When is it allowed to transfer to adult types of feed?
All veterinarians, cat food manufacturers and experienced breeders believe that the transition of a pet to adult food is only possible when it is one year old. This is especially true for representatives of large breeds (Maine Coons, for example).
This is due to the fact that in childhood these animals have just phenomenal growth rates. Accordingly, even “baby food” they should select a special one, and even an early transfer to adult types of feed is strictly contraindicated.
Only in some cases, based on the results of a consultation with a veterinarian and all the necessary tests, they sometimes begin to transfer kittens to an adult type of diet closer to eight months of age. But still, experienced breeders agree that there is no need to rush. Year is the optimal period for “growing up in food”.
Is it possible to feed the kitten with adult food
Perhaps even the most inexperienced breeders are well aware of the relationship between high-quality feeding of a kitten with its further development and the selection value of the animal. If the animal’s diet is infinitely far from ideal, everything will be sad. And that is why many are interested in whether it is permissible to feed a kitten with adult food.
“Dry ration” or canned food?
There are still fierce debates on this topic among animal lovers, the end of which is still not visible. However, there is no definite answer to this question.
Correct transfer of the animal to a new feed
The main rule is simple. the transfer should be carried out smoothly and gradually, without abrupt changes in the characteristics of the diet. Adult food is introduced into the diet gradually, in limited quantities. To comply with this rule, adult food must be added to baby food gradually and over a period of about a month.
- In the first week, you need to give your pet 30% of the new food and 70% of the old one. We would not recommend mixing wet food, and therefore they need to be alternated throughout the day (accordingly, 30% of the total daily ration should be new food).
- During the first month, baby food is 100% replaced by adults.
- In the case when the owner prefers to adhere to a natural type of diet, he needs to consult with a veterinary nutritionist in advance. A specialist will help you create a new diet and give advice on when and how to translate.
The Importance of Feeding Kitten Food
What types of food can kittens be fed?
Regardless of the type and origin, all types of food for kittens (and adult pets too) are divided into exactly three categories:
- Economy The name speaks for itself. the manufacturer uses the cheapest and most readily available components in the production process. You shouldn’t even hope that there will be at least some meat in the composition: at best, there will be only by-products, and even those are far from the first grade. In addition, one should not naively think that “offal” in this case means the heart, liver or lungs. There will be everything from hooves to ground leather. These feeds contain a lot of cereals, soybean meal, dyes, preservatives and flavorings. Oddly enough, but many manufacturers do add trace elements and vitamins there. It is extremely undesirable to feed even an adult cat with such food for a long time, and such food should not be given to a kitten at all. The digestibility of such products does not exceed 20-33%.
- Premium. In this case, natural meat is present in the product, but. the lion’s share is occupied by the same offal. In addition, many cereals are often included in its composition, and there are many dyes there. However, this option is still much better than the “economy”. You can feed kittens with such rations, but it is better to consult with a veterinarian about the additional inclusion of mineral and vitamin supplements in food. Advice. when buying, choose those feeds where vitamin E is used as a preservative. In the premium segment, there are such foods, but you have to look for them. Digestibility. up to 70%.
- Super Premium. From the name it becomes clear that they did not economize on the production of such feed (well, at least theoretically this is possible). They are produced only by world-famous companies (“Purina”, “Royal-canin”, etc.), the composition really contains meat, all the necessary vitamins, micro- and macroelements. A distinctive feature of “super-premium” is the use of vitamin E as a preservative. But! Such feeds are counterfeited very often, and therefore we would recommend buying them exclusively from veterinary pharmacies, or from trusted suppliers. The digestibility of such products exceeds 75-77%, the animal’s body spends much less strength and energy on digesting feed.
Oddly enough, dry food is not the worst option. In any case, it is definitely no worse and much safer than food waste, which is full of spices and salt that do not in the best way affect the health of the baby. It is only important to understand that the daily ration of the animal should consist of at least 70% of wet feed. This requirement applies to kittens under the age of six months. From six months of age to one year, the ratio is adjusted to 50/50. If you buy good food, then there is nothing wrong with using it.
What is the difference between food for kittens and adult cats
What is the difference between food produced specifically for adult pets and kittens:
- The composition of food for kittens and adult cats is completely different! They contain different amounts of nutrients, micro- and macroelements, vitamins. In adult cats, the need for them is lower, but in kittens it is higher, and much.
- Granules in “adult” feeds differ in more “outstanding” sizes, they are corny stiffer. And this is a very important nuance, since the teeth of young kittens have a very thin layer of enamel, which quickly cleaves and falls off. As a result, the baby may be left without teeth at all.
And the lovers of “economy” should be warned separately: even adult cats do not need to be fed with cheap dry food sold by weight. In addition to cereals and a couple of percent of old offal, they contain nothing. A kitten on such a diet will grow and develop for a long time, it is possible that he will develop chronic diseases of the digestive system.
Thus: adult food can be given to kittens, but only in cases when there is no other choice. And even in such situations, prolonged feeding with such food should not be allowed. All this can affect the health of the growing animal in the future.
By the way, feeding an adult cat with baby food is also not necessary: since the diet for kittens contains significantly more nutrients, the cat can quickly become fat.
Accordingly, “good single feed” is also that nonsense. It’s just physically unrealistic to find a diet that meets the needs of cats of all ages. Such food is allowed only in cases when it is necessary to feed the pet “hastily”, but its use is unacceptable for constant feeding.
From 1 to 2 months
When the kittens are 1 month old, they fully open their eyes and are ready to explore the world. Instinctively, kittens become interested in the food their mother eats.
At such a young age, kittens awkwardly lap milk, blow bubbles, try to chew soft food. As soon as the babies begin to show interest in food, the breeder introduces supplementation.
Depending on the preferences of the owner, supplementation can be:
- Industrial. substitute for cat milk, pâté for kittens.
- Natural. whole milk, dairy products, cottage cheese, chopped with milk, boiled minced meat, low-fat broth.
Kittens may experience diarrhea or mild constipation immediately after supplementation. At this age, the cat is keeping an eye on the hygiene of the offspring, so the owners rarely manage to “catch” digestive problems. Indigestion may be indicated by decreased activity of kittens, dehydration, refusal to feed supplements, drowsiness and apathy.
What is the difference between feed?
Quite a reasonable question arises from a cat owner when he starts comparing for industrial feed. What is the difference between feeds and what determines their cost? The first and key factor that differentiates cat food is quality.
Feed is divided into: economy class, premium, super premium and holistic.
- Economy class is not suitable for everyday feeding of cats, it contains many preservatives, is made from cheap raw materials.
- Premium and super premium feed suitable for daily feeding of healthy animals.
- In the super premium lines of some manufacturers, there are foods designed for animals with a sensitive gastrointestinal tract, skin problems and other chronic ailments.
Note! Holistic feeds are considered to be of the highest quality, which is why their price is so high. This class of feed does not have any medicinal and unique properties, the high price is due to the use of high-quality, natural raw materials.
Feed “by age
In addition to products made for animals with chronic problems, there are lines designed for cats of a certain age.
Usually feeds are divided into the following types:
- Baby. translated as a child.
- Junior. translated as junior, between a child or a teenager.
- Young or active. translated as young or active, meaning adolescent cats.
Food for kittens differs from products for adult animals in the following indicators:
- High Fat. Kittens need more fatty acids and amino acids, which are synthesized from dietary fats.
- Increased micronutrients required for normal bone formation.
- The junior and asset lines often contain a fairly high amount of carbohydrates, since adolescent cats are playful and spend a lot of energy exploring the world.
- Increased protein in baby and junior lines.
It turns out that if you feed a kitten with adult food, it will have a deficiency of fatty acids, amino acids, minerals, in some cases, proteins.
The consequences can be disastrous. lagging behind in growth, development, underweight. In the opposite situation, if an adult cat regularly receives food for kittens, she will have an excess of fats, carbohydrates and minerals. Such feeding is fraught with excess weight and bone problems.
Is it possible to feed the kitten with adult food
Many owners do not understand why it is not recommended to feed the kitten with adult food. Doubts arise only because no one explains how food for animals of different ages differs. Let’s see why it is better for kittens to be given wet food and at what age it is possible to transfer a pet to dry food.
From 2 to 4 months
Age from 2 to 4 months is accompanied by a number of innovations and stresses. Actively exploring the world, kittens are gradually abandoning mother’s milk and consuming more and more supplements. In parallel, the cat teaches the offspring to walk on the litter box and stops licking them to stimulate urination and bowel movement.
Before moving to a new home, kittens receive their first vaccinations. Before vaccination, worm prevention is mandatory. Taking anthelmintic drugs can provoke a slight digestive upset, which goes away without intervention. Vaccinations can also have side effects such as poor appetite, digestive problems, and weakness.
From 4 to 6 months
At the age of 3 to 4 months, the kittens move to a new home. The stress associated with a change of residence has a detrimental effect on the functioning of the entire body. It is not recommended for the new owner to change the type and schedule of meals within 1-2 weeks.
If the kitten is used to natural food, the transition to industrial food should be carried out gradually. After waiting 10-14 days, start adding industrial pate or feed in chunks to natural food.
Increase the mass fraction of industrial feed gradually to:
- one hundred%.
To make the kitten more willing to consume a mixture of industrial and natural food, it must be warmed up. Warm food has a more attractive smell. In addition, kittens are naturally more willing to eat and digest warm food better.
Features of feeding kittens at different ages
Each owner knows the characteristics of his pet. Agree, it is unreasonable to assume that all cats are standard and they are suitable for one food and type of care. In matters of feeding a kitten and drawing up its diet, you need to focus on:
- Health status.
- Growth and development rates.
- Individual features of digestion.
- Taste preferences.
The most important indicator is age, as the kittens’ body is formed gradually. It is important to understand that some pedigree cats develop slowly, so the standard recommendations should always be “adapted” based on intuition and observation of the pet.
Nutrition of kittens from birth to 1 month
The first few days after birth, the kitten drinks exclusively colostrum. When born with sterile intestines, a kitten is unable to digest any other food. Colostrum is loaded with proteins, carbohydrates and friendly bacteria that enter the intestines and begin to multiply. It is these bacteria that help kittens digest breast milk in the first month of life.
Within a month, until the kittens fully open their eyes, they feed on their mother’s milk. Together with milk, babies receive all the nutrients and antibodies that form children’s immunity. If for some reason the kitten cannot receive mother’s milk, it is recommended to transfer it to a cat milk substitute. The substitute is sold in powder form, which must be diluted with warm, boiled water.
Note! In addition to the cat milk substitute, kittens under one month old can be fed with infant formula without additives and homemade goat milk diluted with boiled water.
How to choose the type of feeding?
To determine what type of feeding to choose for your pet, you need to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each of the options available. If the choice is made in favor of self-cooking, then it is worth considering what is good in this option, and what are the negative aspects. The positive ones include the following points.
- Possibility of self-selection of the menu for the kitten. The owner himself can determine what to mix with what, when to give what and in what quantity. Having well studied the addictions of the pet, you can select what he likes and make up a diet based on the knowledge gained.
- Security. Freshly prepared food will not contain any of the additives, preservatives, and colors that may be found in some ready-to-eat kitten foods.
- The ability to diversify as much as possible the food that the kitten will receive. With ready-made feeds, this is quite difficult to do.
- Lack of addiction to self-prepared food. There are a number of foods that begin to cause addiction in the pet, and it becomes almost impossible to wean the animal from them. This does not happen with homemade food, so it is more suitable.
Of the shortcomings, only a few points can be distinguished:
- special attention when choosing ingredients for cooking, so as not to accidentally put unnecessary ones;
- the introduction of additional additives and vitamins that will compensate for their lack in regular food.
The advantages of this option for feeding a kitten are much more than disadvantages, but not every owner has free time to prepare varied and nutritious food, so many opt for dry and wet ready-made food.
Veterinarian advice in this case is as follows:
- ready-made feed should be of high quality, better than premium;
- do not feed the pet with the same food for too long, for full growth and development it is important to introduce a certain variety;
- when switching from one type of feed or brand to another, you need to carry out the process gradually, mixing the new product with the old one, and slightly increase its amount.
To decide whether to buy dry food for your pet, you need to consider its pros and cons. The positive ones include the following:
- quality products have a complete list of vitamins and minerals that a kitten needs;
- the diet is selected taking into account the age of the animal;
- when using dry food, kittens will actively work their jaws, which will only benefit the animals;
- there is no need to spend time and effort preparing food for your pet;
- the ability to feed the kitten anywhere, as well as take food with you on long trips;
- the volume of each serving is indicated by the manufacturer on the package.
In addition to the obvious advantages, this option for feeding domestic kittens also has certain disadvantages.
- When buying an inexpensive economy-class feed, there is a risk of harming the animal, since it contains a high concentration of mineral salts, which eventually become the cause of urolithiasis. In addition, such food can contain food waste that can harm the growing body of the kitten.
- Some foods may contain fats, flavors and preservatives.
- As mentioned above, an animal can develop dependence on some types of food, and it will be very difficult to wean a kitten from such food.
The choice of this or that option will depend on the owner and his pet. If you wish, you can delight your pet with tasty and healthy dishes without any harm, while cooking something new and unusual every time in order to develop the cat’s gastronomic sensations.
If there is no opportunity, desire or time for this, then it is worth choosing high-quality food with an optimal composition so that the pet grows and develops in accordance with its age.
When a small kitten appears at home, you need to make sure that he has a place to rest, play and eat. It is better to arrange the territory for the pet in advance or as soon as possible after its appearance, since then it is necessary to solve a much more important issue regarding the nutrition of a new family member. In the event that a pet is acquired and lives with new owners without a mother, it has nowhere to get milk that the cat gives to its kittens, therefore, it is necessary to decide on the regimen and composition of food in the first days of the baby’s life in the new house.
A properly formulated diet and diet will enable the pet to grow well, be active and not experience any discomfort in the new home. To give the kitten such an opportunity, first of all, you need to choose how the animal will be fed. There are 2 main options:
- using purchased feed;
- thanks to self-catering.
Each of the options is good in its own way, so you need to decide which is more convenient in a particular case.
It is not recommended to mix both options for a kitten aged 1 to 3 months, as it will be difficult for his body to rebuild from one food to another.
Those owners who prefer to cook themselves will be more confident in the quality and freshness of the products that are given to the pet, this is a big plus of this option. On the other hand, when using ready-made feeds, the kitten receives a balanced diet, which contains all the necessary elements that allow it to grow and develop as it should.
If the owner tends to prepare food for the pet on his own, he must know exactly what can be eaten by the animal at such a young age, and which foods should be avoided. In no case should you give the kitten food from the table, since it is not at all suitable for a growing organism.
Another feature of self-prepared food is the complete absence of salt or any spices in it, since cats do not tolerate strong odors, and the pet will not like what is tasty for a person.
In the case of cooking, the owner must additionally purchase food additives, vitamins and minerals in order to ensure the full development of the animal’s body and protect it from health problems.
Veterinarians recommend using ready-made products for feeding monthly kittens, especially if the owner does not yet have experience in caring for pets.
As you gain the appropriate knowledge, you can try your hand at cooking, but it is worth doing this only when the kitten grows up. The nutrition of an older pet will include dry food.
What and how to feed a kitten from 1 to 3 months?
When starting a pet, you need to clearly understand what exactly you will have to face. Taking care of any pet is not easy, especially when you have to deal with a very tiny pet. If a one-month-old kitten should appear in the house, it is necessary to prepare housing for him and read certain literature that will help to properly care for the baby and feed him with the food that is suitable for the period from 1 to 3 months.
What shouldn’t be given?
Knowledge about how to feed a kitten, what food to choose and what to give will not be enough, you need to have information about which foods are undesirable and even harmful for him. Among the most unfavorable are the following products.
- Cow’s milk. growing up, the pet begins to experience problems with lactose tolerance, so after drinking milk, his digestion will begin to malfunction.
- Bones. Small bones can become lodged in the throat or esophagus, causing certain problems. When the pet becomes an adult, it will be possible to give it large bones, with which it can brush its teeth.
- Smoked and fried foods. no smoked or fried foods should be included in the kitten’s diet, they are harmful to both small and adult cats. Such food is very difficult to digest and can negatively affect the health of the pet, causing irreparable consequences.
- Certain vegetables and mushrooms. Don’t feed your kitten potatoes, eggplants, onions and garlic, tomatoes, or legumes and mushrooms. Such food is difficult to digest and does not bring any benefit to the body.
- Baking and sweet food. all baked goods of a neutral taste, as well as sweet ones, should not be given to the kitten. The same applies to any sweets, including chocolate. This food will only harm the pet’s body.
- Salt and Seasonings. Any food prepared for a kitten or adult should not contain any salt or spice. These components have an extremely negative effect on the health of the pet and become the cause of various diseases in the future.
- River fish species. unlike the marine species, fish in rivers are subject to a strong attack of parasites, which, even after heat treatment, do not disappear anywhere, but remain in the kitten’s body, gradually destroying it.
- Fatty meat. you cannot feed your pet with pork, bacon, fat, because he will have indigestion and liver problems will begin.
- Skin from chicken meat. the kitten is not able to digest this product, so the body will work poorly, spend energy, and in the end will receive neither benefit nor energy.
- Egg White. Chicken egg white contains an enzyme that breaks down biotin in the feline body.
- Medicines. their consumption is only necessary on rare occasions and only on a veterinarian’s prescription.
The elimination of products harmful to kittens will avoid accidental mistakes in the preparation of the menu and will help the pet to grow up healthy.
Overview of finished feed
If the owner does not have much time to cook natural food for the kitten every day, then it is easier to use ready-made food in the diet. For adult cats, they can be dry or wet. It is better for very small kittens to acquire the second variety, but as the pet gets used to it and grows up, introduce it to more solid food. In addition to the type of feed, you need to be puzzled about the selection of an appropriate brand that produces quality products that in no way threaten the health of pets.
Among the most famous are the following brands.
- 1 st Choice is a premium food that is recommended for feeding kittens from two months up to one year of age. All components are of high quality, so the pet will receive a full range of nutrients. Due to the combination of quality and affordable price, this ready-made food option is considered the most suitable for feeding kittens.
- Hills Science Plan. the food of this brand has several options: two dry and one wet, so making the right choice will not be difficult. The product quality in this case is also very high.
- Royal Canin. The company offers food for pets under 4 months of age (canned food) and over 4 months of age (dry food). Thanks to the quality of the products, this brand has long established itself as a reliable and proven manufacturer of food for cats of any age category.
- Happy Cat Junior is a specialized product designed for kittens from 5 weeks to one year old. The peculiarities of the development of the animal at each stage of growth were taken into account, the most suitable products of the highest quality were selected. All this allows you to safely trust this brand and use its products for your pets.
- Purina Pro Plan. This brand boasts a variety of kitten foods (dry and wet options). Good quality products, the ability to choose what exactly to feed a small pet, as well as an affordable price make this brand one of the most popular.
Veterinarians and specialists note that kittens receive the most nutritious nutrition thanks to holistic products. products that are created using technology that makes it possible to preserve the juiciness and freshness of meat in them.
For feeding kittens, this option is considered ideal, but not everyone can afford it, since the cost of such food is quite high. The most famous manufacturers of such products are brands:
- Pro Nature;
- Innova Evo;
Each owner can choose the most balanced version of food, which will differ in product quality and correspond to the age of the pet. It is not always possible to purchase food that the kitten will like, so you should not buy large packages right away, it is better to let the pet try this or that option, and if you like it and will be well perceived by the animal’s stomach, then you can stop at it for a certain time.
We compose a diet from natural products
Homemade food is better for a kitten only if the owner knows well how to properly formulate a diet, how and what to feed the pet during the day. Among the permitted and healthy products, the following ingredients can be distinguished.
- Meat. these should be low-fat varieties such as beef, turkey, chicken. For a comfortable use of meat, it should be boiled.
- Offal. make it possible to diversify the diet. They must be given only in boiled form. Kittens’ liver should be cooked no more than once a week.
- Fermented milk products. bought on the day of feeding, which ensures maximum food freshness. It is important to purchase foods with low fat content so that the kitten’s stomach can easily cope with the food received.
- A variety of cereals. the kitten can be given rice, buckwheat or oatmeal, the main requirement is the high-quality preparation of the product so that it does not contain undercooked pieces that will complicate the digestion process.
- Plant-based foods. For a variety of foods, you can add boiled carrots, beets, zucchini and greens to the diet. It is best to mix vegetables with meat, because in this combination kittens are much more willing to eat.
- Fish. kittens can only cook sea fish, which has a low fat content. It is especially important to consider the size, type and number of bones, which can cause big problems in a small animal. Cod, hake, haddock are most suitable for such pets, but you should not give fish more often 2-3 times a month.
- Eggs. for kittens from 1 to 3 months, quail is best suited, since they contain the most vitamins and nutrients. In addition, this is the minimum risk of contracting something, as can be the case with chicken eggs. Quail eggs must be boiled, you can give both white and yolk, and over time, even allow the kitten to drink the contents of the shell. As for chicken eggs, it is allowed to use only the yolk, which will benefit in contrast to the protein. In this case, the yolk is given only boiled and no more than 1-2 times a week.
- Vegetable oil. for additional nutrients, you can add olive, sea buckthorn and flaxseed oil to food. You can add it to food several times a week in an amount not exceeding one teaspoon.
By sprouting and giving it to the kitten periodically to eat, you can avoid many problems. The process of feeding a small pet has its own characteristics, without the knowledge of which it will be difficult to raise it while maintaining its health. The food for the crumbs should be warm, not overheated, and the heat treatment of the products should be of high quality. All other cooking options will be unacceptable for the growing animal.
How many times a day to feed?
Since the size of a small kitten is still small, it is important to give the correct amount of food for each meal. It is age that influences the frequency of feedings and portion sizes. It is recommended to give your pet food often, but in small quantities, otherwise you can provoke the development of diseases of the digestive tract.
Age-specific feeding options:
- a month-old kitten should be fed 6 to 8 times a day;
- two months. no more than 5 times a day;
- three months. 4 times;
- starting from 4-5 months and up to a year, the pet is fed no more than three times a day;
- when the cat is old enough, you can switch to two meals a day, it is recommended to do this no earlier than in a year and a half.
A newborn kitten eats only mother’s milk and does not need any other food. At 1 month, he already lacks such nutrition and needs to introduce new food. It is best to start with dairy products (fermented baked milk or kefir). Such products are poured into a bowl, which allows you to accustom your pet to eating independently in a designated place and from certain dishes.
By the age of two months, you can begin to introduce pates for kittens and cook soft porridge, to which grated meat is added.
At 2 months, the kitten’s diet becomes wider and more varied, vegetables are introduced, which, together with the meat, are no longer frayed, but finely chopped. Dairy products are still important and should make up a large part of the diet. At the age of three months, you can switch to full-fledged feeding, a quarter of which is dairy products (but not pure milk). The diet should also include cereals, meat and vegetables, which are cut into large pieces. If you wish, you can let your pet try raw vegetables.
As for the amount of food in one serving, approximate calculations are made according to the scheme. 150 g of food per 1 kg of the kitten’s weight. This data may change depending on the calorie content of the food. In the case of ready-made feed, the packaging already contains the norms for each age group.
For information on how to feed a kitten, see the next video.
How often to feed?
Kids eat a lot, 5-6 meals a day is the norm. In general, a kitten should eat 120 g per day. It is impossible for the baby to eat this rate at a time. If the kitten eats less than the norm, then it is worth trying to change the food. If the animal refuses food, it is better to contact the veterinarian.
Upon reaching 2 months, the kitten can be fed a little more. up to 180 g. At this moment, it is important to monitor the activity of the pet. the more playful and active need more food.
If you leave for the whole day and leave the kitten alone, feed him before leaving and leave the food in the bowl, and feed him again when you return.
Do not neglect this important point. vitamins and supplements will have a beneficial effect on the kitten’s body.
- Doctor Zoo;
Before buying vitamins, consult a specialist. Veterinarians will advise on which food supplements are best for your pet, and tell you if he needs them at all. The most popular supplement for cats is fish oil. Veterinarians advise giving it 2 capsules for 7 days.
Solid food training
Little kittens are gradually transferred to solid food. Veterinarians advise taking into account the nutrition of the kitten: if you plan to feed it with meat, you can cut small pieces of fillet and add them to the broth, if the crumb eats liquid porridge, you can gradually dilute them and add more solid foods, for example, cereals.
If kittens willingly eat meat, then not all of them appreciate vegetables. A kitten accustomed to liquid food will make it harder to get used to solid food. stay close and control the pet’s nutrition.
At 1.5 months
Below we will consider how and what to feed a kitten at 1.5 months at home:
At this age, the pet can already feed on its own, and its diet must be balanced. At this age, the kitten can be fed:
- oatmeal and buckwheat cereals;
- vegetables (any, except for potatoes, are served boiled or raw);
- raw meat (lean varieties). Served raw, boiled or scalded in boiling water. Meat products make up 60 to 80% of the total daily food volume.;
- boiled offal;
- cottage cheese. 30 g per day, preferably not greasy;
- raw fish, previously doused with boiling water (about 1 time in 7 days);
- greens (you can ask in the zoo department).
What and how often to feed a kitten?
Mother-cat’s milk is the main food of newborn kittens, but if the baby is left without it, you can switch to independent nutrition.
But you need to carefully monitor the nutrition of the crumbs. The diet of a small kitten should be thought out: whole and healthy. The baby does not need to be given food intended for adult cats, he needs liquid food.
Features of feeding cats of different breeds
There are no main differences in food, cats are predators, periodically all breeds are given meat or fish. But there are insignificant differences: for example, the British Shorthairs are fed a hearty meal. they grow quickly and need more abundant nutrition. Russian blue cats should not be given a liver, and the Maine Coon needs abundant and dense nutrition (the main thing is not to overfeed).
Is it possible to prepare food in 1.5 months?
Cat lovers and veterinarians advise against mixing feed and natural foods. Many people buy mostly ready-made cat food for a number of reasons:
- saving time;
- nutritional balance.
If you want to feed your pet with food, you should consider that:
- it cannot be converted to natural food;
- you cannot mix feed of different brands, since they have different trace elements;
- only high-quality industrial feed is suitable for feeding.
Choose high-quality balanced food and there will be no health problems for your kitten.
Kittens love wet food, but they are a little more expensive. However, according to veterinarians, dry quality is more useful.
It should be noted that wet food contains about 80% water, and the pet does not need to constantly drink water. With dry food, everything is different. there should always be a clean bowl with drinking clean water near the bowl of food.
Veterinarians consider the following brands to be good feeds:
- Royal Canin;
- Almo Nature;
- Pro Plan Junior;
- Eukanuba puppy kitten.
The price tag can scare the owners of the kitten, but believe me. by purchasing good food, you only benefit. You will not have to buy additional vitamins, and the kitten will be healthy, and you will not have to spend money on treatment.
How to feed a month old kitten
Newborn kittens rarely drink water, but they need liquid food (take 10% cream. you will definitely not go wrong). There should always be a bowl of clean water next to food, which should be changed regularly. Make it a rule to wash his bowl after each meal of the crumbs, cats are clean creatures, your kitten will not like a dirty bowl. It is best to take not plastic, but metal.
Up to 1 month, feed the kitten 8 times a day. Gradually, the number of meals is reduced as the pet grows older. If the baby refuses to eat, do not delay visiting the veterinarian.
At 4 months of age, give the kitten 50g. food at a time (per 100 g of weight). The weight norm of a small kitten is 200 g, 100 g of food will be enough for him per day.
What ready-made feed to choose
Dozens of feeds on the market are definitely a plus. But how not to get confused among all this variety and choose exactly the food that best suits the kitten?
To ensure that your pet grows healthy and happy, and the developing body receives all the vitamins and minerals it needs, veterinarians and nutritionists have developed a special Purina ONE ® kitten food. It is available in two flavors: Purina ONE® Wet Chicken & Carrot and Purina ONE® Dry High Chicken & Whole Grain.
At first, it is recommended to give dry food, soaking it with a little water. Then you can simply transfer to dry food. And then wet food is gradually introduced into the menu so that the pet can eat both hard and soft food.
The feed has a carefully selected composition. Thanks to this, it can be given to a pet starting from 1 month and up to 1 year.
What’s special about Purina ONE ® kitten food?
- It contains all the necessary trace elements.
- Well absorbed and improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Helps Strengthen Muscles and Bones.
- Helps to develop the vital functions of the body correctly.
This food is also recommended for pregnant and lactating cats. Why? These animals have an increased need for calories and protein compared to their daily life and normal diet. The same is necessary for a young growing kitten’s body. In addition, the cubs, repeating after their mother and trying this food, will be able to switch to independent feeding in a more natural way without additional efforts on the part of the owner.
How to feed a kitten over one month old
When the kitten reaches one month of age, then its milk diet can be gradually diversified with other products. And then the owner faces the question: will he stick to natural nutrition or will he choose ready-made feed? Both types of feeding have their advantages.
The advantages of industrial feed:
- easy to determine serving size (usually indicated on the package);
- simplicity and convenience of feeding. A real salvation for busy people;
- balanced diet;
- a large selection, so you can choose based on the characteristics of the pet;
- if stored properly, it can be consumed longer than natural food.
When feeding industrial feed, the following rules should also be taken into account:
- Do not mix the type of food. If the choice is made in favor of industrial feed, then only it can be given.
- When buying ready-made food for a kitten, you should always pay attention to the age marks. Each has its own composition, and the kitten food differs in the set of microelements from the food for adult cats.
What happens if you feed a kitten with adult food
In order for a kitten to grow strong and healthy, from the first days of life it needs mother’s milk. For the first 4 weeks, this is his only food, and the owner’s task is to provide the mother-cat with a varied and balanced food. A month-old kitten can already start trying other products besides milk, so the owner needs to choose the necessary diet for the proper development of a fragile body.
How to feed a newborn kitten yourself
If it happened that the mother-cat does not have the opportunity to feed the kitten (various diseases, she abandoned the cubs, died during childbirth), then the owner will have to do it himself.
Normally, cats feed their newborn cubs every two hours. So the problem of feeding a kitten left without breast milk will have to be solved promptly. Delaying a few hours can dehydrate the kitten.
First of all, you should consult with a veterinarian who will tell you in detail how to properly feed a newborn kitten. The fact is that during the first feeding, the cat does not release milk, but colostrum, with which the cubs receive immunoglobulins, which form their immune system. In such cases, a cat’s milk substitute with the addition of immunoglobulins is recommended. all this can be purchased at the clinic or veterinary pharmacy with a doctor’s prescription.
There you can also purchase a bottle with a nipple for feeding a small pet. If it was not there, then you can make an analogue yourself: for example, take a syringe without a needle or a rubber nozzle from a pipette, pre-punctured 2 holes for air in it.
If there is no substitute for cat milk, then you can use goat milk or milk formula for babies. Here are some recipes for mixtures based on them:
- Add the beaten egg white to the goat milk in a 5: 1 ratio.
- Add 2-3 drops of sunflower or corn oil and 1 drop of glucose to goat milk. A drop of liquid vitamins for kittens should be added every 3 days.
- Dilute powdered concentrated milk with fennel decoction and add a little cream.
- Add 2 egg yolks, 5-7 ml of vegetable oil and a drop of vitamins in 200 ml of milk.
But you should not drink a kitten with cow’s milk. First, it is too different in composition from the feline, contains less fat and other essential components. Secondly, cow’s milk is poorly absorbed by the kitten’s body.
How often and how much to feed a kitten under 4 weeks of age
However, it is not enough to know just what to feed the kitten with. It is very important to understand that, on what schedule you should do it.
- In the first week you need to feed the kitten every 2 hours. both day and night. It is recommended to give 5 ml of the mixture (1-2 teaspoons). It should be heated to 38-39 ° C. If the kitten begins to fall asleep while feeding, then he is full and needs to rest.
- In the second week the interval between feedings can be increased up to 2.5 hours, and the temperature can be lowered to 30-32 ° C. Now you also need to weigh the kitten in order to determine the optimal portion size: the pet must add at least 14g in weight daily (100-150 g per week).
- In the third week the feeding interval increases to 3 hours, and the temperature of the mixture can be lowered to 28-30 ° C. A kitten should receive 48-50 ml of food per day for every 100 g of its weight.
- In the fourth week the interval between feedings is increased to 4 hours, and the temperature of the mixture is reduced to 24-26 ° C.
It is also necessary to follow the basic rules for caring for a small kitten, which play an important role, including for its digestion:
- Purchase or make a warm and cozy incubator (instead of a mother cat) so that the food received is better absorbed and the kitten does not experience stress. You can use an ordinary box in which a heating pad is placed, a blanket and a diaper on top. Plastic hot water bottles are sometimes used instead of a heating pad.
- Make sure that the kitten’s place is always dry and clean.
- Do not take a small pet in your arms unnecessarily.
- Do not store ready mix for more than 24 hours.
- When feeding a kitten, put it on the palm of your hand so that the head does not tilt back.
- The kitten must suck the mixture out of the bottle by itself. Do not squeeze it out, otherwise the liquid may enter the pet’s respiratory tract.
- When the kitten has eaten, it is necessary to massage its stomach with a soft swab, clean the muzzle of the remnants of the food, and the anus and genitals. from secretions.
- It is important to monitor the consistency of the stool. If it is too liquid or solid, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
What about natural products? They also have their advantages:
- for a pet, you can make a very diverse menu;
- the owner always knows what dishes are prepared for his pet;
- such a diet is close to natural.
It is important to maintain a balance and remember which foods are suitable for feeding your pet.
When Can Kittens Eat Adult Food? Whiskas K.I.T.
How often and how much to feed a kitten
A kitten at 1 month old needs completely different amounts of food than a kitten at 2 months old or a kitten at 3 months old. As they grow older, a small pet needs to increase the serving size, as well as the time interval between feedings. In order for the transition to the diet of an adult animal to occur smoothly and without harm to the young body, it is worth following simple recommendations:
How to feed a kitten at 1.5 months. To feed a kitten with industrial food, you need to know the following proportions:
|Dry food||25-35 g||7 times|
|Pouchy (wet)||1.5-2 pcs|
|Spider dry food||1 spider 5-15 g|
hereinafter, the frequency of feeding with prepared food and natural food coincides
If we talk about natural nutrition, then from this age, fermented milk products, liquid cereals and finely chopped boiled meat are gradually introduced. The kitten must get used to eating more solid food, and his body must learn to absorb it. In total, 120-130 g should be given per day.
How to feed a kitten at 2 months.
|Dry food||40-50 g||6 times|
|Pouchy (wet)||2-2.5 pcs|
|Spider dry food||1 spider 15-30 g|
At this age, the kitten begins to move more actively and learn about the world, so he needs a lot of energy. The main menu for the pet is still dairy products, boiled meat and cereals, but now boiled vegetables are also added to them. The volume of food increases to 160-180 g per day.
How to feed a kitten at 3 months.
|Dry food||50-65 g||5 times|
|Pouchy (wet)||2,5-3 pcs|
|Spider dry food||1 spider 30-45 g|
Now the kitten‘s nutrition is based on meat and cereals, vegetables can be fed raw, and the amount of necessary fermented milk products is reduced. The daily portion of food is almost doubled: now the pet needs to be given 180-240 g of food.