home Article What food is better to feed a German shepherd

What food is better to feed a German shepherd

The intensity of exercise and temperament. the importance in the preparation of the diet

If you really want to feed your German Shepherd properly, then you shouldn’t look for universal, simple, and even more so quick ways to formulate a diet. Food is source of energy for the body and every cell. Some cells need proteins, others need carbohydrates, others need calcium, etc. It is simply unrealistic to calculate the required amount of each substance in a dog’s diet, but there are general provisions on which to rely:

  • Proteins. up to 70% of the diet. Animal proteins, i.e. meat without fat, skin and bones. Dairy products, eggs and meat by-products. Proteins are the building blocks of blood cells and muscle tissue.
  • Carbohydrates. no more than 40% of the diet. Cereals are absorbed slowly and feed the dog’s body with energy for a long time, but there is no significant benefit from them, therefore porridge is considered a “filler”. Carbohydrates are source of nutrition and heating of the body, therefore, in the cold season, a slight increase in their mass fraction in the diet will not harm, provided that the dog is of normal weight. Fiber, vitamins and fast carbohydrates. vegetables and fruits. Most often, vegetables are considered as an additive to porridge, and fruits as a delicacy. Fiber plays an important role in the proper functioning of the intestines, which means the absorption of nutrients in general.
  • Fats. 20-40% of the diet, both animal and vegetable.

As you can see, the framework is very vague and involves taking into account the individual needs of the dog. Be that as it may, there is one inviolable law: the only thing that will not harm the body of the ward in any quantities is proteins, the rest of the products must be treated individually. By the way, only proteins, that is, meat, cannot be fed to a dog either. Consider the temperament of your pet, choleric people need to move a lot, which means that they need more carbohydrates. Sanguine people need more protein and less fat. For melancholic people, protein and quickly digestible carbohydrate foods are positioned.

food, better, feed, german, shepherd

The next nuance is loads. Winter has come and you began to walk less. reduce the calorie content of the diet. You need to go to the show, which means that the dog will experience prolonged stress. strengthen the diet. The tailed beast has monotonous work, for example, searching or patrolling. increase the mass fraction of carbohydrates and proteins, and reduce fats to a minimum. These “wisdom” are complicated only in theory, in fact, each owner eventually gains experience and feeds the dog intuitively.

Natural diet

“Natural” is more familiar to many experienced dog owners. It is believed that natural food is better and easier for the dog to digest. By the way, manufacturers of industrial feeds do not argue with this fact either, since the main “measure” of the quality of their products is the maximum closeness to natural food. The natural diet of the German Shepherd is a varied diet of raw and cooked foods. Representatives of the breed are prone to food allergies and if your pet has such an ailment, there are 2 options. to identify and exclude allergens from the diet or feed the dog with hypoallergenic industrial food.

  • Beef, lean pork (boiled), chicken, lean goose, turkey without bones, skin and fat. Meat offal. trachea, tripe, heart, beef udder (boiled). It is advisable to exclude kidneys, liver only in small amounts.
  • Ocean fish is lean, boiled or raw after deep freezing. When feeding raw fish, you need to take into account its boneiness. Oceanic fish only boiled, deboned.
  • Milk. provided that the product does not provoke intestinal upset.
  • Dairy products. any, preferably natural, without dyes and additives. Homemade (fatty) and calcined cottage cheese.
  • Chicken and quail eggs. not every day. Raw (passed veterinary control), boiled, in the form of an omelet.
  • Cereals. optimally buckwheat and rice; with a lack of weight, barley and wheat groats; with excess weight pearl barley; infrequently. oatmeal.
  • Vegetables. any that the dog likes in any form. Only fresh potatoes, boiled cabbage, stewed or poached; only raw corn (including frozen convenience foods), in small quantities.
  • Fruit. anything except exotic. If the dog loves citrus fruits and does not suffer from allergies. only as a treat, a little and rarely. Apricots, plums and peaches can trigger diarrhea.
  • Berries. mountain ash, currants in small quantities.
  • Nuts and seeds. peeled pumpkin seeds, pine nuts, cashews; rarely. almonds.
  • Vegetable oils.
  • Additives. food yeast, bone meal, feed tricalcium phosphate, vitamin-containing oils (A, B, D), salt in small amounts.
  • Tubular and prickly bones. You can only spongy bones, but they do not carry much benefit, rather, on the contrary, they harm the teeth of an adult dog. Moslaki are relevant only during the period of changing teeth, like a toy.
  • Chocolate and any sweets and foods containing sweeteners, especially xylitol.
  • Flour products. buns (especially yeast dough), pasta.
  • Sausage products and semi-finished meat products.
  • Semolina, corn porridge, millet.
  • Legumes. no harm, but no benefit. Peanuts are the only legume product that can be considered healthy (in reasonable amounts).
  • Grapes and raisins.
  • Walnuts, pistachios, acorns.
  • Any spices.

Age division. young, adult and older dog

The German Shepherd Dog, up to 1 year old is considered a puppy and a teenager. An actively growing dog needs a heightened diet, plenty of calcium and vitamins. However, it is a mistake to believe that as soon as the pet is one year old, all problems will go away. The four-legged still has to go through the stage of maturation and only after it will become an adult.

Albeit not so actively, but the shepherd physically develops up to 3 years of age. The growth at the withers remains almost unchanged, but the skeleton expands and gets stronger, the dog gains muscle mass, becomes calmer, slightly changes the color of the coat. At the stage of maturation, the pet no longer needs so many carbohydrates and fats, but proteins and vitamins are still important. The feeding of the German Shepherd Dog at the age of 1-3 years should remain vigorous but rational.

Further, the period of adulthood begins, from 3 to 6 years. This is the most stable period when the German Shepherd’s diet becomes monotonous. The pet chooses his favorite products, and the “novelties” on the menu lose their significance. Usually at this stage, pedigree dogs acquire offspring. A bitch carrying and rearing puppies needs an increased diet. Sheepdog should receive vitamin supplements during the recovery period after childbirth, at least 12 months.

Only a few of the representatives of the breed live longer than 12-13 years, therefore the age of 6 years is already considered respectable. At this stage of life, the owner should make every effort to reduce the risks of age-related ailments, especially diseases of the musculoskeletal system. To stimulate the renewal of bone and cartilage tissues, there are special preparations containing chondroprotectors. An elderly shepherd should receive a diet rich in protein, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamins. It is also worth revising the exercise regimen.

How and what to feed an adult German Shepherd. Details about proper nutrition

Raising a puppy whose health and well-being is almost entirely entrusted to the owner is quite difficult. The owner is afraid to make mistakes, to harm the ward, but after 3-4 months the fear of novelty goes away. A grown, strengthened pet pleases the eye and arouses the envy of passers-by, but positive emotions are replaced by new concerns. how to preserve the health of the ward and protect him from breed ailments? The care, care and love of the owner means a lot, but if the owner does not properly feed the adult German Shepherd, the pet will certainly suffer, sooner or later.

Industrial ration

Choosing dry food for the German Shepherd, you need to understand that the industrial type of food is radically different from the natural one. It is believed that “natural” and “drying” cannot be mixed, although this statement is not substantiated, veterinarians note that on a mixed diet, dogs often suffer from ailments of the gastrointestinal tract. At the same time, “drying” and industrial canned food can be mixed. Further, when choosing food, we do not listen to the seller, but read the composition:

  • There should not be a lot of protein in the “drying”, up to 30-50%.
  • Granules should not be greasy, with the exception of products for lactating bitches and small puppies.
  • Quality feed contains no soy or beans, but contains cereals.
  • Good food is never green or red (other colors).
  • The feed should be sold in packaging, and not by weight. this is an important condition, since delayed feed and damp feed are often mixed in a common container.
  • Choose locally sourced or imported products. refrain from licensed feed. The trademark is always written on the packaging and its actual location is also indicated by the country of origin. If you see that the company is located in the USA, and the feed is produced, for example, in Poland, this is a licensed product. Not always, but quite often, licensed feed is inferior in quality to imported “analogue”.
  • German shepherds kept on dry food often suffer from tartar. once a week, the dog needs to be treated with a special treat or boiled cartilage.
  • The food is higher in calories than “natural”, so it is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendations related to the daily rate, based on the needs of the dog.
  • The breed is characterized by a sharp reaction to inappropriate food. the symptoms are similar to poisoning. As a rehabilitation, the pet should be transferred to a light diet consisting of boiled meat, rice and vegetables.

Mass advertising and touting each feed in every way can lead to a number of doubts. If you have never faced the choice of industrial feed, you may be shocked by the difference in pricing policy. The first thing you need to focus on when choosing a product is the composition, the second is the class:

  • Economy. Pedigree, Chappi, Darling and others. not recommended for German Shepherds.
  • Premium. Advance, Bozita, Brit Premium, Purina Dog Chow and Pro Plan, Nutra Nuggets and more. suitable for daily feeding of adult dogs.
  • Premium. Royal Canin, Nutra Gold, Pronature Original, Hills, Happy dog, Brit Care and others. suitable for daily feeding, young and old dogs, pregnant and lactating bitches.
  • Super premium. Arden Grange, Nutra Gold, Bosch, Belcando, 1st Choice and others. for daily feeding, actively growing, pregnant and lactating, age, dogs with sensitive digestion and prone to overweight.
  • Holistic. Acana, Orijen, Pronature Holistic, Chicken Soup, Taste of the Wild and others. for allergy sufferers, the elderly, young and pregnant, dogs suffering from chronic diseases, prone to health problems and weight gain.

What you can’t feed a German shepherd

For the German Shepherd, the taboo foods are:

  • bones (prickly, tubular) harm the teeth (with the exception of mosles, they are needed during the period when the teeth change, as a toy);
  • chocolate and sweets (anything with sweeteners);
  • flour (baked goods, yeast, pasta);
  • sausages, semi-finished meat products;
  • corn porridge, millet, semolina;
  • legumes (they are not harmful and not useful, the exception is peanuts. they are useful in moderation);
  • raisins, grapes;
  • pistachios, walnuts, acorns;
  • spice.

The diet of a German shepherd should not contain chicken bones, sausages, spices.

How many times to feed a German shepherd

Up to a year, a dog is considered a puppy. In 1 year the dog will increase.

It is important to know how much to feed your pet per day:

  • 30-60 days. 1 glass of food (6 meals);
  • 60-90 days. 1.5 cups of food (5 meals);
  • 90-120 days. write 5 glasses (4 doses);
  • 0.5-1 years. 8 glasses of food (3 meals);
  • 1 year. a conditionally adult dog, can eat twice a day.

Exercise intensity and temperament

The dog cannot be fed only with meat, the shepherd’s menu should be varied.

The diet directly depends on the dog’s lifestyle.

You also need to take into account the pet’s temperament:

  • energetic and “live” choleric shepherd dogs need energy for movement, so the amount of carbohydrates in their diet should be slightly more than average;
  • Positive and sociable sanguine dogs need less fat and protein;
  • melancholic people need proteins and carbohydrates that are quickly absorbed.

Physical activity is a separate topic. In winter, dogs living in an apartment tend to walk less, so it is important to reduce the calorie content of foods. If the dog is stressed, then the diet should be strengthened. If a dog guards a house or object in winter, then the amount of food is increased for him.

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How to feed a German Shepherd: healthy and forbidden foods

To raise a healthy puppy, the dog owner must take responsibility. At first, the new owner may be afraid to harm the pet, but after a couple of weeks or months, the experience of feeding the dog appears, and the fear disappears. An older puppy evokes positive emotions, but in order to raise a powerful, healthy and strong friend, it is necessary to provide him with good nutrition.

German Shepherd Diet

To properly feed a shepherd, you need to remember that food is energy for the body.

Therefore, it must be borne in mind that the pet’s diet should include:

  • proteins (up to 70%), most of them are of animal origin (but without fat, bones, skin), meat offal, dairy products, eggs;
  • carbohydrates (up to 40%) are useful because they are absorbed for a long time and give energy over a long period, which is extremely important in the cold season;
  • vitamins, fiber, fruits, vegetables;
  • fats (up to 20-40%).

What to feed your German Shepherd puppy

Overfeeding your puppy will create unnecessary fat. Therefore, it is necessary that the portions contain a minimum of fat, and the food should be within the normal range for its weight.

The German Shepherd should be given a limited amount of calcium because overdose leads to mutations or complications. Check with your veterinarian for calcium requirements for your dog.

IMPORTANT: Feed the dog at the same time. Deviation from the schedule is up to half an hour. The German Shepherd has a small stomach, so large portions are harmful to health and can cause death.

Food should be warm. It is forbidden to give hot and cold. Also, the pet should always have access to a bowl of clean water. It is better when there is a stand that raises food to chest level (this is necessary for the proper development of the musculoskeletal system).

The puppy’s diet should include meat, scalded or frozen.

What you can’t feed a puppy is:

  • potatoes;
  • legumes;
  • sweets (any confectionery) and chocolate;
  • smoked meats, sausages;
  • salted and pickled foods and spices.

IMPORTANT: Dry food can be fed from three weeks of age. In the same period, introduce new products for the pet: porridge with milk, dry minced meat, vegetable soup, cottage cheese, kefir.

How to feed a dog by age

Puppy and teenager. a dog under 1 year old. During this period, the pet is actively growing, so it needs a lot of vitamins and calcium. To know how to feed a German Shepherd, it is important to be sure you know the age of the animal: you need to feed carefully. And introduce new foods into the diet little by little.

The diet of a German shepherd should be dominated by animal proteins.

Physically, a shepherd dog develops up to the age of three years. At the same time, growth at the withers does not change, but the skeleton expands, muscle mass is gained, the color of the coat changes slightly. After 1 year, the pet does not need an abundance of fats, carbohydrates, but proteins and vitamins are important.

  • Feeding a shepherd dog under the age of 3 must be rational.
  • At 3-6 years old, the diet may become more monotonous. At this time, the dog already has favorite foods, and some new food is not so important.
  • A pregnant female needs a varied diet. Be sure to give her vitamins when carrying a fetus and during the recovery period.
  • It is important for elderly pets to carry out disease prevention, paying special attention to the condition of the musculoskeletal system. To stimulate the process of regeneration and renewal of bones and cartilage, you need to give your pet drugs with chondroprotectors.

IMPORTANT: Add foods with protein, potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins to the senior dog’s menu.

How to feed an adult German shepherd: natural foods allowed

It is best to feed your dog natural foods. They are better absorbed by the body. The German Shepherd should be fed raw and cooked foods. But they often have allergies. Therefore, it is important to introduce new food gradually.

From time to time, the Shepherd is given raw mosles for brushing his teeth.

  • lean (boiled) pork;
  • beef;
  • bird;
  • boiled meat offal;
  • lean fish without bones;
  • milk can be drunk if diarrhea does not occur;
  • choose fat cottage cheese;
  • eggs can be given quail or chicken (1-2 times a week, preferably boiled);
  • cereals, cereals;
  • vegetables (any that the pet eats, raw or boiled);
  • fresh potatoes;
  • cabbage. boiled;
  • raw corn;
  • any local fruits (exotic taboo), but you should eat less plums, peaches, apricots;
  • pumpkin seeds, pine nuts, sometimes almonds;
  • from time to time give rowan, currant;
  • add vegetable oils and salt to meat and porridge (the latter in small doses).

How to feed your German Shepherd. the right diet

German shepherd nutrition should be taken very seriously, especially if you are the proud owner of a very small puppy. Only under the condition of a properly selected diet will your pet grow energetic and healthy, develop correctly and bring a minimum of problems.

German Shepherd puppy. the basis of the diet

In order for a small puppy to become a strong healthy dog, he needs proper nutrition from the very beginning of life. Like most newborn animals, a shepherd needs breast milk from birth, so when choosing a pet, you should give preference to those who have already lost the habit of the nurse. If you get a dog while you are still very small, you will have to feed it yourself. In this case, feeding a German shepherd puppy should be done according to the following principles:

  • The first fourteen days of a puppy’s life, it is necessary to feed it only with milk using a baby bottle, a syringe without a needle or pipette, quite often, but in small portions. Milk should be given warmed up to 27-30 degrees, goat, cow or sheep will do. The daily amount of food should be 2/3 cup. It is important that feedings take place at the same time at regular intervals.
  • After your puppy is two weeks old, start gradually increasing the portions, while reducing the number of meals to six. The daily volume of food must be brought to two glasses over time.
  • In a month, the pet’s diet is enriched with meat, cereals, cottage cheese, soups and vegetable purees.
  • From two months to four, the shepherd should eat five times a day, the daily food intake is 3-3.5 glasses. From four months, the number of meals is reduced to four, its daily volume increases to a liter. After six months, the dog should eat three times a day, the food rate is up to 1.5 liters. In the year, the shepherd is transferred to two meals a day.

With regard to what to feed a German shepherd puppy, there can be two options. traditional, natural food or ready-made (dry, canned food). Each of these options has its own merits. If you take ready-made food, you will no longer need to think over the menu and waste time on cooking. However, such feeds are not always balanced, especially when it comes to cheap ones. In terms of quality, they can meet the needs of the dog, however, their cost is quite high.

When feeding your pet natural food, you will know exactly what it is eating. In addition, real meat cannot be replaced by any, even the highest quality feed. The main disadvantage of this type of food is the time required.

The owner of the shepherd dog must carefully ensure that his pet receives all the necessary substances with food. Protein should be about thirty percent of your daily requirement. A dog needs about 16 grams of fat per kilogram of live weight, and a dog needs 2.5 grams of fat.

It is important to monitor the amount of calcium in the diet of a shepherd dog. Since its excess in this particular breed can cause pathologies in development. For this reason, puppies should not be given vitamins that contain calcium. An excess of vitamins A and D is also undesirable.

Main products for a shepherd puppy:

  • Meat. You can give a puppy almost all types of meat. pork (but not fatty), poultry, beef, horse meat. To better digest the meat, it is better to divide its daily allowance into parts and give them at different meals. It is better to give poultry to puppies under two months of age only boiled. From four months, it is allowed to include offal on the menu. All their types, except for the liver, can be given raw, while it is desirable to grind them, so they will be absorbed much better. Raw bones are allowed to be offered to dogs from one and a half months. However, they must be large enough that the puppy cannot chew them.
  • Fish. You can enter this product from four months. It is allowed to offer it no more than a couple of times a week. On the days when you give your pet fish, meat should be discarded. It is best to use marine fish species, river fish can also be given, but only in boiled form.
  • Eggs. They are allowed every three to four days and only boiled.
    Dairy products. For shepherd dogs of any age, cottage cheese, homemade yogurt, fermented baked milk, kefir are perfect.
  • Porridge. They can be cooked with milk or water. Rice, millet, oatmeal, oatmeal and buckwheat porridge are considered the most useful, but it is better to refuse semolina. it often leads to intestinal blockages.
  • Vegetables and fruits. You can start giving them from one and a half months in any form. The most suitable are carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage, beets. Fruit can be offered as a delicacy, no more than three times a week and in small quantities. It is recommended to add very little vegetable oil to vegetables, especially carrots; before serving, it is advisable to finely chop or grate them.

Additionally, the puppy needs to be given mineral supplements, as well as vitamins.

How to feed an adult shepherd

The diet of shepherd dogs must be closely monitored. It practically does not differ from the diet of an adult puppy, which was described above. The German Shepherd should be fed twice a day. Such a meal schedule is necessary to facilitate the digestion and digestion of food.

You can feed the shepherd dog both natural food and feed. Both of these methods are good in their own way. Which one to choose, the owner must decide on his own based on the presence or absence of free time, financial capabilities and, of course, the preferences of the pet.

Those who are determined to feed the dog food as the main food should know that only super premium and premium food can provide the dog with the maximum amount of all the necessary substances. At the moment, there are many types of such products, even designed specifically for shepherd dogs.

It is important to remember that shepherd dogs that eat food need more water than those that eat natural food. Therefore, make sure that the bowl of such a dog is always filled with water. If you decide to transfer your pet to regular food or, conversely, from natural food to dry food, this must be done smoothly (the transition should take at least a week).

For those who are concerned about how to feed a German shepherd with natural food, we can advise you to do it according to the following scheme:

  • 1/3 of the daily food volume is meat. You can give it fresh, scalded or boiled. It can be replaced with fish once a week.
  • 1/3 of the daily amount of food. dairy products and vegetables. Whole milk often causes diarrhea in adult shepherd dogs. If your pet also reacts negatively to it, it is better to exclude this product.
  • 1/3 of the daily amount of food. porridge. First of all, you should pay attention to buckwheat, millet and rice.

What food to choose for a German shepherd?

The jealous ancestors of the German Shepherd were German Shepherds, which in turn descended from bronze dogs. a cross between an Indian wolf and a European dog. This breed was specially bred by German breeder Max von Stefanitz.

He spent many years in search of the perfect male, who was to become the father of the most devoted, intelligent and trained breed. And in 1899 he found such a male. Since that time, the breeding of this breed has developed very rapidly. Today the German Shepherd is the ideal dog for service, friendship and protection. If you are looking for a brave and loyal friend, then you will not find a better animal.

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Like any other breed, shepherd dogs have their own distinctive features of appearance:

  • adult male weight. 30-40 kg, bitches. 20-32 kg;
  • the growth of an adult male is 60-66 cm, bitches. 55-60 cm;
  • the shape of the head is wedge-shaped, moderately widened in the area of ​​the ears, the skull and muzzle are the same in length;
  • developed jaws, powerful bite;
  • dark lips, close to the jaws;
  • the nose must be black;
  • powerful and muscular neck;
  • the back is strong, with developed muscles;
  • wide chest;
  • pronounced withers;
  • the front legs are parallel to each other, straight, rounded;
  • the elbows are not turned out and not brought together, the forearms are strong;
  • the hind legs are parallel to each other, with the thighs and legs almost the same in size;
  • ears. sharp and triangular, stand clearly vertically forward with shells, but in a state of active movement or rest, they can be laid back;
  • fluffy tail on the inside, gently curved.

The correspondence and proportionality of body parts, their size and characteristics determines the breed, as well as its purebredness. In addition to the physique, the coat is also important. The German Shepherd Dog is dense, tough and short, and has a good undercoat. The color of the dog is also important in determining the authenticity of the breed. The color of the shepherd dogs can be in the following variants:

  • gray with a dark mask and cloak;
  • black with yellow, gray and light brown markings;
  • completely black.

At the same time, the undercoat, regardless of the main color, is always gray.

The German Shepherd is the standard of friendship and loyalty

The disposition of German shepherds is characterized only by positive qualities:

  • stable psyche, strong nervous system;
  • they are easy to learn and train;
  • calmness and fearlessness;
  • activity;
  • devotion.

The desire to serve their master is one of the distinguishing traits of the character of shepherd dogs. Your pet will not only be happy to serve you, but also just go for a walk together. With the right approach, they are very easy to educate and train, since the Germans are by nature very intelligent and easy to learn.

For a German Shepherd, there is nothing better and more fun than following your man’s commands or learning something new from him. If you have such a four-legged friend next to you, then you can be sure of your own safety. When a German feels that you are in danger, he will wait for the appropriate command from you, while he will not think for a second about whether he has equal forces with his opponent.

Courage, willingness to sacrifice to save the owner, and endless dedication are what makes this breed unique. A German is a child’s best friend, to whom he will be ready to give his love, care and even his life.

You can endlessly talk about the positive character of these four-legged brothers. The only thing that a person should not forget. this is what the sheepdog needs in the company of its owner. If the dog is deprived of attention for a long time, then it begins to feel bored and may even get sick.

Rules for choosing food for your dog

The German Shepherd is an active and cheerful breed. This behavior requires a balanced diet and sufficient energy for the animal to feel good and have no health problems.

No matter how much you want to choose the ingredients for your pet’s daily diet on your own, you will not be able to accurately calculate the amount of active substances and trace elements. This can be fraught with the wrong balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, which can lead to underweight or obesity.

In specialized dog food, the amount and mass fraction of each micronutrient necessary for the healthy growth and development of the dog is clearly balanced. The consumed feed rate per day is calculated based on the weight of the German Shepherd Dog according to the ratio per 1 kg of weight.

Shepherd dogs should be fed with premium and super premium dry food. It is these foods that contain everything you need for your pet’s health:

  • Royal Canin;
  • Hill’s;
  • Nutra mix;
  • Acana.

Each dry food manufacturer divides its products into separate types, based on the age of the animal, the degree of its activity, sensitivity to the composition, as well as chronic diseases. Only taking into account all the features of the growth, development and health of the dog can you provide it with a complete and balanced diet.

When choosing dry food for your pet, you should adhere to several rules:

  • food must correspond to the age characteristics of the dog;
  • meat should be in the first place in the list of ingredients;
  • the feed must be free from synthetic preservatives;
  • feed should only be in its original packaging.

When deciding what to feed your German Shepherd, do not be too lazy to evaluate each food in detail in order to choose the one that suits your pet.

What cereals can a German shepherd puppy have??

In order for the porridge to be useful for the dog, it can be prepared using a special technology, choosing the cereal most suitable for the German shepherd. Buckwheat and rice are considered to be the best for feeding, you can also give crushed oatmeal, barley, wheat porridge. The most suitable option may be to prepare a platter of cereals.

Is it possible to feed the Spitz only dry food?

Dry food can be given to a puppy from 2 months of age, soaking it with water. From 3-4 months, the food can not be soaked, and make sure that the pet always has fresh water.

Is it possible to feed a shepherd dog dry food?

If you are feeding your dog good quality dry food and following the feeding guidelines, there is no need to include other foods in its diet. As a variety, you can give the dog ready-made wet food of the same class as the food.

What food for a German shepherd?

Is it possible to alternate dry food and natural food for dogs?

But despite the fact that physiologically there are no contraindications to mixed feeding, at least they have not yet been identified, doubts about whether it is possible to alternate dry food and natural food remain, only they are associated with completely different risks.

How many grams should food be given to a Pug puppy?

For pugs older than six months, the amount of food is halved. Three and a half percent of the total mass is enough for them. A dog weighing ten kilograms a day will need 350 grams of natural food. Two-thirds of the entire serving should be meat products.

How much dry food to give a German shepherd?

On average, dogs of large breeds (for example, German Shepherd, weight from 40 kg) consume 500 g of premium food and 700-800 g of economy food per day.

What to feed your German Shepherd puppy

Like all breeds, puppyhood is the most important period of life in German Shepherds. At this time, there is intense growth, maximum weight gain, the development of bones and muscles. Therefore, it is very important to make a correct, balanced diet and understand how to feed your German Shepherd puppy.

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Experts have identified the most successful food scheme:

  • From the 1st month to the 2nd. six meals a day, one glass of food per day.
  • Up to three months of age. five meals, only one and a half glasses.
  • Under the age of six months. four meals a day, 1 liter of food per day.
  • From 6 months to a year. three meals a day, 0.5 liters at a time.

A one-year-old pet is already considered an adult and is transferred to two meals a day. If you give a puppy a large amount of food at three to four months, then by the year the pet will develop obesity. And this will have a detrimental effect on the health of the dog, especially on the development of the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, the increase in food should be due to foods containing a lot of proteins and as little fat and carbohydrates as possible.

In addition, care should be taken to ensure that the puppy does not receive too much calcium with its food. German Shepherd Dogs React To Excess Calcium With Various Mutational Changes And Future Health Problems.

How to feed your shepherd dog with ready-made dry food

Nutritional questions may be raised by dog ​​owners, as the German Shepherd is a large animal that requires a sufficient amount of food.

As with other dogs, there are two options for this. natural food or dry prepared food. Breeding specialists have already determined that dry food is better for the pet and more convenient for the owner. This type of food has certain advantages:

  • ready-made feed can be stored for a long time;
  • it is convenient to take food with you on the road, even a long one;
  • a pet, even a large one, needs a small amount of food at a time.

There are several types of feed that can be used for feeding. And what kind of food to feed the German shepherd chooses each independently:

If the owners of the German Shepherd choose dry types of food as their pet food, then they must make sure that the dog receives only the necessary amount of food and consumed enough water, which they are deprived of.

It is worth knowing that some manufacturers indicate a higher class of food, although it does not meet existing standards and norms, so you should only buy food from proven brands that have positive recommendations from large dog breeders.

However, some veterinarians still believe that a natural, well-balanced diet is best for the German Shepherd.

Natural products for feeding a thoroughbred pet

Such food is really considered healthy, despite the fact that a lot of time will be spent on its preparation. It is no secret that dogs do not need a dietary variety, but at the same time their food should contain all the necessary, vital elements.

A third of a German Shepherd’s diet should be meat, source of animal protein. It is best to give your pet raw, cut into small pieces, but you can replace it with boiled one. But it is better to refuse minced meat, since it is characterized by poor digestibility. You need to choose lean types of meat. beef, horse meat, lean lamb. Pork is not recommended and is even somewhat banned.

By-products are quite acceptable in the diet. beef liver, heart, stomachs, lungs, but they can only be given boiled.

German Shepherd Dogs can be offered bones, even puppies are shown sugar bones. They help to train the jaw muscles and also prevent the formation of dental plaque. Only they must be necessarily raw, since boiled bones can provoke constipation in an animal. Do not give your pet a long bone, as it can lead to perforation of the stomach.

A large amount of nutrients dogs receive from fish. Its nutritional value is much lower than meat products, as a result of which a one-time portion of fish should be at least 1.5 times larger. You do not need to give it to your pet every day, just one or two times a week. For puppies, fish are cleaned of bones, but adult pets can use the product with them. It is recommended to give the marine species of fish raw, but it is better to subject the river fish to heat treatment, since it is often a carrier of parasites.

A couple of times a week, the owner can give the German shepherd hard-boiled eggs or yolks, but raw. Raw egg whites are practically not absorbed by the dog’s digestive system.

It is recommended for dogs of this breed to include dairy products in the diet. kefir, cottage cheese, yogurt can make up a third of all food. Whole milk is given only to puppies, the body of an adult animal does not digest it well.

The pet’s daily menu includes cereals, but in small quantities. It can be rice, buckwheat, millet, oatmeal. It is not recommended to feed your puppy a loaf, especially a fresh white loaf. For dogs, crackers made from gray or rye flour are best.

Many members of this breed are good at eating fruits and vegetables. It is better to give them raw, in a chopped form. Suitable for feeding are carrots, pumpkin, Jerusalem artichoke, cabbage, beets. Finely chopped greens can be added to the dog’s meals as an additional source of vitamins.

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Fruit for the German Shepherd should be a special treat. So that all the nutrients contained in them are better absorbed, you can add sour cream or vegetable (sunflower, olive, sesame) oil to the crushed fruits.

Feeding with natural products means adding special vitamin supplements to the diet. They are selected for the pet by a veterinarian.

How to feed a German shepherd

The German Shepherd is a breed of dog that can serve, be a watchman, companion, guide. Such versatility is due to the fact that these dogs are easy to train, unpretentious in keeping, restrained and perceptive. This breed has enjoyed particular popularity and love for more than a decade, and many people dream of having a German shepherd. And if the dream comes true, the owners of these excellent dogs begin to be interested in pressing problems, for example, how to feed a German shepherd.?

Basic rules for feeding a pet

In this case, it is required to comply with the general norms of feeding large dogs:

  • Meals should be regular. Food is given to the pet at the same time, for 15-20 minutes. All that is left in the bowl after the time has passed is excess food. It should be borne in mind that German Shepherds have a small stomach, so eating a large amount of food can lead to volvulus and even in some cases to death.
  • How many times to feed a German Shepherd? The best option is two meals a day, morning and evening.
  • Do not give cold or hot food. Food must be warm.
  • The dog must be provided with fresh water.
  • It is necessary to provide the pet with a special support for the bowls. It should be at the level of the pet’s sternum and contribute to the normal development of the musculoskeletal system.
  • The feed should have a thick consistency. The stomach of a dog is designed in such a way that it does not absorb liquid food well, so the thicker the better.

It is better to remove the following foods from the German Shepherd’s diet:

  • all flour (including pasta);
  • potatoes;
  • peas, beans, lentils;
  • confectionery, especially chocolate;
  • sausage products, smoked meats.

It is not recommended to give dogs salted, pickled foods, as well as seasoned with spices. It is worth sticking to only one type of food, since some enzymes are involved in the digestion of dry food, and completely different ones for the assimilation of natural food. The health and life expectancy of the pet depends on the correctly chosen nutrition, a balanced diet.

Maria, Moscow

“I noticed that from the age of three months my German woman began to itch a lot. I fed her according to all the rules: chicken broth, rice, buckwheat, millet, wheat, beef, beef bones, minced dog meat, a loaf. But then she noticed that the mother-in-law occasionally throws her sausage from the table, then smoked meats, then pasta. We went to the vet and it turned out she had a food allergy! Prescribed a tougher diet and vitamin supplements to relieve intoxication. Now everything is fine, but I had an educational conversation with my mother-in-law on the topic of PP in German shepherds) “.

What is not allowed

Nutritional advice can be given by the breeder or the club through which the dog was purchased. The following prohibited foods should be excluded from the menu:

  • flour, pasta including;
  • legumes;
  • potatoes;
  • sausages, sausages, smoked meats;
  • raw river fish;
  • pork;
  • confectionery;
  • pickles, pickled foods;
  • citrus;
  • spice;
  • grapes;
  • sorrel;
  • small and sharp bones of a bird. not absorbed in the body, damage the walls of the stomach, intestines.

Dry food for the German shepherd

Dry food is a popular feeding method. A number of undeniable advantages stand out. In dry form, the product has a long shelf life, the feed is easy to store and take with you. The daily rate will be small. It is possible to feed an adult German Shepherd with dry food of the indicated types:

If the owners have chosen dry food for the dog, it is required to keep the animal constant access to water and feed according to the norms. What kind of food to feed the German shepherd, the owner chooses independently. Some manufacturers indicate the wrong class of feed, carefully study the packaging, knowing how to distinguish a fake. Predominantly responsible owners choose super premium food.

Selected veterinarians believe that such food is harmful to the health of the dog, recommending a well-formulated diet from natural food. Perhaps the preconceived opinion is due to the dishonesty of the manufacturers.

Pet owners often ask if it is possible to feed a German Shepherd puppy with dry food. In the process of producing such products for pets, technologists try to take into account all the requirements and add vitamins, minerals and nutrients to the feed. Remember, “drying” is sometimes poorly absorbed, and the animal’s body is individual. Based on the foregoing, we note that it is allowed to feed animals with dry food, but in the early period of development, when dogs are supposed to consume extremely healthy and natural, dry food is undesirable.

How to feed a German shepherd?

To raise a healthy puppy, the dog owner must take responsibility. At first, the new owner may be afraid to harm the pet, but after a couple of weeks or months, the experience of feeding the dog appears, and the fear disappears. An older puppy evokes positive emotions, but in order to raise a powerful, healthy and strong friend, it is necessary to provide him with good nutrition.

The most useful products

The nutrition of the German Shepherd must be balanced. It is important to accurately maintain the proportions of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Fiber is required to normalize digestion. At the same time, animal proteins should prevail in the menu, providing muscle growth, bone density and the necessary energy. Among the essential components of the daily menu:

  • Meat and offal. The main source of protein required for carnivores. The dog should eat beef, veal, rabbit, poultry. Better to use lean fillets, second and third grade chunks containing cartilage and tendons. Lungs, liver, kidneys, lips, udder are useful. Meat is given raw, it is better to boil offal.
  • Cereals. It is recommended to include rice, oatmeal, buckwheat in the menu. It is best to choose foods that your dog is willing to eat. Groats are given in the form of thick cereals, which are added to meat and vegetables.
  • Eggs. Needed for both puppies and adult dogs, rich in easily digestible protein, containing sulfur, magnesium, B vitamins. Eggs are given at least 2 times a week, preferably boiled.
  • Dairy products. Very beneficial for bones, skin and coat. Homemade cottage cheese, curdled milk, yogurt without additives are best absorbed. Low-fat cheese can be given to your pet from time to time.
  • Vegetables and fruits. Sheepdogs are recommended zucchini, all types of cabbage, beets, pumpkin. You can add raw grated carrots to food, but the amount should be small.
  • Fats. Instead of animal fats, the dog should receive unrefined vegetable oils. They are added to the finished porridge, 0.5 tsp is enough per serving. If the animal has a tendency to diarrhea, it is better to refuse oil.

Good nutrition does not exclude a variety of goodies. When choosing what to pamper your dog with, you should give preference to dried fruits, small pieces of cheese or rye bread croutons. Industrial treats that the pet eats with great appetite are also suitable.

Feeding during pregnancy

If your dog is pregnant, her diet needs to be reviewed. Nutrition should be balanced and correct, however, a shepherd dog carrying puppies needs more phosphorus and calcium. For this reason, it is advisable to add more cheese and cottage cheese to the daily diet. Also, do not forget about fish, which now needs to be given 2-3 times a week.

How many times a day to feed a pregnant German Shepherd? At the beginning of pregnancy, we increase the number of meals up to 3 times a day. Around the eighth week, the daily ration includes four meals a day. The week before giving birth, the dog is fed 5-6 times a day.

In the second half of pregnancy, it is better to feed the shepherd dog with fish rather than meat, and the amount of vegetables and fruits consumed should also be significantly increased. If the period of gestation of puppies fell in the winter season, we additionally give the expectant mother vitamins A and D.

After giving birth, the puppies are breastfed, therefore, the dog’s diet needs to be reviewed again. The first few days after giving birth, exclude meat and fish, the animal should be fed with fermented milk products. In the future, various fortified complexes should be present in the diet of a lactating shepherd.

What to feed your German Shepherd puppy

Like all breeds, puppyhood is the most important period of life in German Shepherds. At this time, there is intense growth, maximum weight gain, the development of bones and muscles. Therefore, it is very important to make a correct, balanced diet and understand how to feed your German Shepherd puppy.

Experts have identified the most successful food scheme:

  • From the 1st month to the 2nd. six meals a day, one glass of food per day.
  • Up to three months of age. five meals, only one and a half glasses.
  • Under the age of six months. four meals a day, 1 liter of food per day.
  • From 6 months to a year. three meals a day, 0.5 liters at a time.

A one-year-old pet is already considered an adult and is transferred to two meals a day. If you give a puppy a large amount of food at three to four months, then by the year the pet will develop obesity. And this will have a detrimental effect on the health of the dog, especially on the development of the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, the increase in food should be due to foods containing a lot of proteins and as little fat and carbohydrates as possible.

In addition, care should be taken to ensure that the puppy does not receive too much calcium with its food. German Shepherd Dogs React To Excess Calcium With Various Mutational Changes And Future Health Problems.

What can a German shepherd dog do

The diet of a German shepherd should contain from 50 to 70% of protein food in the form of meat pulp, devoid of bones, fat and skin, offal, eggs, cottage cheese and milk. Carbohydrates are allowed 20-30%. These are cereals (cereals) and vegetables and fruits. Fat, animal and vegetable, you need about 10-20%. It is better if it is unrefined vegetable oils.

The perfect dog diet | What to feed your dog | German Shepherd

For the correct formation of the skeleton, the shepherd must include in the menu mineral supplements containing bone meal, phytin and calcium.

Meat, fish, vegetables can be fed raw to the dog.