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What dogs can and cannot eat

What nuts can and cannot be given to dogs?

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Everyone knows that nuts are healthy, since nature has endowed them with a large amount of vitamins, amino acids, and minerals. Nuts are recommended for children and the elderly, the latest WHO recommendations allow pregnant women to use them if they are not allergic to nuts. It would seem that you can add such a useful product to the diet of a four-legged family member, but everything is not as simple as it seems. Anything that can be beneficial to humans can be fatal to a dog.


Refers to the number of safe products. The only potential danger is the possibility of developing allergies. Both people and animals are equally susceptible to it. Therefore, peanuts should be given with caution to dog breeds that are genetically susceptible to allergies. These are mainly dogs that were bred by breeders, “artificial” breeds.

But even if your dog doesn’t have allergies, you shouldn’t give him too many peanuts. It is fatty, and the high fat content of food increases the likelihood of pathologies of the animal’s pancreas, which can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, and inflammation of the pancreas. When giving peanuts to a dog, it is best to choose unsalted and unroasted nuts.

It happens that the owner wants to please his pet with peanut products, for example, peanut butter. Please note that these products may contain xylitol (sugar substitute).

For humans, it is not dangerous, but for a dog it is toxic: metabolism and liver condition can be significantly affected.


This nut is also allowed. It is rich in sodium, vegetable protein, magnesium and phosphorus. The composition of the product promotes faster elimination of toxins and half-life products from the liver. Hazelnuts are given peeled, without shells. It helps to improve the condition of the coat, teeth, and has a positive effect on the dog’s immunity.

You should refrain from such treats if the dog has a tendency to allergies, diseases of the stomach, pancreas.

A large amount of hazelnuts can cause the development of urolithiasis, and therefore do not feed your pet with this product constantly.


It is believed that these delicious nuts are not suitable for dogs in principle. They cause malfunction of the pancreas, and the hard shell can injure the intestinal walls. Pistachio lovers know that in each pack you can find several nuts, which are covered with a barely noticeable layer of mold. This mold contains aflactoxin, which is deadly for the dog: it causes liver damage with rapid development of acute liver failure.


This product is valued by people for its high phosphorus, but it is this reason that is considered an undesirable circumstance for animals: the abundance of phosphorus disrupts phosphorus-calcium metabolism, the likelihood of developing kidney pathologies in the animal increases. If the dog eats fresh nuts, he may have diarrhea and vomiting, indigestion. If the dog gets a walnut with dried kernels, old, then poisoning with convulsions is possible.

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Which are prohibited for use?

There are nuts that are not indicated for animals in any quantity, as they can be dangerous. These include several options for treating.


This is another type of nuts that are allowed in limited quantities in order to please the four-legged pet. Nuts should be given chopped or ground. Otherwise, the dog may choke, since almonds are a fairly large nut.

It is clear that the product is not suitable for daily treats; almonds should be given to the dog “on holidays”. You should not feed them to dogs suffering from diseases of the stomach or intestines, frequent indigestion, constipation. The almonds you give your dog should be sweet. Bitter nuts are a great spice, but poisonous to the dog as the kernels contain cyanide.

loaf and flour products

The loaf itself is not a harmful product, but there is little benefit from it, since it contains only a large amount of carbohydrates. And with a large use of flour products, the animal can easily recover. It is better to sometimes give the loaf to the dog as a treat, 1-2 times a week, if the animal asks very much. But in general, all yeast products in dogs can cause flatulence.

25 Harmful Foods Your Puppy Shouldn’t Eat

This offal is the most fatty, and this is the difficulty in eating it for a dog. It is better to avoid using it, as in most cases it has a bad effect on the body.

Note! The udder is absolutely contraindicated in dogs that have problems with the liver, pancreas or cardiovascular system, as well as obese dogs. If you want to replenish the supply of fats in the animal’s body, then it is better to add liver, sour cream, cream to its diet.

What you shouldn’t feed your dog

Any sausage, smoked products, as well as canned food (not for dogs) are strictly prohibited. This also includes spices, spicy foods.

Also, you should not give your dog chocolate, the consequences of its use can be fatal. Alcoholic products, even jokingly, are also prohibited, this includes kvass due to its yeast content. Citrus products are not recommended due to their high allergenicity. And avocado contains a toxin that poisons the dog’s body. Lentils and legumes are not suitable for the diet due to the increased risk of gas formation. The effect of popcorn on the dog has not been studied, so it is also better to limit it.

Important! In any case, if the owner doubts the benefits of the product, then it is better not to give it, without first consulting the veterinarian.

Prohibited food for dogs, the owner should bypass the side and not even try to give it to the dog. Cat food is another item on this list, because the composition is absolutely not suitable for dogs.

What Dogs Eat: Prohibited and Permitted Daily Foods

Below are the products that will be useful for animals, and those that should not be given categorically.

Chicken heads

They can be consumed by dogs, but before that, the owner must properly process the offal. To do this, the chicken head should be removed from the beak, rinsed thoroughly and scalded. You can give it both raw and boiled. But it is better not to give to puppies, since the head contains bones, in the worst case it can be injured by it.

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Foods to Eat in Moderation

All offal should be consumed in moderation, using them only as a rare addition to the main diet. Also, berries should be consumed in moderation, as their excess provokes diarrhea.

Note! If you carefully analyze the dog’s diet, then we can conclude that any product should be given in moderation. This includes vegetables, fruits, dairy products, since any excess of the required dose will cause diarrhea or, conversely, constipation.

In moderation, it is allowed to eat watermelon, pear, melon, nectarine. Seafood such as fish, shrimp, mussels are also good for the diet. But it is better to limit pasta altogether, as source of carbohydrates, cereals, for example, millet, are more suitable.


Mushrooms are a difficult product even for the human body, and the dog is definitely not adapted to digest such a product. It is better to protect the animal and avoid such products, so the answer to the question of whether dogs can have mushrooms is categorically no. Mushrooms are not suitable for a dog either boiled, fried or canned. It is easier to poison them than to replenish the balance of nutrients in the body. This includes both ordinary champignons and chanterelles, honey mushrooms, oyster mushrooms.

What offal are good for dogs

By-products are useful for the body, since the composition contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals. At the same time, it is not worth feeding the dog with such products too often, 2-3 times a week. They should not be the main component of the diet, but only a 10 percent supplement. It is advisable, before introducing offal into the diet, to make sure that the dog does not have food intolerances to these foods.

The heart is best suited, since in its composition it is close to meat, and it is unlikely that the dog will have problems digesting it. Beef tongue has the same characteristics, so it is also well tolerated by animals.

Important! In small quantities, you can give kidneys, chicken stomachs, liver, cut into small pieces, while observing the condition of the dog. If you experience constipation or diarrhea, then such products should be canceled.

The benefits of cheese for the dog

Cheese can be given in small amounts, as this will enrich the dog’s body with calcium. But for this, cheeses with a little m of salt, mostly hard ones, are suitable. This includes Adyghe, Russian, Dutch cheeses. It is best to give these treats while training your dog. In any case, blue cheeses, smoked and salted cheeses such as feta are contraindicated.

If the owner doubts the benefits of cheese, then it is better to give your pet cottage cheese. It will definitely not affect the dog’s body badly if you mix it in food in the amount of 2-3 tbsp. spoons.

Animal products

Dogs are carnivores and meat-eaters. But not all meat products are equally healthy. So, animals cannot be fed:

  • Fish, chicken, tubular bones. Shards damage the digestive tract, can get stuck between the teeth, in the throat, and lead to suffocation.
  • Raw river fish. The risk of infection with helminths, injury with small bones.
  • With milk. Absorbed only by puppies, causes diarrhea in adult pets.
  • Raw chicken eggs. The enzyme avidin inhibits the synthesis and absorption of vitamin B1, which leads to diseases of the skin and coat. Salmonella damage is also possible.
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loaf and flour products

Many owners sometimes allow their pets to feast on buns or cookies. Yeast, which is present in almost all flour products, very often causes flatulence. Dogs fed on buns can also have sore eyes and bad teeth. If you want to pamper your pet, then you can give some dried crackers as a treat.

Dangerous Foods Your Dog Should Never Eat

It will also be interesting for you to read about whether it is possible to give a dog pasta.

What is recommended to feed your pet

The list of permitted foods that are safe to feed to dogs include:

  • meat (chicken, beef, lamb, pork), but always boiled. Raw meat can contain parasites or pathogens. You can use ground beef or chicken. In this case, the lamb must be given carefully. It is allowed to feed by-products: neck, lungs, limbs (for example, chicken legs), as well as liver;
  • fish. You just need to know what kind of fish dogs can eat. It is allowed to give representatives of the salmon family (for example, pink salmon, hake, river trout, etc.). The rest of the species should be added to the diet carefully and only after a 20-minute boil. Some species of fish in the head and internal organs contain enzymes (for example, thiaminase) that destroy vitamins or provoke the development of ailments. This is why not all types of fish can be fed to domestic dogs;
  • cereals (for example, rice);
  • vegetables: carrots, lettuce, spinach, pumpkin;
  • fruits and berries: banana, pear, melon;
  • peanut butter.

These products can be given to all breeds. But there is food that is added to the diet in moderation.

Foods to Eat in Moderation

What dogs can and cannot eat

Unlike humans, dogs are predators, not omnivores. Dogs should not be fed most foods that humans eat without problems.

They disrupt the work of internal organs, lead to systemic diseases, acute poisoning. And some food can cause death.

The diet of a four-legged pet should be as close as possible to the diet of its ancestors. wolves. It includes everything that the pet can get itself in the wild.

Master’s table products, fried foods

Feeding pets from the master’s table can lead to obesity and diseases of internal organs. Check out what mistakes can be made by owners of tetrapods.

Spicy, salty, smoked products, spices and seasonings

The gastrointestinal tract of the dog is not resistant to spicy, salty and smoked foods. This food contains a lot of salt and fat, which can cause pancreatitis in the animal.

Also, spicy, salty and seasoned food can cause increased thirst, threatening expansion of the stomach and volvulus. Plus, spices can ruin your dog’s sense of smell.