home Cats What is the difference between the Scots and the British cats fold

What is the difference between the Scots and the British cats fold

British shorthair cat

British kittens look like little cubs because of their thick short hair. In adulthood, they become self-sufficient, rather large in size and often feel like full-fledged owners of the house. British straight-eared cats in their mental development are very similar to dogs. They are just as strong and loyal, it was this breed that became the prototype of the Cheshire cat from “Alice in Wonderland”.

The first British cats were introduced to the UK two thousand years ago. But the breed gained popularity much later. This happened in 1871, when the first organized cat show in England selected a British feline as the winner.

Strong body construction, strong bones, large head and short neck are the standard for the British. Ears are straight, medium in size, large round eyes, short and strong paws. The coat of the representatives of this breed with a short dense undercoat, to the touch resembles the touch of a plush.

An important point: British Shorthairs are always larger and larger than Scottish Folds.

The British are distinguished by a balanced, calm, silent character. But they are always loyal to their master. In case of imminent danger, they can rush into battle. Cats of this breed can get along with all kinds of other pets. And little kittens are funny and funny, affectionate and playful. Children of all ages love them very much.

Differences in appearance and behavior

The main difference between these two species is the ears. The rest of the differences are not so significant. Apart from the fact that British Scots are slightly larger in size, they have a shorter neck and a deep ear fold.

Scottish Folds have longer and thinner legs and a taut body. The British have short and thick legs, a stocky, massive torso.

There are about 60 colors of British cats, both monochromatic and multi-colored: blue, chocolate, black, lilac, spotted, tabby, etc. Scottish Fold cats can boast of the same number of colors, they are white, cream, yellow, striped, marbled, spotted.

The Scots are much kinder and gentler, they are ideal for families with small children. Easy to train and even reluctant to stand on their hind legs. Kittens are calmer. But there were cases when representatives of this breed attacked guests of the house, from which there was a negative response to their owner. This is due to the great affection for home and family among both the Scots and the British. It is this character trait that they resemble small dogs. Both breeds differ from ordinary mongrel cats in intelligence and gentleness of character.


Since the first kitten with curled ears and eyes like an owl was born, this type of cat has firmly won the hearts of people. But breeding the Scottish Fold breed was not easy. Kittens born from mating of lop-eared individuals were born with curled ears, but they also had problems with the musculoskeletal system.

That is why it was decided to breed Folds by crossing Scottish Folds with British Shorthairs. With this crossing, kittens are born both with straight ears and lop-eared. These straight-eared animals laid the foundation for a new breed. the Scottish Shorthair or the Scottish Straight.

The mixing of the ancient Scottish breed with the British was the impetus for the appearance of the fold-eared individuals among the British. The question, what are the differences between British and Scottish Folds, is not entirely correct. The fact is that British Fold cats do not exist in nature. There are only Scottish Straight and Fold breeds.

Forming the bend of the ears

It is impossible to predict the shape of the auricles in kittens born as a result of mating of two breeds. Therefore, the time from birth to 4 weeks is the most tedious for those who breed this species. During this period, the formation of the ears takes place and it will be seen what kind they will acquire: bend or straight.

From 4 to 6 weeks, the formation of ears in kittens can be considered complete. But it also happens that the fold of the ears takes a slightly unusual angle, and with this option, the tips of the ears just tilt forward a little. It is these representatives who most often win at all kinds of exhibitions and competitions.

Lop-eared tartan

Scottish Fold (Scottish Fold) was bred forty years ago, namely in 1961 in Scotland. And hundreds of years before this event, there was the first mention of cats with curled ears that lived in China. A gene mutation was the cause of the birth of a cat with an unusual ear structure.

Representatives of this breed have a strong constitution, short massive legs and a rather short neck, dense coat, soft to the touch. But the special difference between the Scottish Fold breed and the British is in the ears. The more they are bent and the more they cover the opening of the ear, the better the representatives of this breed are considered. The appearance of the auricle depends on the purpose for which a particular kitten was bred. for an exhibition, for crossing species or as a pet.

In addition to their exotic appearance, the Scots have some behavioral features:

  • The Scottish Fold are affectionate and gentle.
  • They are quiet. It is hard to imagine that such a cute “owl” can harm or scratch a child.
  • These cats love communication, and when their owner leaves for a long time, they miss him, greeting him with a joyful meow.
  • Some members of the breed can be quite shy, so families with children are advised to buy a kitten at the age of three to four months.

In some cases, the ears of the Scottish breed have raised folds. It can be triggered by changes in weather, estrus, pregnancy, stress or mating. Most often, after some time, the auricle returns to its place. Unchanging, “strong” ears are a characteristic feature of a show animal.

What is the difference between British and Scottish cats?

The main difference between British cats and Scottish cats is that Scottish Fold cats have hanging ears, while British cats are endowed with erect ears. The differences concern not only the appearance of these animals, but also the character.

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The main difference between British cats and Scottish cats is that Scottish Fold cats have hanging ears, while British cats are endowed with erect ears. The differences concern not only the appearance of these animals, but also the character.

These are all the main differences between Scottish Fold and British cats. Only the Scottish variety has a curved ear. The Scots may have individuals with straight ears, and they are called Scottish Straight.

British Shorthair cats do not have ear wrinkles. Purebred British are born from a cat and a cat of the same species.

Colors of British cats

Currently, about two hundred British colors are officially registered, they are divided into several categories:

  • Plain (solid). In this form, each hair should be evenly dyed, all visible areas of the skin have the same color without any spots, the presence of a residual pattern on the coat is not allowed. A monochromatic color usually corresponds to the color of the iris of golden shades. Color palette:
  • classic color: blue (gray), white, lilac;
  • relatively rare: black, chocolate, cream and red (ginger);
  • exclusive color: cinnamon (light chocolate), fawn (light purple).

Rare British monochromatic color. cinnamon

British tortoiseshell colors can be very unusual

Color-point received when crossing British with Siamese cats

In silver Britons, some of every hair in their coat has no pigment.

Harlequin color for the British looks very impressive

The British red marble is almost irresistible

Long-haired cats are similar in color, although they look completely different.

Breeds of British and Scottish cats: common features and differences

English cat breeds have been popular for decades. There are several breeds created on the basis of the classic British, but they have in common: a large physique, a bright appearance, an expressive look. You want to take such a pet in your arms and stroke, although not all of them will allow you to do it.

Physique features

The British are distinguished by a large massive rectangular physique, that is, the width of the body from the chest to the pelvis is the same. They also have a wide chest, short legs with powerful paws and a short fluffy tail, often with a noticeable rounding. The Scots are less massive, their body shape is more rounded, the legs are slimmer and the tail is longer. But the overall body structure of these breeds is very similar. Due to their massiveness, the British are significantly ahead in weight:

  • from 4 to 8 kg. British cats;
  • from 3 to 5 kg. Scottish.

Differences in body type between British and Scottish breeds are clearly visible if cats are placed next to each other.

Colors of British and Scottish cats

Color is one of the important components of a cat’s appearance. The concept of a cat’s color includes quite a few criteria:

  • color and pattern of wool;
  • undercoat color;
  • eye color;
  • the color of the paw pads;
  • nose color.

The variety of colors is very large. Among them there are more rare and valuable, and there are simple and most common.

Scottish cat colors

All the colors that were listed above are also available in Scottish cats. But some varieties of silver colors are especially popular:

    smoky: in this case, no more than one third of each hair at the base is colored silver, the rest. in any single color; sometimes a smoky color can be confused with a solid color, since the white part of the color is not visible until you spread the coat;

The color black smoke on a velor coat is amazingly beautiful

The photo cannot convey all the charm of the silver chinchilla color

The purple shedder color of Scottish Folds is one of the most popular

Difference Between British Shorthair And Scottish Fold

Does it make sense to pursue a career as a domestic cat?

Both British and Scottish breeds are popular and in demand. Of particular interest are cats with an unusual color. Now the most widespread in Russia are blue and purple.

If we are talking about a show-class career, then it depends on the value of your pet as a carrier of the genes of the breed and, possibly, some particularly rare color. The purity of the genetic line is documented upon purchase, and only an independent expert can determine any features of the structure and color. In the future, a career is built on participation in exhibitions and prizes that a cat can receive. It is better to consult the regional felinological society about the intricacies of breeding the breed and mating.

Fur cover

Short-haired breeds are distinguished by the velor type of skin. Thin hairs are elastic and do not adhere to the skin. Due to the same hair length, fur density and well-developed undercoat, cats look like a soft toy.

The velor coat is one of the main features of the British Shorthair cat.

Long-haired breeds differ only in hair length. Their fur coat looks like a real fur coat. Particular attention is paid to the presence of a collar and pants, tail fluffiness. Longer coat is softer and softer.

Not all long-haired cats have such decoration as a collar.

Does it make sense to pursue a career as a domestic cat?

Both British and Scottish breeds are popular and in demand. Of particular interest are cats with an unusual color. Now the most widespread in Russia are blue and purple.

If we are talking about a show-class career, then it depends on the value of your pet as a carrier of the genes of the breed and, possibly, some particularly rare color. The purity of the genetic line is documented upon purchase, and any structural and color features can only be determined by an independent expert.


This type of color is considered the rarest. It can be easily distinguished by its solid coat, which has a rich brown color.

Features of appearance. Scottish cat breed

  • Scottish Fold. fold kittens with a large muscular body and short hair, relevant to the standard breed. Among these representatives, there are also long-haired cats (Highland Fold), which have similar data, with the exception of the length of the coat.
  • Scottish Straight. have straight ears with pointed tips, a rounded muzzle and a muscular body of medium length. We talk about this breed at the end of the article in video format.
  • high domed forehead;
  • wide nose of small size with a gentle curve;
  • wide open eyes;
  • there are fluffy “tassels” on the ears and paws;
  • wool of a silky structure with a thick undercoat;
  • small body;
  • average weight of a Scotsman is 3-5 kg.

History of the emergence of rocks

The breed of British cats has been officially registered for almost a century and a half, although it appeared much earlier. There is a legend that the ancestors of these attractive cats were brought to England by the ancient Romans. As a result of natural mixing with local forest cats, a genotype of domestic animals has formed with certain qualities: a dense build, a large head with well-defined cheeks, a short and very dense blue coat.

The first demonstration of British cats took place at the London show in 1871

After the official recognition and increase in popularity, work began to improve the breed. To obtain unusual colors, the British were crossed with other representatives of the feline, including Persian cats. The genes of the Persians also improved the structure of the coat, and long hair appeared as a recessive trait. At first it was considered a defect in the breed, and long-haired kittens were discarded.

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Classic color of British cats. blue

But later the long-haired British became a separate breed. She was officially registered in 2001 by WCF.

British long-haired cats differ from short-haired cats not only in the length of the coat, but also in the structure.

The Scottish cat breed was also bred on the basis of the British, although its appearance is considered an accident. In the early sixties of the XX century, in the province of Scotland, a simple shepherd drew attention to a white mongrel cat with hanging ears. He took one kitten from her litter and then crossed it with a British cat.

The offspring from this relationship is considered the ancestor of the Scottish breed. It was registered in 1976. Breeding work with the Scots revealed that it is impossible to create pairs of two lop-eared parents: their offspring have many genetic deviations. When knitting, at least one partner must have erect ears. In the litter, there are both straight and lop-eared varieties with wool of different lengths. Therefore, such subspecies of Scottish cats are distinguished:

  • highland fold. long-haired tartan with flattened ears;
  • highland straight. a cat with long fur and straight ears;

The Highland Straight cat breed is distinguished by a meek and calm disposition.

  • Scottish Straight. pets with short hair and erect ears;
  • Scottish Fold. Fold Shorthair cat.
  • British Shorthair vs Scottish Fold: Which One is Right for You?

    Scottish Fold cats resemble a baby owl. they have large eyes and almost no ears are visible on a neat round head

    The British breed appeared so long ago that the exact history of its origin is unknown. There are several versions, one of which says that the Romans brought Egyptian cats to Britain. The latter gradually changed and adapted to new conditions: they acquired thick wool for protection and became larger.

    In the 1960s, no one could have imagined that the Scottish cat breed in just 50-60 years will become one of the most popular

    The Scottish cat breed came about by chance. The first representative was Susie, a purebred resident of the farm. She was born in the 1960s. Susie was not the world’s first lop-eared cat: mentions of such animals were found in China, but until the 20th century, no one thought to fix the mutation.

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    Later, one of Susie’s kittens was brought together with a British cat. From the resulting offspring, one kitten was selected, after growing up he was crossed with a British cat. It is their kittens that are considered the first full-fledged representatives of the Scottish breed. In the future, the latter were brought together with the British in order to give a “plush” appearance: to make the skull more rounded, and the coat. thick.

    British colors

    There is a common misconception that the color of British cats must be blue (gray). However, it is not. The specific color does not distinguish the breed from others. There are a lot of color types in representatives of this breed, and each of them has its own peculiarity.

    Feeding the British Longhair

    The diet of a longhaired British cat should be complete and balanced. If the owner chooses natural food for feeding the pet, it is necessary to draw up a healthy menu for every day.

    difference, scots, british, cats, fold
    • boiled or raw lean meat, but previously frozen (rabbit, beef, chicken);
    • offal;
    • beef liver;
    • boneless sea fish;
    • cereal cereals;
    • fresh chicken or quail eggs (only protein!);
    • vegetables, root vegetables, raw and boiled;
    • fermented milk products without dyes, fillers and flavors (a small percentage of fat);
    • special herb for cats.

    Dishes for feeding the British cat should be prepared separately, without spices and salt. Choose fresh, natural ingredients! Do not feed your favorite pet food from your table.

    Porridge can be mixed with chunks of meat or fish fillets. Periodically add some vegetable oil to vegetables and cereals. But it is better to refuse creamy, due to its high fat content. It is also important to ensure that your cat has free access to clean drinking water.

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    You can not feed a thoroughbred representative with such products:

    • fatty meat;
    • bones;
    • River fish;
    • smoked and salted products;
    • canned food for people;
    • sausages;
    • milk can only be given to small kittens;
    • flour products;
    • baked goods;
    • sweets, desserts, chocolate, ice cream;
    • eggplant, potatoes;
    • raw liver.

    The British Longhair cat can also be fed prepared foods. The assortment includes products from different manufacturers, conditionally divided into two types: dry food and wet.

    If you want to preserve the beauty and health of the British representative, buy Premium and Super Premium food!

    Mixed feeding is also allowed, involving the combination of natural ingredients with ready-made feed. The only rule: do not feed these products at the same time, feed the pet with natural food and industrial composition alternately, at a certain interval of time.

    British Fold cats can easily cope with any weather conditions, despite the dense undercoat that they have.

    Cats love space, so pets feel comfortable in rooms where you can run around to their fullest. It is better to keep them in country houses, especially where they have their own yard.

    British Folds are very curious cats: they will carefully examine their property. Here they will be able to realize their natural hunting instinct.

    Which breed to choose

    Knowing the basic character traits and demeanor of each breed will help you choose a kitten in accordance with your lifestyle:

    • Lonely and constantly busy people will be comfortable with a Briton, since he does not require constant attention and prefers solitude.
    • If you have a large family with children, choose a Scotsman. He will be happy to participate in various outdoor games and will become an affectionate and kind friend for you.

    Difference in body structure between Scottish and British cats.

    About character

    Many breeders of these cats talk about the impressionable nature of the animals: they can take offense at censure, especially if it was said in a raised tone, huddle in a corner and lick themselves for a long time, calming themselves.

    But, sensing the location of the owner, the cats will spin around, demonstrating their beauty and desperately purring.

    What is the difference between the Scots and the British cats fold

    The difference between British cats and Scottish cats

    The main difference, of course, is the shape of the ears.

    Difference: British and Scottish Fold head

    Head shape. this is how Scottish Folds differ from British cats.

    Scottish folds

    The main distinguishing feature of the Scots is the roundness of the head. They say that a portrait of this cat can be drawn with a compass.

    A round skull, the outlines of which are not broken even by the ears, a convex forehead, round and “stuffed” mustache pads, rounded cheeks, absolutely round, like those of owls, wide-set eyes. The picture is complemented by a soft profile without sharp lines and sharp corners and an overall “sweet” expression of the muzzle.

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    The British

    The head of British cats in full face is wider. The area between the ears is flat. Too pronounced pads are considered a disadvantage, and the cheeks are so thick that they are the hallmark of the breed.

    The outer corners of the eyes are slightly elongated, and the expression of the muzzle resembles the famous smile of the Cheshire cat.

    Scottish Fold and British cat: visible differences

    Perhaps representatives of no other feline breeds are not confused as often as British and Scottish Fold cats. Perhaps people are confused by the fact that they both came from Foggy Albion, or the general type is so striking that no nuances are visible behind it. but the fact remains.

    Although it will not be difficult for an observant person to distinguish a fold-eared Scotsman from a British. there are several visible differences.

    The main thing is the ears!

    The most important difference lies already in the name: the Scottish Fold cat differs from the British in the structure of the ears, and this cannot be noticed unless a blind one. Lop-eared Scots (Scottish Folds) are the only breed that can boast of such a peculiar business card. small ears folded in a double fold.

    In ideal Scottish Folds, the ears are barely noticeable, tightly pressed to the head and widely spaced (in an adult cat, a palm is placed between the ears). But very rare and expensive specimens have so-called “strong” ears. Most Scottish ears are loosely pressed to the head and are not folded in half, as required by the standard.

    As a result, in some animals, only the tip of the ear is slightly lowered forward. This is primarily due to genetics, but also to hormonal changes (pregnancy) or health conditions. However, even the finally raised fold ears are difficult to confuse with ordinary cat ears. such as those of the British.

    The ears of British cats are of regular size, wider at the base, more rounded at the tips, set to the side and tilted slightly forward. British Fold cats do not exist in nature. this is a myth generated by the elementary illiteracy of some “cat experts”.

    Boxer and aristocrat

    If you have a Scottish Fold cat and a British cat, the differences can be seen in their addition.

    Do you know that the birthplace of modern boxing is England? So, British cats, as true representatives of their homeland, are similar to boxers. they are squat, strong and powerful, very muscular, with broad shoulders and chest. Their limbs are short and strong.

    Scottish cats have a longer body, medium bone and slender medium limbs. They look athletic too, but don’t leave a heavyweight impression.

    Attention to the tails!

    How else is the British cat different from the Scottish Fold? Tail!

    Ideal Britons have tails that match their entire solid and solid appearance: short and thick, which are sometimes compared to a small log. The tip of the tail is neatly rounded.

    Scottish Folds have different standards of beauty: a longer and thinner tail, tapering to the tip. over, due to the fact that Scottish cats are carriers of a genetic mutation that causes splicing of the vertebrae, special attention is paid to the flexibility and mobility of the tail.

    At exhibitions, experts carefully feel the tails. cats with a deformed tail cannot get a title and are not allowed for breeding.


    Scottish fold cat

    Description of the breed

    Scots, like the next of kin. British shorthair cats have a powerful squat body with well-developed muscles. The neck and legs are powerful, short, the head is large and round, with a developed chin and pronounced cheeks. A distinctive feature of the breed are small triangular ears, which are tightly pressed against the skull, and their tips are directed forward and slightly downward due to the specific crease of the cartilage. Large and round eyes are consistent in color, but most often are amber yellow in color. The tail is long, slightly tapering towards the tip.

    The Scots, like the British, have a luxurious plush “coat” with a thick undercoat. The color options are very diverse: monochromatic: black, red, white, blue, cream; combined: silver chinchilla, smoky, marble, tortie, tabby and many others.


    The Scots love to play and frolic, involving everyone around them in their games. Hide and seek, catch-up, hunting for candy wrappers or rubber balls, walking on hind legs. Here are the favorite pastimes of these good-natured rascals. Many owners celebrate the love of cats for watching TV, lounging comfortably on the couch.

    These lop-eared beauties tolerate loneliness well, and are unlikely to sulk at you if you come home late from work or stay at a party. But also to be silent, if they are bored or hungry, they will not and in a loud, slightly creaky voice will notify you of their needs.

    Origin story

    The British shorthair cats are considered the progenitors and closest relatives of the Scottish Folds, so the Scots have only existed as a separate breed for about 50 years. In 1961, Englishman William Ross purchased an unusual fold-eared kitten from a farmer friend. His mother, Susie, a white fold cat, was the first to be seen of this breed. In 1965, the Scottish Folds were registered with the Cat Breed Governing Council, and five years later the breed received its official name.

    But for a long time Scottish Folds were practically not bred in nurseries, because there was a high risk of genetic diseases and mutations during selection.

    In 1973, the descendants of Susie’s lop-eared came to the breeder Sally Wolf Peters, and soon the Scottish Fold received worldwide recognition and even champion status at one of the cat shows.

    Interesting fact: Matilda the cat from the popular children’s cartoon “Kid and Carlson”. this is the first Scottish fold to appear on TV screens.

    Care and

    Although Scots are naturally quite unpretentious cats, there are a few simple things to do before bringing a kitten into the house. First, hide all wires, cables, chargers, headphones, and fragile items away. Secondly, buy a convenient litter box and train your kitten to use it from day one. Prepare a sleeping place for the cat or purchase a special cat’s corner. with a sleeping place and a scratching post. Buy special toys to keep your pet from getting bored.

    Pay special attention to pet hair care: once a week, the cat needs to be combed out with a special brush (during the molting period, every day). It is better to refuse a slicker so as not to damage the undercoat. Bathing the Scotsman is enough once every six months: the main thing is to thoroughly dry him after water procedures and keep him away from drafts. Once every 2-3 weeks, trim the tips of your nails and clean your ears with a cotton swab to remove accumulated wax and dirt. But the eyes need to be checked every day: if the animal has lacrimation or purulent discharge for a long time, be sure to contact your veterinarian.