the individual. Adults can do without food for up to two weeks without experiencing any discomfort. Young turtles, including three-day-old babies, go without food for up to a week.
If the owner properly decorates the tank and takes care of its landscaping, then the turtle will independently obtain its own food, using plants and algae. In addition, the following foods can sometimes be given:
- young lettuce leaves;
- cabbage leaves;
- pieces of cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, beets, tomatoes;
- pumpkin pulp;
- fruits: apples, pears;
- greens. parsley or dill leaves are included in the reptile’s menu if she loves such food.
In winter, for preventive purposes, it is recommended that the pet be given multivitamin feeding.
What does a turtle eat at home?
Turtles are not the most common pets, so theirs. including feeding, can raise a lot of questions. But these unusual animals are not very whimsical, they are omnivorous and can eat almost anything more or less edible. The owner’s task is to find out what the turtles eat at home, and to highlight the food that can be given to them. After all, not everything that a reptile eats is useful for her, the diet should be nutritious and balanced, taking into account the species characteristics.
Feeding aquatic turtles
Aquatic representatives of the species, in fact, are predators, in nature they actively hunt for fish and other living creatures. When living at home, the turtle should be given pieces of lean fish, peeled from small bones and offal. You can give pieces of thawed product or run live fish into the tank. The diet of pets should include fish and meat, products, seafood, plant components.
Young individuals eat it with bones; it is enough to chop the food into small pieces. An adult turtle can handle whole fish and large pieces. It is recommended to crush or chop large bones before serving.
Occasionally, an animal can be treated to fish of fatty varieties, such as sprat, Baltic herring, etc. Before giving such food to a pet, it is recommended to hold it in hot water. Water turtles do not refuse from an elite delicacy. black and red caviar. According to experts, sometimes you can pamper a reptile with such a delicacy.
What do turtles eat
Any pet should be well fed, adhering to a regimen and taking into account its taste preferences. The quality and duration of the pet’s life cycle largely depends on this. As for turtles, in the natural environment they are not very picky, and if the body requires, they eat what is on their way. Most of the active pastime of reptiles is engaged in finding food.
If the reptile lives in an aquarium or aquaterrarium, then its diet is 100% dependent on the owner. A person needs to know the type of pet, whether it is a predator or a vegetarian, or requires a mixed diet. If feeding is disturbed, the turtle can get sick, so it is worth paying a lot of attention to this issue.
Reptiles of this family are divided into 3 groups, based on their eating habits:
- Predators. Up to 90% of their menu consists of animal foods, the rest is fiber sources. Carnivorous turtles mainly eat meat, this category includes aquatic reptiles that feed on fish and marine life.
- Omnivores. The diet of these pets should be balanced and contain 1/2 of meat components and the same amount of plant ingredients.
- Herbivores. Turtles eat vegetation, and only 5-7% of their menu is animal food.
Such food must be included in the menu of aquatic inhabitants. Shrimp, squid, mussels, scallops and other seafood are very good for turtles. They also eat frogs, but it is important to keep in mind that not all of their varieties are suitable as food.
In order not to harm your pet with such food, you can first consult with a specialist. You can give your turtle some crabs and crayfish tails, but not more often than once a week.
Turtles are allowed to be treated with pieces of lean meat. boiled chicken, veal, beef or chicken liver. Pets do not disdain mice, the main thing is that they do not turn out to be carriers of any diseases.
Fatty meats should not be included in the reptile’s menu, like minced meat, sausages and other sausages. Do not feed turtles food intended for other pets.
Additional dietary ingredients may include the following:
- dry food. in the form of sticks, granules, tablets, etc.;
- insects. turtles do not refuse any “sweets”. they like bloodworms, grasshoppers, crickets and other food animals;
- mollusks and small invertebrates. tadpoles, slugs, etc.
How and what to feed a land reptile
Composing a diet for representatives of this species is a difficult matter, with aquatic reptiles in this matter, everything is much easier. The basis of the land turtles menu is vegetation. over, it should be varied and contain useful substances, vitamin and mineral components.
At 4/5, the diet consists of leaves, flowers and other vegetation. Some individuals like to feast on parsley and dill, but such food is not for everybody. Succulents are suitable as food for turtles. plants that can store moisture.
1/5 of the turtle’s menu is vegetables, it is given slices of fresh cucumbers, zucchini, bell peppers, ripe pumpkin, carrots. not only the vegetable itself, but also its tops are used. Additionally, it is allowed to treat reptiles with fruits containing a small amount of sugar. sour apples, citrus fruits, etc.
It is extremely rare, in small quantities, rather even as a delicacy, that pets are given orange or grapefruit slices without films, pieces of cherries or cherries. You can diversify the turtle’s menu with radishes, mushrooms, green onions, a clove of garlic, basil, sprouted beans, asparagus, sorrel, spinach, etc.
What Do Turtles Eat? Feeding A Pet Turtle
Food for land reptiles should be raw, washed thoroughly under running water, but not heat treated.
It is recommended to add dry food to the pet’s menu weekly. non-poisonous mushrooms, fresh kelp, yeast, soybean meal and bran. It is not recommended to feed a turtle from the land family:
- milk and fermented milk drinks;
- cottage cheese, curds, dairy desserts;
- cereal and corn porridge;
- baked goods;
- rations for dogs, cats and other pets.
Should reptiles be watered
Yes, reptiles need moisture, but some drink no more than once a month, while others. a couple of times a week, it all depends on the species characteristics of the pet. The composition of the pet’s diet plays an important role in this matter. If the turtle regularly consumes juicy food. fruits, vegetables, succulents, then it needs less water than a pet that eats dry food more often.
To improve the digestive processes and take care of the hygiene of the pet, it is recommended to bathe your armored friend every 5-7 days. The reptile is placed in a shallow container with warm water, which should reach the middle of the carapace. Within 20-30 minutes, the pet will get drunk and enjoy the procedure. It is important to ensure that water does not enter the turtle’s sinuses.
The omnivorous reptile menu consists of animal and plant foods. Care should be taken that the pet’s diet is not monotonous and includes both those and other ingredients in approximately equal amounts.
The owner of such an exotic and unusual pet should adhere to certain rules that apply to all representatives of the species:
- young turtles should be fed every day;
- older reptiles should be fed 2-3 times a week;
- the pet should not starve. this will negatively affect its health;
- food for an aquatic inhabitant is not suitable for a land relative, and vice versa.
It is important that the reptile gets the required amount of calcium in its food. Experts advise every 5-7 days to give a special feeding. powdered egg shells, bone meal, carbonate, etc. Calcium preparations are not given “by eye”, the dosage is calculated as follows: 50 mg per 500 g of reptile weight.
You should not be guided by the addictions of your pet. turtles often eat what they cannot eat at all. It is recommended that you learn more about feeding your reptile and stick to both the schedule and diet. Indeed, the pet’s well-being and life expectancy depend on the quality of the pet’s nutrition.
What does a turtle eat at home??
The turtle is a beautiful, interesting and safe animal for humans, which belongs to the order of reptiles. Scientists have long proven that turtles are the only ancient creatures living to this day. The age of the animal is 220 million years. They live both on land and under water. Prefer tropical latitudes and temperate zones.
How to feed river turtles at home?
What do turtles eat at home??
Many turtle buyers, after creating a terrarium or buying an aquarium, are interested in: what turtles eat?
At this point, we will consider feeding land and omnivorous turtles (aquatic, red-eared, marsh, thorny):
- Feeding a living creature implies the preparation of a special regime.
- At one time, the animal must consume a certain amount of vitamins, minerals and nutrients.
- Avoid starving or overeating your pet. An excess of food will lead to the development of many diseases and a short life span, a lack of food, on the contrary, inhibits the overall development of the body and abilities.
The diet of land turtles should be 95% vegetable and 5% animal food.
How to feed a land turtle at home
- lettuce leaves;
- pea stalks;
- vegetables (pumpkin, zucchini, beets, carrots, radishes, cucumbers);
- fruits (bananas, tangerines, apples, oranges);
- berries (blueberries, watermelon, blueberries, strawberries, strawberries, blackberries).
Eating any type of food should not exceed the norm. Choose other products constantly.
A characteristic feature of the turtle is the presence of a shell. It protects the animal from various enemies. It consists of two parts, the upper one is called the carapace, and the lower one is the plastron. This is a protective case, withstands a weight of two hundred times the mass of the turtle itself.
If we talk about weight and size, then it all depends on the species and habitat. Some individuals reach a weight of one ton and a size of about 3 meters in diameter.
The head of turtles is usually small and smooth. Thanks to this, she can quickly hide it in the shell, feeling a predator. But there are rare species with large heads. The neck can be either long or short.
The turtles bite off food with the help of a powerful beak. They have no teeth. To chew food, they use the rough surfaces inside the beak. In predators, these places are sharper, and in herbivores, blunt. The tongue is very short and is intended only for pushing food down the throat.
The paws of these animals differ according to their habitat. If the turtle lives in water, its limbs have special membranes for fast swimming and the right pair is much larger than the left. In land animals, the front legs are adapted for digging up the ground, and the rear ones for movement. They are bigger and stronger than the front ones.
After hatching, the animals are absolutely helpless and do not leave the hole in which they were laid. They sit in a broken shell for 1-3 days. If during this time the turtle does not hatch, his mother helps him.
Types of domestic turtles
Domestic turtles can be divided into two large “families”. freshwater and land. And now in more detail about their representatives, which you can get and keep at home.
- Central Asian. Very slow and clumsy creatures. The forelimbs have 4 fingers. If we talk about wild nature, then this species lives only in Central Asia. Listed in the Red Book. They do not like confined spaces, because of this, the life expectancy in an apartment or house is very short. The best temperature for a terrarium is around 30 degrees.
- Mediterranean. They live in various climatic conditions. These individuals are thermophilic. They love to lie in the sun. The size of the largest animals of this species does not exceed 35 cm. There are 5 fingers on the forelimbs. The optimum temperature for keeping is 25-30 degrees.
- Egyptian. representatives of this species are very small. They grow up to 12 cm in length. In nature, they are found in the vastness of Egypt, Libya and Israel. They love sand very much, because they consider it to be protection. When a danger arises, the turtle will rush to bury itself under it. The best temperature is 26-30 degrees.
- Balkan. similar to the Mediterranean. The size of adults reaches 20 cm. A distinctive feature of this species is a thorn at the tip of the tail. The temperature in the terrarium should not exceed 32 degrees.
- European swamp. Numerous species of amphibian turtles. The shape of these individuals is slightly flattened. They grow up to 35 cm in length. Weight is no more than two kilograms. There are sharp claws on the fingers. A long tail. They live in lakes, ponds and wetlands. Listed in the Red Book.
- Red-eared. There are red, yellow or orange spots near the ears of these animals. They grow up to 30 cm. They are very slow and lazy creatures. They love warmth. The terrarium should be kept at a temperature between 30 and 32 degrees.
- Far Eastern. These turtles do not have the classic hard shell. Their “refuge” is soft to the touch. Its surface resembles leather. The size of an adult can reach 20 cm. It has a long neck. A dangerous species for humans. Difficult to educate. They can bite. Diluted only in rare cases.
- Caspian. The shell of this species is flat, oval in shape. The maximum length is 30 cm. Males of this species have a longer tail than females. They love salt and fresh water. In the wild, they climb to great heights. These are centenarians among domestic turtles. Their average age is 25 years. When keeping, you need to observe two temperature regimes: water-22 degrees, air. 32 degrees.
Feeding in summer and winter
In summer, try to give your pet only fresh vegetables and fruits. Pick up fresh plants on the street often that are suitable for food. So the turtle can easily get the necessary components.