Healthy newborn puppies sleep most of the time (up to 90%) during the first three weeks, the rest of the time they spend on food. Body temperature until the 20th day is about 36.5-38 ° C. During this period, the puppy must be provided with a constant, comfortable temperature regime, since he cannot independently maintain body temperature, even in a blanket.
If the puppy’s body temperature is below normal, this is hypothermia. In this case, it must be immediately warmed by applying it to your body (under the jacket). This is a long process: if the body temperature is 35 degrees, then rewarming will take 2 to 3 hours!
A chilled puppy should not be fed either with mother’s milk or artificial food, since the stomach and small intestines in this case will not cope with the load. In the process of warming, once an hour he is given a 10% glucose solution with water (3.5 ml per 100 g. Body weight). Instead of glucose, you can use a solution of honey, in extreme cases, sweetened with water: 3/4 teaspoon per 100 ml of water.
To accommodate newborns, it is necessary to organize a “nest”. This can be a box that is large enough to comfortably accommodate the puppies. Extra warmth and dryness can be provided by disposable diapers or cotton fabric. It is necessary to change them as they become dirty. The optimum temperature in the nest is 37. You can use an electric heating pad with a thermostat, bottles of warm water or a medical rubber heating pad.
Important: after 7 days from birth, puppies need to cut their claws and repeat the procedure every week. This process must be done as carefully as possible so as not to hurt the nerve endings. You can and should only trim the bent tip at the claw, no more than 1 mm!
Do not be alarmed that the puppies only eat and sleep: this is necessary, because they are growing! Kids will open their eyes in the interval from 11-15 days of life, they will begin to hear on the 18th day.
How and how much?
You definitely need to weigh the newborns and then monitor how they gain weight and how much they can eat at a time. If the puppy is weak, then it will need to be fed every 1.5 hours from a pipette, syringe or nipple (depending on its size and age). For the first time, 1 ml will be enough. At once.
After 2 weeks, increase the amount of milk to 5-10 milliliters at a time.
Often in the first few days after birth, babies do not gain weight, and sometimes they can even throw it off. Don’t worry: everything should be on the mend in 1-2 days. But if this does not happen, then immediately contact your veterinarian!
- At the age of 1 to 6 days. 15-20% of body weight.
- At the age of 7 to 13 days. 22-25%,
- At the age of 14 to 20 days. 30-32%
To get started, you need an eyedropper. You can also put a thin rubber tube on it or a syringe. If the puppy is rather large, then it is better to put a nipple on the syringe, in which you need to make a couple of small holes. When the puppies get older, you can use a special bottle with a nipple to feed them.
If the puppy is naughty and pushes the bottle away, then slightly shake the harm and drop milk on his tongue, and also hold his front paws so that he does not push the bottle away with them.
It is best to feed the puppies when they are lying on their tummies with their head slightly raised. for them this is the most natural position and the danger of bugging is reduced to zero. If you notice that the baby begins to swell because he is in a hurry to eat and does not have time to swallow food, remove the nipple from his mouth and give him a chance to rest. The most important thing is for breathing to return to normal, to become calm and measured.
Take your time to quickly feed the kids, a quick meal puts their lives at risk. Ideal position of the container for food and the puppy itself
After you have fed the young troglodyte, hold him for 1-2 minutes with a column, wipe his eyes and muzzle, and do a massage. After eating, the puppy will go to bed.
If the baby refuses to eat, drop a few drops on his tongue. After that, he will probably start sucking on the nipple with pleasure. It is better to make a few holes in the nipple.
If, when trying to suck, a newborn puppy is flowing milk from the nostrils, or he makes several breathing movements with his open mouth, then it is possible that he has amniotic fluid in the nasal passages or a congenital disease. an overgrown upper palate. In the first case, it is necessary to remove mucus by sucking it from the nose, but in the second, alas, to put it to sleep. the puppy will never be able to eat on its own.
At two weeks of age, the puppy should be taught to lap from a bowl. Dip the baby’s muzzle gently in the milk. Be careful not to let milk enter your nose.
For 2-week-old puppies, you can add special puppy cereals to the diet.
Three-week-old puppies will be able to digest and obtain additional nutrients from canned puppies, which are diluted with boiled water and have the consistency of sour cream.
How to feed your puppy dry food?
Feeding a growing dog with natural food is cheaper, but the preparation process is very time consuming. It is much easier to give your baby dry puppy food. It is correctly balanced and there is no need for additional vitamins and minerals.
What a pity the poor kids left without mom and dad. And how I want to give them all the necessary warmth and care. However, how to do it correctly and not ruin the kids?
This is a real SOS situation: is it really possible to feed a puppy healthy and strong without a mother at all??
Do not be afraid: Dog. Who will tell in all the details how to feed orphaned puppies, how to replace mother’s milk and how to properly take care of kutyats?
The best way to feed a puppy who is left without a mom is to find a wet nurse. This should be a suitable sized bitch with few puppies. Artificial feeding of newborn puppies from their very birth is a very laborious and difficult task, so it is better to “outsource”! But if you cannot find such a dog, then you have a feat according to your plan! And the plan for this feat is as follows:
How to feed your puppy correctly?
Do you want to know how and what is the best way to treat a little furry so that it turns into a beautiful and healthy dog? Then we will try to delve into this difficult question. Experienced dog breeders do not find this topic particularly problematic and feed the puppy on the machine. But the one who first started a dog, at the same time has a million questions about nutrition and everything must be answered immediately, since a living creature will not wait.
It is very important not to overfeed your puppy, breaking his stomach to an incredible size. Regular overeating is just as bad for the animal’s health as malnutrition. Large breed dogs, gaining weight quickly, have every chance of getting joint problems.
Then you will learn how to feed your puppy, how to choose the right combination of food for the menu, and what foods should be kept away from the dog.
After feeding, it is necessary to massage the puppies’ tummies to ensure stable bowel function. Up to 3 weeks, babies cannot urinate on their own and empty the intestines.
Active movement helps to speed up digestion and normal bowel function. You can imitate the movements of the tongue of a mother-dog using a piece of soft cloth, having previously immersed it in warm water. Massage the puppy’s tummy in a clockwise circular motion for five minutes before and after feeding.
It is also necessary to massage the baby’s ass. Regular hygiene is also a must. After the puppy goes to the toilet, use a soft cloth to collect the secretions to prevent skin irritation. The water temperature should not exceed 36 degrees.
Massage for a newborn puppy for bowel movement:
Be sure to monitor the behavior and appearance of your orphans, because their bodies still do not have enough strength to fight diseases, such as intestinal infection. Even because of such a minor illness, the puppy may die on the very first day. When intestinal infections appear in the bed, an unpleasant sour smell will appear, and yellow traces will remain around the priests.
How to feed your puppy with natural food?
The first thing that a dog owner should understand is that food for it should always be fresh. After all, for ourselves, we don’t buy meat a little cheaper and with a smell? An animal must be treated with the same responsibility as a child. Poisoning by poor quality food is a common occurrence in pets.
Dogs are often fed natural foods at home. It will cost a little less than dry food, and the owner can always be sure of the quality. But you should immediately prepare for the fact that now you will find frequent and regular purchases, heavy bags and constant cooking, because at first the puppy eats very often. If this does not frighten you. let’s get acquainted with the list of products that are required by the growing body of a dog of any breed.
Never give a puppy food from your table. such food categorically does not suit him, even if it is a fragrant borscht cooked with soul.
So, to feed a young dog we need:
- Milk. A small puppy up to 4 months old is fed with milk. It is vital for a pet for normal growth and development. Milk is given in pure form or porridge is boiled on it. But then the question arises. what kind of milk to feed? It is better if it is goat, as it is very rarely allergic. But getting it is not always possible. Therefore, cow is suitable, but not whole, but diluted, so as not to cause upset in the puppy. Closer to 6 months, the amount of milk is reduced, and then it is removed altogether, replacing it with sour milk.
- Dairy products. For good digestion, as well as for enriching the body with calcium, a young dog must be given cottage cheese, kefir, low-fat sour cream. Not everyone knows that you can give a puppy a whey, which contains a lot of useful substances, but it costs literally a penny. When the puppy grows up, the amount of fermented milk products will be much less. 2-3 times a week. Hard cheese is very useful for the puppy, which is given to him as a reward for success in training.
- Meat. It should be at least 40% or 20-30 grams per kilogram of weight in the diet. The meat is served raw, frozen, boiled or scalded. However, most of the time a puppy is fed with raw meat, since a dog is, whatever one may say, a predator. It is allowed to feed the puppy with skinless chicken, turkey, veal, beef, horse meat. In addition to pure meat, meat offal is very useful for a puppy. Like meat, they are given cooked or raw. It is very good to include a cow’s stomach, udder, trachea, liver, kidneys in the diet of a growing dog. All meat products should be cut into small cubes, but not in the form of minced meat.
- A fish. Fish or seafood should be given to the puppy twice a week. It can be squid, shrimp, mackerel, hake, pollock. If there is confidence in the purity of the product, then boiling is not necessary. But it is better to refuse river fish. In addition to the high risk of infection with helminths, there is a chance that the puppy will choke on the bone, since they are very small and it is simply unrealistic to choose everything. Fish is given instead of meat feeding.
- Vegetables. Every baby needs vitamins. Most of them are found, of course, in vegetables. Gradually they are offered to the animal, mixed with curd or porridge. You can rub them on a fine grater and give them fresh or stewed. so they are better absorbed without causing frustration. It is good to give the puppy pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, beets, and also add a little greens. onions, parsley, spinach.
- Berries and fruits. Many dogs love fruits. But not all owners know if they can be allowed to eat. Definitely, you cannot force a dog to eat what is useful if it does not want to. But if your dog is happy to crunch an apple or pick up fallen apricots, and at the same time everything is fine with his digestion, such a vitamin supplement is very useful. It is undesirable to give the puppy grapes and currants, which cause bloating and the accumulation of harmful substances in the body. You need to be careful with stone fruits, which contain hydrocyanic acid, as well as with bananas. the puppy quickly gets fat from them.
- Groats. It is compulsory to feed the puppy with porridge. But it serves only as an addition to the main dairy and meat diet. In no case should the puppy eat only cereals. In the first months, the baby is boiled in milk. It can be semolina, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal. You need to watch how the dog transfers this or that product. If it did not work out with buckwheat and the dog is upset from it, then this cereal is excluded for a while.
What to feed up to 1 month?
For feeding, you will need a pipette, a syringe with a rubber nozzle, a measuring bottle with a nipple.
Newborn puppies should receive food every 2-3 hours. The temperature of the mixture should be between 38 and 40 degrees.
What milk to feed your puppy
Every newly-made owner of a little four-legged friend is most concerned about the question of how to feed the puppy. After all, the more competent the diet is, the healthier the dog will grow. Of course, it is impossible to change some genetically inherent deviations in the structure, but it is possible and even necessary to influence the formation of the body with the help of proper nutrition and care.
How to feed a toy terrier?
Pets make our lives better. They meet us from work, delight us with their behavior and appearance. But we should not forget that the animal is not a toy; it also needs careful and proper care. This is especially true for small pedigree dogs such as the Toy Terrier and Chihuahua. How to care for, what to feed that terrier, to what diseases is he predisposed? A responsible owner should know all this.
First of all, you will have to decide what to give toychik. dry food or natural products. Experts recommend choosing one or the other. Many people tend to choose high quality dry food, because their composition is well balanced. the dog receives all the substances necessary for life and health. As far as food taste and variety are concerned, they are not that important to our four-legged friends. However, this only applies to premium, super premium and holistic foods specially designed for the care of small decorative dogs.
Unfortunately, dry food of the “economy” class does not meet these requirements, so they should prefer natural or mixed food.
The natural diet should consist of fifty percent meat products, and if the dog is very active. two-thirds. The rest of the food is fermented milk products, vegetables, cereals and some fruits.
However, you should not give toychik food from your table. spices, smoked meats and all kinds of additives will negatively affect his health.
Be sure to keep in mind that all responsibility for the health of the baby lies with you. It is from your right or wrong choice that its appearance, condition of teeth and even mood will depend.
Yorkies are selective, this is not the kind of dog that you can feed from the table and not think about making a special menu. This can harm the dog in varying degrees, from digestive problems to death.
over, Yorkshire Terriers often refuse to eat on their own and wait for the owners to hand feed them. This is an example of wrong parenting, everything is in your hands.
Of course, every dog is different. Even its appearance will depend on the character of your pet. Playful and lively Yorkies remain skinny, but phlegmatic dogs who do not know the measure in food risk becoming obese.
The owner’s task is to track all the features of your Yorkie in time. If he is prone to uncontrolled overeating, limit him in portions, if he is inactive, regularly take him out for walks and put him on a diet.
What kind of milk can you feed a toy terrier puppy?
Best of all ready-made mixtures. Substitutes for bitch milk. There is now commercially available puppy milk that contains all the nutrients you need, is easy to prepare, easy to digest, and not upset. On the Ukrainian market, the substitutes for royal Canine, Mera Dog, Gimborn are mainly widespread. If you don’t have factory-made milk. Find and purchase it in the near future, but in the meantime you can make the following mixtures yourself, which the great breeder Hilary Harmer recommends in her wonderful book.
Goat milk can be used as a substitute for dry milk. Dog milk contains more than twice the protein and fat of cow’s milk and significantly less sugar, so supermarket cow’s milk may not be suitable for feeding suckling puppies.
The puppy usually spits out the pacifier immediately. Put a few drops on your tongue. After this, the puppy will usually suckle. If he still spits out what you offer him. Pull the nipple out of your mouth, shake the puppy lightly and put a few drops on his tongue again.
The puppy needs to swaddle its front legs so that it does not push the bottle away. Place the puppy on your lap with its tummy down and slightly raise its head. This is the natural position of the puppy, in the event that it is fed by the mother, and in such a position it is less likely that it will swell.
When the puppy sucks too greedy and fast, taking big gulps. You also need to pull the nipple out of your mouth and let it catch its breath, as the mixture can enter the respiratory tract. The most common mistake owners make. Milk delivery too fast. If you see milk in the form of bubbles coming out of the puppy’s nose, immediately, while supporting the neck, take it with both hands with its back up and shake it down.
If the puppies are left without a mother, then you need to help them support
Are you here. Healthy foods for york
Meat is a staple in the diet. It can be served raw or cooked. You can feed a Yorkie with chicken, offal (but only boiled), lean beef and veal.
Raw vegetables and fruits should also be included in the animal’s diet. Apples are extremely important for these dogs. Small amounts of dried fruit can also be fed to the Yorkshire Terrier. They contain a large amount of manganese, potassium and iron, in addition, they contribute to the normalization of metabolic processes.
Dairy products (cottage cheese, low-fat kefir) are sources of calcium. They must be included in the diet of a dog, especially at a puppy age, when bones and teeth are formed. Milk is needed only up to 4 months, later. exclude.
Dog puppies, like human children, require more careful nutrition and care. Remember how and what the kids are fed with, and you will understand how to feed that puppy terrier.
Frequency of meals
You need to feed the little toy terrier as much as all the babies. about 5-6 times a day in small portions. Do not forget that the stomach is still small and not strong, and therefore products must be chosen very carefully.
Reduce the number of meals gradually. First, up to 4 times a day (5-6 months), then up to 3 times a day (1 year), and an adult dog should eat 2 times a day (2 years).
Types and selection of finished feed
For feeding puppies, you can also use dry ready-to-eat food of industrial production, which fully meets the needs of the growing organism.
Foods with optimal protein and vitamin components include super-premium and holistic products. These types of feed are made from high quality natural meat raw materials, they do not contain genetically modified products, preservatives, chemical dyes and flavorings. In addition, the cereals included in these feeds do not contain gluten, which is a strong allergen.
The best wet food for growing dogs are listed below.
- Super premium canned food Hills Ideal Balance. Made from chicken and turkey with the addition of vegetable components, bran, flaxseed and rice starch. The product is enriched with a complex of minerals and vitamins, and also has a balanced composition of essential fatty acids.
- Eukanuba super premium canned food. They are made from chicken meat and by-products with the addition of vegetables. The product is fortified, enriched with vegetable and animal fats, minerals, fully balanced for feeding puppies.
- Almo Nature products are super premium. It contains 50% natural meat and vegetable components. There are several options available as pate or canned food with chopped pieces of fish, meat cooked in their own juice, broth or jelly. All ingredients are natural, have a balanced composition for puppies.
- Belcando canned food for puppies. It is a holistic product, cooked in meat broth and contains chicken fillet pieces, as well as chicken offal and a whole chicken egg. Nutrition for puppies and fortified with vitamins D, E and also contains thistle oil and chia seeds.
- Almo Nature Bio Pate puppy pate, holistic class. Made from natural products: beef, poultry or fish. The pates are packaged in pouches of 100 g or 300 g. Additional ingredients are gluten-free vegetables and cereals. Each type of pate contains its own specific mineral supplements and vitamins.
Below are the best dry puppy foods.
- 1st Choice presents super premium dry food for puppies. The feed contains natural chicken meat, pearl barley or oatmeal, chopped beets and tomatoes. Granules intended for feeding puppies are small in size and enriched with a vitamin complex. The negative factor is that the product contains salt. The food is intended for puppies aged 2 to 12 months.
- Eukanuba’s super premium food is designed for puppies from 1 to 12 months of age. The product contains chicken or turkey, as well as rice, wheat and corn. The feed is enriched with calcium and prebiotics. There are no flavorings or preservatives in the feed.
- Trainer Dry Food has a super premium line of products designed for puppies from 1 to 10 months of age. The product contains natural turkey or chicken meat, as well as fish, pork, fruits and vegetables. The composition is completely balanced in terms of the ratio of vitamins and microelements, allowing the puppy to grow and develop quickly.
- Acana holistic food has a line designed for puppies. This food is suitable for a fast-growing organism and is balanced in the amount of proteins and carbohydrates. The share of natural meat in feed is at least 60-65%. In addition to it, it contains hypoallergenic oats, as well as fruits and vegetables. Using this food, you can be sure that your puppy will receive a daily dose of vitamins and proteins.
- Dry food Grandorf holistic class is intended for puppies, as it contains only high quality ingredients. The food is made from beef, veal, lamb, turkey. In addition, it contains vegetables and fruits. In the composition of these feeds there are no offal and cereals, but they are enriched with a balanced complex of vitamins and minerals.
When choosing food for a puppy, you must remember that good quality food will be the key to his health in adulthood. Whenever possible, it is best to use super-premium and holistic food to feed the baby, and the choice of brand should be made based on the needs of the pet’s body.
Water in the diet
The puppy needs access to clean water for normal digestion and life support. If the dog is on a natural food ration, then a certain amount of moisture is received by his body from food. If the puppy is fed dry food, then his need for water supply doubles. If the animal does not have enough water, then its digestion will be disrupted. food will not be able to be digested and absorbed by the body, and it will also be difficult to excrete it naturally due to the development of constipation.
In order for the puppy to drink fresh water, it must be changed periodically, since, mixing with the animal’s saliva, such water can become source of bacterial infection.
What can be given from natural products?
For a growing puppy of 2-3 months old, the most important thing is to get enough energy from food, which the dog needs for active movement and development. In addition, complete food is the so-called building material for a young dog’s body, and thanks to this, the animal grows and develops bones, muscles, internal organs.
Closer to three months, a dog’s natural diet should consist of 70-75% of foods that contain a lot of protein: low-fat meats and ocean fish, dairy products, eggs. To improve the functioning of the digestive tract, cereals and boiled vegetables should be added to the puppy’s food, and their volume in the daily diet should take up to 10%.
Below are natural foods that are suitable for feeding a puppy at 2 and 3 months.
- Milk and whey. Milk is used both as a separate food and for preparing complementary cereals based on it. Whole goat’s milk is best absorbed in the puppy’s body. But if it is not possible to purchase it, then you can replace it with a cow analogue, but only in a diluted form. Whey for puppies can be added to food in small quantities. it is source of lactic acid bacteria and trace elements.
- Cottage cheese, sour cream, kefir. Sour milk products with a low proportion of fat content are fed to puppies 2-3 times a day to introduce calcium into the body and enrich the intestinal microflora. You can use cottage cheese, kefir, sour cream and even small pieces of semi-hard cheese.
- Meat and organ meats are the main source of energy and protein for a dog. The baby can be fed with beef, rabbit, chicken or turkey, horse meat and veal. Boil the chicken and turkey and remove the skin. Other types of meat can be given both raw and boiled. From by-products, puppies are recommended to give beef tripe, lung, udder, liver, having previously cut them into small pieces.
- Saltwater fish and seafood. Meat can be replaced with fish twice a week. for this, fillets of pollock, mackerel, hake, cod, peeled from skin and bones, are suitable. Crushed squid or shrimp can be fed to puppies. Such food contains essential omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for the full development of a growing dog.
- Fresh vegetables are an essential part of a dog’s natural diet. Vegetables contain not only minerals and vitamins, but also plant fiber, which helps to improve digestive processes and cleanse the intestines. It is best for puppies to add fresh fruits and vegetables to their food, grated through a coarse grater. But you can use vegetables and stewed with porridge or curd mass.
- Fruits, berries. These ingredients are not only a treat for puppies, but also a vitamin supplement. The fruits are peeled, fruit seeds are removed, and then crushed on a coarse grater. Small berries can be given whole, slightly mashing them. Fruits and berries should be given raw to the dog to retain more nutrients. For kids, an apple, pear, apricot, peach, raspberry will suit.
- Cereals. They are necessary in the baby’s diet in the form of cereals. At 2-3 months, porridge is cooked for puppies using milk, and when they grow up, milk is replaced with water or vegetable broth. Porridge is only a small part of the diet and cannot completely replace the entire amount of daily nutrition for a puppy. For cooking porridge, buckwheat, rice, semolina or oatmeal are used. When introducing cereals into the diet, it is necessary to observe the reaction of the dog’s body and, if symptoms of allergy appear, refuse to use it.
- Egg. It is a very valuable protein product and should be given to puppies at least 2 times a week. Puppies should be fed an omelet or crushed boiled egg yolk. Quail eggs are considered the most beneficial for a dog’s health.
- Fats. In a small amount, vegetable or butter is added to the puppies’ food. Babies should also be given slave fat. The animal’s body needs fats constantly, so the puppy should eat them every day.
What and how to feed a puppy at 2-3 months?
The first 30 days after birth, puppies feed exclusively on mother’s milk, but already in the second month, the milk diet of babies is supplemented with the first complementary foods. The correct composition of the diet at such an early age is the key to the health of an adult dog, since it is at the age of two months that the animal forms the correct eating habits. Because of what breed the pet belongs to, how its metabolism occurs, and also how genetically predisposed it is to a particular type of food, the order of drawing up a daily nutrition program for it also depends.
The puppy can be fed with either natural food or special and balanced commercially produced ready-to-eat foods. Feeding the dog with natural food is considered the most difficult task, since in this case the owner is responsible for the correct preparation of the menu for the baby.
Food for a growing puppy should be nutritious and high in calories. To properly organize a healthy diet for a puppy, you need to take into account that it must be performed strictly at certain times. This mode allows the dog to develop a conditioned reflex, and when the time comes for feeding, it will have a sufficient amount of digestive enzymes necessary to digest and assimilate the food eaten.
It is required to feed a puppy at 2 months at least 5 times a day, and sometimes the dog needs to be given food 6 times a day. The distribution of eating periods depends on the capabilities of the owner and the dog, but it is best if the meals are carried out at regular intervals without long hunger breaks. The nutritional norm of a 3-month-old puppy should also be at least 5 times a day. The most important thing is to observe the mode of food intake built by the owner and not break it, so that the dog can get used to it.
An approximate natural food menu for a two month old puppy will look like this:
- 8.00. first morning meal: cottage cheese 1% fat with stewed vegetables;
- 11.00. buckwheat porridge with pieces of raw meat;
- 14.00. stewed vegetables with boiled meat;
- 17.00. kefir and cottage cheese, in a 1: 1 ratio, you can additionally grind half of the egg yolk;
- 20.00. rice porridge in vegetable broth with vegetables and raw meat;
- 22.00. boiled meat.
Menu for a three-month-old puppy fed with ready-to-eat foods:
- 7.30. dry food granules should be poured with warm vegetable broth, after they swell, mix with meat paste;
- 10.30. canned food in lamb sauce;
- 13.30. pour dry food granules with warm diluted meat broth and add stewed vegetables;
- 16.30. meat pâté and yolk of one chicken egg;
- 19.30. dry food granules should be poured with warm vegetable broth and mixed with canned meat.
The norm of the daily food volume depends on which breed the pet belongs to. For example, miniature dogs will eat less than mongrels, and larger breeds require a larger portion of food. Large and active breeds of dogs, which already from puppyhood move a lot and get physical activity, often need to be given additional complexes of vitamins and minerals. It is best to choose such a vitamin composition together with a veterinarian.
Serving volume for natural feeding should be determined based on the dog’s breed and weight. The average daily requirements for a dog aged 2-3 months in a particular product will be as follows:
- Meat. 250-300 g;
- Groats. 100-150 g;
- Vegetables. 170-200 g;
- Milk. 400-450 g;
- Sea fish. 30-35 g;
- Fish oil. 1 teaspoon.
Among experienced breeders of dogs, there is an opinion that puppies of three months of age require so much food per day so that its volume is at least 7% of their weight. The need for a growing body in good nutrition depends on the speed of metabolic processes, ambient temperature, the presence or absence of stressful situations, physical activity, hair density and many other factors.
You should watch your pet when he eats:
- If within 10 minutes his bowl is empty, it means that there is enough food for the dog;
- If the food ends earlier than after 10 minutes, then there is little food for the animal;
- If after this time the bowl contains leftover food, it means that the owner is overfeeding the dog.
See the next video for how to feed your puppy.
What and how to feed weaned puppies?
First of all, ask the breeder (or former owner) for something with the scent of the puppy’s mom to ease some of the stress of the move. And the food should not be noticeably different from what he received earlier. If the puppy consumed only milk, you will first have to feed him from the nipple, and then give a liquid gruel for some time until the baby gets used to chewing and swallowing solid food.
How to feed puppies from a teat? Usually babies are fed with cow’s milk, infant formula or liquid cereals. But most often, by the age of one month, puppies are already familiar with meat. Therefore, when the puppy gets used to the absence of his mother, you can transfer him to normal food.
How to feed your monthly puppies?
Milk and meat products are best digested at this age in dogs. You can give liquid and semi-liquid porridge. Semolina, oatmeal or rice. Minced meat, cottage cheese, dairy products. It is useful to add ground eggshells, activated charcoal, bone meal, and even seaweed to food. Fish and egg yolk are recommended once a week.
Dry food or natural food?
How to feed puppies that are already a little older? Your pet needs to get all the nutrients it needs for normal growth and development. You can transfer your baby to high-quality dry food designed for puppies. It is balanced in terms of the content of vitamins and minerals and, if you choose the right product, then you do not need to give the puppy any additional feeding. Make sure that your baby always has enough clean water.
If you decide to feed your puppy with natural food, then try to provide your pet with everything you need. Two thirds of your pet’s diet should be meat products, one third. Porridge, and the rest. Vegetables and dairy. The puppy must receive cottage cheese and dairy products (several times a week). It is better to cook porridge in meat broth, gradually abandoning dairy. Be sure to give finely chopped meat and raw vegetables every day.
Many owners are concerned about how much to feed the puppy? This is really important, because if the baby does not finish eating, he will develop poorly, the coat will become dull and sparse, and the puppy will quickly get tired. If there is more than enough food, the puppy will become fat, in addition, there will be disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
Most experts recommend feeding the puppy every three hours for up to two months, that is, 5-6 times a day. From four to five months, it can be transferred to four feeding times, and at seven months. Three meals a day. By one year, most dogs eat twice a day. Serving size is individual and depends on the breed, activity of the dog and lifestyle. The puppy should eat everything, but still be a little hungry (just like a human). Monitor your pet’s well-being carefully. And you will know if you feed him right.
Before you get a pet, think carefully about whether you can provide the pet with everything you need. It is not enough to know how to feed puppies: in addition to food, a little friend requires affection, care and attention. This is not a toy that you can throw away as soon as you get tired of it. Remember: we are responsible for those we have tamed!