Remedy before visiting the doctor
When, after a cat bite, the hand is very swollen, and by all indications it is necessary to seek medical help, but for some reason it has to be postponed, the patient needs to use a special bandage to improve the condition, which will slow down the spread of the inflammatory process. The use of such temporary treatment is possible no more than 2 days and only as a last resort before visiting the surgeon.
To improve the patient’s condition, it is necessary to apply a bandage, abundantly soaked in ointment with the antibiotic Levomekol and alcohol, in extreme cases, with vodka, on the damaged area previously washed with laundry soap. During the day, the dressing should be regularly re-moistened with alcohol. It promotes the opening of pores and, as a result, the speedy penetration of the ointment into the tissues. The bandage also reduces heat at the site of the swelling. The diseased arm must be kept at rest and fixed in a sling.
Home treatment using pharmacy drugs
When the site of the bite is swollen in a victim of cat teeth, you can also use pharmacy ointments, which, with mild inflammation, quickly solve the problem. Good results are obtained by a combination of an antibiotic action with an ointment that draws out pus and cleans the wound, which, moreover, from their effect will hurt less while the healing process is in progress.
The most effective combination is a mixture of ichthyol ointment with levomekol, which are taken in a 1: 1 ratio. The composition is applied in a thick layer to the sore spot, capturing the healthy skin around it by 1 cm. A cotton pad is placed on top of the ointment. After that they make a bandage. Leave the ointment if the hand is slightly swollen for a day. When, after a cat bite, the edema is severe, the bandage is changed and a new portion of the ointment is applied after 12 hours. Before applying a new portion of the medicine, it is necessary to rinse the bite with chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide.
If there is no ointment with antibiotic action, but streptocide powder is available, you can treat the bite with it. It is important to prevent the formation of a crust from it on the surface of the wounds, which will not allow the pus to move away. To do this, mix the powder in a 1: 1 ratio with crushed agave leaves or natural honey. The first option is preferable. The mixture is applied to the wounds from the teeth of the cat every 12 hours. The swelling from the arm should begin to subside after the first day of therapy.
Furacilin solution is harmful to most of the bacteria that cause inflammation after cat bites. Lotions with it, which are done 4 times a day, help to eliminate swelling and inflammation well, as well as accelerate tissue regeneration and prevent the appearance of severe scars and scars. The tool is used according to the instructions. It does not cause burning and pain, which is why it can be used even in children.
Bitten by a cat what to do
The danger of cat bites cannot be underestimated. They often cause complications and you need to know what to do if a cat has bitten and your hand, leg or finger is swollen. Most often, hands are affected by cat bites. A cat bite is much less common than a dog, but its consequences are much more serious due to the peculiarities of the teeth, which can bite through tissues quite deeply; and also due to the presence in the oral cavity of a special microflora that provokes severe inflammation. The tumor at the site of the bite must be treated, since it is a complication and a sign of the development of a violent purulent process.
What not to do
When, after the cat has bitten and the hand is swollen, there are actions that are completely prohibited, since they will only significantly worsen the condition and may even provoke blood poisoning. The following is unacceptable during treatment:
- the use of healing ointments. pus from the wounds formed when the cat bites should flow out, and if you stimulate their overgrowth, it will accumulate in the tissues, which makes it easy to even lose an arm;
- warming up. inflammation cannot be heated, as this only intensifies them, creating optimal conditions for bacteria;
- try to open an abscess on your own that appeared when a cat bitten, even if pus is visible through the skin.
In order to prevent complications if a cat has bitten on the hand and not to face swelling of the hand, you need to know how to carry out proper sanitization immediately after receiving such an injury, which reduces the risk of negative consequences by 95%. A cat can bite for many reasons, and therefore the owner needs to know for sure. how a cat bite is treated.
There is hardly a person in the world who has never been bitten by a cat. The animal can attack us out of anger, it can grab onto during the game, or simply warn us with a bite about something, for example, about hunger. Are the consequences of a cat bite so harmless? The danger of cat teeth will be discussed in our article.
Home remedies for swollen hands
If your arm is swollen after a cat bite, but there is no indication for an urgent visit to the doctor, you can start home treatment for complications of the injury. It is important to constantly monitor changes and, with a further increase in edema and redness, seek medical help. Usually, with a timely reaction, it is possible to cure the effects of a bite on its own.
A good result is obtained by treating the bite site with an inflammation that caused swelling of the hand with a composition of calendula, eucalyptus and chamomile. It is prepared in water so that prolonged exposure to alcohol does not burn the skin. For the composition, in 1 glass of boiling water, 1 tbsp is brewed. with a slide of all components. Insist the medicine until it cools completely by wrapping the dishes in a terry towel. After that, a sterile gauze bandage is soaked in the liquid and applied to the bite site. From above it is fixed with a mesh. The gauze is changed several times a day.
If the bitten hand is not very swollen and the general condition does not worsen, you can draw out the pus and clean the wound with the leaves of the agave, which is found in almost every home. A gruel is prepared from its leaves, which is applied to the bite and, covered with polyethylene on top, is fixed with a bandage. This is the only remedy that is used as a compress for the inflammation of a cat bite. If there is no result from its use within 2 days, this means that the use of antibiotics is required.
Washing the bite with laundry soap helps with open wounds that have not yet begun to overgrow. If the bite is very painful and the swelling spreads from it quickly enough, this method will not work. With a slight swelling of the hand, a cat bite is washed with laundry soap up to 8 times a day. The sore spot is not just rubbed with soap, but also left for 5-10 minutes to act.
A solution of soda and salt helps to drain pus and cleanse wounds. It can only be used if the hand is not very swollen. For treatment, dissolve 2 tsp in 1 glass of water. soda and salt and then hold the sore hand in such a bath. Cool water is needed for it, since heat exposure will only worsen the condition of the bitten person.
When you can’t do without the help of a doctor
The above measures can help if a healthy animal has sunk into the body. But in such situations, you need to run to the emergency room as soon as possible so that the doctor will tell you what to do if a cat has bitten:
If the temperature rises above 37 degrees;
If the leg, arm, fingers (or other bite site) are noticeably swollen;
If the bleeding from the wound does not stop;
If inflammation has begun, which cannot be dealt with on your own;
If the animal has injured tendons, ligaments or joints;
If the state of health is unexpectedly shaken (vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, pain syndrome, etc.);
If the health of the bitten cat is in doubt (see the symptoms of diseases that can migrate from animals to humans);
If not a domestic cat attacked, but a stranger, regardless of its condition and appearance.
If the consequences of injury are severe, only a specialist can determine how to treat a cat bite at home. Medicines such as peroxide or decongestant ointments won’t help if the attack is from a sick cat.
Unfortunately, many people think something like this: “Nonsense, just a swollen finger after a cat bite.” Another option: “Will hurt and stop.” Such carelessness can be too expensive, especially if the bite was from an animal with rabies or tetanus.
Cats are considered wayward animals, capable of repelling even the owner. When bitten, a whole bunch of microorganisms gets into the tissue, especially if the animal is not vaccinated. Infection with the rabies virus is not excluded if we are talking about a street cat. Persistent inflammation can also develop, the wound suppurates, the regeneration process is delayed. If a long time has passed and healing does not occur, a scar will form. What to do to avoid complications if bitten by a cat? First, let’s figure out why animals attack and how to avoid it.
The edges of the wound may be torn, but more often the damage is deep and closed. The bite site becomes inflamed, and there are usually several scratches next to the punctures. The cat bite is more likely to occur on the limbs. Burning is felt in the sore hand, the body temperature rises. Due to possible pathogens present in the blood of the animal, additional symptoms appear, aggravating the condition of the victim.
The main signs of a cat bite are soreness and bruising from punctured teeth. Other symptoms include:
- spreading tumor,
- acute inflammation and formation of abscesses,
- feverish conditions.
Cat bites provoke an acute local reaction. The bite area reddens and swells, when palpating, you feel a compaction, the skin in the area of inflammation is hot. If an arm or leg is swollen, call a doctor immediately.
Treating the wound will save you many problems. You can rinse the bite with peroxide and wrap it with a bandage. Koda was bitten by a domestic cat, there is no reason to immediately go to the hospital. The wound is washed with soap and treated with any antiseptic. A bandage should be applied to protect the wound from possible infection. It is imperative to see a doctor if the cat has grabbed the neck or face, or the animal has bitten the child.
First aid, when bitten by a cat, includes:
- thorough rinsing. it is recommended to rinse the wound after a bite under running water with household chalk for 7-10 minutes, after which it can be treated,
- disinfection. what can be used to treat a wound immediately after a bite is chlorhexidine and hydrogen peroxide. Some victims are immediately filled with peroxide and wrapped in a bandage. However, it is better to wait until it dries, and repeat the antiseptic treatment. this time with a drug with an alcohol composition,
- bandaging. the bandage is done only if the wound is deep and bleeding. Should I stop bleeding and apply a pressure bandage? If the cat bites before it bleeds and bleeding has begun, then what you don’t need to do is stop it right away. The need to apply a bandage appears after part of the blood, along with possible infection and mechanical impurities, has come out.
What to do if the cat has bitten on the hand and after that it is swollen? It is recommended to take an antihistamine, immobilize and cool the injured limb. If the hand hurts a lot, take an analgesic in a standard dosage. What can not be done after a cat bite is to cover the wound with adhesive tape. Fatty ointments and creams are also not used.
Conditions are considered dangerous if the cat has bitten, the bleeding does not stop, the hand or other place of injury is blue and swollen. Progressive inflammatory process indicates possible infection.
When a domestic cat has bitten, and in particular injuries were received while playing with kittens (they bite through the skin, left scratches), there is no reason for concern. Abrasions heal after treatment with antiseptics and do not require additional treatment. Another thing is if the cat has bitten the child. Due to allergic reactions, swelling, itching, and shortness of breath are possible. A cat can bite a finger, and it immediately swells, swells, and signs of an acute allergy appear.
Medicines for the treatment of a bite. photo gallery
Briefly about cats
Cats remain common pets, but it is not safe to be close to these predators. If the cat has bitten, it means that the owners have gone too far with affection. Sometimes animals flirt and also use their teeth, especially kittens sin. But more often than not, a domestic cat bites due to stress.
Street animals are another matter. It is possible to become a victim of the homeless code if it was going to have a snack, but it was prevented. Stray animals are aggressive, and if a street cat has bitten and scratched the skin, you should not self-medicate, it is better to immediately consult a doctor to rule out possible infections.
Serious complications are fraught with the bite of an infected individual, which transfers viruses and bacteria to humans through saliva. So, you can get infected with felinosis, salmonellosis, hemabartonellosis. The rabies virus is especially dangerous, which can be awarded to a stray animal.
When providing first aid to the victim, the following actions are prohibited:
- forced stop of slight bleeding, tight bandaging of the wound;
- complete closure of the damaged area. bacteria tend to multiply rapidly in a similar environment;
- cauterization of the wound, its suturing;
- refusal to visit a doctor: according to statistics, serious illnesses develop when the patient delays to visit a specialist or completely refuses to visit him.
The reaction to a cat bite depends on the location, depth, and area of the skin lesion. It is important whether the cat was sick and vaccinated and what microorganisms are present in its saliva, since the bite itself is often not dangerous.
At best, a cat attack is accompanied by only painful sensations. If the skin is severely damaged, bleeding may occur. If an infection has penetrated the wound, then the following symptoms appear:
- hyperemia of the skin at the site of the bite;
- the appearance of edema;
- temperature increase;
- development of purulent processes.
Hand bites are often infected
When infected with cat scratch disease 3 weeks after the bite, the following manifestations occur:
- temperature rise up to 38–40 о С;
- loss of appetite;
- enlarged lymph nodes located near the site of the bite;
- headache and feeling unwell.
After about 2 weeks of illness, the patient’s condition improves and the patient is on the mend. However, there are cases of complications, as a result of which there is a need for a surgical operation to remove abscesses due to inflammation of the lymph node. Therefore, at the first signs of the development of infection, a doctor’s consultation is required.
Bites from street cats are especially dangerous, leading to the development of clostridial infections (these include tetanus, gas gangrene and wound botulism).
The danger of being bitten by street cats is that they have multiple accumulations of pathogenic microorganisms on their canines, which, when bitten, enter the human body.
In this case, the following symptoms of the development of the disease are characteristic:
- the appearance of pus or bumps at the site of the bite;
- nausea and vomiting;
- loss of consciousness;
- temperature increase;
- the appearance of cramps in the arms and legs;
- limb tremor.
Rabies In Cats | Signs Of A Rabid Cat | Understanding Rabies In Cats
If serious signs of complication appear, an ambulance should be called immediately. In some people, a cat bite can lead to an immediate allergic reaction in the form of anaphylactic shock, which requires immediate medical attention.
In a person who has been bitten by an animal with rabies, signs of infection appear after 1–3 weeks. The incubation period of the disease depends on the distance from the bite site to the head and can last up to 12 months. The first symptoms of the disease are:
- acute reaction to light. photophobia;
- intolerance to loud sounds and noise;
- inability to swallow or having difficulty trying to drink water.
With the appearance of such signs of irritation of the nervous system, the possibility of cure for rabies is zero. The disease leads to muscle paralysis and, as a result, to death.
In the event that there is a suspicion that the attacked animal may be sick, a special anti-rabies serum is administered to the victim in order to prevent infection with rabies. A tetanus vaccine is also given, provided that the patient has not received it in the past 5 years. Rabies serum is injected repeatedly, after a certain period of time. Such preventive measures allow you to avoid dangerous diseases, which sometimes lead to death.
In addition, a course of antibacterial drugs with a wide spectrum of action is prescribed. Their task is to prevent wound suppuration. Most often, doctors prefer drugs such as Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone, Clavunate. The duration of the course depends on the timing of the visit to the doctor and ranges from 5 to 10 days. The sooner you start taking the medicine from the moment of injury, the shorter the duration of treatment.
The wound is sutured only in certain cases:
- If the cat has bitten, causing very significant damage to the skin.
- The wound is in the head area.
- In order to stop bleeding with injured vessels.
Otherwise, cat bites heal on their own.
What to do if, after a cat bite, the hand is swollen, and the visit to the doctor has to be postponed for some reason? It is recommended that after treating the wound, apply a bandage soaked in Levomekol ointment and alcohol on the affected area. Do not shoot all day long. Moisten the bandage with alcohol from time to time. By opening the pores, it promotes better penetration of Levomekol. Such a bandage helps to alleviate the condition of the victim until medical attention is received.
Cause for concern
Anxiety should arise in such situations:
- bleeding does not stop for a long time;
- a large area of injury from a bite;
- there is damage to the joint or ligaments;
- the animal has bitten on the face or neck;
- the child‘s temperature has risen after the bite;
- deterioration in general health;
- progression of the inflammatory process;
- tissues begin to swell;
- suppuration of the wound.
One of the reasons for seeking medical help is that the child was bitten by some street cat or a cat that was not vaccinated against rabies. Even in the absence of obvious signs of concern, you should seek advice and assistance from a medical facility. Rabies does not manifest itself immediately, but is life threatening.
The optimal time to seek medical attention is 12 hours after the baby has been bitten by a cat. During this time, the infection will not have time to spread and cause significant harm to the child‘s body. The most common doctor’s recommendation is to take antibiotics. Also, a tetanus shot is prescribed for those children who have not been vaccinated against this disease before. Rabies vaccinations are also given if necessary. This decision can only be made by a qualified healthcare professional.
Possible consequences of a cat bite
The most common consequences of a cat bite are:
- scars and scars;
- bacterial infections;
If the child has strong immunity, then the body will be able to cope with infections. In this case, the consequences of the bite will be minimal. Special care and attention should be exercised if the child has one of the following conditions:
- liver disease;
- the presence of an articular prosthesis in the area of the bite;
- vascular disease;
- immunity disorders and immunodeficiency.
If, after a bite, an infection was found in a child (staphylococcus, streptococcus, pasteurella, corynebacterium, neisseria), you should not take it lightly. It is necessary to follow all the doctor’s recommendations in order to get rid of the infection as soon as possible. The bacteria cause inflammation not only in the area of injury, but also spread throughout the body and affect various organs and tissues.
One of the most severe consequences of infections after a cat bite include:
- damage to bones, joints, tendons;
- blood poisoning;
- renal failure;
- inflammation of the periosteum;
- inflammation of the respiratory system;
- purulent diseases of the skin;
- tissue necrosis.
Particular attention should be paid to careful diagnosis and the correct choice of treatment if the child has been bitten by a stray and / or old animal. Stray animals eat food that is spoiled and may contain various bacteria. In older cats, the teeth are covered with plaque, and the saliva contains urea and a large number of pathogenic bacteria.
Even if the child‘s wound healing after a bite proceeds normally and without visible consequences, you should still seek medical help. If the cat was infected with rabies, then this disease can manifest itself in a child in a week, before that without giving himself away in any way. However, the onset of rabies symptoms means there is little or no chance of a cure.
It should be remembered that the animal may not be visually visible that it is sick with rabies. Often the disease does not manifest itself in any way until the last stages.
Bacteria can be found in saliva even in a domestic and seemingly healthy cat.
What to do if a cat has bitten a child?
No owner is immune to pet bites. An adult knows how to deal with this situation and what to do afterwards. But children are much more vulnerable, and if a cat has bitten a child, parents can panic and blame themselves and the cat. Is it worth worrying if the baby is bitten by a purr, how it can be dangerous and how to avoid the consequences?
First aid for children with a cat bite can be provided independently at home. But you should not put a tight bandage over the wound site. Also, a bandage is not necessary if there is no bleeding and the wound is not wet.
Necessary first aid measures after a bite:
Treatment of Cat bites
- Wash the wound with warm water and laundry soap to cleanse the animal’s saliva and possible bacteria.
- Treat the bite wound with hydrogen peroxide or alcohol (if not, vodka).
- Stop the bleeding. If the bleeding is venous, you will have to apply a tight bandage and immediately seek medical help. If blood stops quickly (10-15 minutes), do not apply a tight bandage.
- Treat the tissue around the damage with alcohol, iodine or brilliant green.
- Apply an antibacterial ointment or powder.
- Apply a light bandage from a sterile bandage to the wound to protect the injury site from additional injury and contamination.
How to avoid being bitten
It is not possible to completely avoid pet bites. Cats and dogs bite their owners‘ hands and fingers while playing. But such bites are usually quite light and shallow, because the animal does not feel real danger and does not seek to harm its owners. To avoid a situation where a child has been severely bitten by an animal and there is already a potential threat to health, attention should be paid to the living conditions and upbringing of the animal, as well as instilling in children the rules for dealing with smaller brothers.
When a cat gets into a family as a kitten, he grows up and gets used to the rules established in this house. Therefore, it is important to pay due attention to raising a small kitten. This will help avoid aggressive and predatory behavior on the part of the older pet. Cats have quite developed hunting instincts, and their games are often associated with attacks, attacks, biting and releasing claws. Therefore, from an early age, you need to make it clear to the cat that you need to limit yourself in manifestations of aggression, even during active games.
It is also important to remember that cats need to have their own place, a secluded corner. The animal needs solitude and peace, its own territory, where it can be completely safe.
If there is a child in the family, then he needs to be explained that the cat is the same living being as he is. A child should not play with an animal like a soft toy, pulling it by different parts of the body or dragging it somewhere against its will. In this case, the animal may not restrain its instinctive defensive reactions, inflict a bite and scratch the child. It should be explained to the child that the cat, despite its cute appearance, is a natural dangerous predator.
You should be careful when dealing with unfamiliar animals. This is not even about street cats, but about cats that can live at home with friends and acquaintances. It is natural for children to show interest in animals. But for the pets of your friends and acquaintances, you and the child are strangers who have fallen into his territory and encroach on it and his safety. Therefore, you should only touch and try to play with someone else’s cat with the permission and under the supervision of its owners. This will help avoid sudden attacks and bites.