What time the kitten starts to eat itself
Here the baby already knows how to sit on his own, but his mother still feeds him. Here a neighbor or a grandmother can suggest an inexperienced mother not to “pamper” a child and give him a spoon so that he can start eating on his own. You cannot listen to the advice of other people, each child has its own developmental characteristics and the fact that someone’s child began to eat early is not a reason for all children to be able to hold a spoon from an early age.
Do not rush to accustom your child to self-feeding as soon as he begins to sit on the highchair. As a result of this zeal of parents, the child has a fear of cutlery and eating. often than not, nothing comes out of such early learning, the baby is unable to pick up food in a spoon or bring it to the mouth. As a result, instead of praising him for his efforts, he sees how upset his mother is. Further, it is very difficult to force him to take a spoon in his hand in order to once again repeat such an unpleasant procedure.
From the age of seven months, many babies begin to show interest in the spoon. If the child has already mastered his highchair and is not afraid to sit there, then first give him just a spoon. Let him learn to put it in his mouth without food for now, put a piece of solid food, such as cookies, in front of him. Let the kid try to take it with his hand and send it into his mouth. Do not interfere with your baby placing his or her palm on your hand while feeding, initiating “self” feeding. It is very good that he already wants to bring the spoon to his mouth himself, support his endeavors. But to start eating on your own, you need to teach the baby only from the age of 8-9 months.
First, offer your child a special baby spoon in an unobtrusive way. Place it on his table next to the plate on the side with which hand the baby usually likes to hold objects. If your baby is not taking the initiative and is unwilling to pick up a spoon, try to spark an interest in self-feeding. To do this, put a plate with delicious food in front of the baby, and next to it. his spoon. Do something else yourself at this time, seeing that you are in no hurry to feed him, the child will be forced to try to bring food to his mouth on his own.
All children learn to eat on their own using the example of adults, so pour food into your plate and demonstrate to your child how you eat yourself. Most of the children reach out with their hands to their mother, trying to grab her spoon. In this case, it is better to give him his spoon and a plate of food, let him try to imitate you. At first, wanting to eat on his own, the baby gets very dirty, he can even overturn food with a plate. Therefore, be sure to tie a bib around his neck before feeding.
Do not expect that the child will learn to eat on his own the first time, it takes at least a week of time for him to learn to grab a piece of food from the plate and another week for him to start bringing the spoon to his mouth. All this time, the baby will not behave very roughly. For example, he will run his hand into a plate, squeeze the contents of a spoon with his palms, or turn the process of eating into a game. For a child, the learning process itself is quite difficult and it is quite understandable that very soon he gets tired of eating himself. At first, parents need to be patient and feed the baby with a second spoon.
You cannot scold a child for his inability to eat, for his untidy appearance, or ridicule the way he looks. If the baby has stopped eating on his own and does not want to take a spoon in his hand anymore, calmly feed him yourself. Then clear his desk and change his clothes, not focusing on how he got it all dirty. If you laugh and say to him: “How dirty you are with me,” the baby will quickly understand that his mother likes him more, and next time he will try to make you laugh even more.
As you learn to self-feed, watch your baby hold the spoon. In the first days, place his fingers on the spoon yourself correctly, help him to put the porridge into the spoon yourself. If he holds the spoon well, pat him on the head and smile. Do not scold if the baby stubbornly takes a spoon in his fist, let him eat the way he does it for the first time. There is a time for everything, over time he will learn to hold a spoon with his fingers. And to hold a spoon like adult children do not begin earlier than 1.5-2 years, respectively, and it is necessary to begin to teach them from this age to properly hold a spoon. Do not give your child a fork or other sharp utensils earlier than 3 years old to avoid the danger of being pricked by a sharp object.
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And from the age of 3, give him a small baby fork and show him how to use it. If there is food on the plate that needs to be pricked onto a fork, then it is convenient to eat from the fork with the teeth down. To eat crumbly food with a fork, for example, buckwheat porridge, you need to hold the fork with an upward bend. It is much more convenient to scoop up porridge and other food this way. Starting from 2-3 years of age, start putting the child at a common table. Give him a certain place at the common table and do not change it.
Do not teach your child to eat by agreement: “A spoon for mom, a spoon for dad.” The more you persuade your child to eat the food prepared for him, the more he will refuse. As a result, the baby will stop eating altogether until his parents distract his attention with toys or jokes. Also, do not evaluate the child: “What a fine fellow you are, today you ate everything that was in the plate.” So the baby will try to eat everything every time, and this can contribute to his obesity. You cannot reward for the food eaten, the eating process should be natural. Parents should not give gifts or scold because they want to teach their child to eat food. Praise the child for good behavior, and scold. for bad, but not for how much porridge he ate.
What is the duration of breastfeeding of newborn kittens with breast milk
In nature, in its natural habitat, a mother cat feeds her cubs for a long time. In a small litter (up to 5 kittens), breastfeeding can last up to six months. But the main period lasts about 3 months:
At 1.5 months, kittens gradually become accustomed to solid food, but breast milk remains the main food.
Breastfeeding can last up to six months, but only the first 2 months mother’s milk is the main food for the baby
In street conditions, there is no question of any special diet. But pets also have a different translation process, and there is an opportunity to choose food for babies that best meets the needs of a growing kitten.
Possible problems when switching to self-catering
When switching to self-feeding, a kitten may have a number of problems. These include:
- Disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. This may mean that the food was not right for your baby. Most often this happens while feeding with cow’s milk. In order not to aggravate the problem, the kitten can be offered a liquid homogeneous porridge (for example, from oatmeal), cooked with the addition of a small amount of milk (“for smell”) or in low-fat meat broth. With constipation, do not forget about massage the tummy after eating.
- Allergy. In kittens, as in humans, it can manifest itself as rashes on the skin, hair loss. The allergen should be identified and excluded. For the time being, the kitten can be transferred again completely to breastfeeding or formula feeding.
- Psychological refusal to eat. A categorical refusal to eat may mean that the baby is not yet psychologically ready to eat himself. In this case, the owner should offer him food in small portions, but not be persistent. Literally in a few days or a week, the situation may change radically, and the kitten will begin to show interest in its bowl and its contents.
For my kittens, I cooked oatmeal in chicken breast broth. Grind in a blender before serving. The kittens felt the attractive smell of meat and ate with pleasure, especially since their mother ate a similar porridge, only with meat.
How a kitten learns to eat on its own
Kittens tend to be curious. They have a wonderful sense of smell, and will be extremely focused on sniffing the mother’s face after she has eaten. The bravest ones will try to lick their mother’s lips. This is a signal that babies are ready to try other foods.
If the kittens grow up with their mother, then the cat herself will take them to the bowl and teach everything. But the baby without maternal supervision will have to be a little tight. Here, all responsibility goes to the owner:
- Finger or spoon feed is suggested first. A baby cannot cope with a bowl. Most likely, he will step on it with his paws and immediately turn it over. Milk should be the first. The kitten licked it and wants more? He will fuss, meow loudly and show interest in every possible way. In this case, you can offer a saucer or bowl.
- First, have your toddler sniff the bowl. Then you need to lightly poke his muzzle into the food. If you like it, it will start to lap.
- At first, the kitten can choke (he will snort or sneeze), crawl into the bowl with its paws, turn it over. The owner needs to be patient. Quickly enough, the baby will figure out what’s what, and will begin to eat more carefully.
Choose food that contains vitamins and minerals necessary for the growth and development of the animal.
- Liquid milk porridge;
- Milk, cottage cheese;
- Boiled chicken or other lean meat, fish.
Gradually introduce dry food into your pet’s diet. For young kittens, you need to select special baby food.
What can and can not be given to a kitten?
In order for your pet to grow strong and healthy, the diet must be balanced. Be sure to include fish or lean meat, dairy products, cereals in your diet. Consult your veterinarian for vitamin supplements.
Important! Fatty meat, sweets, flour dishes, raw fish, smoked meats are contraindicated for cats.
How to feed a newborn kitten
Nothing can replace breastfeeding for a baby, but if the kitten is weaned early from the mother, you will have to do without breast milk.
How to tell if a kitten is hungry
The fact that the animal is hungry can be guessed by its behavior. The first thing that gives out is the look. If your pet looks at you for a long time and intently, then it’s time to feed him. A loud meow is also a signal that it is time for lunch or dinner.
If the cat repeatedly runs up to the bowl or to the place where it is fed and runs back, then this is also a hint that she is hungry. Some animals sometimes scratch their cups with their paws.
In order for the kittens to get used to the diet, the owner after the meal must remove the remnants of food, then they no longer try to beg for a treat.
Benefits of castration at this age:
- The cat has already gained the necessary mass, which allows the use of anesthesia;
- Sex hormones are not yet secreted by the pituitary gland, thanks to which castration can solve all problems;
- The animal will stop marking territory;
- The cat will not ask for a cat, while he will live a full life.
In principle, you can castrate at almost any age, but nevertheless, it is better not to risk the health of your pet, and to carry out the operation at the appropriate time. Thus, many problems can be avoided, moreover, then it will quickly pass into itself after the operation.
Also, castration at an early age has disadvantages:
- There is a risk that the kitten will have a hard time taking anesthesia, and the drugs will affect the condition of the kidneys and liver;
- There is a risk that while under anesthesia, the kitten will develop hypothermia (decrease in body temperature).
- After castration, testosterone production stops, which can lead to the fact that the cat will not develop male traits.
- After neutering, the cat may continue to behave like a kitten when it grows up.
- By neutering a kitten, you can lose a promising cat for breeding, because this can be determined only after six months.
- Early castration can lead to future urological problems.
It is necessary to neuter the cat at such an early age, or you can still wait, every owner decides for himself. In fact, there is no reason to rush to castration before the animals reach six months.
Age for neutering cats
It is up to each owner to neuter his cat or not, but before making a decision, you need to find out what time the cats are neutered. Many owners castrate their pet at an early age, because they do not plan to breed kittens, and do not want to increase the number of stray animals.
Others, on the other hand, do not think about this problem. Adult animals are usually castrated due to health problems, or to stop its territory marks and meows in the spring.
Neutering of elderly cats
The advanced age of cats begins at seven years old, at this age cats are usually castrated only for medical reasons. Veterinarians do not recommend neutering old animals without serious reasons, because it may not undergo surgery, and there is also a high risk of complications. Usually, such an operation for pets over seven years old is carried out in connection with the occurrence of aggression, urinary incontinence, diseases of the testes.
If it is necessary to castrate, you should be well prepared for this. It is necessary to pass urine and blood tests, make an X-ray of the chest cavity, ultrasound of internal organs, and also consult a cardiologist. Only after positive results, and the permission of the doctor, can the pet be sent for surgery.
If you castrate an old cat, then his behavior will change, but not as much as it happens in young animals. He can continue to mark territory, but the smell will no longer be as strong.
Some animals sometimes begin to ask for a cat, because sex hormones in a cat that is more than two years old are produced in the pituitary gland.
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It is believed that after castration, cats become passive, but, in fact, this is not entirely true. Passive cats who are obese, because many owners forget that castrated cats need a different diet. If you feed him with regular food, the cat will quickly gain weight and become lazy. If you make the right diet, and give food for sterilized cats, then it will only become more active.
There are situations when the owners know when it is possible to castrate a cat, but circumstances do not allow.
In old age, it is necessary to create all the necessary conditions for the rehabilitation period. It is also not advisable to castrate an old cat by calling a doctor at home, because in the clinic he will have all the necessary equipment at hand. At the same time, transporting an animal can also become stressful for it, so you need to take it by taxi, or in your car, preferably in a special carrier.
Ideal age for castration
Veterinarians agree that the optimal age for castration is from six months to two years.
Castration has many benefits, for example:
- Neutered cats have a longer lifespan;
- The pet will lose aggression;
- Meowing will stop with the arrival of spring;
- The cat will stop marking territory.
Veterinarians have established the recommended age for castration a long time ago, but now more and more often this operation is also performed on small kittens. The fact is that medicine does not stand still, and modern drugs do not bring the body such harm as the anesthesia that was before. Previous anesthetic drugs required a long recovery period and negatively affected the kitten‘s liver and kidneys. Modern drugs have become safer, which made it possible to castrate small kittens.
In some countries, there is a law that obliges cat owners to neuter kittens up to 12 weeks old. Neutering small kittens has many benefits and saves time. A cat who was castrated at an early age will not have such problems as: aggression and territory marking. The kitten is castrated at a young age, due to which the operation will build less, because the amount of drugs used is less. Small kittens move away from surgery faster and return to their old life.
Optimal age for castration
The question of castration is considered especially acute during the mating season, when the cat begins to tear furniture and carpets, and meow. Veterinarians advise neutering a cat up to one year old, but you can neuter a cat and an older one. Age from 6 to 12 months is considered optimal for castration. It is at this time that the body of the cat is ready for such an operation, while puberty has not yet been completed. Consequently, at this time, hormones are produced only in the testes, which allows them to stop their production by castration.
After a year, hormones begin to be produced in the pituitary gland, especially after mating with a cat, so castration may not get rid of all the problems. You can castrate a cat at 6 months, when he has already gained the necessary mass, but at the same time puberty has not yet ended.
At the age of 6 to 12 months, the operation takes place without complications, and the kitten quickly returns to normal life.