Signs of an increase or decrease in your dog’s body temperature
There are a number of signs that should give the pet owner the idea of taking thermometry and finding out the body temperature. A decrease in body degrees (hypothermia) in a dog is just as dangerous as growth (fever).
Causes of fluctuations in body temperature in a dog
A change in temperature readings in a pet is an indicator of ill health. It is not low or high rates that are always treated, but their primary sources. THOSE. It is important to determine the reasons for the rise in temperature.
At home, when the temperature drops below normal, the dog needs to be literally warmed up. Lay in a warm place, apply a heating pad with water up to 38 ° C to the paws, cover with a woolen blanket, give warm drink (milk, broth). After the temperature has returned to normal, the need to visit the veterinarian remains.
With a fever
The dog does not sweat all over the body, so it is very important to reduce the temperature as quickly as possible if it has reached a critical level. Self-medication lowering the temperature will lubricate the clinical picture of the disease, which will make it difficult to make an accurate diagnosis. Antipyretic drugs for humans work slightly differently on dogs and can cause fatal poisoning and internal bleeding.
If it is impossible to deliver the animal to the veterinary hospital, the temperature can be slightly reduced on your own without medication:
- Carry out contact cooling. To do this, apply ice wrapped in a kitchen towel or any medium-weight cloth or cloth to the neck area, inner thigh and paw pads.
- In the absence of ice, wet the animal’s coat with cool water, including the paw pads.
- Be sure to drink cool water (not cold!).
- Place your pet in any cool place in the house (for example, a bathroom with a tiled floor). Usually dogs themselves look for such a place at times when they are in a fever, which initially may serve as a signal that the pet should check the body temperature.
All of the above procedures usually manage to lower the body temperature below the critical limit in order to be able to get to the veterinarian.
How to take a dog’s temperature?
The following devices may be needed to measure temperature:
- Classic mercury thermometer or veterinary;
- Digital Thermometer;
- Rectal (mercury or electronic) thermometer;
- Ear infrared thermometer.
Ideal if the animal has its own personal measuring device that is not used by humans.
Usually the thermometry procedure does not cause discomfort in the dog, however, an assistant will not hurt, especially if the dog is a large breed.
- In small dogs, the temperature is measured while lying down. on the side or stomach. If there is an assistant, then he slightly presses the animal to any horizontal surface, and someone else measures it. If there is no assistant, then the dog is placed on his knees across, with one hand along the entire length the tail is held and pushed aside, the thermometer is inserted with the other hand.
- In large dogs, thermometry is best done together, while at least one person the pet should know very well (for example, the owner). One person holds the dog by the neck and in the girth of the body, the second inserts a thermometer. Large breeds must be muzzled or with a fixed mouth with a rope loop using an ordinary bandage (single knot on top, twist on the bottom and fixation on the back of the head below the ears).
- The end of the measuring device is lubricated with a fat cream, glycerin or petroleum jelly before the measurement.
- The tail is gently retracted to the side and with a gentle rotating motion from side to side the thermometer is inserted into the rectum to a depth of 1-2 cm, depending on the size of the pet.
- An electronic thermometer is kept until a sound signal, a classic mercury thermometer. 3-5 minutes in time; infrared ear results are almost instantaneous.
- After removing the thermometer from the rectum, its tip must be wiped with a swab moistened with any disinfectant solution.
During the procedure, you need to talk to the dog in a soft, relaxed voice. You can teach your pet to the command, such as “we are treated” or “thermometer”, because. The procedure must be carried out on a regular basis. At the end, you can give any delicacy, praising for good behavior at the time of thermometry.
Unlike cats, dogs have places on the body by which the owner can determine the presence of fever without resorting to instrumental thermometry. These areas include the ears, armpits, groin, and gums.
- Ears. Numerous vessels pass along the auricles, which expand at high temperatures, giving higher degrees than usual. Both ears must be equally hot. An increase in local temperature of only one ear is not a sign of fever. this is more evidence of a local inflammatory process.
- Armpits and groin cavities. Dogs do not have sweat glands in these areas, so an increase in overall body temperature is perfectly felt there by an obvious heat. A person’s hands during tactile measurement should not be cold, so that there is no false-hot sensations.
- Gums. Normally, the dog’s gums are moist and pink. If the animal begins to beat a fever, they become intensely red and, literally, almost dry.
- Dry and hot nose (unless at night and after sleep);
- Lethargy and apathy;
- Refusal of food, and, sometimes, and water;
- Pale and dry gums, tongue;
- Sometimes vomiting;
- Hard breath;
Temperature of dogs, depending on the age and size of the breed:
A decrease in body temperature below 36.5 ° C indicates that the dog’s strength to resist the disease has been exhausted, the immunity is in a state of suppression (oppression). The animal needs resuscitation measures.
Depending on other symptoms accompanying hypothermia, the doctor prescribes warming therapy in the form of:
- “Warming” injections and droppers;
- Cardiovascular stimulation;
- Rubbing and massages.
Resuscitation will be carried out until, within 14-16 hours, the body temperature is kept within the physiological norm without medication.
Normal body temperature in dogs
- Normal temperature readings in dogs are not the same as in humans, and fluctuate between 37.7-39 ° С.
- In some situations, the limits can be expanded from 37.5 to 39.3 ° C.
- On average, an increase in temperature above 39 ° C in adults is no longer the norm.
- over, a gradual rise in temperature is much more dangerous than sharp jumps, because K. Vigilance of immunity literally “lulls” and the fight against the cause of the fever does not come immediately.
How to measure a dog’s temperature?
You can use a conventional medical thermometer for this. Mercury, of course, is cheaper, but you will have to wait 5 minutes with it, keeping the pet in a calm position. With an electronic thermometer, the measurement will take less than a minute. It is better to select a separate thermometer for the dog.
The procedure is not complicated, but it requires careful handling of the dog. Her temperature is measured through the rectum.
- First, the thermometer must be zeroed and greased with Vaseline on the tip.
- The dog is laid on its side and, carefully lifting the tail at the base, slowly insert the thermometer into the anus by 1.5. 2 cm.
- You need to measure the temperature in a calm environment in order to exclude fear or excitement, because of which the dog can jump up, injure itself or break the thermometer. The dog can be rewarded with goodies.
- You need to praise both during the procedure and after.
What is the normal body temperature of a dog??
A dog’s body temperature is an important indicator of an animal’s well-being. Normally, dogs tend to have a slightly higher temperature than humans. On average, it is 37.5. 38.5 degrees.
A healthy puppy usually has a slightly higher temperature. up to 39 degrees. However, there are more subtle nuances, which, in particular, are determined by age, size, body weight, and even breed. As a result, normal temperature readings may vary slightly.
So, the most “hot” are puppies of dogs of small breeds (up to 39.3 degrees). The older and larger the dog, the lower its temperature. And in adult dogs of large breeds, the norm is in the range of 37.4-38.3 degrees.
In a dog, a short-term rise in temperature may occur after physical exertion, from fear or excitement, in bitches during estrus and, of course, in hot weather.
Signs of a fever in a dog
An increase or decrease in body temperature in a dog is a sign of illness.
The reason for measuring the temperature should be such signs of ill health as refusing to eat for more than a day, general lethargy, dry hot nose, pale tongue and gums. over, with symptoms such as vomiting in a dog, diarrhea, convulsions.
Temperature can deviate from the norm for a variety of diseases. For example, it increases with heatstroke, endometritis (in bitches), distemper, piroplasmosis in dogs and other diseases. The temperature can drop with helminthic invasion, parvovirus enteritis in young dogs and puppies and other diseases.
Also, the reasons for the increase in body temperature in dogs can be:
- Teething of molars in a puppy aged 3 to 9 months;
- Stress, also called Shar Pei fever;
- A wound, or rather an abscess after neglected skin lesions;
- Inflammation of the joints;
When to monitor your dog’s body temperature
A healthy dog should have body temperature taken during pregnancy and before and after childbirth. The fact is that in a pregnant bitch, a sharp drop in temperature, as a rule, indicates that labor will begin in a few hours.
It is also necessary to measure the temperature before and after vaccinations. According to a specific schedule, the temperature is measured for breeding puppies, starting from birth.
If the dog is sick, then it is worth keeping a temperature map, recording the results of morning and evening measurements in it.
What to do if your dog’s temperature is abnormal?
Since the temperature is only a symptom of some disease, and therefore a clear diagnosis is necessary. Here you can not do without contacting a veterinarian. Otherwise, the situation can only get worse and valuable time will be lost.
If the cause of the fever is definitely teething, vaccination, stress, abscess, then you can lower it with the help of a triad. This is a mixture of no-shpa, analgin and diphenhydramine (or suprastin) in a ratio of 1: 2: 1 (or 0.5). All this is collected in one syringe and injected into the muscle.
If the reason for the rise or severe drop in temperature is not clear, urgent veterinary assistance is needed.
Temperature in a dog after childbirth
After the puppies are born, there should be no prolonged bleeding, and the discharge, according to the norm, without an unpleasant odor. It is important to know what the dog’s body temperature is at this time, so the value rises and is approximately 39.5 ° C. Make sure that the indicators do not rise to 40 ° C and above. If a fever is still observed, urgently consult a doctor, as it can be life-threatening for the new mother.
What is the temperature of a dog before giving birth?
One of the harbingers that puppies will be born in the near future is considered to be a decrease in temperature by about 1 ° C, but in some cases a drop of 1.5 ° C is possible. It is worth noting that experts have recorded cases when such changes are observed two days before the birth of babies. The temperature of the dog before giving birth should be measured twice: in the morning and in the evening, in order to be able to control the situation.
A situation is considered dangerous when, instead of a decrease, an increase in indicators is observed even by 0.5-1 ° C. This could indicate fetal problems or inflammation, so it’s best to contact your veterinarian right away. Finding out what temperature in a dog is considered normal, it is worth noting that during the birth itself, the temperature rises to normal values. This happens during the withdrawal of amniotic fluid.
Normal temperature in large breed dogs
The coldest of all animal sizes are representatives of large breeds, which do not have such an active metabolism and, in comparison with babies, do not have such a frequent heartbeat. The temperature of a healthy dog is considered normal, which is 37.4-38.3 ° C (for puppies 38.2-39 ° C). All the nuances regarding possible changes in indicators indicated earlier are also relevant for large breeds.
Normal temperature in medium-sized dogs
With an increase in body weight, temperature indicators will also slightly decrease. Another important nuance that owners of four-legged ones should know is that even within the same age and breed, slight variations in average parameters may appear, which is associated with the individual characteristics of a particular animal. For those who are interested in what body temperature is considered normal in a dog of medium breeds, the following indicators should be considered: 37.5-39 ° C (for puppies 38.3-39.1 ° C).
What is the temperature of a pregnant dog?
When an animal is in a position, various changes occur in its body, for example, it concerns hormonal levels. The new state of the pet is also reflected in the temperature. In most cases, the indicators either remain unchanged, or fall, but not more than a degree. Given this, it is important to know what is the normal body temperature in dogs, therefore veterinarians recommend that all pet owners make changes from time to time in order to know the values in a healthy pet.
Fever in a dog
There are a number of reasons that can provoke a fever in an animal:
- If the pet has experienced severe stress, then for a short period of time his temperature may rise, for example, after moving. Knowing what temperature in dogs is considered normal, the indicators in such a situation will differ by no more than 2 ° С.
- When an infection settles in the body, the body begins to fight it, which leads to the appearance of fever.
- In hot weather, the cause of the malaise often lies in the overheating of the body. In this case, it is helpful to know what to do if the dog has a fever, as the condition may be critical. It is necessary to move the pet to a cool place, be sure to provide it with water and gradually cool the body.
- Various inflammations, tumors and even external damage can cause fever, so it is important for the diagnosis to pay attention to other symptoms and consult a doctor for an examination.
What temperature should a healthy dog have??
Studies have shown that body temperature in animals depends on breed, size, age, physical activity and other nuances. For example, if you take measurements in the morning and evening, then the thermometer readings may differ. It doesn’t pay attention to small deviations, but if the dog’s body temperature has increased or decreased by a couple of degrees, then this may already indicate health problems. It is important to pay attention to the appearance of other symptoms.
For those who are interested in what temperature a dog is considered normal, it is worth indicating the following range: 37.5-39.3 ° C. If a person sweats for thermoregulation, then the animal is deprived of this opportunity, so he has to breathe often with his mouth open. The normal temperature can rise even due to the stress experienced by the pet or other vivid emotions. All this is important to consider so as not to panic in vain.
Low temperature in a dog
Hypothermia can be a problem for the health of the animal, in which the value on the thermometer will be below 37.5 ° C. A low temperature in a dog is due to banal hypothermia, as a result of an operation, after prolonged anesthesia, due to thyroid diseases, heart problems, and so on. There are three forms of hypothermia:
- Light. up to 32 ° C. Symptoms include drowsiness, shaking, and weakness. Warm up the animal using a blanket and heating pad and give it warm water. It is recommended to control the temperature every 15 minutes.
- Moderate. up to 28 ° C. There is a decrease in heart rate, muscle weakness and arterial hypotension. Warm your body using warming pillows or a heater.
- Deep. below 28 ° C. The work of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems is disrupted. The dog may fall into a coma.
How to take a dog’s temperature?
To take measurements, you must use a medical thermometer: mercury or electronic. The second option is considered safer, more convenient and it will take no more than a minute to wait for measurements. It is better to find out from an early age what temperature is considered normal in dogs, and the pet itself should be taught to carry out the procedure in order to avoid aggressive behavior in the future. A separate thermometer must be allocated for the animal. There are instructions on how to measure the temperature of a dog at home:
- Take a clean thermometer and disinfect it. Lubricate the tip with baby cream or petroleum jelly. If the dog is obedient, then it can stand, and if not, then lay it on its side. It is important that she be calm, otherwise nothing will work.
- Lift the tail and with rotational movements insert the thermometer into the anus by about 1.5-2 cm, it is not necessary deeper. If the measurement is taken in a standing position, then so that she does not sit down, hold her firmly by the root of the tail.
- During the procedure, praise and talk to your pet to calm him down. After the beep, it is recommended to wait another half a minute, and then, you can already remove the thermometer. Remember to praise and give a treat.
In adult dogs
|Large breeds||37.4. 38.3|
|Medium breeds||37.5. 39.0|
|Small breeds||38.5. 39.0|
Normal body temperature in dogs and puppies
How to tell if your dog is unwell and needs help from a qualified professional.
What indicators are considered the norm for dogs of different breeds, how to correctly measure the animal and what to do if the obtained values do not fit into the normal range.
And also cases when the animal needs to be shown to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Possible reasons for the change
The temperature can rise when:
- Physical activity;
- Emotional shocks;
- On hot days;
- Vaccination reactions;
- Diseases: distemper, endometritis, inflammation, joint inflammation, piroplasmosis, adenovirus infection.
The temperature can drop when:
- Close childbirth (within 1 day);
- Diseases: parvovirus enteritis in puppies, helminthic invasion.
What temperature is considered normal
Each dog has an individual body temperature and can be within
37.4. 39.3 degrees Celsius.
There are some generalized data depending on breed size and age:
How and what to measure
The body temperature of a dog is measured with an ordinary thermometer, it can be mercury or electronic. The latter is more convenient to use, since the measurement takes less time (up to 30 seconds).
To measure, you need to perform a number of simple steps:
- Disinfect the thermometer and lubricate the tip with a fat cream (petroleum jelly or regular baby).
- Put the dog on its side (you can stand if it is calm).
- Lift the tail up, holding it by the base.
- Insert the thermometer into the rectum to a depth of 2 cm.
- Wait for the time required for the measurement (5 minutes or until you hear a beep).
- Remove the instrument carefully.
If everything is done correctly, the pet will not experience any discomfort.
Here are some tips to make this procedure easier:
- It is better to accustom the animal to measurements in childhood, then in adulthood this manipulation will not give you any trouble.
- Perform manipulation on command (“Treat” or any other at the discretion of the owner).
- During the procedure, behave naturally and take the measurement with a firm hand.
- After the procedure, reward your pet with a treat.
When to pay attention
It makes sense to measure the temperature if your pet has the following symptoms:
- Refusal to eat;
- Refusal of water;
- Pallor of the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue;
- Dryness and fever of the nose;
|Large breeds||38.2. 39.0|
|Medium breeds||38.3. 39.1|
|Small breeds||38.6. 39.3|
What to do if the temperature is not normal?
The temperature can rise and fall in a dog not only from physical and psychological factors, but also be a symptom of a serious illness.
The change can be provoked by diseases such as distemper, diarrhea, piroplasmosis. It can also be a symptom of rat poisoning.
If you have excluded the effect of external factors, then you should immediately show the pet to the veterinarian. He will make an examination and make the correct diagnosis, and then prescribe an effective treatment.
If the change is clearly caused by a physiological factor or teething, then it is recommended to give a crushed analgin tablet when it rises. If this method is ineffective, intramuscular administration of a mixture of three components is allowed: no-shpy (0.2 ml), analgin (0.4 ml) and diphenhydramine (0.2 ml).
If there is a drop in temperature that is not associated with the impending replenishment of the offspring, then the pet must be warmed (using a heating pad or a warm blanket) and urgently taken to the point of assistance to animals or call a doctor at home.
If there are signs of an increase or decrease in temperature in dogs, it is recommended to urgently seek help from a veterinarian, and only in the absence of this possibility, measures can be taken to normalize it.
Body temperature in adult dogs and puppies. How to take a dog’s temperature.
A dog’s body temperature is an important indicator of how he is feeling. When the first signs of discomfort appear, measuring the temperature of a puppy or adult dog is the first thing the owner needs to do before calling the veterinarian.
Normally, the temperature in dogs is usually slightly higher than in humans. The average body temperature of an adult dog is 37.5⁰. 38.5⁰ C. In a healthy puppy, the temperature is usually half a degree higher (
39⁰C). However, there are individual nuances, determined, in particular, by age, breed, body weight and height, due to which the indicators of normal temperature differ slightly for each specific animal (for example, the body temperature of large dogs is usually lower than that of small dogs). In addition, a short-term increase in temperature in a dog can be noted after physical exertion, from excitement or fear, during estrus (in bitches), as well as in hot weather.
Table of average values of normal temperature for puppies and adult dogs of small, medium and large breeds (⁰C):
|Small breed dog puppies||38.6⁰-39.3⁰|
|Medium breed dog puppies||38.3⁰. 39.1⁰|
|Large breed dog puppies||38.2⁰. 39.0⁰|
|Small breed adult dogs||38.5⁰. 39.0⁰|
|Adult dogs of medium breeds||37.5⁰-39.0⁰|
|Large breed adult dogs||37.4⁰. 38.3⁰|
When to measure your dog’s temperature
It makes sense to measure the body temperature of a healthy dog before and after vaccinations, during pregnancy, as well as before and after childbirth (a sharp drop in temperature in a pregnant dog usually indicates that no more than a day is left before giving birth). For breeding puppies, the temperature is measured according to a specific schedule, starting from birth. As the dog grows up, it is not necessary to constantly measure the temperature, but it is good if the owner knows what indicators of normal temperature are characteristic of his pet.
If the dog is seriously ill, it makes sense to keep a temperature map, daily recording the results of morning and evening measurements in it (it is better to take them at the same time).
How to measure the temperature of a dog?
In order to determine the temperature of a dog, you can use an ordinary medical thermometer, mercury or electronic. A mercury thermometer is cheaper, but with an electronic thermometer, the process of measuring temperature will take much less time. For hygiene reasons, it is necessary to provide a separate thermometer for the dog, which will not be used by other family members. If there are several animals in the family, it is better to purchase a thermometer for each of them.
How to take a dog’s temperature?
Temperature measurement is a simple procedure, but it requires the owner to treat the dog carefully and carefully during the process. The temperature of dogs is measured through the rectum. The first time your pet may not like these manipulations, but gradually he will get used to them. First of all, you need to prepare a thermometer. Zero the scale readings, then coat the tip of the thermometer with Vaseline. The dog needs to be laid on its side, then gently raise the tail at the base and slowly insert the thermometer 1.5. 2 cm into the anus. At home, you can also measure the temperature of the dog by fixing it in a standing position, just as veterinarians do in the clinic, but for an inexperienced owner, this method will be somewhat more difficult.
If you use an electronic thermometer, measuring the temperature of the dog will take no more than a minute; with a regular thermometer, you will have to wait a little longer, from 3 to 5 minutes. It is advisable to measure the temperature in a calm environment in order to exclude excitement or fear, because of which the dog can jump up, break the thermometer and injure itself. Talk to your dog lovingly and reward him with treats while taking the temperature. You can teach your pet to any command, for example, “Thermometer” or “To be treated”, so that in the future the dog knows what awaits it, and calmly allows you to measure the temperature. Be sure to praise the dog and give him a treat not only during, but also immediately after the completion of the procedure. Most animals tolerate temperature measurement quite calmly if the owner does everything right from the very beginning. After you finish, the thermometer must be washed with soap and warm water and disinfected with alcohol, then wash and disinfect your hands.
What to do if your dog has a high or low temperature?
First of all, you need to understand what indicators are considered “low” or “high” temperature for a dog. Objectively low body temperature in a dog is characterized by thermometer readings from 37⁰C and below, body temperature in an adult dog is considered to be elevated from 39⁰ and in a puppy. from 39.5⁰ and above. A dog’s temperature of 40⁰ is usually indicative of a serious illness. Especially dangerous is a gradual increase in temperature by 1. 2 degrees without sharp jumps and drops. Here are just a few of the many possible reasons why a dog’s body temperature drops or rises:
-high fever: dog plague, piroplasmosis, endometritis (in bitches), heatstroke, etc.
Unfortunately, not everyone understands that a low or high temperature in a dog itself is only evidence of the body’s struggle with the disease, that is, a symptom, and not the cause of the disease. However, often in such cases, the owner thinks something like this: “So, the temperature of the dog. What to do?” and begins to search on veterinary and “dog” forums for answers to the questions “what to give a dog from the temperature”, “how to bring down the temperature of a puppy”, “how to lower the temperature of a dog” or, not easier. “treatment of temperature in dogs.” And there can be only one “treatment” here. an urgent visit to the clinic or a call to the veterinarian at home!
If you find that your dog’s temperature readings are noticeably different from the norm, the best thing to do is not to waste time on amateur activities, but seek professional help as soon as possible.
Causes of changes in body temperature in dogs
Do not rely on the folk method. determining the condition of the dog by its nose. According to this method, it turns out that if the pet’s nose is hot and dry, it means that he is sick. This information has nothing to do with the truth, since this is the nose of any healthy animal during sleep, because a sleeping pet does not lick its licks while sleeping. Dry nose is not a reason to panic and seek help from a veterinarian.
If the pet is cheerful, has a normal reaction to the environment, has a good appetite, plays briskly, its coat has a shine and snug fit to the body, it means that it has no health problems. A sick pet has the opposite condition described above:
- The dog refuses food for more than a day;
- Looks lethargic, tired;
- Shows seemingly unreasonable anxiety (a sign that the animal is feeling pain);
- Profuse drooling (a symptom of nausea) appears, followed by vomiting;
- Stool disorder;
- Convulsive muscle contractions;
- Rapid heartbeat and breathing.
If these symptoms are present, then measuring the temperature is a mandatory procedure and it must be carried out even before the veterinarian examines the pet.
The reason for the change in indicators can be an inflammatory process, a variety of infections. Increased body temperature in dogs is observed with distemper, endometritis, heatstroke, piroplasmosis.
The temperature decreases if the pet has parvovirus enteritis, infection with worms and other ailments.
Body temperature in dogs
As in humans, body temperature in dogs is considered the main indicator of well-being. Significant deviations signal that something is wrong in the pet’s body. The temperature norm is most often an indicator of the excellent health of the animal. Every pet owner should know the temperature standards for dogs, as well as the rules for measuring it.
How temperature is measured in dogs
An ordinary thermometer is used for measurement, you can take both mercury and modern electronic. The latter option is more welcome, since the measurement will take place in a shorter time frame. one to one and a half minutes, and with a mercury thermometer, you will have to wait for the result from three to five minutes.
A beloved pet deserves to have its own thermometer, and other family members, for hygiene reasons, should not use it for their own needs.
Before measuring the temperature of a dog, it is necessary to grease the tip of the thermometer with a fat baby cream or petroleum jelly for a more comfortable introduction.
Traditionally, the measurement is carried out rectally (through the anus), so you need to be prepared for the fact that the pet will most likely not like this procedure. During the measurement, you need to calm your four-legged friend, talk affectionately, stroke, and if the condition is not critical, then give something tasty.
You can enter the thermometer when the dog is in a standing position, or lies on its side. The second option is suitable for those dog owners who have no experience in this matter. While the dog is lying, he needs to raise his tail and enter a thermometer a couple of centimeters.
While standing, it is recommended to measure the temperature for those who have already done this more than once. Veterinarians use the same method.
Often, dogs are afraid of the upcoming manipulations, they begin to hide, especially if this is done to her for the first time. Therefore, it is worth providing peace and quiet during the measurement. When the thermometer is just introduced, it is imperative to hold the dog so that it does not twitch, break the thermometer and injure itself.
After the pet has withstood everything, it is necessary to encourage him with a treat and praise for his patience.
Immediately after the procedure, the thermometer must be washed with soap and disinfected with a special agent or ordinary alcohol. The same must be done with your own hands.
If there is a desire, the puppy can be taught a command, with the help of which the dog will calmly go to the measurements. these can be the words “Treat!”, “Thermometer!”, “Go measure!” Hearing this, the dog will calmly wait for the procedure to end without interfering with the process.
On this topic:
When is it worth measuring the temperature of a pet
If the dog does not have health problems, then there is no particular need for daily measurements. It is only important to know what it is normal for this particular pet.
Pedigree puppies with good health indicators are recommended to regularly measure their body temperature, starting from birth. There are special charts for this.
In a pregnant bitch, the temperature is measured both before giving birth (this indicator indicates how soon the dog will give birth) and after the puppies are born. In dogs, before childbirth, the temperature indicators drop significantly. Temperature should also be measured before vaccination.
If the pet is sick, then measurements are taken twice a day. in the morning and in the evening. It is advisable to record the data in a notebook.
Normal temperature in a dog
Many owners are sure that their pet has a normal body temperature of 36.6 ° C, but this is fundamentally wrong. For a dog, these indicators fluctuate within 37.5-39 ° C. In addition, the numbers may vary, depending on some factors:
- Belonging to a particular breed;
- Physiological features;
- Individual properties of the organism.
For example, in puppies of dwarf breeds, the temperature is normally kept around 39 ° C, and in adult pets of large sizes this indicator is much lower.
Dogs’ body temperature may rise during heatwaves, after intense training, active play, when the animal feels anxiety, panic or fear. Upgraded bitches are also possible.
There are a number of specific standards that you should rely on when measuring the temperature of a pet:
- Puppies of small and dwarf breeds. from 38.6 to 39.3 ° C;
- Adult small-breed individuals. from 38.5 to 39 ° C;
- Adult representatives of medium-sized breeds. from 37.5 to 39 ° C;
- Large breed puppies. from 38, 2 to 39 ° C;
- Adult large dogs. from 37.4 to 38.3 ° C.
Thus, it becomes obvious that temperature in dogs is not a general, but rather an individual indicator.
Actions when temperature changes
As in humans, in dogs, an increase in temperature signals not only the presence of a disease, but also that the body is independently struggling with the causes of the disease and pathological symptoms.
If a decrease or increase in performance is detected, nothing needs to be done. Since the result will only be bringing the temperature back to normal, but will not in any way affect the development of the disease, and can even aggravate the condition.
First of all, the owner of the dog needs to seek qualified help from a veterinarian or call a veterinarian at home. In some cases, delay can cost the pet’s life, so there is no way to hesitate in such situations.
If you need to transport your pet with a high temperature (above 40 ° C), then during transportation, you can apply cool objects to the dog’s body. But in this situation, it is important to ensure that the animal does not get hypothermia.
At low levels (below 36.6 ° C), you can use a heating pad and warm blankets to keep your pet warm.
In no case should the owner panic and try to cure the dog on his own. Taking medications without the necessary diagnosis can not only worsen the condition of a sick animal, but also lead to its death. The reasons for the change in body temperature can be viral, bacterial pathogens, oncological formations, disorders of the endocrine system, toxic effects on the body, which means that there is no single cure for all ailments.
Only experienced veterinarians will be able to adequately assess the condition of the dog, diagnose and prescribe a suitable therapy. In this case, the owner must strictly follow the recommendations, do not cancel medications without consulting a doctor, even if the pet’s condition has stabilized and outwardly it looks absolutely healthy.
It may take some time to monitor body temperature, and the readings will have to be recorded, but with certain knowledge, the process will go smoothly, and the skill will certainly appear over time.