Causes of infection with worms in kittens
For many owners, it is difficult to imagine that a small kitten, which is just beginning to explore the world around it, can be infected itself and be a carrier of worms. But this erroneous delusion is fraught with a serious danger both for the feline himself and for all family members. Therefore, it is very important to know about the possible ways of infection with endoparasites:
- intrauterine transmission of worms from a pregnant cat;
- contact with environmental objects, which may include water, infected animals (cats, mice, rats), grass in the yard;
- contact with contaminated (contaminated) items such as shoes, clothes, rug in the hallway;
- feeding with meat or fish products that have not passed veterinary control and have not been frozen or treated with boiling water;
- eating contaminated finished feed;
- the presence of fleas and lice in the kitten, which are carriers of the larval form of helminth;
Doctor’s recommendation: when to worm kittens for the first time
The treatment process is different in the case of a young pet. For small kittens, it is customary to carry out treatment for worms at the age of six weeks. It is at this age that routine vaccination is performed. But this does not apply to kittens found on the street, they can be wormed earlier.
At what age kittens worms for the first time
Many pet owners worry about their pets and closely monitor their behavior. But most often they are worried about the age at which kittens worms. The answer is simple. for the first time, a pet needs to be given medicine at the age of 6 weeks. Perhaps someone will think, why stuff a kitten with different drugs at such a small age.?
Everything is very simple. worms can easily be transmitted to a baby from a mother even before his birth. But even if he was lucky, and he was born without parasites, then you should not relax, because parasites can enter the body during milk feeding. Even if the mother is a domestic cat and has never left the apartment, she can still have worms. And if you find a baby on the street, then you can be sure that he needs to be worm-driven.
Symptoms of worm infestation
Symptoms of the presence of worms in a cat’s body can be expressed in varying degrees. It all depends on the stage of the disease and the type of parasites. In the early stages, symptoms of infection may be almost invisible or not appear at all.
Varieties of worms parasitizing the body of a cat
- disruption of the gastrointestinal tract (digestive problems, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, increased or decreased appetite);
- periodic cough;
- yellowish color of mucous membranes;
- enlarged liver;
- coat problems;
- itching of the anus;
- purulent discharge from the eyes and nose of the animal;
- blood in the discharge;
- paralysis in the last stages;
- delayed development in small kittens.
Some symptoms of infection may be similar to those of other diseases, viral or infectious.
Important! In some cases, deworming can lead to a deterioration in the condition of a sick animal and even death.!
If there are some signs of worms, you need to see your veterinarian. To accurately determine the presence of parasites, the doctor will prescribe laboratory tests, the results of which can be used to make an accurate diagnosis.
At what age do worms run pets
If the baby came to your house not from the cattery, and there is no documentation for him, then the first time you need to worm the kittens at 6 weeks. Of course, if the animal is older than this age, then you can safely give a drug for worms. If you picked up a kitten on the street, then you can carry out prophylaxis earlier than the specified age. Just for this, buy a drug that is intended for animals under 6 weeks of age.
Check Cats for Worms
As a rule, after the prophylaxis has been carried out for the pet, he is vaccinated. It is needed so that the animal does not pick up any infection.
Choosing a drug
Now in veterinary pharmacies there is a wide range of products for the destruction of helminths. Preparations for worms contain toxic substances (piperazine, pyrantel, fenbendazole) that destroy adult parasitic worms or prevent their further life. The kitten should be given these medicines very carefully. There are rules that must be followed for the safety of animal health:
- Strictly follow the instructions written in the instructions for the drug: observe the dosage, frequency, regimen.
- Do not carry out deworming in malnourished and sick pets. The toxic effect of an anthelmintic on a weakened body can lead to sad consequences.
- Don’t give kittens potent remedies.
Before giving any drug for worms, the kitten needs to have a feces test. According to the results of the study, it will be possible to understand what type of parasitic worms lives in the animal’s body. Thanks to this, the veterinarian will be able to choose a medicine for his four-legged patient, the action of which is aimed specifically at the causative agents of the invasion.
For prevention purposes, you need to select the drug in accordance with the age and weight of the animal. The medicine should be easy to use and easy to dose. There are a large number of forms of anthelmintics: drops on the withers, tablets, suspensions. In order not to doubt when choosing a drug, you need to consult a doctor or pharmacist at a veterinary pharmacy.
At what age can you worm kittens?
Helminths (in common people. worms) are parasites that live in the body of not only humans, but also cats. Small kittens, whose body has not yet matured, are most at risk. Therefore, to destroy parasites, it is necessary to give them special antihelminthic drugs. The treatment regimen varies depending on the age of the pet and the anthelmintic agent. Before using medication, you must consult a veterinarian.
You can determine that a kitten is infected with parasites by the following symptoms:
- poor appetite;
- loss of activity;
- diarrhea and vomiting;
- presence of worms in feces.
If your pet has one or more of these signs, you should contact your veterinarian.
Medicine for a kitten must be carefully selected and read the instructions before using it. The wrong product or the wrong dosage can even lead to death in the animal.
Preparations for the fight against worms are produced in the form of tablets, powders and solutions. Doctors advise using the latter option, since it contains less toxic substances and cannot harm an immature body.
It is necessary to worm kittens for the first time at the age of two months. During this period, the animal’s body is already able to perceive the harmful substances contained in drugs against parasites.
If the kitten was picked up on the street and the owner does not know the exact age of the pet, you should contact your veterinarian. The doctor will determine it and recommend the right drug. For more accurate treatment, veterinarians take the animal’s feces for analysis to determine the type of helminths. This is necessary, since now there are more than 70 types of worms, each of them reacts to a certain poison.
According to the standard scheme, the animal should be given drugs against parasites once every 3 months. Scottish kittens undergo this procedure 7-10 days before vaccination. This should be done even if the pet does not go outside and does not eat raw meat, since helminths can enter the body from the clothes or shoes of the owners. Fleas and flies can also transmit worms.
Treatment should be carried out only in a perfectly healthy animal, if it is sick, you need to postpone the procedure and carry it out when the kitten is cured of the disease. Before starting treatment for parasites, it is necessary to measure the temperature. It is better to do this with an electronic thermometer, since the skin of the Don Sphynx kittens is hot all the time. The norm is 38-39 degrees Celsius.
If the pet eats not special food, but ordinary natural products, the following drugs can be given for worms:
- Febtal (suitable for kittens from 3 weeks old).
- Milbemax (for kittens not younger than 1.5 months).
The dosage of any product should be appropriate for the kitten’s weight. It is also necessary to read the instructions, since such drugs are poison.
Together with the medicine against worms, the pet can be given an injection of Gamavit (dosage 0.1-3 ml), depending on the degree of infection. This drug must be injected under the withers of the animal.
Be sure to give the kitten a sorbent after such medications:
These drugs will help to remove harmful components derived from antihelminthic drugs from the feline body.
After treatment, you need to make sure that the animal defecates within 24 hours. This is necessary so that the poisonous substances from the antihelminthic agents leave the body. If the kitten has not gone to the toilet in a day, you should give him a small amount of a laxative. Duphalac or liquid paraffin is well suited for this.
After two weeks, the procedure must be repeated. Some antihelminthic drugs do not work for 2 weeks, but for 28 days, therefore, 14 days after treatment, the use of the drug is not needed.
Sugar cubes are like regular refined sugar. The active ingredients are enclosed in a sucrose coating. In shape, the medicine looks like ordinary sugar cubes of white or slightly yellowish tint. It dissolves in water. The drug is fed to the animal from the hands or injected into the mouth as a syrup.
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Worm injections are sold in ampoules. The drugs are powerful, but they also have many side effects. Kittens are rarely prescribed, usually in severe cases. The medicine is applied in a course. 3 times through an interval. Additionally, strengthening agents (Gamavit) can be prescribed.
The injection is done subcutaneously at the withers. The owner is able to inject himself. but he must have skill. Better if done by a veterinarian.
Popular antihelminthic suspensions
Choosing a good suspension is not difficult. Most of the products sold at the veterinary pharmacy are suitable for cats and cats of any age. But if you do not know what to buy, it is better to contact your veterinarian or choose one of the popular remedies recommended by a pharmacist.
The combined antihistamine Febtal Combo is often used to prevent worms in cats and kittens. The positive effect is achieved due to the presence of praziquantel and albendazole in the composition of the drug. Circulating along with the blood throughout the body, these substances have a negative effect on the central nervous system of worms, paralyzing them and contributing to early death with subsequent excretion.
The drug should not be given to pregnant cats, as well as kittens under the age of 1 month, and a cat that is feeding them. The dose depends on the weight. There is 1 ml of substance per 1 kg. The container with the drug is shaken for 2 minutes, after which it is set in a pipette and injected into the animal (the cat is no longer fed at least 12 hours before).
The application is effective in the fight against worms of various types and forms. Its work is based on the presence in the composition of such substances:
- pyrantel pamoat;
The maximum concentration of Dironet in the blood is reached 4 hours after its administration. Having finished its action, the drug is completely excreted in the urine. It disrupts metabolic processes in the body of worms, because of which they become immobile, stop eating and die. The amount of the drug per animal depends on its weight. So, if the average weight of a cat is 5 kg, then he needs to be given up to 5 ml of the substance.
An anti-worm suspension for cats is instilled on the tip of the tongue in accordance with the instructions. If the cat resists, mix the medicine with a spoonful of cottage cheese or liquid cat food.
A drug that contains pyrantel pamoate and praziquantel. The release form is a bottle with a yellowish liquid, a homogeneous consistency, does not exfoliate and does not change shade. There should also be no sediment at the bottom of the bottle. Dirofen affects the central nervous system of worms. They fall into a state close to coma and die. The parasites are excreted in the faeces. The tool can be used at any stage of worm development and at any degree of damage to the body.
The maximum effect is achieved 2-3 hours after drug administration. Dirofen is used not only for treatment, but also for prevention. Kittens can be given it when they reach 4 months. It is forbidden to give medicine to weakened animals, pets who have had an illness, pregnant and lactating cats.
The drug is available in the form of a suspension, poured into small bottles of 1 ml. The active ingredients are 50 mg of praziquantel and 250 mg of pyrantel pamoate. The yellowish suspension may delaminate in the vial, but the delamination disappears after shaking.
Kittens are given Helmintal when they reach the age of 3 weeks. Adult cats should not take this medication when pregnant or nursing. 1 ml of the substance is enough for the antiparasitic treatment of a cat weighing up to 10 kg. The treatment is done twice, repeating after 10-14 days. The drug is dangerous to use in conjunction with drugs that contain piperazine.
Why constantly treat a kitten from worms
The duration of the development cycle of most helminths is 3 months. By this age, individuals hatched from eggs or newly introduced from the outside become sexually mature. To break the vicious circle, it is customary to carry out deworming on a quarterly basis. If you miss one term, the helminths will multiply.
Mass death of parasites increases the risk of intoxication with decay products and intestinal blockage with tangles of worms. Another reason for the regular prevention of helminthic diseases is the constant invasion of helminth eggs by other animals and humans. Even when a domestic kitten permanently resides in an apartment on the 16th floor, does not walk on the street, the owner brings helminth eggs for him on the soles of his shoes.
How to worm kittens correctly: instructions
Most of the anthelmintics used for adult cats will not work for a six-week-old kitten. Wither drops and tablets are difficult to dose. Therefore, manufacturers do not recommend the use of the drug for animals up to 8 weeks old and weighing up to 0.5 kg.
The exception is Stronghold drops. They are applied to the back of the head or withers in a place inaccessible for licking. If there are several kittens in the house, the pet is isolated for about half an hour until the solution is absorbed. However, it is best to apply drops 3 weeks after the second vaccination. They will protect the kitten not only from worms, but also fleas.
The tablets are inconvenient to use. For example, Febtal is approved for use from three weeks. However, one tablet is designed for an animal weighing 1.5 kg, therefore, the pill must be crushed. In addition, the drug is recommended to be given for 3 days in a row, and any violence against a kitten is stress, which also negatively affects health.
Therefore, the safest way of deworming is the use of an antihelminthic suspension. The standard dosage is 1 ml / kg body weight. if the weight of the baby is 500 g, 0.5 ml of an antihelminthic suspension is taken with an insulin syringe, injected into the mouth, the jaws are closed and the animal is convinced that the medicine has been swallowed. Optimal time for deworming.
Anthelmintics are given one hour before morning feeding. This eliminates the interaction with gastric juice of the increased acidity observed during digestion. Neglecting this recommendation can impair absorption or change the properties of the drug.
Due to the toxicity of the preparations, only healthy animals are allowed for processing. With extreme caution, anthelmintics are given to kittens, pregnant and lactating pets.
The dosage of the medicine depends on the weight of the pet, so read the instructions before use. Consult your veterinarian for safety. He may advise you to adjust the general recommendations depending on the patient’s condition. It is better to play it safe here: too small a dose will not give the desired effect, and too large will lead to intoxication.
It is important to be tested for flea infestation before use. Fleas quickly spread the eggs of the worms, hindering recovery. Until they are eliminated, treatment will be meaningless.
To strengthen the immune system, together with anthelmintics, prebiotics are given. dietary fiber that stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria in the intestines. When carrying out a procedure with a therapeutic purpose, be sure to pass tests after re-processing and take care of more thorough hygiene of the tray.
What drugs are there
Preparations intended for deworming cats are of narrow and broad Spectra action. The first ones affect a specific type of parasite, and the second ones affect several.
Due to the variety of release forms, the anthelmintic is easily selected individually. It can be given in the form of tablets or suspensions, or simply dripped onto the withers. Each form has its own advantages and disadvantages. After reading them, you will understand how it is easier to proglist your cat.
The advantages of the tablet form are in a longer shelf life and the possibility of localizing the action of the drug in a certain part of the gastrointestinal tract. This is achieved by applying a special shell that allows the active substance to be transported to the desired location.
Among the pills that veterinarians recommend are:
Worms are a parasitic type of worms that live in humans and animals. Roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms or toxocaras are most commonly found in cats. Worms infect internal organs, negatively affect the general state of all systems, including the immune system, and cause physical pain to the cat. To combat helminths, tablets or suspensions are used. The latter is more suitable for kittens. But subject to the correct choice of medication by a veterinarian, it can also be used to treat adult cats.
How to rid a kitten of worms with pills
Prazitel tablets are used for kittens at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 kg of animal body weight. The drug is used for kittens from 3 weeks of age. In case of severe infection, the animal must be re-treated after 10 days.
The most convenient form of the drug for treating a kitten from worms is a suspension. It is easily given to a pet using a special syringe-dispenser, which is present in the package. Suspension and tablets have the same effect (have the same composition).
How To Tell If Your Cat Has Worms. Cat Health Care!
|Destruction of tapeworms at all stages of their development|
|Pirantela pamoat||Destruction of round helminths at all stages of their development|
Possible side effects
All drugs for helminthic invasion to some extent have toxicity, when used, you must strictly follow the prescribed dosage. In case of violation of the method of application, overdose, intoxication of the body occurs, side effects appear:
- upset gastrointestinal tract.
If you have such signs, you should contact your veterinarian for gastric lavage and bowel cleansing. Helminthic invasion is a dangerous disease for an animal, therefore, if it is detected, it is necessary to urgently conduct anthelmintic treatment.
There are no helminth-free cats. But, when there are many parasites, they take away nutrients from the animal, and first of all, vitamins. For a developing organism, they are doubly dangerous, because they distract the immune system from the formation of antibodies against contagia.
Therefore, the kitten must be dewormed before vaccination. Where do the worms come from? They cross the placenta, intrauterine infection occurs. When is the first time to proglist a kitten and how to do it? This article answers these questions.