When to contact your veterinarian?
If it was possible to determine the disease by the symptoms, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
You can’t let the disease take its course, thinking that everything will pass by itself, you need to immediately treat it. The doctor will determine the type of disease and prescribe the correct treatment.
You should be aware that there are other skin conditions in dogs that must be distinguished from trichophytosis in order to prescribe the correct treatment. Such diseases include lichen pink and weeping in dogs. Each of these diseases has its own pathogen and symptoms, therefore, it is treated with appropriate methods. Pityriasis rososa in dogs looks like plaque and itchy skin.
It is not transmitted to other animals and is safe for humans. Weeping lichen in dogs appears as bubbles that burst and secrete a yellowish liquid. This disease is also not transmitted.
Microsporia in dogs is another fungal disease. When spores come into contact with the skin of an animal, the fungus penetrates into deeper layers, causing inflammation. This disease is transmitted through care items and food to both dogs and humans.
Pityriasis versicolor is one of the most common in animals, it usually appears on the back and on the legs and looks like a pink or brown spot. The symptoms are flaking and itching. When scratching, wounds appear, into which the infection enters, and inflammation begins.
Shingles is caused by the herpes virus. The disease can be identified by symptoms in the form of a rash on the skin, usually in the chest area. With the further development of the disease, bubbles appear, which eventually dry out and peel off.
Existing folk remedies against lichen are more intended for humans and adapted to their physiology.
You can remove ringworm in dogs with the following folk remedies:
- With the help of iodine, using not with the drugs described above, but as the main remedy. Deprive must be lubricated at least three to four times a day.
- Instead of iodine, you can use apple cider vinegar, do the procedures 5-6 times a day.
- Cut a clove of garlic and grease with lichen. Then apply a mixture of plantain juice and birch charcoal, diluted in a 1: 1 ratio. You can limit yourself to garlic.
What is trichophytosis?
Trichophytosis doctors refer to diseases called dermatophytosis. They affect the skin, hair and claws of animals. The disease is caused by the Trichophyton fungus. The more common name for the disease is ringworm. Fungal diseases are among the most dangerous, since they are difficult to diagnose and treat.
The photo shows signs of different types of lichen.
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The reasons for the appearance of lichen
Any animal can become infected with ringworm. Infection is transmitted through toys, food through contact with sick animals. In addition, rodents can become the source of the disease. Dogs are most likely to get sick:
- Lowered immunity;
- Poor or inadequate nutrition;
- Infected with parasites: worms or lice;
- Those who have experienced severe psychological stress.
The body of such dogs is weakened and cannot resist the development of the fungus. Therefore, they need to be treated with special agents. The photo shows a dog with signs of lichen on its head.
Ringworm in dogs is caused by a fungus, so antifungal medications should be taken. Treatment should be carried out in combination with ointments, tablets and vaccinations. The fungus does not tolerate iodine, which is found in most products.
These tools include:
First you need to cut off the remaining hair on the spot, rinse the affected area with water, grease with iodine and apply an antifungal agent. It is important that the animal does not lick it off after applying the ointment. To do this, the affected area can be bandaged with a bandage. You need to do the procedures 2-3 times a day. In the photo, anti-lichen cream.
Vaccination with Vakderm and Microderm is prescribed. They must be done twice at weekly intervals. In addition, the doctor may prescribe remedies to strengthen the animal’s immune system to prevent recurrence of the disease. Vitamins and supplements should be included in the dog’s diet. If treatment is started on time, the disease can be cured.
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What does it look like?
The incubation period of the fungus lasts from 10 to 40 days. Symptoms of the disease appear in the breaking off of hairs and the appearance of bare areas on the body. Ulcers and erosion are also signs of the disease. The lesions are usually oval in shape and covered with a grayish crust. Most often, these signs appear in the neck, limbs and head.
In its neglected form, the fungus spreads in the form of spots throughout the body, merging into a single spot. Severe itching may appear. The animal itches and scratches the affected area. If lichen in dogs is not treated in time, then it takes a deep form. In this case, the hair follicles may become inflamed and pus may appear under the crust.
Prevention of the disease
The disease can be prevented by taking preventive measures. To prevent ringworm in a dog, you need:
- Carry out wet cleaning every day using disinfectants;
- Bathe the animal as needed, wash its paws after a walk;
- Avoid contact with stray and sick dogs, as the disease is transmitted by contact;
- Create appropriate hygiene conditions for the dog;
- Provide proper nutrition;
- Timely process the dog’s coat from parasites.
To prevent the disease, you can do anti-infectious vaccination. In the photo, the dog is injected.
Vaccines Vakderm and Microderm are suitable for this. They are done in two doses with an interval of 10 days. If after vaccination the dog becomes ill, then there is no need to worry, this is temporary. The drugs will work more effectively if they are used together with Baksin.
Is there a vaccination against lichen in dogs. Lichen treatment in dogs
When diagnosing lichen in dogs, complex treatment is indicated. It is aimed at solving several problems:
- Destruction of pathogenic microorganisms. the causes of the disease;
- Prevention of the spread of foci and the addition of a secondary infection;
- Elimination of itching, pain;
- Normalization of the pet’s immune system.
For this purpose, external and internal medicines are used in the form of ointments, creams, gels, solutions, tablets. If the disease is detected at the initial stage, external preparations are more often used. With systemic damage to the body, tablets and / or injections are indicated.
Unlike previous species, ringworm (clipped) is a fungal disease. Its development is due to the penetration of fungi of the genus Microsporum or Trichophyton into the skin, causing, respectively, microsporosis or trichophytosis. Ringworm is a dangerous and contagious disease that can be identified by the following:
- Small foci of skin lesions (about 20 mm);
- The color of the spots is from pinkish to brown;
- Their outline is clearly visible;
- Localization. base of the tail, limbs;
- Severe itching;
- Baldness of affected areas.
The infection spreads quickly. If you do not take measures, then in a short time the fungus can lead to the death of the dog.
How to prevent your dog from licking ointment and scratching
Lichen lesions cause severe itching in the pet. When he scratches the affected area, the infection spreads to neighboring healthy tissues, which significantly delays recovery. The same happens if the animal licks the applied ointment.
If the lesions are single, you can glue them with a plaster or bandage them, after putting a gauze swab with ointment on the affected area. A special collar can help prevent scratching of large areas. In the case when the dog resists such a device and takes it off, put on a jumpsuit.
How to apply the ointment correctly
The better the affected area of the dog’s skin is prepared for lichen, the greater the effect can be achieved from the medicinal ointment, therefore, every owner should know the algorithm of actions when treating the infectious focus.
- The following items are prepared in advance: medical rubber gloves, scissors with a blunt end, a metal container and matches, a soap solution, an antiseptic (furacilin, chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide), tweezers, gauze wipes, medicinal ointment.
- Before proceeding directly to the procedure, put on gloves.
- The affected area of the skin is treated with an antiseptic solution.
- If there is hair on the periphery of the lesion, the hair is carefully trimmed at a distance of about 5 mm from the affected epidermis. Cut hair is immediately burned.
- If there are scabs, they are impregnated with a solution of soap until they are completely softened.
- The scabs are removed with tweezers, and the area is again treated with an antiseptic.
- Remove residual moisture with a napkin.
- Apply ointment.
At the end of the treatment of all affected areas, the sheared wool and napkins should be burned.
Types of lichen in dogs
Several types of lichen are diagnosed in dogs, each of which has its own nature, symptoms and approaches to treatment. That is why veterinarians insist that if suspicious spots on the skin are found on the pet’s skin, the owners immediately go to the clinic. At the same time, each owner should know what this or that type of disease looks like. This will allow you to quickly take preventive measures for households (some fungi can be transmitted to humans) and for the animal (stop further spread).
Topical medications for shingles in dogs
At the veterinary pharmacy, there is a large selection of local drugs for treating lichen in dogs. Which remedy is best used in a particular case. the doctor will say after diagnosing the animal. Self-treatment of lichen is not recommended, as it threatens the aggravation of the disease and the development of complications.
Important: all treatment procedures are carried out with gloves!
Nutrition for dogs in the treatment of lichen
Treatment of lichen in dogs must be accompanied by a change in diet. This is especially true for pink and weeping types of the disease, which are of an allergic nature. A special diet is designed to minimize the toxicity and allergenicity of certain foods and substances. Should be excluded from the diet:
- Smoked products;
- Any products containing dyes, flavors, preservatives and other additives.
With weeping lichen, it will take some time to remove meat and meat products from the pet’s menu.
This type of disease is caused by a yeast fungus of the genus Malassezia, which normally lives on the surface of the skin of not only dogs, but also other animals and people. In the absence of damage to the epidermis, strong immunity, the microorganism does not show aggression. Otherwise, the fungus multiplies vigorously, releasing a large amount of corrosive acid, which literally “corrodes” the epidermis.
Another name for lichen is multi-colored. This is due to different shades of lesions: pinkish, brownish, brownish. Another sign is baldness of the affected areas. Since the spots quickly grow and merge, the disease can quickly spread throughout the dog’s body.
Introduction to lichen in dogs
Your dog can become infected with this dangerous disease:
- During a walk, in contact with another sick animal;
- In the event that combs or other devices were used to care for wool, with which the wool of a sick animal was previously treated;
- In addition, some animals can be carriers of lichen even without being sick, that is, without external signs of skin lesions. Get infected
Your dog can almost everywhere, the most important thing is that lichen pathogens are very tenacious: some types of fungi can be active in the environment for up to 18 months. Some types of lichen in dogs are characterized by a high degree of risk of infection for humans. People with reduced immunity, children and the elderly are especially susceptible to infection.
In total, there are several main types of lichen in dogs: weeping, ringworm, pink and pityriasis. Let’s talk about each and the type in detail: including how to treat lichen in a dog in each case.
General about the disease with an explanation of the main points:
Treatment for weeping lichen
How to treat oozing dog lichen? When the first signs of the disease are found, you must contact your veterinarian who will prescribe a course of treatment. It should be noted that weeping lichen in a dog is very difficult to completely cure. The slightest deviation from the course of treatment, and eczema again spreads throughout the body. In this regard, the approach to the treatment of this disease should be comprehensive and under the supervision of a specialist. As a general rule, first you need to establish the allergen that provoked the appearance of eczema in the pet.
|The cause of the disease||Treatment approach|
|If the problem is related to hygiene or parasites living on the animal’s body.||The animal should be thoroughly washed, rid of fleas and kept clean until and after recovery to prevent relapse.|
|If the problem is power related.||It is necessary to revise the diet of the animal, excluding fatty and starchy foods, you may have to adhere to a therapeutic diet for some time and take vitamin and mineral complexes for tetrapods.|
|In parallel with the establishment of the cause and elimination of the allergen, the use of external agents is recommended.||Damaged skin areas can be treated with ointments (YM BK ointment, zinc ointment, ichthyol ointment, sulfur-tar ointment).|
Ointment YAM BK is a natural, non-toxic and at the same time highly effective combined preparation of antifungal action based on salicylic acid, zinc oxide, sulfur, tar, turpentine with the addition of lysol, coal creolin and lanolin. Ointment YM BK is recommended to treat the affected area 1-2 times a day for 1-1.5 weeks. Usually, after a course of treatment with this ointment, the skin at the site of inflammation is completely restored and active hair growth is observed. YAM BK ointment can be combined with other drugs. There are no side effects in the case of correct use of the drug.
Zinc ointment 10% consists of zinc oxide and petroleum jelly. Zinc oxide is known for its drying and antiseptic properties, when applied to an eczema affected area, it creates a protective barrier against irritants, thereby speeding up healing. The affected area is treated with zinc ointment 1-2 times a day for 7-10 days until the skin is completely restored. Zinc oxide is non-toxic and does not cause side effects in recommended doses.
Ichthyol ointment 10% and 20%. The main active ingredient of the drug is ichthyol, a product of the processing of combustible sulfur shale, consisting of the remains of algae, fossil fish and molluscs. Has a pronounced antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antifungal effect. Ichthyol ointment is applied to the affected skin area 1-2 times a day for 7-10 days. Ichthyol ointment is an absolutely natural and safe remedy that is well tolerated by animals, has a wide range of effects, eliminates the increased activity of the sebaceous glands, reduces flaking and skin irritation.
Sulfur tar ointment is a natural remedy consisting of sulfur, tar, salicylic acid, zinc oxide, lysol, lanolin, turpentine and petroleum jelly. Sulfur has a pronounced antifungal effect. Tar, in turn, has a disinfecting and antiparasitic effect. In combination with other components, the active substances of the ointment successfully fight against pathogenic microorganisms and restore damaged skin. Sulfur-tar ointment is applied in a thin layer on the affected skin area 1-2 times a day until complete recovery. This ointment is completely natural and safe for use in dogs.
Lichen in dogs is a dangerous infectious disease of a fungal or viral nature that is localized on the skin surfaces and can lead to various complications. Today we will tell you in detail: what does lichen look like in dogs (with signs of the disease in the photo, including at the initial stage), as well as all the methods of treatment at home.
Weeping lichen in dogs
Wet lichen in dogs has the following symptoms (plus a photo):
- This is an inflamed and gradually growing balding spot that is hot to the touch. The stain looks like a burn at first.
- Further, the affected area is covered with small pustules and a rash.
- After a while, small bubbles begin to burst, and purulent contents flow out of them. By this time, the hair on the affected area falls out completely, and the skin becomes covered with purulent mucus, subsequently the formation of crusts begins, consisting of the dead upper stratum corneum.
Without proper treatment, weeping lichen inflammation quickly grows and spreads throughout the dog’s body. The animal can brush or lick the affected areas. It is characteristic that weeping lichen in dogs is not contagious to humans.
Treatment of lichen in dogs at home
As you already understood from the first block of our article, before starting treatment for lichen in a dog at home, you need to progressively do 2 things: contact a specialist and make an accurate diagnosis. And already understanding with what type of disease you are faced with starting therapy. Nevertheless, there are cases when it is not possible to consult a doctor, then (and only then) our actions are as follows: we make sure that the symptoms of deprivation in a dog fully correspond to one of the types that we described, including the same examples in the photo. then at your own peril and risk you can start treatment.
General guidelines for treating lichen in dogs are as follows:
- We determine the cause of the infection and first of all we fight with it;
- Along the way, we alleviate the symptoms of lichen in a dog with the help of the ointments indicated in the lists above.
How is ringworm in dogs treated? If the first signs of the disease are found, you should immediately contact your veterinarian and take the appropriate tests. If there is no way to go to a veterinary clinic, it is permissible to start treatment at home. The area around the affected skin should be carefully cut off, washed with warm water and treated with an antiseptic. Further, antifungal ointments (Miconazole, Clotrimazole) are recommended as treatment. YAM BK ointment is also suitable for treating ringworm in dogs. There are a large number of veterinary drugs based on clotrimazole (Sanoderm, Fungin). Imaverol has proven itself in the fight against fungal skin lesions in dogs.
Miconazole ointment. a synthetic drug with a pronounced antifungal and antibacterial effect against a wide range of pathogens. Miconazole is applied in a thin layer in the morning and evening to the affected skin of the dog. Treatment for ringworm in a dog is continued for 3-6 weeks until complete recovery. There are no side effects in case of correct use of the drug. Allergic reactions are possible in case of individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Clotrimazole ointment. an effective synthetic drug intended for the treatment of various kinds of mycoses, incl. And ringworm in dogs. Clotrimazole is applied 2-3 times a day to the surface of the skin affected by shingles and continue to use for 4 weeks or more until complete recovery. There are no side effects in case of correct use of the drug. Allergic reactions are possible with individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Sanoderm. a complex veterinary drug based on betamethasone, gentamicin and clotrimazole. Betamethasone has a powerful antihistamine and anti-inflammatory effect, gentamicin is a broad spectrum antibiotic of bactericidal action, and clotrimazole is an antifungal component. Sanoderm is used 1-2 times a day, applying a thin layer to the affected areas for 2-4 weeks. The drug is not recommended to continue to be used in the absence of positive dynamics in the treatment of the disease. The ointment is used with caution in case of impaired liver and adrenal gland function in a dog. Sanoderm is a fairly strong and toxic agent for the dog’s body. Be sure to check with your veterinarian before use.
Fungin. antifungal veterinary drug based on clotrimazole with the addition of glycerin and propolis. Glycerin and propolis, which are part of this drug, not only enhance the antimycotic effect of clotrimazole, but also relieve irritation and have a beneficial effect on the skin in the affected area, restoring and healing it. Fungin is released in the form of a spray, which is sprayed on the affected skin areas, or a bandage soaked in this solution is applied for 1.5-2 weeks. Fungin is a non-toxic, and therefore preferred, means of fighting ringworm in dogs.
Imaverol. a substance containing enilconazole as an active antimycotic component. This drug is available in liquid form and is recommended for use in a diluted form in a ratio of 1/50. Dilute 10 ml of Imaverol in 500 ml of warm water. This solution is used to treat areas of the dog’s skin affected by the fungus with an interval of 3 days. In total, you need to carry out 4 treatments. The drug diluted in the required proportions is rubbed into the affected skin, it is also permissible to gently immerse the dog in a container with an active substance. This emulsion is used in the same proportions to treat the room where the sick animal is.
Pink lichen in dogs
What does pink lichen look like in dogs: it is a pink spot with a diameter of no more than 3 cm, which flakes and itches, giving your dog a lot of discomfort. After a while, the stain becomes covered with an easily traumatized dry skin crust. Near the focus of inflammation, smaller, similar pink spots may appear, which also flake and itch. For a person, pink lichen is not dangerous.
The appearance of lichen pink is usually associated with a decrease in immunity, since puppies, weakened or elderly dogs are mainly susceptible to the disease. The causative agent of lichen pink is believed to be the herpes virus (at the moment there is no exact scientific data on this issue). This is the only type of lichen that can spontaneously disappear after 2-3 months without any treatment. However, general recommendations for feeding, hygiene and caring for a sick dog must be followed, as immunity and, as a result, the speed of recovery of your pet depends on it.
Pink versicolor in dogs in the photo:
Ringworm in dogs
What does ringworm look like in dogs? It’s believed that this is the most common and most dangerous type of this disease. Typically, the symptoms of lichen in dogs are small spots (up to 2 cm in diameter) pink or brown with a well-defined border, which appear most often on the legs and at the base of the tail of the dog. This type of disease is characterized by complete hair loss in the affected area. The spots itch a lot, bringing excruciating discomfort to the animal. If left untreated, ringworm in dogs spreads rapidly throughout the body and can be fatal. The disease is of an infectious nature and is caused by fungi of the genus Microsporum or Trichophyton.
Ringworm in a dog in the initial stage in the photo:
Attention! Ringworm spreads from dog to person. Some statistics:
- Children are most susceptible to this disease.
- Boys get sick 5 times more often than girls.
- And among adults, women are more prone to ringworm disease than men.
- People with red hair rarely get this disease. So if you are a red-haired girl, you are definitely in luck. # 128578;
Pityriasis versicolor in dogs
Pityriasis versicolor in dogs is a very common type of lichen that is caused by yeast-like fungi. This disease begins gradually with the appearance of a small pinkish spot on the body or head of the dog. As the fungus spreads, spots may appear all over the body and range in color from yellow to brown. Also, stains can peel off and cause discomfort to the dog. Pityriasis versicolor can be transmitted to humans.
If signs of this disease are detected, you should contact a specialist to carry out the necessary tests and studies. Pityriasis versicolor in dogs is also treated with antifungal ointments (YM BC, Miconazole, Clotrimazole, and others).
Deprive from cats and dogs. Treatment of lichen in a dog
Everyone who has a four-legged pet should know how to cure lichen in a dog. Comprehensive treatment is mandatory, which includes local and systemic (with the use of drugs in the form of tablets and injections) therapy.
There are many good medications for dog lichen:
- Antifungal ointments: Ketoconazole, Dermatol, Yam, Exoderil, sulfuric ointment.
- Tinctures and extracts: Yuglon, hellebore tincture.
- Sprays: Fungin, Zoomekol.
- Antibiotics and antifungal drugs: Fluconazole, Griseofulvin, Ketoconazole.
If the dog has a lot of hair loss or bald patches, it is recommended to use special shampoos: Nizoral or Imaverol.
Before you start treating ringworm, you need to cut the hair around the bald spot by 2-3 cm.Before each application of the ointment, it is necessary to treat the skin with iodine.
The ointment for the disease is applied not only to the affected area, but also to healthy skin around the spot. It is necessary to observe the animal so that it does not lick the medicine. For this there is a special protective collar.
Types of lichen in dogs
The following types of dermatophytosis are differentiated:
- Pink lichen. This is the most dangerous species. From a rather large spot, called the maternal plaque, small yellow-pink spots are formed. Bald skin flakes off. With such a lichen in dogs, medication may not be needed, because the disease often goes away on its own after 1-1.5 months.
- Ringworm (trichophytosis). It is trichophytosis that a person becomes infected from a pet. Caused by two types of fungi. The disease can be observed on the body, head, face, paws including claws.
Ringworm in dogs is as follows:
- The pet refuses to eat;
- A rash appears, accompanied by itching;
- Alopecia areata of an oval or round shape appear;
- If boils develop, the pus forms crusts.
Lichen in dogs and cats is more common among young animals
Other types of disease:
- Weeping lichen. It is not contagious because it develops as a result of allergies. In this case, there are: swelling, rashes, bubbles that burst, contents flow out of them, scratching, cracks, crusts.
- Pityriasis versicolor. This is the most common form of the disease in dogs. It starts with a pink speck. With pityriasis versicolor in dogs, the affected skin can be yellow to brown in color, which is why this lichen is called multi-colored. Observed on the neck, back and limbs.
- Shingles. It is caused by the herpes virus. Initially, itching appears in the costal part and on the abdomen. Later, bubbles with liquid contents appear. Bursting bubbles form crusts. Herpes can occur anywhere.
How to cure lichen in a dog with folk remedies. Causes of lichen in dogs
What a dog’s lichen looks like, every person should know. This is necessary so that the disease does not spread from sick animals to healthy ones. In addition, it is important to know that ringworm that has developed in a pet is infectious to humans. Therefore, you should not contact children and the elderly with a sick four-legged friend.
The lichen itself is not life-threatening, but the infected animal becomes a target for other pathogenic microorganisms.
What to do if signs of lichen are found? In such a situation, contacting a veterinarian and treatment should be immediate. Fungal colonies should not be allowed to grow.
There are 2 ways of infection:
- The fungus is transmitted from a sick animal if a healthy individual lies on a bedding or ate from a patient’s bowl, played with toys;
- Pathogenic fungus gets on the wool from the soil.
The risk of infection increases if the four-legged friend has a weakened immune system, which happens in such cases:
- The female has puppies for feeding.
- Postpartum period.
- Poor nutrition.
- Postponed viral disease.
- Oncological disease.
What does lichen look like in a dog, every person should know
In a dog, the focus of the disease first appears in one place, then spreads further along the body. The behavior of the animal changes: it becomes lethargic, apathetic. From lichen in dogs hair falls out, the skin becomes crusted, cracks, peeling are possible. Most often, symptoms are observed on the limbs, muzzle and below the abdomen (underbelly), claws may crack. In a puppy, lichen appears on the head and limbs.
The best treatments for lichen in dogs
Skin diseases are common in dogs: allergies, dermatitis, insect and mite infestations. Lichen in dogs is one of the skin conditions called dermatophytosis. It is caused by fungi and other types of pathogenic microorganisms.
Lichen in dogs is a skin condition called dermatophytosis
Other methods of treatment and prevention of the disease
There are many ways how to treat the described disease in a four-legged friend using folk methods. A good result is the lubrication of the affected skin with such substances:
- 5-6 times a day with apple cider vinegar.
- Tar three times a day.
- Used engine oil.
- Finely grated garlic.
For home treatments, you can use garlic to lubricate stains in the following combinations:
- A mixture of garlic juice with honey (several times a day, the course lasts 1 week);
- A mixture of garlic juice with wine vinegar (3-5 times a day until recovery);
- Garlic juice, diluted in half with camphor oil (3-4 times a day).
Treating ringworm is troublesome and expensive. Therefore, it is better to prevent the disease. For the prevention of dermatophytosis it is necessary:
- Regularly examine your pet’s coat and skin;
- Treat the dog’s belongings from parasites;
- Avoid contact with stray or sick animals.
It is important that the treatment is brought to the full recovery of the pet, and not stopped after the first positive results.
Most skin diseases cannot be distinguished from each other on the basis of a simple examination. To make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment, the veterinarian will conduct a series of studies on the skin scales. In some cases, a blood test for hormones is indicative.
Pyoderma is diagnosed on the basis of bacterial and cytological tests. To detect demodicosis, a scraping of the deep layers of the skin is taken. Dermatomyositis is confirmed after biopsy.
Ringworm is diagnosed using fluorescent and microscopic examinations.
Bald spots can appear on the body and head of a dog for one of the following reasons:
- Irrational feeding. Lack of vitamins, minerals, proteins can cause focal hair loss.
- Mechanical damage to the skin (trauma, injection, burn, bite, abrasion).
- Pyoderma. The disease is caused by the coccal flora and is contagious. The primary symptom is the appearance of rounded red foci with purulent eruptions, framed by scales. Later, these places are overgrown with a crust and bald, the skin on them darkens and coarsens. The defeat of bacteria in the deep layers of the epidermis contributes to the formation of fistulas and abscesses.
- Demodectic mange. A parasitic skin disease that causes focal hair loss, accompanied by skin flushing, itching, flaking, and sometimes bleeding. often a bald spot appears on a dog’s paw or in the muzzle. A severe drop in immunity can cause a generalized form of demodicosis, in which most of the body is affected. Severe form is accompanied by loss of appetite and a drop in temperature.
- Dermatomyositis. The inflammatory process of the skin and muscle tissue is caused by malfunctions in the immune system. The most susceptible breeds are with a hard coat. The initial symptom is the appearance of nodules, which subsequently burst, overgrow with a crust and go bald. The main areas of damage are the nose, ears, limbs, and the area around the eyes. Muscle damage is manifested by difficulties in walking, chewing and swallowing food.
- Dermatophytosis (ringworm). Its symptoms are rounded, inflamed, crusty areas where the coat breaks off as if it had been shorn. Lichen in dogs occurs with pronounced symptoms and it is very difficult not to notice it.
- Autoimmune alopecia. Round bald patches appear on the body, not accompanied by itching.
- Sarcoptic mange (scabies). Hairless lesions are most common on the ears, but other areas may also be affected. Itching so severe that the dog bites into the coat.
- Follicular dysplasia. A hereditary disease in which the structure of the coat changes, the hair follicles are destroyed, a bald spot appears on the back of the dog, less often on the abdomen and limbs.
- Allergic reaction. Occurs on bites of ectoparasites, foods, chemicals, drugs, plants, itching and rash, focal hair loss.
- Atopic dermatitis. The disease is transmitted genetically, exacerbations occur as a reaction to an allergen (pollen, dust, tick bite. Fungi, proteins). Affects the face, groin and axillary region, the space between the fingers.
- Hormonal Disorders. In this case, the dog will have several symmetrically located bald spots on the body. A bald spot on the belly of a dog can occur during hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, lactation and diseases of the reproductive organs.
The dog has a bald spot. is it worth sounding the alarm?
The appearance of a bald spot in a dog should not go unnoticed. It can be the result of fungal, parasitic, hormonal and autoimmune diseases that must be treated.
Poor quality care, mechanical damage to the skin and an allergic reaction can also cause focal baldness.
- Photo of dogs with a bald spot
The mainstay of treatment for pyoderma is taking antibiotics for several weeks or even months. Rashes and crusts are treated with anti-inflammatory ointments and shampoos. You can only touch a sick animal with gloves.
Atopic dermatitis is treated with steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In case of allergy, it is necessary to identify the allergen and avoid contact with it.
Treatment of demodicosis includes tick remedies Ivermectin and Doramectin, and only the latter drug is suitable for the Collie and Sheltie breeds. Antibiotic therapy is prescribed if necessary.
Treatment of dermatomyositis begins with cleansing the skin of crusts and scales. Of the drugs, Pentoxifylline, Prednisolone, vitamin E are prescribed. The addition of an infection requires taking antibiotics. Early stage sarcoptic mange is treatable with antiparasitic drugs.
There is no specific therapy for follicular dysplasia. It is important to avoid exacerbation factors (hypothermia, overheating) and follow a diet with high levels of essential fatty acids. Also used anti-seborrheic and antibacterial ointments, shampoos.
Treatment for ringworm begins by isolating the dog in a separate room. The animal is prescribed antifungal ointments (Fungin, Miconazole, Dermatol); preparations Griseofulvin, Intraconazole; immunostimulants and vitamins.