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What Is The Normal Pulse Of Cats

Diagnostics and prevention of diseases

For the correct diagnosis of respiratory diseases in cats, it is necessary to organize the prevention of diseases and their treatment. First you need to study the medical history of the cat or cat and the results of the physical health examination. The upper respiratory tract is examined using an X-ray, and it is produced in the presence of diseases of the lower respiratory tract, for example, coughing, difficulty breathing or rapid breathing. Doctors often use instruments to examine the nose, throat, and respiratory system. If there is a suspicion of a lung disease, it is necessary to analyze what is contained in the lungs and the respiratory system by rinsing the trachea or sacs with a sterile liquid with further study of the resulting liquid. This procedure is called a transtracheal flush.

Cats with a lot of fluid in the pleural area need to be pumped out using a special needle, then this fluid is examined under a special microscope. If there is a lot of liquid, then this is the cause of possible heart diseases, for a more complete result, an electrocardiogram procedure is necessary.

Prevention means that cats develop diseases as a result of stress, certain health problems, climate conditions, as well as dust, dampness, and drafts. Some types of diseases can be cured with vaccination. However, in any case, it is necessary to comply with sanitary standards for keeping cats.

Heart rate in cats: basic information and method of measurement

In films and books, a person who has little (or at all) no signs of life is first checked for breathing and pulse. And this is quite justified, by the way. In veterinary medicine, the pulse in a cat (or other animal) is also of no small importance, since according to its indications, one can judge the general state of health of the pet, as well as determine the presence of certain pathologies of the cardiovascular system.

A cat’s heart rate is above normal

What pulse should be normal for a cat, we found out above. But what if the pulse rate in an adult animal exceeds the specified limits, exceeding 150 beats per minute? Then we can safely talk about tachycardia.

In addition to a rapid heart rate, tachycardia in a cat can be recognized by the following symptoms:

Severe, persistent weakness (the cat looks tired, even if it moves very little);

Arrhythmia (the pulse is irregular, the heart beats too often, then too slowly);

Frequent breathing, shortness of breath even after walking calmly;

Pallor of the mucous membranes;

The most common causes of tachycardia in cats include:

    Heart disease (cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, etc.);

Diseases of the respiratory system are non-infectious and infectious (pulmonary insufficiency, lung cancer, tuberculosis, pneumonia, etc.);

Endocrine disorders (diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism);

Inflammatory processes (pancreatitis, gastritis, colitis, endometritis, etc.);

If your cat’s heart rate is constantly elevated, you should see your veterinarian (ideally a cardiologist) as soon as possible. The specialist will take the blood and urine of the animal for analysis, conduct an electrocardiogram and echocardiogram, as well as, if necessary, ultrasound and X-ray of the sternum and abdominal organs. Treatment will be prescribed after an accurate diagnosis has been made. But we strongly recommend that you refrain from self-medication so that the irreparable does not happen.

Breath assessment

This can be done by observing, counting the number of breaths in and out in 30 seconds and multiplying this number by 2. Cats take between 20 and 40 breaths per minute. In this case, the age and sex of the animal should be borne in mind. Kittens breathe more often than adult animals, cats breathe more often than cats, pregnant, lactating and medium-sized cats also breathe more often.
In addition, a cat’s breathing quickens in a state of excitement, increased activity, in hot weather. If the cat’s respiratory rate is higher than 40 per minute, it is observed for a long time and is not caused by any of the factors listed above, this is a sign of ill health.

Capillary filling time

Capillaries are microscopic sizes of blood vessels that reach almost every cell in the body. It is they who give the skin its pink color. By checking the filling time of the capillaries, you can assess the state of the cardiovascular system.

What is the best way to do this so that the treatment of cats at home does not cause problems? Follow the steps below:

  • Lift your pet’s upper lip and pull back the pink gum tissue with your finger. This will cause a short-term outflow of blood from the vessels and stop its flow in this place.
  • Then release the pressure. Notice that a pale spot appears on the area of ​​the gum that you pulled back.
  • Check now at what time its normal pink color is restored. It is this that will be considered the period during which the blood vessels are re-filled with blood and called capillary.
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Most often, this interval is 1-2 seconds. In situations where the time increases to 2-4 seconds, it is worth consulting a veterinarian. This could be due to dehydration or shock. And, when the capillary time is more than 4 seconds or less than 1 second, this is an emergency that requires an immediate visit to the clinic.

Determination of reactivity

For healthy cats, their normal state is alertness, caution, but also interest in the environment. They always respond to the owner. They are interested in everything that happens around them. Nervousness and fear are also manifestations of improper reactivity. The worse the animal’s condition, the less it reacts to external stimuli.

When you see that your pet with a delay notices your attempts to establish contact with him, sleepy, does not want to move, or, even worse, does not understand what is happening, falls on various objects, looks into space, walks in circles or turns over on one side, this is a reason to sound the alarm. In this case, the treatment of cats at home will also not be rational, you should consult a doctor.

These can be symptoms of serious metabolic disorders or neurological problems. Also a serious reason to think about when your four-legged friend is numb, reacts only to severe pain (for example, a pinprick), all comes out with convulsions or is in a coma.

All the above recommendations will help you correctly assess your pet’s vital signs. This will be useful in situations that require immediate decisions. Therefore, it is worth practicing and determining the physiological characteristics of your cat in order to be able to assess its condition at a critical moment.

Symptoms

Oddly enough, an increase in pulse rate of more than 140 per minute, which occurred suddenly, is usually well tolerated by patients. Such an attack can even last for several days, and the patient does not notice it or only feels a weakness incomprehensible to him.

The more the heart muscle is affected and the more severe the heart disease, the more signs appear during an attack of tachycardia:

  • Chest pain;
  • Shortness of breath, shortness of breath, especially when lying down;
  • Sweating, severe weakness;
  • Dizziness, blurred consciousness;
  • Fainting, loss of consciousness.

In the most severe cases, there is a threat of stroke.

What it is?

Tachycardia is a condition in which the heart of an animal beats at a higher frequency (sometimes at the limit of its capabilities) than is provided by nature. This pathology leads to the development of more serious heart diseases, leading to wear and tear of this organ. The reason may be some kind of heart muscle disease that the cat already has, as well as some types of hormonal disorders, or “problems” in the metabolism. Tachycardia is fraught with the development of atrial fibrillation. It is almost impossible to get the animal out of this state. Also, the disease can end in asystole, in which the heart generally stops beating.

Heart rate in a cat and a cat

What is the normal heart rate of a cat? In adult animals, heart rate can be affected by many factors, including:

  • The weight;
  • Age;
  • Physiological condition;
  • Emotional condition;
  • Breed;
  • The presence of pathologies.

The heart rate in a medium-sized cat that does not suffer from serious illnesses is from 110 to 130 or, according to various sources, 140 beats per minute.

The smaller and younger the animal, the more often it will have a pulse. The pulse rate in kittens is from 200 to 220 or even 240 (for the smallest) beats per minute. In newborn babies, it may be easier to measure the indicator by placing fingers in the heart area, since the pulse on the thigh can be difficult to feel.

An experienced owner, who knows what the pulse of a kitten and an adult cat is, can always determine the severity of his pet’s condition in critical situations and convey this important information to the veterinarian.

Basic information

First, what is pulse? These are vibrations of the walls of blood vessels, along which not only blood flows, but also the “recoil” from heart contractions. Naturally, this is characteristic exclusively of arteries, since blood flows through the veins to the heart, which tightens it, like a living pump.

Normally, the heart rate in felines ranges from 120 to 140 beats per minute. But it may be less, if we talk about cats of “giant” breeds, like Maine Coons. How can you feel it in your pet? No, you don’t need to touch his paw, as in cats the pulse is found by pressing the palm to the inner surface of the thigh.

There, the femoral artery vibrates noticeably, and therefore it will not be difficult to do this. Remember that kittens have a significantly higher heart rate than adult animals, so don’t be alarmed if you lose track of counting them. In very young babies, the heart rate may well reach 190 beats per minute. This is significantly higher than the normal heart rate in cats. But you should not worry, as this is a completely physiological phenomenon.

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What Is The Normal Pulse Of Cats

By the way, do not try to check the cat’s pulse by firmly grabbing the cat by the throat (and there really are such unique ones). No, the heart rate can really be determined this way, but only the animal will not be delighted with this. In addition, his heart will pound in fright so that the correct readings will still not be obtained.

But what if the cat is especially chubby, or jerks its paws so hard that it becomes impossible to count the number of heartbeats? In this case, you should focus on the heart beat. But how to measure the pulse of a cat in this way? This is the name of the “vibration” of the chest wall, which occurs during heart contraction. Defining it is simple: place your palm on the cat’s chest. After that, it will not be difficult to calculate the number of heartbeats, which will be similar to the pulse rate.

What is the pulse?

This question is very important. precisely, the answers to it are important. So, the main type of pulse is normal. This means good filling, low tension, rhythm. In a word, there are many incomprehensible words, the meaning of which is better to tell separately.

So what is filling? Roughly speaking, it is the amount, the volume of blood in the artery. Poor filling, respectively, is observed with severe dehydration, intoxication and other serious pathologies. With good filling, the vessel is elastic, but not “hard”. An increased value of this indicator may indicate various heart diseases, which, as a rule, are accompanied by edema.

Oddly enough, but tension is not a convulsive contraction of the artery wall. This is the name of the force required to squeeze the artery. Thus, bad tension, again, can be observed only in the case of dehydration, when even large vessels in their “consistency” can resemble boiled pasta. High tension. when an artery feels like a wire or a branch to the touch. It happens if the animal’s pressure goes off scale.

With rhythm, everything is clear. If the rhythm of the heartbeats is similar to the attempts of a novice drummer, then the animal’s health is clearly not brilliant. In addition, the pulse on different limbs may be different: different in filling, tension, and other parameters. This suggests different situations: either the animal has some congenital features of the development of the circulatory system, or something interferes with the normal passage of the pulse wave. This “something” may well be a tumor or a similar pathology. Rhythm disorders are collectively referred to as arrhythmia.

Also, the pulse is slow, normal and fast. As is easy to understand, these terms mean the speed of propagation of the pulse wave. Accordingly, slow contractions occur either in a sleeping animal, or in an extremely emaciated and sick animal. A fast pulse occurs with strong excitement, but also the heart rate increases due to the action of various drugs.

Heart rate in cats: basic information and method of measurement

In films and books, a person who has little (or at all) no signs of life is first checked for breathing and pulse. And this is quite justified, by the way. In veterinary medicine, the pulse in a cat (or other animal) is also of no small importance, since according to its indications, one can judge the general state of health of the pet, as well as determine the presence of certain pathologies of the cardiovascular system.

What diseases does the heart rate change??

In general, we have already partially touched on this issue above, but it still does not hurt to reveal it in more detail. Most often, an increased pulse is detected, and this may be due to:

  • Banal overheating.
  • Almost any infectious disease.
  • Emotional arousal, sex drive. The latter is especially true for March.
  • Myocarditis in the early stages. When the disease develops, the pulse slows down, its filling drops.
  • With many poisonings, the pulse also at first sharply increases, it is tense and very full, but subsequently all these indicators decrease just as much.
  • A catastrophically strong decrease in filling is characteristic of cases of collapse.

As you can see, the ability to determine the pulse of a cat is very important for a caring owner, since according to its indicators, you can understand in time that something is wrong with the animal.

Cat has a normal pulse

Anyone who is used to monitoring their health knows that the pulse in adults is 60 to 90 beats per minute, from 110-170 in infants and from 60 to 100 in adolescents. But what is the normal pulse of a cat, unfortunately, not all owners know.

It’s believed that in a healthy adult animal, the pulse rate ranges from 100 to 150 beats per minute. over, large cats have a lower heart rate than their smaller counterparts, and females have a slightly higher rate than males. Kittens’ pulse is always high: from 150 to 190 beats per minute. And the heart rate of a cat at a very advanced age may be slightly below normal: 80-100 beats per minute.

Pulse in a cat

  • Health, disease and treatment of cats
  • Dogcatfan
  • 19-03-2019, 08:10

Updated: 05/28/2020

  • Cat has a normal pulse
  • Methods for measuring heart rate in cats
  • Heart rate above normal
  • Pulse below normal
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The health of a cat can be judged not only by its appearance, but also by its blood pressure, blood, urine and feces, as well as pulse rate. Pulse. rhythmic expansion of the arterial walls, occurring simultaneously with the contractions of the heart muscle. In this article, we will understand what is the normal heart rate in adult animals and kittens, as well as find out how to check the pulse in a cat.

A cat’s heart rate is above normal

What pulse should be normal for a cat, we found out above. But what if the pulse rate in an adult animal exceeds the specified limits, exceeding 150 beats per minute? Then we can safely talk about tachycardia. a pathological increase in the frequency of heart contractions. This is a dangerous ailment that, if untreated, can lead to serious problems: hyperthermia, myocardial hypoxia, pulmonary edema and a general deterioration in the body’s condition. If you do not seek medical help on time, it is not excluded, unfortunately, a lethal outcome.

In addition to a rapid heart rate, tachycardia in a cat can be recognized by the following symptoms:

    Severe, persistent weakness (the cat looks tired, even if it moves very little);

Arrhythmia (the pulse is irregular, the heart beats too often, then too slowly);

Frequent breathing, shortness of breath even after walking calmly;

Hyperemia (redness) of the mucous membranes;

  • Loss of consciousness.
  • The most common causes of tachycardia in cats include:

      Heart disease (cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, etc.);

    Diseases of the respiratory system, non-infectious and infectious (pulmonary insufficiency, lung cancer, bordetellosis, pneumonia, etc.);

    Endocrine disorders (diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism);

    Inflammatory processes (pancreatitis, gastritis, colitis, endometritis, etc.);

  • Blood parasitic infections.
  • If your cat’s heart rate is constantly elevated, you should see your veterinarian (ideally a cardiologist) as soon as possible. The specialist will take the blood and urine of the animal for analysis, conduct an electrocardiogram and echocardiogram, as well as, if necessary, ultrasound and X-ray of the sternum and abdominal organs. Treatment will be prescribed after an accurate diagnosis has been made. But we strongly recommend that you refrain from self-medication so that the irreparable does not happen.

    Methods for measuring heart rate in cats

    Sometimes, in order not to miss any disease in your pet, it is enough just to measure the value of his pulse in time. Let’s see how this is done. We humans, when we want to calculate the heart rate, squeeze the area of ​​the wrist. Where are cats’ pulse? The easiest way for an animal to feel the pulsation of the large femoral artery is by pressing on the inner side of the thigh (in the groin, where the cat’s leg joins the body). But here we note that some wayward pets may simply not allow the owner to touch the groin area.

    A cat’s heart rate is usually measured over 1 minute. But what if the cat is indignant (breaks loose, tries to bite, hisses, etc.)? Measurement time can be halved or quadrupled. In an aggressive pet, the measurement time can be reduced to 15 seconds, and then simply multiply the resulting value by 4 (the result of a 30-second measurement should be increased by 2).

    When figuring out what your cat’s heart rate is, it’s important to keep in mind the following:

      The pulse should be counted when the animal is as calm as possible.. In an agitated cat, the pulse is always much higher than normal;

    During the measurement, the owner should never yell at the cat., hit or squeeze it forcefully. This will lead to the fact that the pulse of the deranged animal will jump up;

    Do not measure the pulse of a sleeping pet. At the time of sleep, the pulse in cats is lower than at the time of waking;

  • Don’t press hard on the cat’s groin. With strong pressure, the heart rate is difficult to calculate correctly.
  • The cat’s pulse is below normal

    Tachycardia or rapid pulse is a dangerous ailment. What if the cat’s pulse is below normal? This is bad too: bradycardia (reduced pulse) leads to severe weakness, the formation of blood clots, with such an ailment, the internal organs are poorly supplied with blood and quickly fail. In addition, it is also traumatic, since with bradycardia, animals often lose consciousness.

    Sometimes bradycardia is accompanied only by weakness, but in advanced cases, the following symptoms may also be present:

      Impaired coordination of movements (the cat has a “drunk” gait);

    Jumps in blood pressure (normal blood pressure of a cat ranges from 105/65 to 135/95 mm Hg. Art.);

  • Labored breathing.
  • Bradycardia in cats is not an independent disease. This is a symptom of other serious ailments:

      Poisoning (with insect and snake poisons, lead, pesticides, etc.);

    Heart problems (myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, etc.);

    Sepsis in infectious diseases or as a complication after surgery;

  • Overdose of heart medications.
  • It is possible to save the cat from bradycardia if the cause of the low pulse is determined. To make the correct diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the delivery of urine and blood, as well as important studies: ultrasound and X-ray of the heart, as well as an electrocardiogram.