The main causes of injuries on the front, hind legs
An active and mobile dog can break a claw in a wide variety of situations. while chasing a cat or in a fight with relatives, with an unsuccessful jump from a height. A common cause of injury is the tendency of many dogs to dig holes in hard ground, sand. Catching onto driftwood, bumping paws on solid objects, stones, bricks are the first to withstand claws and break.
Old animals are predisposed to an orthopedic problem due to the development of dryness not only of the skin, but also of the stratum corneum. Brittle and dry claws break off sooner or later.
pets in a dry environment, especially in winter when central heating is on, is often accompanied by trauma to the claws. As a rule, the additional claws of the dog are subject to the problem, since the support claws are grinded naturally and do not stick out to the sides.
Veterinary experts believe that an unbalanced diet and the presence of diseases of the endocrine system and internal organs can lead to damage. So, with a deficiency of vitamin A, biotin, B vitamins, zinc, selenium, iron, there is a stratification of the stratum corneum, dry and brittle nails.
The dog’s “manicure” also suffers from diseases of the thyroid gland, disorders of mineral metabolism, pathologies of the liver.
We recommend reading about how to stop bleeding in your dog. From the article you will learn how to stop stomach bleeding, bleeding from the mouth, nose, nail and uterus.
When to help yourself, and when you can’t do without a veterinarian if the dog has damaged a claw
One of the common orthopedic injuries in four-legged friends is a broken claw. Damage is often accompanied by bleeding, soreness, and requires immediate intervention. An attentive owner should be able to provide first aid to the pet and know what measures will help prevent the problem.
Preventing damage to your dog’s nails
Given the prevalence of the problem, veterinarians-orthopedists and experienced dog breeders recommend that owners of four-legged friends adhere to the following rules for care and maintenance:
- Regularly trim overgrown nails. The overgrown stratum corneum clings to hard surfaces and sooner or later will lead to injury. Neglecting this simple hygiene procedure will save your dog from painful injuries.
- The manipulation should be carried out using a special tool for trimming animals. The clipper should be made of high quality metal, which will prevent the occurrence of burrs and delamination when trimming the nail. Particular attention should be paid to additional claws, which, due to physiological characteristics, grow faster.
- The animal’s diet must be balanced in nutrients, vitamins and trace elements.
- In winter, when keeping dogs in heated rooms, it is recommended to humidify the air using an air conditioning system and spray guns.
We recommend reading about eye injury in a dog. From the article you will learn about the causes of eye injuries in dogs, types of injuries, diagnosis of the condition of the cornea and other parts of the eye, treatment.
And here is more about how to treat a dog’s wound.
A broken claw causes serious trouble for a four-legged friend in the form of bleeding and soreness. The owner’s task is to be able to competently provide the animal with first aid and deliver it to the clinic as soon as possible. A veterinary examination is necessary if there is bleeding from a wound, severe lameness and pain.
Treatment consists in complete or partial removal of the damaged nail, stopping bleeding and antiseptic treatment of the wound.
Symptoms that the dog has broken a claw
Trauma received by animals, as a rule, does not go unnoticed by attentive owners. An animal that has previously been carelessly running for a walk or indoors begins to limp. The dog tries not to step on the injured limb, keeps it suspended. Many individuals try to lick the painful area. Due to the fact that claws in animals are equipped with blood vessels, their damage is most often accompanied by bleeding.
Upon visual inspection, the owner will find that the nail is either broken or completely torn out of the nail fold. Examine the damage very carefully, since the slightest touch brings the pet severe pain.
Seeing your veterinarian for a claw injury
Given the complex structure of the claws, their proximity to bone formations, the risk of infection and the development of inflammation of the surrounding tissues, after providing first aid, the animal must be delivered to a specialized institution. Qualified help is needed for persistent bleeding, severe lameness that does not go away over time.
You should also consult a veterinarian if the claw is damaged in the immediate vicinity of the paw.
During the examination, the doctor will first of all clean the wound, carry out an antiseptic treatment. In case of severe pain, the animal will be sedated to remove the broken claw. The manipulation is carried out with a special surgical instrument, which allows the damaged claw to be cut off quickly and without stratification of the stratum corneum. Then the bleeding is stopped and an aseptic bandage is applied to the paw.
Orthopedic trauma in an animal is associated with severe pain. In some cases, the veterinarian uses painkillers to reduce the suffering of the pet. Baralgin, Spazgan.
With the threat of penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into deeply located tissues, a fluffy patient is prescribed a course of antibacterial drugs. For prophylactic purposes, antibiotics with a wide spectrum of action are used. Baytril, Cobactan, Cefatoxim.
Recommendations for further treatment of the wound surface depend on the degree of damage. As a rule, care consists in applying an anti-inflammatory ointment to the wound, for example, Levomycetinova, Ichthyolova, Vishnevsky liniment.
The animal should be given complete rest, the duration of walks should be reduced. To speed up wound healing, a veterinarian may recommend enriching the pet’s diet with vitamins A and E, biotin, selenium, zinc, sulfur with the help of multivitamin and mineral supplements.
For information on what can happen if you do not remove a broken claw from a dog, see this
First aid: what pain reliever to give, how to treat
Having discovered an injury, the owner must competently provide first aid to a four-legged friend. If the damage is accompanied by bleeding, then first of all, measures are taken to eliminate it. A restless individual is best examined with a helper who will firmly hold the dog during manipulations.
First, you need to inspect the wound for the presence of foreign objects in it. glass and metal fragments, wood chips, splinters, thorns, sharp thorns, pine or spruce needles, plant seeds.
Bleeding in case of damage to the claw can be removed in several ways: using a hemostatic pencil, hydrogen peroxide, baby powder, potassium permanganate solution. To stop bleeding as soon as possible, a pressure bandage made of bandage or gauze is applied.
The most crucial moment in providing first aid to an animal is the removal of a broken nail. If the injury occurred closer to the end of the horny formation, then you can break off the damaged area using special nail clippers. With a nail clipper, you should remove the hanging fragment with a quick but confident movement.
As a rule, such manipulation is painful for the dog, but the pain is instantaneous. If the damage is located near the base of the claw, you should not perform the manipulation yourself.
The owner’s next step should be to prevent contamination of the open injury with infectious agents. A feature of the anatomical structure of the claw is its connection with the bone structures of the limb.
Therefore, it is important to keep dirt out of the wound. To this end, the owner must perform an antiseptic treatment of the damaged area. This can be done using antibacterial compounds. Miramistin, Chlorhexidine solution, Furacilin. If the first-aid kit has a special iodine-based wound remedy. Monclavit, then its simple and convenient use will facilitate antiseptic treatment.
If possible, an open injury can be sprinkled with streptocide powder. If you have an anti-inflammatory ointment at hand, for example, Levomikol, Tetracycline, then you can use a creamy form of antiseptic. The paw should be placed in a clean cotton sock or bandaged to avoid wound infection.
For information on how to properly trim the claws of a dog, see this
Why is a broken claw such a problem??
Dogs’ claws protect some of the large blood vessels, which are covered with a layer of hard material called keratin. A dog’s nails are not living tissue, so clipping them is not painful for your pet. The claws are also attached to the bone, so any damage could lead to an infection, which can be very serious.
Typically, each front leg has 5 claws and 4 claws on each hind leg, but sometimes the extra claw is higher on the leg. All but the extra nails are usually worn out if the dog is walking on hard surfaces, making trimming unnecessary. Extra claws do not wear out and should be trimmed more often as they are more prone to breaking.
What to do if a dog breaks a claw?
If your dog whines in pain and suddenly starts limping or holding his paw, check that paw for claw integrity and follow these steps:
The damaged part of the claw must be carefully removed. This procedure is often very painful, but it goes away rather quickly and, as a rule, does not require sedatives. Removing the damaged part of the nail will provide a good foundation for future growth.
- Protecting the claw root from infection. Your veterinarian will apply an antibiotic ointment or powder to the root of the claw and bandage the leg to prevent contamination and minimize further bleeding. Oral or injectable antibiotics may also be prescribed. Since the claw is attached to the bone, preventing infection is key.
- Reduced pain. Without claw protection, delicate tissue, including blood vessels and nerves, becomes painful. Your veterinarian may prescribe pain relievers for a few days to give your dog some comfort.
Why do claws break?
Dogs break their claws due to entanglement in carpets, upholstery, grass roots, etc. Or the dog can jump off the chair or down the porch in such a way that the claw bends and breaks. Sometimes the claws of older pets can become so dry that they become brittle and break very easily. Longer claws tend to catch and break more often than short ones. Regardless of the cause, a broken claw hurts and bleeds and therefore requires an immediate response.
First aid for a dog that broke a claw
Oh! How can such a small injury cause such intense pain? A small tear in a tiny claw on one toe can be excruciatingly painful. The pain from a broken claw can be so severe that it will cause a large and brave dog to literally “kneel”. Any breed, large or small, will limp and whine in discomfort. In addition, the bleeding that accompanies the injury further complicates matters.
How to help your dog avoid claw breaking?
It is important to keep all of your dog’s nails clipped to reduce the chances of a claw breaking. Short claws break much less often than long ones. Ask your veterinarian about the correct pruning technique to trim your nails at home.
Keep grooming your dog’s claws on your to-do list, along with walking and bathing, so you can prevent any incidents involving your dog’s claws.
Dog Care. Broken and Bleeding Toe Nail
What is the danger
If a dog’s claw breaks off, then such an injury is actually not as harmless as it might seem. What the owner should definitely not do is ignore the situation. Most importantly, the situation becomes more difficult if there is heavy bleeding. As already mentioned, a large number of blood vessels are collected inside the claw. In addition, there is a connection with the bone, due to which an infection can enter the body. If nothing is done, it can turn into inflammation, blood poisoning, and so on.
What are the symptoms of a broken claw
If a dog’s nail is broken, it will be easy to notice. First of all, the behavior of the pet changes. The animal usually begins to limp, bends the injured paw, may whine, or simply does not get up from its place.
All this suggests that the owner should pay attention and examine his pet. In addition, if a dog’s nail comes off under the root, this will inevitably be accompanied by bleeding. The thing is that in this case, the blood vessels will be affected.
Visual inspection will show two pictures: in the first case, the nail is broken, or cracked in the middle. The second option is possible if the dog tore off the claw completely. Then he will simply be absent from the bosom.
What to do first
Answering the question: if a dog pulled out a claw on its paw, what to do, the answer will be one. it is necessary to help the animal. First of all, you need to eliminate bleeding, if any. In the event that the animal is nervous or shows aggression, it is recommended to seek help.
It is worth carefully examining the wound and making sure that there are no foreign objects in it, otherwise they will need to be removed. Blood stops in several ways. This is done with the help of special medical devices (for example, peroxide), baby powder, and so on. In addition, the wound can be simply bandaged, which will undoubtedly help.
If a dog’s nail is cracked, it will definitely need to be removed. Do not leave the damaged area. It is best to do this with special scissors, quickly and confidently.
Of course, the dog will whine or growl, but this must be done. In addition, the painful sensations pass quickly enough when everything is done correctly. It is impossible to break the appendix with your hands, and even more so to tear it out.
First aid is necessary for the animal in any case.
What not to do
What should not be done if a dog’s claw is broken? First of all, you should not take any action on your own if the blood is too strong, the animal shows signs of anxiety, whines and cannot step on a limb.
In such cases, the pet needs professional help from a veterinarian. In no case should you delay with this. The animal must be taken to the clinic as soon as possible, where the doctor can examine and treat the damaged part, and if necessary, issue an anesthetic.
If the nail is broken at the root
If a dog’s claw is ripped out, what to do? The situation will be essentially the same. The person is required to provide first aid, carefully treat the wound, and then take the pet to the doctor.
The actions of the owner, when a layer or the entire nail is torn out at the root, should be as follows:
- It is necessary to gently rinse the animal’s paw with warm water.
- Treat the wound with a special substance.
- Tie a bandage to prevent further infection.
- Show the dog to the doctor.
Do I need to go to the doctor
As already mentioned, if a dog’s claw is cracked or completely broken, a visit to the vet is a must. This is especially true for situations where the injury occurred in the immediate vicinity of the animal’s paw.
The doctor will be able to assess the extent of the damage, treat the wound with antiseptic agents and issue pain relievers if necessary. In addition, the damaged part of the nail can be removed. With special tools, the doctor can remove half of the claw without damaging the upper part and, accordingly, preventing delamination.
You definitely need to take the dog to the vet.
Why is this happening
Before considering the situation when the dog broke a nail at the base and, accordingly, what to do about it, it is worth understanding how this could happen in general. First of all, it is worthwhile to understand that most of these situations occur with pets that lead an active lifestyle and are themselves quite mobile.
If the dog broke a claw, it could be because the animal was digging a hole in hard or rocky soil, chasing a cat, and so on. Even during a normal walk, the pet can catch on a brick, piece of iron or any other solid object.
In addition, if a dog’s claw has fallen out, this is also associated with physical changes, worsening of the condition due to age-related changes. It should be understood that with age, the number of injuries will be more frequent. Therefore, you should not be surprised that the dog breaks the nail for the fifth time in a row.
Walking can be easily injured.
What not to do
You can not try to handle a broken claw yourself, if there is heavy bleeding, the animal cannot step on its paw and whines loudly. In such cases, the dog should be shown to the veterinarian immediately. He will be able to professionally remove a piece of a claw and prescribe a course of drugs that prevent suppuration and relieve pain. These are antibiotics and pain relievers.
A bandage made of elastic bandage is applied to the place of the fracture, which must be constantly changed within ten days. You can put on a tight sock on the bandage so that the four-legged friend does not take it off.
If the dog has broken a claw to the point of bleeding, the paw should be carefully examined. The animal will pull out, may bite, so you need to hold it tightly, trying not to cause discomfort.
- The first step is to stop the bleeding. The injured paw is bandaged so that the bandage stops the blood. If it continues to flow, the broken claw is treated with a styptic. These sticks and powders are available from veterinary pharmacies. In their absence, ordinary flour, hydrogen peroxide, a solution of potassium permanganate or a soap solution, in which the tip of a broken claw is kept for five minutes, is suitable.
- When the blood stops, you need to remove the broken piece with scissors. This is a painful procedure, so it must be done quickly. It is needed so that the damaged claw can grow quickly without causing inflammation.
Then the wound is smeared with brilliant green. In the presence of injuries on the pad of the paw, a cotton swab with levomekol is applied to them. To prevent the pet from licking wounds, a protective collar must be worn around the neck.
Is it dangerous if a dog breaks a claw
The claws of four-legged friends serve as protection for a number of large blood vessels. They are composed of creatine and are not classified as soft living tissues. The claws can be trimmed without harming the animal, but this should be done carefully and competently. If the owners of the dogs do not watch them, the likelihood of injury to the claws increases. If the vessels are affected, there is a risk of severe bleeding and infection. The animal in this case needs the help of a specialist.
When a dog breaks a claw at the root, there is a threat of infection of the limb bone. This is a difficult case that can lead to the disability of the pet and even death. You cannot wait for the injured area to heal. It is necessary to contact a veterinarian who will prescribe a set of measures for treating a pet.
A dog broke a claw. how to avoid infection
Dog owners are sometimes faced with the fact that a four-legged pet has broken a claw. Even minor trauma is accompanied by severe pain. The animal whines, limps, loses appetite, refuses to walk. What to do if the dog breaks its claw and is it dangerous. we will consider in the article.
How to prevent injury
Usually dogs break their claws when they are too long. To avoid this, claws need to be regularly trimmed or done so that they are grinded on walks. Do not think that scrapping them is a rare injury. It happens often and sometimes ends in failure. It is better to spend money and time visiting a specialist who can carefully trim the claws than not treating the pet.
If the dog lives in an apartment, they grow quickly, they can curl and grow into the paw pads. In aging animals, the claws become fragile, exfoliate, become covered with burrs. When running and with sudden movements, they instantly break or are uprooted. There is a high likelihood of damage to the blood vessels. It is important for owners to react instantly and take action. Otherwise, the dog will lick the wound and prevent it from healing. There are severe cases in which you have to remove the entire finger.
Watch your pet’s nails and avoid overgrowing them. You can trim the claws yourself, but it is better to entrust the procedure to a trusted veterinarian who will carry it out carefully, without pain and complications. Regular “dog manicure” will save your pet from injuries and all problems associated with long claws.
The dog broke a claw, what to do
If you ever encounter bleeding from an injury to your dog’s claws, it is important not to get confused and get help quickly. The most common nail injury is a fracture. In this case, the dog experiences severe pain, resists and also panics.
How to remove a fragment of a broken claw
Removing fragments of the damaged nail is important to prevent further injury and to ensure that the new growing nail develops without disturbance. Try to remove the remaining claw only if you are sure of it and see and what you are doing!
Also, if your dog looks very scared, aggressive, or shocked (distant), it’s best to stop the bleeding and see your veterinarian. When the dog recovers from the shock, it will begin to resist and will associate the resulting pain with you.
Getting the dog to stay still and letting him help calmly is the most difficult task. All methods are good here, from “pressure” by authority to outright bribery.
How to stop bleeding
To stop bleeding, it is better to use a special powder or pencil (hemostatic drugs).
If there are no special drugs, you can use:
- A paste made from cornstarch, flour, baking soda and water.
- Pressure bandage.
Stopping bleeding with pressure is effective, but precautions must be taken. The bandage cannot be kept for more than 40 minutes and must be controlled so that the paw does not get cold.
How to help your dog at home?
When a dog is in pain, it may not behave quite adequately, so it is advisable to use:
- Durable gloves.
First of all, inspect the damaged area. Try not to touch your paw more than necessary during this step. The goal is to determine if there is a hanging claw fragment that needs to be removed.
If the broken or cracked claw is still in place, you will need to remove it. Better to use sharp scissors. Be prepared for increased bleeding when the claw fragment is removed.
Signs of a claw injury
If your dog breaks a claw, chances are good that you will know about it right away. Along with a tendency to bleed profusely, a ruptured nail plate will cause the dog to squeak, raise its paw, etc.
The claw itself can be completely torn off or dangling. In the latter case, the dog may chew off the remainder of the broken claw to relieve pain. In addition, a fragment of a claw can catch on any surface, leading to injury to the finger and aggravated bleeding.
Note! Bleeding from a fracture of a claw is not as profuse as it seems. Firstly, the blood vessels are bleeding, not the arteries, and secondly, the area of damage is not so large that the dog would be significantly affected by blood loss.
A fracture of the claw causes the nail bed to open. The bed is a sensitive area that quickly becomes infected.
Cleaning and disinfection
Cleaning and disinfection of the wound can only be started after the bleeding has completely stopped. If you do not have a pharmacy antiseptic, you can use a mild sea salt solution. The wound cannot be treated with iodine, alcohol and brilliant green!
You cannot do without the help of a veterinarian if:
- Dirt got into the injured claw. earth, sand, various chemicals, feces.
- There is a foreign object in the wound. a splinter, grass, small stones.
- Bleeding does not stop for more than 10 minutes.
- The dog has lost more than 50 ml of blood.
- The paw is noticeably swollen.
- The external temperature of the limb has changed.
- The skin on the paw turned blue.
- The dog cannot calm down. howls, whines, rushes.
- In addition to the claw, the finger is damaged.
After treatment, the wound must be protected from licking and contamination. To prevent the dog from licking its paw or removing the bandage, you need to use an Elizabethan collar.
The bandage is worn on an ongoing basis only for the first day, after the wound it is necessary to give the opportunity to “breathe”. It is strongly not recommended to wet the wound until it is completely healed. To protect paws in rainy weather, you need to use oilcloth or rubber covers.
What to do if the dog won’t cut its claws
Does your dog refuse to cut its claws? Believe me, she is not alone in her “beliefs.” Many tetrapods hide or run from the room at the sight of a claw cutter. Grooming can be a hell of a lot if the dog clicks, growls, or tries to bite the owner.
How to Reduce Your Dog’s Stress While Clipping
What if the dog is afraid to cut its claws? The process of training a haircut is lengthy, but what to do if the claws are already too long?
If the dog’s nails are growing rapidly, the above methods are almost ineffective. Your task will reduce stress. stop using classic scissors and claws. To accomplish this task, you can train your dog to use a special sander.
Why the problem cannot be ignored
Many owners put up with the phobia of the pet and stop cutting their claws. But sooner or later, long claws will cause discomfort and pain, but by that time, the haircut will become a “mission impossible”.
To trim the claws of a hysterically scared dog has to resort to the use of sedatives. This is a warranted measure as the stress caused by clipping the nails does more harm than the side effects of sedatives.
To avoid problems with the haircut, the dog needs to be taught to the procedure from puppyhood.
Why long claws are a problem
Fear of nail clipping is a very common problem that wearers face. Fear can range from mild dislike to full-blown tantrum, depending on the dog.
What happens if the owner resigns himself to the fear of the dog and stops cutting his nails? Overgrowth of claws affects the dog’s posture, which ultimately leads to joint problems and arthritis. Dogs with long claws are often injured. The long claw becomes looser, so the chance of cracking, chipping and breakage increases.
A sander. an alternative to a haircut
- The clipper can be used to process the claws of animals of all sizes. However, attachments must be individual.
- The machine copes with claws of any thickness and stiffness.
- There are no risks of crushing the claw when grinding.
- No burrs, cracks or other damage remains on the claw.
- Grinding can not only shorten, but also polish the nails so that the dog does not cling to the litter or other surfaces.
- Doesn’t make harsh noises. the cause of panic in most dogs who are afraid to cut their nails.
The next step is to develop an action plan. Keep in mind that training a dog with a phobia is a long process and you will have to “work” with your dog’s comfort and stress levels.
Step # 1: The first part of the process involves getting the dog to get used to having its claws handled. You don’t need to use any special tools at this stage. While touching the dog’s paws, run your hand over the claws and fingers. When the pet begins to calmly relate to these manipulations, you need to start gently tapping on the claws with something safe (pencil, spoon, etc.). Whenever your dog responds calmly or interested, praise him. Any signs of stress at this stage should be considered immediately. If at the first step the dog develops negative associations, the rest of the process is useless.
Step # 2. Introduce your dog to the sander, but don’t turn it on. Keep the car in a prominent place for your pet to inspect. Repeat step one, but try touching the dog’s claws with the machine turned off. If the pet reacts calmly, go to the next step.
Step number 3. Turn on the machine in the next room, leave it on the table and go to the dog. Watch the reaction, if the dog is calm, move the machine closer and turn it on again. Start at a low speed so that your pet is not intimidated by the “hum”. Let your pet rest and repeat step two. touch the nail file to the claws while the machine is turned off. After that, remove the claw from the claw and run it at low revs. Calm and praise your pet constantly! After 1–2 weeks, your dog will know that you will not harm him. From this point on, you can begin to process the dog’s claws, but not more than one per day.
Some dog claw injuries can be treated at home if your dog allows it, but veterinary treatment can reduce the chance of infection and also make it easier to remove the damaged claw. Depending on the degree of damage to the claw, it is often sufficient to remove the claw. This is easiest to do with a nail trimmer. After removing the broken part, the veterinarian may apply a temporary bandage to stop the bleeding. He may also prescribe an antibiotic to rule out infection.
If you are trying to treat your dog at home, remember that an injured claw hurts your dog and you must take care to avoid being bitten.
- The bleeding must be stopped first. You can use silver nitrate or a styptic pencil. You can use potassium permanganate crystals. If you don’t have any of these, try starch or flour. Placing these substances on a bleeding claw should stop the bleeding.
- Removing the damaged claw is the most difficult stage. Often the broken off part of the claw can be removed by hand, or you can use a dog’s claw trimmer and simply bite the claw with it at the injury site. Remember that this will hurt your dog for a second. If the damage to the claw has occurred very close to its base, then you can not use the trimmer, contact your veterinarian for treatment. The last bone of each toe is very close to the beginning of the claw. Without proper experience, you can do much more harm to your dog than you think.
- If you’ve successfully removed the damaged part of the claw, gently rinse the area with warm water to remove any debris between the toes. Then apply a temporary bandage if necessary to stop the bleeding. Try not to overtighten the bandage so as not to disrupt blood circulation in the paw. Leave the bandage on for 12 to 24 hours.
- If you are unsure about caring for a damaged claw, see your veterinarian. Leaving the injured claw to heal on its own (which will not happen), or waiting for it to grow back on its own is a bad option. This will cause discomfort for the dog, as well as provoke possible repeated nail injuries.
What to do if your dog has damaged a claw
(c) Veterinary Center for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Animals “Zoostatus”.
Suddenly, you notice blood on the dog’s paw, it limps and licks its paw. On examination, the reason becomes clear. a damaged claw. Claw problems, especially a torn or broken claw, are common in dogs and are rarely life-threatening. However, it is usually very painful.
The claws often catch on fabric or carpets, and in an attempt to break free, the dog can injure or pull the claw. You may not notice this until blood appears or the dog begins to limp or whine. Untreated, the injured claw can bleed intermittently and become infected, not to mention causing pain and discomfort to your dog.
The best preventive measure is to trim your dog’s nails frequently. Regrown claws are often damaged.
What to do if your dog has damaged a claw. video interview with a veterinarian:
- wash the wound;
- treat with peroxide;
- stop bleeding;
- tie a bandage around your paw to prevent infection;
- go to the veterinary clinic.
For any of these injuries, after first aid, it is necessary to apply an antibiotic ointment or powder to the root of the claw and bandage it with a bandage. Change such dressings about three times a day for a week or two.
If the dog has ripped off the bandage and is constantly trying to lick the wound, then there are two options. The first is to put on the pet a special cone, which does not allow the tongue to reach the wound. The second is to fasten the bandage around the neck, and put on a tight sock on the paw, tied with an elastic bandage.
ATTENTION! When you give first aid to a dog that has damaged its claws, it is unlikely to sit still. Usually the pet breaks free, runs away, sometimes even tries to bite the owner. No matter how kind a dog is, its behavior in times of severe pain can be unpredictable.
Be prepared for this course of events, for any procedure, especially causing discomfort and pain, keep your pet in a tight hug. This way he will not be able to escape and, most importantly, he will feel safe.
Check out the video on how to stop a dog from bleeding from a claw:
What can be observed as a result of injury
There are a lot of options for trauma to the claws, but in the end you can see the following:
- Fracture in the shearing zone, when there is room to the pulp and the blood vessel is not injured.
- Damage in the zone of pulp passage.
- The claw breaks at the root.
The first case is the easiest option for the dog owner, just cut off a piece of claw and smooth the edges with a nail file.
The other two options require the presence of a veterinarian. The danger of self-manipulation is that blood vessels pass through the pulp and any injuries in the area of the fingers are very bloody. The breeder will not always be able to stop the bleeding himself.
If it breaks in half or a piece falls off
- rinse the paw with purified water. this is necessary so that dirt does not get into the wound, because it is important to prevent the development of pus;
- treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide;
- further process with brilliant green;
- if there is blood after she broke it, stop the bleeding using a bandage, gauze or towel as a pressure bandage;
- remove the part of the claw that was damaged, it can interfere with the pet, give him discomfort or even pain;
- attach a tampon with Levomekol ointment and bandage the paw.
It is recommended to contact a veterinary clinic.
In the vet. the first-aid kit must necessarily contain disinfecting (for example, hydrogen peroxide, iodine, green tea), hemostatic (hemostatic pencil or ordinary baby powder; also, if they are not available, you can use flour) and pain relievers (ibuprofen, naprockfen, aspirin).
Why is this happening?
The dog can claw its claw on the carpet, upholstery, or protruding roots of plants. She can also jump unsuccessfully, and the claw will twist and break from the impact. It is even easier to get damaged if the dog is already old. In this case, the nails become dry, brittle and brittle. The chance of injury is even higher if the claws of the animal are long. These are more likely to cling and injure.
How to FIX a dog’s Broken Nail at Home! (American Bully)
How to avoid problems?
The structure of a dog’s claw is much more complex than that of many other animals and, even more so, than the structure of a nail in humans. If you do not go into details, you can divide it into the nail bed, or, in other words, the pulp (inner layer) and the keratin sheath, which is located outside.
When undercutting, it is very important not to touch the pulp, but to cut off the outer layer, while parallel to the floor, so that the dog is comfortable walking.
If your pet’s claws are not colored, then it will be easy for you to determine the boundary of the layers, and therefore to carry out a high-quality undercut. You can see the pulp by placing the dog on its back and looking at the paw from the inside.
If they are colored, then this border may not be visible, which complicates the process. Remember that you should only cut off the keratinized tip of the claw, being careful not to touch the soft tissues.
IMPORTANT! If you do touch the pulp, treat the wound immediately. It is easy to notice the damage. the claw will begin to bleed, and the pet will pull out due to the pain inflicted.
You will have to practice for a while before the procedure begins to be carried out by you properly and is perceived by the animal calmly. Of course, if you are afraid of the type of blood (being inexperienced, you can touch the capillaries), you are afraid to harm the pet by doing something wrong, then it would be most optimal to contact a specialist.
What to do if a dog breaks a claw?
Often, if the jump is unsuccessful, the crust is too hard, or when walking on a hard, uneven surface, the dog can break (rip off) the claw. The initial problem is that the owner does not devote enough time to “dog manicure” and ignores the regular clipping of the nails.
What if the dog breaks a claw or rips it off completely? Veterinarians of the DobroVet Exhibition Center will tell you about the sequence of events and the most common mistakes made by breeders.
What to do after visiting a doctor?
The main thing for the wearer to do is to prevent the dressing from being removed if needed. This is quite difficult to do, as the dog is constantly trying to remove the bandages and lick the wound.
Round-the-clock control is almost impossible, some, especially cunning pets, find secluded places so that the owner does not prevent them from removing the bandages and enthusiastically licking the wound clean, despite the fact that the doctor treated it with an antiseptic and wound-healing ointment.
In this case, only a protective collar will help, it will partially block access to the wound surface and allow it to heal.
So that the question never arises of what to do if the dog has broken a claw, it is important to trim them in a timely manner with special tongs (claw cutter) for clipping the claws. You can do it yourself if you understand the main principle of pruning. carefully, without damaging the body of the claw and a blood vessel.
The easiest way will be for owners of dogs with transparent claws. the pulp shines through them, greatly facilitating manipulation. Dogs with black claws have a harder time, so it’s better to entrust claw trimming to a professional.
Fact! If the dog is hurt at least once, further claw trimming will become a constant problem. It is important to find “your” doctor who has experience in such manipulation and does it masterly, without causing injury.
The question of “dog manicure” is a problem for the owner, caring for a dog is a necessity throughout all the years of a pet’s life. The more you pay attention to it, the less problems there will be in the future.
Veterinary center “DobroVet”
You can make an appointment with a veterinarian at the DobroVet Exhibition Center, cut a dog’s claws or eliminate the consequences of an injury by calling 8 (495) 747-50-50, around the clock.