An interior made of artificial plants is also not very suitable as she can easily bite off a bite and choke.
The availability of the required amount of water is very important. There should be enough for the turtle to swim, but not too much. This usually depends on the size of the turtle itself.
No neighbors, such as fish, snails and other representatives of the underwater world, cannot be attached to her, since she will simply eat them.
Red-eared turtle aquarium
Many people keep red-eared turtles at home, as they are just as interesting animals as other pets, such as reptiles. Since the turtle is an amphibian reptile, they need to be kept in the presence of water. Before you start a red-eared turtle at home, you should arm yourself with information on the subject of where and how, as well as under what conditions it can be kept.
As a rule, it is kept in an aquarium, which is somewhat different from a fish tank, since the turtle needs to get out of the water from time to time and rest, basking in the sun or taking baths from a quartz lamp. If there is too much water in the aquarium, and it cannot rest anywhere, then it can easily drown.
They buy a turtle, mostly still very small, but in the first year of life it is actively growing and can increase in size by as much as 10 cm. A three-year-old pet can be up to 20 cm long.After that, the growth of the turtle decreases and is about 1 cm per year.
Knowing the approximate size of the turtle in the future, we can safely say that she will need an aquarium for at least 100 liters, or even all 200 liters. But this does not mean that a small turtle should be immediately planted in such an aquarium. Most likely not, since she will not feel very comfortable there.
The red-eared turtle is a cold-blooded, tropical animal and needs warmth in order for the entire body to function normally. If the aquarium does not maintain the appropriate temperature or it is much lower than normal, then it can hibernate, and possibly die.
The aquarium should be equipped with a lamp capable of heating the air to 28-30 ° C, so that it can eat and bask in the area of the island. You also need an ultraviolet lamp to irradiate the turtle to avoid a disease such as rickets.
As for the water temperature, it must be at least 25 ° C. If the lamp is not able to heat the water to such a temperature, then an additional heater will have to be installed. At this water temperature, microbes begin to multiply in it very quickly, especially since the turtles defecate into the water. Therefore, it is very important to regularly change the water, but at the same time you should have a powerful filter that would constantly purify the water in the aquarium. The water can be changed more often, but partially. This procedure should be done once a week. The water intended for the aquarium should settle for 5 days.
it can be said that the main condition for the successful development of the red-eared turtle is to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, as well as to ensure conditions close to natural conditions for its development. At the same time, one should not forget that the pet’s diet contains foods rich in calcium, vitamins A and D, while the diet should be varied.
It is very important that the aquarium is not small, and she can lead an active lifestyle, otherwise, as a result of physical inactivity, her metabolism in the body may be disturbed, which can entail a lot of negativity.
What habitat do aquarium fish like the most?
What kind of water is needed for an aquarium? By combining water from different sources, it is impossible to achieve ideal parameters. How many fish, so many requests. Some fish can live in melt water of mountain lakes, others in brown marsh water. In the first case, the water is very hard, in the second, it is soft. The fish have to be settled on a different environment. It turns out that some fish are orderlies who love rotten water, others do not tolerate such parameters. A rotten environment is destructive due to humic acids. Many freshwater biotopes in our country have pH neutral water, medium acidity, low alkalinity. Suitable for most aquarium fish.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium?
Many people who decide to start an aquarium want to know all the little things about fish keeping, plant selection and water care. But the first dilemma faced by the inexperienced aquarist. what kind of water to pour into the aquarium? There are a number of requirements for water quality and several ways to purify it that will help you achieve the desired consistency.
Distilled and rainwater
Since springs are very hard, maybe it is better to fill the tank with soft water. rain or distilled? Again, not always. just mixing it with the tap. There are fish that love a softened water environment, but many freshwater species still prefer medium, neutral water. Such water flows in domestic rivers and lakes. its purified water can be poured into an aquarium, not filling all the space with it.
How to Set Up an Aquatic Turtle Tank | Pet Turtles
Watch the video on how to change the water in your aquarium.
Purification of water in the aquarium
It is not enough to simply prepare the water and pour it into the aquarium. It requires follow-up care, which includes filtration and ozonation. The following types of filters are considered the most common:
- Internal. The most budgetary, and therefore the most common option. It is a pump that displaces liquid through a filtering composition made of a foam rubber sponge
- External. They are more often bought for large volumes. They do not take up unnecessary space inside the aquarium and have large volumes of filter media. Sterilizers are also installed on the external filter.
As you can see, the collection of water for the aquarium and its further control is a simple process.
Aquarium water for unpretentious fish
Water, which must be prepared for not very whimsical ornamental fish, requires preliminary preparation. It is necessary to fill the general aquarium with soft (sometimes medium hardness) pH-neutral water. This can be regular tap water. Spawning and viviparous fish take root well in it, which perfectly adapt to different conditions.
See how to change water and maintain your aquarium.
The degree of hardness can be measured with litmus paper, the temperature of the water with a thermometer. It is recommended to mix water with a high degree of hardness with soft rainwater (filtered) or distilled water. Water from pure melted snow or ice is also suitable. The listed types of water can be taken into a clean container only after prolonged precipitation, it is enough to pour 30% soft water into infused tap water.
Tap water must not be poured immediately. It is better to pour it into a glass and see if the glass is covered with bubbles, if there will be a strong smell. Such water is saturated with compounds of gases that got into it during the filtration process at the treatment plant. Having let the fish into such a liquid, the pet’s body will instantly be covered with bubbles, which will penetrate the gills and internal organs. As a result, the fish will die. In addition to gas, chlorine is mixed into the water for disinfection, it will also poison living beings.
To get rid of gases, tap water can be poured into glass containers and allowed to stand there for several days (2-3 days). There is another quick way: pour water into an enamel bowl, bring it to 60 or 80 degrees on the stove, set aside and cool. Boiled water is harmful. it leaves limescale from calcium and magnesium carbonate on the walls of the dishes. Boiled water can be poured into the spawning grounds, but in extreme cases. It will take a long time to fill the entire area of the aquarium with boiled water. Another nuance. boiled water kills all useful microflora.
If you do not have water supply (this is also found in our time), you should go to a clean river or lake (where there are no signs “Swimming is prohibited!”, Etc.), and take water from there. If it is clean, river fish (perch, bream, roach) really live and thrive in it, there is a water mesh plant, this is a good sign. To destroy parasites, such water is heated in an enamel bowl to 80-90 degrees, but do not make boiled water out of it. In terms of parameters, it will differ from the liquid from the tap, so think about whether it is worth taking such a risk. You can go to another house and collect running water there.
In addition to thawed, spring, rain and distilled, it is advisable to pour 30% of the water from the old aquarium to the infused liquid from the tap. If it was kept safely, the fish and plants were not sick there, the water in it did not grow cloudy. this is a godsend. In the old (residential) aquarium water, whether it was poured for a long time from the tap, there are many beneficial microbacteria that will create a natural biological environment in the new home. The living aquarium environment contains a number of organic impurities that are very beneficial to the aquatic environment. They make the water more acidic, prevent putrefactive and pathogenic bacteria from multiplying. If high-quality and proven water is poured into the tank, all its inhabitants can be healthy.
Is it possible to fill the aquarium with filtered water
What kind of water should be poured into the aquarium?
Choose soft, neutral water for your aquarium. In large metropolitan areas, such water flows in water pipes. In places where the water supply is connected to artesian wells, the water is too hard. It is suitable only for viviparous fish, adapted to all kinds of adversity.
Too hard aquarium water can be softened by mixing it with mild distilled water or rainwater. Water from melted snow / ice will also work. Collect both rainwater and ice after continuous long-term rainfall. For a water change in the aquarium, you can mix in 1/4 of the rainwater.
If you decide to use tap water, then follow these requirements:
- Do not use tap water. Pour it into a jar, you will notice that its walls will be covered with bubbles. These are gases. They got into the liquid when it was passed through cleaning filters. By putting a fish into such water, you risk that its body and gills will become covered with bubbles, and ulcers form on the affected areas.
- Make sure the water is free of chlorine. If the water contains more than 0.1 milligram of chlorine, then young fish and larvae will die in a couple of hours. A concentration of 0.05 milligrams of water will kill fish eggs.
- Monitor the pH level. A change in pH level is often observed in an artificial reservoir with soft water and low carbonate, under strong sunlight. To remove free acid, you need to blow the water column with air and deliver water to the aquarium in portions, and the pH should be at least 7.
If you observe these indicators of water in the aquarium, then it will not turn green for a long time, and fish and plants will fully develop.
Choosing water for an aquarium
There is no absolutely pure water in the world; it is extracted in laboratories using step-by-step distillation. Water from a tap or a natural source always contains impurities of various substances that play an important role in the ecosystem. Considering that many modern people keep fish at home, everyone wants to use the highest quality water for them. But what should be the water so that it can be poured into a home aquarium?
Red-eared turtle aquarium water
This turtle species belongs to the freshwater turtle family. In nature, they can be found in small lakes or ponds with swampy shores, in small bogs, as well as in river floodplains. For a normal life, they need fresh water. The turtle will not live more than two days without it. Water is of great importance to them, as it replaces the gym, dining room and bedroom. But this does not mean that she only needs water. For normal development, especially in the aquaterrarium, the turtle should be allocated at least ¼ of the land.
Ways to maintain the temperature in the aquaterrarium
One of the components of normal conditions for keeping a turtle is to maintain a temperature regime. The aquaterrarium should have a place for water (3/4) and land (1/4).
The temperature regime depends on the season. In this case, you should focus on the following norms:
- In spring and winter 20-25 ° С and not lower, combined with 8-hour lighting.
- Autumn 22-26 ° C, subject to 8-hour daylight hours.
- Summer 25-28 ° С, with constant lighting for 13 hours.
The water should be warm (at least 25 ° C), especially for keeping young turtles. A short-term decrease in temperature is allowed, but a long-term decrease in conditions of low temperatures leads to the appearance of various diseases or a deterioration in the general condition.
You can maintain the desired temperature regime in various ways. A thermoregulated aquarium immersion heater is suitable for heating the water. ¼ some of the sushi also needs to be heated. This is the area where the turtle rests while sunbathing. The sunbeams can be replaced with a Repty-Glo reptile lamp. It is possible to use other lamps, but the presence of a UV lamp is required. To prevent the turtle from getting burned, the lamp should be positioned at a safe distance, which can be at least 60 cm.
The amount of water in the aquaterrarium should be sufficient for the turtle to move freely. As a rule, the water level reaches about 25 cm and can fluctuate slightly, depending on the age of the reptile.
The turtle needs fresh water with a PH reaction in the 6.5-7.5 range, which is the same as normal tap water. But given the fact that water is treated with chlorine, such water must be defended throughout the day. Chlorine is a volatile substance and during this time it will practically not be in the water. This water is used for partial replacement.
It is not recommended to completely replace the water in order not to disturb the microclimate and ecosystem of the aquaterrarium. In this case, it is better to make a partial water change more often during cleaning.
Cleanliness is a guarantee of health and longevity
The basis of the diet of red-eared turtles is animal food, so water deteriorates quickly enough. To slow down the process of pollution, it is better to transplant the turtle to a separate place with warm water during a meal. To do this, you can take a bowl of suitable sizes. But this does not mean at all that you can take your time with the cleaning. It should be noted that the more water a reptile has, the less often cleaning can be done. For regular water purification, you can use a powerful filter. For young individuals, a small submersible pump is suitable, but for an adult turtle this will not be enough and a powerful external filter will have to be installed to keep it. The water itself does not require any additional processing, except just to give it the opportunity to settle well.
How to equip a red-eared turtle aquarium
In nature, red-eared turtles live along the shores of lakes and rivers in a subtropical and temperate climate. Therefore, for the home keeping of this heat-loving reptile, it is necessary to properly equip an aquarium (aquaterrarium) with suitable conditions.
It is impossible to properly equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle without installing two types of lighting. The main function of the incandescent lamp is to heat the land area (island), where the animal gets out after eating. For the process of digestion, a reptile needs an air temperature of at least 28-33 degrees, otherwise the metabolism slows down. If the temperature drops below 20 degrees, the animal can become seriously ill. To ensure suitable conditions, you will need a 60-75 W incandescent lamp, which must be positioned directly above the island. Clothespin fixtures that fit comfortably on the side of the aquarium work well.
For keeping the turtle at home, the presence of an ultraviolet lamp is critical. Without the opportunity to bask in the sun, the reptile quickly weakens and becomes vulnerable to disease, and the inability to absorb calcium due to lack of vitamin D leads to the development of rickets. To avoid these consequences, you need to install a special UV lamp that turns on every day for several hours. It is important to remember that reptiles quickly overheat, so there must be a shaded corner in the avcaterrarium where the temperature does not exceed 25 degrees.
IMPORTANT: When purchasing a UV lamp, you need to pay attention to the type of radiation. Only UVB and UVA rays are suitable for reptiles, a UVC-labeled lamp can burn the retina of the turtle’s eye, making it blind.
The turtle should be comfortable to move along the bottom and push off from it. The soil should also not accumulate dirt, release harmful substances or pose any other health hazard to the pet. Therefore, it is not recommended to use sand or peat. it is difficult to wash them with high quality, in such material the paws of the animal will bind. Small pebbles or glass beads are much more convenient to care for, but an adult can easily swallow their particles. Natural pebbles, artificial granules or special mineral blocks, which additionally saturate the water with calcium, are best suited.
Dimensions of the aquaterrarium
Setting up a turtle aquarium starts with buying it. A common mistake novice breeders make is choosing a small aquarium (up to 50 liters). Such a container is well suited as a first home for very small individuals, but they will grow very quickly and soon the aquarium will have to be replaced. For a grown reptile with a shell size of 10-15 cm, it is recommended to buy an aquarium for at least 100 liters. For a pair of animals, it is better to purchase a container of 150-200 liters. Red-eared turtles are very mobile, swim a lot, and also like to lie on the bottom for a long time. Therefore, the water level should be at least 40 cm. with a large volume of water, it will become contaminated more slowly and less often require replacement. The height of the aquarium does not have to be very high, but too low sides can cause the reptile to escape. It is better if there is a reserve of 15-20 cm above the water level, then the mobile turtle will not be able to climb over the wall.
IMPORTANT: If the sides are not high enough, you can keep the turtle with less water. But it is necessary to ensure that the water level slightly exceeds the width of the animal’s shell.
An aquarium complex for a red-eared turtle must necessarily include land areas. Reptiles spend part of their time on the beach every day, basking under lamps. this is how the process of digesting food takes place. To properly equip the aquarium, you will need to purchase a special island or attach a shelf with a gentle slope to the water.
It is necessary to install these devices so that at least 25-30 cm remains to the edge of the sides, then the animal will not be able to get out.
The size of the land depends on the number of individuals kept, but the minimum volume should be 25-30% of the total area of the aquarium. It is better to place several islands, make them different in height, place one under the lamp and the other in the shade. The surface of the islands must be rough, with irregularities, otherwise the turtles will slide and will not be able to rise out of the water.
Filters and aeration
- external. they are installed outside the aquarium, have several compartments, and due to the high pump power, they are best suited for large-volume containers;
- internal. submersible devices, which are installed at the bottom or near the wall of the aquarium, are designed for a volume of no more than 50-80 liters;
Filtering equipment for an aquarium uses different types of cleaning, the most common is mechanical. water is driven through a sponge, which retains particles of contamination. A much more effective method of purification that uses the multiplication of bacteria. they feed on organic residues and at the same time enrich the water with useful compounds. Oxygen is required for the vital activity of bacterial colonies, therefore, a water aeration device must be installed in the aquaterrarium. Most external biofilters already have a built-in aeration function.
How to decorate an aquarium
Setting up an aquarium for a red-eared turtle is not limited to installing the necessary equipment. In addition to functional devices, there are many decorative items that will help create a special atmosphere in the pet’s home.
Is TAP WATER Safe For Aquatic FISH/Reptiles? (Turtles, Fish, Reptile Water)
Beautiful driftwood is placed at the bottom or installed in the form of an additional island, algae and vines made of plastic or silk look good in water and on land. The soil is decorated with shells, starfish and transparent colored glass granules. An unusual grotto island can be made with your own hands by folding a semblance of an arch made of flat large pebbles.
IMPORTANT: Optional accessories will help you decorate your aquarium and make it look spectacular. Be aware, however, that many materials can pose a health hazard to reptiles or release toxic substances. Objects with sharp edges, fragile walls cannot be used as decorations. the turtle can bite off a piece or get hurt. For this reason, it is not recommended to put artificial plants, accessories made of thin glass or plastic, or small shells in the aquaterrarium with adults.
It should be remembered that new water requires preparation. It is necessary to monitor the chlorine level by settling the water for about a day. It is also required to equalize the temperature and salinity of the new water with the parameters of the one in the aquarium.
And remember, before starting the water change procedure, you must disconnect the aquarium from the electricity and thoroughly wash your hands from dirt that can harm the fish.
What kind of water should be poured into the aquarium
What kind of water should be poured into the aquarium?
In an aquarium, we do not keep aquatic animals and plants, but an aquatic habitat, and the main task of the aquarist is to maintain an equilibrium, healthy state of this particular environment, and not its individual inhabitants, because if the environment is healthy, then the inhabitants of this environment will be fine. Recently, many new species of fish have appeared in our aquariums, the well-being of which largely depends on the content of harmful substances in the water. It was found out with sufficient certainty that for many well-known long-term inhabitants of our aquariums, regular replacement of water with fresh water is very desirable, and for some of them (for example, for discus), it is simply necessary. It is also known which species of fish, in what volume and how often, need to replace the “old” aquarium water with fresh water. These requirements for different types of fish, of course, are different. But on average, approximately 25% of the tank’s water volume should be changed regularly every two weeks, and in overcrowded aquariums 30% every week. With a partial water change, its positive properties are preserved, and biological balance is not disturbed. The point of the usually recommended partial water change is that fresh water is supplied to the aquarium regularly and in small quantities, and thus there is no sharp difference between it and the old water.
There are currently several filtration technologies available to obtain denitrification in the filter, giving zero levels of ammonium, nitrates and phosphates even at the highest fish stocking density, but they are applicable only for a “fish” aquarium without plants. Thanks to these technologies, water changes can be kept to a minimum. 10% once a month or two. A plant aquarium needs a nitrogen source. nitrates and ammonium, in the case of plant growth retardation, the applied fertilizers should not accumulate indefinitely, a much higher light intensity and the presence of all food for algae does not allow keeping a lot of dissolved, hardly decomposable organic matter in the water, therefore it is impossible to do without water changes. It also has a very beneficial effect on plants and the entire aquarium. Water changes activate plant photosynthesis.
Water is the source of life and habitat for all marine and freshwater creatures. Under natural conditions, animals feel comfortable mainly in clean water. In such water, they can grow and multiply. At home, everything is different. Many people prefer to have aquarium fish, but not everyone cares about the proper water quality for the aquarium. Using ordinary tap water can be detrimental to its inhabitants. Therefore, there are several simple rules for preparing water for an aquarium.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium?
Fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium must not be put into fresh water. This is fraught with disease in animals. Various chemical compounds found in the water we are accustomed to are detrimental to the inhabitants of the aquarium. Chlorine is especially dangerous. Water, without fail, must be separated.
How much to defend the water for the aquarium?
Aquarium water temperature
The most suitable water temperature for an aquarium is room temperature. 23-26 degrees. In winter, the aquarium should not be taken out to the balcony, and it is also not recommended to place it near a radiator or heater.
Aquarium water hardness
Hardness is an important parameter for the water in an aquarium. This parameter is determined by the total amount of calcium and magnesium salts that are dissolved in water. The range of water hardness is very wide. Under natural conditions, this indicator depends on the climate, soil and season. Fish can live in water of varying hardness, but magnesium and calcium salts are essential for them. they play an important role in the growth and reproduction of animals.
In an aquarium, the hardness of the water is constantly changing, it becomes softer. the fish assimilate the salts that are in the water. Therefore, the water in the aquarium should be changed periodically.
Purification of water in the aquarium
Aeration of water in the aquarium
This parameter is controlled by temperature, plants and the presence of living things in the aquarium. Aeration controls the oxygen in the aquarium. Aeration can be carried out using special devices. compressors that saturate the water with oxygen. Also, there are filters for water purification with built-in compressors. The water parameters in the aquarium play an important role in the normal functioning of the fish. It is important to change any of the parameters very smoothly, to exclude sudden temperature jumps.
Observing these simple rules, each owner of the aquarium provides the fish with conditions that are as close to natural as possible. And this, in turn, is the key to the health and long life of pets.
What water is needed for an aquarium
Novice aquarists don’t always understand what kind of water to put in an aquarium. Let’s take a look at the composition of water. Water differs in its acid content. PH. and there is an indicator of the level of acid. Acidity has a significant impact on the biological processes taking place in the aquarium. Water consists of acid and alkaline ions, the amount of which determines the measure of acidity. If they are in equal proportions, then the water is considered neutral. In this case, the pH is 7. If the indicator is lower, this is evidence of acidic water, if higher, it is alkaline. For the successful development of fish and plants, the aquarium must have normal water.
One of the parameters of water is its hardness, which affects the possibility of keeping fish in the water and depends on the amount of calcium in it. Stiffness can be temporary or permanent. Constant hardness is observed in water after boiling. The hardness value for aquarium inhabitants may differ from the value in natural reservoirs.
To keep fish, the main thing is to maintain a certain rigidity in the aquarium and take into account the fact that calcium is gradually absorbed by plants and fish, while the rigidity decreases. You can increase it by adding chalk, shells, limestone, as well as soda and magnesium chloride to the aquarium.
The illumination of the water plays an important role in the development of fish. The duration of daylight hours for them is needed from 8 to 10 hours a day. Light can be natural, artificial or blended. Not far from the window, the aquarium will receive natural light. In autumn and winter, it is advisable to use mixed lighting. Artificial lighting is mostly used in fish farming.
Also, the water temperature affects the body of aquarium inhabitants. over, each type of fish requires a certain temperature limit for normal life. Therefore, when purchasing this or that fish, it is necessary to find out at what temperature it lived in the same place.
How often should the water be changed
Inexperienced aquarium owners usually completely change the water once a month, which is very negative for the fish. Late replacement is also not very beneficial for both the fish and the filtration system. Experts advise changing your aquarium water frequently, but in small amounts. You can do this twice a week for 10% of the total amount of water.
Aquarium. what kind of water should be poured. filtered.
In aquarium practice, as a rule, you have to use tap or well water, which is very diverse in its properties. Water is hydrogen oxide (H2O) and is made up of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen. Many substances are dissolved in water (oxygen 21%, nitrogen 76%, carbon dioxide 0.3%).
Water, in contact with soil, plants, fish, rotting products and alkaline earth elements, acquires new qualities. First of all, the water in the aquarium should be free of any metal impurities, should not contain large amounts of magnesium, calcium and any other constituents harmful to the inhabitants of the aquarium.
In rural areas, you often have to use well, river and lake water. Before pouring water into the aquarium, it must be heated to a temperature of 70 C, thereby partially freeing the water from unwanted microorganisms.
Drinking water is also suitable for an aquarium, unless, of course, it is mineral water. At home, tap water is most suitable for filling an aquarium, which in most geographic zones of our country has an average hardness with seasonal fluctuations within 8. 12 ‘. Excess chlorine in it can be removed by settling the water in a non-metallic container for 1.2 days (until the bubbles are completely removed). active aeration (10.12 hours). filtration through activated carbon, adding sodium hyposulfite (thiosulfite) to it (1 g / 10 l) or boiling for 10 minutes. With the latter method, the water loses oxygen and must be aerated.
The use of water from a pond is not recommended, and rain and snow water near the city is also not suitable for an aquarium, since it contains a large amount of harmful substances in a solid, liquid and gaseous state. In rural areas, the use of such water is possible, but it must be filtered from dust and other substances.
Before using water from natural sources, it is necessary to keep inexpensive fish in it for some time and monitor their well-being.
After pouring water into a new aquarium, complex processes begin to take place in it. The decay of plant particles that fell off during planting begins, a large number of microorganisms develop, the water can turn from transparent whitish-turbid. After a while, most of them die due to lack of nutrition and the water becomes transparent again. To accelerate the emergence of a favorable environment for the life of fish and plants, it is useful to add a little water and soil from a long-established, prosperous aquarium, in which there is already a ready-made complex of microorganisms.
If you lean over a normally functioning aquarium, you can smell the slight smell of freshly cut hay. Any other smell, such as ammonia or hydrogen sulfide, indicates that the processes taking place in the aquarium are not working well. In this case, you need to thoroughly clean the soil and change part of the water, as well as analyze the correctness of the fish and plants and the observance of the rules for caring for the aquarium.
Suitable for an aquarium is clean, transparent water containing all trace elements necessary for plant life with dH 5-20, KH 2-15 “, pH 6.5-7.5.
It is best to use an immersion heater to maintain the required microclimate. To heat an island of land in a turtle‘s dwelling, you will need to use other devices, for example, an incandescent lamp up to 60 W, or a special lamp for reptiles.
It is also quite possible to use an ultraviolet or mirror lamp, which will reflect the rays and provide the necessary heat on the land area. In order to prevent the appearance of burns in the domestic turtle, the lighting must be positioned in such a way that the source is at a distance of at least 0.6 m from the aquatic environment of the aquaterrarium.
A red-eared turtle absolutely cannot exist without water, therefore, it should be provided with the constant presence of an aquatic environment, the depth of which should correspond to the age and size of the pet. Basically, the size of the depth is 25 cm, which is the most optimal for the free movement of the reptile. Be sure to read the article on how much water to add to your reptile tank.
A red-eared turtle can live without water for only a few days, therefore it is necessary to supply it with the necessary fresh water environment with a pH value of 6.5-7.5 and with an average level of hardness. However, it is better not to take tap water, since it is treated with a substance such as chlorine. It is best to use settled water, from which chlorine completely evaporates after one day.
Therefore, if breeders have a question about what water to use for red-eared turtles, then the answer will be settled water, which should be partially replaced.
You cannot completely change the aquatic environment, since this will cause a violation of the created microclimate in the home of a domestic turtle.
What to feed red-eared turtles
In the first two years of life, red-eared turtles are fed daily, then they switch to the regimen 2-3 times a week.
You can feed your pets only natural food, or you can alternate it with dry balanced food. Dry feeds from Tetra and Sera are good, they are balanced and already contain the vitamins the turtles need.
balanced food for young turtles
If you feed a young turtle with this food, then there is no need to give calcium separately, it already has everything you need for it.
Many aquarium plants are suitable for natural food, for example, duckweed, ricia, hornwort, ludwigia, spirogyra, edogonium, anacharis, ceraptopteris, spiral vallisneria, javanese moss, thailand fern, sagittaria. In summer, it is best to give the turtle dandelions, plantain, carrot tops from green food. It is also necessary sometimes to offer her twigs of birch, willow or any fruit trees (you can directly with leaves). the need for fiber is satisfied and it becomes possible to gnaw on solid food, which prevents the growth of the beak. For the winter, you can dry plants such as dandelion, nettle, oregano, clover, calendula, burdock. the turtle will happily eat them. You can also give all this fresh.
With great pleasure, the turtles eat pumpkin, melon, red bell pepper and some other vegetables and fruits, mainly red and yellow (for some reason they like this color more).
Homemade potted plants are grown for turtles such as geranium, hibiscus, tradescantia.
Tomatoes, cabbage, peas, beans, radishes, radishes, spinach, mushrooms, pineapples, potatoes, onions, garlic, cherries, pears cannot be fed from “greens”.
In the first years of life, the diet of turtles should consist of approximately equal parts of animal and plant food, and then the food should become less and less nutritious and more fortified, that is, almost only greens.
What kind of animal food is given to red-eared turtles? Small pieces of raw and boiled beef, lean fish, earthworms, gammarus, bloodworms, tubifex are placed in water and make sure that such food is eaten in half an hour. If food remains, it must be removed, otherwise the water will deteriorate. So that the water does not spoil, you can gradually teach the turtle to eat on the shore, putting food closer and closer to land. To replenish the calcium deficiency in the body of the turtle, some amateurs let live fish and snails into the aquarium for her to feed. The way to feed is not very humane, but it also has a place to be.
Depending on the age of the turtles, the power of the UV lamp is selected:
- for juveniles. 5% UVB;
- for adults. 10% UVB.
The presence of an ultraviolet lamp is essential for the normal development of red-eared turtles. To prevent animals from burning their eyes, the UV lamp should be installed at a level of at least 25 cm and turned on for 10-12 hours, turned off only at night.
Ultraviolet light prevents the development of rickets, improves metabolism, and affects the activity of turtles. The rays help to absorb calcium, which is necessary for building the shell.
For the successful keeping of the red-eared turtle, the water temperature should not fall below 20 ºC, the most optimal parameter is 2228 ºC.
The turtle spends almost all the time in the water, so you should make sure that the water is clean. Animals sleep, eat and empty directly in the water, so it needs to be changed frequently. A filter must be installed in the aquarium.
In a dirty water environment, pathogens develop, which cause various infectious diseases of turtles, which are then difficult to cure.
The water level in the aquaterrarium should be higher than the size of the turtle’s shell
This is done so that the animal, inadvertently on its back, can easily roll over on its own.
Normal development of red-eared turtles is possible only if they are created for good conditions. The turtle becomes a favorite pet, so you need to take care of it accordingly.
So we got close to the main question of the article, what should be the water temperature in the aquarium?
Temperature control must be observed regularly and very carefully. The reasons for this are:
- If the temperature drops, the turtles eat poorly due to lack of appetite, they become rather passive. As a result, the immune system suffers, and if you do not take action. death.
- An increase in temperature will lead to the fact that the turtle will begin to arrive on land for a long period, because it will feel bad in water. Due to this, the growth and activity of the pet will stop.
It is not easy to create ideal living conditions for red-eared turtles. It will take a lot of effort. Experts recommend purchasing an oblong-shaped aquarium, the water in it will occupy ¾ part.
The water temperature directly depends on the time of the year, as, in principle, and the daylight regime. The optimal indicators are as follows:
- From December to May inclusive. not lower than 20 degrees, if daylight hours lasts 8 hours. 25 degrees.
- From June to August inclusive. with daylight up to 13 hours. 25-28 degrees.
- From September to November inclusive. with a daylight hours of 8 hours. 22-26 degrees.
For small turtles (up to 3 years old), the temperature in the aquarium should not go below 25 degrees.
If the deviations in temperature were short, then you should not worry, but long-term deviations can lead to pet diseases, lung and skin problems.
You can maintain a normal temperature in the aquarium with a conventional immersion heater for aquariums. It is equipped with a thermostat. To heat the land, it is advisable to use other auxiliary heaters. To do this, use special lamps for reptiles. But you can use an ordinary 60-watt solar medical, ultraviolet light bulb. A mirror-coated lamp is also suitable. They are installed in a specific area of the aquarium. So that the turtles do not have burns, the lamps are placed at a height of up to 60 centimeters from the water level.
How to feed pets
In the first few years of life, turtles need daily feeding. In the following years it will be enough to put in food several times a week. The food must be natural, which can be mixed with purchased dressings. Such nutrition will be vitamin and balanced.
Important! So that the tortoise shell is strong, I include a large amount of calcium in the diet. From plants, red-eared turtles can be given:
From plants, red-eared turtles can be given:
- Plants for the aquarium (vallisneria, hornwort, duckweed, etc.).
- Green tops of carrots, plantains or dandelions.
- Birch or willow twigs.
- From indoor plants, geranium, hibiscus or tradescantia are suitable.
- Fresh fruits and berries are suitable only in yellow and red shades. This can be bell peppers, melon, etc. Tomatoes, garlic and cabbage, pineapple, legumes and radish are the exceptions.
As top dressing, you can use earthworms, small crustaceans, moths, boiled or boiled fish and meat (only beef). Do not allow food particles to remain in the aquarium for more than an hour. this will significantly affect the quality of the water. Shrimp, squid and beef liver will be a treat for your pet. Also, sometimes you need to give the turtles live food so that they can hunt. It is highly recommended to create living conditions as close as possible to natural conditions for red-eared turtles.
Regardless of the type of turtle, every aquarium must be properly equipped. The reptile’s dwelling should match the natural conditions of its life as best as possible. But the individual characteristics of the arrangement of its living space will depend on the type of turtle. Turtles are not clean and pollute the water with food debris and excrement.
It is recommended to use a filter with a water capacity of 2 aquarium volumes per hour. In addition, equipment such as:
- conventional incandescent lamp (40 W);
- ultraviolet lamp (UVB 5%);
- water heater.
A place for feeding should be allocated by placing a feeder.
For terrestrial species, set up a small swimming pool in the terrarium
The decorative design of the home is also important: they place beautiful driftwood, stones and shelters where the pet can retire and relax
Waking up after hibernation
After about 3 to 4 months of winter sleep, the turtle should wake up on its own. If this did not happen, then you should take the animal out of the box and place it in the terrarium, having previously raised the temperature in it to 20. 22C. You can also leave your turtle in a crate, but move it to a room at room temperature. After the turtle has woken up and started moving on its own again, the following steps need to be taken. The first step is to bathe the animal in cool water with a temperature of 24 to 26C. At the same time, the turtle must drink a lot, restoring the water balance in the body. Then place her in the terrarium, turn on the lights and offer fresh food. In the first days after hibernation, the turtle may consume a minimum amount of food, but this is normal.
Description of the red-eared turtle
The wrinkled carapace of an adult red-eared turtle can reach a length of 28 cm, depending on the subspecies. The spot behind their eyes is not only bright red, but also bright yellow. In general, the color of these turtles is extremely varied, in addition, it changes greatly with age. Young animals are usually bright green, while older ones can turn completely black.
The plastron of red-eared turtles is bright yellow with dark rounded spots. The males of the decorated turtles have a long tail and long claws, there is no notch on the plastron, a slightly more pointed nose than the females. Females have short claws, short tail. Females (18-22 cm) are usually larger than males (14-16 cm). During the first 1.5 years of life, they are able to grow up to 7.5 cm, then growth slows down and the turtle grows 1-1.25 cm per year.
In the first 2 years, the turtle is quite capable of growing up to 20 cm or more, thus. the tortoise is not dwarf or decorative, as sellers often convince naive buyers. Trachemys scripta scripta. Length up to 27 cm. Has a very noticeable yellow postorbital spot connected to a strip on the neck. Each rib carapace has a yellow stripe.
Plastron yellow with spots on most of the anterior scutes. Trachemys scripta elegans. Length up to 28 cm. On the head there is a wide red postorbital stripe and narrow stripes on the chin. On each rib carapace along a transverse yellow stripe. Plastron with a large spot on each plate Trachemys scripta troostii. Length up to 21 cm.
Is it acceptable?
Using bottled water in an artificial pond is a great way to maintain high H2O quality because:
- it is free from toxic compounds such as chlorine and heavy metals,
- always has good transparency.
Ordinary water is used by amateurs of artificial reservoirs on an ongoing basis. With its help, aquarists start up aquariums, make weekly changes and refill instead of evaporated.
It does not contain dissolved gases and, as a rule, has a slightly acidic reaction, which is optimal conditions for most aquarium fish.
How to add correctly?
Using bottled aquarium water is best for weekly changes.
The amount of substitutions depends on the type:
- Medium-sized or herbal aquarium. 30% water weekly.
- Densely populated aquarium with large fish. either once a week 50%, or 2 times 30%.
- Shrimp. once a week for 10-15%.
After purchasing water, before pouring it into the aquarium, be sure to wait until it warms up to room temperature. This is especially important in winter.
Using soda is the old “old-fashioned” way of feeding aquarium plants with carbon. After all, water is carbonated due to carbon dioxide, which accelerates the growth of plants.
Therefore, many amateurs add soda at the rate of 10 ml per 10 liters of aquarium water daily along with fertilizers until the lights are turned on.
What is allowed?
Not every store-bought water is suitable for use in aquariums.
You can find various types on sale:
- drinking water.
It is ordinary drinking water that can be used.
As for mineral water, it contains an increased amount of salts, which negatively affects the development of plants and most fish. Artesian water. has a high acidity, which is also unacceptable for many aquatic organisms.
Most aquarium fish and plants prefer soft and slightly acidic water. And bottled water, which is sold as ordinary drinking water, is most often nothing more than osmotic water.
Checking H2O parameters
Before using the water for the aquarium, it should be tested. The main parameters that interest any aquarist are:
- Carbonate hardness (KH). This indicator is the most important. The lower it is, the better. You should not use water with KN more than 6.
- Total hardness (GH). For most cases, this is not the most important parameter, but if the aquarist is fond of decorative shrimp or finicky plant species, then he carefully monitors the total hardness of the water. The lower it is, the better. The lack of salts can always be restored artificially.
- Nitrates and Phosphates (NO3 and PO4). As a rule, in bottled water, the values of these parameters are minimal, but still, it is worth making sure.
How to bring the parameters of hardness and acidity back to normal?
If the water parameters do not correspond to the optimal ones, then they can be corrected.
Raising the KN is very simple, just add a little regular baking soda, but lowering it is much more difficult. The easiest way is to change the bottled water to another.
But if it is urgent to use it, and there is a need to lower the carbonate hardness, then there are several options, but they are quite laborious:
- Boiling. The water is boiled and the upper 80% is poured, the one that remains at the bottom is poured out. This procedure can be performed several times.
- Freezing. It is frozen, then the bottom piece of ice is chipped off, thrown away, and the top one is left.
- Use ion exchange resins.
All of these methods are not worth doing. It is much easier to choose the water that is initially suitable for the parameters.
Before figuring out how much water to put a turtle in an aquarium, let’s first figure out what kind of water to put in an aquarium.?
The most optimal option, which is suitable for most residents of multi-storey buildings, is tap water. But there are also several nuances here, about them a little below.
- Be sure to put a special filter on the tap. For a relatively large aquarium, it will be difficult to filter the water through, say, a “Pitcher” type filter, so it is recommended to purchase a “membrane” or “reverse osmosis filter”. These filters are installed directly into the water supply system of the apartment and have a separate tap through which purified water flows. These filters have several replaceable cartridges and not only fight against physical water pollution, but are also capable of destroying most of the known bacteria and viruses. Thus, pouring water into the aquarium should only be purified with special filters.
- The second nuance, before you start pouring water into the aquarium, leave the tap with purified water open for half a minute and let the water drain. This will save you from possible contamination of pipes that go after the filter.
- The third nuance is suitable for those who have a small aquarium. The purified water should be defended. This should be done if you do not have a water heater so that the water temperature becomes 25 degrees.
If it is not possible to settle the water in a separate container, you should move the inhabitants of the aquarium to a separate place, then drain the old water, wash the aquarium, draw clean water into it and heat it to the required temperature.
So, we have decided on the question of what water to pour into the aquarium. Our water quality tips are not only suitable for turtle breeders, but also for an aquarium with fish and other inhabitants.
How much water to pour a turtle into an aquarium
Today, many exotic lovers have different species of turtles as pets. These pets do not require daily care and do well in captivity. But having brought home an aquarium and having bought a turtle, the owner often has a question, how much water should the turtle put in the aquarium and what water to use? We will answer these questions within the framework of today’s article.
Amount of water
Let’s now figure out how much water to pour the turtle into the aquarium. Turtle aquariums are divided into 2 types, some of them have a glass shelf, which is decorated like a piece of sushi, and on which the turtle climbs to soak up the light under the light of an incandescent lamp, some of them do not have such a shelf.
With the first type, everything is simple. the amount of water must correspond to the shelf, the water level should be below the shelf by a couple of millimeters so that the turtle can freely climb onto land and return to the water.
If the aquarium is not equipped with a shelf, you should calculate the volume of water based on the size of the turtle and the number of individuals that live in the aquarium. The general rule of thumb for turtle breeders is that the volume of the tank should be 4 times the length of the turtle. Thus, if your turtle is 10 cm in size, a 40 liter aquarium will be enough, which should be filled with water from 1/3 to half of the capacity.
If the aquarium contains two individuals, then its size should be increased by about one and a half times. It is imperative that an aquarium for an aquatic turtle has an island of land, about 20% of the volume of the entire aquarium.
Note! The distance from the water to the top edge of the aquarium should be at least 15 cm so that your pet cannot escape.
In any case, if there is an opportunity to purchase a larger aquarium, this should be done, in such a dwelling the turtle will be more spacious, the water will be less polluted, and the view of a large aquarium is more presentable.
And how to equip an aquarium for a water turtle, we described in detail here.
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