Ixodid ticks in dogs
Ixodid ticks in dogs are cutaneous parasites that can lead to the development of such a serious disease as piroplasmosis. You need to know how to find this insect on your pet, and how to carefully and correctly remove it.
How to find a tick
The only way to find a tick on your pet is to do a daily and thorough examination of the skin and coat. First, they examine the head, ears, eyes, and neck. Then the sides, abdomen, and back are examined. Finish the procedure on the groin of the animal.
Many owners are wondering how to find a tick in a pet with long and thick hair. In this case, you can use a special comb with a very small distance between the teeth. With such a comb, the entire coat is thoroughly combed, from the head to the tail. The procedure is repeated after each walk.
A collar is a very convenient tool that protects your pet from external parasites for 1-7 months, depending on the manufacturer. It is put on the neck of an animal. In this case, it is worth making sure that the inner surface of the collar fits snugly against the skin on the neck.
Most popular remedies:
- Beaphar S.O.S. Protects your pet from fleas for 8 months, from ticks. for 4 months.
- Beaphar Flea Tick. This collar protects your pet from ticks and fleas for six months.
- Bolfo. Effects against ticks 2.5 months, against other blood-sucking parasites. 4 months.
- Foresto (Foresto). Protects the dog from parasite bites for 240 days (8 months). The collar is moisture resistant, also includes reflectors.
The collar must not be removed from the dog, as this weakens its protective function.
The pet must wear such an accessory constantly throughout the entire period of validity.
Why a tick is dangerous for a dog
The parasite is the carrier of many life-threatening diseases: anaplasmosis, babesiosis, encephalitis, borreliosis or Lyme disease. However, not all owners know how a tick is dangerous for a dog.
This insect infects pets with a dangerous disease called piroplasmosis. The development of this ailment is caused by the blood parasites of babesia. Ixodid ticks are only carriers of these microorganisms, while they themselves do not get sick.
INTERESTING! An encephalitis mite, which is deadly to humans, may be completely harmless to the dog. Flavirus, which is the causative agent of encephalitis in humans, is not harmful to animals. Dog health can only be harmed by babesias.
The causative agents of piroplasmosis enter the dog’s body during a tick bite. They penetrate the pet’s bloodstream, where they attack red blood cells and destroy them. The disease is fatal to dogs of all ages and sizes.
Piroplasmosis can be recognized by the following symptoms:
- Rapid deterioration of the general condition.
- Lethargy and apathy.
- Lack of appetite.
- Wobbly and unsure gait.
- Fever (the temperature can rise to 40-42 degrees).
- Characteristic darkening of urine (it becomes brown).
- Pale mucous membranes.
It is very important to start the treatment of piroplasmosis on time, only in this case there is a chance to save the animal. Without treatment, the dog dies within 5-10 days after the first symptoms appear.
What to do if a tick’s head comes off
After removing the parasite, the wound is treated with alcohol or another antiseptic. However, the owner may encounter difficulties during retrieval.
If a tick’s head comes off, the following measures should be taken:
- At the site of the bite, a black dot is found that looks like a splinter.
- The affected area is disinfected with an alcohol napkin.
- A thin needle is well ignited with a lighter.
- The head of the tick is carefully removed from the skin with a calcined needle.
- The bite site is well treated with hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine.
Instead of a needle, you can use a thread or tweezers, but only if the head of the parasite is clearly visible and protrudes above the skin. If it is located quite deep, and you cannot pick it up, you should consult a doctor. The doctor will perform local anesthesia, incision the skin and remove the remains.
Drops are applied to the pet’s skin. To do this, the wool in the area of the withers and back is pushed apart, and drops are gently squeezed onto the skin from a pipette. In this case, the drug must be distributed over the entire length of the back.
Most often, owners and breeders use the following drugs:
- Stronghold (Stronghold). This drug protects the pet not only from ixodid, but also from ear and itch mites. Also, the main component of selamectin destroys fleas, lice, and internal parasites. Apply the drug once a month.
- Prac-tic (Practical tic). The main substance is pyriprol, which destroys external parasites, including ixodid ticks. Drops are applied to the skin of the animal monthly.
- Leopard. The basis of the drug is fipronil. Drops protect the dog from ixodid ticks for 4 weeks.
- Dana Ultra. Fipronil is also the main component. The drug protects the pet from ixodid ticks for 4-5 weeks.
The dog is not washed with shampoo for 3-4 days before and after treatment with drops. You can combine drops with collars, but in this case it is necessary to ensure that the main components of the drugs are different.
How to remove a tick from a dog. instructions
If an ixodid tick has sucked onto the skin of a pet, you should contact a veterinary clinic as soon as possible. The doctor will carefully and quickly remove the parasite and suggest a special test for piroplasmosis.
If this is not possible, you can pull out the tick yourself.
- The animal is brought into a well-lit room and fixed.
- The hair around the tick is trimmed with sharp scissors.
- A mixture is applied to the skin and ticks, which will create a film that does not allow air to pass through. To do this, use a fat cream (petroleum jelly or any baby cream), vegetable oil, nail polish.
- After 15-30 minutes, the tick will feel a lack of oxygen, loosen its grip and begin to get the proboscis out of the skin.
- If the tick does not come out on its own, you need to remove it with tweezers. In this case, the entire body of the tick, including the head, should be captured. The parasite is carefully twisted, swinging in different directions. Strong thread can be used instead of tweezers.
He is a sea mite that lives either in flowing fresh water bodies, and some subspecies also love salty sea water. Parasitizes molluscs and some aquatic insects.
Spread of ticks
The wide range of ticks is due to their distribution methods. Being parasites, they can easily move for many kilometers, sticking to other animals, although they are able to overcome no more than a few meters on their own.
This mite is completely harmless, as it is a real vegetarian among mites, it feeds exclusively on plant juices. It is also a carrier of a disease that is dangerous for many plants. gray rot.
These ticks, living in the crevices of houses and outbuildings, parasitize on domestic animals and birds, most of all preferring chickens. They can also attack a person. The bite of an argas tick is very painful, accompanied by severe itching and a rash at the site of the lesion. Inhabits a wide geographical area, practically throughout Eurasia.
Brown dog tick
Safe for humans, but not for dogs.
Only after a year the tick nymph turns into an adult female or male tick.
This mite is also very unpleasant, it is he who causes scabies in humans and animals, making small passages in the skin. It feeds not on blood, but on skin secretions, while causing severe itching and redness.
Where do ticks live?
Almost everywhere, these arachnid creatures live on all continents (except perhaps Antarctica) and in all climatic zones. Many species of ticks prefer damp places near water bodies as habitats: thickets near river banks, flooded meadows, forest ravines. Some mites are able to live both in the salt water of the seas and oceans, and in fresh rivers and lakes. There are mites living in houses and apartments in animal fur (house mites, flour mites, dust mites).
How to recognize a tick on a dog
Only a tick settled on the body of a dog, especially if it is long-haired, is quite difficult. A spider-like parasite of small size (0.5 cm), hitting a new victim, quickly makes its way to the skin and digs into the body. It is important to examine the pet after each walk, and if you notice a tick on it, you need to try to catch it, as it will try to escape.
If the blood-sucking parasite has time to dig into the body of the animal, when it sucks blood, it approximately doubles in size, becoming like a grayish, yellowish or light beige pea. In this case, it is easier to detect it, but it must be remembered that with a bite, the parasite could already infect the dog with diseases. It is best to start removing the parasite from the animal’s body without delay.
It is also important to know where on the dog to look for ticks in the first place after returning from a walk. It is necessary to carefully examine the following parts of the animal’s body, pushing the fur:
- hind legs.
How and how to get a tick out of a dog’s body
It is impossible to 100% protect a dog from a tick bite, so every owner of a barking pet should remember how to remove a tick from a dog at home, and what is required for this. It is best to stock up on the necessary tools in advance:
- tweezers, pincers or a special lasso pen;
- thin medical gloves;
- disinfectant and cotton swabs.
If you find a parasite embedded in the dog’s body, proceed with its extraction, observing the following rules.
- Perform the procedure only with gloves. Remember that touching a parasite can become infected with ailments it carries.
- Do not try to pull out the tick sharply. Remember that on his body there are many small thorns with which he firmly holds onto the skin of the animal. If the parasite is abruptly pulled out, its head will remain in the dog’s body. The remaining part of the parasite’s body in the skin will be much more difficult. It will need to be removed, because due to the proboscis remaining in the body, a strong inflammatory process may appear.
- Find a well-lit area for the procedure. If the tick is hard to see behind your pet’s coat, trim it where the parasite is found.
- Using tweezers, a tick wrench, or a lasso pen, try to grab the tick’s body as close to your dog’s skin as possible. Once the parasite is fixed, start slowly rotating it clockwise. Be patient, and in no case jerk sharply. Often, after a few turns, the mite comes out of the skin. Sometimes the procedure can take up to 10 minutes.
- After removing the tick, it is best to burn it. Do not press on him, because this way you can become infected with a disease that he carries, or your dog can become a carrier of the disease. Do not release the tick, as it may find itself a new victim. If you have any suspicions that the dog may get sick, it is recommended to send the extracted parasite to a glass jar: you may need to contact your veterinarian and determine the type of tick.
- The place where the tick was located, and the tools that you used to extract it, should be disinfected. To do this, you can use alcohol, hydrogen peroxide or water with laundry soap dissolved in it.
How to remove a tick from a dog?
As soon as the snow melts in the spring and the first shoots of grass begin to turn green under the warm rays of the sun, it’s time for dog owners to fight ticks. These blood-sucking parasites are found not only in forests and meadows, where people rarely appear. Even in cities, owners and their barking pets are not protected from tick bites that carry dangerous diseases. That is why it is important to remember how to remove a tick from a dog, because this way you will help your wards to avoid a complex ailment. It is also important to understand that improper removal of a blood-sucking parasite can lead to fatal consequences.
Other methods for removing ticks
Not always, when a tick is found on the dog’s body, it is possible to use special tools to remove it. In such cases, you can apply other methods.
- Removing a tick with a thread. You need to make a loop of the thread, throw it over the tick as close as possible to the body of the barking pet and not tighten it completely. Otherwise, you run the risk of crushing the parasite, which increases the risk of infection of the dog with diseases. Pulling the thread slightly, try to gently pull the tick with loose movements. After a while, he will leave the body of the animal.
- How to remove a tick from a dog with a syringe. This method works well with a syringe on hand. It is best to use an insulin syringe. It needs to be cut off, greased with a cream tip and pressed against the pet’s body so that a vacuum is formed over the location of the parasite when pulled. It is necessary to slowly pull the piston, and under the influence of vacuum, the tick will leave the pet’s body.
- Removing the tick by hand. If you don’t have any tools at hand, you can wrap your fingers with a rag, grab the tick with them and gently scroll it clockwise. Over time, the parasite will surrender and leave the body of your barking pet.
What are the dangers of ticks for dogs
The main danger of ticks lies in their ability to tolerate dangerous ailments transmitted to the host from the parasite through a bite:
- Lyme borreliosis.
Most often, dogs suffer from piroplasmosis after being bitten by an infected tick. The disease can be cured if the owner of the dog promptly contacted his ward to the veterinarian. Even a slight delay can cause serious complications in the animal, to get rid of which will require long-term therapy that requires significant costs.
Prevention of ticks
If you do not want to expose your dog to the danger of being bitten by blood-sucking parasites, it is worth using special tick control products for prevention. To do this, you can use various means:
- special collars;
- drops from ticks;
- shampoos to fight parasites;
- tick repellent sprays.
How to recognize
The initial symptoms of invasion are devoid of individual coloration, and in adult and healthy animals they are completely absent. This complicates timely diagnosis, therefore, for any behavioral changes, it is better to play it safe and consult a doctor.
The risk of infection with ticks cannot be completely excluded, but if the basic rules of care and maintenance are followed, it can be minimized.
For the health of a four-legged friend, it is important:
- Increase the dosage of acaricidal preparations in the presence of long hair. This rule also applies to frequent bathing, which removes the applied drug from the skin.
- Monitor the quality of food. Do not mix dry and natural feeding, exclude the purchase of cheap feed and low-quality products. Remember that if the dog eats natural food, then it needs to be given vitamins, agreed with the veterinarian.
- Refuse the planned mating when parasites are detected. Each participant must undergo a comprehensive background check, so ask the co-host for confirmation.
- Limit contact with unfamiliar animals. A particular danger is posed by stray and wild animals that carry dangerous infectious diseases.
- Examine skin and coat carefully after every walk. Parasites love to climb into hard-to-reach places, so check the tail, ears, armpits, groin, and limbs.
- Sterilize it after an illness. Subcutaneous mites are dangerous hormonal disorders that can cause relapse, and congenital diseases in offspring.
- Seek help from the vet clinic for any alarming symptoms. It is better to make a mistake in an independent diagnosis than not have time to prevent a real illness at an early stage.
What my dog thinks he looks like vs reality tiktok compilation
Additional protection against parasites will be provided by special antiparasitic drugs:
- Collars (Kiltiks, Beafar, Foresto). Collars are effective for 6 months, but often come with allergies and are not suitable:
- lactating and pregnant animals;
- puppies under 2 months old;
- dogs with low immunity and chronic diseases.
The first symptoms appear some time after the bite. Sick pet:
- refuses to eat and does not even react to favorite treats;
- loses the usual activity and falls into a state of apathy;
- shows irritation when trying to contact;
- freezes in any conditions, and his body temperature rises.
Secondary symptoms will help to distinguish tick-borne infestation from the common cold:
- severe itching, forcing the dog to comb the bites into the blood;
- redness and cracking of the skin;
- loss of hair, leading to baldness in the affected area;
- the formation of dandruff and suppuration with a putrid odor.
In addition to general symptoms, individual symptoms can be distinguished, depending on the type of tick:
- Notoedres. Itching and inflammation are accompanied by dark gray discharge from the ears, accompanied by an unpleasant odor.
- Sarcoptes scabiei. On the affected area, thin lines of light gray color are formed, ending in a small bubble at the end.
- Demodex canis. Inflammation is of a point nature, and the disease (demodicosis) occurs in 2 forms:
- Localized. On the affected part of the body (muzzle, paws), there are up to 5 foci no more than 2.5 cm in diameter. Young animals 1.5-2 years old are susceptible to this form. It is easy to treat, and in some cases goes away on its own.
- Generalized. Appears in the absence of treatment of a localized form and affects most of the body. Does not depend on age and is accompanied by excruciating itching and purulent inflammation. When a secondary infection occurs, the chances of recovery are reduced by up to 50%.
Pets are the hardest to carry tick-borne infestations:
What does a subcutaneous tick look like?
Most of the subcutaneous mites enter the body from the outside and penetrate deep into the skin. These parasites include:
- Notoedres. Dirty gray mites with a rounded body 0.2-0.45 mm long, tapered limbs and a horseshoe-shaped proboscis. Parasitizes on the outside of the ear and causes notoedrosis.
- Sarcoptes scabiei. Completely white or yellowish-white ticks with a broadly oval body 0.14-0.45 mm long, convex dorsum and numerous scales covering 4 pairs of limbs. Affect the entire surface of the body and cause sarcoptic mange.
An exception is the Demodex canis mite. a parasite that lives in the animal’s body on a permanent basis. Its cigar-shaped body is light gray in color and measures 0.2-0.3 mm long.
Popular drugs for subcutaneous tick
All types of diseases caused by subcutaneous mites are similar in symptoms, but have different treatment regimens. Do not use medicinal products without veterinarian approval.
The list of popular acaricidal drugs can be found on the example of the table.
The most effective cure for subcutaneous ticks is Dectomax. Due to its high toxicity, veterinarians prescribe it only if there is a serious threat to the health of the animal.
The treatment regimen for a subcutaneous tick depends on its type, therefore medications are prescribed only after the diagnosis is made.
Do not use topical antipruritic medicines before visiting a veterinary clinic. This will distort the research results.
- collecting anamnesis, which allows you to calculate the individual factors that caused the disease (poor-quality nutrition, chronic diseases);
- a blood and urine test showing a change in the main indicators due to toxins released by parasites;
- taking a scraping from the skin, which determines the type of tick;
- Ultrasound and X-rays used to track internal pathologies unknown to the owner.
As a rule, treatment takes from 1 to 2 months and is based not only on the destruction of parasites, but also on the elimination of the consequences left by them. Drug therapy includes taking:
- vitamin and mineral complexes that normalize the immune system;
- acaricidal preparations aimed at killing ticks;
- antihistamines that relieve and eliminate itching;
- hepatoprotectors that restore damaged liver cells.
When treating notoedrosis and sarcapotis, it is important to remember about safety and handle the animal with protective gloves. Please note that if the dog has an ear mite, then the medicinal drops drip into both ears, regardless of the affected area.
In the process of vital activity, ticks release toxic substances that poison the host’s body. Taking medications is not enough for recovery, therefore, they are additionally prescribed:
- A sparing diet. In medical nutrition, it is important:
- Refuse to reheat. Food should be warm (no higher than room temperature) and fresh.
- Eliminate fatty and heavy foods. Preference is given to beef tenderloin, chicken fillet and oatmeal.
- Ensure adequate fluid intake. In addition to fresh water, it is recommended to water the pet with rosehip broths, useful for immunity.
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It is equally important to monitor the cleanliness of the room in which the sick animal lives. Parasites do not like cleaning products, so re-infection in your own home will be excluded.
The most difficult thing to treat is demodicosis, which can recur at the slightest weakening of immunity. For pustular or generalized forms, the following scheme is used:
- Long-haired pets are trimmed to gain access to the affected areas.
- Purulent crusts are softened with hydrogen peroxide and removed with a cotton swab.
- After shearing and cleansing, the animals are washed with a special shampoo for seborrhea.
- Clean areas of the affected skin are lubricated with acaricidal preparations. Additionally, medications are applied that eliminate the symptoms of itching (Pikhtotin).
- Dogs affected by a secondary infection are given antibiotics.
- In addition to hepatoprotectors (Essentiale, Karsil), animals are given probiotics and prebiotics that normalize the digestive tract.
Do not use corticosteroids to relieve inflammation. Despite the effective elimination of inflammatory processes, the drugs significantly suppress the work of immune cells.
Symptoms and consequences of a localized form of demodicosis usually disappear within 1-2 months of treatment. Animals affected by the generalized form will have to fight the disease for a longer time. Even after recovery, preventive checks are needed to detect possible relapse at an early stage.
Causes and ways of infection
Notoedres and sarcoptes scabiei are transmitted through close contact with infected animals or through the use of their personal belongings. Both parasites are dangerous to humans, but do not cause serious complications:
- notoedres leaves the host’s body on its own within 30 days, since it is not capable of reproducing on human skin;
- sarcoptes scabiei is not able to gnaw through human skin, therefore, laying of eggs in the tunnels made is observed only in animals.
Demodex canis is an exception. He already lives in the dog’s body, so the cause of the disease is a sharp weakening of the immune system, which occurs when:
- poor quality nutrition;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- infectious diseases (distemper, pyoderma);
- endocrine system diseases (Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism);
- stress and mental disorders;
- unsuitable climatic conditions or hypothermia;
- autoimmune pathologies (pemphigus, lupus);
- oncological diseases;
- changing teeth or stopping;
- long-term use of antibiotics;
- surgical operations.
Demodecosis is especially dangerous for puppies born from a sick mother, and dogs of the following breeds:
- German Shepherds;
- doberman pinschers;
- Great Danes;
- Afghan hounds;
- cocker spaniels;
- English Bulldogs;
The disease is not spread to other dogs and humans.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs (photo)
Dogs, especially purebred dogs, like any other pets, are very susceptible to any kind of disease and the influence of external negative influences. The dog is in danger at every corner when he goes for a walk with his owner. Despite the fact that people often do not notice in time certain sources of harmful diseases, as well as the symptoms of such ailments, this does not mean that they do not exist. Therefore, before you get a puppy, you should devote a lot of time to studying the problems of its maintenance, including in terms of caring for its health.
This article will discuss how to protect a dog from subcutaneous ticks in the very season of their “aggravation”, and how a subcutaneous tick looks like in dogs, a photo of which can be seen in three paragraphs below. Information about its appearance is relevant if this parasite still managed to bypass all the obstacles created to protect the dog, and still managed to get to it.
Pets with tick bite symptoms most often come to veterinary clinics in spring or autumn, when it gets warm outside, and everyone wants to go out of town with their pets. But for some reason, many people forget that not only themselves, but also the pet (including, by the way, cats and other animals) should be treated with anti-parasite agents. over, with the onset of warm weather, it is recommended in any case to treat the dog with special means, even if it only walks in the yard, since even in the yard there is grass from which ticks can jump on the dog.
If all of the above has not been done, or the bloodsucker has not been stopped by prophylaxis against him, you should know what to do in order not to harm the dog. To begin with, to make sure that all the symptoms of ailments are associated with ticks, you need to examine the dog. It is advisable to do this every time you return from a walk with the dog. The fact is that, in addition to the most harmless tick bite, there may be other consequences. including infection (for example, piroplasmosis, that is, damage to blood cells). It is important to know that there are breeds that are most prone to subcutaneous tick infestation:
- german shepherds,
- pit bulls,
- collie and several other breeds.
How do you recognize subcutaneous mites? The fact is that, unlike external mites, they are practically invisible to the human eye. It is possible to understand whether a dog is infected with it or not only by the symptoms of the expression of the disease.
These mites cause diseases of two types:
- juvenile demodicosis (or localized),
- generalized demodicosis.
You can read more about demodicosis, its symptoms and treatment here.
Typically, these mites live in the sebaceous glands of the animal and in the hair follicles. Very often, the effect of such a mite can be seen if the dog begins to redden the skin, and the condition of the hairline both on the face and on the paws worsens.
The indicators, having noticed which, you should immediately seek medical attention from a doctor, include:
If you do not pay attention to these symptoms in time, then such ailments as bacterial disease and fungal infection can join the disease from ticks. Because of this, the skin of the dogs turns red, and the dog itself begins to feel ailments even more. from which it noticeably loses weight. All this can be fatal.
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First aid for a dog after a tick bite
Owners should inspect their pet’s head, neck, chest, ears and groin after every walk for bloodsuckers. If single individuals are found, they must be urgently removed and burned. To avoid contracting diseases dangerous to humans, do this with protective gloves. Avoid crushing the tick and getting it into the mouth or mucous membranes. See your veterinarian for multiple bites.
If you are far from medical care, give your dog 100-150 ml of water every hour. If you vomit, give an enema or injection subcutaneously. You can subcutaneously inject 20 ml of glucose solution and vitamins B6 and B12 in an ampoule three times a day. In case of pronounced symptoms and lack of help, an injection of 7% solution of Veriben or Azidine is given at the rate of 1 ml per 20 kg of the dog’s weight.
How to independently take blood from a dog for analysis: treat the ear with alcohol, cut the vessel close to the edge, collect the blood on a glass plate, dry it a little and take it to the clinic.
What diseases can ticks transmit to dogs?
Hepatozoonosis. They are caused by protozoa of the genus Hepatozoon, which infect leukocytes, spreading throughout the body of the animal. This is usually due to the ingestion of a parasite. Often, the disease does not make itself felt for several years while the immune system is normal. With a decrease in immunity, fever, pain in joints and muscles, weakness, eye discharge begins. Not hazardous to humans.
Ehrlichiosis. Provoke rickettsia. Ehrlichia. It settles in white blood cells: platelets, monocytes and granulocytes. There are rickettsias that are dangerous to humans. The disease came to Russia from Europe and the United States. The symptom of all ehrlichiosis is a debilitating, growing fever.
Monocytic ehrlichiosis: weight decreases, the animal urinates with blood, the number of platelets and leukocytes decreases, weakness, hemorrhages on the cornea, mucous membranes, skin, nosebleeds, anemia, heavy breathing are observed.
Granulocytic ehrlichiosis: high fever, weakness, convulsions, inflammation of the eyelids, sore joints, enlarged liver and spleen, protein in the urine, low albumin and platelet counts. After 2-3 weeks, the activity of the animal decreases and lethargy appears. Sometimes it develops in a latent form and leads to severe damage to the eyes, bone marrow, joints, liver and other organs.
Bartonellosis. erythrocytes, macrophages and endothelial cells infect bacteria of the genus Bartonella. Some of the Bartonella is also dangerous to humans. Symptoms: from long-term carriage to sudden death without pronounced signs. Clinic: high fever, joint inflammation, drowsiness, weight loss, weakness of the hind legs, anemia, disturbances in the functioning of the heart and blood vessels, inflammation of the eyelids, nosebleeds, hemorrhages in the eyes, inflammation of the subcutaneous vessels, meningitis, pulmonary edema.
Borreliosis (Lyme disease) is a dangerous disease for dogs and humans, caused by bacteria of the genus Borrelia. It is transmitted in utero and often leads to the death or nonviability of the young. Causes arthritis and neurological disruptions. First, the joints near the bite site become inflamed. Sometimes the limp goes away on its own. The hosts become infected with borreliosis when a tick is crushed. The consequences of the disease are neurological disorders, chronic inflammation of the joints, blood vessels, internal organs, etc.
Babesiosis (piroplasmosis) is the most common disease in dogs. It is not dangerous for people. Cause different types of babesia. Symptoms: lethargy after a bite, jaundice, fever, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal disorders, disorders in the liver, heart, lungs, kidneys and other organs. Dark: Brownish or red urine indicates kidney failure. The animal refuses to eat, drinks a lot of water.
Tick bite in a dog: symptoms, consequences, treatment
The most common carriers of dangerous dog diseases are ixodid ticks. Canine and taiga carry borreliosis, babesiosis (piroplasmosis), bartonellosis and others. There are those carrying plague, tularemia, brucellosis, Q fever and listeriosis and other diseases.
If a dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms and effects are not immediately apparent. The incubation period for tick-borne diseases ranges from one week to two months.
If a tick is found on a dog, the most important thing is not to panic, remove it correctly, carefully observe how the pet behaves, and in case of any suspicious change in behavior and condition, seek veterinary help. You should know that on average, from 3 to 14% of the entire population of ixodids are infectious.
Any modern antiparasitic drug is extremely toxic, it kills not only the parasite, but also strikes the dog’s internal organs: kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and also reduces immunity. Especially if you need a few tricks. In this connection, the subsequent long-term rehabilitation is necessary, which cannot be neglected. For at least 10 days, it is necessary to give injections of vitamins, saline solutions, drugs to improve the functioning of the heart, normalize the functioning of the liver, gallbladder, and gastrointestinal tract. At the slightest deterioration in the condition, you need to do a second blood test for the causative agent of the disease.
Why a tick bite is dangerous for a dog?
By itself, the bloodsucker is practically not dangerous, but it carries blood parasites that cause piroplasmosis (babesiosis) and other vector-borne diseases by destroying blood cells, completely disrupting metabolic processes in the body and causing strong neurointoxication. Their reproduction occurs very quickly, therefore, without treatment, with a 98% probability, the animal dies.
How to properly remove a tick from a dog?
Then you should abundantly treat the wound with iodine. Now all that remains is to observe the dog daily for the next 2-3 months, as well as measure the temperature. If clinical symptoms appear: lethargy, decreased activity, poor appetite, diarrhea, changes in concentration, color and odor of urine and others mentioned above, urgently contact your veterinarian.
Symptoms and effects of a tick bite in a dog
What symptoms will appear if a dog is bitten by a tick? Often, the animal is worried about this: it itches, shakes its head if a tick has climbed into the ear. What does the bite site look like? Most often, at the site of the bite, two to three hours after the removal of the parasite, there is a pronounced local redness, which gradually goes away on its own. The basis of the skin reaction is allergy. The severity of symptoms depends on the type of tick, the duration of its suction, weather conditions over the past two weeks and the state of the animal’s immunity.
In the photo. a mark from a tick bite in a dog
Clinical signs are swelling, increasing radially from the center, increased skin temperature in this area, redness, itching and pain. The animal licks and combs the bite site. In some cases, on the second day after removing the tick, granulomatous dermatitis begins.
If a bump appears at the site of the bite, this may be the result of an allergy to the parasite’s saliva or infection of the wound. At the site of the bump, hair may fall out, the dog reacts painfully to touching it.
Purulent inflammation at the site of the bite appears due to the introduction of pyogenic microbes into the open wound. Thorough antibacterial treatment is required and, if necessary, the introduction of antihistamines. Another reason for the bump is the tick head remaining in the wound. This is very dangerous. the remains of the tick begin to decompose and cause blood poisoning. See a doctor right away. minor local surgery will be required.