What weed can you give your pet?
Any herb that is suitable for humans in its raw form can be given to the animal for consumption. But it is worth remembering that the onion is unlikely to be to the taste of the animal, but the hamster will not refuse the salad. Greens from the street can be given only if they are collected away from highways and busy traffic.
Clover, burdock (young shoots), wormwood grass in moderate doses are suitable for food for a rodent. A number of the following are also worth remembering:
- Wheatgrass is considered a common plant. It can also be seen in the composition of hay intended for rodents. A moderate amount of wheatgrass will benefit the rodent.
- Knotweed is often used in traditional medicine. This herb is safe for rodents too.
- As for the dandelion, the hamster can only eat the leafy part of the plant. But you need to feed the animal carefully. Too much dandelion can harm the rodent’s digestive system. It is necessary to introduce dandelion into the hamster’s diet only after consulting a veterinarian.
- Plantain, in addition to knotweed, is also recommended for hamsters in unlimited quantities.
- Another herb that has a high nutrient value is nettle. This plant is useful for rodents as a means of preventing vitamin deficiency. In early spring, the animal is allowed to give nettle leaves. But before that, they should be boiled to remove the acid. Then squeeze, cut and give to the pet.
What grass and greens do hamsters eat?
With the onset of spring, many hamster owners are interested in whether it is possible to give grass to rodents. On the one hand, it is a well-known source of nutrients and trace elements, but on the other hand, picking fresh grass in early spring is not as safe as it seems at first glance. Beginners in matters of keeping domestic hamsters should carefully study the nuances of introducing grass into the diet of their pets.
Benefits of grass for a hamster:
- Thanks to proteins and carbohydrates, it is a valuable source of energy;
- The herb is rich in vitamin C and carotenoids;
- It is a rich source of mineral compounds;
- In some cases, the herb can be a medicine for the rodent;
- In natural conditions, it is the material for the animal’s nest.
It is also worth remembering that in natural conditions, the grass for the rodent is a kind of refuge. The fresh and dry foliage is used by the animals to build nests for the young. The herb sometimes helps keep joints healthy, which is important for Syrian hamsters. High-quality greens help them eliminate ailments, restore the body after illness.
Do not forget that domestic hamsters, unlike their wild counterparts, do not know how to distinguish poisonous grass from suitable for consumption. Therefore, it is undesirable to bring any greens from the street, such negligence can result in the death of the animal.
The owner is always responsible for the quality of his pet’s food. If you are unsure of the nutritional value of a product, it is best not to give it to an animal. Grass is unsuitable after dew or rain, mowed stale is also not recommended for feeding hamsters. often mold, dangerous for rodents, forms there.
Where can you get grass for a rodent?
Greens for a rodent can be collected only in the suburban area, as well as in a park or forest area. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that the grass is treated with chemicals such as pesticides. To neutralize possible additives, it is recommended to leave the herbs in water for a while. The liquid will absorb substances harmful to the rodent, leaving only useful vitamins. In the summer, grass grows all over the place.
But before collecting, you need to consider a number of nuances:
- A little life hack: greens can be soaked in water for a couple of hours, and then given to the hamster as needed. This method will help provide your pet with nutrients throughout the year.
- The grass, collected with your own hands and prepared, can be chopped and dried. Drying should not be in the open sun, but in the shade. In addition, this herb can be mixed with compound feed.
- Some owners grow grass on windowsills on purpose. You can grow it both from seeds and with the help of a special herb left by the animals half-eaten.
Succulent food contains a lot of water, which is good for your pet. Young grass is considered especially useful. But, as mentioned above, not every grass is suitable for a complete nutrition of a rodent. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, you need to carefully study the prohibited and permitted varieties of herbs and, depending on this, already form the diet.
Why do rodents need grass?
Many newbies question whether hamsters eat grass. They love her very much, lettuce leaves are a priority for most species of rodents. Grass is source of nutrients for rodents. It can be included in the diet of both popular and rare animal species.
How to give grass to a rodent?
It is important to understand that herbs of field and garden type will not replace adequate nutrition for a rodent. Therefore, it would be more logical to combine herbs with food, vegetables and fruits.
On the advice of experienced breeders, you need to pay attention to a number of the following details:
- If you rinse the greens thoroughly with plain water, you can promptly remove harmful substances from the plant, as well as possible chemicals that may be toxic to the pet.
- Young grass is best suited for a rodent’s diet. Later varieties can cause gastrointestinal problems due to sharper particles that cannot be digested by the body.
- A variety of pet’s diet is a guarantee of its excellent well-being. It is recommended to remove low-quality and dead grass before serving.
- It is not worth giving sluggish grass, therefore it is better to remove it in a timely manner. If the owner initially overlooked such a moment, the hamster can put the grass aside for later, it will start to rot, and the pet will get poisoned.
If there are children in the family, you should not allow your pet to feed unhealthy foods like mint or cabbage. You can conduct an introductory conversation with the child, explaining to him what can be given to the pet and what should be avoided. This will develop the baby and help keep the hamster out of trouble.
What herbs are undesirable to give hamsters
In order to avoid misunderstandings related to rodent nutrition yourself, it is important to know about the list of prohibited plants.
- Sorrel. due to the content of a large amount of acid, it is not recommended to get carried away with this herb in the hamster’s diet;
- Mint. banned due to the high content of harmful essential oils;
- Bulbous families. considered toxic to the hamster;
- Needles. can cause allergies and be unsafe for the rodent. That is why it is not recommended to use it even as a bedding. In the role of the latter, only deciduous trees are ideal.
It is in the natural food that substances and microelements useful for the rodent are contained. But the grass must be in the rodent’s diet. The main task of the owner is to supply herb suitable for animal nutrition, free of chemicals, so as not to harm the health of the rodent.
What I’m a master at is talking about hamsters incessantly. I have three hamsters at home, and my husband has a tame rat. So we live, eat with six, sleep with six 🙂
Both fresh and boiled vegetables play an important role in the daily diet of the Syrian hamster, but in rather small quantities (40-50 g). Will be useful:
- Pumpkin, zucchini, eggplant;
- Radishes, turnips, carrots, beets;
- Cucumber, bell pepper (paprika);
- Tomatoes (rarely, a couple of times a week);
- Green beans.
All vegetables must be thoroughly washed and skinned (preferably). You can not give rotten and stale fruits to Syrian hamsters, because then poisoning is guaranteed.
Prohibited, can harm health with a fatal outcome:
- Onion garlic;
- Radish, potatoes.
How to choose food
The choice of food for rodents is extremely wide, it is extremely important to choose the most optimal one in terms of composition. A good feed grain / cereal mix for Syrian hamsters should definitely include:
- Oats, wheat;
- Buckwheat, millet (preferably red);
- Corn, split peas;
- Peanuts, cashews;
- Sunflower seed, alfalfa;
- Flax, sesame;
- Pumpkin seeds, etc.
Before buying, you must carefully study the entire composition of the product. Ideally, it should be like this:
- Proteins. not less than 14%;
- Fiber. 5-8%;
- Fat. up to 8%.
High quality food for Syrian hamsters must meet the following requirements:
- Do not contain various colorants, flavor enhancers, preservatives and other artificial additives;
- There shouldn’t be any exotic fruits, honey, sugar and salty ingredients;
- All grains must be intact and undamaged, free of dust, dirt, mold and other foreign inclusions;
- The packaging is sealed, with a good shelf life, without traces of opening and damage (preferably transparent so that its contents can be seen).
The protein component is extremely relevant in the diet of the Syrian hamster, they are given such food 2-3 times a week (15-20 g each). As an addition to the main menu, use:
Legumes (chickpeas, beans, peas) contain a lot of protein. They are served boiled or soaked.
Hamsters are very fond of various nuts and seeds, they often choose them from the feed mixture, leaving everything else in the bowl. But, since they are very fatty, they cannot be given in large quantities (no more than 1-2 pieces are allowed every 10-15 days), you can:
- Shelled walnuts, peanuts;
- Hazelnut (with veterinarian permission);
- Cashews, pine nuts;
- Sunflower, pumpkin and watermelon seed.
Extremely undesirable, and sometimes deadly for Syrian hamsters:
- Brazilian walnut;
Fresh green food should be a significant part of the daily menu for the Syrian hamster. Permitted useful plants:
- Garden greens: lawn grass (only bluegrass is allowed), vegetable tops (turnips, beets, carrots), parsley, celery, dill, lettuce;
- Weeds: young shoots of nettle, dandelion (leaves without a central vein, strong choleretic, not much), wheatgrass;
- Medicinal plants: knotweed, petals of rosaceous crops (wild rose, rose, etc.), plantain;
- Forage crops: sprouts of wheat or oats, alfalfa, clover, alfalfa.
- Young leaves of garden fruit and berry crops and some trees: pear, apple, birch, cherry, willow, maple, etc.
- Hay (in winter).
Hamsters should not be given all the greens indiscriminately, some plants should never be given:
- Sorrel, potato tops (and sprouts);
- Wormwood (possible only as directed by a veterinarian);
- Mint, tarragon and other herbs;
- Plain street grass.
To grind down the front teeth, which grow constantly all their life, the Syrian hamster must be provided with branches of tree crops:
- Birch, maple, poplar;
- Ash, willow, oak, beech;
- Apple trees, pears, cherries.
Also, the following foods are completely contraindicated for hamsters:
- Flour, bakery;
- Sausage products;
- Salty and sweet (especially chocolate);
- Food from the common table;
- Pasta (dry);
- Canned food;
- Smoked, fatty, spicy and spicy.
The hamster diet can seem monotonous and boring. After all, it is dominated by ordinary grains and vegetables. In addition to the main menu, the Syrian hamster, you can pamper yourself with delicacies that he can eat without any harm to his own health:
- Fruit chips;
- Dried fruits (raisins, dried apricots);
- Popcorn (unsalted and without oil);
- Pink petals.
- Grain sticks, balls, houses, etc.;
- Fruit and nut mixtures;
- Filled tartlets;
- Delicacy on a cookie (not to be confused with homemade cookies).
You can also cook tasty treats with your own hands:
- Roll into balls of banana pulp, raisins and oatmeal. You can add grated carrots and apples.
- Add the usual grain mixture to the beaten egg white, mix and form small cakes. Bake at 30. 60 ° C in the oven until hardened.
- Prepare a salad of fresh herbs (clover, etc.) and finely chopped walnuts.
- String tasty pieces (vegetables, fruits, etc.) on a toothpick.
The correct diet of the Syrian hamster
Domesticated Syrian hamsters are not capricious and fastidious; in the wild, their relatives eat a wide variety of foods. The menu of domestic rodents should be as close as possible to a natural diet and be based on the following components:
- Cereal crops;
- Succulent plant feed;
- Protein component.
It is customary to feed Syrian hamsters twice a day (morning and evening), at a time they are given no more than 25-30 g of grain mixture (tablespoon). over, in the first meal it is better to give a slightly smaller portion, and in the evening the main portion (60-70%). This is due to the fact that hamster activity reaches its highest peak precisely with the onset of darkness (when they expend a lot of calories).
Alternating feed and food
Veterinarians do not recommend keeping hamsters on some dry mixes, they must be alternated with other products (various cereals and vegetables). Instead of food, if it is suddenly over, you can occasionally give a loaf (gray, black, rye, with bran, cereals, etc.). Small rodents cannot be starved, since they have an intensive metabolism, and long breaks in food intake are extremely painful and harmful for them. The Syrian hamster is able not to eat for 2-3 days, but it is still better not to allow such a situation and not to risk.
In the daily diet of the Syrian hamster, cereals make up the base (at least 30%), which cannot be replaced by anything. You can give:
- Buckwheat. preferably dry or soaked in warm water for 10-12 hours, but you can also boiled (in water);
- Wheat. best sprouted or cold soaked. Dry grain is poorly absorbed by the body of the Syrian hamster;
- Oats. flakes (rolled oats) and grain (if possible unpeeled) are allowed. Sprouted oats are very useful for hamsters;
- Lentils. can be in any form (boiled and natural dry);
- Barley, a little steamed;
- Barley, without shell.
It is not recommended to feed the Syrian hamster with such cereals:
- Rice is a heavy food that contains nothing useful.
- Semolina. promotes weight gain, and practically does not contain nutrients and microelements, this is an empty refined cereal.
- Millet. if given, then only unpeeled (millet) and a little.
Fruits and berries
It is undoubtedly useful and even necessary to feed the Syrian hamster with fresh fruits and sometimes berries. After all, they are extremely rich in useful substances, various minerals and vitamins required for the normal functioning of the body. Useful and recommended:
- Apples (12-15 g daily), fresh and dried;
- Bananas (1-2 times a week for 8-10 g), fresh and dried;
- Fresh pears (10-12 twice a week), dried (5-6 g every 10-14 days);
- Peach, apricot, nectarine (1-2 times a month for 5-6 g);
Berries are relevant in the hamster’s diet, but they are rarely added and little by little (half or a whole berry once a week):
- Blackberries, raspberries;
- Strawberries, strawberries;
- Red and white currants;
- Gooseberries, lingonberries, blueberries, grapes and cherries, cherries (must be pitted).
The following are prohibited:
- Any citrus fruits (pamelo, orange, tangerine, etc.);
- Exotic fruits from the tropics (coconut, kiwi, pineapple, etc.);
- Melon watermelon;
- Sea buckthorn, barberry;
- Pomegranate seeds.
What to feed the Syrian hamster
Domestic hamsters and Syrian hamsters, including, are freed from the need to get food for themselves. They are entirely in the care of the owner, who must be well versed in all the intricacies of feeding. Indeed, not only the well-being and health of the hamster, but also the length of his life directly depends on the balance and completeness of the diet.
How to feed your hamster (hamster food)
How to feed your hamster
The diet of domestic hamsters is different from that of wild hamsters in nature. And, of course, from the human diet: food from our table is intolerable for a delicate hamster’s body. Processed food with fats, sugar, salt and spices is deadly to rodents. And especially sweet, although they love it. Hamsters don’t know which foods are good for them and which ones are bad, they eat everything. But since you know about this, then you will take care of your pets!
Dry food for hamsters
Grain food for parrots, rats, guinea pigs and other rodents and birds has a completely different composition. You can’t buy it for hamsters!
Wet food for hamsters
The diet of hamsters must necessarily and daily include juicy and green food. only fresh and washed!
Vegetables. Carrots, squash, pumpkin, beets, lettuce and other vegetables from the list of permitted foods. Cabbage, potatoes, watermelons are prohibited!
Fruit. Apples (from 2 months), grapes, currants, in small quantities. Pears, apricots, bananas are rare as a delicacy. Dried fruits. dried apricots, raisins, apples (except for prunes). Exotic (kiwi, avocado, persimmon, pomegranate, etc.) and citrus fruits (oranges, tangerines) are prohibited!
Greens. Hamsters can be given small amounts of green grass (which one. read the list of permitted foods. here), in particular, lettuce, parsley, dill, dandelion, yellow clover leaves, which grow far from the city and roads. It is not recommended to give hay to the hamster, except for short stalks (there is a danger that the foot will get tangled in a long stalk and die off). You can grow grass for hamsters on a windowsill by sowing seeds uneaten by them in a pot of soil.
Nuts and seeds. Some texts on the Internet contain advice on adding inshell nuts and seeds from apricots, peaches and plums, pine cones to hamster food. This is absolutely impossible to do! The animals can injure the mouth, cheek pouches, break teeth, and treating hamsters is much more difficult than taking precautions. In addition, the grains of stone fruit trees (plums, peaches, apricots) are bitter and toxic to hamsters. Nuts and sunflower seeds, pumpkins are in the main feed, therefore, they are additionally given to hamsters only as a delicacy, no more than 2 times a week.
Daily protein supplement: cottage cheese no more than 2% fat, boiled egg, boiled chicken breast without salt and spices, mung bean or oat sprouts. everything alternates after 2 days.
Some “authors” advise giving milk, cheese, a loaf. do not believe it, these are very dangerous products for hamsters! Milk is poorly absorbed and damages the stomach and intestines. Cheese and a loaf cause severe constipation and death of the animal.
There should be a gnawing stick in the cage (hamsters need to grind long teeth): it can be made from birch, apple, hazel, beech. trees growing outside the city. The stick is boiled for an hour and a half before use and dried.
Water for hamsters
Many people think that since hamsters do not drink the entire drinker in a day, they do not drink water. But hamsters are not elephants, you simply won’t notice the amount you drink. Therefore, a drinking bowl with fresh (every day!) Water must always be ready. Not in a bowl underfoot, but in a clean hanging drinker.
Many people ask: what kind of water to give hamsters? Not boiled, not distilled, because In them useful active substances are “killed”. Feel free to give the water you drink yourself: well, tap, spring water, passed through an aquafilter, etc.
Vitamins for hamsters
Food for the elderly, sick and weakened hamsters
When a hamster becomes old, his teeth weaken, so you need to notice in time that he is no longer eating as actively as before, and offer him (without fanaticism!) Ground food and nuts, mashed vegetables, as well as children’s dairy-free cereals and purees ( without sugar, salt, starch, not potato, not rice). The hamster will eat such food with pleasure. But the main grain feed must be constantly with him in order to prevent intestinal upset.
It is convenient to add medicines and vitamins to such cereals and mashed potatoes for sick and weakened hamsters. Just remember that an opened jar of puree should not stand in the refrigerator for more than 2 days.
Warm chamomile serves as a drink for the sick and weak. It is brewed 2 times a day, since K. The broth spoils quickly. Milk and honey, contrary to some advice. Are prohibited!
Often in a situation where the hamster is sick and refuses to eat, you need to force-feed him, and as often as possible, otherwise he will not recover. Then you can soak the ground food with hot water until it becomes sour cream and feed it warm from a syringe without a needle, holding a syringe in one hand and a hamster in the other at a slight slope. Children’s cereals are fed in the same way. You need to feed and drink carefully so that the hamster does not swell.
What a hamster eats in nature and at home
Since wild hamsters are steppe and lowland inhabitants, their natural diet includes seeds of cereals and legumes: rye, wheat, oats, buckwheat, peas, corn, sunflowers and other crops. And, of course, dry herbs, roots, berries, nuts, fruits and vegetables.
In natural conditions, hamsters eat fully only in the warm months, the rest of the time their food is stocks that are brought to underground storage using cheek pouches.
The owner should not try to compose feed mixtures on his own: he will not be able to provide the required composition of a complete base feed, which includes various cereals and legumes, vegetable granules. In the amount that is needed for the normal development of the hamster’s body and keeping it in shape.
The main grain feed should always be in the hamster’s feeder. Do not pay attention to the recommendations to give out a tablespoon per day, pour in handfuls. You cannot save on a hamster diet. A hamster, whose feeder is quickly emptied, worries about a lack of food, begins to build up reserves from a poor diet, as a result, malnourishes and becomes ill.
Spikelet-shaped treats (stick covered with grains with a sweet substance) should not replace the main feed. You need to give such a stick once a month. Other “snacks”. nuts, seeds, dried apricots, raisins, biscuits for rodents, crunchy granular additives. should be given infrequently and in small quantities, for example, alternating every 2-3 days. The hamster’s body does not tolerate sweet, fatty, spicy, starchy foods and quickly breaks down.
Svetlana TOLINA, rodent specialist.
How to feed a hamster at home
Every owner who takes care of his hamster wants to treat his pet with something tasty. be it a vegetable, fruit or berry, and then watch how the animal feasts on the treat, stuffing it into its cheeks. But do not forget that not all fruits and vegetables can be given to a rodent, even if they are grown in your own garden or vegetable garden. So what to feed a hamster at home, you ask. We will try to answer this question in this article.
What is prohibited
To begin with, everything that is bought on the market can be dangerous for your pet’s health, since you do not know where, how, and with what technology the purchased bunch of parsley or lettuce was grown. Maybe it was grown near a highway with heavy traffic, or it was treated with a huge amount of fertilizers and pesticides. And then it happens that you gave a little of this greenery to your pet, and after a while the cheerful hamster wilted, he developed vomiting, diarrhea, increased salivation, convulsions or paralysis.
And it will be good if you manage to help the rodent in time by using emetics and washing the hamster’s stomach. If you do not see signs of poisoning in time or do not help your pet, then, most likely, everything will end sadly. Sadly, many hamsters die every year from poisoning with cucumbers, salad or watermelon. And the owners just wanted to pamper their pets fresh.
What about berries and fruits
When offering fruits or berries to your hamster, remove seeds from them first. After all, your pet chews on everything, including the bones of apples, cherries, containing toxic substances that can be fatal to a rodent.
If you have a dwarf hamster, then it is undesirable to feed it with sweet fruits and berries. Since these animals are prone to diabetes, it is safer to exclude such fruits and berries from their diet, giving preference to vegetables.
The most popular fruit for feeding hamsters is the apple. Sweet varieties of apples are best suited for these animals, but sour and unripe fruits do not need to be given to rodents. Also, do not feed rotten fruit to your pet. It is not recommended to offer apples to small hamsters up to two weeks of age, they may develop ascites. accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Some pear varieties have a laxative effect, so this fruit should be given in small quantities.
Apricots, peaches, plums, cherries and cherries can be given, but in small quantities and no more than once a week.
In winter, when there is no fresh fruit, you can treat your hamster with dried fruit. The rodent can be given raisins, dried apricots, banana chips, dried apples and pears. Before feeding dried apples and pears, they must first be soaked in water for 2-4 hours.
You can feed your hamster with strawberries or strawberries. your pet will be very happy with such a delicacy. Raspberries should be given in small quantities, or not at all. they weakens. Also, avoid giving rodents sour berries such as barberry or sea buckthorn. Excess acid will not benefit a small animal.
You can offer your pet a small grape. The grapes must be ripe. unripe and fermented berries are not allowed for the pet. Observe the pet carefully, if your hamster does not eat the whole berry, remove the leftovers and discard so that the grapes do not rot and spoil all the hamster supplies, and do not lead to poisoning of the animal.
Do not feed your pet with watermelon and melon. After all, people often suffer from nitrate poisoning, which these melons and gourds absorb into themselves. And hamsters can even die.
Citrus and exotic fruits are banned for the hamster. There is a lot of acid in citrus fruits, due to which a disorder of the digestive system can occur in a small animal.
The only exceptions are bananas. you can give them a little. Or offer banana chips.
To begin with, consider what most often grows in our homestead plots. This is green. You can feed your pet with parsley, dill, lettuce, as well as dandelion, plantain and clover leaves, he will like such a treat. But at the same time, juicy greens can be dangerous for a hamster, because it is able to absorb harmful substances from the air and soil.
Grass for the rodent should be collected away from highways, rinsed and dried well before feeding to the rodent. What grass can a hamster and how to collect it, we told here.
Parsley has a laxative effect, which is why it should be given to rodents in small quantities. And from the diet of pregnant and lactating females, this product must be completely removed.
Give your hamster lettuce with care, as it is a succulent plant. But you cannot feed the animal with sorrel, green shoots of onions and garlic. Celery can be rodents, but it is very juicy and therefore there is a high probability that such food will harm. Therefore, it is worth giving up.
Offer your hamster branches of deciduous or fruit trees to grind teeth. Such as birch, beech, maple, poplar, oak, willow, cherry, apple or pear. And the branches of coniferous trees cannot be rodents, because they contain resin that is harmful to hamsters. Twigs should be collected away from roads and washed in boiling water before feeding to the pet.
What vegetables can hamsters
Opinions differ very much about cabbage. Some people believe that all varieties of cabbage are good for hamsters, except for red cabbage, from which the animals have a puffy stomach. Others believe that cabbage is very difficult for the rodent’s digestive system, so it should not be given. Our opinion is that a hamster can be fed with cauliflower and broccoli, but it is better for a pet to refrain from feeding other varieties of this healthy vegetable.
You can treat your pet with a tomato, but in small quantities. But you can feed the hamster without restrictions with sweet bell pepper.
You can also invite your pet to eat a cucumber if you are sure that it is free of nitrates and other harmful substances. The hamster will not give up pumpkin and zucchini. For feeding rodents, only young zucchini fruits are used. And pumpkin should not be fed to animals under two weeks of age.
Potatoes contain a lot of starch, so it is not recommended to give them. But occasionally you can give your hamster a small piece of raw or boiled potatoes if the pet tolerates this product well.
You can feed a hamster with beets, but there will be no benefit from this vegetable. Better offer the rodent a carrot or radish. these vegetables are rich in vitamins and will only benefit your pet. They can be given to small animals at least every day.
You should not treat the hamster with fresh green peas; before feeding the pet with this vegetable, it should be cooked. You can treat your pet to baby green pea puree or offer young asparagus shoots.
What else to feed your hamster at home
- Hamsters should be given a special mineral stone, as well as vitamins if necessary.
- The pet also needs protein food. Once or twice a week, the hamster can be given a piece of boiled chicken, boiled egg or a little low-fat cottage cheese.
- The hamster should always have water in the drinking bowl. Water must be changed daily, preferably boiled.
- There must also be cereals in the feeder.
- The trough must be clean, wash it regularly and change feed.
- You can not give the animal moldy and rotten food.
- Gradually accustom your pet to new food.
- When feeding a hamster, do not give food from the refrigerator. the food should be at room temperature.
- Also, you can not feed the hamster with human food, which contains salt, sugar, spices.
A complete list of foods prohibited for rodents can be found in this article.
We tried to talk about the main points about how to feed a hamster at home. As you can see, not all products can be fed to a pet without fear for its health. For some products, there is a constant debate about whether hamsters can eat this or that food. But the choice is always yours, if there are concerns about the harmlessness of any food, then it is better to refuse and offer the pet something else. After all, the list of products absolutely harmless for all types of hamsters is very large.
What to give hamsters and what not?
Is it okay to give butter to homecs? They say six will be good)
You can give milk, only 1.5% fat.
You can give a hamster from berries: strawberries, wild strawberries, raspberries (with care), blueberries, yarg and all this in small quantities)))
It is not advisable to give butter.
Damn, help please, I read a lot of sites, what you can feed hamsters and what not! Give a site that I can rely on. And then where it is written that the cucumber is possible and somewhere it is written that it is absolutely impossible. help me please.
Give a website where everything is accurately written with what can and cannot be fed to hamsters.
Let’s say on one it is written like this: HAMS CANNOT BE FEEDED: Cabbage, potatoes, onions, garlic, persimmons, watermelon, sorrel, kiwi, Pineapple, banana, citrus fruits, almond, fatty food, sweet, salted, fried, canned, salt, sugar, cheese, Spices, sausage products, butter, fruit pits, Breakfast cereals, pasta, kozinaki, mushrooms, honey SHOULD BE ADDED: FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS, GREENS (DIENCE, PETRUCHKA, SALAD, CLOVER, LEAVES
Dandelion, plantain) nettle, rose petals, porridge in water, buckwheat porridge, low-fat yoghurt, cottage cheese, egg (boiled), dried apples, banana on the other.
I give my home a little bit of sweets once every two weeks and you will advise me to give or not give anything
My hamsters calmly eat. a loaf of both black and white, cookies, onions, tangerines and oranges. And everything is wonderful with them! Once a month we go to the vrchu and we are completely healthy according to indications)
Or you can give oranges?
Can I give you butter? If possible, how much?
And homemade milk? And how many times a week.
You can only boiled.
The hamster must be given water once a week.!
I also had a biting hamster. But I often dragged it and it is now tame.
You can give porridge
Can you give cookies
You need to give water every day
Hello my hamster eats: dry food, kalbasu, cheese, cucumber, carrot, honey sticks, delicacy, apple, chips, loaf, tap water!
POSSIBLE 1. Vegetable and meat baby food (for feeding young animals and sick animals) 2. Porridge on the water or just cereals soaked in water (for feeding young animals and sick animals) 3. Pumpkin (raw), pumpkin seeds 4. Boiled chicken without salt and spices (rarely) 5. Apples, carrots, peppers (Bulgarian), cucumber, parsley, dill, tomato (not winter), radish, radish, zucchini, beetroot, pear, apricot (a little), dried apricots, melon, strawberry, squash, turnip, eggplant, grapes, banana salad / and iceberg salad /, cauliflower (raw and boiled, but rarely), fresh corn, green beans (you can defrost frozen), Chinese salad (aka Chinese cabbage), broccoli, frozen vegetable mixture 6. Low-fat yogurt, cottage cheese, kefir (in small quantities) 7. Boiled egg (hard boiled), boiled quail egg 8. Boiled carrots, beets 9. Nuts (cr. Almonds) and seeds (walnuts, cashews, hazelnuts, sesame seeds. Peanuts, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds) 10. Loaf pulp with milk, with chamomile solution (the loaf is used exclusively as a base for nutritive or medicinal liquids) 11. Cheese (no larger than a seed) is not often used as a treat 12. Plum. a little 13. Dandelion and plantain leaves 14. Butterflies, mealworm 15. Clover 16. Wheat germ 17. Fresh peas, raw and boiled peas (without salt and boil for a short time) chickpeas (lamb peas, soak overnight), young peas in piles 18. Boiled fish, not fat (rarely) 19. Shrimp (rare) 20. Raisins 21. Melon seeds 22. Dried apples and pears 23. Rose petals 24. Popcorn without salt, sugar and fat (made at home). As a treat 25. Drying. As a treat 26. Buckwheat 27. Earthworms from clean (not urban, but rural) soil 28. Rosehip (peeled and in small quantities) 29. Alfalfa (sprouted) 30. Nettle 31. Dried hamarus 32. Banana Chips 33. Carob 34. Bamboo shoots 35. Barley, wheat, oats 36. Rice, cooked until sticky (for diarrhea) 37. Budgerigar food, bird food 38. Dry food for hamsters 39. All deciduous tree varieties: beech, ash, willow, maple, oak, poplar, walnut, birch, fruit trees such as cherry, pear, apple.
DO NOT 1. SALT, SUGAR, SPICES 2. Oil 3. Cabbage (or very rarely) 4. Citrus 5. Breakfast cereals 6. Almonds 7. Garlic 8. Onions, leeks 9. Cherry, apricot pits 10. Eyes of raw potatoes and potatoes in general (if only from their own garden without chemicals, but still a little) 11. Persimmon (rare, only very sweet and absolutely not astringent) 12. Sausage 13. Porridge with milk 14. Exotic fruits (and kiwi, avocado, pineapple too) 15. All fried and fatty 16. Dry pasta 17. Watermelon 18. Sorrel 19. Tulip 20. Kozinaki 21. Mushrooms 22. Honey (pure) 23. You can not give branches of conifers (pine, larch, spruce, false sugars), as they emit a resin harmful to hamsters
The quality of the protein component of the diet (2-3 times a week, one thing):
For feeding young animals and sick animals:
Vegetable and meat baby food (no salt, sugar, soy) 25. Porridge on the water, children’s dairy-free porridge without salt, soy and gluten, or just cereals soaked in water26. Rice, cooked until sticky (for diarrhea) 27. Vegetable oil (a little, with constipation)
It is NOT RECOMMENDED, as products from this list can cause irreparable damage to the animal’s health:
Cheese High in salt, high in fat. May cause liver and pancreas pathology.
Ready food for budgerigars, poultry food, food for other rodents Developed and balanced taking into account the needs of other animals, whose diet is significantly different from that of a hamster. There is a danger of an excess of some elements and a lack of others in the hamster’s body.
Potatoes High starch. Grown outside your own garden can contain a lot of harmful chemicals, pesticides. There is a high likelihood of hamster poisoning.
Persimmons: Astringent persimmons are high in tannins that can cause severe constipation in your hamster.
Acorns contain a large amount of tannins and proteins, as well as starch, sugar, fatty oil. Thus, firstly, it is too heavy food for the hamster’s liver, and secondly, there is a very risk of poisoning.
Drops for rodents Maximum sugar, minimum benefit. Deadly for hamsters with latent and open forms of diabetes.
White Loaf Grain, having become the white flour for making a loaf, is almost pure starch. As a result of processing, very few nutrients remain, and food bleaches are present. For this reason, a white loaf not only has no benefit, but can also cause significant harm to the body.
Loafs Contains salt, sugar and spices. May be too sharp and injure the hamster’s cheek pouch. Carefully read the composition of the product, there should be nothing there, except, in fact, the cereal from which the loaf is made.
Brazil nuts. 69% saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat and in large quantities is too heavy and fatty food for a hamster.
SALT, SUGAR, SPECIES Salt contributes to the fact that a fairly large amount of fluid is retained in the body, while the load on the heart and kidneys noticeably increases. Spices strongly irritate the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines, can lead to inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract. Sugar affects the cardiovascular, the central nervous and endocrine systems of the body, and also increases the likelihood of developing diabetes. In addition, do not forget that the hamster’s teeth are covered with enamel only from the outside, from the inside, the teeth are not protected.
Butter Contains 78-82.5% milk fat. Leads to severe liver pathologies.
Citrus fruits Dangerously high in vitamin C.
Breakfast cereals, muesli Contains sugar, salt, balanced to meet the needs of the human body, not the hamster.
Almonds, Brazil nuts Almonds contain hydrocyanic acid, which is a poison for the animal.
Garlic Contains an essential oil with a pungent taste and smell.
Onions, leeks Contains an essential oil with a pungent taste and smell.
Cherry, apricot pits Apricot and cherry pits contain hydrocyanic acid and can cause severe poisoning and even death.
Raw potato eyes, potato peel In addition to the accumulation of chemical fertilizers and pesticide residues in the peel, the eyes of raw potatoes contain a poisonous substance. solanine.
Sausage, sausages Contains a large amount of spices, starch, flour, animal skins, by-products, meat production waste, soy protein and flavoring additives.
Cow’s, goat’s milk in pure form, as well as in the form of a base for cereals Even skim milk contains albumin and casein molecules that are not absorbed by the body of an adult animal. May cause dangerous digestive problems.
Sour cream, cream They are too high in fat to feed a hamster. May cause liver and pancreas pathology.
Exotic fruitsExotic fruits are a product that is alien to the hamster’s diet and can cause the most unpredictable and dangerous consequences in the animal’s body.
All fried and fatty Foods too heavy for a hamster liver.
Dry pasta In addition to its low nutritional value, dry pasta can seriously injure the cheek pouches of the hamster.
Watermelon 80% watermelon is water. This is what allows it to be a concentrate of all fertilizers and pesticides that were used in the growth process. It is fraught with poisoning and even death.
Sorrel too sour.
Tulip is a poisonous plant, contains: talipalin, phytoalexin, allergens, glycoprotein.
Kozinaki: Made with honey or a lot of sugar.
Mushrooms Too heavy food for a hamster’s digestive tract.
Honey (neat) High sugar makes honey an extremely dangerous food for the hamster.
Coniferous branches produce tar harmful to hamsters.
Any herbs and plants grown in the urban area Such plants absorb all the pollution of the urban environment. Automotive exhaust, harmful emissions from plants and factories, wet particles of animal feces, etc.
Fruit juices The overwhelming majority of juices are made from reconstituted concentrates, as well as with added sugar.
Black loaf Has high acidity, is a strong irritant of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, a black loaf is easy to ferment and gas. Since rodents have a very long intestine, this is fraught with the occurrence of obstruction.
PeppermintHigh essential oils, tannins and resinous substances. Besides, mint tastes quite bitter.
Bloodworm; Insects caught in nature Moths are caught in ponds and reservoirs of doubtful purity Insects caught in nature can be carriers of a number of helminths.
White cabbage, red cabbage Causes fermentation and bloating in the intestines. May kill the animal.
Cookies, chocolate, ice cream Contains a huge amount of fat and sugar.