The incubation period in an animal lasts from three days to three weeks. This is the time elapsing from the moment the virus is introduced into the animal’s body until the first symptoms of infection appear. In rare cases, when the animal belongs to hardy breeds, characterized by excellent health, the incubation period lasts up to several months.
Breeders engaged in breeding new breeds, breeding old ones, pay special attention to strengthening immunity. As a result, most dogs today face mild clinical manifestations of distemper. Because of this, the incubation period often proceeds in an apathetic form. there are no obvious signs of infection, such as an increase in body temperature, and others. The dog simply hides from people, sleeps a lot, refuses to eat.
Symptoms also depend on the form of the disease. The main ones are:
- Pulmonary. The virus infects the respiratory tract. A distinctive symptom of this form is a paroxysmal cough. Also, the dog refuses to eat, while drinking a lot of liquid.
- Intestinal. A distinctive feature is disorders of the digestive system of the dog’s body. Symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea are common. Intestinal distemper in dogs causes severe weakness, loss of strength, apathy to everything.
- Dermal. Rashes are found. red spots, the skin around which looks inflamed. The greatest danger lies in the penetration of infection into them, then complications arise, the threat of death without treatment. Cutaneous plague, with timely therapy, is considered the mildest form of the disease.
- Nervous. It is a complication that occurs as a result of prolonged neglect of one of the other forms. Nervous plague is accompanied by seizures of epilepsy, paralysis of the legs, often leads to death.
In most cases, distemper manifests itself in one or two forms at the same time, and the nervous one occurs as a complication.
Diagnostics and treatment
Treatment begins only after the diagnosis, confirmation of the alleged diagnosis. Its main methods are biochemical analysis of blood and urine. Attention is drawn to the indicators of the number of lymphocytes, in the early stages, the plague is usually accompanied by lymphopenia.
If a pulmonary form of the disease is suspected, the main analysis for plague is an x-ray. It allows you to assess the condition of the lungs, to assess how deeply they are affected by the infection. Veterinarians also use an observational diagnostic method. There are a number of signs by which it is easy to identify the plague. If at least 3-4 of them are present, the diagnosis can be confirmed:
- Respiratory tract damage;
- Gastroenteritis. inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach, intestines;
- Lesions of the mucous membrane of the eyes, nose;
- Skin lesions. hyperkeratosis of the paws, muzzle, and other organs;
- Epilepsy, seizures, other pathologies of the nervous system of the body.
If two of these factors are present, distemper can be suspected, if more, it can be diagnosed.
How is it transmitted
Plague is not only a canine disease, many animals are susceptible to it. The main source of the virus is an infected animal. Experts answer in the affirmative to the question of whether a dog can contract distemper from a cat. Yes, it is transmitted from dog to dog, but other animals can take part in the chain.
The virus, which is the causative agent, remains in the patient’s saliva, which persists on many objects. Therefore, the main sources of infection are:
- Infected animals;
- Aviaries, booths;
- Human clothing, shoes (after being in an infected place).
Many are also interested in whether a person can contract distemper from a dog. The disease is not transmitted to a person, no matter in what form it proceeds. Paramyxovirus, which provokes the inflammatory process, is absolutely safe for the human body. Therefore, the distemper is not contagious to humans, the main danger to humans is the risk that a sick dog will infect other pets.
What to do if a dog has distemper
The first thing the owner should do is immediately contact the veterinarian, call him at home or go to the clinic. The acute form of the disease develops especially rapidly, so it is impossible to delay with this, because the consequences can be catastrophic. the life of the dog will be at risk.
While waiting for a consultation with a veterinarian, you can make your pet feel better by creating the following conditions:
- Provide a warm air temperature in the room, no drafts;
- Eliminate, darken light sources (due to the development of photophobia, as one of the symptoms);
- Permanently remove nasal and eye discharge using clean wipes;
- It is advisable to treat these organs with disinfectant solutions;
- Feed only liquid food that is easy to digest;
- Provide free access to water.
Prevention of the disease
Prevention of the disease is required during the rehabilitation period to prevent the return of the virus, as well as to reduce the risk of primary infection. Vaccination against distemper is the main, but not the only way of protection. They also include compliance with such rules:
- Use personal hygiene products for your pet;
- Avoid contact with stray animals;
- Limit time with virus-infected dogs;
- Do not allow the dog to sniff, eat feces, drink water from puddles;
- Feed your pet with proven, high quality food.
When deciding how to treat a dog’s booth after a distemper, it is better to opt for an ordinary chlorine solution. It is recommended to use it not only immediately after recovery, but on an ongoing basis.
The first signs of distemper in dogs
The first symptoms of infection do not appear brightly, so it is difficult to recognize them. Many of these are easily confused with other diseases. The main ones are:
- Lethargy, loss of strength;
- Loss of appetite, vomiting after eating;
- Redness of the eyes;
- Discharge from the nose and eyes of a thick, transparent color;
- Fear of light. the pet prefers to stay in its place, if a lamp is on in the room, it is hammered into a corner;
- The wool is tousled.
The first few days, a high body temperature rises (about 40 degrees). If the dog has a strong immune system, its values may be lower. Also, signs of infection depend on the course of the disease.
There are several of its forms:
- Lightning fast. the death of an animal occurs within a short period of time (usually no more than two days);
- Hyperacute. the temperature rises sharply to high levels, the animal’s condition deteriorates sharply, after a few days, without proper treatment, the dog falls into a coma, soon dies;
- Acute. all signs, lethargy, loss of appetite, others develop rapidly, at the same time;
- Chronic. the development of the disease affects several months, the symptoms alternately or simultaneously worsen, then subside.
Treatment with folk remedies
Medical therapy is required to save the dog. It can only be supplemented by traditional medicine. Treatment with vodka is common in distemper. It is poured into the mouth with a syringe. The dose is calculated based on the weight of the animal, should not exceed 100 ml.
In addition, it is recommended to use egg yolk in vodka, you can mix them. It prevents the occurrence of a possible burn from alcohol, softens its effect on various internal organs. The use of other folk recipes, for example, using herbs, is considered ineffective for distemper.
Signs of distemper in dogs. first symptoms and treatment
Distemper is a dangerous disease, the symptoms of which are especially acute in puppies. It is caused by a virus from the category of paramyxoviruses. Animals contract the disease by transmitting its pathogen to one another. Therefore, distemper in dogs, the symptoms of which appear at first imperceptibly, is dangerous, a caring owner must know how to protect the pet.
Causes of a dry nose in a dog
A dry and warm nose should alert the owner of the dog. There may be several reasons:
- The most commonplace cause of dryness and warming of the nose may be a cold. A loving owner should not only be able to feel the pet’s nose, but also measure its temperature. If the indicator on the thermometer exceeds 39, other signs of the disease are visible (cough, sour eyes, lethargy of the dog), it is necessary to start treating a cold.
- An allergic reaction is often the cause of a warm nose. Allergens are everywhere. Plastic dishes, household chemicals, food. Dogs, just like humans, can react to allergens. If the dog reacts to the allergen, then there will be no other visible manifestations of the disease. You should contact your veterinarian and establish the cause of the allergic reaction.
- Dry nose can be observed in a nursing bitch. This is considered normal, so you should not panic and call your veterinarian at home.
- In the summer, a dog exposed to the sun for a long time can burn the skin. On the nose, the skin is not protected by wool, so sunburn is possible. If you notice a warm and dry nose of your pet, examine the place where it was. The kennel should be set up in a cool place so that the animal can rest in the shade. In addition, you should control the presence of a container with cool drinking water in the pet’s access area. In summer heat, the dog can overheat, which will also result in a dry nose.
- In winter, when the weather is frosty and windy, the skin on a dog’s nose can be exposed to natural factors. Winter chills can lead to dry nasal skin, in more severe cases, painful cracks.
- During walks, and just in the yard, the dog can accidentally be injured. Sometimes the trauma leads to the appearance of such symptoms as dry nose and warming. If you notice that your dog has a warm nose, you should examine it for injuries or damage to the skin. If the pet refuses to give a paw, most likely he has damaged it. It is necessary to determine the severity of the injury and seek help from a veterinary clinic, or independently cope with the problem.
- Stressful situations negatively affect the dog’s body. Overexcited, the dog may get a little sick, which causes symptoms such as a warm and dry nose.
- Dryness of the nose, complete with blisters that have appeared on it, indicates a disease such as pemphigus. It is referred to as a disease of the immune system. Characteristic signs of the disease: blisters with fluid on the skin. After the bubble matures, it bursts, then dried crusts appear, which prevent the dog from breathing. It is possible to determine the type of pathogen only after passing the tests.
- If a dog has constipation in addition to a warm nose, it is sluggish, does not want to play, it should be checked for helminthiasis. Large numbers of worms accumulated in the peritoneum can cause severe intoxication of the animal. At the same time, the body temperature can both rise and fall.
- A warm nose can be combined with other signs of distemper. The condition of the dog with this disease is as follows: hot dry nose, lethargy, purulent discharge from the eyes and nasal passages, refusal to eat, indigestion. The animal can have a staggering gait, it can drag its hind legs and fall on its side. In severe cases, fainting or seizures may occur.
In this case, it is necessary to provide the pet with first aid (stop bleeding, bandage the wound), then visit the veterinarian. If the nose is injured, do not use alcohol, brilliant green, iodine. this can lead to burns of the nasal mucosa.
The dog has a dry nose. What to do
A dog in the house is a huge responsibility for the owner. There are situations when an animal’s nose becomes dry and hot. How to respond to this indicator of canine health, is a visit to the veterinarian required in all cases? It must be remembered that in addition to a dry nose, the dog may have any additional symptoms, so do not jump to conclusions, you need to take a closer look at the pet. What to do?
What to do if your dog has a warm nose
In each specific case, it is necessary to soberly assess the situation, one’s strengths and the state of the animal. Only then make a decision: show the animal to the veterinarian or help it yourself. Consider the main situations in which an animal may find itself.
The dog has a cold
If you suspect a cold, if the condition of the dog is not critical, you can do with home treatment, but if possible show the animal to the veterinarian so as not to miss pneumonia. The first measures that the owner should take in case of a cat’s catarrhal disease are as follows:
- Provide a calm environment, warm drinks and tasty food that your pet will definitely not refuse. To maintain strength, it is necessary that the dog eat at least a little.
- There should be no drafts in the place where the sick dog is resting. The room should not be too hot or too cold. It is desirable to ensure a normal temperature in the room.
- It is necessary to go outside, because the dog needs to cope with physiological needs. Walking time can be limited to a quarter of an hour.
- If the dog is freezing, you can cover it with something warm or even warm it with a heating pad.
- You can brush your dog periodically. This massage activates the body’s defenses, helps to disperse the blood and keep warm.
At the initial stage of the disease, when the dog does not refuse to eat and drink, you can treat with the following medications: Gamavit, Amoxiclav, Cycloferon. To lower the temperature, intramuscular injections of Analgin with Diphenhydramine are used, which are carried out 2 times a day. If treatment does not work, the dog is feeling worse, call your veterinarian for a checkup. It is possible that the animal develops pneumonia. This condition is quite serious and will not cope with it without the appointment of a specialist. In order to diagnose an inflammatory process in the lungs, the veterinarian must listen to the dog.
If the dog has a cough, wheezing, and there is no way to show it to the veterinarian, treatment with a broad-spectrum antibiotic is started. In order not to disturb the intestinal microflora, you should additionally purchase a drug to normalize the microflora.
If the pet has a high fever, paracetamol-based medications should not be given, they are harmful to the animal. If you don’t know how to give injections, give an Analgin pill, hiding it in a piece of treat.
Treatment should be aimed at maintaining the internal strength of the animal. It is advisable to contact the veterinary clinic, since the disease is quite serious and can end in the death of the pet.
If natural phenomena (heat, wind, scorching sun rays) become the cause of dry nose, you should use cosmetics and try to protect the animal from the vicissitudes of the weather. For example, in the summer, move the booth to the shade of trees.
When purchasing an animal home, it should be remembered that walking the pet on the street may end with the appearance of worms. Therefore, all dog owners are advised to carry out preventive cleaning with special anthelmintic drugs.
If the dog has worms, it may suffer from diarrhea. Certain types of worms can be found in excrement. It is advisable to get tested and start anthelmintic treatment recommended by a specialist. Among the drugs used to treat helminthic invasions are: Pirantel, Fenbendazole, Espirantel, Praxiquantel, Febantel.
This condition can be caused by flowering plants, household items, woolen items, household chemicals, food. Determining the source of the allergy on your own is quite difficult, but you can try. Try to clean your dog’s area without chemicals.
Clean with lukewarm water more often. The dishes should be washed daily without using chemical dishwashing detergents. If your pet has woolen bedding, replace it with cotton. While walking the animal, avoid those places where grasses and bushes bloom. If the source of the allergy is found in this way, protect your pet from it.
What to do if your dog is in heat
- What to do if your dog is in heat
- How to tell if your dog is in heat
- How to calm a dog
The first heat, it is. Pusting occurs in a dog at the age of 8-12 months. This age is individual and depends on the breed. Generally, small breed dogs develop and mature faster. There may be some deviations from these terms, but if the first estrus began before 8 months or it does not exist even at 15 months, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Even if you intend to breed or just have puppies at least once, you should never knit a bitch for the first time. The fact is that the body has not yet finally formed, early pregnancy and childbirth can cause significant damage to a young animal. In the Russian Kennel Federation there is an official age limit for first mating. Dogs of small breeds are allowed to breed from 15 months of age, medium and large. Not earlier than 18 months.
The flow usually occurs once every 6 months, although there are individuals in whom this process repeats after 8-9 months, or even after a year. This is quite normal and even convenient for many owners. If you are going to regularly breed puppies, then remember, you cannot mate a bitch in every estrus, the optimal period of rest after giving birth and feeding the puppies. A year, and after a complicated pregnancy or a cesarean section. At least two years.
Duration of emptying. 18-21 days. Deviations of 2-3 days are also acceptable. However, if estrus continues for more than 30 days, rush to see your veterinarian. The first puddle is not yet an indicator of the character of the subsequent ones. The cycle in an animal can be established for 2-3 flows.
In the first 1-9 days, the discharge is scanty and bloody, the vulva (loop) looks swollen, but dense to the touch. The dog is already distinguished by a playful mood, however, the dog will not let him in. She is not ready for mating these days. On days 10-16, the color of the discharge changes to yellowish-pink, the bitch takes her tail in front of the dog or simply if you stroke her rump. During this period the bitch is ready for mating. It is impossible to say with absolute certainty which days in this interval are most favorable for conception. It happens that breeders have been trying to mate an animal for years, but they cannot guess the very day. But it is better to choose not the first and not the last day of ovulation. Knitting should usually be repeated after 1–2 days. If you are not planning puppies, then be especially vigilant these days. But by 17-21 days, the amount of secretions disappears, the dog stops letting the males.
Regardless of whether you need offspring in this pushover, keep your eyes on the dog. Walk it only on a leash and preferably away from walking areas where there are usually many dogs. On any day of estrus, unnecessary anxiety is not needed neither for you, nor for your pet, nor for other people’s males. In addition, even the most exemplary and obedient dog can completely forget about all commands, habits and rush wherever they look. It is at this time that dogs very often run away from home or fall under the wheels. If the dog walks in the courtyard of a private house, you can be a little calmer, but carefully examine and close all the holes in the fence, believe me, a bitch overwhelmed by instincts and a neighbor dog burning with desire, a hole in the fence is not an obstacle. And the netting, from which aviaries are often made, may not save at all. If you have a dog, place the animals in different rooms for the entire period of the empty space and walk strictly separately from each other.
But hormonal drugs that interrupt estrus or an already onset pregnancy should be used only in the most extreme cases, for example, a trip to a large exhibition, where there are inevitably many dogs and the money for which, in case of refusal to participate, is too late to return. But if you have your own car or even just a pet carrier, then estrus is not a problem either. You can keep the dog there most of the time and bring it only to the ring, where it is naturally compared with individuals of the same sex, or even agree to have an expert evaluate the animal individually.
Do not forget about the large number of contraindications for taking hormones. If the dog has not yet given birth, especially if it has its first pity. Forget about these drugs altogether! In any case, consult your veterinarian. And if you are never going to have puppies and estrus is just a regular “headache” for you, consider maybe spaying your dog.
How to tell if your dog has something stuck in his throat?
Keeping track of pets is difficult. Some dog breeds are more energetic than others, while some dogs are just greedier. Therefore, it is almost impossible to look after everything that the pet has picked up.
Suspect that something is wrong with the dog based on the following.
One of the most obvious signs of choking is the noises that your dog makes. The first sign by which the owners understand that the pet has choked is coughing. Dogs can cough for many reasons, but one of the most common is a foreign body getting stuck in the throat.
Dangerous Items for Dogs:
- Large pieces of food;
- Meat and fish bones;
- Toys and plastic bottle caps;
- Fragile sticks and branches.
Causes of a dog’s cough
It is important to remember that a foreign object in the throat is not the only reason dogs can cough. The main causes of cough:
- Cold or flu. In this case, the pet may have a runny nose, discharge from the eyes, and an increase in body temperature.
- Chumka. The viral infection, unfortunately, is much more serious than the common cold. Immediate treatment is necessary as the disease is fatal if not addressed quickly enough.
- Heart disease. The pet usually coughs in the morning. The disease is especially intense in summer, when it is hot and humid outside. And also during physical activity. With such signs, it is necessary to take the four-legged friend to the veterinarian for diagnosis.
- Strangulation. Usually due to inexperience and instability of the owner. If the collar and leash are used incorrectly, the animal experiences painful sensations. Dangerous collars are designed to correct behavior.
First aid for a dog if something gets stuck in its throat
Before contacting the veterinarian, if the dog has something stuck in the throat, it is necessary to urgently provide first aid:
- Open your mouth to examine the entire cavity. Much depends on which foreign body has been swallowed. Sometimes you manage to get the item yourself, but in other cases veterinary assistance is required.
- Tweezers can be used to remove an object stuck in the throat.
- A small dog should be picked up, put upside down and try to remove the object. In the case of large dogs, raising the hind legs can be very helpful.
If it is possible to remove a foreign object, it is advisable to contact your veterinarian to assess the injury and possible treatments. Swallowing any object will cause serious digestive problems in the animal. Certain foods or plants cause nausea, which causes the following symptoms:
- Apathy and lethargy;
- Vomiting or diarrhea;
- Increased salivation;
- Lack of appetite and thirst.
What to do if your dog has something stuck in his throat?
Often during lunch or dinner, a domestic dog looks into the owner’s eyes, asking him for a treat from the table. The moment something falls to the floor, the pet immediately grabs food. This is usually not a problem, as a small piece of food will not harm you. If the bone falls, then sudden swallowing can be very dangerous. The bone can get stuck in the throat.
Treatment to remove objects stuck in the throat
Even if the dog doesn’t look sick, getting something in the throat becomes a veterinary emergency. The more time passes, the worse the treatment will be. The veterinarian may have to resort to surgery to remove an object stuck in the dog’s throat. First of all, the veterinarian will try to locate the foreign body. It is necessary to do an x-ray or ultrasound of organs.
Some of the most common treatments are:
- If you have recently swallowed a foreign object, you may try to induce vomiting.
- Some foreign bodies are removed with an endoscope.
- If the animal has symptoms such as vomiting blood, severe pain, intravenous injections and administration of pain medication are necessary.
The decision about the operation is made, as a rule, on the basis of X-rays and ultrasound results. If a foreign object is in the stomach or intestines, it is removed with an incision in these organs.
How to identify distemper in a dog: how it manifests itself in different forms
In terms of severity, the following forms differ:
2-3 days after infection, the first symptom appears. nasal discharge. They can be serous (i.e. watery) at the very beginning, after they acquire a whitish or greenish tint, pus comes out with them. When the mucus dries, it blocks the nasal openings, which disrupts the natural passage of air into the lungs, provoking swelling and inflammation. During this period, the owner may notice how the dog sneezes, snorts and tries to scratch his nose, and the pet’s breathing becomes sharp and quickens. Another consequence of the virus affecting the respiratory system is purulent pneumonia.
The first signs of this form of distemper in dogs are stool disorders. This is either sudden constipation or diarrhea (blood is present in the feces). Also, there is a discharge of vomit with an admixture of foaming mucus, clots of bile and particles of undigested food. In case of refusal to eat, the animal vomits with yellow or white foam. The main difference between the symptoms of the intestinal form and enteritis is that the dog tries to drink even when its condition worsens. You can determine the disease by the characteristic sour smell emanating from the pet’s body. You can try to palpate the abdomen yourself (it is better to entrust this to the doctor). in an infected animal, it is painful and tense. Also, the veterinarian may note a change in the size of the liver. it increases, which indicates the development of hepatitis.
The symptoms of this form of canine distemper (it is considered one of the mildest) are as follows: the formation of a rash on the face of the nose and mouth, in the ears, on the inner thighs, on the abdomen. After drying, the papules are replaced by crusts. In their place, new formations appear. vesicles, pustules and scabs. This development of the disease is especially dangerous for puppies, in which it is often accompanied by damage to the central nervous system. Another sign of the cutaneous form of Carré disease is swollen paws, eyelids, ears, etc. At the site of the swelling, fluid is released. After it dries, crusts form.
If a dog is sick with this form of distemper, the symptoms may come on suddenly. All of them testify to severely tolerated inflammatory processes. meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis. Paralysis, the occurrence of epileptic seizures is possible. Characteristic signs may appear only 2-6 weeks after the infection of the pet, so the forecasts of doctors are often disappointing. If the animal has weakened after an illness, and its immunity is at zero, symptoms occur without a preliminary increase in temperature and other manifestations of general intoxication. The most common are soreness throughout the body, hypersensitivity, fearfulness, impaired stability and coordination of movements. With encephalitis, there is an increase in temperature, an increase in blood flow to the mucous membranes of the eyes, unhealthy excitement, barking and howling, mainly at night with a short-term improvement and calming in the morning. The dog can hunt imaginary flies, try to catch them with his teeth.
Above, we examined the manifestation of distemper in its various forms in dogs, so that you know what signs become the first symptoms of the disease. The generalized form includes all the features described above. It occurs most often. in 90% of cases. So the division given above can be considered arbitrary, since the disease attacks all systems at once. both the central nervous system, and the lungs, and the skin, and the gastrointestinal tract.
How to feed a dog with distemper?
Doctors recommend a sparing diet with the exclusion of fatty and hard-to-digest foods. A sick animal can be given:
- Minced dietary meat (you can also just grind it, avoiding large pieces);
- Rice-based broth with the addition of soaked crackers;
- Boiled liver;
- Meat broths. weak, beef or chicken;
The room where the infected pet is located should be dry and warm. You can disinfect the room by treating with solutions of sodium salt of chloramide, formic aldehyde. The place where the sick animal slept (bedding, rug, lounger) is destroyed. burned.
Who is the carrier of distemper in dogs and is it transmitted to humans?
This virus infects many animals en masse. Most often they are infected with:
- Raccoons, etc.
Who is at risk? All dogs that have not been vaccinated. Puppies not older than 16 weeks with impaired passive immunity transmitted with breast milk are especially vulnerable.
The carrier of the virus becomes an animal that has become infected and secretes virions during the incubation period or the clinical course of the disease.
Previously, it was believed that a sick dog poses a danger not only to its relatives, but also to humans. Now it has been proven that this is not so: the owner does not have to worry about his health. It is much more important to pay all attention to the pet and provide him with reliable protection from the virus.
Where the causative agent of plague of carnivores can be kept?
- In discharge from the eyes and nose.
- In the air exiting on exhalation.
- In the saliva.
- In excrement (within 10-51 days).
The most important task of the owner to protect the animal from disease is to prevent its contact with an infected animal, to monitor the pet while walking and to protect it by being vaccinated on time.
Distemper in dogs. the first signs, symptoms and treatment
Plague is a ruthless infectious disease. Humanity has experienced more than one epidemic, pandemics often arose. then the fight against the “black death” continued for many years, taking the lives of millions of people. However, how many victims were among our smaller brothers can hardly be counted. it was they who were declared carriers of the infection and were the most unprotected, because they could not help themselves.
As time passed, doctors developed a vaccine to get rid of a deadly infection, and with its discovery, they determined the ways of salvation. But the fact remains: pets are still dying of the plague, because their owners do not know how and how to treat it in dogs, cannot recognize the symptoms in time and waste precious time when the situation can still be corrected. We have already talked about a similar situation arising from infection with piroplasmosis. another serious test for the host. In this article we will try to understand the reasons for the virus entering the animal’s blood and find the answer to the question: is there any hope for a cure??
- 1. What is distemper (plague of carnivores) in dogs: pathogens, symptoms and treatment
- 2. Who is the vector of canine distemper and is it transmitted to humans?
- 3. Where the causative agent of plague of carnivores can be kept?
- 4. How to identify distemper in a dog: how it manifests itself in different forms
- 5. What symptoms are observed in a dog with distemper (photo)
- 6. Is distemper treated in dogs and what is its incubation period??
- 7. How to feed a dog with distemper?
- 8. Can a vaccinated dog get sick with distemper??
- 9. Is it worth trying folk methods?
What is distemper (carnivorous plague) in dogs: pathogens, symptoms and treatment
The very name causes fear among most animal owners. it is believed that salvation is impossible. Cases ending in the recovery of an infected animal are extremely rare. Despite the fact that there are special vaccines to protect your pet from a deadly infection, and doctors carry out complex procedures aimed at improving the condition of a four-legged patient and administer drugs intravenously, the risk of death from infection is incredibly high.
To understand what leads to an attack of such a force on the animal’s body, we will analyze the features of the development of a pathological condition, starting with the identification of the causative agent of plague or Carré’s disease.
- The root cause is a virus containing RNA. It spreads rapidly into the blood and lymph. usually through the respiratory tract or mouth.
- After that, it multiplies (in the epithelium of the esophagus, respiratory tract, organs of the genitourinary system, etc.). The impact exerted on the animal’s body in this case leads to destructive changes in cells, contributes to the destruction of healthy and the emergence of pathogenic microflora, provokes serious disruptions in the functioning of organs of all systems.
- The body affected by the virus becomes painfully sensitive and susceptible to bacteria, viruses and other substances (both dangerous and completely harmless), perceived as potential irritants. That is why treating distemper in dogs requires a visit to the veterinarian and constant monitoring of the condition of the animal. even trying to save can provoke a deterioration.
- Having overcome the barrier separating the hematopoietic system and the central nervous system, the causative agent of the disease affects the brain and spinal cord, causing severe inflammatory processes. In pregnant dogs, the virus infects the fetus in the womb.
A rarely infected animal for a long time does not betray its own position in any way. clinical signs do not appear, and the owner does not know about the latent course of the disease. In these cases, the danger lies in wait not only for the infected pet, but also for those of its four-legged counterparts who come into contact with it.
Is distemper in dogs treated and what is its incubation period??
The virus does not make itself felt in some individuals for 3-4 days, and in some up to 90 days. This is the insidiousness of a deadly disease. an adult dog or a small puppy already carries virions in itself, and its owner does not know about it.
Can Carré Disease Treated? Yes. But all veterinarians say that no one gives guarantees and in most cases you only improve the condition of your pet for a short time. However, there are examples that inspire hope. the stories of those owners who managed to save the pet. Is it possible to help out an animal in critical condition by going to the hospital a few days after the onset of anxiety symptoms? Unfortunately, your delay is a death sentence for the one you tamed.
Is there a drug that can cure a dog of plague, how to get it? Such remedies exist, but only doctors prescribe them. Independent attempts to save a pet can lead to a deterioration in its well-being and an early death.
Most often, a set of procedures is prescribed aimed at eliminating traces of intoxication of the animal’s body, relieving inflammation, and combating degenerative changes in the affected organs:
- A diet is required, in extreme cases. fasting. over, the dog should always have clean water.
- In case of severe exhaustion, artificial feeding is recommended with feeding mixtures directly into the rectum (it is preceded by bowel cleansing).
- In the early stages of the disease, injections are given to maintain the body’s defenses and fight infection (immunoglobulins and leukocyte interferon). Antihistamines and glucocorticoids are also used. In the treatment of canine distemper, antibiotics are also actively used, selected depending on the symptoms, vitamins B and C are introduced.
- In case of inflammatory processes affecting the digestive tract, artificial gastric juice may be prescribed to the animal for some time. Together with him, the doctor prescribes drugs that have antipyretic and analgesic effects. After the onset of improvement, the analgesics are replaced by astringents and drugs with antimicrobial activity.
- To prevent the plague of carnivores, different vaccines are used. they destroy both the causative agent of one (monovalent) and several diseases (polyvalent). The latter are not recommended to prick small puppies. up to 6 months their body is too vulnerable.
The best option is domestic drugs. The following vaccines are currently used by veterinarians:
What symptoms are observed in a dog with distemper (photo)
Specialists distinguish several stages:
- In the first five days, conjunctivitis is considered the main manifestation of the deterioration of the animal’s condition, nasal discharge is watery, white, green. The dog cannot open his eyes, because they are glued together with pus, there is a fear of light. Because of this, the animal settles down in the shade, looking for dark, secluded places.
- How is distemper manifested in dogs in the acute course of the disease and what are its main symptoms? This is a sharp increase in body temperature. up to 41 degrees, a perverted appetite or its complete absence, a strong thirst. the pet constantly wants to drink.
- The subacute form is characterized by fever, which can last up to one to two weeks, weakness and a decrease in overall vitality, dry and hot nose, convulsions, fear (the dog may even be afraid of its owner).
- Symptoms (signs) of complicated plague in dogs determine its treatment. they are very diverse, in addition to the main manifestations of intoxication, hearing loss, vision, paralysis, an increase in internal organs may appear.
Do not forget that the sooner you pay attention to the behavior unusual for your pet, the deterioration in his well-being and take him to a good doctor, the more chances you have to save his life. Often animals who have recovered from the disease remain some signs of the infection they have suffered. epileptic seizures, blindness, tremors in the muscles, etc.
Can a vaccinated dog get sick with distemper??
Unfortunately, the likelihood of catching a deadly virus is high even if you have secured your pet by taking him to the vet on time. No drug available today provides 100% protection against infection. especially if you have not followed the rules for preparing for the vaccine. Also at risk are puppies. their body is not yet strong enough.
Distemper is the least dangerous for vaccinated adult animals. However, do not forget about prevention and hope that today or tomorrow you will be “carried over”. do not forget that pet contacts (not only fights, but even simple curiosity about their own kind) with mongrels are undesirable. Take the puppy for vaccination, and then give the injection again. to reduce the risk of infection.