home Aquarium What should be a red-eared turtle aquarium

What should be a red-eared turtle aquarium

Filtration

The health of the turtle directly depends on the state of the water in the aquarium, so it must be kept clean. For the terrarium, it is best to use external aquarium filters of any type.

The better the filter works, the less often a complete water change will be needed.

To maintain the ecological balance, it is necessary to regularly replace half of the water volume weekly. Before replacing, the water is defended.

How to equip an island?

The red-eared turtle leads a sedentary lifestyle, spending a lot of time not only in the water, but also on the shore, therefore, in the aquarium, it is necessary to equip at least one, and preferably several land areas per turtle (one in a shaded place, and the other in a brightly lit warm place ). On land, the turtle receives oxygen and enjoys UV rays.

  • The land area must occupy at least a quarter of the area of ​​the entire bottom.
  • Land areas should have a sloping bank that rises smoothly from the bottom. Steep drops are not allowed. You can build a ladder or mini-ladder, put a large stone or a grotto with gentle walls.
  • The surface of the islands should be made of high quality materials and be rough. If there is soil on the island, then it should not crumble into the water.
  • If there are several turtles, then the land should have such a total area that all individuals simultaneously have access to it and can fit.
  • If there are several islands, then some of them may not be completely dry, but covered with water by a few millimeters.

The islet should be located about 30 cm below the edge of the terrarium so that the animal does not get out and run away.

red-eared, turtle, aquarium

Lighting

In their natural habitat, red-eared turtles love to crawl ashore and bask in the sun. Therefore, it is better to install an incandescent lamp in an aquarium over one of the islands. The distance from land to the lamp should be such that the lamp heats the air above it to a norm of 28-32 ° C. The lights must be turned off at night.

Temperature regime

The recommended water temperature for a red-eared turtle is 23-28 ° C. The temperature on a shaded (cold) land island should be 23-25 ​​° С, and in a brightly lit (warm) area. 28-32 ° С. This is an absolutely ideal option for arranging the temperature conditions that are most suitable for the red-eared turtle.

Heating is required to create these temperature conditions. The main heating is carried out using a special lamp, which is fixed over one of the islands. If the temperature during heating by the lamp is insufficient, then additional heating is applied.

A submerged aquarium heater can be used. Particular attention should be paid to its location: the turtle should not be able to accidentally bite into the electrical wire or damage it with its shell.

Choosing an aquarium

When choosing the size and type of aquarium, it is necessary to take into account the dimensions of an adult animal and the characteristics of its body. Red-eared turtles spend a lot of time underwater or at the bottom of an artificial reservoir, where they feel safe.

The volume of the aquarium is selected depending on the size and number of turtles. For one turtle 13 cm long or a pair of young individuals 10 cm long, a one-liter aquarium will suffice. As it grows, the container is replaced with a larger one. So, for a pair of turtles 20-30 cm long, a two-hundred-liter aquarium is already required.

The red-eared turtle is a swimming reptile. In addition to water, dry land is vital for her, on which she heats up and gets an ultraviolet tan. The recommended size of the land area is at least 25% of the total area of ​​the aquarium. It is advisable to firmly attach the island to the base of the container.

The container should be equipped with a lid, such that pets cannot move it and get out, but at the same time it is well breathable.

Aquarium decoration

The main principle for choosing decorations is safety. Do not use items made of environmentally hazardous materials, with sharp corners or edges.

Green plants can be planted for young turtles. Adults do not need soil, and they can eat or damage plants.

In an aquarium with red-eared turtles, artificial plants made of plastic or silk will be appropriate. They are fixed in the ground with weights. Artificial vines can also be installed on the islands.

To decorate the terrarium, you can use a variety of driftwood, grottoes, unusual stones and other elements. The driftwood should not be fresh, as it will release harmful substances into the water. It is better to take pieces of wood that have been lying in the water of any body of water for a long time. The bark must be removed from them.

Ultraviolet

Most hobbyists ignore the need for UV light in red-eared turtles. Nevertheless, UV radiation is vital for them (only UVB and UVA rays! UVC is absolutely not allowed, as they burn out the retina and lead to blindness of the animal!). Without it, vitamin D3 is not synthesized in the body of turtles and calcium is not absorbed. The consequences of this are rickets and the death of the animal.

The UV lamp should shine 12 hours a day. Install it from above at a distance of at least 30 cm from the ground. The lamp is changed once a year.

Red-eared turtles aquarium

Providing light and ultraviolet

In their natural environment, red-eared reptiles periodically crawl out of the water onto land, where they warm up, lying on coastal zones. To provide the pet with conditions close to natural, it is advisable to install an artificial lighting device above one of the islands.

There should be a sufficient distance from the island to the light source so that the lamp warms up the air to 29 °.31 ° C, but does not overheat the reptile. If several individuals live in the tank, then they can climb onto each other’s backs, striving closer to the warmth. it is important that they do not come close to the device. At night, lighting and heating devices must be turned off.

Also, these reptiles dive not very gracefully, they raise a whole cloud of spray. And then water can fall on the lamp base and destroy this hot part of the device. It is better to cover the luminaire with a shade that protects it from moisture and steam.

Often, the owners of these reptiles do not attach due importance to their special need for ultraviolet radiation. However, only with sufficient illumination, the pet’s body is able to independently produce the required amounts of vitamin D3. This element, in turn, is necessary so that calcium supplied from food can be perfectly absorbed.

READ  Soft Turtle Shell What To Do

With a lack of ultraviolet rays, the turtles develop rickets, and without timely treatment, individuals die. As a result of practical experiments, it was possible to find out that the ultraviolet lamp should work for about 10-12 hours per day in order to provide the red eagle with the necessary rays. The device is installed at a distance of 35-45 cm from the land surface, and the lamps should be replaced every 12 months.

Does the aquarium need a cover

When arranging a house, it is necessary to take into account. it must necessarily have a cover that will reliably protect the container and at the same time allow air to pass through well. Owners who neglect this condition may one day not find the inhabitants in the dwelling. What are the odds of a red-eared turtle surviving without water?

In fact, if you find the loss in time and go in search, then in most cases the travelers are found. sluggish, but alive. Representatives of this breed can live on land for 1-2 days, but they will not be able to completely avoid drying out.

Amount of water

Do not fill the tank, there should be a distance of at least 20 cm from the water level to the edges.On average, the level does not exceed 2/3 of the tank volume.

Red-eared turtle aquarium

In Russia, these exotic aquarium inhabitants are called red-eared, and in Germany. red-cheeked, and all due to the presence of a distinctive feature in turtles. red spots in the area of ​​the cheeks-ears. The second name of the breed is the yellow-bellied turtle, which has a yellow plastron. These reptiles have gained great popularity among aquarists due to their original appearance, relative unpretentiousness and long life cycle. But only a pet that lives in comfortable conditions and receives the required care can live for several decades in captivity. What is the right aquarium for a red-eared turtle, and how to properly equip it to make your pet feel at home?

Important points when equipping an aquaterrarium

Before installing and equipping the tank, consider the following points:

  • It is necessary to choose a suitable place for it. it is strictly forbidden to put it in a draft or near a window where direct sunlight will fall into the container. both can lead to diseases of the inhabitants and subsequent death.
  • The volume of water and the size of the land should be calculated. taking into account the length of the individuals and their number.
  • It is important to take care of a comfortable temperature regime, high-quality water filtration, lighting equipment and access to a sufficient amount of ultraviolet rays. all this is necessary for the full life of turtles.

Correct selection of the tank

To choose a suitable aquaterrarium for a red-eared turtle, you should focus on the size of an adult and general breed characteristics. Even if, when buying, the seller assures that the representatives of this breed are dwarf turtles and are able to live almost in a box, you should not believe this.

“Krasnushki” prefer to spend most of their time in water or even on the ground of an artificial reservoir. Based on the size of adults of this breed, they can not be called dwarf in any way: the length of males raised in captivity reaches 17 cm, females. 3-4 cm more.

Temperature requirements

Stability is important for reptiles. this refers to the temperature of the aquatic environment and air, and it is desirable to maintain the indicators within the framework. The optimum temperature for turtles on land is 27 °.28 ° С, for water. from 30 ° to 32 ° С. If you allow a significant increase in the temperature of the air in the tank (this often happens with improper installation and use of lighting devices), then the animal can overheat and die.

As for water, in order to maintain performance, it is better not to rely on your own feelings and not to allow it to cool below 20 ° C. It is advisable to install a heater that maintains the required temperature. You should regularly measure the air and water indicators in the aquarium in order to adjust them in time. And for this it is necessary to install thermometers in the tank.

Vegetation

Young turtle loves plants, as well as the neighborhood of small, peaceful fish. But adults perceive both fish and vegetation as food. Adult turtles can seriously harm greenery by eating it clean, so it’s better to decorate their house with artificial flora. And if we take into account the dimensions of the individuals, all decorative elements should be fixed using special weights.

Natural driftwood can be used as a decoration for the dwelling of redheads, only they must first be cleaned of bark, grottoes, unusual stones and more.

How to take care of a Turtle? �� RED EARED SLIDER

How to equip a red-eared turtle aquarium

In nature, red-eared turtles live along the shores of lakes and rivers in a subtropical and temperate climate. Therefore, for the home keeping of this heat-loving reptile, it is necessary to properly equip an aquarium (aquaterrarium) with suitable conditions.

Dimensions of the aquaterrarium

Setting up a turtle aquarium starts with buying it. A common mistake novice breeders make is choosing a small aquarium (up to 50 liters). Such a container is well suited as a first home for very small individuals, but they will grow very quickly and soon the aquarium will have to be replaced. For a grown reptile with a shell size of 10-15 cm, it is recommended to buy an aquarium for at least 100 liters. For a pair of animals, it is better to purchase a container of 150-200 liters. Red-eared turtles are very mobile, swim a lot, and also like to lie on the bottom for a long time. Therefore, the water level should be at least 40 cm. with a large volume of water, it will become contaminated more slowly and less often require replacement. The height of the aquarium does not have to be very high, but too low sides can cause the reptile to escape. It is better if there is a reserve of 15-20 cm above the water level, then the mobile turtle will not be able to climb over the wall.

IMPORTANT: If the sides are not high enough, you can keep the turtle with less water. But it is necessary to ensure that the water level slightly exceeds the width of the animal’s shell.

Lighting installation

It is impossible to properly equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle without installing two types of lighting. The main function of the incandescent lamp is to heat the land area (island), where the animal gets out after eating. For the process of digestion, a reptile needs an air temperature of at least 28-33 degrees, otherwise the metabolism slows down. If the temperature drops below 20 degrees, the animal can become seriously ill. To ensure suitable conditions, you will need a 60-75 W incandescent lamp, which must be positioned directly above the island. Clothespin fixtures that fit comfortably on the side of the aquarium work well.

For keeping the turtle at home, the presence of an ultraviolet lamp is critical. Without the opportunity to bask in the sun, the reptile quickly weakens and becomes vulnerable to disease, and the inability to absorb calcium due to lack of vitamin D leads to the development of rickets. To avoid these consequences, you need to install a special UV lamp that turns on every day for several hours. It is important to remember that reptiles quickly overheat, so there must be a shaded corner in the avcaterrarium where the temperature does not exceed 25 degrees.

READ  How to equip a red-eared turtle aquarium

IMPORTANT: When purchasing a UV lamp, you need to pay attention to the type of radiation. Only UVB and UVA rays are suitable for reptiles, a UVC-labeled lamp can burn the retina of the turtle’s eye, making it blind.

Filters and aeration

  • external. they are installed outside the aquarium, have several compartments, and due to the high pump power, they are best suited for large-volume containers;
  • internal. submersible devices, which are installed at the bottom or near the wall of the aquarium, are designed for a volume of no more than 50-80 liters;

Filtering equipment for an aquarium uses different types of cleaning, the most common is mechanical. water is driven through a sponge, which retains particles of contamination. A much more effective method of purification that uses the multiplication of bacteria. they feed on organic residues and at the same time enrich the water with useful compounds. Oxygen is required for the vital activity of bacterial colonies, therefore, a water aeration device must be installed in the aquaterrarium. Most external biofilters already have a built-in aeration function.

Island

An aquarium complex for a red-eared turtle must necessarily include land areas. Reptiles spend part of their time on the beach every day, basking under lamps. this is how the process of digesting food takes place. To properly equip the aquarium, you will need to purchase a special island or attach a shelf with a gentle slope to the water.

It is necessary to install these devices so that at least 25-30 cm remains to the edge of the sides, then the animal will not be able to get out.

The size of the land depends on the number of individuals kept, but the minimum volume should be 25-30% of the total area of ​​the aquarium. It is better to place several islands, make them different in height, place one under the lamp and the other in the shade. The surface of the islands must be rough, with irregularities, otherwise the turtles will slide and will not be able to rise out of the water.

Soil selection

The turtle should be comfortable to move along the bottom and push off from it. The soil should also not accumulate dirt, release harmful substances or pose any other health hazard to the pet. Therefore, it is not recommended to use sand or peat. it is difficult to wash them with high quality, in such material the paws of the animal will bind. Small pebbles or glass beads are much more convenient to care for, but an adult can easily swallow their particles. Natural pebbles, artificial granules or special mineral blocks, which additionally saturate the water with calcium, are best suited.

How to decorate an aquarium

Setting up an aquarium for a red-eared turtle is not limited to installing the necessary equipment. In addition to functional devices, there are many decorative items that will help create a special atmosphere in the pet’s home.

Beautiful driftwood is placed at the bottom or installed in the form of an additional island, algae and vines made of plastic or silk look good in water and on land. The soil is decorated with shells, starfish and transparent colored glass granules. An unusual grotto island can be made with your own hands by folding a semblance of an arch made of flat large pebbles.

IMPORTANT: Optional accessories will help you decorate your aquarium and make it look spectacular. Be aware, however, that many materials can pose a health hazard to reptiles or release toxic substances. Objects with sharp edges, fragile walls cannot be used as decorations. the turtle can bite off a piece or get hurt. For this reason, it is not recommended to put artificial plants, accessories made of thin glass or plastic, or small shells in the aquaterrarium with adults.

What should be a red-eared turtle aquarium

A red-eared turtle aquarium is a small ecosystem that you can create in your home with your own hands. When choosing the size and type of an aquarium, it is necessary to take into account the size of an adult animal and the characteristics of its body. This is a swimming reptile, which, in addition to water, vitally needs dry land, where it will bask and get an ultraviolet tan. The land area should be at least 25% of the terrarium area. It should be securely fixed, and it is better to glue it to the base of an artificial reservoir, especially if there are several turtles.

The volume of water in the aquarium is one of the most important points to be taken with special attention. Red-eared turtles move and swim mainly under water, where they feel safe, sometimes spending a long time at the bottom. In addition, the smaller the volume of water, the faster it becomes polluted, as a result of which the terrarium loses its decorative effect, and the turtle can simply get sick. For juveniles up to 10 cm in size, 100 liters of water is sufficient. And taking into account land and air space, the volume of the terrarium should be approximately 150 liters. As the animal grows, the red-eared turtle tank will have to be replaced with a larger one. The more water there is in the pond, the longer it will remain clean and transparent, and the more comfortable the turtle will feel.

The arrangement of the land plot also needs to be approached with due attention. When creating an islet for the red-eared turtle, it is desirable to provide a convenient approach to it. The shore should not drop abruptly, it is better if it is equipped with a ladder or miniature ladder with a rough, but not scratching surface. It can also be a large rock or grotto, the slopes of which gradually flatten towards the very bottom of the aquarium. Above the land is an ultraviolet lamp, under which the turtle will dry the shell, bask and sunbathe. If the optimal water temperature for a red-eared turtle is about 25-280C, then over land it should be a couple of degrees higher. The islet should be located about 30 cm below the edge of the terrarium, otherwise the animal can get out and run away.

When designing an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, you need to choose safe materials without sharp edges and corners that pose a potential danger to the health of the animal. The soil covering the bottom should not be too shallow, as turtles sometimes swallow it, and, moreover, it becomes dirty more quickly and is difficult to clean. It is better to use pebbles with a fraction of 5-6 cm. Live plants in such terrariums should not be used, since turtles eat them very quickly. They also try to chew artificial seaweed, but realizing that it is inedible, they quickly lose interest in them. Therefore, plastic or silk plants can be installed in the underwater part with weights at the base so that the turtles cannot pull them out of the ground. Artificial vines can also be placed on the surface. In addition, the terrarium can be decorated with various driftwood, grottoes, fancy stones and other elements that will make the reservoir more picturesque and natural.

The aquarium for the red-eared turtle must be kept clean, since the health of the animal depends on the state of the water. Various filters are used for water purification, which allow maintaining its quality in normal condition. In terrariums, it is better to use external filters, as internal filters quickly become clogged with suspended solids and lose effectiveness. In addition, to maintain the ecological balance in the aquarium, it will be necessary to regularly (once a week) change half the volume of water.

READ  How to make an island for a red-eared turtle

Red Eared Slider Turtle Tank Setup How To Set Up A Turtle Tank 55 Gallon Aquarium

Caring for a red-eared turtle, like any other pet, requires some effort. But a terrarium with clean water, a picturesque bottom and healthy animals is a mesmerizing sight that is worth the time and effort.

Water temperature for red-eared turtles. Red-eared turtle at home

Many people dream of owning a red-eared turtle, which comes from the American freshwater species. However, before doing this, you must carefully familiarize yourself with the basic requirements that must be met in order for the pet to feel good at home. The most important thing is the optimal water temperature for red-eared turtles, proper care, etc. Now we will tell you in detail how to create the necessary living conditions for a new pet.

How to equip an island?

The red-eared turtle leads a sedentary lifestyle, spending a lot of time not only in the water, but also on the shore, therefore, in the aquarium, it is necessary to equip at least one, and preferably several land areas per turtle (one in a shaded place, and the other in a brightly lit warm place ). On land, the turtle receives oxygen and enjoys UV rays.

  • The land area must occupy at least a quarter of the area of ​​the entire bottom.
  • Land areas should have a sloping bank that rises smoothly from the bottom. Steep drops are not allowed. You can build a ladder or mini-ladder, put a large stone or a grotto with gentle walls.
  • The surface of the islands should be made of high quality materials and be rough. If there is soil on the island, then it should not crumble into the water.
  • If there are several turtles, then the land should have such a total area that all individuals simultaneously have access to it and can fit.
  • If there are several islands, then some of them may not be completely dry, but covered with water by a few millimeters.

The islet should be located about 30 cm below the edge of the terrarium so that the animal does not get out and run away.

Designing an aquarium for a red-eared turtle

The red-eared turtle spends most of its life (25-30 years) in the aquatic environment. She is a heat-loving, capricious representative of tropical reservoirs, so you will have to arrange a high-quality aquarium with your own hands, which will serve her for many years. turtles involves the installation of an aquarium (aquaterrarium) with a volume of 150 liters per adult. In the tank, the water should be 40 cm deep, but proportional to the size of the pet. small turtles do not swim well, water can be less. It is important that it floats freely in the water, and the liquid completely covers the shell. The aquarium should have a cover with openings for air access, so that after swimming, the reptile goes on land to take a breath of air and warm up.

In the aquatic environment, you need to monitor the water parameters: the water temperature is 22-28 degrees. at low temperatures the turtle will become inactive, lethargic, refuse to feed and may get sick. River representatives of this species fall asleep in water for the winter, however, it is not necessary to force the pet into hibernation. The acidity and hardness of the water are recommended to be medium, the animal can live in infused tap water. To settle several turtles, a spacious aquarium is required, at least 200 liters, with a water surface and a bank embankment.

Watch a video on how to keep red-eared turtles.

Keeping a red-eared turtle tank clean can be done either with your own hands or with an internal filter, which is often used in fish tanks. It is recommended to renew the water 1-2 times a week depending on the degree of water pollution. Turtles eat underwater, so cloudiness, foam and sludge are possible. Harmful organic compounds are harmful to their health. With the accumulation of nitrates and ammonia in the water, it begins to emit an unpleasant odor. New water should be the same parameters as the previous one, but in no case fresh from the tap (only infused). An ultraviolet lamp can be supplied to illuminate the reservoir.

The red-eared turtle prefers not only to swim, but also to bathe in the sun. Be sure to build a coast, land. do it yourself with a small ledge-slide of pebbles (but not small), attaching the stones to each other using an aquarium sealant. Do not install wooden boards. they quickly get wet, moldy, and parasites start in them. Install a lamp over land. thanks to the heat on the body of the turtle, parasites “die out”, it heats up. The water is heated using a special heating device (some breeders use a tube with a built-in thermostat).

Red-eared turtle: how to care and what to look after?

We have already considered most of the information that, in one way or another, concerns the care of this animal. But I would like to touch on a few more important points. First, assess your capabilities soberly. If you are not able to devote at least 10-20 minutes a day to your pet, then it is possible that you do not need to start it. But if you do decide, install a thermometer on the aquarium that will show how hot the water is. Of course, there is a regulator on the heater for this, but you don’t need to rely entirely on electronics. importantly, try to periodically compare photos of red-eared turtles that are considered healthy with your pet. This will tell you a lot. Sometimes the carapace begins to grow corneous and overgrown. Many people grab a stiff brush and start rubbing the turtle to a shine, which is absolutely impossible to do. This will damage the surface, which could result in the animal losing its natural defenses.

Proper nutrition

Aquarium decoration

The main principle for choosing decorations is safety. Do not use items made of environmentally hazardous materials, with sharp corners or edges.

The bottom soil should not be very shallow, as turtles can sometimes swallow it. Also, shallow soil is quickly contaminated and poorly cleaned. It is better to use pebbles with a fraction of 5-6 cm.

For young turtles, you can plant green plants and start fish. Adults do not need soil, and they can eat or damage plants and fish.

In an aquarium with red-eared turtles, artificial plants made of plastic or silk will be appropriate. They are fixed in the ground with weights. Artificial vines can also be installed on the islands.

To decorate the terrarium, you can use a variety of driftwood, grottoes, unusual stones and other elements. The driftwood should not be fresh, as it will release harmful substances into the water. It is better to take pieces of wood that have been lying in the water of any body of water for a long time. The bark must be removed from them.

RED-EATHER TURTLE BREEDING DESCRIPTION FEEDING PHOTO VIDEO CARE.

FUNDAYUNA.COM 2021