home Dogs What To Do If A Dog Is Bitten By An Encephalitis Tick

What To Do If A Dog Is Bitten By An Encephalitis Tick

What to do if a tick is found on a dog

After the examination reveals a tick sticking out of the dog’s body, it is better to pull it out as soon as possible. The sooner the fact of a tick bite in a dog is revealed, the symptoms and treatment will be easier, and the outcome will be more favorable.

What To Do If A Dog Is Bitten By An Encephalitis Tick

The duration of the bite of an infectious tick in a dog is of great importance, since the entry of pyroplasmas into the victim’s body is not interrupted during the period of feeding the bloodsucker. Accordingly, the earlier this process is stopped, the fewer infectious agents will enter the dog’s blood, and the easier and more successful the treatment will be.

Feeling the dog, you need to carefully walk through the folds, front suspension and neck, look into the ears, do not forget about the groin.

  • A sucked tick is felt through the fur, like a hard bump the size of a pea or a small raisin, depending on the size of the portion of blood that the parasite has managed to absorb.
  • Having parted the wool in a suspicious place and finding a protruding swollen tick, it is removed.
  • If a veterinarian is available, it is best to have this extraction procedure done by a specialist. But since time does not stand, then in the absence of such an opportunity, you can pull out the parasite on your own.
  • The best and most convenient way is to remove it with tweezers, when the tick is covered with a tool near the skin, where the proboscis entered the body, and, turning to either side, with a slight pulling movement, the whole bloodsucker is removed and alive.
  • If you don’t have tweezers at hand, you can pull out the bloodsucker by hand, wrapped in a napkin or bandage with your fingers. The actions are the same. grab as close to the skin as possible, twist and extract.
  • After removing the parasite, the wound on the dog’s skin must be carefully disinfected, the tick must be burned, scalded, or thoroughly crushed between layers of paper or cloth, and only then discarded.

How is piroplasmosis treated?

Treatment for an infected dog after a tick bite is based on laboratory findings. Blood under a microscope clearly shows the presence of pyroplasmas. The therapy is aimed in a complex at destroying pathogens and cleansing the dog’s body from intoxication caused by the activity of the infection.

  • Treatment is prescribed exclusively by a veterinarian, self-medication is unacceptable and entails negative consequences for the dog.
  • You can often find folk advice on how to treat a dog after a tick bite. Exotic recipes are offered, up to the infusion of vodka.
  • This is absolutely not worth doing! Not only will such an alternative therapy not help the dog, but a precious chance to really cure the pet will be missed.!

What to do if a tick is not found on the dog, but there are symptoms of piroplasmosis

Very often there is a picture when no tick was found in the dog, and the dog suddenly gets sick, and the symptoms resemble piroplasmosis.

  • This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that either, when examining the dog, the parasite had not yet had time to suck, but only wandered in the wool in search of a convenient place, or, having had enough, it had already fallen off without being detected.
  • Such cases are dangerous in that the owners write off the dog’s malaise by accidental poisoning or some other disease, and sometimes they begin their own improper treatment.
  • The absence of a protruding bloodsucker on the dog’s body makes it difficult to link symptoms with a tick bite in a dog, what to do. many in such cases do not know. The most important thing here is to pay attention to the color of the urine! If it has darkened, then there is piroplasmosis! The diagnosis is confirmed by a blood test taken from the dog at the veterinary clinic.

Treatment and nutrition of a sick and recovering dog

The bite of an infectious tick in a dog causes symptoms that require treatment and special nutrition, that is, a complex for caring for a sick animal.

After the dog has been bitten by a tick and piroplasmosis is detected, it is transferred to a diet and adheres to this regimen until complete recovery.

  • Meals include a light diet without heavy animal fats. chicken fillet, beef tenderloin, oatmeal.
  • Food must be freshly prepared, water must be clean, you can drink rosehip broth without sugar.
  • The veterinarian, in order not to prepare food for the dog every time, can advise a ready-made commercial food suitable for this period.
  • The gentle regime also applies to walking. training, hunting, competitions and exhibitions are postponed until the veterinarian allows.
  • The load on the body of a recovering dog should be minimal. a leisurely step, short walks for short distances, restrictions on outdoor games.

The duration of treatment and recovery of the dog depends on the severity of the infection, and may take 1. 2 months or more. To control severely ill-tolerated dogs, you will have to donate blood again and show the pet to the doctor.

What are the symptoms of piroplasmosis in a dog

Owners of barking pets who first encounter a tick-borne attack do not really understand what symptoms to expect from a tick bite in a dog and what to do in the future. After all, many signs of piroplasmosis are similar to other canine sores. plague, enteritis, leptospirosis, which are not associated with a tick bite and require a completely different treatment.

A special problem is caused by the frequent fact when the dog was bitten by a tick, but it was not found on the body, and the owner may not realize for a long time that the deterioration of the condition of his four-footed friend is associated with a tick.

In each dog, the infection manifests itself in a purely individual way. The presence of pyroplasmas in the blood is more difficult to tolerate:

  • Puppies;
  • Young dogs;
  • Chronically sick dogs;
  • Purebred dogs.

Therefore, an understanding of the picture of the disease and what symptoms clearly indicate it will help start emergency treatment on time.

  • The earliest signs to help alert the owner is a decrease in dog activity. The dog loses its usually inherent playfulness, does not show joy, becomes apathetic, does not ask for a walk, stops jumping and running carelessly.
  • The next initial symptoms that allow one to suspect piroplasmosis are loss of appetite and refusal not only from food, but also from a previously loved and desired delicacy. Nutrition becomes problematic. the dog literally fails to feed. The fact that the dog turns away from the treat is the SOS signal in the early days of infection.!
  • After, on the 3rd. 5th day, more alarming signs of digestion appear. vomiting, often mucus, because the dog remained hungry all this time, and sometimes diarrhea with a characteristic bright yellow or greenish color of liquid masses. The symptoms of diarrhea are not always observed, the stool may look normal, but the color changes to the indicated.
  • At the same time, you can already notice that the dog is trying to move less, as if it brings him suffering. Her steps are constrained, she prefers to constantly lie away from the master’s eyes and not leave a secluded place. Such symptoms already indicate the progression of the disease.
  • But the main signs of piroplasmosis are associated with a change in the color of urine. it darkens noticeably, acquiring a resemblance to beer or coffee, or it can change to a dark brown color. Such symptoms unmistakably indicate precisely the pyroplasmas in the blood that destroy red blood cells, and the need to urgently begin treatment, otherwise irreversible processes can soon kill the dog.
  • In healthy adult dogs, the picture may be completely asymptomatic, when the dog dies suddenly for the owners, without showing any special signs of discomfort before this. But an attentive owner, even with the usual behavior of his dog, will notice an altered suspicious color of urine, and guess that this is due to the consequences of a tick bite on his dog.

How a dog gets piroplasmosis

Tick ​​on the dog’s body

Pyroplasmas have two types of hosts during their cyclic development. The first as intermediate are dogs, foxes, wolves, jackals and other canines, and the second as the final ones are ixodid ticks, in the body of which pyroplasmas reproduce and further transform.

Females. carriers of the infection transfer it to the laid eggs, from where the already infected larvae emerge. Therefore, at the larval stage, and in the future, such a tick, biting a healthy dog, will infect it with an infection.

Peak outbreaks in dogs coincide with tick-borne activity, which, unlike the threat to humans, is more extended over time. Because the larvae and nymphs practically do not bite a person, but a dog for them is a completely accessible victim. This is when the threatening tick bite symptoms occur in the dog.

Registration of cases of piroplasmosis occurs throughout the entire period of positive temperatures. from the very beginning of spring to the end of autumn, without stopping even in the middle of summer, when it is the larvae and nymphs that begin to hunt. But general outbreaks traditionally occur in mid. late spring and late summer. mid autumn.

The dog, running on the ground covered with vegetation, becomes an easy target for the bloodsuckers waiting for a victim there. It is enough for them to simply catch on to the wool, and then calmly under its cover to look for a convenient place for sucking and unhurried saturation for several hours, which for females of the parasite can drag on for several days.

Therefore, for a pet, even if it is treated with an anti-mite agent, it is better to do a scrupulous examination after each walk through the thickets of grass and bushes, probing especially vulnerable and preferred places by bloodsuckers on the body:

  • Head and ear area;
  • Neck and chest;
  • Front and hind feet, groin area.

Unfortunately, not a single, even the best remedy will completely save the dog from tick-borne attacks, which is why dog ​​owners should not lose their vigilance in a dangerous season. if treatment is not started on time, the death of the pet is inevitable.

Naturally, the symptoms of piroplasmosis in a dog after a tick bite will not be caused by every parasite found on it, but visually, alas, no one can determine whether a tick is dangerous or sterile.

Therefore, already only one fact of the presence of a sucking bloodsucker on a pet is obliged to alert the responsible owner, ignoring and frivolity in such cases often leads to the loss of a four-legged friend.

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What signs and symptoms are after a tick bite in a dog

If on the street the dog is bitten by a tick, then the consequences can be negative, and sometimes, alas, and lethal. She is at risk of infection with piroplasmosis, an infection caused by protozoa of the genus Piroplasma canis for canines. You can also find another name for the disease. babesiosis.

These pathogens live in the salivary glands of a tick infected with pyroplasmas, and get there when the bloodsucker feeds on the blood of a sick animal. After piroplasmas are transmitted from parasites to new generations, so their larvae and nymphs can also cause disease.

Infection with piroplasmosis in dogs leads to high mortality, so it is so important not to miss the characteristic symptoms after a bite in order to start treating on time and not to lose a four-legged friend.

Prevention of tick bites in dogs

To prevent the very possibility of a tick bite in a dog, it is required to regularly treat it with anti-mite agents. drops to the withers area, sprays, or wear an acaricidal collar.

Hunting breeds that are most at risk of becoming a victim of a tick attack can be comprehensively treated to increase the guarantee of protection:

  • Drops plus collar;
  • Drops plus spray;
  • Collar plus spray.

A recent development. tablets inside, which protect the dog from parasite attacks for 3 months, have shown themselves well and have been tested by domestic veterinarians.

You can vaccinate your pet for the season against piroplasmosis with the vaccines “Nobivak Pyro” or “Pirodog”. But they do not guarantee one hundred percent protection due to the weak degree of acquired immunity, but they successfully neutralize the risk of death.

When to sound the alarm

The tick itself is not dangerous, it cannot drink all the blood. But it is a carrier of blood parasites that settle in red blood cells and destroy them. They multiply very quickly, and if you do not take action, this will lead to the death of the animal in 98% of cases. Many owners get scared if the dog is bitten by a tick. What to do in such a situation? First of all, don’t panic. It happens that a dog brings ticks on the withers all spring, but it never gets sick. Usually from 3 to 14% of the entire generation of bloodsucking are infected. Therefore, you should remove the tick and observe your pet. Any change in behavior or condition. This is a reason to go to a veterinary clinic.

A dog was bitten by a tick: what to do at home? Tick ​​bite symptoms

Spring days beckon to the forest or the river. Of course, your dog does not want to stay in a cramped apartment, and you take him with you so that he can play plenty of fresh grass. Sorry, it’s spring. This is also a time of increased danger to meet a tick. Waking up after hibernation, these insects are very active, they need fresh blood for life and reproduction. If a dog is bitten by a tick, what to do?

Preventive measures

Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. There are many products on the market today that are designed to prevent tick bites. This is a collar, drops on the withers, spray, powder. Since they do not offer 100% protection against ticks, owners often use several species together. For example, they put on a collar, supplement its action with drops on the withers, which last for several months, and before each trip to nature they are additionally treated with a spray. This significantly reduces the risk of disease and is much less expensive than treatment and rehabilitation therapy. But if the dog is bitten by a tick, the signs will not keep you waiting. Don’t comfort yourself with the thought that you have completely protected your pet. The sooner the correct diagnosis is made, the easier the treatment will be.

Rehabilitation therapy

So, the dog was bitten by a tick. Piroplasmosis was identified and successfully defeated. It would seem, what more could you want. And the dog is still sluggish, asleep and does not want to eat. This condition is normal on the first day, but if it does not get better the next day, you need to tell your doctor about it.

In any case, within ten days you will need to take her to the vet, inject vitamins, saline solutions, drugs that improve the functioning of the heart, restore the functions of the liver, gallbladder, and gastrointestinal tract. It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the animal; at the slightest deterioration, it is necessary to undergo a repeated analysis for piroplasmosis.

Re-infection is possible. Immunity is not formed. over, each subsequent infection will be more difficult to tolerate than the previous one. The animal may not survive the third bite.

What is the danger of a tick bite?

Microscopic parasites carried by this insect settle in the blood, destroy its cells, completely disrupting metabolic processes and causing severe intoxication. Symptoms normally appear 6-10 days after the bite. But they depend on the form of the disease. With its hyperacute course, the symptoms appear literally on the second day, and this ends with the death of the animal.

The acute form occurs quite often, we observe its manifestation within a week after the dog was bitten by a tick. “What to do at home?”. This is the question most often asked by animal owners. Unfortunately, without special tests and medication, you cannot do anything. See your veterinarian as soon as possible. There is a chronic form, which is extremely difficult to diagnose. A short rise in temperature and lethargy are replaced by an improvement in the condition, after which the animal again refuses food. Such fluctuations can last long enough, but gradually the weakness increases, the animal gets tired quickly, it rarely has a good appetite.

Treating your pet

As already mentioned, if a dog is bitten by a tick, the consequences can be dire. Therefore, in the spring-summer period, it is required to pay maximum attention to the four-legged friend. Even the smallest deviation in behavior can be a reason for consulting a veterinarian. Tests for piroplasmosis are done quickly and are inexpensive, so even if you are reinsured, nothing bad will happen.

Even if you are sure that the dog was bitten by a tick, a professional should decide how to treat it based on ready-made tests. Often in a veterinary clinic, they are guided by symptoms and prescribe antiparasitic drugs, without waiting for the return of tests from the laboratory. You should insist that the doctor wait until the diagnosis is confirmed, especially since today it takes just a few minutes.

Remember that all modern antiparasitic drugs are very toxic and strike not only the pyroplasm, but also the animal’s body. If you limit yourself to one injection, then the health consequences can be fatal. Kidneys and liver, gastrointestinal tract suffer, immunity is destroyed. That is why a long rehabilitation is required, and it cannot be neglected.

First aid

There are situations when you are far out of town, in a village, and your pet begins to develop unfavorable symptoms. When the animal has refused to drink and eat, try to stay hydrated. Try pouring 100-150 ml of liquid into your mouth every hour. If the animal is vomiting, then it is better to give an enema or subcutaneous injection in the same amount. The body will take up the necessary fluid. If the animal is large and you cannot take it to the clinic for analysis, do it yourself. Rub the dog’s ear with alcohol, use a sharp scalpel to cut a blood vessel close to the edge, and collect the blood on a glass plate. Dry a little, and you can go to the laboratory or veterinary clinic, and let your pet wait.

Three times a day, you need to inject subcutaneously 20 ml of glucose, as well as vitamins B6 and B12, in an ampoule once a day. But without antiparasitic drugs, your pet will not recover, and it is very dangerous to inject them without tests. Only if there is no way to get to the veterinary clinic, where a blood test can be done, and the most appropriate clinical picture is observed (a sharp increase and subsequent decrease in temperature, dark urine, pale mucous membranes), you can independently inject the drug “Azidin” or “Veriben”. You can enter 1 ml of a 7% solution per 20 kg of body weight.

Is encephalitis dangerous for dogs

Until now, we have talked about the disease piroplasmosis. Encephalitis is primarily dangerous for humans, but against the background of weakened immunity, it can also affect the animal. If a dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, the symptoms can be severe. Incubation period. 2-3 weeks. Usually the temperature rises, convulsions develop, motor functions are impaired, and paralysis is possible. Hypersensitivity of the head and neck, severe pain is often manifested. Behavior can vary from apathetic to aggressive. Later, paralysis of the facial and eye muscles occurs. If the dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, there is no specific treatment, and the prognosis is usually poor, with a high probability of death.

Symptoms We Should Know

If your dog is bitten by a tick, symptoms will begin to appear within the first week. With a lightning-fast course of the disease, they will develop so rapidly that you will not have time to take action. But this is not a very common form of piroplasmosis. Usually there is a sharp rise in temperature up to 41-42 degrees. Please note that this symptom does not appear all the time. This is only a reaction to the introduction of parasites, and after one or two days the temperature will return to normal, and later will begin to decrease. Therefore, after removing the tick, be sure to check the temperature in the dog’s anus every day. Normally, it is 38.5 degrees.

The difficulty in diagnosing is that if a dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms may vary. But almost everyone has a refusal to eat, apathy, drowsiness. Trembling, shortness of breath and pale mucous membranes are also characteristic. Often, animals begin to roll over on their backs and whine, they are tormented by pain in the abdomen. Bitches may have vaginal bleeding.

If your dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms will increase, so don’t waste time, tomorrow it will only get worse. There may be unsteadiness of gait, failure of the hind limbs. This is not typical, but vomiting and diarrhea sometimes occur. A little later, a fetid odor from the mouth is observed, and the urine darkens, blood may appear in it.

The main symptoms of a tick bite in a dog

Every dog ​​owner should know the signs of a tick bite. If the current is lightning fast, then something cannot be done, in this case the disease wins in any situation. But this is a rather rare form of the disease, and in most cases, an acute form of the disease is observed. It is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • An increase in body temperature to 40-42C. it is worth noting that the temperature lasts for about 24-48 hours, then it normalizes, and a little later begins to decrease. It is worth worrying if the thermometer shows less than 38.5 C.
  • Another common symptom is lethargy. The animal shows little activity, does not run for walks, often lies.
  • In most cases, food refusal is observed.
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Other symptoms are optional, but sometimes present in infected animals:

  • Dyspnea;
  • Chills;
  • The mucous membranes turn pale;
  • The dog may lie on its back and whine plaintively (this is a reaction to pain in the abdomen);
  • Females may start bleeding from the vagina;
  • The pet may begin to stagger when walking, this happens when the hind limbs fail;
  • Rarely, digestive upset in the form of diarrhea and vomiting may occur.

With a significant development of the infection, a putrid odor begins to emanate from the pet’s mouth, the urine becomes dark, with blood impurities.

Why is a tick bite dangerous?

The smallest parasites that are carried by ticks, penetrating into red blood cells, destroy cells, provoke a serious violation of metabolic processes and severe intoxication.

Usually, the first signs of the disease are observed 6-10 days after a tick bite. But the intensity of the symptoms and their manifestation depends on the form in which the disease proceeds:

  • Hyperacute course of the disease. signs of infection appear on the second day, infection leads to the death of the pet.
  • Acute course is the most common form of the disease, symptoms appear after 5-7 days.
  • The chronic form of the disease is very difficult to diagnose. The pet has a short rise in temperature, weakness and lethargy, then a period of improvement begins. Then the dog suddenly refuses to eat for no apparent reason. Such fluctuations of the state last long enough, but nevertheless the disease wins. the pet becomes weak, constantly tired, his appetite disappears.

Naturally, owners have a question: “How can you help a dog at home?” But this is the case when the only correct decision is to deliver the animal to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. Only after diagnosis, the doctor prescribes appropriate medications. Without them, the dog has no chance of a cure.

Does a tick always infect a dog

If we take into account the parasite itself, then it is not dangerous for the dog, because even eating blood, it cannot bleed the animal. The threat lies in the fact that ticks are carriers of parasitic microorganisms that settle in erythrocytes and gradually destroy them. They multiply very intensively, and if you do not conduct emergency therapy, then only 2% of affected animals have a chance of survival.

Of course, such statistics scare dog owners, and in the event of a pet bite, they start to panic. This is strictly prohibited. Quite often, animals bring parasites from a walk, but they never get sick, since not all insects are carriers, but only on average a tenth of them.

After removing the tick, the dog’s condition should be monitored, and any changes (deterioration in condition) in behavior is a significant reason for contacting the veterinarian.

Diagnosing the disease

What needs to be done after a tick bite is understandable, but there are situations when symptoms appear for no apparent reason. In this case, the owners are at a loss as to what happened to their beloved dog.?

The thing is that the disease does not always manifest itself in the first days after the bite. Sometimes the infection in the body “subsides”, waiting for a more opportune moment when the animal’s body weakens. Naturally, the owner will not associate the pet’s loss of appetite in winter with the fact that the dog was bitten by a tick in the summer. But it is better if the owner remembers such an event and is able to deliver the animal to a doctor for examination in a timely manner.

Another caveat: a tick that carries an infection may not behave like a healthy insect. The males of the parasite can bite, but not stick, but fall off immediately. This lesion of the dog is almost impossible to notice, especially if the dog is large and has dark hair.

We can only recommend that in the season of an increase in the number of insects it is better to look closely at the state of a four-legged friend.

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How to properly remove the parasite

When the owner finds a tick in the pet, the first step is to remove it from the skin. If he was discovered immediately after walking, then most likely he had not yet had time to suck. It usually takes an insect 4-6 hours to find the most delicate areas of the skin to bite.

If, after walking, you regularly comb out the dog, then the tick damage will be reduced to zero, since all uninvited guests will be removed with a brush.

If this did not happen, and the parasite still managed to suck, then it is usually found in the form of a ball, crimson with blood. And in this form, the tick must be removed, since this insect is a carrier of various infections, including encephalitis. The removal procedure is best done with medical gloves.

In order for the tick to remove the head from the skin, you can drop oil or cologne on it. One drop is enough, after which you need to wait a minute. If the head does not appear, drip again.

After a few minutes, you need to make a loop of the thread, try to catch the insect with it, as close as possible to the skin, and rotate the thread in one direction. If everything is done correctly, then after one or two turns the tick comes out.

There is another proven method: bring a needle heated over a fire to the place where the proboscis dives. The tick usually pulls out its head instantly.

One very important warning is that under no circumstances pull the insect out, as it can burst and infect the pet.!

The bitten surface is treated with iodine, hydrogen peroxide, fucorcin, or brilliant green. It is worth watching for a while for the swelling that forms at the site of the bite. If over time it does not subside, increases in size, turns red or tears, then it is necessary to show the pet to the veterinarian.

The dog was bitten by a tick. What to do

Starting from warm spring days, people go on vacation outside the city. to the river, to the village, to the forest. And, of course, they take home four-legged pets with them. On the one hand, outdoor activities bring benefits to the pet, on the other, the risk of tick damage increases. Not all dog owners know what to do if a dog is bitten by a tick. What if the pet still befell this misfortune??

First aid for tick bites

If a dog is bitten by a tick, treatment should not be long in coming! If possible, at the first sign of infection, the dog should be taken to the clinic. But what to do if the disease was caught by surprise somewhere in the village, outside the city, far from veterinary services? In this case, you need to act independently.

If the dog refuses to eat and feed, dehydration should not be allowed. It is necessary to pour water into the dog’s mouth every 30-40 minutes. 50-100 ml each. If you vomit, it will be more effective to give an enema or subcutaneous injection with the same amount of liquid. Thus, the body will receive the missing moisture.

As an emergency therapy, it is necessary to give the dog subcutaneous injections with glucose, B vitamins three times a day.6 and in12. This will help support the body in the fight against the disease, but without special drugs against parasites, the dog will not be cured. Their self-introduction without correct diagnosis can harm the animal.

If there is a completely hopeless situation, there is no way to show the dog to the veterinarian, and the condition is accompanied by all the obvious symptoms, you can give the dog an injection of Azidine or Veriben, accurately calculating the dosage based on the weight of the pet.

As soon as the situation stabilizes, the first step is to take the dog’s tests to the laboratory to clarify the diagnosis. It is necessary that the doctor prescribes complex therapy, since an untreated infection can lead to serious consequences.

After that, there is a long rehabilitation course aimed at restoring the intestinal microflora, normalizing the activity of vital organs, and, importantly, strengthening the immune forces of the dog’s body.

The owner’s attentive attitude towards his pet will help to timely detect the threat in the form of a tick and prevent the development of serious complications.

A week ago we faced this “to put it mildly” problem. We have a German shepherd dog 2 years old. I never thought that you can pick up a tick while walking or in an aviary. At first, the dog refused to eat. We attributed it all to malaise. On the third day, the state of health sharply worsened: the temperature rose, the dog’s hind legs suddenly gave up and blood appeared in the urine. In general, it’s scary. We live in a small town (there are no veterinary clinics). I had to save myself. In a pharmacy (regular) we buy: ANY ANTIBIOTIC (we took BICILIN-5), NO-SHPA, CYCLOFEROC, and vitamin B12 (all in ampoules) and REGIDRON (powder). In the veterinary pharmacy we buy the drug: PYRO STOP. (We were sold by the weight of a dog, right there the pharmacist asked for the weight. We have about 15 kg. We put it in a syringe right away, because the drug is toxic. But it saves)
First: Immediately inject PYRO STOP subcutaneously into the scruff of the dog. Pull back the skin and prick. And immediately 4 injections into the hind leg intramuscularly ANTIBIOTIC, NO-SHPA, CYCLOFEROC, and vitamin B12.
We made 1 puncture. Then they just changed the syringes.
Every 6 hours, continue to inject ANTIBIOTIC.
On the first night, vitamin B12 was injected with him.
The temperature was knocked down with CHILDREN’S NUROPHENE (syrup).
By the evening of the next day, the dog rose to its feet. But very weak.
Further, according to the same scheme (4 injections at the same time) in the morning and in the evening for a couple of days until visible improvement.
From the third day we stop injections of NO-SHPA and CYCLOFERON. And antibiotic and B12 kolem in the morning and in the evening within 10 days from the moment of the first injection.
And also the obligatory drink. Constantly. The dog refuses. We put on a muzzle and with a syringe (without a needle, of course) pour in water diluted with REGYDRON. When the dog is better also kefir, weak broths. (in general, approximately the diet of a person after surgery). But I should drink as much as possible.
When he wants, in a day or two we take him out for a walk so that the internal organs work better. Easier to go to the toilet after a walk. But now we are carefully treating the paws and stomach with tick repellents.
That’s how they saved themselves. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to take to the veterinarian. Love your “kids”. And don’t get sick

The dog was bitten by a tick. What to do?

Spring is green grass, good weather, we spend more time outdoors with our pets, giving them freedom and letting them off the leash. Being in nature for pets is not only pleasant moments, but also hidden dangers. And you need to be ready for anything. The long-awaited spring is followed by small and big problems that dog owners have to face while walking. And now I would like to draw your attention to the warnings about small, but sometimes very dangerous insects. ticks. This is especially important for inexperienced dog owners, whose pet meets spring for the first time in its life, to actively get acquainted with the surrounding spring environment and awakened nature.

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First spring

If this is the first spring for your pet, first of all introduce him to the street and nature. You should not immediately let the dog off the leash and let everything go by itself, they say, “the animal knows what is possible and what is not.” At first, go out with him on the grass, play on a leash, control his every step and action. Since at first he will be guided by curiosity and instincts, you need to show what can and cannot be done. This should be approached in the same way as teaching the dog commands, that is, you need to teach the dog to behave in nature. It’s like walking with children, you need to look at the pet in both eyes, so that you can prevent its mistake in time, so that a fun pastime does not turn into a tragedy.

What is a tick

Ticks are bugs from the arachnid class. There are so many of them that they are considered the largest group in their class. They are microscopic, and can also reach a size of more than 1 cm. The ticks, which we will now discuss, belong to the ixodid family. These beetles do not live on the body of dogs, other animals and people, but only temporarily parasitize, feeding on blood.

Ixodid ticks are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. The size of males is 2-3 mm; females can reach 10 mm or more. Ticks live from 2 to 4 years depending on the region.

Ticks live in shady, humid places. Most often found in forests, parks and gardens, fields and meadows. And also they can be found in urban areas overgrown with bushes. In short, ticks are everywhere.

Some species of ixodid ticks are disease vectors. And the most common disease in dogs, pathogens of which are transmitted by ticks. piroplasmosis.

Pyroplasmosis

There is a high probability that your pet may be attacked by a tick, which is a carrier of pyroplasmosis. Piroplasm (Piroplasma canis) can enter the bloodstream of a dog when bitten by ticks. For several days (sometimes up to 2 weeks), pyroplasm actively multiplies in the pet’s blood, affecting the hematopoietic organs and erythrocytes. And a moment comes when your pet’s body is no longer able to compensate for the loss, and the waste products of pyroplasm cause intoxication. After the dog has been bitten by a piroplasmic tick, the following symptoms are observed:

  • Lethargy;
  • Loss of appetite (refusing breakfast);
  • Increase in body temperature (up to 40 ° C or more);
  • Urine reddish brown, or dark beer color;
  • Weakness of the hind limbs;
  • Possibly vomiting, diarrhea.

If you observe the above symptoms in your pet, contact your veterinarian immediately. Ignoring or not keeping track of the condition and well-being of the dog, you risk losing it.

There are cases of dogs recovering without the intervention of a veterinarian. After that, immunity is developed, and the pet no longer shows symptoms of the disease. In this case, it can be a carrier of piroplasmosis and infect other ticks. But, not all dogs can withstand the disease, especially you should not take risks with breeds that are strongly deviated from the natural form. the wolf. Therefore, do not be surprised that wild animals in the forest, yard dogs and even guard dogs that live year-round in the yard in an aviary or on a chain do not suffer from piroplasmosis, and your Pekingese, Shih Tzu or Yorkie lies under a dropper for the second time in a row.

I really liked the article on this subject “On the problems of treatment of piroplasmosis” from the German Great Dane kennel “Classic Dog”. For me, she became the first sign and the basis for more in-depth reflections on this matter.

Tip: Always watch your dog’s tail. If, during a walk, the tail is not active for a long time, it is worth examining the pet’s health in more detail. Most likely your dog is thirsty, give him a drink of water while walking. But, if she refused water and continues to mope, the problem should be considered deeper. It is possible that your pet has pyroplasmosis. You should especially pay attention to this if the dog refused to eat breakfast (even his most beloved treat). then you certainly should urgently take to the doctor and do a blood test.

Piroplasmosis is not transmitted to humans. But, there are rare cases.

When ticks are dangerous

  • March. May;
  • Aug. Sept.

In summer, at the peak of the heat, the activity of ticks decreases, and in winter they sleep. In March, as soon as the sun begins to warm up, the air becomes humid and smells like spring, ticks wake up hungry and begin their hunt for animals, also sparing no dogs and people.

In autumn, after the exhausting heat, the second season of active hunting for warm-blooded ticks begins. It is during these periods: March-May, August-September, you should more carefully monitor your pet, take all the necessary measures to protect it from tick bites.

How to protect your dog from ticks

To protect the dog from ticks, special drops should be applied to the withers (along the back). For a certain time (on average 1 month), these agents scare away ticks. Flea and tick collars are very popular. They can be a good addition to your basic remedies. But, not as a basic defense. Collars are designed for an average of 6-7 months of use. There are also sprays that should be applied directly to the animal’s coat. The pet should be sprayed with a spray on average once a week, as well as the day before walking in densely vegetated places. All of these remedies for ticks (and other insects) are called acaricidal drugs. They should be used regularly, as no acaricidal agent will provide complete protection for your pet for more than 4 weeks.

After each walk, and possibly during a long walk, you should examine the dog in order to detect the tick in time. After getting on the dog’s body, the tick looks for a secluded spot for itself within 15-20 minutes. Therefore, perhaps you can just have time to shake off the bugs from the surface of the dog’s fur.

What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick

If a dog is bitten by a tick, it can stay on the animal’s body for up to 10 days. Areas on the dog’s body that are most exposed to tick bites:

  • Head;
  • Neck;
  • The area behind the ears;
  • Groin;
  • Elbow area.

During the bite, the tick secretes saliva, due to which blood clotting is prevented. Also, tick saliva acts as anesthesia for the animal, so the dog may not feel pain when bitten by an insect.

If you find a tick on your dog, it should be removed. You can contact your veterinarian, or you can do it yourself:

  • Liberally lubricate the tick and the area around it with vegetable oil (you can use Vaseline);
  • With tweezers, pinch the body of the bug and pull it up in a slow circular motion;
  • After removing the tick, lubricate the damaged skin of the dog with an antiseptic;
  • Destroy the tick. Best to burn.

The entire mite should be removed from the dog’s skin. There are times when, due to the awkward removal of the tick, the body comes off, and the head remains in the skin. In this case, you should consult a doctor for help, since it is very difficult to remove the remains of the beetle yourself.

After removing the tick, monitor your dog’s health and mood. After all, the tick could be a carrier of pyroplasm.

Collars

It is forbidden to wear them to pregnant, lactating, weakened dogs, as well as puppies (up to 2 months). Beafar collars are allowed only for half-year-old (and older) animals. In contact with the skin on the neck, plastic products sometimes provoke local irritation.

Neck ribbons (Bolfo, Kiltiks, Harz) serve up to 7 months and are saturated with substances that surround tetrapods with a repelling curtain, and are also distributed over the epidermis and wool. The collar cannot be removed and must be changed more often if the dog loves water procedures.

Vaccine

The French drug Pirodog (efficiency 76-80%) is designed to protect against piroplasmosis and is injected twice with an interval of 3-4 weeks. Re-inoculation is done after a year or six months later, if there are a lot of ticks in the area.

The injection is capable of restarting the disease in an animal that has previously undergone pyroplasmosis. Pirodog can be combined with vaccinations against rabies and leptospirosis, but not with others. Banned. vaccination of puppies under 5 months of age and pregnant bitches.

Symptoms of a tick bite in a dog

After an attack of ticks in an animal, in addition to infectious symptoms, neurotoxic and local reactions can be observed. This is due to the action of special secrets with a strong toxic and allergic effect.

Hepatozoonosis

It appears not only after a bite, but also as a result of accidental ingestion of a tick infected with microorganisms from the Hepatozoon genus. At first they are concentrated in leukocytes, but gradually spread throughout the body.

The disease is “silent” as long as the immune system is strong, and clearly manifests itself as soon as the defenses weaken: the dog is in a fever, her joints and muscles ache, her eyes are watery, and weakness appears. Sometimes it takes several years from the moment of the bite to the outbreak of the disease.

Bartonellosis

The disease is named after the bacteria Bartonella responsible for its occurrence.

  • Heart and vascular ailments;
  • Anemia and fever;
  • Weight loss and drowsiness;
  • Meningitis and pulmonary edema;
  • Bleeding from the nose;
  • Weakness of the hind limbs;
  • Inflammation of the eyelids and joints;
  • Hemorrhage in the eyeball.

Symptoms are often erased, because of which the animal can carry the disease in itself for years and suddenly die for no apparent (for the owner) reasons.

Prevention methods

These include acaricidal solutions (drops and sprays), as well as antiparasitic collars and a vaccine.

Local reactions

They are much more common than neurotoxic ones, and look like skin disorders of varying severity. If you managed to remove the tick, after 2-3 hours this place will show:

  • Redness;
  • Puffiness;
  • High (against the background of the whole body) temperature;
  • Itching and mild pain.

The dog has an urgent need to lick and brush the bite area. On the second day after removal of the parasite, symptoms of granulomatous dermatitis can also be detected. Rarely enough, the wound takes the form of purulent inflammation: this happens with the inept actions of the owner who infected the focus when removing the tick.

What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick

Living dogs are attacked by many ectoparasites, but the most significant threat comes from ixodid ticks, more precisely from four of their species. Ixodes, Haemaphysalis, Dermacentor and Rhipicephalus.

Ehrlichiosis

Rickettsiae Ehrlichia, parasitizing in cells, are to blame for the development of the disease. Ehrlichiosis, characterized by debilitating fever, has been diagnosed since 2002.

The decreased activity of the four-legged should be alerted. refusal to play, inhibited reactions, a constant desire to lie. It is worse if the symptoms are invisible from the outside: the disease will undermine the body, gradually incapacitating the eyes, blood vessels, joints, spleen, bone marrow and other organs.