Feeding prepared industrial feed also has a number of advantages and disadvantages.
The advantages of this type of food:
- a special composition with which the granules of dry food are coated, helps to prevent dental diseases, eliminating plaque and calculus;
- you can control the amount of calories consumed;
- ease of storage and use;
- constant balanced composition;
- the ability to choose the right food based on the age, size, lifestyle and level of physical activity of the pet.
The disadvantages of finished feed include their high cost when it comes to high-quality products of well-known brands.
Economy-class food is not suitable for feeding toy terriers due to the content of meat waste, grain crops, flavors, dyes and flavor enhancers.
In addition to dry food, wet foods are also presented on the modern market. they contain up to 80% liquid, which has a positive effect on the digestive tract of the pet, but reduces its nutritional value and shortens the shelf life.
Finished feed, depending on the composition, can be of different classes:
- economy. practically do not contain meat, and a small amount of it is of low quality, possibly soy, dyes, flavor enhancers, legumes, preservatives;
- premium. the composition contains meat and vegetables, but it is not enriched with vitamins and minerals;
- super-premium. these feeds contain the necessary amount of natural antioxidants, herbs, probiotics, vitamins, they are made from high-class meat and offal.
Also, each brand has separate lines of hypoallergenic food and holistic. products containing several types of meat, vegetables, fruits, digestive enzymes, pre- and probiotics, vitamins and minerals.
Feeding an adult dog
Dogs 1 year old and older should eat twice a day.
With a natural type of diet, the diet of toy terriers should consist of 2/3 proteins (meat, dairy products, fish, eggs, offal) and 1/3 of cereals. Vegetables and fruits act as a supplement to the main diet.
Serving size depends on the total weight of the dog: for 1 kg of weight, 50-80 g of food is required.
General recommendations for a healthy diet
The quality of feeding the toy terrier determines its development, health and coat.
In addition to the fact that food should be complete and balanced, the following rules should be adhered to:
- feeding should take place daily at the same time;
- clean drinking water should always be freely available;
- food should be at room temperature or slightly warmer;
- treats and treats can only be given during the main meals;
- it is forbidden to feed the dog from the common table;
- food should be prepared from fresh, high-quality products without adding spices and salt;
- if food remains in the bowl after a meal, the portion should be reduced, if it is not enough, increase.
By the appearance of the pet, you can judge the correctness of feeding.
A healthy toy terrier should have a shiny coat, clear eyes, normal appetite and regular bowel movements. For any negative changes in behavior or appearance, you should contact your veterinarian.
The natural diet of toy terriers should be based on animal protein: raw (pre-frozen or processed with boiling water) or boiled meat, offal or fish.
Beef, turkey, veal, chicken, sea fish are suitable for representatives of this breed.
Of course, only meat cannot be on the menu. nutrition consisting in the use of only this product does not provide the dog with all the necessary substances and contributes to constipation, calcium leaching and other health problems.
The food of a toy terrier should include:
- buckwheat, rice or oatmeal;
- offal. kidney, heart, liver, scar;
- vegetables. carrots, zucchini, red bell pepper, pumpkin, broccoli;
- berries and fruits. pears, apples, blueberries, strawberries, watermelon, melon;
- fermented milk products. cottage cheese, kefir, fermented baked milk.
You should also give your pet:
- fresh herbs. dill, parsley;
- raw or boiled yolk. every 3-4 days;
- honey. maximum once a week;
- sunflower or olive oil. 1-2 drops twice a week.
From time to time, you can give your dog a small amount of seeds, unsalted nuts, black bread croutons.
Sample menu for a week
Toy Terriers are miniature dogs popular all over the world with a cheerful disposition, vitality and incredible loyalty to the owner.
Miniature size is both an advantage and a disadvantage of the representatives of this breed, tk. modest dimensions make them very fragile.
Improper nutrition can lead to the development of dangerous pathologies.
That is why an important component of caring for a toy terrier is a well-designed pet diet.
Only high-class products are suitable for feeding toy terriers. at least premium.
When choosing pet food, you need to be guided by the labels on the packaging (Mini or Small) and the composition: in the first place in the list of ingredients, the source of animal protein should be indicated in an amount of at least 40-50%, then fruits and vegetables or products containing fiber.
The composition of high-quality dry food should include:
- at least 5 sources of carbohydrates;
- at least 2 sources of protein;
- at least 3 types of fruits, vegetables;
- enzymes, probiotics, vitamins and minerals.
A list of the most suitable food for representatives of this breed:
- Pet Nutrition;
- Royal canin.
It is necessary to select food individually for each dog. what suits one toy terrier well may not suit another.
6 months to 1 year
Between the ages of 6 months and 1 year, the dog develops taste preferences that must be relied on when making up a permanent menu.
Natural menu for a toy terrier puppy aged 6 months to 1 year:
- Meat. beef, poultry, rabbit.
- Meat by-products. beef, poultry.
- Milk (unless lactose intolerant is observed).
- Fermented milk products. any, better than homemade.
- Fish. lean, oceanic, peeled, boiled.
- Fish broths, meat.
- Chicken eggs, quail.
- Groats. buckwheat, rice, pearl barley, wheat and barley groats.
- Vegetables other than boiled potatoes and raw cabbage.
- Fruits other than juicy and very sweet.
- Greens, herbs, bran.
Industrial menu for a toy terrier puppy aged 6 months to 1 year:
- Until the complete change of teeth (7–8 months). wet and semi-wet food for puppies of dwarf or miniature breeds, soaked dry food.
- After a complete tooth change. 75% dry and 25% wet or semi-moist food for dwarf or miniature dogs.
Serving size is customizable based on your dog’s metabolic rate and lifestyle.
The number of feedings is gradually reduced to 2-4 times.
How and what to feed a toy terrier puppy: a menu by age
To properly feed a toy terrier puppy, you need to study the characteristics of the breed. Next, you need to decide what to feed the puppy. The next step is to create a sample menu. Don’t forget about vitamins and supplements and the dangers of prohibited foods.
Up to a month
Under the age of one month, toy terrier puppies feed exclusively on mother’s milk. With milk, babies receive not only nutrition, but also antibodies that form the first immunity. During the first three days, the mother’s milk is enriched with a huge number of beneficial bacteria that colonize the sterile intestines of the puppies.
If a puppy of a toy terrier for some reason has lost the care of its mother, it is fed artificially.
- Milk & Glucose Blend.
- Whole goat milk, diluted to optimum fat content.
- Dry milk substitute. powder that is diluted with water.
- Infant formula for babies without additives.
The serving size for a puppy under one month old is unexpectedly large. During the day, babies eat about the same amount of food as they weigh themselves. By and large, serving size depends more on size and individual characteristics.
The number of feedings for a toy terrier puppy under the age of one month:
Healthy snacks for your Yorkie- EXTREMELY EASY!
- From birth to 2 weeks old, toy terrier puppies eat every 2 hours.
- From 2 to 4 weeks, toy terrier puppies eat every 2-3 hours, with a night break of 4-6 hours.
Note! The more puppies in a litter, the more often and less they eat. If there are 1-2 puppies in a litter, the mother has more concentrated milk, so the babies eat up faster and sleep longer between feedings.
In 1 month
At 1 month, the optimal time for the introduction of complementary foods comes. Toy terrier puppies are offered complementary foods as soon as they become interested in food smells. Weak babies can stay close to their mother and eat only milk for up to 1.5 months.
- Mother’s milk.
- Whole goat or cow milk.
- Low fat broth.
- Boiled minced meat mixed with broth.
When artificially feeding, it is recommended to adhere to the industrial menu for a toy terrier puppy:
- Milk replacer.
- For stunted puppies. pate for emaciated puppies.
Serving size depends on the rate of growth. Large, well-growing babies can eat up to 50 grams. food in one go.
Number of feedings (complementary foods): 4-5 times a day, excluding breast milk.
Water in the diet of a toy terrier puppy
The rate of dehydration in small dogs is lightning fast. Even experienced owners often find dehydration after the fact, and this is very dangerous for a toy terrier puppy. Make sure that your pet always has water available, especially if it feeds on industrial feed.
How to feed a toy terrier puppy. choosing a type of diet
When deciding what to feed a toy terrier puppy, you need to choose between:
- Natural feeding.
- Industrial feeding.
- Mixed feeding.
Each type of food has pros and cons. In many ways, the choice will depend on your lifestyle, financial situation and free time.
Choosing a place and utensils for feeding
The future owner of that terrier should understand that the puppy can be injured in the most unforeseen situations. The choice of the place and utensils for feeding plays an important role in the issue of safety.
For starters, consider how to equip the eating area so that the puppy does not roll under your feet while you prepare the food and fill the bowl. Consider safety and remodel the kitchen so that the terrier can’t climb onto tables or chairs. Falls and jumps from a height are the most common cause of fractures of the forelegs, neck and spine.
The eating area should be covered with a non-slip mat, otherwise, if the puppy slips, he is likely to develop a dislocation of the hip joint or a rupture of the ligaments. It is contraindicated for toy terrier puppies to walk on laminated surfaces, and placing bowls on laminate is a direct path to injury.
Toy terrier is a small dog, so small bowls are required. You need a minimum of 1 feeder and 2 drinkers. Better to choose stainless steel or ceramic bowls. Metal bowls must be fixed on a stand so that they do not slide on the floor.
At 3 months
At 3 months, toy terrier puppies receive the first vaccination and are preparing to move to a new home. Against the background of anthelmintic events and stress, puppies can lose a little weight. When toddlers come to their senses, they are actively catching up and gaining weight.
Natural menu for a toy terrier puppy at the age of 3 months:
- Mother’s milk (if the puppy is still with the mother).
- Whole milk, fermented milk products, cottage cheese.
- Boiled minced meat, raw, minced meat.
- Broth, vegetable soup with meat broth.
- Raw quail eggs. Chicken eggs: only the yolk, boiled or in the form of an omelet.
- Rice, buckwheat.
If the puppy received industrial complementary foods from the breeder, after the move, it is better not to change its menu for 10-14 days.
- Milk replacer.
- Canned food for dwarf or miniature puppies.
- Semi-moist food for dwarf or miniature puppies.
Serving size is constantly growing. Extremely lightweight puppies eat more food due to more frequent feeding.
Number of feedings: 5-7 times a day. The more often the puppy eats, the smaller the portion should be. In order not to overfeed your pet, calculate the optimal daily allowance based on the mass and divide it into equal parts.
The better to feed a toy terrier
There are two food options for the Toy Terrier. natural or dry. Breeders hold diverse opinions about the benefits of a particular type of feeding, there is no consensus here. But it is important to remember that if in the first months the puppy was on natural food, then accustoming him to dry food should be gradual. During the month, you add a little dry food to the diet, replacing one natural food completely with dry food. A smooth transition is important for the dog’s digestive system.
Natural feeding provides additional vitamins, which are prescribed by the veterinarian based on the results of the examination.
Adult dogs, from 9 months old, are fed 2 times a day. This is best done after morning and evening walks.
If the pet goes to the tray, then you can safely feed it at any time of the morning or evening, the main thing is not to feed it too late in the morning. the toy terrier should not starve. Serving size is determined by the weight of the animal. about 80 grams of feed per 1 kg of body weight.
Natural feeding can be varied as desired: in the morning you can give meat and porridge, in the evening. vegetables or cottage cheese, the next day you can replace dairy food with fish. Small pet food should be as healthy and complete as possible. Many owners note that the diet of pets prompted them to change their own nutritional model. Indeed, in fact, toy terrier nutrition is what almost every trainer in the gym will offer for the transition to a dietary and healthy diet. The food must be fresh and prepared daily. you cannot feed the dogs with weekly fresh porridge.
Dry food for toy terriers. which is better?
Veterinarians are of the opinion that the main thing in the choice of dry food should be the selection of food specifically for small breed dogs. These feeds contain all the vitamins a baby needs. It is worth choosing premium brands. Trusted toy terrier food manufacturers are: Purina, Royal Canin, Hill’s Pet Nutrition, Orijen, etc.
The selection of the correct feed consists in choosing a product that contains several types of cereals, 2-3 types of meat (chicken and beef), vitamins, dry vegetables and fruits. All this will provide the toy terrier with the energy he needs so much. Breeders do not advise alternating between natural feeding and dry food.
If the dog eats only dry food, sometimes it can be given fermented milk products (cottage cheese, kefir).
What to feed a toy terrier: features of the diet
Toy Terriers belong to the breed of dogs that are considered puppies, even if the dog is already an adult. Small smooth-haired dogs have fascinated, first of all, women from all over the world.
Toy terrier can be carried in a bag (it is important to remember that a pet carrier bag must be designed for these purposes) to various events, take it with you on a visit, to a cafe. Kids love the attention of their owners most of all in life and are happy to be with them all the time.
The popularity of the breed in the world is great, but small dogs require an even more responsible approach from the owner. Improper feeding can lead to stomach and intestinal problems. Toy terriers do not complain about their health if they follow the correct diet and walk in their clothes during the cold season.
Despite its size and fragile constitution, the basis of the diet for this breed is meat. Toy terriers are incredibly active dogs that spend a huge amount of energy during the day, as a result of which they are constantly ready to eat more.
But overfeeding your pet is not worth it, as obesity will dramatically reduce life expectancy. It is important to balance food in terms of protein, carbohydrate and fat composition.
The standard for toy terriers appeared at the end of the 20th century, according to it, the weight of the dog does not exceed 3 kg, and the height reaches 20-28 cm. If the dog is shorter than the declared height, then its weight should not exceed 1.5-2 kg. Portions for adult pets are weighed on an electronic kitchen scale, which will greatly help in determining the weight of the portion. For every kilogram of animal weight, there should be 65-80 grams of food.
Features of the diet for small breeds
Toy terriers, despite their small weight, can eat raw meat, which they do with great pleasure. But experienced owners do not give babies just purchased raw beef. The meat is cut into portions and put into the freezer, which is necessary to destroy the parasites that may be in the meat.
In addition, before feeding the meat to the dog, it is not only thawed, but also scalded with boiling water. Some owners cook meat in boiling unsalted water for 5 minutes.
You can do the same with fish and cottage cheese. divide it into portions and put it in the freezer, and give it to the animal after defrosting it. By-products are good for dogs, they are not frozen, but poured over with boiling water or boiled for several minutes.
No spices are added to the porridges that are given to toy terriers, as well as stewed vegetables. The exception is that sea salt at the tip of a teaspoon is added to the porridge, but this is rarely done. If the dog eats yogurt, then it should be free of dyes. Cottage cheese for toy terriers is often taken for children. You can mix meat with porridge (1/3 porridge and 2/3 meat) if the pet does not want to eat pure porridge.
What can and cannot be fed
Mandatory components in the diet of a toy terrier will be beef and chicken meat. You can also note the following products allowed for consumption:
- lamb, offal;
- cottage cheese, kefir;
- natural yogurt (without dyes and sugar);
- rice, buckwheat, rolled oats;
- fish, exclusively seafood. salmon, pollock;
- zucchini, carrots, beets, tomatoes;
- dill, parsley;
- chicken yolk (must be cooked!);
- honey (no more than 1 time per week);
- vegetable or olive oil (1-2 drops, 2 times a week);
- bananas, apples.
Generally speaking, the toy terrier is prohibited from any food from the master’s table, which contains sugar and salt in excess. The list can be supplemented with the following foods, feeding with which will cause not only allergies in the dog, but also lead to serious illnesses:
- sausages, fried meat, smoked meats;
- spicy foods, condiments, ketchup, sauces, and mayonnaise;
- chips, crackers, cookies;
- chocolate, sweets;
- pasta, loaf;
- pork and any fatty meat;
- raw offal and raw fish;
- potatoes and legumes;
- a raw egg.
It should be noted that small breeds require careful and special treatment both in nutrition and in handling. Toy terriers are practically dependent on the owner on a psychological level. they are very fond of attention, they are afraid of large objects, loud noise. Therefore, it is important to provide the baby with a carefree existence.
Monitor the well-being and general condition of the dog, do not keep it hungry. If your pet eats a portion too quickly, increase it by 10-15 grams, which will let you know if he needs additional nutrition.
But it is important to remember about the ratio of height and weight, the toy terrier should not be swollen or have an inflated belly. The dog must always be graceful, active. If the pet does not eat for more than a day, it is necessary to take the animal to the veterinarian. Eating a healthy and nutritious diet will give your dog a life expectancy of 13-18 years.
Which industrial feed is healthier?
If you do not know what is better to give a toy terrier: canned food or dry food, see how prone it is to tartar formation. Dry food helps to clean the teeth, and it is better to give canned food or dry food soaked in water to dogs who are prone to the formation of stones in the urinary system. The Toy Terrier should be given more liquid so that he is not prone to the occurrence of urolithiasis.
It is highly undesirable to mix dry food and canned food, appointing food to a toy terrier, but if you decide to feed him in combination, then choose at least dry food and canned food of the same brand. This is important if you want the digestive system of the toy terrier to work cheko, like clockwork.
Super and ultra-grade industrial food is worth buying when your toy terrier is expecting offspring, or is already feeding puppies. When your pet tends to be overweight, choose a specialized food with low fat. Experienced veterinarians know how to feed a toy terrier puppy for 2 months. In any case, remember that small puppies and adults should not be given table salt, it is better to replace it with iodized salt. But seasonings and spices are best eliminated altogether.
How to feed a toy terrier so that it is healthy and cheerful?
Toy Terrier is a rather spoiled breed of lapdogs, so caring for puppies of this breed should be competent enough. If you do not know how to feed a toy terrier, be sure to contact a specialist. Wonderful tiny dogs require careful grooming and proper feeding. When girls choose toy terriers, following the fashion for dogs, they do not really understand that there is often more fuss with toy terriers than even with Caucasian shepherd dogs.
Such a dog is called a dog for a reason: a toy terrier weighs about 3 kilograms, and its height at the withers does not exceed 28 centimeters. Despite its diminutive form, the Toy Terrier is an excellent fighter, ready to protect the owner. Toy terriers have a very playful personality, but, unfortunately, very fragile bones.
Toy Terrier: competent feeding
If you do not understand how to feed a toy terrier puppy, follow the general veterinary recommendations.
Do not try to feed your puppy with food from the dinner table. It is strictly forbidden for the Toy Terrier to eat minced meat of any varieties: from bird to fish. It is forbidden to regale the puppy with all kinds of sweets, foods with high salt, pork, fish (sea and river), sausages and sausages.
Observe the frequency of feeding toy terriers. If your puppy is only a couple of months old, then feed him 6 times a day, and at a more mature age from two to three months it is better to switch to a five-time regimen, from 4 to 10 months you should feed that terrier puppy 4 times a day, and after 10 months. twice a day, morning and evening.
What Homemade Food I feed my Yorkshire Terrier Puppy
What is the best way to feed your toy terrier? Of course, a balanced diet, which contains a sufficient amount of essential proteins and carbohydrates, fats. Do not leave food leftovers in the puppy’s bowl, he should only receive fresh food. Spices, salinity and smoking should not be present in the diet of a toy terrier! A baby toy terrier should always have access to fresh water.
Love to feed your cute toy terrier puppy with homemade food? Be sure to include vitamins and minerals in his diet. Remember the rule: a toy terrier, of course, is a tiny and decorative dog, but it has a good appetite, since it belongs to the wolf family. Therefore, in the diet of a toy terrier, meat should occupy the main part. What can you feed that terrier, besides meat products? Give him a variety of vegetables and fruits, zucchini, carrots, apples and cereals. Of the offal, terriers love liver and heart more. As for fish, boiled and lean sea fish are more suitable for indoor breeds. From cereals, oatmeal, millet and rice are preferable, from dairy products: cottage cheese and kefir. But fresh milk cannot be given to an adult terrier! His body is unable to digest such heavy food.
List of prohibited foods
What exactly cannot be fed to a toy terrier so that he does not have problems with digestion? Pay attention to the list:
Fatty meats such as pork and veal.
Potatoes and any starchy vegetables.
Pearl barley porridge, wheat, barley, rolled oats.
Any food containing preservatives and dyes in abundance.
If you want your toy terrier to eat meat, do not give him raw meat products, try to feed that terrier with boiled meat, however, the broth obtained as a result of cooking meat is extremely harmful for toy terriers. Chicken meat is on the list of prohibited foods; it is not recommended to give it to toy terriers, since it is a rather strong allergen that does not immediately make itself felt. If your terrier is often combed to bloody, it means that he suffers from an allergic reaction to chicken meat.
The dog needs to be fed twice a day so that it gradually becomes accustomed to the eating regimen. Do not spoil a toy terrier by making him a beggar!
Choosing a place for a meal and dishes
Each owner decides this issue in his own way. When organizing a “canteen”, you need to consider a few points.
The feeding area should be:
- secluded (a dining dog should not interfere with household members and they should not disturb her);
- easily accessible, both for the animal and for the owner;
- equipped with a well-washable surface;
In small apartments, the feeding place for the puppy is determined in the kitchen. In this case, the doors are left constantly open, this will provide free access to the bowl with food and water. If the area allows and the dog has its own “room”, then the feeding place will be equipped in it. The distance from the resting place to the bowl should be significant.
When choosing dishes, it should be borne in mind that the total feed rate should only take up half the volume of the bowl. The dishes must not be allowed to:
- bounced while eating.
The material from which the bowl is made must be food grade, high quality, durable. Bowls for water and food should be close, but not interfere with each other. For this breed, there is no need to equip a feeding place on higher elevations. If the owner intends to feed the puppy “from the table” there should still be a place for the bowl. Initially, you need to accustom your dog to it. In the future, this will allow you to understand that the dog is hungry (when approaching the bowl and sniffing).
Age group 1. 2 months
From this age, you can introduce boiled fish, coarsely ground meat into the diet and offer boiled bone.
The puppy is gradually, independently determined with taste preferences. However, this does not mean feeding any one favorite product. The more varied the menu, the more balanced the feeding.
The norm is 1-2 salt spoons with a frequency of 5-6 times a day.
6 months to 1 year
At this age, the terrier can already be fed 2 times a day. The total volume is 1-2 tablespoons per feeding. This quantity should include at least 3 components (for example: cottage cheese, meat, fish).
Tastes and preferences are already fully formed. The puppy is bowl-trained. If he is energetic enough and constantly in search of food, increase his calorie content slightly by adding meat, sour cream and fatty fish.
The dog is a predator, carnivore. Her body needs animal feed:
- milk and dairy products;
- meat, bones and offal;
- a fish.
Meat and meat products
Good quality meat is the basis of a carnivore’s diet. Beef, veal, pork, rabbit, chicken are sources of essential amino acids, vitamins and minerals. Meat should be present in the dog’s bowl daily and make up 60% of the diet.
Of the by-products, it is better to give preference to beef heart (source of coenzyme Q10) and chicken liver. Do not give your dog beef liver. The dog is too small and too large of heavy metals that accumulate in the body, over time can lead to poisoning.
Meat can be fed both raw and boiled. The good quality of the product is guaranteed by the veterinary and sanitary examination carried out during the slaughter of the animal.
Bones are essential in a dog’s diet. It is source of minerals. For small rocks, it is best to use the top of the scapula. Its soft cartilage tissue lends itself to biting through. By gnawing such a bone, the dog fully satisfies the need for nutrients and “interest”.
Attention! After gnawing a significant part of the bone, the dog remains full for a long time. this is normal.
This product is best served raw, especially the yolk. For an animal, in addition to proteins and minerals, it is source of vitamin U. It is especially important to introduce raw yolk into the diet if meat and fish are served only in boiled form. Vitamin U is not thermally stable and is destroyed when heated.
Important! Dogs love eggs. However, they can cause allergies. Track your pet. If everything is in order after feeding, then there is no need to fear.
By introducing marine fish (mackerel, herring, sprat, sardines) into the diet, you can balance the diet with Omega-3 acids, which is very important for a growing puppy’s body.
There is no reason to refuse a dog chewing on a fish spine bone. this is source of minerals. If sea fish is constantly present in the diet, then there is no point in introducing fat-soluble vitamins.
Fish of inland waters should be treated more carefully (heavy metals and helminths can be dangerous). It is better not to include such a product in the diet.
Important! The puppy should be served boiled fish. Raw fish is not safe for invasion.
Porridge, vegetables and fruits
It’s funny to watch a dog gnawing carrots or zucchini. Sometimes little pets enjoy eating bananas or strawberries. This is an exception to the rule. For the most part, dogs do not need these products.
If the dog likes mashed potatoes, then you can offer it, but a very small amount. Starchy substances and carbohydrates change acidity, which in turn can provoke chlamydia.
Attention! If a dog eats grass, this does not mean that he needs cabbage or beets.
Benefits of a natural diet
Most experts vote for natural feeding because:
- the food does not contain artificial additives;
- in case of allergy or other reaction, it can be easily removed from the diet;
- quality is easily controlled.
When choosing a natural diet, there is a peculiarity. This is not a disadvantage, however. You have to constantly monitor that as many ingredients as possible are present in the diet. This approach will be the basis for balancing mineral elements.
How to feed a toy terrier puppy
Choosing this or that feeding ration, for this dog the question of economy and pricing policy will not rise, since he does not eat much. It makes some things easier.
When choosing a feeding method, you need to consider the following aspects:
- usefulness for the animal;
Having weighed everything, you can give preference to a particular type, or combine feeding.
Nutrition for puppies
The first food for a baby is mother’s milk. Typically, a puppy eats like this until 3 weeks of age. At 1 month, he is given beef three times a day (a pea-sized portion). Finely scrape off the meat from the frozen piece, warm to room temperature. Also, the baby is recommended to give a small ball of low-fat fresh cottage cheese. You need to feed the puppy at home at regular intervals. In the evening, the baby is fed more densely so that he does not wake up at night.
To find out if a portion is enough for a baby, it is worth watching him. Bulging sides indicate an excess portion, so it needs to be slightly reduced. It is also important to prevent your puppy from becoming malnourished as it will lack the necessary vitamins and minerals for healthy growth.
Many new owners do not know which food to choose for a toy terrier: natural or dry food. If homemade food is cooked correctly, then this is enough. At the same time, dry food of poor quality or with an expired shelf life can harm your pet.
Experts do not recommend economy class canned food for puppies. As a rule, instead of meat, they contain low-quality by-products, animal fats are replaced by vegetable ones, and there are also flavors and flavor enhancers. All this negatively affects the health of a small pet. When choosing dry and canned food, you need to ensure that they are balanced, contain natural meat, animal fats, and cereals. Better to choose premium or super premium food in original packaging.
- pork and lamb are very fatty meats for puppies;
- sweets, flour and spicy dishes, spices;
- starchy vegetables (potatoes);
- lard and smoked meats;
- minced meat;
- small bones;
- exotic fruits (including grapes and oranges);
- egg white;
- soy and legumes.
It is better to boil meat before use. You can not give the dog meat broth, it is very harmful.
What to feed adult dogs
The portion is calculated in the ratio of 50-80 g per 1 kg of the dog’s weight. This is for the whole day. A young, pregnant or lactating dog needs more food. In the case of eating natural homemade food, vitamins and minerals must be added to the diet. 2/3 should be protein products. The ratio of porridge and meat should be 1: 2 (if the pet is prone to allergies, then 1: 3). You can replace cereals with vegetables, and also treat them to your pet between feedings. Vegetables are watered with virgin vegetable oil.
The daily menu of an adult toy terrier should include:
- meat (including poultry and fish);
- boiled eggs and offal;
- vegetables and fruits;
- dairy products.
Experts advise: the transfer of a dog from dry food to natural food should be gradual, as it can harm the pet’s digestive system.
At 2 months, the puppy needs to be fed 5 times a day:
- 1 tbsp. l. dairy products;
- 2 tsp chopped meat with porridge;
- 1 tbsp. l. dairy products;
- 2 tsp chopped meat with porridge;
- 1 tbsp. l. dairy products.
At 3 months, the puppy is fed 4 times a day (the third feeding is removed. 1 tablespoon of dairy products), the portion of food is increased depending on the growth and appetite.
The daily diet of four-month-old puppies is:
- 2 tbsp. l. dairy products;
- 2 tbsp. l. chopped meat with porridge;
- 2 tbsp. l. minced meat with vegetables (1 tsp);
- 2 tbsp. l. dairy products.
From five months, 4 feeding is removed (dairy products), the portion is increased.
The second feeding of an adult dog is removed, it remains:
- 2 tbsp. l. dairy products;
- 2 tbsp. l. meat, 1 tbsp. l. porridge or vegetables.
From 11 months in the morning they are fed meat with porridge (2: 1), in the evening with meat and vegetables (2: 1). In between feedings, vegetables and fruits are given.
Basic feeding rules
Grooming and pet implies proper feeding. Toy terriers are prone to obesity, so fatty foods are prohibited for them. You cannot feed the puppy with food from your table. The pet needs its own menu. Do not follow the lead of the puppy and increase the meat portion, as he may refuse other food. From 2 to 5 months, the pet is gradually transferred to 4-5 meals a day. Fruits, vegetable salads are added to the diet. It saturates the body with vitamins, helps to cleanse the intestines. A five-month-old puppy is transferred to 3 meals a day, and dogs older than 10 months are fed 2 times a day with the diet of an adult dog.
It is easy to determine whether the owner is feeding his puppy or, on the contrary, overfeeding. It is enough just to feel its ribs. Protruding bones indicate insufficient nutrition, but if the ribs cannot be found, the portions should be reduced.
For an adult dog (in case of natural food), each serving should be prepared before feeding. Food that the pet has not finished eating should not be left in the bowl. Both an adult dog and a small puppy must have constant access to clean drinking water at any time of the day.
- Economy (this includes Pedigree feed). Due to the low price, it is available to everyone.
- Premium class (Pro Plan, Royal Canine). Affordable, but not considered 100% complete, requires an additional vitamin and mineral complex.
- Super premium class (Acana, Canidae, Eagle Pack). Has a high cost and quality. The food is completely balanced, contains minerals, vitamins and probiotics.
When eating dry food of economy and premium class, it is advisable to add a vitamin and mineral complex:
- In 1 Excel. TR Small Breed (Supplement for Small Breed Dogs). Vitamins and minerals are contained in microcapsules. Since they slowly dissolve, the dose does not enter the blood immediately, but gradually.
- Calcidee contains calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D. Especially useful for puppies, pregnant and lactating dogs.
- Excel Glucosamine. glucosamine used to prevent joint diseases.
There are many complexes for small breeds, when choosing it is necessary to rely on the opinion of the veterinarian observing the toy terrier. It will help determine which vitamins your pet needs.
If the owner chooses natural feeding, he should know which foods can be given to the puppy and which not. Allowed homemade foods include:
- Meat (beef, chicken, turkey). Beef can be served raw, but chicken is best boiled over low heat.
- By-products. lungs, heart, etc. The most useful and nutritious is the beef stomach (rumen), which contains a large amount of nutrients. Beef liver is also useful, but it should be given no more than 2 times a week. Otherwise, the animal will suffer from eating disorders. All offal must be boiled before use.
- Sea fish.
- A boiled egg is consumed every 3 days, while it is better to give only the yolk.
- Porridge: millet, buckwheat, rice and oatmeal. It is not recommended to feed the Toy Terrier with barley, as it is heavy on the stomach.
- Fresh vegetables: carrots, beets, pumpkin, etc. You can give your pet tomato juice, it will help clean your teeth from plaque and stone.
The dog is allowed to give a variety of products, so you can make up a varied menu from them.
The better to feed a toy terrier. diet
When a dog appears in a family, it needs to organize proper nutrition: natural food or dry food. This is especially important when buying small breeds. Consider how to feed a toy terrier for its full development.