home Article What To Do If A Turtle Has A Cracked Shell

What To Do If A Turtle Has A Cracked Shell

Features of pet care during molting

Also, during the molting period, it is important to monitor the cleanliness of the turtle dwelling and the aquarium. The thing is that dying off particles of the shell float on the surface, thereby polluting the water. Dirty water is a breeding ground for bacteria. Therefore, you should change the water as often as possible or install a filter in the aquarium.

Some owners seek to speed up the molting process of their turtle by forcibly removing the top layer of the shell. This is strongly discouraged. You can help to remove the shell layer if the turtle cannot do it on its own for a long time. The non-flaking shell is uncomfortable for the turtle and can cause injury and poor health.

To speed up the molting process, you can gently wipe the shell with a decoction of chamomile flowers. You can take the turtle out of the aquarium for a while and let it dry completely. Dry scales will become easier to flake off and fall off when the turtle is crawling or swimming in the aquarium.

During the moulting period, experts advise bathing the turtles in order to remove the remnants of dirt from under the shell scales and prevent them from rotting. For bathing, you will need a small container with low sides. Fill it with warm water and add 1 teaspoon of baking soda per liter of water. Gently lower the turtle into the container so that its head remains on the surface. After 20 minutes of taking a bath, they take it out, gently blot excess water with a towel and apply a few drops of olive oil to the shell.

turtle, cracked, shell

. How often does a turtle moult?

Young red-eared turtle sheds quite often. This can happen up to twice a month. After that, as the turtle matures, the period between molts becomes longer. In total, the reptile sheds for several years, until the process of body formation ends.

Molting in a turtle already in adulthood speaks of a disruption in the work of its body, the presence of any disease and should alert its owner.

Molting in red-eared turtles, why the shell peels off

Often people give birth to red-eared turtles without knowing how to care for them. They don’t even know that, like many animals and reptiles, the turtle sheds. And it is during this period that she needs special care to make this period easier for the turtle.

Moulting time in the red-eared turtle

Do not be alarmed when a red-eared turtle begins molting. This is a natural process that occurs in a young individual during a period of active growth. The reptile grows fast enough and the shell simply does not keep up with its growth. Therefore, peeling of all or part of the shell occurs. This process is absolutely safe for the turtle, but during this period it needs special care.

In the early stages of turtle development, complete flaking of the upper layer of the shell can be observed. As the turtle matures, the amount of dead tissue decreases. This is no longer the whole upper layer of the reptile’s shell, but only a part of it. After a while, the moulting of the red-eared turtle stops.

How not to miss a turtle illness

When turtles molt, it means that the reptile is developing normally. This is a sure sign that the turtle is growing and after a while, with normal development, it will grow into a large adult.

However, owners of red-eared turtles need to be aware that there are several diseases, the symptoms of which resemble moulting during the growth of the tortoise. The carapace of a reptile begins to flake off with fungal diseases or a lack of vitamins obtained from food. In this case, you should definitely show your pet to the veterinarian in order for him to help adjust the diet or give recommendations for treatment.

Also, a soft shell, bruising, and an unpleasant odor may indicate burns or trauma to the shell and the development of a bacterial infection as a result. Such cases should be treated immediately with antibiotics as directed by a veterinarian.

If there is no way to show your pet to the veterinarian, then you need to inspect yourself. Inspection must be done very carefully so as not to damage the tortoise shell. If the examination did not reveal any deviations from the norm, and the turtle eats normally and is active, then this is its usual molting period. It is worth remembering only one thing. the turtle molts when it grows, molting in adulthood is a sign of a disease.

The soft shell of a turtle. How to deal with an illness?

A problem like the soft shell of a turtle is a symptom of a dangerous disease in an amphibian called rickets. In the initial form, it is reversible, in the advanced stage, the disease is difficult to treat, the pet can be lost.

Soft shell of the land turtle

The low density of the armor tissue of a land reptile indicates a lack of vitamin D3, calcium in the body and a violation of the function of its assimilation. In order to notice the disease in time, you need to regularly take the pet in your arms and examine it. Land turtle, soft shell. what to do:

  • Replenish the body of an amphibian with vitamins D3, not forgetting that their overdose is no less dangerous than a deficiency. They give drugs every 2 weeks.
  • Calcium supplements are added to the menu at every meal until the pet’s condition improves.
  • In the terrarium, the UV lamp should work 12 hours a day.

Why did the turtle have a soft shell??

In a healthy reptile, the cover is hard, even, without gaps and bumps, almost uniform in color. Rickets occurs when there is a lack of solar or artificial ultraviolet light, with a deficiency of calcium, vitamin D3, if the pet’s diet is monotonous, poor in nutrients. Then the carapace tissue of the amphibian becomes pliable, deforms when pressed on it with a finger, the edge shields are bent dome-shaped upward. It is very risky if the turtle has a soft shell, since the disease must be treated immediately, otherwise the death of the pet may occur.

Disease progression. Complications:

  • Spontaneous limb fractures;
  • Loss of cloaca;
  • Bleeding;
  • Redness of the mucous membrane of the eyes;
  • The reptile cannot stand up on its paws;
  • Disruption of the intestines and kidneys, as a result of which the absorption of calcium into the body stops;
  • An amphibian’s bite changes, which limits food intake.

At the last stage, death occurs as a result of pulmonary edema, diffuse demorrhage, heart failure. If a soft shell is observed in a turtle under one year old, then this is normal. the only exception when there is no need to worry. The shield in babies becomes horny for the first 12 months, gradually turning into reliable protection.

The soft shell of the red-eared turtle

Often young red-eared individuals after a year are prone to this disease. The reason is the lack of natural or artificial lighting in the terrarium. When rickets appears, the armor bends when pressed with a finger. Without treatment, the outer contour of the head of the red-eared reptile changes. the lower jaw becomes flexible, and the upper jaw resembles a bird’s beak. The mouth is deformed, the amphibian cannot eat normally. In severe cases, the beak bifurcates, parts disappear.

The soft shell of the red-eared turtle. What to do:

  • Be sure to irradiate it with a UV lamp;
  • Include in the diet raw fish with small bones, multivitamins with calcium and D3.

The sea turtle has a soft shell

In such reptiles, the shield has a teardrop-shaped outline, it helps them to swim nimbly in the water. A soft shell in a sea turtle indicates non-compliance with the conditions for keeping an amphibian. a lack of ultraviolet rays, a lack of vitamin D3 and calcium. It is necessary to adjust the pet’s diet using the necessary supplements. The water in the terrarium needs to be changed and a good filter installed.

The turtle has a soft shell. what to do?

If a soft shell is found in a turtle, it is necessary to provide it with comfortable living conditions and adjust its nutrition, saturate it with minerals and vitamins. In an amphibian, rickets is in the first stage, when the limbs work normally, there are no bleeding, paresis and swelling. How to cure a turtle shell with an initial form of the disease:

  • Inject calcium gluconate (10%) at a dosage of 1.5 ml / kg intramuscularly every 24 hours for 12-14 days;
  • Give Panalgin (potassium and magnesium) to drink 1 mg / kg every other day for 10 days. It helps calcium get into the bones;
  • Give calcium feed for reptiles 1-2 times a week. cuttlefish, molluscs, shrimp. They will strengthen the armor tissue and bones of the pet;
  • In winter, irradiate with an ultraviolet lamp for 10-12 hours a day, in summer you can take the terrarium outside, covering the turtles from direct UV rays.

If the disease is running and there are paresis of the intestines and extremities, fractures, bleeding, shortness of breath, anorexia, treatment is prescribed and carried out by a veterinarian. With a favorable outcome, it will last 2-3 months. The first year after recovery, you will need to monitor the amphibian’s diet and blood counts, and take preventive measures.

Turtle Shell Care

So that the pet does not have problems with the shell tissue, it is important to take care of the reptile’s cover. How to clean a turtle shell:

  • Put the turtle in a bowl of water at 36 ° C, wash the shell shell with a sponge, use baby soap if it is heavily soiled;
  • Wipe the cover dry, rub it with olive oil with a cotton pad.

To prevent rickets, it is necessary to carry out prevention:

  • Do sun or ultraviolet baths every day;
  • Add crushed eggshells or bone meal to feed 1-2 times a week;
  • In winter, give the reptile a solution of vitamin D3 every 2-3 weeks. pour 3 drops with a syringe into the mouth of an adult.

Carapace. Health indicator

Turtle shells often suffer from traumatic injury. Terrestrial reptiles are especially disposed to this. The reason may be the fall of the turtle from a height. Sometimes the turtle can be accidentally stepped on or trapped in the doorway.

That is why the tortoise shell should be periodically inspected for cracks, scratches, and other changes. If the owner noticed spots on the turtle’s shell or a suspicious discoloration, then this may indicate the presence of secondary bacterial and fungal microflora. Such lesions can lead to partial or complete destruction of the shell. In case of such signs, you should immediately consult a doctor.!

Shell structure

The shell of turtles around the world consists of two shields: the dorsal and the abdominal. They are interconnected. The carapace has holes for the head, legs and tail. When danger approaches, the turtle hides in its shelter.

In some species of this animal, the shell is soft, but it is quite durable. Therefore, the formidable predator will not be able to gnaw it. The shell serves as a real protection for the turtle. After all, by nature, she is clumsy and slow, and “home with you” will always protect and hide from ill-wishers.

Turtles are classified into sea, river and land. Scientists count about 230 species of these interesting creatures. They have some differences among themselves in color, size and body structure.

For example, land and river turtles are smaller in size than their marine counterparts. All reptiles. Extremely heat-loving creatures. Their habitat is the tropics and subtropics.

Only in the very hot deserts of New Zealand and the Pacific coast of South America, travelers will not have a chance to meet turtles. The terrestrial species lives in almost all corners of our planet. Known river turtles and sea.

Red-eared turtle

The most beautiful representative of the turtle world is the red-eared one. This is a freshwater turtle that has a shell of over 25 centimeters. The reptile beauty has been growing for many years. The carapace of a red-eared turtle reaches a diameter of about 7.5 cm in 1.5 years. Then it continues to grow more slowly, adding 1 cm per year. The shell of a red-eared turtle can reach a maximum length of 30 centimeters.

Musk turtle

The Musk Turtle is the smallest in the world. Its habitats are the reservoirs of the USA and Canada. This creation of nature weighs a little more than 200 grams. The length of the bug. About 8 centimeters, the carapace reaches approximately 6-7 centimeters. As a defense, the reptile is able to exude a rather unpleasant odor thanks to the liquid that accumulates in the back of the shell. The turtle is omnivorous and unpretentious. Her diet includes small fish, various aquatic vegetation.

Softening the shell

Consider the reasons why a turtle’s shell becomes soft. If this is not due to a natural feature, then, most likely, this is due to the lack of calcium in the animal’s body. It also indicates non-observance of the rules for keeping the turtle, a lack of ultraviolet rays and a lack of vitamin D.

If you notice, for example, that a red-eared turtle has a soft shell, then rush to the doctor for examination. Only he will be able to say for sure what caused this phenomenon and what needs to be done. Reptile owners often notice algae spots on the tortoise’s shell. If they are weak and there are few of them, then there is nothing to worry about. If the turtle is “overgrown” with such a pattern, you should pay attention to water pollution and lighting. White spots on a turtle’s shell can signal the presence of fungus. Self-treatment of reptiles is not recommended. In any case, if spots are seen on the shell of a red-eared turtle, it is better to consult a herpetologist in time.

Turtle shell. Turtle shell structure

In ancient times, there was a belief that the planet Earth rested on the shell of a gigantic tortoise. In Chinese mythology, this reptile was one of the sacred animals. Esotericists used the shell of turtles for divination. Apparently, the number of plates that are located along the edge of the “turtle house” contributed to this. The Chinese people depicted this animal on the imperial banners, believing that the turtle protects from fire and war.

In Japan, this mysterious creature was considered a symbol of longevity, wisdom and immortality. Oriental doctors tried to make a miraculous drug from a turtle shell that could slow the aging of the human body. In India, people noticed that the tortoise tends to hide in the shell. They identified this feature with meditation and spirituality.

Roof turtle

Roofing stands out with its unusual structure among turtles. Her homeland is India. The shell of this interesting turtle is about 40 cm long.

The reptile has a keel on its back. Especially striking is the backward-directed tooth on the third vertebral plate. The coloring of the roof turtle is excellent!

Reptile belly. Reddish yellow with distinct black spots. The head and nape are highlighted in bright red. The carapace, bordered by a light yellow ribbon, plays with greenish-brown shades.

The legend of the turtle

There is a legend among the Mongolian people that once the turtle moved from north to south. On the way, she met a warrior who shot an arrow at her. An arrow pierced the tortoise shell, striking it to death.

From the side of the damaged shell, a forest arose, and from the blood of a dying animal, the sea formed. that was the northern side of the world. The flame that finally burst out of the turtle’s throat was called the south side. According to legend, lumps of earth were clamped in the paws of the animal, which subsequently formed the soil with the entire flora. This is how, according to the myth, all directions of the world and the earth happened.

Scientists believe that turtles appeared on Earth 200 million years ago. They have changed little since then. The only thing is that some of them have mastered the land, others. the deep sea and fresh waters. Researchers estimate that the life span of a turtle on earth is over 200 years! The age of this amazing creature can be judged by the shields on its shell.

Turtles

Russian lovers of the living area willingly acquire this particular type of turtle. The point is not only in the bright color of the reptile, but also in its unpretentiousness. But there are some peculiarities to consider.

For example, it is a mistake to choose a small terrarium for a red-eared turtle. After all, the reptile will grow up and demand more and more space. You need to stock up on a terrarimum of 100-150 liters. A dry space must be provided in it, and the water level must exceed the size of the turtle’s shell.

It is recommended to change the water in the aquarium 1-2 times a week and maintain the temperature in it at least 20-26 o C. If you neglect these rules, then after a while you can find spots of unhealthy color on the animal’s shell. Experts advise to put the aquarium with a turtle in a sunny place, as the pet loves to soak up the warm rays.

The health of the turtle, including the condition of its shell, is directly dependent on nutrition. It must be balanced. There are a lot of food for turtles on the market, but not all mineral and vitamin supplements are taken into account.

This will sooner or later affect the health of the reptile. In parallel with this, it can be found that the red-eared turtle has a soft shell, which is not its natural feature. You can supplement the diet with finely chopped fresh fish. Moths and earthworms are excellent feed additives for turtles.

Algorithm of actions

  • Thorough examination of damage and assessment of its degree.
  • If the chip in Achatina is so small that it is almost invisible, then most likely the shell fragments do not touch the internal organs and the mollusk is able to restore itself on its own. It is enough to help the pet and give increased portions of calcium for a while.
  • If the shell of the Achatina snail has broken into small pieces, emergency and urgent measures will be required. The first is the relocation of the animal to a separate container, away from neighbors in order to avoid cannibalism.

Method two: patch

This option is used in the event that the Achatina’s shell has not broken too much. It is acceptable for small cracks and chips. The scheme of the procedure repeats the first method: the animal is separated from its fellows, the shell is washed, and the crack or chip is closed with a plaster.

Method three:

This method of treatment is used if the damage is serious and accounts for more than 30% of the entire surface of the shell.

It also requires preliminary isolation of the mollusc. The snail is placed on a regular white paper towel and rinsed in chamomile infusion. The flower is considered a high-quality antiseptic capable of providing a disinfectant effect. It is important to process only the shell itself and not allow drops to come into contact with the body.

You will also need to boil the egg. Each product prepared in this way has a thin film under the shell. It must be carefully removed and the chip tightened. Adhesive bonding may be required. A plaster bandage previously purchased from a pharmacy and soaked in water is fixed on top.

The snail is isolated from its relatives for about a week. During this period, it is extremely important to monitor her condition, avoid low humidity and give the pet high doses of calcium.

The listed options are an emergency measure. A much more effective way is to take your pet to the veterinarian. In the veterinary clinic, a specialist will be able to quickly diagnose and prescribe effective treatment.

Method one: plaster and glue

First of all, you should start cleaning damaged areas from contamination. This is done by rinsing in warm water between 26 and 30 degrees. After the broken Achatina carapace has dried, a piece of plaster is needed. Architectural clay is also suitable. This composition should cover the damaged area. It is important to apply raw materials in thin layers and do not press on the shell with all force.

As a rule, gypsum dries within 24 hours. After it is completely dry, the place of application is covered with glue. medical, epoxy or supercomposition. The liquid should be used very carefully, as it is detrimental to the mollusk. Even one drop on the body can lead to death of the animal. The glue also dries up within 24 hours, after which the snail re-settles back to its relatives.

Causes of damage to the shell

The most common cause of a cracked shell in Achatina and other snails is falling. The mollusk can accidentally slide down from the walls of the terrarium or fall, slipping out of the hands of the owner, who planned to bathe it in a stream of running water. Despite the apparent strength of the cover, it is quite fragile. Therefore, if the shell of a snail is cracked, it is important to know what to do and how to treat.

Causes and treatments for a cracked snail shell

The mucus protects the snail from the inside, repairing possible damage. But a strong and durable-looking shell is the most vulnerable place. You should be wary if the shell is cracked, turned pale or began to exfoliate.

But if a shabby, flaking shell are signs of an illiterate mollusk, fungi and parasites, then chips and cracks are external mechanical damage.

Treatment methods

There are several methods to help a snail with a cracked shell.

Damage prevention methods

There are options in which you can avoid breakage of the Achatina shell:

  • The house is clean and tidy. It is unacceptable to put solid objects such as stones on the bottom of the house.
  • The choice of quality soil.
  • Balanced diet and mandatory calcium supplements.
  • Maintaining a balance of temperature and humidity in the terrarium.

Simple rules will help you avoid a lot of troubles and keep your pet’s health at a high level.

The turtle’s shell cracked. How not to miss a turtle illness

When turtles molt, it means that the reptile is developing normally. This is a sure sign that the turtle is growing and after a while, with normal development, it will grow into a large adult.

However, owners of red-eared turtles need to be aware that there are several diseases, the symptoms of which resemble moulting during the growth of the tortoise. The carapace of a reptile begins to flake off with fungal diseases or a lack of vitamins obtained from food. In this case, you should definitely show your pet to the veterinarian in order for him to help adjust the diet or give recommendations for treatment.

Also, a soft shell, bruising, and an unpleasant odor may indicate burns or trauma to the shell and the development of a bacterial infection as a result. Such cases should be treated immediately with antibiotics as directed by a veterinarian.

If there is no way to show your pet to the veterinarian, then you need to inspect yourself. Inspection must be done very carefully so as not to damage the tortoise shell. If the examination did not reveal any deviations from the norm, and the turtle eats normally and is active, then this is its usual molting period. It is worth remembering only one thing. the turtle molts when it grows, molting in adulthood is a sign of a disease.

How do I recognize diarrhea?

Feces are mushy, runny, or have a strong odor.

It is necessary to limit food intake during the week. It is recommended that you bathe daily and make sure the animal is drinking plenty of water. It is necessary to control the weight of the turtle, for this it is recommended to weigh it regularly. If you do not see any improvement, contact your veterinarian immediately! In the absence of damage to internal organs, the prognosis is positive.

Redness and swelling of the eyes

As a rule, such diseases occur due to a violation of the turtle’s hygiene. Eye diseases are called ophthalmic. Symptoms are: the eyes may swell and cannot open, eyelid edema and may stick together, the turtle cannot open eyes, mucosal redness, film on the eye, corneal opacity, loss of vision, fear of bright light, intense tearing, outflow from the eyes, decreased activity of the animal. The likelihood of ophthalmology arises when the body is weakened after another disease.

When a disease is detected, it is important not to self-medicate, but to consult a doctor who will select the appropriate course. There are many eye diseases in water turtles, and they are easy to confuse. only a specialist can determine exactly what needs to be done to ensure good health.

Turtle diseases. Carapace fracture

Fractures of the shell occur as a result of injuries when the turtle is dropped from a height, stepped on or placed on it with heavy objects, as well as as a result of the bites of predatory animals. The ability of the carapace to regenerate is unique; in nature, you can often find individuals with traces of extensive carapace fractures, which safely close over time without much damage to the turtle’s health. However, it must be remembered that injuries leading to a violation of the integrity of the shell are often quite severe and also have a general effect on the turtle’s body: shock, internal bleeding and lung contusion.

There is no diaphragm in turtles, and respiratory movements are performed by contraction of smooth interpulmonary muscles and muscles of the pectoral girdle. Thus, normal breathing is maintained even with a fracture of the carapace (upper part of the carapace), and it is completely unnecessary to establish negative pressure in the cavity.

However, if the lungs are affected, necrotizing pneumonia can develop, which is difficult to treat.

The spine fuses with the middle part of the carapace, and fractures in this area can cause damage to the spinal cord, manifested by paresis and paralysis. over, even severe spinal injuries do not always cause paralysis, and such patients die within a few months as a result of bladder atony or blockage of the large intestine.

Thus, only a veterinary herpetologist can assess the severity of the tortoise’s injury and prescribe appropriate treatment. Even if your turtle only has a cracked shell due to a fall or other injury, it still needs to be shown to a doctor who will prescribe the necessary additional examinations (X-ray, MRI, blood tests).

Treatment depends on the severity of the injury. Fresh, unmodified wounds are irrigated with sterile saline, then the edges of the fracture are carefully aligned to prevent the development of abscesses. Antimicrobial ointments and sprays are prescribed locally, and, if necessary, a course of systemic antibiotic therapy. Dressings are changed daily until healthy tissue appears. In aquatic and semi-aquatic species, the application of cyanoacrylate ester along the edges of the fracture helps to maintain the dressing for 24 to 48 hours, which allows the turtles to swim. Semi-aquatic turtles are landed on the shore for 2-4 hours daily during treatment to allow the bandage to dry.

Comparison of fragments and plastics of the shell is carried out exclusively under anesthesia. The non-viable parts of the shell are removed, the viable ones are raised from the depth of the wound and placed in a physiological position. Sometimes, to hold the fragments in the desired position, they are fixed with wire through specially drilled holes.

The external fixing method involves the use of metal bridges (aluminum, copper or steel) anchored across the fault lines with epoxy glue.

Rapid fixation of lesions with epoxy resin and carbon fiber mesh is now recognized as the method that causes the most complications in the form of osteomyelitis and cellulite under the resin application due to insufficient drainage (Meider, 2006). Tight impermeable dressings are also not indicated for infected wounds.

Fractures of the carapace, when one or more fragments of it are lost, are treated as open wounds. All foreign bodies are removed, and the defect is thoroughly washed with sterile isotonic solution. The wound is closed with a bandage and treated for several weeks or months before healing begins. Severe injuries and head trauma can cause food refusal. In this case, the turtle is forced to feed through a phagostomy.

Regardless of the method, it takes 1–2 years to fully heal a carapace fracture. Turtles should not hibernate during this period. Radiographic confirmation of carapace healing is required prior to removal of fixation devices.

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About treatment

Let’s take a closer look at how to treat a turtle with cracks in its shell:

  • The veterinarian directs the owner with the pet for an x-ray, an MRI, a blood test.
  • If the shell is broken and there are fragments, then they are pulled out of the animal’s body under anesthesia. If the pieces of the shell are not dead, they successfully grow together.
  • When the veterinarian cleans the wounds, removes the dead shell and lacks a large piece, he heals the wound in that place, like an ordinary open one. Uses antiseptics, applies sterile or breathable dressings.
  • Those parts of the coating that need to be spliced, the veterinarian can connect using a special frame. They come in steel or aluminum. The frame is fixed with epoxy glue. Those parts that are chipped are connected in such a way, holes are drilled in them, silver or copper wire or honey is drawn. Thread and fasten in the desired position.
  • Wounds on the turtle’s back are treated with an antiseptic. A saline solution, which is bought in a veterinary pharmacy, is suitable. The treatment should be continued until the wounds in the animal are completely healed. For some turtles, a veterinarian prescribes injections with antibiotics and vitamins.
  • The wound needs to be bandaged. The dressing is changed once every 7 days, or as often as the veterinarian says. A bandage is not always applied, sometimes the crack is covered with a water-repellent resin. The veterinarian will assess how difficult the wound is, where it is and, if possible, advise that the area of ​​the crack be covered with resin.
  • The cracks heal slowly. It takes about 1 or 2 g. It depends on what the injury was.

The owner of the turtle must be careful not to accidentally sit on the pet, not to drop it from a height. All family members need to be told how to properly handle an animal. After all, then it will take 1-2 years for the wound to heal, or even the turtle may die.

Most often, turtles receive shell injuries: contrary to popular belief, this is not at all such a reliable armor. The shell of a turtle can crack because:

The turtle fell from a height (from a sofa, table, balcony. it doesn’t matter, the result will be injury); If someone stepped on it; Dropped a child; Crushed by the leg of a chair, table, wheel of a stroller, pinched by the door. Bitten by a cat, a dog.

The best prevention of such injuries is to adhere to basic standards of maintenance:

  • The turtle is kept in a terrarium from which it cannot get out on its own and which the dog cannot reach;
  • You cannot let your pet go for a walk on the floor and forget about it: the turtle will either catch a cold, or someone will step on it;
  • Do not leave your turtle unattended on a balcony or open window (many birds of prey show considerable interest in such pets);
  • Only individuals of the same species and age can be kept together: conflicting turtles can cause serious injury to each other;
  • The diet should be complete: a lack of vitamins and minerals (in particular, calcium and vitamin D) makes the shell and bones more fragile, therefore, the risk of fractures increases.

Prevention methods

There is one truth to be followed. She claims that the disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, in order not to have to deal with treatment, it is better to regularly carry out preventive measures, which is what experienced owners do. Especially, this is true when the animal has gastrointestinal disorders or the turtle has caught an acute respiratory disease and its body spends a lot of energy to fight these ailments.

Prevention is performed every few months, and maybe more often, depending on the conditions. As a preventive measure, you can use oak bark baths or etch the aquaterrarium with Methylene Blue.

The implementation of preventive measures does not indicate that there is no need to keep the animal under normal conditions. Normal conditions are adequate temperature, cleanliness, and proper diet. Without these three components, it is unlikely that a healthy animal will be raised. Indeed, in addition to the fungus, the pet is pursued by other, no less serious diseases. All of them are directly related to both nutrition and living conditions.

How to treat shell injuries in turtles

If the crack is small and not dirty, fix the cracks with an elastic self-adhesive bandage or roll-on tape. Gauze bandages or cloths are not suitable because they actively absorb moisture from the body and can lead to dehydration, and pathogenic bacteria develop more actively under such a bandage. After that, you need to find a herpetologist and bring the “patient” to his appointment. Remember: dehydration can kill your turtle faster than a seemingly minor wound.

If the area of ​​damage is significant, surgical intervention will be required. After the X-ray, the doctor will assess the turtle’s general condition and extent of damage. It will be necessary to match and secure the debris, rinse the wound with an antiseptic and fix it with polymer or plaster. For 1-2 weeks, the site of injury is closed with fibrin, while the mesh remains until the bone structures of the shell are fused. A course of antibiotics (ceftazidime, baytril and others), droppers, calcium supplements, multivitamins, sometimes hormones and regeneration agents (actovegin, solcoseryl) and so on are prescribed.

When softness and exfoliation of the shell is the norm

Small turtles have soft shells until they are 12 months old. By the end of the first year, it gets hard.

A flaking carapace can be observed during molting. He does not have time to grow with the reptile’s body. She begins to peel off the shell, and its scales flake off. Young animals molt up to twice a month. When the cause of the exfoliating carapace is molting, do not panic. The fact that the turtle is molting, and not sick, is indicated by the absence of other warning symptoms in the animal, while the pet is active, he has a good appetite.

It is important during this period to properly care for the animal. The diet should contain foods rich in calcium: shellfish, shrimp, lean fish, which is fed along with entrails and bones

It is recommended to give a multivitamin formulated specifically for young turtles. Constantly change the water in the aquaterrarium, otherwise the dead tissues will float on the surface and become a good breeding ground for microorganisms, which will provoke animal diseases.

If the pet itself cannot remove dead tissue and combs itself, then to help the reptile, you can wipe the shell with chamomile infusion.

You can redeem the turtle in a soda solution, which is prepared at the rate of 1 tsp. Soda for 1 liter of liquid. For bathing, you will need dishes with low sides. There should be enough water in it so that the head of the reptile is located above the liquid. The duration of such a bath is no more than 20 minutes. Then remove the turtle, blot excess liquid with a towel. Then brush the carapace with olive oil.

Molting can be seen only in young individuals that are actively growing. This is a physiological process that indicates that the animal is developing normally. If the shell of an adult turtle exfoliates, then this indicates a pathology.

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