What to do if your dog grunts?
If there are no obvious symptoms of a cold or allergy, and the dog is sniffling, snoring in its sleep, it is necessary to find out the cause of the phenomenon, start appropriate treatment:
- Polyps and other neoplasms. Small growths may not be noticed; only shortness of breath will indicate their presence. With the appearance of large tumors, teeth will begin to loosen, frequent nosebleeds will occur, in the later stages the muzzle is deformed. Pills cannot solve the problem, surgical intervention is necessary.
- Adenovirosis is one of the most common and dangerous infections, one of the symptoms of which is rhinitis. The discharge will be cloudy, and frequent coughing will begin. Only antibiotics and supportive therapy fights the disease.
- Allergic rhinitis is treated only under medical supervision. If the allergen can be excluded, this must be done, if not, for example, a reaction to pollen occurs, the veterinarian will prescribe a course of antihistamine treatment. In this case, the owner will only need to rinse the pet’s nose.
The occurrence of rhinitis is a signal to the breeder that the pet has a weakened immune system, it needs to be strengthened. Often in dogs of small breeds, the protective properties of the body do not cope. They need to be stimulated with vitamins (A, E, C, group B), the veterinarian may additionally prescribe immunomodulators (Immunofan, Immunal, Cycloferon, Gamavit).
: how to treat a runny nose (rhinitis) and snot in a dog at home?
How to treat a runny nose in dogs at home?
You can also treat snot in a dog at home, but the doctor should still give the appointment. He will determine the cause of rhinitis, prescribe medications in accordance with it, and take additional tests if necessary. Before the doctor arrives, the host may do the following:
- A flashlight will help you to examine your pet. Assess the presence of secretions, their color and consistency, intensity. Observe your dog for other symptoms. You will tell the doctor about all this.
- Clear nose of mucus and crusts. To do this, a gauze or cotton pad is wound on a finger, if necessary, moisten them with warm water.
- The dog can be given a decoction of chamomile or treated with nasal passages. Reception of the herb infusion inside soothes, application to mucous membranes relieves itching, has an antiseptic effect.
- Make sure that the animal does not aggravate its condition, being in a draft or frost. Walking the dog with a runny nose should be minimal.
- Offer your pet more to drink, preferably warm water. Food remains familiar.
Medication will be prescribed by a doctor. Depending on the provoking factor, it may be necessary to exclude the allergen from the diet or the external environment, take antihistamines, remove a foreign body from the passages, and surgically remove neoplasms. But in most cases, a runny nose is caused by a cold, then nasal preparations, warming up and washing the sinuses are most often used to relieve the symptom.
The most famous nose drops for rhinitis for dogs are Maxidin. Doctors are allowed to give them on their own, the main thing is to take into account the instructions for use. The tool has antiviral and immunomodulatory effects. Used in the treatment of distemper, parvovirus, enteritis, helminthiasis. They help with skin diseases, are often prescribed as a prophylaxis. If you start giving Maxidine at the first appearance of snot, you can prevent the spread of infection. The solution is dripped 2 to 3 times a day.
Another well-known remedy is Anandin. Intranasal drug, used to treat rhinitis and conjunctivitis, respectively, it should be instilled in the nose or eyes, depending on the problem. In case of a cold, it is recommended to use the remedy three times a day, the dose depends on the weight of the animal, ranging from 1 to 4 drops. With long-term therapy, it is addictive, so the duration of the course is no more than 14 days.
Do dogs have a runny nose? Yes, and we will tell you about the methods of its treatment
Every person faces a cold and knows how to deal with it. But how to treat a runny nose (rhinitis) and snot in a dog at home?
For what reasons does the symptom appear? How to avoid its occurrence, prevent complications? In this article we will figure out how to help a pet with a cold.
What is rhinitis?
Rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes, it can be either an independent disease or a sign of other pathologies, for example, infection or allergies. There are several types of the disease:
- Acute. Symptoms are pronounced, the condition occurs against the background of infection with a virus or bacteria.
- Chronic. Appears as a result of prolonged exposure to unfavorable environmental factors or as a complication of the acute form.
- Vasomotor. The reaction occurs at the level of reflexes.
- Allergic. Mucous membranes are sensitive to allergens in the external environment (pollen, dust, etc.).
Many people put rhinitis in dogs and a runny nose in a row, but in reality, nasal discharge is only a symptom of the disease. This type of disease is called catarrhal rhinitis.
Warming up is one of the most effective methods to facilitate breathing of an animal. You need to take a sock or handkerchief, heat salt or sand in a dry frying pan, pour it into a cloth. The compress is applied to the bridge of the nose for 3-4 minutes. Remember, it is better to do short-term but frequent procedures. If home treatment is not enough, physical therapy can be performed within the veterinary clinic.
Describing the possible causes of the problem, we casually mentioned the signs of a particular disease. Symptoms may vary, but common features of the disease can be identified:
- The presence of nasal discharge (intensity and consistency are different);
- Difficulty breathing (snoring is heard, snoring in a dream);
- The dog is constantly trying to help itself by touching its nose with its paws;
- Deterioration of smell.
Apathy, poor appetite, and tearing are also common. With prolonged runny nose, crusts form on the nose. Fever, diarrhea, nausea possible.
It is necessary to rinse the dog’s nose with a runny nose. First, it clears the airways, removes mucus. Secondly, it is a preventive measure for the spread of infection. You can use pharmacy products or folk methods, among them:
- Soda solution, prepared at the rate of 1 tbsp. Water for 1 tsp. Sodium carbonate. The liquid should be warm. On the advice of a doctor, you can add a few drops of iodine to the mixture.
- Extracts of chamomile, St. John’s wort, coltsfoot, violets and calendula are used. They soothe and disinfect mucous membranes. Add 1 tsp in a glass of boiling water. Herbs, let it brew, cool and strain the solution.
- Beet juice for instillation is diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Some owners use onion juice to treat a cold, but you need to be careful with it, irritation may begin on sensitive mucous membranes. The secret of one vegetable is squeezed out, mixed with water in equal parts. Cotton swabs are moistened in the solution, they are injected into the nostrils for 10-15 minutes. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms.
- It is allowed to use seawater for washing: Aqua Maris, Aqualor, Dolphin.
- On the advice of a doctor, a solution of furacilin (0.1%) is used.
Whichever drug or remedy you choose, first assess the condition of the dog. If the snot is flowing, you can limit yourself to a simple rinsing. If the nose is stuffy, a lot of crusts have formed, you must first soften them. To do this, use turundas with vaseline oil, glycerin, 3% hydrogen peroxide. Oxolinic ointment has a softening and antiseptic effect, it is effectively used at the first sign of a cold.
It is allowed to use Evamenol ointment. Its composition is completely natural: menthol, eucalyptus oil, petroleum jelly. It is most convenient to apply the product with cotton swabs, keep in mind that dogs do not like such procedures, so it will be good if someone can hold the dog.
Causes of the common cold in dogs
The condition occurs for many reasons, most of them are similar to human:
- Cold. Animals, like people, react to hypothermia and drafts. If the dog walked for a long time in bad weather, suddenly left a hot apartment in the cold, slept on a cold floor, the body’s thermoregulation is disturbed, a runny nose, fever, sometimes sneezing, cough, fever occurs.
- Infection with infections or a virus. In this case, the first two or three days of discharge will be abundant, liquid and transparent. Further, the green (yellow) snot will become thicker, the dog will begin to grunt. Also, a pet may suffer from conjunctivitis, stool disorder, vomiting.
- Allergic rhinitis is an immune response to an irritant. Most often these are dust, pollen, specific fragrances, chemicals or shampoos. Transparent snot flows, accompanied by redness of the eyes, coughing, sneezing. Less common diarrhea, shortness of breath.
- Aggressive odors can cause a short-term runny nose. The pet will scratch its face with its paws, sneeze, turn away.
- Foreign matter in the respiratory tract. Dogs explore the world using their sense of smell, it is not surprising that by chance they can inhale a small object. The dog will try to get rid of him, sneeze, rub his nose, shake his head. Discharge will be observed only from one nostril, if it is damaged, there may be blood impurities in the mucus.
- The presence of neoplasms in the nasal passages (polyps, cysts, tumors). In this case, breathing is difficult, the animal will sniff, grunt, breathe through the mouth, often rub its face, pain will appear.
- Mechanical damage, congenital pathologies (fracture of the nose or jaw, cleft palate).
A runny nose is more common in breeds with a flattened muzzle, such as Shar Pei and Pugs.
Do dogs have a runny nose??
Despite the fact that dogs have a good coat, they are capable of hypothermia. A sharp change in temperature is especially dangerous for a dog’s health. For example, a pet lives in an apartment where it is very hot. Going out for a walk, the dog abruptly inhales a fresh portion of cold air, this is enough to cause a runny nose or nasal congestion.
The dog can be hypothermic in the cold.
We treat a runny nose in a dog at home: is it possible for human nose drops for a dog?
A runny nose in a person is quite common, many do not even pay attention to it. It is believed that a runny nose is a sign of a cold or allergy. But if the dog has a stuffy nose and snot runs, what to do in this case? Pet owners start to panic and don’t know how to help.
Diseases that are not directly related to the nasopharynx can also cause a runny nose:
- Diseases of the kidneys, intestines, heart, diabetes. all these diseases lead to a weakening of the immune system. Against this background, viral diseases begin to worry, because a weakened animal is a real find for infections. In this case, the treatment of the common cold will only lead to a temporary improvement in the condition. Treatment should be aimed at the underlying disease and strengthening the immune system.
- Tumor growths, polyps lead to the appearance of a chronic rhinitis. The animal loses its ability to breathe normally through its nose. Any local treatment does not improve the condition. The polyp interferes with normal breathing, as it leads to squeezing of blood vessels and blocks the nasal passage. In this case, the use of drugs for the common cold is impractical.
- Injuries to the nose, unsuccessful operations can cause a runny nose. In this case, specialist advice and a surgical solution to the problem are required.
- The presence of ticks or fleas in a dog, as well as internal parasites (worms) can lead to the development of rhinitis. This is how the dog’s body reacts to the waste products of parasites. Fleas can enter the nostrils, causing itching and sneezing. The dog starts scratching his nostrils, scratching them.
Rhinitis can develop due to the presence of fleas.
Shar Pei are very prone to runny nose due to the structure of the nasal cavity.
Some breeds are more prone to this disease due to the unusual structure of the nasal passages. Runny nose worries short-nosed dogs with a flattened muzzle (for example, pugs, or sharpei).
Pugs often have a runny nose.
The causes of the common cold
A dog can get a runny nose from cigarette smoke.
The appearance of mucous discharge from the nostrils may be associated with the ingress of plant pollen or foreign objects into them. Walking dogs often sniff the grass, so small blades of grass and spikelets get into the nostrils, which provokes the appearance of signs of a runny nose.
Decorative dog breeds often experience a runny nose when the climate changes. This indicates a weakened pet immunity. Hunting dogs participating in the hunt can easily catch a runny nose if the terrain was damp and the air is too humid.
A runny nose can be one of the symptoms of a more serious illness. For example, a runny nose occurs with distemper, inflammatory processes in the larynx.
The appearance of a runny nose in a pet should be taken seriously. If left untreated, rhinitis progresses, causing complications. Very often, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract becomes a continuation of the common cold.
Symptoms and signs of a cold
When a dog has a runny nose, sneezes.
Excessive discharge is visible from the nasal passages. They can be liquid at the onset of the disease, then their consistency thickens. By the type of discharge, you can predict the underlying disease. If the snot is purulent, then the body is infected.
A runny nose prevents your pet from breathing. Crusts appear in the nostrils, causing irritation. The dog hardly draws in air, sniffs. Gradually switches to mouth breathing, as crusts in the nose cause discomfort.
If the rhinitis is not caused by an infection, then the dog’s general well-being is good. There may be no other symptoms other than nasal discharge. Even the dog’s appetite is excellent.
In addition to sneezing and nasal discharge, the following symptoms develop:
- The dog licks its nose and tries to warm it with its paws. Clear liquid flows from the nose.
- With an allergic rhinitis, exudate flows from both nostrils. When the animal approaches the stimulus, the intensity of the discharge increases, and lacrimation is added. In some cases, food allergy develops, an additional symptom of which is dermatitis.
- When a foreign object enters the nostril, one-sided discharge is observed, sometimes with blood.
- Chronic rhinitis is characterized by the formation of crusts of drying exudate around the nasal speculum.
- The animal snores, tries to breathe through the mouth, snores in a dream.
Crusts for chronic rhinitis.
A runny nose appears under the influence of the following factors:
- Allergy. hypersensitivity to external stimuli. Develops on pollen, street dust, household chemicals, cigarette smoke, own wool or from other animals. Allergy to dog food.
Canine runny nose treatment
When the first warning symptoms appear, try to interrupt the dog’s contact with the irritant. Stop smoking in the presence of your pet, check if he has an allergic reaction to perfumes, household chemicals, pollen, or the smell of houseplants. Start treating the common cold at home and monitor your dog’s health. If it gets worse, see your veterinarian.
Runny nose in a dog
I will tell you about the common cold that dogs are prone to along with people. You will learn about the reasons why pets sneeze and snot. When can you help your pet yourself, and when you need to call a veterinarian. What breeds are prone to inflammation of the nasal mucosa, is it possible to treat dogs with drugs familiar to humans, how to protect a pet from disease.
- Do dogs have?
- Treating a canine rhinitis
- What to do at home
- When is it necessary to contact a veterinarian
- What not to do
- Preventive measures
What to do at home
First, find out how a runny nose manifests itself. This is sneezing, unilateral or bilateral discharge. When the dog is just sneezing and is feeling good, try to identify and eliminate the irritant. It is possible that this is a perfume, or a bouquet donated by a loved one.
Vacuum sofas and carpets more often, do wet cleaning, remove a newly purchased ornamental plant, cut off contact with other pets.
Provide your pet with a comfortable microclimate. Do not allow lying on bare concrete, do not use air conditioners in the presence of a dog. Sometimes these measures allow the dog to defeat the common cold on its own without the use of medication.
For the treatment of a runny nose at home, use eye and intranasal drops Anandin or Maxidin 0.15. Keep one of the drugs in your medicine cabinet.
If crusts form on the nose, remove them by soaking with water. Inject 2-3 drops 3 times a day until recovery. Rhinitis is often accompanied by conjunctivitis, so put the product in your eyes to prevent inflammation. If you use Anandin, do not confuse the drug with ear drops of the same name.
If the medication does not work, and the pet’s condition worsens, contact your veterinarian.
If you suspect a foreign body has been inserted, try using a flashlight to illuminate the nostrils and pull out the foreign object with tweezers. If it did not work out. contact a specialist.
When is it necessary to contact a veterinarian
The following symptoms and circumstances are grounds for contacting a veterinarian:
- The general condition is unsatisfactory;
- The dog’s snot has acquired a slimy or purulent consistency, turned yellow or green;
- A cough appeared;
- The temperature has risen;
- Blood drips from the nose;
- Diarrhea or constipation;
- The wool has lost its luster.
Depending on the diagnosis, the following treatment methods are prescribed:
- Conservative therapy. To eliminate the cause of the disease, antibiotics, antiviral, hemostatic are used. Desensitizing agents, nasal drops, heart medications. For a speedy recovery, general strengthening medications, hepatoprotectors, agents that facilitate breathing, probiotics, veterinary feed are prescribed.
- Surgical treatment is in demand for removing a foreign object from the nose, as well as for removing benign tumors.
The veterinarian will diagnose and prescribe treatment, and you will have to acquire the skills of an orderly and carry out medical procedures yourself.
Not all antimicrobial agents are suitable for dogs. Some antibiotics have a short duration of action, they have to be injected several times a day. Others are contraindicated in non-growing dogs because they interfere with bone and cartilage formation. Still others have a narrow range of antimicrobial action. Sinulox is devoid of such disadvantages. This is an injectable analogue of the medical product Amoxiclav. It has no contraindications except for individual intolerance to the ingredients. Injections are given once a day. The course of antibiotic therapy is 3-5 consecutive days. The cost of a bottle of 40 ml is 920 rubles. The dosage is 1 ml / 20 kg of live weight. After piercing the plug, the drug must be consumed within 28 days.
Do dogs have?
For people who ask such a question, I will answer with a paraphrased text from Wikipedia: A runny nose is a common name that includes two scientifically based pathological conditions:
- Rhinitis. inflammation of the nasal mucosa;
- Rhinorrhea. nasal discharge.
The disease is common among dogs. Most often dogs of short-faced breeds get sick. Nasal discharge develops as a reflex reaction, with the help of which the dog seeks to remove pathogens, toxins, dust, foreign objects from the mucous membrane.
What not to do
When caring for a sick dog, the main thing is not to harm. Therefore, read what you cannot do. The physiology of the dog is different from yours, so the answer to the question “can human nose drops be dripped?” unequivocal: it is impossible without agreement with the veterinarian. Avoid “good advice” and do not use folk remedies. At best, they will not do any harm or benefit. Do not invent medicated antimicrobial powders as they may trigger an allergic response.
Do not attempt to flush your dog’s nose if a foreign body is suspected. A jet of water will push the stuck object into the depths, and if it enters the lungs, pneumonia occurs.
Do not use vitamin supplements without consulting your veterinarian: an excess of biological catalysts can do more harm than a deficiency.
Do not wrap the dog, it does not have a heatstroke protection mechanism in the form of sweat glands. Avoid wearing clothes and shorten your walking time.
Some dog owners fantasize that physical therapy such as massage or putting a bag of heated salt on the nose will help the dog recover sooner. Do not experiment so as not to worsen the course of the disease.
To protect your pet from diseases accompanied by a runny nose, I recommend adhering to the following rules:
- Adjust the parameters of keeping and feeding dogs in accordance with the standards. Do not place the rookery on a concrete floor. Do not smoke in the presence of your dog, refrain from using substances, the smell of which may cause pet allergies. Do not turn on the air conditioner when your pet is in the room. Bathe your dog when necessary. After water procedures, dry the pet with a towel and make sure that there are no drafts.
- If your dog is diagnosed with hypersensitivity to food ingredients, use plant-made hypoallergenic foods.
- Immunize your pets regularly according to a vaccination plan to protect against the plague of carnivorous adenovirus infections and other dangerous diseases. Vaccinations for dogs by age.
- Deworm your dog quarterly. How often to worm a dog?
- Treat your dog regularly for ectoparasites. The best drops against fleas and ticks.
- Avoid walking around prickly and harmful plants.
- Do not use hormonal contraceptives or anti-inflammatories unless absolutely necessary. They lead to hormonal disruptions and the development of tumors.
- Conduct regular preventive veterinary examinations and timely treat chronic diseases.
Causes of the appearance of a canine rhinitis
There are plenty of reasons why a dog has a runny nose and an animal sneezes a hundred times a day. Here are the most common ones:
- Bacterial and viral infections. If rhinitis is provoked by the introduction of viruses or bacteria into the body, the initially transparent discharge from the nose, a few days after the onset of the disease, will turn into colored (yellow or greenish, sometimes with red blood streaks), and their consistency will change from liquid to thick. In addition to nasal discharge, the dog may have watery eyes, sometimes vomiting and diarrhea. The animal is depressed, refuses food, and sometimes water. Dry crusts may appear on the nose, which, together with a runny nose, will make it difficult to breathe, this will make it hard for the dog to breathe, possibly even through the mouth;
Allergy. The dog’s immune system can perceive as an enemy, for example, house dust, pollen, new foods, feed, care products (shampoos, sprays, etc.). In addition to clear discharge from the nasal passages, the animal will most likely experience sneezing, swelling of the mucous membranes, coughing, eye inflammation and lacrimation. In some situations, with allergies in animals, stomach and intestinal upset are even observed;
Reaction to strong odors. The aromas of the master’s perfume, fire smoke, gasoline, solvent, chemical cleaning agents with chlorine and many other odors can cause an increased release of clear mucus from the nose in an animal. Does the dog scratch its nose with its paws, sneeze, does it have snot? Perhaps the matter is that the pet has inhaled some strong and unpleasant (for a dog’s sense of smell) smell;
The introduction of a foreign object into the nasal passages. Pets, in order to recognize what is in front of them, examine unfamiliar objects with the help of their scent. It is not surprising that a dog can quite calmly breathe in, for example, small parts of a children’s designer, blades of grass, pebbles, threads. At the same time, the animal is likely to leak from only one nostril (if the mucous membranes are damaged, there may be bleeding from the nose). The dog will sneeze, rub its nose with its paw, shake its head;
Neoplasms in the nasal cavity (tumors, polyps, cysts). If there are problems of this kind, in addition to discharge from the nose, the animal will have pain syndrome, difficulty breathing, sniffling. The dog will try to regulate the flow of air into the nostrils by rubbing it frequently. Discharge can be both clear and purulent or bloody;
Runny nose in a dog
- Dog health, illness and treatment
- 8-11-2017, 12:54
Probably, there is not a single person on Earth who would not know about such a problem as a runny nose. A constant flow from the nose, a burning sensation and dryness of the mucous membranes, the inability to freely breathe air. these are just some of the symptoms of a runny nose or rhinitis, as the disease is called correctly. But not only we have a runny nose, but also our four-legged pets. dogs. And of course animals suffer from the inability to breathe well no less than people.
Symptoms of a common cold in dogs
As we found out, nasal discharge can vary in intensity, consistency, color, depending on the cause of the runny nose. However, the common symptoms of rhinitis in dogs  are:
- Nasal discharge (clear to yellow or green, sometimes bloody);
Snoring, snoring while sleeping;
Attempts to improve breathing with the paws;
The appearance of painful crusts on the nose with a prolonged runny nose;
How to help a dog with a runny nose
What if your dog has a runny nose? How to help a pet without harming it? First, first you need to find out what exactly caused the runny nose. For example, did an animal have a nose injury recently in a fight? Then a runny nose could have caused the injury.
Secondly, the owner should carefully examine the pet by illuminating the nasal passages with a flashlight. If a foreign body is stuck there, you should contact your veterinarian to remove it.
Third, it is important to observe the animal. Thick, viscous nasal discharge, apathy, refusal to eat, gastrointestinal disorders, heavy breathing are serious reasons to see a doctor as soon as possible to save the dog.
If the dog is cheerful, active, has not lost interest in food, and transparent snot is flowing from its nose for no more than 2-3 days, you should not worry: the animal will most likely defeat the runny nose on its own. However, if it has been flowing from a dog’s nose for more than 3 days, and the discharge has changed its shade and consistency, it’s time to start acting. Consider how you can help a dog with a cold at home:
- When the nose of an animal with a runny nose forms crusts, they should be carefully removed with a cotton pad soaked in water, chamomile broth, chlorhexidine aqueous solution. To prevent the appearance of dry crusts, the nose should be frequently treated with these agents;
Human drops from a cold without a doctor’s prescription should not be buried in a dog’s nose. They can be used for dogs in rare cases, if the nose completely “refuses” to breathe;
It’s good to support the animal’s body with vitamins A and E, which are found in food or special supplements;
All of these measures can be used to treat a runny nose in dogs, if there are no serious symptoms of ill health (refusal to eat and water, lack of physical activity, vomiting, etc.). If the dog is really bad, there is only one way out: see a veterinarian as soon as possible.
Dog snot: reasons, what to do, how to treat
Not always a discharge from a dog’s nose is a sign of a common cold. The reason may lie in serious infectious diseases. There are so many reasons causing snot from a dog’s nose that, alas, you cannot do without the help of a veterinarian in making an accurate diagnosis.
Snot is called mucus (of varying consistency and color) secreted from the nasal passages to the outside. This occurs due to the effect of any unfavorable factors on special glandular cells in the nasal mucosa. The pathology itself is usually called rhinitis or rhinitis.
The main symptoms. what to look for
What a dog owner can observe with rhinitis:
- Mucus comes from the nose. of different consistency and shade. Green or yellow-green snot in a dog is a sign of a long course of the disease (longer than 1 week), when bacteria have already joined (they are the ones that change the color and consistency of the snot).
- Sneezing, attempts to scratch or lick the nose are usually observed with snot. With active attempts to constantly shake your head, you can suspect the presence of a foreign object in the nose.
- Outflows on only one side may indicate a tumor, polyps or foreign objects.
- With advanced growths of tumor neoplasms, there may be a deformation of the bridge of the nose or the entire muzzle, and a ichor may be mixed with mucus.
- Eyes may turn sour, lacrimation may appear (the nasal and lacrimal canals are combined into the nasolacrimal canal, so all of these symptoms often occur simultaneously). In some diseases, the eyes turn red at the same time, conjunctivitis develops.
- Always with rhinitis, the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity swells and reddens strongly (it can be noticed independently only in large dogs with large nostrils, in other cases it is determined by the veterinarian during an instrumental examination).
- Swelling and nasal congestion is detected by mouth breathing. cheeks swelling or mouth open.
- Curvature of the nose and / or nasal septum due to trauma, falls or bumps. visible changes in the shape of the nose, the shape of the muzzle, the tip of the nose.
- In severe illnesses, body temperature may also rise, lethargy and weakness appear, appetite decreases or disappears completely, and thirst appears (if the dog breathes with its mouth open).
For a more accurate diagnosis, you may need to clarify a few more points:
- Does the amount of snot change when the head is tilted, during sleep or wakefulness, in the morning / afternoon / evening, is it hard to breathe after exercise;
- When were nasal discharge first noticed, and for what period of time they thickened and changed color (if such a fact was noted);
- The discharge is strong or scarce, does it have time to dry out and form crusts around the nose, or is it just constantly wet;
- All the time snot came out from one nostril or from two;
- As a dog sleeps. with an open mouth or it is possible to breathe through the nose;
- Does rhinitis cause any inconvenience to the pet or does he not pay attention to it?
Only a veterinarian can determine the type of infection, especially since the causative agent can be not only viruses or bacteria, but also fungi. Specific therapy is prescribed, depending on the type of infection. antiviral, antimicrobial or antifungal drugs. At the same time, general strengthening agents and stimulating the immune system are recommended.
Nasal flushing is indicated when the discharge is thick, yellow-green, and makes breathing difficult. Medical drops are used similar to those used for colds (Pinosol, Derinat, chloramphenicol eye drops). To increase the local immunity of the nasal mucosa, Timogen drops are often prescribed. 2-3 drops for a dog weighing up to 10 kg once a day for 7-10 days.
Diseases such as adenovirus and plague (Carré’s disease) deserve special attention. Treatment should be started as soon as possible. Only a specialist can determine that a dog has these ailments on the basis of a clinical examination and related diagnostic methods.
How to help if snot was found
A runny nose is not a separate disease, it is a symptom that something is wrong in the body. Treatment of snot in dogs will directly depend on the cause that provoked them. Final comments are always behind a specialist!
Physiological narrowing of the nostrils
In short-faced dog breeds, the periodic discharge of transparent snot is considered a physiological feature. It is necessary to monitor the hygiene of the pet’s nasal passages, periodically rinsing them. It is also important to monitor your overall health in order to exclude the addition of a secondary bacterial infection and the development of harmful microorganisms in “healthy” mucus.
How to rinse a dog’s nose?
Small dogs (puppies and small breeds) are usually not washed, but gently cleaned with cotton swabs well moistened with the desired solution. Dogs of medium and large breeds can be washed with special solutions, warmed up to body temperature, using syringes without a needle (10 cc) or a small rubber bulb. The procedure is performed after removing dried crusts around the nostrils and on the nose itself, if any. You can soak the crusts with ordinary warm boiled water or hydrogen peroxide.
It is better if the procedure is done by two. one holds the pet, the other washes it. The dog must be fixed in a sitting position. You can put on a muzzle that goes without fixing the nasal mirror. Gently inject small volumes of rinsing solutions into each nostril and wait for them to drain. You can dab the muzzle with a soft cloth without rubbing or injuring the nasal mirror. Perhaps the pet will sneeze. this is good and promotes the discharge of mucus and already thick snot from the depths of the nasal passages. Wait until the sneeze ends and continue the procedure until a clear solution flows out of the nostrils.
When examining the nasal passages, the veterinarian may find parasites there that need to be removed and / or washed out. After cleaning, be sure to treat the pet from fleas, ticks and worms. Monitor nasal discharge for several days, rinse, if necessary, the nasal cavity with saline, drip 1-2 times a day, 1-4 drops of chloramphenicol solution (depending on the size of the dog), if the mucus has time to “turn green” (bacterial infection has joined).
Is a canine runny nose infectious to humans??
The snot itself does not pose a danger to humans, i.e. The owner will not “run nose” from the fact that the pet is sick. But some causes of rhinitis can cause some inconvenience (for example, fleas and ticks can bite a person). It is not worth neglecting the basic rules of hygiene when caring for a sick animal!
General strengthening therapy
The causes of a runny nose can be anything, but in each case, general strengthening therapy to stimulate the immune system will not hurt. This is especially indicated for viral infections:
- Ribotan (once intramuscularly 0.5-2 ml per animal, depending on size; course duration. up to 5 days);
- Fosprenil (per day the dose should not be more than 0.4 ml / kg; subcutaneously or intramuscularly for a week: if given orally, the dosage is doubled);
- Immunofan (1 ml intramuscularly or under the skin at the withers once a day; course up to 1 week, but at least 5 days);
- Cycloferon (the dose depends on the weight of the animal: up to 3 kg. 0.4 ml / kg, 3-5 kg - 0.3 ml / kg; up to 12 kg. 0.15 ml / kg, for very large dogs the calculation is 0.1 ml / kg Scheme: the first two days. daily, then. every other day; only 5 injections in 8 days);
- Gamavit (0.3-0.5 ml / kg once or twice a day every other day for 2-6 weeks).
The type of drug and the course of application is determined by the veterinarian!
What is rhinitis in dogs?
Dog snot is caused by a disease such as rhinitis. Rhinitis is an inflammation of the lining of the nasopharynx. As you can imagine, such an infection is accompanied by a discharge that runs from the nose. They are usually green and typical for both adults and puppies.
By its nature, this infection can be:
- Or croupous.
In practice, most animals get rhinitis during the winter season.
What to do if your dog has a runny nose?
How to treat a runny nose in a dog?
So, what should the owner do and how to treat his four-legged friend? The question of how to cure an animal at home is of interest to many dog owners, so below we will talk about how the treatment is carried out.
- First, you should reduce the time for walking on the street, if the dog lives in the house, then it is necessary to eliminate all possible drafts, and the sleeping place of the animal should be insulated. To treat a dog, vitamins A and E need to be added to his diet.
- The pet’s nose, namely the bridge of the nose, must be warmed up with warm salt or sand.
- Hydrogen peroxide moisten the places with ulcers, it is necessary to make sure that there are no wounds at all after peroxide, lubricate the wounds with petroleum jelly.
- If the skin of the nose is cracked, then it should be treated with Streptocide, it is better to use a powder than an ointment.
- If the dog cannot breathe, then you need to do the following. You will have to treat with drops. Furacilin or Maxidin drops are bought, or special veterinary drops. Treatment can be carried out with a decoction of chamomile, but only in the absence of allergies. It is necessary to drip 2-3 drops into each nostril. Sometimes you can use children’s Pinosol, but it is prescribed exclusively on the advice of a veterinarian.
- You can do inhalation to the dog. To do this, you can try to lubricate the animal’s mouth with an ointment containing glycerin, boric acid and menthol, but most likely you will not be able to do this. Therefore, you can try to get the dog to inhale the steam of boiled potatoes. In this case, the head of the animal does not need to be covered.
In any case, before starting self-treatment, we strongly recommend that you consult a veterinarian on this issue. Only a doctor will be able to make the correct diagnosis and further treatment that will relieve your pet of the disease.
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Forms of the disease
As for the form of the disease, it can be:
- Sharp. In this case, rhinitis is provoked by constant irritation of the mucous membrane, which occurs as a result of a sharp temperature drop, colds. Acute rhinitis is usually mild and usually does not reach the second stage. In this case, if you take time to treat your animal in time, he will recover in 1-2 weeks.
- Chronic. The chronic form is the result of allergies. Usually it is treated without problems, but if the dog has a predisposition, then rhinitis will certainly manifest itself more than once. To eliminate the disease, it is necessary to identify the disease itself, which is the root cause.
Causes of nasal discharge in a pet
Now let’s look at the reasons why a dog could catch rhinitis:
- Disease due to hypothermia. In the case of a sharp temperature drop, when, for example, a dog ran out of a warm room and was in the cold for a long time, the mucous membranes, namely the nasal mucosa, suffer first. This condition of the puppy cannot be called unambiguously rhinitis, since so far it is no more than temporary discomfort, which usually goes away without specific treatment. But if this has not passed in a day or two, then it is quite possible that the dog will begin to develop rhinitis.
- In case of chronic deviations. Rhinitis in a puppy can be the result of a predisposition of the body, that is, an allergic reaction to more complex diseases, such as a cold or pneumonia. In addition, infectious diseases of the mucous membranes can also be the cause.
- Sometimes the cause of rhinitis is damage to the respiratory system. This can occur as a result of frequent inhalation of corrosive smoke, harmful vapors, or in case of contact with mucous dust, as well as larger harmful particles that cause irritation.
- Weakening of the immune system caused by more complex diseases. If the immunity of an animal is weak, then it is most vulnerable to this kind of ailment, especially if during this period the dog spends a lot of time in the cold. Or, for example, if the pet’s body lacks vitamins A, B, C.
Symptoms of inflammation of the nasal mucosa
So, if a dog has a runny nose, then, most likely, you can see other symptoms of the disease:
- Your pet’s mood disappears, the dog practically stops playing, in general, his state can be regarded as lethargic;
- Another symptom of the disease is a decrease in appetite, that is, the animal can eat, but without enthusiasm, as before, it will not pay attention to the delicacies that you gave it earlier;
- It is not necessary to check the body temperature, as it may be slightly elevated or kept at a normal level, so this is not 100 percent;
- An important symptom is the fact that the pet sneezes, and it does it very often, and not as in those cases when the dust just breathed;
- In addition to the fact that the pet sneezes, he will constantly lick his lips to remove discharge from under the nose;
- Also, the animal will regularly sniff or snort, which is directly related to a runny nose;
- The pet can rub its nose on furniture or other household items to drown out the itching from snot;
- In such cases, the dog will have very difficult breathing, slightly lengthened, whistling is possible, as is the case with a person when he catches a runny nose.
But that’s not all. If the rhinitis is quite advanced or the dog just has a more complex form of the disease, then its shortness of breath may be mixed. If you look at the nasal mucosa, you can see a serious course. In most cases, if the snot is constantly flowing, the openings of the nose are clogged with unpleasant secretions, in some cases, pus or blood clots can be seen.
In addition, the animal will have a reddened mucous membrane. If suddenly your puppy or adult dog has chronic purulent rhinitis, then it’s even worse. In such cases, the disease lasts a very long time, from time to time, exacerbations may occur. over, the pet can significantly lose weight. If you look into the mucous membrane, you will see how it has turned pale, you will see ulcers and wounds on it.
As for follicular or croupous rhinitis, it is not so common in pets.
But in these cases, the dog:
- The temperature rises significantly, you can feel it with your hand;
- The dog behaves very sluggishly, can lie for hours in one place and not move;
- The pet is breathing very hard.
In such cases, deposits from secretions will also appear on the inside of the nasopharyngeal mucosa, which will have a gray or gray-yellow color. Ulcers will be visible under these deposits. In the case of the follicular nature of the disease, a few days after infection on the mucous membrane, you will see many nodules that have a yellowish or gray tint. When they disappear, more visible wounds will appear in their place. As a rule, such forms of the disease last about three weeks, but usually everything ends well for the animal.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Rhinitis in Dogs
In this you can see how rhinitis is diagnosed and treated in four-legged pets.