It is advisable to take offspring from a cat no earlier than 2 months. At this age, animals are completely ready to leave their mother and start their lives with new owners.
What a kitten should be able to do by the time of the beginning of an independent life in a new house
By the time the kitten begins to live independently, it must have a number of skills. He must:
- walk well;
- eat solid food on your own;
- know the tray;
- observe hygiene.
The kitten acquires all these skills thanks to the mother. She is an excellent educator of her children, and they are wonderful imitators. Skills are formed gradually:
- by the month of life, kittens can walk confidently;
- by one and a half months they are already trying solid food;
- the tray is firmly mastered by 2 months;
From a month to two, the kitten masters the tray
It turns out that at about the age of 3 months you can already look for a new home for a kitten.
When can you pick up a kitten from a cat?
You can take kittens from the mother by two or three months. At this point, the kids know and know enough. The mother’s lactation is coming to an end. Milk is no longer enough, and kittens can eat solid food with pleasure and without consequences.
The main points showing that the baby is ready for an independent life is how well he eats, goes to the toilet and takes care of himself. If any of these skills are still poorly formed, it is better to leave the kitten with the mother. You will not have to wait long, even in a week the baby can consolidate some skill well. But this is better than suffering later with a kitten who does not understand the rules of conduct in the house.
Breeders engaged in breeding purebred cats give a kitten to a new home no earlier than 3 months old. By this time, as a rule, the baby will have already undergone the first vaccination and deworming. And the new owner will receive an already fully socialized pet.
At what age can kittens be distributed: how many months is it better to take a kitten?
What socialization skills are desirable for smooth adaptation to new conditions
Physiological indicators, of course, are of great importance for an independent life. In a feline family, while playing with brothers and sisters, the kitten strengthens its muscles, learns to control its body, acquires the skills of fighting and protecting. Mother teaches kittens to hunt.
But socialization skills are no less important, because the baby will live with people in the future. This kitten is also taught by the mother, the baby repeats after her what she does. A cat that lives with people, teaches kittens to communicate with a person, teaches babies to the litter box.
When the kittens of my cat grew up a little and it was time for the first feeding, I fed them separately, since the diet and the consistency of the food were different from what I gave to adult cats (I had three of them). But the time has come to transfer the kids to the same table. Usually, when I go out with food, the cats are already waiting for me at the door, lining up in a row (you can’t put it another way), and then they all run together to the place where I give them food. I noticed that at first the kittens were going about their business at that time, and in order for them to eat, I had to take each one in my arms and carry it to the “common table”. But after a week, this was no longer required. They joined the general row and with a loud meow they caught up with their older relatives (or even ran ahead of everyone).
Kittens who grow up with their mother in a “human” family are not afraid of people, do not run away when they hear a person’s footsteps, are calm about being picked up or stroked. In all these moments, they also take an example from their mother.
Once I picked up a kitten from the street. He looked like a month and a half. Where and how much he wandered before, I do not know. I was able to pick him up only because he was simply exhausted. This baby, after warming up and eating a little, crawled under the bed into an inaccessible corner. It took me almost a month to accustom him to myself a little. The concept of “tray” was not in his vocabulary, the maximum that I was able to teach him to walk on a disposable diaper, laid on his favorite place. In general, when he got used to it a little, he went to live in the yard with the rest of my pets, but he never joined the general “pack”. I found myself a place in the barn and came only at the time of feeding. Apparently, it was the “child” of a street cat, who was also left without a mother early, which left an imprint on his behavior and attitude towards people.
At what age to take a kitten?
Many people want to take a little kitten into their home. an 8-week-old, or even 6-week-old. In this case, as a rule, they refer to their own successful experience or the experience of acquaintances. There is nothing strange in such a desire. little kittens are adorable, everyone wants to play with them and every day to see how they develop. However, not everyone thinks about the fact that taking a kitten from a cat at such an early age is dangerous for health and even life, not to mention the stress that the baby will receive. It is at the age when many kittens are taken that immunity is established and changes occur in the mental and physical development of the animal.
At what age can kittens be given?
Only by 12 weeks is the kitten more or less ready to leave the mother-cat and start an independent life with the owner. At this time, the immunity that the baby receives from breast milk is declining. Immunity begins to develop after vaccinations, which means that the baby can now do without the mother’s breast, he is somewhat stronger. Earlier weaning threatens diseases, including such frequent ones for kittens as diarrhea and respiratory diseases, accompanied by frequent sneezing.
If the kitten has already been vaccinated (the first vaccinations were against panleukopenia, calcivirus and rhinotracheitis), this does not mean that now the kitten will not succumb to these diseases. There is no immunity before re-vaccination. And some cats also need a later vaccination. at 16 weeks, not 12, as usual. In addition, the kitten must be well physically developed, gain weight. then it will more easily tolerate separation from its mother and moving to a new home.
There are also problems here that arise if you take a kitten too early. An important stage in the life of a feline cub is weaning from the mother’s breast. No one will do this as correctly, carefully and firmly as the mother-cat herself. If weaning is not done properly, serious behavioral problems can be expected in the future. A sharp change in nutrition also negatively affects the baby’s body. the resulting diarrhea (diarrhea) is a consequence of improper nutrition and the cause of dehydration, which carries a real threat to life.
Among other things, the kitten also gets the skills to use the litter box from the mother. It is not easy for a person to accustom him to this, and the kitten gladly copies the mother’s behavior.
The behavior of a kitten, his emotional state can be severely disturbed during the early weaning of a kitten from his mother. It is the mother who teaches her cub to communicate with other animals, “talk” in the feline language. If you deprive a kitten of these first lessons, it can become intimidated, timid, insecure, even cowardly, or, conversely, inexplicably aggressive. In a word, the psyche will be upset. Older kittens adapt much better to the new environment, and they feel curiosity rather than fear towards the owner, since they have already received their first lessons from their mother and feel some self-confidence.
In the company of mom, the kitten is not afraid to get to know a person. He sees that the mother is not afraid of people and also does not feel fear of them. If new people appear in the life of a kitten without a mother, while he has not yet had time to get used to them completely, he may be afraid of them all his life. Something like a phobia develops. a person in a tie or in sunglasses can seem very scary to the animal if such people have never appeared with their mother.
So, the optimal age when you can take a kitten from a cat to a new home is about three months. Occasionally. earlier, if the kitten is developed, active, playful and has no health problems.
When to pick up a kitten from a cat: the ideal time to give kittens away
It is better to pick up a kitten from a cat at the age of 1.5-2 months.
You should not rush to remove the baby from the mother
Veterinarians justify this figure with the following facts:
- kittens feed on mother’s milk for 4-5 weeks;
- by the 7-8th week, babies have already completely switched to adult food;
- after 1.5 months, babies are actively exploring the territory and are not so attached to the parent, the stress of changing the house will not be so strong.
A significant role is played by the fact that by 2 months the babies have already received the first vaccination and immunity has been developed. The risks of manifestation of dangerous diseases when moving to a new family are reduced.
The kitten begins to taste adult food from the 3rd week of life
Earlier weaning of kittens (at the age of 4 weeks) is practiced if the litter is large or the mother cat is exhausted (sick).
In this case, the new owners of the pet bear an additional burden in the form of feeding the kitten with special mixtures. cat milk substitutes. It is not recommended to replace the special mixture with cow’s milk.
What to do if a kitten is without a mother
A kitten can be left without a cat for various reasons. The task of a person is to replace his mother as much as possible, to provide food, safety and training.
First of all, it is necessary to equip a place for the baby. It should be secluded enough. It can be a special house for cats or a box. there are many options. It is necessary to cover the bottom with a soft flooring: put a blanket or diaper. The place for the house should not be located in a draft, but it is also not worth installing near the battery.
Tabby kittens eating wet food. who eats fastest at lunchtime?
Heat exchange in kittens is still imperfect, therefore, for very small (up to 2 weeks) additional heating should be provided, for example, put bottles of hot water wrapped in a towel in a box.
Cats that suckle: Is it Pica?
The owner will also have to feed the baby. Newborns are fed often enough. every 2-3 hours. In veterinary pharmacies, you can buy special bottles with nipples, as well as a dry mixture. a substitute for cat milk. True, the latter is quite expensive, so you can prepare nutritious milk yourself. Whole cow’s milk is not suitable for feeding kittens, it does not have sufficient nutritional value and can cause digestive upset.
There are dry mixes of different manufacturers on sale for feeding kittens
Without breast milk
Only a baby born into the world should receive food 8 times a day. Low-fat milk is heated to 37 ° C and the newborn is fed from a pipette. In addition, water should be present in the diet.
At three weeks of age, you need to switch to a bottle with a nipple. Massage your baby’s belly after eating to improve digestion.
How many months does the kitten start eating on its own?
Kittens are born small and completely helpless, then at first all difficulties fall on the shoulders of the mother-cat, but now 3 weeks have passed and she needed the help of her owner in order to cope with these little fidgets. At the age of three weeks, babies begin to move, they can already see, hear, go to the toilet on their own. Now the owner will have more problems with caring for this wonderful creature. In addition to the question of how to protect the little fidget, a person will have another one: how to teach a kitten to eat on his own. In our article we will talk about at what age he begins to eat on his own, and how to change his diet.
Features of feeding kittens at different ages
Pets aged 1-1.5 months are fed liquid food at least 5-6 times a day, the following dishes are suitable:
- Puree (vegetable or meat);
- liquid unsweetened semolina porridge;
- skim cheese;
- boiled yolk.
At 2 months, the animals have milk teeth, and now they can be fed with solid food. But at the same time, liquid food cannot be ruled out, since it is necessary for the proper functioning of the digestive system.
As the animal grows older, its need for food and nutrients increases.
At 2 months, you can already give the following food:
- lean boiled meat;
- cottage cheese;
- chicken yolk;
Food should be rich in vitamins and nutrients. From childhood, teach your pet to eat cereals and vegetables in addition to milk, fish and meat.
What is the duration of breastfeeding of newborn kittens with breast milk
In nature, in its natural habitat, a mother cat feeds her cubs for a long time. In a small litter (up to 5 kittens), breastfeeding can last up to six months. But the main period lasts about 3 months:
- At 1.5 months, kittens gradually become accustomed to solid food, but breast milk remains the main food.
Breastfeeding can last up to six months, but only the first 2 months mother’s milk is the main food for the baby
In the conditions of the street, there is no question of any special diet. But pets also have a different translation process, and there is an opportunity to choose food for babies that best meets the needs of a growing kitten.
Choose food that contains vitamins and minerals necessary for the growth and development of the animal.
- Liquid milk porridge;
- Milk, cottage cheese;
- Boiled chicken or other lean meat, fish.
Gradually introduce dry food into your pet’s diet. For young kittens, you need to select special baby food.
Optimal age for castration
The question of castration is considered especially acute during the mating season, when the cat begins to tear furniture and carpets, and meow. Veterinarians advise neutering a cat up to one year old, but you can neuter a cat and an older one. Age from 6 to 12 months is considered optimal for castration. It is at this time that the body of the cat is ready for such an operation, while puberty has not yet been completed. Consequently, at this time, hormones are produced only in the testes, which allows them to stop their production by castration.
After a year, hormones begin to be produced in the pituitary gland, especially after mating with a cat, so castration may not get rid of all the problems. You can castrate a cat at 6 months, when he has already gained the necessary mass, but at the same time puberty has not yet ended.
At the age of 6 to 12 months, the operation takes place without complications, and the kitten quickly returns to normal life.
Neutering of elderly cats
The advanced age of cats begins at seven years old, at this age cats are usually castrated only for medical reasons. Veterinarians do not recommend neutering old animals without serious reasons, because it may not undergo surgery, and there is also a high risk of complications. Usually, such an operation for pets over seven years old is carried out in connection with the occurrence of aggression, urinary incontinence, diseases of the testes.
If it is necessary to castrate, you should be well prepared for this. It is necessary to pass urine and blood tests, make an X-ray of the chest cavity, ultrasound of internal organs, and also consult a cardiologist. Only after positive results, and the permission of the doctor, can the pet be sent for surgery.
If you castrate an old cat, then his behavior will change, but not as much as it happens in young animals. He can continue to mark territory, but the smell will no longer be as strong.
Some animals sometimes begin to ask for a cat, because sex hormones in a cat that is more than two years old are produced in the pituitary gland.
It is believed that after castration, cats become passive, but, in fact, this is not entirely true. Passive cats who are obese, because many owners forget that castrated cats need a different diet. If you feed him with regular food, the cat will quickly gain weight and become lazy. If you make the right diet, and give food for sterilized cats, then it will only become more active.
There are situations when the owners know when it is possible to castrate a cat, but circumstances do not allow.
In old age, it is necessary to create all the necessary conditions for the rehabilitation period. It is also not advisable to castrate an old cat by calling a doctor at home, because in the clinic he will have all the necessary equipment at hand. At the same time, transporting an animal can also become stressful for it, so you need to take it by taxi, or in your car, preferably in a special carrier.
Veterinarians have established the recommended age for castration a long time ago, but now more and more often this operation is also performed on small kittens. The fact is that medicine does not stand still, and modern drugs do not bring the body such harm as the anesthesia that was before. Previous anesthetic drugs required a long recovery period and negatively affected the kitten’s liver and kidneys. Modern drugs have become safer, which made it possible to castrate small kittens.
In some countries, there is a law that obliges cat owners to neuter kittens up to 12 weeks old. Neutering small kittens has many benefits and saves time. A cat who was castrated at an early age will not have such problems as: aggression and territory marking. The kitten is castrated at a young age, due to which the operation will build less, because the amount of drugs used is less. Small kittens move away from surgery faster and return to their old life.
Ideal age for castration
Veterinarians agree that the optimal age for castration is from six months to two years.
Age for neutering cats
It is up to each owner to neuter his cat or not, but before making a decision, you need to find out what time the cats are neutered. Many owners castrate their pet at an early age, because they do not plan to breed kittens, and do not want to increase the number of stray animals.
Others, on the other hand, do not think about this problem. Adult animals are usually castrated due to health problems, or to stop its territory marks and meows in the spring.
Castration has many benefits, for example:
- Neutered cats have a longer lifespan;
- The pet will lose aggression;
- Meowing will stop with the arrival of spring;
- The cat will stop marking territory.
Benefits of castration at this age:
- The cat has already gained the necessary mass, which allows the use of anesthesia;
- Sex hormones are not yet secreted by the pituitary gland, thanks to which castration can solve all problems;
- The animal will stop marking territory;
- The cat will not ask for a cat, while he will live a full life.
In principle, you can castrate at almost any age, but nevertheless, it is better not to risk the health of your pet, and to carry out the operation at a suitable period. Thus, many problems can be avoided, moreover, then it will quickly pass into itself after the operation.