The first stage of labor lasts more than 12 hours
The first stage of labor. this is the stage when the bitch becomes restless, can choke, start digging, she can vomit. The first stage is also characterized by dilatation of the cervix.
The Miniature Poodle began to show signs of anxiety, but nothing happened for the next two days. Then the first contractions of the uterus appeared, but after 12 hours labor did not begin. X-rays showed that the dog was carrying 9 puppies, which meant that even with independent childbirth, the dog most likely would not be able to give birth to all of them. It was decided to carry out a caesarean, as a result of which eight out of 9 puppies were born alive.
The second stage of labor with strong and continuous contractions lasts more than 30 minutes
Dachshund was in the second stage of labor with violent contractions for 45 minutes. X-rays showed that the skulls of the three puppies were probably too large to pass through her pelvis. The caesarean section showed that the puppy was actually stuck in the birth canal. X-rays did not show that this puppy, who was dead, was huge (its organs and tissues were pumped with fluid, so it turned out to be very large). Two other puppies survived after cesarean.
The due date has passed
X-rays showed that the unusual Doberman Pinscher was pregnant with only one puppy. The due date for her delivery was over, but nothing happened. However, the owner does not know the exact day of ovulation, which means that the exact date of delivery is not known.
Changes in blood progesterone levels, which only rise before ovulation, can give an idea of when labor will occur, as the hormone levels drop in advance. The decrease in progesterone is also stimulated by hormones secreted by the fetus, but when there is only one puppy, this may not be enough to start the process. Another problem with a single puppy is that they are often very large, which can also complicate childbirth.
With the measurement of progesterone levels, the dog owner would know for sure that the fetus is fully ripe on day 65 after ovulation. Without it, on day 72, it would undoubtedly be too late. In the case of the Doberman Pinscher, caesarean on day 69 provided a large and mature puppy.
Caesarean section in dogs. what to do if the dog cannot give birth
Should a dog take so long to give birth? Straining so hard and even screaming? Can she fall asleep during labor? Maybe she needs a caesarean section?
There are no exact reasons for whether a dog will need a cesarean, but there is one rule: the sooner you realize that your dog has trouble giving birth and may need a cesarean, the better the chances that everything will be okay. The following situations may indicate that the dog needs veterinary attention.
Incorrect fruit position
The Australian Shepherd was in the second stage of contraction labor, but the puppy did not appear. The owner of the dog felt that there was only one leg of the puppy in the canal. The normal birthing position is head and front feet, or tail and hind feet. If the puppy’s limbs are bent, the head is tilted back or to the side, or the fetus comes out sideways, this can cause problems.
In the case of the dachshund, the manipulation of the fetus was too complicated. Caesarean section was the only way to keep the puppy, the dog, and the rest of the fetus.
A Saluki dog developed a greenish-yellow discharge from the vulva at 62 days of gestation. In the short term before delivery, it is normal for the discharge to be yellowish, which could indicate an infection, bleeding, or a dead fetus. X-rays and blood tests can narrow the cause of the pathology.
The owner of this dog took her to the vet for an emergency caesarean section. As a result, three puppies died, another died shortly after birth, but the cesarean saved one puppy and, probably, the life of the dog itself.
The Basset Hound, who gave birth to six puppies naturally, has finished giving birth. X-rays showed that the dog had at least 2 more puppies in the uterus. If a bitch has a particularly large litter, she may become too emaciated and exhausted. An oxytocin injection can probably help, but if the dog still has strength.
In the case of the Basset Hound, after three injections of oxytocin, only one puppy was born. After that, the remaining puppies could only be helped by a caesarean section, as a result of which two more healthy puppies were born.
Laxatives and enemas
The laxative is used as an express remedy to empty the intestines. It is impossible to resort to such treatment all the time. The use of laxatives is addictive, and the intestines cease to function normally. You can give your dog vegetable oil or magnesia.
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Vegetable oil can be given to your dog as a laxative.
The doctor may prescribe an enema to soften the stool and purify the bowel. To do this, you can use a rubber bulb or Esmarch mug. Decorative dogs need 200-300 ml of water, and large breeds will need about 1 liter.
- The water for the enema is boiled and cooled to 30 ° C.
- For an enema, you can use a decoction of chamomile or calendula. Before the introduction of the liquid into the anus, the tip is lubricated with petroleum jelly and the excess air is released from the pear.
- Then the tip is inserted into the anus and the broth is slowly injected into the intestines.
It is advisable to carry out the procedure with an assistant. Enema does not bring joy to the pet, so it can snarl or break out, and it is very easy to injure its anus.
During the enema, the animal is placed in a bath or basin so as not to stain the room with feces. After the procedure, it is advisable to go outside, where the pet can empty itself.
If the dog has worms, deworming drugs are prescribed. Puppies are prescribed Drontal Junior, a suspension that is injected into the mouth with a syringe without a needle. Older dogs are prescribed tablets: Azinox, Drontal Plus and others.
Azinox tablets are designed to remove worms.
It is recommended to remove worms from pets every quarter. Of course, if there are no signs of worms, and the pet is constantly walking under supervision and does not pick up anything from the ground, you can not poison him with pills. But still, once every six months, they carry out preventive cleaning, because the eggs of worms can be brought into a room with dirty shoes. To protect the liver during the expulsion of worms, hepatoprotectors are used.
Why a dog can’t go to the toilet in a big way?
The dog goes for a walk every day and the owner already knows exactly when it poops. Absence of stool for more than 2 days is considered a violation and requires immediate clarification of the reasons. You cannot let the disease take its course. Constipation is a violation of the process of defecation and there may be several reasons for it. Let’s consider them in more detail and give recommendations on how to act in this or that case.
If constipation is caused by improper diet, the specialist will give the following recommendations:
- With natural nutrition, vegetables and bran are added to the menu. Beets, carrots, pumpkin help to cleanse the intestines. Vegetables can be offered raw to the dog or boiled together with cereals.
- Exclude chicken bones completely. They are of no benefit, while they can cause obstruction or even perforation of the intestinal walls.
- Unsuitable dry food is replaced with another. If this does not help, transfer the animal to natural food.
- Fermented milk products are introduced into the pet’s diet.
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The veterinarian will first simply examine the animal and interview the owner. In some conditions, this is enough to make a diagnosis.
It is very important to note whether the animal has a urge to defecate or whether it does not try to go to the toilet for a long time at all. If there is a suspicion of internal diseases or the presence of a foreign object in the digestive tract, an x-ray is prescribed.
X-rays are prescribed if there is a suspicion of internal diseases.
For a more informative study, X-ray with contrast can be used. If the X-ray examination failed to see the exact cause, an ultrasound of the peritoneum is additionally prescribed.
Having found out the reason, the doctor will be able to prescribe treatment. Consider the main methods for eliminating constipation.
Errors in the diet lead to problems with defecation.
Many owners adore their four-legged pets so much that they feed them excessively and completely wrong. If a dog eats constantly steep broth, there is a lot of indigestible fiber in its diet, then there is nothing surprising in constipation. Overfeeding and low physical activity also contribute to problems with daily bowel movements.
Low physical activity is one of the causes of bowel problems.
If the dog eats exclusively dry food and is confronted with constipation, replace the usual food with another. Perhaps this particular food is not suitable for the pet.
If the stomach is clogged with bones or the pet has swallowed an inedible object, the help of a surgeon will be needed. It is impossible to remove bone fragments without surgery. They can injure the intestinal mucosa.
An inedible item can only be removed by surgery.
Reasons for a lack of bowel movement in dogs
Remember in detail what your dog ate the day before, what she used to eat in general, is there chicken bones in her diet.
Very often, the cause of constipation is precisely indigestible and indigestible objects that have entered the dog’s esophagus. Tubular bones must be completely eliminated from the diet of dogs.
Chicken bones are a common cause of constipation.
They are dangerous because they have sharp chips and can lead to perforation of the stomach or intestines. In addition, bones are not digested, but accumulate, which can cause constipation.
THE DOG DOESN’T WRITE. ANURIA
Anuria is the inability of the kidneys to produce urine. In healthy animals, the kidneys produce 1-2 ml of urine per kilogram of body weight every hour. If the kidneys produce less than 1 ml / kg / hour, then the animal has a reduced urine output. oliguria, if urine is not produced. anuria.
Anuria is a rather serious disease. Difficulty urinating may not only be due to anuria. This syndrome is also associated with urinary obstruction. Pets with anuria do not urinate and have no urge.
Anuria is a potentially fatal renal failure syndrome. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, you should contact your veterinarian.
A physical examination will help your veterinarian confirm suspicions of anuria. Animals are usually dull and dehydrated. Palpation of the abdomen can reveal an empty bladder and swollen and painful kidneys.
Anuria is diagnosed when urine is not produced. Finding the cause of acute renal failure can be difficult and requires the following tests: blood test, X-ray, ultrasound, complete blood count, and biopsy if needed.
In order to accurately determine the lack of urine production, the catheter can be inserted and observed. If urine is not produced and the diagnosis is anuria, treatment should be started immediately.
Anuria is often associated with acute renal failure. Obstruction of the urinary tract due to stones in the bladder results in an inability to urinate, but not due to an inability of the kidneys to produce urine. The difference between anuria and urinary tract obstruction is very important.
Causes of Acute Renal Failure: High blood pressure, alcohol, various medications, dehydration, bleeding, Edison’s syndrome, congestive heart failure, anesthesia, blood clots, and infections.
Lack of urination
Loss of appetite
When your dog has anuria and you, not knowing what to do, are looking for advice on this topic on the Internet on the forums, we recommend not to self-medicate and experiment on your beloved pet. The fact is that there are many reasons for anuria in an animal, and the consequences of your experiment can disappoint you and your family.
Inserting a catheter into the bladder to measure urine production will help with treatment.
Your veterinarian will make the necessary injections with extreme care to avoid harming your pet. An animal whose kidneys do not produce urine is unable to cope with a large amount of fluid. If the kidneys are able to process the injected fluid, it will be deposited in the tissue, which can cause body edema and weight gain.
Instead of injecting fluids, medications can be used to stimulate the production of urine. These medications affect the kidneys and urine production in different ways.
Mannitol. This drug will increase blood flow to the kidneys, which is likely to restore kidney function. Mannitol is not always used to treat anuria, some veterinarians prescribe other, more effective drugs.
Mannitol is slowly injected intravenously. If this works, it will start producing urine in 15-30 minutes. If this does not happen, the attempt should be repeated every 15 minutes, until the dose reaches the chapel. If this does not help, you should choose another drug.
Dextrose. The concentrated solution works in the same way as Mannitol, but urine is produced after 60 minutes. This drug is not often used in the treatment of anuria.
Furosemide. This medication affects renal function by enriching the renal tubules with sodium and calcium. This change in electrolytes can affect urine production. Furosemide is not recommended if antibiotics, aminoglycosides are used to treat acute renal failure.
After the introduction of Furosemide, urine should begin to be produced in 30-60 minutes, if not, then repeat the procedure. If there is no urine, repeat a third time, if this does not help after 30-60 minutes, choose another drug.
Dopamine. This medication dilates the blood vessels, which can start the production of urine. A permanent dropper of Dopamine is made and more than once, production should begin in 30-60 minutes. If the results are not visible after 6 hours, then, unfortunately, urine will not start to be produced.
Furosemide with Dopamine is known to work better than any other drug. After anuria has been confirmed, Dopamine is administered as a permanent drip, and Furosemide, in small doses, is injected intravenously every hour. If urine does not start to be produced after 6 hours, then the predictions are sad.
If drugs don’t work, dialysis should be considered. Unfortunately, dialysis for dogs is not as readily available as medical dialysis for humans. There are only a few places in the United States that have the necessary equipment. If medications do not help restore the functioning of the bladder, dialysis should be started immediately.
If no urine is produced 6 hours after the administration of drugs and fluids, recovery is unlikely. Consideration should be given to euthanasia.
Additional treatment can be carried out to eliminate the above causes of acute failure. But, unfortunately, if urine does not start to be produced and restored, the treatment of the above reasons will not give results, animals do not survive after their kidneys stop functioning.
There are no home treatments for anuria. If you notice that your dog has stopped urinating, see your veterinarian right away. Treatment should start right away to give your pet a chance of recovery.
Avoid the use of substances that can lead to acute renal failure. Alcohol is the most common cause of acute renal failure in animals. Don’t let your dog roam alone.
Make sure your pet always has clean, fresh water. If your pet is sick, get it checked and treated as soon as possible. Don’t delay your veterinary check-up. Waiting for your kidneys to completely stop functioning will give you no chance of salvation.
How to call a veterinarian at home?
What questions will need to be answered?
In order to call a veterinarian, you need:
- Call the operator using the numbers indicated in the Contacts section;
- Tell what happened to the animal;
- Provide the address (street, house, front door, floor) where the veterinarian will arrive;
- Specify the date and time of the doctor’s arrival
Call the veterinarian at home and he will definitely help you.
At home, as they say, and walls heal.