home Article What time of year are puppies born?

What time of year are puppies born?

Autumn conception, childbirth in summer

time, year, puppies, born

The advantages of the presence of vitamins during the autumn conception are almost equivalent to the summer period. The velvet season still provides an opportunity to relax and accumulate the effects of the soft ultraviolet radiation of the autumn sun and positive impressions from the few beaches and even weather without the sweltering heat. For the owners of summer cottages, the harvest season is ending, and such expectant mothers no longer think about how to have time to collect potatoes in good weather. Future grandmothers willingly share supplies of natural vegetables and fruits with children, which is also a big plus for the health of both men and women.

The summer period after childbirth promises fresh gifts of nature, supporting the strength of a young mother during lactation, and allows you to walk outside with your baby from birth. Childbirth in the warm season proceeds in the same way as in any other, but warm weather, favorable for movement and walks in the fresh air, helps to actively recover. Children are tempered and get their dose of vitamin D under the sun, which significantly reduces the likelihood of developing rickets and reduces the severity of infant colic.

Months of increased winter injuries due to rainfall on the roads are not so dangerous: in the second trimester of pregnancy, the woman moves almost unchanged, the center of gravity of the body has not yet been shifted, and the fall does not significantly affect the baby.

The disadvantages include the autumn-winter season of epidemics of viral diseases, the hot time that falls on pregnancy in recent months, when high temperatures are harder to endure, and long daylight hours, which reduces the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep cycles and is important for pregnant women. What to do?

It is advisable to start hardening and get more vitamins from food before conception, but you can also start in the first weeks after finding two strips on the dough. It is better to plan walks in the hot season in the morning and evening, and spend the day in a well-ventilated room. And to regulate the production of melatonin, it is worth acquiring blackout curtains that will provide the darkness necessary for its production.

Winter conception, autumn childbirth

Summer and autumn harvests of fruits grown in the middle lane without round-the-clock greenhouse conditions help to improve the health of both mothers and children in the last months of gestation and immediately after birth. When properly nourished, breast milk supplies all the vitamins and nutrients a baby needs, and babies grow up healthy in every way. The second trimester in summer allows you to be active, walk a lot, swim. In the last weeks of gestation, summer heat gives way to autumn coolness, which makes pregnancy easier to bear and reduces the likelihood of edema.

The disadvantages include epidemics of acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, acute respiratory infections in the first months after conception, when the fetus is most vulnerable to infections, and autumn weather, which is not always favorable for daily walks with the child.

What time of year are the healthiest babies born??

The influence of dietary diversity and the activity of the expectant mother on the intrauterine development of the child during pregnancy has long been confirmed. If earlier childbirth on Russian territory was more often in late spring and early summer, since it was customary to play weddings after harvest, in October, and almost immediately after delivery, the mother went to process crops, today the conception season can be chosen regardless of crops. suffering and reaping. The birth of children today is celebrated with sufficient uniformity throughout the year with slight increases due to conception during the summer holidays and winter holidays. What are the advantages of the expectant mother and child, depending on conception in different seasons?

The beginning of pregnancy in the summer, birth in the spring months

The advantages of this gestational period are associated with the summer-autumn season. After saturation with summer vegetables and fruits, vitamin D under the bright sun, positive emotions from rest, both the general reserves of the body and immunity increase significantly, which helps to avoid the danger of acute respiratory diseases in the first trimester of pregnancy, when the body’s immune forces are weakening.

The disadvantages of pregnancy in the autumn-winter period include epidemics of influenza and viral infections in the cold season of 2-3 trimesters, unfavorable weather conditions that create an increased risk of injury on the roads and complicate the walks of a pregnant woman: ice, mud, slush. Low mood can be due to a lack of vitamin D, the production of which occurs under the influence of sunlight.

Pregnancy in the last trimester and spring childbirth occur against the background of a decrease in the intake of vitamins due to a lack of vegetables and fruits that ripen in natural conditions. Seasonal weakening of the body’s defenses leads to a deterioration in well-being. What to do?

To keep fit, you need to choose activities that will not be affected by worsening weather conditions: swimming in the pool, yoga, exercise for pregnant women. It is worth going out on ice walks with an escort, as well as taking care of strengthening the soles of shoes. Natural vitamins must be stocked up in the fall, and during the winter, do not neglect vegetables of natural fermentation, for example, sauerkraut, do not forget about beets, carrots, herbs, and introduce a daily intake of tableted vitamin complexes as a rule.

Winter children after spring conception

The period of awakening of nature after hibernation, the appearance of the spring sun, greenery, flowers have a beneficial effect on the emotional background at the beginning of pregnancy. The last months of gestation are accompanied by a diet rich in vitamins and short daylight hours, which helps the production of melatonin, a hormone important for all people and especially for pregnant women. The likelihood of developing late toxicosis and edema is reduced due to low ambient temperatures.

Disadvantages of this period of gestation: general spring vitamin deficiency and decreased immunity, characteristic of the post-winter period; increased likelihood of injuries and falls on the streets in the last months of pregnancy; epidemics of viral infections after childbirth. without prevention, both adults and children can begin to get sick almost immediately; cold and not always calm weather for walking with babies; the lack of sunlight for the child should be compensated for by taking medications with vitamin D.

Each option has its own pros and cons that affect the mother and child. And any minus can be turned into a positive moment: for example, for hardening children, air baths in the house are easier to organize in the cold season after airing the room than in hot seasons, when there is a high probability of sweating and overheating of babies. Reasonable consideration of all factors and a responsible attitude to the prevention of diseases and injuries will help to endure, give birth and raise a healthy baby in any adverse conditions.

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What time of year are puppies born?

Everything about family relations in wolves is pretty strict. Usually, the female and male that form a pair do not part until one of them dies. They live in large families from 3 to 40 individuals. Their hierarchy is very clear. The family is headed by an alpha male and an alpha female, then the oldest members of the family, then lone wolves, and the last are puppies from the last litter. But the wolf family consists not only of its own, they can exist with alien wolves. When puppies reach puberty in their third or fourth year of life, they look for a mate outside the pack and then form their families. Puppies from the same litter never mate.

The most stressful period in the pack is the mating season. Depending on the latitude of habitat, it falls in January. April. The dominant pair protects each other from attacks by other males and females. And young and old females are surrounded by lonely males, who fight for the female’s ownership to him. Sometimes such fights end in death. After the formation of a pair, the female and the male begin to look for a place to conceive and give birth to their offspring. This all happens during the pre-estrus period. This is the most romantic time for a couple, they are always side by side during all this time, flirting and courting each other. During the season, only one offspring can appear in the flock, and only from a pair of leaders. When an alpha female begins estrus, the pair immediately leaves the pack and spends all the time mating together. When the male hears the smell of pheromones in his partner’s urine, it means that the state of estrus has arrived. It happens only once a year and lasts from 5 to 14 days. But first, the female does not allow anyone to approach her, and when ovulation begins, she is ready to mate.

The gestation period in she-wolves lasts from 62 to 65 days. The number of puppies born is from 3 to 13. Cubs are born blind, and on 12-13 days they open their eyes. When the puppies grow up a little, the parents, along with the whole pack, feed them with a burp of meat that they have already eaten. Later, the killed prey is brought. At the end of the summer period, arrived wolves begin to hunt together with the adult members of the pack. During this period, the family is replenished with the offspring of the previous year. peyarks, which were driven away for the breeding season. In this composition, the flock lives until the onset of estrus. Then the arrived wolves are driven away, and the pereyarkas begin to participate in reproduction. When everything stops, a couple of old people remain in the flock, approximately five arrived and from 2 to 4 pereyarkov. In the autumn-winter period, the number of the flock is about 7. 12 individuals. In the first year of life, about 70% of puppies can die, provided that the she-wolves take good care of them. Males reach maturity at 3 years, and females at 2. Wolves live on average up to 15 years, but signs of old age can be seen at 10. 12 years of age. The appearance of offspring in wolves is calculated very clearly. Therefore, they have offspring in the warm spring, when parents can fully feed their children. This is the main difference between wolves and pets, which are in heat twice a year. At any other time, the female will not accept the male’s sexual advances.

The wolf was always exterminated because it caused significant damage to the household and hunting economy. But this animal plays an important role in the overall ecosystem. They eat all sick and weak animals, thus, controlling the number and balance of all animals living in their territory.
Wolves are hunted all year round, even without any permits. But all this is justified by the goal of reducing the number of these predators due to harm to the economy.
Attempts have even been made to cross a dog and a wolf, such as the wolfdog or the wolfdog of Sarlos.

Conception in winter. childbirth in the fall

  • There are many natural vitamins (fruits and vegetables) in the last months of pregnancy. They are especially necessary for the fetus for birth and adaptation.
  • Lactation also takes place under conditions of fortification of the body.
  • The first months of pregnancy fall at the peak of influenza and acute respiratory infections. This is very dangerous, since in the first two months the formation of the main organs of the child occurs. Protect against infections with vitamins and a healthy lifestyle.
  • By the end of pregnancy, the production of the pregnancy hormone melatonin decreases. A healthy and hardened body is not afraid.
  • The first months of a baby’s life are during the cold season. this is not very good for walking. If the child is healthy, they begin to temper him from the first days (air baths, etc.), and they walk with him in any weather (the stroller and the hood will protect from wind and rain).

pros

  • Lots of vitamins (fresh fruits and vegetables), good health.
  • Minimal risk of getting sick with acute respiratory infections and influenza.
  • The opportunity to relax at sea, gain strength.
  • A lot of positive emotions in connection with the rest, in the summer.
  • The last months of pregnancy take place during the flu season and an increased likelihood of injury (ice, slush). Tempering on the eve of pregnancy, a sports lifestyle and vitamins, as well as accompanying your husband during walks will help you.
  • Childbirth takes place during a seasonal weakening of the body and a deficiency of natural vitamins. lean on vitamins in autumn and winter, and take pills in spring.

Conception in the summer. the birth of a child in the spring

When are the healthiest babies born?

How to choose the optimal time for pregnancy and childbirth? Each season has its own pros and cons. Choose and decide for yourself.

From time immemorial in Russia, children were conceived in the fall, and were born in late spring and summer. Weddings were in October. This was due to religious traditions and the season of fieldwork. It was in September that the harvest time was coming to an end, and the peasant could rest. And as you know, everyone worked in the fields. both men and women. It is not difficult to understand how this affected the health of children, who were hardened and taught to work from an early age.

But if we consider the time of conception and birth from a scientific point of view, then in each season you can find its pros and cons. Choose what is more important to you and decide for yourself.

Conception in the fall. the birth of a child in the summer

  • Lots of vitamins during conception (fruits, vegetables).
  • You can relax in the velvet season in the south. get positive emotions.
  • Lactation time also falls on a period rich in vitamins.
  • Less chance of seasonal injury.
  • The first months of pregnancy are during the cold season, which poses a danger to the fetus. Prepare well for conception: temper and vitaminize.
  • The last months of pregnancy are summer months. If the weather is hot and stuffy, it is hard to endure, especially with late toxicosis. buy a fan and do not go outside during the day, but go for a walk in the evening or early in the morning, when the air is fresh and there is no stuffiness.
  • Long daylight hours are not conducive to the production of the pregnancy hormone melatonin, which is very important in the last months. The hormone is produced by the pineal gland mainly in the dark, therefore most of all in late autumn and winter. If you are healthy and happy, you can manage your pregnancy with the amount of melatonin you have.
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Conception in spring. childbirth in winter

  • Conception takes place in the most joyful period of the rebirth of nature. in the season of love. It brings a lot of positive emotions.
  • The last months of pregnancy take place in favorable conditions, when the vitamin reserve has not yet been depleted.
  • In the last months of pregnancy, the highest production of melatonin. the hormone of pregnancy.
  • Good weather conditions in order to make it easier to endure late toxicosis (it is not hot outside).
  • During conception, parents may experience vitamin depletion, which is observed in most people in the spring. Consume vitamins.
  • In the last months of pregnancy, there is a high probability of injury (ice, slush).
  • The first months of a baby’s life are during the period of an epidemic of influenza and acute respiratory infections. temper and take care of the child, use oxolinic ointment.
  • Not very good conditions for walking in cold and windy weather. dress your child for the weather, get a reliable stroller with a hood.

As you can see, any disadvantages can be overcome and even made as advantages, for example, bad weather is good for hardening a child. In addition, the baby in the first months is reliably protected by maternal immunity, which he received at birth and continues to receive from breast milk, he is not so afraid of viruses. The main thing is that the child is dressed for the weather, and not sweating in several layers of clothing.

Material for publication is provided by Publishing House “Peter”

Habitats of the white hare

Within the limits of distribution, white hares are settled unevenly, occupying a wide variety of lands, where they can find reliable protection and sufficient food. There is also a seasonal density of their distribution, which is most uniform in summer. In the tundra zone, river valleys and the shores of large lakes with an abundance of shrubs are preferred. The sea coast is also familiar to them. In the forest zone, they often choose sparse areas with meadows, river and stream valleys, areas of overgrown clearings, where there are good protective conditions and a lot of forage. Whites find the most favorable conditions for themselves in the central regions of Russia, where small coniferous and deciduous forests alternate, large areas of shrubs and farmland. In the south of Western Siberia, in the Kazakh forest-steppe, they usually settle along small birch forests. In Eastern Siberia, river valleys overgrown with willow and deciduous forests, where undergrowth are well developed, are chosen. In the mountains, white hats are found both in the foothills and in the mountain tundra. Often found near settlements.

Hare

Snow hare. The mammal hare-white hare is one of the representatives of the hare family, which is part of the order of hare-like.

Game “Seasons”.

You have cards on your table in four colors. four seasons. What color represents which season? Why? (Answers of children). Winter is white, spring is green, summer is red, autumn is yellow.
I will call them rabbits, and you will raise the card of the color at which time of the year these rabbits were born. (Didactic game is conducted).

By the time the hares appear, the mother quickly prepares the hole and lines it with grass. Bunnies are born very cute, fluffy and big-eyed. Their teeth grow in a week. The mother feeds the rabbits and immediately leaves so as not to attract the attention of predators with her scent. The fact is that in infancy, rabbits do not smell anything, so no predator can find them by smell. And the hare can. So she leaves the rabbits in order to save them. A few days later, the hare will return, feed the children again and leave. Rabbits’ milk is not like cow’s milk, thick and fat. One feeding to the rabbits is enough for several days. And if someone else’s mother runs by, then she will stop to feed the kids.

Remember it well and tell everyone: if lonely rabbits catch your eye, do not pick them up, do not take them home. They are not abandoned, but mother’s legitimate children and sit quietly where mother ordered, and wait for her. A man will still not be able to feed a newly born hare, he will die.

Previously, there were a great many hares in our area. Now it has become smaller. But still, the hare clings tightly to the Crimean land. After all, even in winter, he has plenty of food. In addition, rabbits are born four times a year, 3-6 at once. And although not all hare babies survive, we can say that we have enough hares.

Well, now, let’s make such a cute hare (construction from paper).

Summary of a lesson to familiarize children with nature, topic: “Hare

To consolidate and expand knowledge about hares.
To acquaint children with the peculiarities of adaptation of the Crimean hares to the local climate.
Clarify the concept of herbivores, the seasons, and how animals adapt to the world around them.
Introduce the proverb about the hare, recall familiar fairy tales with the participation of hares.
Dictionary: herbivore, present. Develop thinking, fine motor skills. To foster interest in the nature of the native land.

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White hare hunting

The white hare is an object of hunting everywhere. It has long been mined for the sake of meat, as well as for the sake of the skin. Most of all, the hunting of the white hare is carried out in Yakutia, where in the “productive” years, thanks to this trade, the population gets a lot of good meat.

The number of the white hare and its significance for humans

The number of white hares everywhere varies significantly from year to year. On the territory of Russia, very large changes (sometimes hundreds of times) are taking place in Yakutia. This phenomenon occurs mainly due to epizootics that occur with a significant increase in the number of hares. As a result of an epizootic, the nature of which is not always established, there is a massive death (sometimes 100% of the local population) of animals. As the number of hares increases, so does the number of predators that exterminate them. During an epizootic period, predators contribute to the early extinction of hares. The abundance of whites and their almost complete disappearance alternate over the years with a certain frequency. In the north it is about once every 10-12 years, and in the south it is somewhat more frequent. However, the entire area at the same time is never covered by a sharp increase in the number or pestilence of animals. The white hare quite easily and quickly adapts to the human neighborhood. At the same time, “emboldened” hawks can do significant harm to gardens (especially in winter) and forest belts.

Photo of a white hare

Hare breeding

White-breeds are quite fertile and begin to reproduce with the onset of spring. In the northernmost areas of habitat, they bring offspring only once a year, in a larger area it happens 2 times a year, and in the southern parts of the range. 3 times.

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During the rut, females attract males with a characteristic cry. The hare rut is violent, and fights often take place between males who are chasing the same female in a group. Pregnancy lasts 47 to 55 days. The first rabbits appear in April. May. Soon after lambing, the second rut takes place, and in June. July the second litter hares appear. After the third rut, rabbits are born in August. September, when the leaves are already falling, therefore they are called deciduous. Sometimes the first rabbits appear in March, and the last in November, but all of them usually die. The number of rabbits in a litter varies from 1 to 11 and depends on the habitat of the animals, as well as on the age and condition of the female. In the northern parts of the range, on average, 7 hares are born, and in the middle and southern parts. 2-5 hares per litter. As a result, it turns out that the fecundity of white hares is approximately the same throughout the range. rabbits are born in the second litter. At the end of pregnancy, the female finds a secluded place in the thick of bushes, where the lamb passes. Tundra hares sometimes make shallow brood burrows. Hares are born sighted with thick hair and weighing 90. 130 grams. Soon after birth, they can already move independently, however, the entire brood keeps near the mother and does not scatter. Rabbit milk is very nutritious and contains a lot of fat, so she feeds babies once a day, and sometimes less often. After feeding, it leaves and returns only the next day. Often hares feed other people’s hares. Cubs grow quite quickly: after a week they begin to eat grass, and after 2 weeks they are already independent. They become sexually mature at 10 months. Under natural conditions, white hares live for 7. 9 years, but often die much earlier. From 2 to 7 years old, hares are most fertile, but from 4 years old their fertility decreases.

Development of newborn puppies

It should be noted right away that the development of each puppy is individual, and it is impossible to determine strict terms. Even littermates can be very different from each other.

In 2-3 days after birth, the puppies lose their umbilical cord. In order to avoid infection of the umbilical wound, it is necessary from birth to keep them in a warm room on a clean bed. Newborns sleep a lot and often wiggle and push. It is necessary for the development of muscles and the nervous system.

After one to two weeks, babies begin to move around. crawl along the bottom of your box. So far, they are guided only by smell, because the time has not yet come when puppies open their eyes after birth. Dogs begin to try to get up and walk at about 16 days, and at 21 days they can already move confidently. The bottom of the crate and the place where the puppies walk should not be slippery. If the paws of the kids are scattering in different directions, cover the surface with a thick blanket.

At the age of 4 weeks, puppies play with each other, run, pay attention to toys. At this time, socialization begins, they learn to communicate with each other, contact with a person.

Puppies are born without teeth. Like humans, dogs first develop milk teeth, which will later be replaced by permanent ones. Milk teeth begin to be cut in 2-4 weeks. All baby teeth should erupt by 2 months.

How long does it take for puppies to open their eyes? This occurs on average 12-15 days after birth. The ears open later. at 14-17 days, and puppies begin to hear well only by the 4th week. Recognizing hearing problems and congenital deafness can be difficult, especially when the puppy is around littermates. Often, such shortcomings are discovered only after moving to a new home.

When puppies open their eyes after birth?

Babies are born very tiny and completely dependent on their mother. Their eyes and auditory canals are closed. Many novice breeders are interested in when puppies open their eyes. This usually happens 10-16 days after birth. Eyes can open in one day or 3-4 days.

Do not forget that each animal develops at a different rate, and some puppies may lag behind siblings. Normally, a healthy baby’s eyes should open before the 20th day. Such a delay does not indicate a developmental delay, defects or any diseases.

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From day 18, you can help the puppy a little. very carefully and gently wipe the eyes with warm water. The water should be boiled, cotton wool. sterile, hands. clean. For every eye. new swab. Under no circumstances tear your eyelids, do not reach into your eyes with dirty hands. If the puppy has not opened its eyes after 20 days of age, contact your veterinarian.

When puppies open their eyes, they begin to explore the world around them. They have preferences and character. This is a period of active development and the beginning of socialization.

Health

A responsible breeder should take care of the health of the puppies from birth. Animals must be carefully examined to rule out birth defects. If they are found and are not compatible with life, then the humane solution would be to put to sleep.

Some breed standards require tail docking. This procedure should be done at an early age. 2-4 days. It is during this period that stopping is most tolerated, animals do not experience suffering, and the wound heals in the shortest possible time. As a rule, this procedure is performed at home. If the puppies are being taken to the clinic, then you need to take with you a bitch that will calm and feed the kids.

Deworming is carried out at 2 and 4 weeks, and at 6-7 weeks of age. first vaccination. The bitch is wormed together with the puppies. One should be wary of not only tape and round, but also heart worms.

Puppies leave the house no earlier than a month, usually after registration, which is done at 6-7 weeks. The veterinarian or specialist from the breed club examines the puppies, after which they receive the first document. the puppy.

When do puppies open their eyes? Puppy development

Puppies are born completely helpless and need not only the care of the mother, but also the attention of the breeder. It is in the first month of life that babies are especially vulnerable. Therefore, you need to know when puppies open their eyes, they begin to hear other important points.

What you need to pay attention to

So now you know when puppies open their eyes. Retinal formation ends by day 21. It is very important not to leave babies in bright light. this is harmful to the eyes. Puppies begin to see well at the age of four weeks.

If the puppy’s eyes have not yet opened, but they look swollen. this is a reason to go to the veterinarian, an infection is possible. You will need the help of a specialist and in case of suppuration or redness.

Newborn puppies have bluish eyes. Later it will change to permanent. But if the eyes seem cloudy, whitish or too blue, then show the puppy to the veterinarian.

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