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What Is A Pump For An Aquarium

Aquarium pump. Aquarium bottom filter. What is a pump in an aquarium for? Aquarium pump. Aquarium water pump requirements

What Is A Pump For An Aquarium

It is difficult to imagine a functioning indoor aquarium without such a useful device as a pump. It is a pump that provides a continuous supply of water to your fish. Also, its need is due to the provision of sufficient pressure for the functioning of the filter installed from the outside. The aquarium pump with a foam sponge attachment perfectly copes with the role of a mechanical purifier of polluted water. Thus, it can be called both a filter and a compressor.

How does the bottom filter work? How to choose a pump for an aquarium?

To choose the right pump, you must first of all know the volume of the aquarium, and also decide what the pump will be used for. If it will be used to supply water to the aquarium and to create a flow in a small container, then a low-power pump will suffice. But for an aquarium with a volume of more than 250 liters, a more powerful pump is needed. There are pumps that are designed for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums. And there are pumps that are used only in one specific type of aquarium. Therefore, when buying a pump, you should clarify its type, for which aquarium it is needed, as well as the manufacturer of the pump. Some Russian pumps are in no way inferior in terms of workmanship and durability of work to foreign ones.

When buying a pump for an aquarium, you should not save money, because the pump is one of the main life support systems for aquarium inhabitants.

Advantages and disadvantages

Before installing the bottom filter, familiarize yourself with its features. Of course, the first minus will appear immediately. To install the system, it is necessary to completely drain the water from the aquarium, remove the soil and all decorative elements, which takes a lot of time.

The indisputable advantage of just such a filter is:

  • Continuous circulation of water throughout the aquarium;
  • When passing through the ground, stagnation at the bottom is excluded;
  • This water cycle avoids rapid contamination of the aquarium and the appearance of various kinds of infections.

Aeration of the soil helps the algae to strengthen and develop their root system, however, when the soil is saturated with oxygen, the growth of leaves slows down. In addition, no nutrients for algae remain in the soil; they leave along with the water. Therefore, such a constructive solution is not recommended for an aquarium where a lot of greenery grows.

Even when using a bottom filter, dirt particles remain on the surface of the soil. They do not pass through it due to their large size. Therefore, as mentioned above, you have to wash the pebbles. But you can avoid unnecessary fuss with changing water and flushing the soil.

To do this, you need to install an additional filter element, which will have time to drive all the water through itself. Or you can purchase a device. a siphon, which removes large particles of dirt from the surface of the soil (it is advisable to carry out this procedure weekly).

Another disadvantage of the system is that the holes in the tubes are quickly clogged with debris. To clean them, you need to completely drain the water from the aquarium and disassemble the entire structure. For a small tank (up to 50 l) this will not cause much problem, but for a large aquarium it is very difficult and hard work.

Installing the pump

The aquarium pump comes with detailed installation instructions. However, there are general rules to help you deal with your case.

There are three types:

  • External,
  • Internal,
  • Universal.

Based on this characteristic, it is necessary to determine the installation method. The pump for aquariums marked “internal” is installed directly inside with the help of special suction cups so that the water column is 2-4 centimeters higher. The kit includes a small hose, which is inserted into the device at one end, while the other is taken out of your aquarium above the edge. Most models have a flow regulator. To get started, set the water pump to medium intensity, over time, you will understand how your pets react to the current.

As the name implies, the external one is installed outside, and the universal one can stand on both sides. Here you can choose how your aquarium pump will look and work more organically.

Aquarium pump. Aquarium water pump requirements

It is difficult to imagine a functioning indoor aquarium without such a useful device as a pump. It is a pump that provides a continuous supply of water to your fish. Also, its need is due to the provision of sufficient pressure for the functioning of the filter installed from the outside. The aquarium pump with a foam sponge attachment perfectly copes with the role of a mechanical purifier of polluted water. Thus, it can be called both a filter and a compressor.

Installing the pump

The aquarium pump comes with detailed installation instructions. However, there are general rules to help you deal with your case.

There are three types:

Based on this characteristic, it is necessary to determine the installation method. The pump for aquariums marked “internal” is installed directly inside with the help of special suction cups so that the water column is 2-4 centimeters higher. The kit includes a small hose, which is inserted into the device at one end, while the other is taken out of your aquarium above the edge. Most models have a flow regulator. To get started, set the water pump to medium intensity, over time you will understand how your pets react to the current.

As the name implies, the external one is installed outside, and the universal one can stand on both sides. Here you can choose how your aquarium pump will look and work more organically.

READ  How To Calculate The Volume Of An Aquarium By Size

Some installation features

Installing an aquarium pump is not difficult at all. You can do it yourself. The device is usually attached to the walls with special suction cups or with a bracket. In a container, it is more practical to place a submersible pump in a corner, directing the water flow along a large wall. This will speed up the flow and improve cleaning. When installing two pumps, it is necessary to separate their water flows in different directions. What is it for? So that they do not interfere with each other to create a continuous flow.

Do not allow the aquarium submersible pump to run in air, as this can lead to overheating of the engine and its failure. If you have to choose where to install an external pump, remember to keep it away from electrical outlets and electrical appliances. This will avoid problems in the event of leaks.

How to choose a pump for an aquarium?

To choose the right pump, you must first of all know the volume of the aquarium, and also decide what the pump will be used for. If it will be used to supply water to the aquarium and to create a flow in a small container, then a low-power pump will suffice. But for an aquarium with a volume of more than 250 liters, a more powerful pump is needed. There are pumps that are designed for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums. And there are pumps that are used only in one specific type of aquarium. Therefore, when buying a pump, you should clarify its type, for which aquarium it is needed, as well as the manufacturer of the pump. Some Russian pumps are in no way inferior in terms of workmanship and durability of work to foreign ones.

When buying a pump for an aquarium, you should not save money, because the pump is one of the main life support systems for aquarium inhabitants.

Why do you need a pump in an aquarium

How to make a bottom filter yourself?

There are several ways to assemble the structure itself. The most optimal of them is the method using conventional water supply plastic pipes.

The length and width of the aquarium are measured. Based on these parameters, it is calculated how many meters will be required to manufacture this system. It is better to take a small diameter plastic pipe (up to 3 cm).

So, for the water intake system you will need

  • 3 main pipes (their length corresponds to the length of the aquarium itself),
  • 4 connecting brackets,
  • 2 tees
  • 4 small sections (these will connect the main tubes),
  • You will also need a plastic separator and a small funnel (a filter will be installed in it).

You can take plexiglass as a lattice, cut out the desired size and make holes with a drill (it is better to do this with a soldering iron, because it can burst during the drilling process).

After assembling the pipes into the desired structure, holes should be made in them. The pump that will pump water is installed on the main pipe. Accordingly, the closer the holes are to it, the stronger the thrust will be. To ensure that the water is pumped out evenly from all sides, it is best to drill a little more holes on the opposite side of the pump.

So, the pipes are soldered together, plexiglass and the main pipe with a pump are installed on top. When the whole structure is assembled, after a couple of hours it can be installed in the aquarium. After its installation, the soil is poured from above and water is poured. The system is then turned on and tested for several hours. And finally, you can please the result of the inhabitants of the aquarium.

Additional information on organizing your aquarium:

How to make a phyto filter with your own hands, read here.

Helpful Tips for Beginner Aquarists.

There are much more living organisms and plants in an aquarium than in the same volume of water in a natural reservoir. This is one of the reasons for rapid water pollution. It is easier for a larger volume of water to cope with disturbances in biological balance. A pump for an aquarium helps to partially solve this problem of small home ponds. Without it, most aquarium fish will swim on their backs, because this device performs the functions of purifying the aquatic environment.

Power

Due to the continuous operation of the pump, energy consumption increases, so it is wiser to opt for a model with a low power. But at the same time, it must be sufficient to maintain comfortable conditions for fish and vegetation in the aquatic environment.

How does the bottom filter work? Advantages and disadvantages

Before installing the bottom filter, familiarize yourself with its features. Of course, the first minus will appear immediately. To install the system, it is necessary to completely drain the water from the aquarium, remove the soil and all decorative elements, which takes a lot of time.

The indisputable advantage of just such a filter is:

  • Continuous circulation of water throughout the aquarium;
  • When passing through the ground, stagnation at the bottom is excluded;
  • This water cycle avoids rapid contamination of the aquarium and the appearance of various kinds of infections.

Aeration of the soil helps the algae to strengthen and develop their root system, however, when the soil is saturated with oxygen, the growth of leaves slows down. In addition, no nutrients for algae remain in the soil; they leave along with the water. Therefore, such a constructive solution is not recommended for an aquarium where a lot of greenery grows.

Even when using a bottom filter, dirt particles remain on the surface of the soil. They do not pass through it due to their large size. Therefore, as mentioned above, you have to wash the pebbles. But you can avoid unnecessary fuss with changing water and flushing the soil.

To do this, you need to install an additional filter element, which will have time to drive all the water through itself. Or you can purchase a device. a siphon, which removes large particles of dirt from the surface of the soil (it is advisable to carry out this procedure weekly).

READ  How To Calculate The Volume Of An Aquarium In Liters

Another disadvantage of the system is that the holes in the tubes are quickly clogged with debris. To clean them, you need to completely drain the water from the aquarium and disassemble the entire structure. For a small tank (up to 50 l) this will not cause much problem, but for a large aquarium it is very difficult and hard work.

What is a pump for?

In the basic equipment of the aquarium, the water pump is a significant device. Without it, it is impossible to create comfortable conditions for the life of its inhabitants. After all, such a device helps to maintain the purity of the aquatic environment. In general, the pump in an aquarium performs the following functions:

  • Provides water to the sterilizer or filter element;
  • Participates in the filtration process;
  • Creates a rhythmic movement of the entire volume of water;
  • With its help, various effects are created, for example, waterfalls, streams.

In order for the device to properly perform all these functions, you need to choose the right pump for the aquarium.

Performance

An aquarium needs a pump with a capacity of 3-5 times the volume. For small containers, the best option would be a mini-filter with a capacity of up to 400 l / h. This indicator is indicated in the passport of the device, among its other technical characteristics.

Pump noise

This criterion is especially important when the aquarium is in the bedroom. The pump noise level is indicated in the instrument’s passport. Outdoor pumps have a higher noise level. It is worth paying attention to the models of famous brands, since they are less noisy.

Manufacturing material

All external and internal pumps have plastic casings. The only difference is that the motor for freshwater aquariums has a metal axis, while for pumps operating with salt water, the motors are made with a ceramic axis.

Aquarium pump: types and everything you need to know about it

There are much more living organisms and plants in an aquarium than in the same volume of water in a natural reservoir. This is one of the reasons for rapid water pollution. It is easier for a larger volume of water to cope with disturbances in biological balance. A pump for an aquarium helps to partially solve this problem of small home ponds. Without it, most aquarium fish will swim on their backs, because this device performs the functions of purifying the aquatic environment.

Power

Due to the continuous operation of the pump, energy consumption increases, so it is wiser to opt for a model with a low power. But at the same time, it must be sufficient to maintain comfortable conditions for fish and vegetation in the aquatic environment.

Some installation features

Installing an aquarium pump is not difficult at all. You can do it yourself. The device is usually attached to the walls with special suction cups or with a bracket. In a container, it is more practical to place a submersible pump in a corner, directing the water flow along a large wall. This will speed up the flow and improve cleaning. When installing two pumps, it is necessary to separate their water flows in different directions. What is it for? So that they do not interfere with each other to create a continuous flow.

Do not allow the aquarium submersible pump to run in air, as this can lead to overheating of the engine and its failure. If you have to choose where to install an external pump, remember to keep it away from electrical outlets and electrical appliances. This will avoid problems in the event of leaks.

Design features and principle of operation of the pump

The electrically driven centrifugal pump immersed in aquarium water has a simple design. It consists of an engine and a filter compartment. The stator and rotor with the impeller are coaxially located in the sealed motor housing. The filtering compartment has a cylindrical shape, with perforations. A multi-layer filter is put on it, thanks to which the water sucked in by the pump is cleaned of various particles and suspensions.

The aquarium filter is made of multi-layer sponge. When the engine is turned on, the rotor with the impeller starts taking in aquarium water, driving it through a sponge filter, and then pushes the already cleaned water back through the outlet pipe. Many models have an aerator that oxygenates the water.

Browse about aquarium pumps.

Most aquarists prefer to DIY aquarium equipment. The Internet allows you to find many ideas for making homemade aquarium pumps. For those who want to save a family budget, a self-assembled pump is the best option for a home aquarium, why buy imported equipment that is too expensive.

What are the criteria for choosing a pump for an aquarium

Domestic and foreign manufacturers today produce a variety of pump models, so for beginners in aquarium hobby, the question of which pump to choose for an aquarium seems quite reasonable. It is impossible to give a definite answer. Before choosing a pump, you need to decide on the place of its installation. In addition, for the right choice, you need to consider many factors.

Types of pumps

The pumps differ in the installation method. They are of three types:

  • External;
  • Internal;
  • Universal.

An external pump (filter) for an aquarium is installed outside the tank, and the internal one is immersed directly into the water. Universal, respectively, can be attached to both sides of the aquarium glass. Usually suction cups and special clamps are used to secure the device.

Also, the pumps can be divided into 2 types, depending on the type of aquarium. In freshwater aquariums, devices with a metal axis are used. This structure will rust quickly in salt water, so ceramic pumps are used in marine aquarium pumps.

Aquarium pump: functions, types, care

It can be difficult for a beginner to aquarium hobby to decide which equipment to choose. Let’s figure out why you need a pump for an aquarium, what are its functions and how to choose it correctly.

How to choose a pump

There are several parameters to consider when choosing the right pump for your aquarium. It is not only the type and volume of the aquarium that matters, but also the type of device.

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First you need to decide on the type of filter. internal or external, for a freshwater or marine aquarium. Many people prefer external pumps, as they do not spoil the appearance of the aquarium. The second most important parameter is the correspondence of the power and capacity of the pump to the volume of the aquarium. A suitable aquarium pump should pump 3/5 of its volume per hour. The capacity of the device is measured in l / h.

If the power is selected incorrectly, then this will have negative consequences. A water pump for an aquarium with insufficient flow capacity will simply not cope with its functions, and a too powerful device will create a strong current in the aquarium, which will interfere with fish, plants, etc.

Another important parameter that you need to know about before buying is the noise of the pump, especially if the aquarium is installed in the bedroom. Many aquarists complain about pump noise, so consider this beforehand.

What is a pump for?

What is an aquarium pump for? First, it pumps water into filtration systems or water sterilizers. Secondly, it creates a current in the aquarium. Without it, water can stagnate. Stirring ensures an even temperature throughout the container, and when mixed, the water is saturated with oxygen. Thirdly, using a pump, you can make streams and waterfalls in the aquarium.

In addition, this device can be used to maintain the water level, and if the pump for the aquarium is equipped with a foam rubber sponge, it can be used as an internal filter for mechanical cleaning from organic matter.

How to care for your pump

The aquarium requires weekly maintenance, including pump cleaning. First, unplug the appliance before cleaning. The internal pump with filter should be cleaned as needed. To rinse the sponge, use the water drained from the aquarium during water changes. Clean plastic surfaces from plaque with a brush or sponge.

The external pump needs cleaning much less frequently. Experts advise doing a complete cleaning no more than once every 6 months. This should be done as needed, when the water pressure begins to decrease. The pump must be disassembled, the pipes must be rinsed under running water, the filter material must be carefully cleaned in aquarium water.

Installing the pump in the aquarium

Depending on where the pump is located in the aquarium, its functions can be different. The pumps differ from each other in the installation method and are of three types:

  • Internal;
  • External;
  • Universal.

The internal pump is installed in the aquarium and can only be used while immersed in water, while external pumps are attached outside the water tank. But most often the pumps are made universal, they can be installed both inside and outside the container with water. To fix the pump both inside and outside, various devices are used, for example, suction cups, special clamps, and so on.

Aquarium pump

A pump or pump is one of the most essential accessories for an aquarium. With its help, a dwelling for underwater inhabitants is filled with water. The pump also serves to create the necessary pressure during the operation of the external filter in the aquarium. And if you put a special foam sponge on the pump, then such a pump can be used for mechanical cleaning of the aquarium. Therefore, a pump is a device that combines both a compressor and a filter. The main thing in caring for such a pump is to rinse the filter sponges regularly and in time. And so that the pump does not quickly clog, turn it off while feeding the fish. And about an hour after the end of their meal, the pump can be turned on again.

Another important point when using a pump is to keep the pump as quiet as possible. Many fish lovers note the very noisy operation of aquarium compressors, and the pump can be silent. This is its main advantage over the compressor. Today, pumps of a wide variety of brands from various manufacturers are on sale. For example, the silent pump EheimCompakt 600 is used to increase and increase the water circulation in the aquarium. Thanks to the small size of this versatile pump, it can be easily camouflaged with aquarium vegetation. This pump is easy to maintain.

In addition to filling the aquarium with water, the pump also performs some other functions:

  • Creates a flow of water, while using a flow pump, which is necessary for the existence of some underwater living organisms; for example, corals need a strong flow of water, which brings them food (plankton) and takes away their waste products;
  • Promotes the circulation of water in the aquarium, in this case, flow pumps are used, as well as special circulation pumps. During this mixing, the water is saturated with oxygen and purified, returning clean and transparent back to the aquarium;
  • The air pump in the aquarium is designed to create a continuous flow of air required to operate the aerator, bottom filter or other attachments. It should be installed above the water level in order to avoid water from the aquarium getting into it.

How to choose a pump for an aquarium?

To choose the right pump, you must first of all know the volume of the aquarium, and also decide what the pump will be used for. If it will be used to supply water to the aquarium and to create a flow in a small container, then a low-power pump will suffice. But for an aquarium with a volume of more than 250 liters, a more powerful pump is needed. There are pumps that are designed for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums. And there are pumps that are used only in one specific type of aquarium. Therefore, when buying a pump, you should clarify its type, for which aquarium it is needed, as well as the manufacturer of the pump. Some Russian pumps are in no way inferior in terms of workmanship and durability of work to foreign ones.

When buying a pump for an aquarium, you should not save money, because the pump is one of the main life support systems for aquarium inhabitants.